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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 26, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy World Monetary Talks Called by FR in US MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MAY 26 42 NATIONS GET INVITATIONS TO BE AT PARLEY Morgenthau Will Head American Delegation Session Opens July 1 Washington resident Roosevelt Friday called an inter national monetary conference to meet in this country beginning July 1 to discuss post war fi nancial problems Invitations were issued to 42 countries and the French com mittee of national liberation Fri day morning The conference will be held at Brettoii Woods N II and the American delegation will be headed by Treasury Secretary Morgenthau The official name of he meeting will be the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference The text of thewhite house an nouncement Roosevelt has called an international conference for the purpose of discussing pro posals to meet postwar interna tional problems have been extended to all the united nations and the nations associated with them in the war requesting them to send official representatives to the United States tor the conference which will begin on July 1 The delegates representing the United Stales will be headed by Morgenthau of the treasury The conference is expected to last several All agreements worked out by the conference subsequently will be submitted lo the respective covernments for approval List of governments and au thorities invited to participate in the conferencefollows Australia Belgium Brazil Canada Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Czechoslovakia Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Ethiopia French Committee of National Liberation Greece Guatemala Haiti Honduras Iceland India Iran Iraq Liberia Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zea land Nicaragua Norway Panama Paraguay Peru Philippine Com monwealth Poland Union of South Africa Union of Soviet So cialist Republics United Kingdom Uruguay Venezuela Yugoslavia Presidential Secretary Stephen Karly said other American dele gates beside Morgenthau have not yet been designated Fridays announcement followed a series of conferences which Mr Roosevelt has held with John G Winant ambassador to Great Britain Harry D White monetary expert of the treasury and other specialists in international finance Last month Morgenthau pre sented to congress for informal study broad principles of a pro posed goldbased stabilization fund which would be used to restore international fi nance and promote world trade That outline was agreed to by treasury technicians of 34 nations fuller it Ihc United States would put up around 52300000 000 Great Britain about 51250 000000 and Russia about SI000 0000000 The balance would come from other participating nations Fridays announcement said any international money agreements reached at the conference would be subject to approval by indivi dual governments While the white house an nouncement did not say so speci fically it was learned on high authority the conference also would consider proposals for a 510000000000 world bank for re construction and development At the time he presented the stabilization outline lo congress Morgenthau said that any inter national agreements entered into would be subject to congressional approval or disapproval Local Boy 2 Falls Into Willow Creek Is Drowned Michael Lloyd Zwonilzer 2 year old son of Mrs Llovd Zwonitzer 411 West State drowned at Friday morning in Willow creek near his home The body was recovered from the creek plunged into 3 feet of water take the boy into her arms and climb the steep bank to the street The combination and salvage trucks ot the fire department were called to the scene and a resuscitator was used for 5 min utes until a physician pronounced the little boy dead The body was found in the water immediately to the west of an abandoned garage which stood next to the Zwonitzer home to the west Neighbors said the boy was playing in the garage shortly before and may have fallen through a hole in the back wall in which event he would j have plunged directly into the creek waters Funeral arrangements arc in complete The body was taken to the Palterson funeral home The boys father Lloyd Zwonitzer Waterloo has been notified He and Mrs Zwonitzer have been separated A sister Patricia Ann 4 years old also survives Mrs Zwonitzer and her children have lived here since September mother who 10 DIE WHEN BOMBER FALLS Sioux City Craft Falls on Farm Near An them Sioux City 10 members of the crew of a 4motored bomb er from the Sioux City air base lost their lives Friday morning when the big craft crashed and burned on the Ronald Horn farm about 5 miles southwest of An thon Col George A Blakey station commandant of trie air base said All 10 bodies have been recov Blakejr reported Names of the victims willbe withheld pending notification of next ot kin he said Clelland Yockey a farmer working in a field adjacent to the Horn place saw the crash and immediately reported the accident to officers of the air base by tele M1CHAKL ZWONITZER Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy to Friday night and Satur day Cooler Friday aflcnioon and Friday night Iowa Fair Friday niahl and Sat urday Cooler Friday night Friday night and Saturday Cooler south anci cast portion Friday night IN MASON CITY Maximum Thursday 81 Minimum Thursday night 57 At 8 a m Friday 61 Rain trace YEAR AGO Maximum 49 43 Precipitation 14 phone Three other farmers who were nearby hurried to the scene and tried to make their way through the lames to reach crew mem bers Unable to rescue the fliers because of the fire the 3 helped air base firemen put out the blaze and recover the bodies of the 10 men The 3 farmers are Bernard Meyer Anthon and Hiram Dicks and Ermie Weathers Oto The cause of the accident is not known Colonel Blakey said but a competent board ol army officers is investigating Everett Heuer publisher of the Anthon Herald reported that the bomber crashed about oclock Friday morning and exploded when it nosedived into a clump ot trees near the Yockey farm The craft burst into flames which were extinguished by the air base firemen LYON RAILYARDS ARE BLASTED Air Fleets Hit Supply Line in Rhone Valley London bombei from Italy Friday attacked th Lyon railyards bottleneck fo German supplies through th Rhone valley to soutHefii Franc and kept the allied rairoffcnsiv rolling Tliis Paper Consists ol Two Onfc IT SWANCUn CONVICTED FOR SLAYING OF 4 Death by Hanging Is Recommended at Court Martial in Camp Anza Camp Anza Cal army ourt martial convicted Lt Beau ort G Swancult Friday on harge ol murdering 4 persons in a hooting affray here last March 5 nd recommended that he be Tanged The time and place o the execu ion must be fixed by the presi dent Lt Col Duncan P Frissell ot he court informed Swancutt im mediately after the penalty was announced that a twothirds ma orily of the court was present vhