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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 27, 1937, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLIII FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PKESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES IOWA THURSDAY MAY THIS TAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 198 Senate and House Differ Stewart Explains Why One Fights Other Doesnt By CHARLES P STEV ART ASHING TON Pres idents have many more of their fights with the senate than the house of repre sentatives A p re s ident who has an ac tual majority him in the lower house cannot but have t r o u ble with that bouse too President Hoover or ex ample bad a democratic ma jority of the representatives to combat during the latter half of his term That was awkward of course But a representatoria majority which partisanlyis in with the white house generally is tol erably manageable by iae tenant of the executive mansion The senate is different There were democratic senators whom President Wilson could not con trol There were republican sen ators whom President Harding Coolidge and could not control Eachof them had a sen ate majority on but there was no dependability about it when any issue came to a vote Majority on Paper President Roosevelt has a per fectly enormous seriate on paper Out of 96 senator 76 call them selves democrats Besides at least one independent republican and one progressive are on his side Theoretically the tally should be 78 proadministrationists versus IS counting a couple of farmerlaborites as of the anti by il logic this lastnamed pair shculd be Roose veltian ordinarily Yet the president has not got a senate majority that he can swear More of his opponents at least some of the time avs democrats than there are republicans in the senate chamber Always Like Tlat The rule holds good ttther way A republican president cannot oarnble on the suppori of a pre dominantly republican senate a democratic president cannot gam ble on a predominantly democra tic one It is all right One iikes to see independence in senators Still it is peculiar And why aren t repre sentatives as independent also It is a matter of tradition partly in all probability Then there is the conn deration of senatorial versus house rules A senator cannot be muzzled as a representative can The former can make speeches ad lib and become prominent regardless of the administrations wishes A representative can be so tightly corked up that his constituents will consider him a worth having thus he will be beat on next election day Difference in Term A senator has six years to dig in a representative only two There is an occasional repre sentative who hangs on o long that iie can afford to become fairly sassy against the administration but he is the exception A senator has one disadvantage heis much more conspicuous than a representative This country has developed an economy President Roosevelt said that the United States can up a 35billion dollar indebtedness without danger but that that is enough And it is past 35 billions already To spend still more alrjrms all hands But to economize iunpop ular too A senator voting con tinued expenditures is on he right side senatorially speaking But a representative voting similarly is voting against federal financial gravy in his particular little lo cality Ditto patronage A scJiator with two or three important offices to fill may be able to explain to the few folk who didnt get them why they wereunavailable A representative rax larger number of smaHebat much desired jobs has much trouble to explain his inability to dictate anyof them Thus is amenable to executive influence to be Thus President Roosevelt back from his vacation had a moder ately pliable house of representa tives awaiting him But the senate was a different matter Reports Auto Thef 1 DBS MOINES Arlene Randall Des Moines reported to police she was robbed of her auto mobile and in valusbles in cluding a diamond ring by a man who entered her car as she was driving away from a beer tavern PEACE OFFICERS AT CONFERENCE AND LUNCHEON Safety Lane in Operation in Charge oi Chief of Police Success in making Cerro Gordo county the model county in Iowa in an extended drive for safety consciousness was apparent Thurs day afternoon as some in dividuals formed a parade as the feature of the Safety day observ ance Thousands were on the street to witness the graphic dem onstration by the parade of var ious phases of safety Interest in the of safety had obviously reached a high point as the crowds continued to increase in size despite hovering clouds that threatened rain Many farmers unable to work in fields because of rains and residents from nearby towns joined Mason Cityans in the observance Gov Nelson G Kraschel speak er of the day arrived at noon First of the full day of activi ties was the safety lane which was in operation Thursday morn ing on Washington avenue south west Chief of Police Harold J Wolfe was in charge of the opera tion of the lane Hold Conference Peace officers had a noon lunch eon at the Hotel Hanford and fol lowing that were to take part in a conference with Sheriff Tim Phalen Cerro Gordo county in charge Nxt event on the days i program was the safety parade I scheduled to start at 3 oclock and I following that was the tepeaking program from a special reviewing stand in Central park Various industries manufactur ers and businessmen of the city budlv encased Thursday oartici g an prepann for partici P More Than Steel Workers on Strike About Those Brakes the first to send his car through the traffic lane on the west side of Central jia SEE WAGE HOUR ACT OPPOSITION A F of L Leaders Fear Law Fixing Minimum Pay a CINCINNATI IP American Federation of Labor opposition to administrationS wage and Concludng Shy d he day hour billappeared likely Thurs WhP rising cere day in the light of sentiment ex pressed privately by federation was to be the flag raising cere mony at oclock Arriving in the city Thursday for the ceremonies were Atty Gen John Mitchell Lew Wallace chieftains William Green A F of L presiI dent expects the federations exec J Jllil perintendent of the motor vehicle I utive council to declare Us stand department John Hattery chief on the measurebefore the end of of the Iowa state highway patrol its current meeting Hotel lobby talk plainly indicat ed most of the council members felt mens wages should be fixed bv collective bargaining rather and Phil H Sproul executive sec retary of the Iowa State Safety Council Ohio Man Attends Adam H Lintz of Lakewopd I than by federal law A rigid mmi Ohio was here as representative mum they said would tend to peg of the National Safety Council Others arriving or expected Thursday were Harry Nestle Car roll assistant chief of the high way patrol Maj E A Conley Marshalltown assistant chief of the highway patrol Roy Neber gall Des Moines secretary of the Iowa Sheriffs association Les H wages and would make every ef fort to raise pay doubly hard Hours Sentiment Divided Sentiment on the hours and child labor provisions was divided Some of the more conservative leaders oppose federal regulation Iowa Shennsassociation I though the federa saara ssa wS2 r5 County Safety Council Vrtmpnt Eight additional entries from amenamenu volunteer groups were reported A few leaders expressed the for oaradc according to Fred I opinion that the council might ig Vparade chairman making nore the bill officially and allow 90 units in the line of individual unions to lobby as they chose for or against the measure for the day Meantime the council pushed forward with its campaign against rebel committee organization on KGLO WILL JOIN NATIONAL CHAIN ON JUNE 27TH Local Radio Station to Be Affiliated With Columbia Broadcasting NEW Columbia Broadcasting system Thursday an nounced that the latest addition to the network system is station KGLO at Mason City Iowa Full details of the affiliation of the Mason City station with the network were not available as Lee P Loomis publisher of the Globe Gazette who had been in New York arranging for the contract was enroute to Mason City Effective June 27 The affiliation of the Mason City station with Columbia become effective Sunday June 27 Network service will be available from 8 until midnight Mking of Station KGLO a sup olementary station of the Colum bia network willbring many ad ditional radio features to the Ma son City station including radio broadcasts direct from national events outstanding radio stars of the nation and alltypes of enter tainment of the highest quality Keep Local Features Present program arrangements on station KGLO will be changed but when queried officials of the j Mason City station said that all of the main features of local or igin will be In other words it was pointed out that Co lumbia network programs will merely bring many more features to KGLO listeners in addition to present programs originated in the Mason City studios Station KGLO in Mason City was opened Jan 17 and has en joyed phenomenal popularity as a 100 watt station A high radial tower in an advantageous posi tion has given it a wide coverage GOVERNOR GREETS SAFETY N G Kraschel left is shown shaking hands with Dr C F Starr chair man of the Cerro Gordo County Safety council at the officers con ference of the Safety Day program at the Hotel Hanford Thursday noon C L Murray chairman of the Safety Day program is shown registering pleasure at the visit by the governor Lock photo Kaye nay engraving LOOK INSIDE FOR Wagner nearly 90 units march The safety lane managed by C E of the SiegMason City company and furnished by local garages was set up and put into operation Thursday on the west side of Cen tralpark It was termed Motor Vehicle Inspection and was spon sored by the Mason City Safety commission By afternoon several hundred automobiles had taken this test Cards were issued to drivers taking their cars through the lane in which rigid tests were made on wheel alignment and brakes A complete check was made on wheel alignment by the wheel alignment indicator furnished by the SiegMason City company Brakes Checked Brakes on the car were also checked by a brake tester fur nished by the Birum Olson com pany which showed the braking power of each wheel and whether the braking power was evenly ap plied to all four wheels Other parts checked by assis tants furnished to the lane by the Lien Nelson and BiethJohnson garages were horns windshield mirrors and emergency brakes Lights were also checked on a car given to the person taking his car through the lane In connection with the safety lanr which tested cars only was a laboratory on wheels managed by A D Willcox safety engi neer fof the JoTirisManville com pany which the reaction time of the individual driver Shows Reflex Action This1 truck equipped with a rrisiature street with traffic lights in front of an imitation drivers seat The person being tested applies the brakes when the lights John L Lewis for industrial many fronts Traditional A F of L craft lines were forgotten for the time being in tha battles heat Invasion Is Started Arthur Wharton president of j the machinists union and ordinar ily a staunch defender of organiza tion by craft announced he would issue an industrial union charter to the Chevrolet truck body work ers in Indianapolis This move signaled the start of a new A F of L invasion of the automobile industry Whether this campaign would be left to Whar ton was not made clear Green said he did not know anything about the new charter International officers of the Progressive Miners of America FORECAST IOWA Generally fair Thurs day night and Friday somewhat cooler in extreme southeast Thursday niffht warmer Friday MINNESOTA Generally fair Thursday niffht and Friday somewhat warmer in west and north portions late Thursday night warmer Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 a m Thursday Maximum Wednesday 76 Minimum In Night 56 At 8 a m Thursday 59 Rainfall 34 of an Inch Rain for the third straight day gave Mason City a total of this week FINAL APPEALS FOR PAIR MADE Hatchet MurderNear jury as Sweetheart Accuse Each Other JERSEY CITY N A blue ribbon jury heard Thurs dav the final appeals of Gladys MacKnight 17 and Donald Wightman 19 whowant to es cape the electric chair for the hatchet murder of Gladys mother crime the former sweethearts Marie Littlest of Dionnes Has More Teeth Than Others CALLANDER Ontario Cana dian the littlest of the Dionnes can say to her third quintuplet birthday cake Friday I have more teeth than my sis ters all the tetter to eat you with my Marie has been the weakest of the five little girls since they were born on May 28 1934 She even had an operation to remove a tu mor from her thigh But statistics accounted by Dr Allan Roy Dafoe showed she had 18 teeth one more Ihcin Cecile and two more than Y Emilie and Annette She also has put on a pound in the last month and tips the baby scales at 28 There will be an international KAMSAY Resigns Cabinet Turns Down Earldom PAGE 2 Reasons for Reduction in Hog Receipts Givta PAGE 26 Corn Prices Advance 4 Cents at Chicago PAGE 24 Heavy Damage Done by Iowa Storm One Dead PAGE 14 Matt Cooney Member of Parole Board Dies PAGE 19 blame on each other R Lewis Kennedy addressed Hunt for Girl 9 Lost Since Sunday in Canadian Wilds PELLY CaJ mounted police and scores rivsl to Lewis United Mine Workj of weary farmers and woodsmen ers awaited an expected invita tion to apply formally for an A F C of L charter change ortraffic becomes con gested and the reflex action from the time the light changes until the brake has been applied is registered automatically Tables show the driver how far the car will travel before the driver is able to apply the brake and how far the car will travel alter the been applied The truck was parked on State street near the intersection at Washington avenue at the south westcorner of the This is but one offour such truckssent Thursday pressed through dense underbrush in boglands north of Pelly seeking 9 year old Lena Shkraba missing since Sunday in the trackless northern wilderness Her companion Hazel Machican 7 weakened from lack of food and wearied by three days of wander ing in the swamps was found Wednesday night by a band of In dians enlisted in the Spain May Restore Freedom ofWorship MADRID who usually are well informed report ed Thursday night that the newly out by the JohnsManville isgiving pany in of The serious consideration to the res trucks have toured the United tnrati on of freedom of worship in States and Canada churches of government Spain the jurors first in behalf of the thin lipped high school girl who charged that Donald struck her mother in the kitchen of the Mac Knight home on July 31 1936 Kennedy was expected to ask Judge Thomas F Meaney to REBELS ATTACK BILBAO FRONT Mola Strikes With His Full Force in Attempt to Crush Basques H E N D A Y E FrenchSpanish Frontier Emilio Mola struck with all his force at the loyalist lines south of Bilbao Thursday in arf effort to break through to the Basque capital and end the war on the Biscay bay front Dispatches indicated that the attack was the biggest of the en tire Bilbao operation Massed air radio broadcast Friday with the planes tanks and artillery were quintuplets trying their baby hurled against the loyalist de French on the microphone they fenses in the mountains speak almost no Town Is Destroyed by Collapse of Dam MEXICO CITY Uncon firmed reports reaching here Thursday said the mining town of in the state of Mi choan some 60 miles east by north of Morelia had been destroyed by the collapse of a dam at dawn Girdler Heads Iron and Steel Institute throw out indictments charging first degree murder on the ground that the state failed to prove pre meditation Donalds appeal was made by his attorney George T Vickers who failed Wednesday intwo at tempts to obtain a ver dicC Vickers told the judge that not one scintilla of evidence had been produced that the crime was a willful felonious and malice aforethought Prosecutor Daniel ORegan demanded conviction of both de fendants with as the pen alty The jurors may also bring in a verdict of seconddegree mur der which carries ajpenalty of 30 years oneto 10 years or acquittal There is also the possibility of split verdicts conviction for acquittal for Donald or Donald half sobbing and near collapse was subjected to a force ful cross examination Wednesday which failed to shake his story that he was merely an innocent bystander NEW Girdler YORK chairman Tom M of Republic Steel corporation was Thursday elected president of American Iron and Steel institute Early reports to the frontier were that advance Basque loyal ist units were forced to retire un der an aeriar attack and that they retired to positions deeper in the mountains Nationalists asserted that they took San Pedro hill kill ing 50 loyalists wounding 100 and taking 100 prisoner Molas attacic was prepared by a terrific airplane and artillery bombardment on roads and loyal ist defenses through the entire area south of Bilbao Wednesday Woman Engineer Honored IOWA CITY P Upham second woman to enroll in the University of Iowa mechan ical engineering department was awarded first prize in a contest for the best on a metallurgic subject by a sophomore engineer Spain Accuses Italy of Scandalous Violation GENEVA government tilt ff Thursday Spanish accused Italy of scandalous yior la tion of international principles since the World war in a league of nations white book intended to show the fascist state as a truly belligerent power in vio lation of the league covenant The white book is a compila tion of documents one them purporting to be a secret and most urgent from tlie Italian war office to the corps the The documents allegedly were captured from Italian soldiers fighting on the side of the insurgents in Spain The published Thursday said was guilty of the violation European con tinent since the World war of the principles which are the basisof any juridically organized inter national It added a manner indi cated by the documents repro duced in thewhite Italy has helped to prolongthe war in Spainhas violated article ten of the league has acted as s truly belligerent power C 1 0 SEEKING CONEREFNCE TO SETTLE ISSUES Repercussions Are Seen to Battle of Fists Ford Plant STEEL STRIKES AT A GLANCE By Associated Press YOUNGSTOWN Ohio More than workers idle in five lakes states as C L O effects a strike against three in dependentcompanies for their refusal to sign bargaining con tracts Union claims 100 per cent of Mahoning valley companies say some still st work Philip Mur ray steel union president charges to kill orders is sued by RepublicStael corpor ation citing wounding of Can ton Ohio foreman seeks con ference with company chairman CHICAGO Two Republic plants remain in operation po lice estimating 900 at work j accused by union of acy with steel officials BUFFALO Union declares twothirds of workers idle in area but Republic says all but a few are working COMPANY CHARGED WITH SHOOT TO KILL ORDERS YOUNGSTOWN Ohio The Committee for Industrial or ganization enforced a strike of more than workers in steel plants of five lakes states Thurs day but moved toward peace by requesting a conference withthe head of Republic Steel corpora tion largest of three concerns af fected Philip Murray John L Lewis lieutenant in organizing the steel industry charged Girdler Republics chairman or your subordinates have issued orders to shoot to but sought a meet ing with Girdler to discuss Re publics refusal to meet the C I O demand for a bargaining con tracts Murray cited the shooting of a foreman in Canton and said furthermore your Girdlers private mill policemen admits he was firing from ambush x x x and was trying to shoot down our The policeman was ar raigned in a Canton court today and held for later hearing while tthe man shot was is a hospital No Immediate Statement Spokesmen for Republic in Cleveland said they had no im mediate statement regarding Mur rays telegram The strike which went into ef fect last night crippled steel op erations of the three affected companies in Ohio Indiana Il linois Pennsylvania and New York Fires were banked ingreat fur naces that had been operating for weeks at the highest production rate since 1929 Smoke died down in giant stacks that only a day before had been writing a story of grat prosperity unequaled since the depression InOhios Mahbnihg valley alone workers were idle and thV Steel Workers Organizing Conir mittee claimed a 100 per cent tie up of plants of Republic Steel corporation and Youngstpwn Sheet and Tube vast independent steel producers which have exposed willingness to bargain the C I p affiliate but have insisted signing of a contract would lead to a closed shop v Near Chicago In the Chicago area where 000 were affected the striked order from S Wv O chairman Philip Murray shut down plants of the Inland Steel third of three independents against whichS O C was aiming in its current chapter of the organ izing effort Lewis started withthe signing of a contract by giant U S Steel corporation Fifteen thousand more men were idle in Ohio plants outside the Mahordng valley Republic spokesmen said sev eral of its mills but union leaders countered wittt claims that only only MinorCashes the strikes T WJHI JIE changed u The secondtestwas 7am Thursday time lor anoth sbift change At both cr ;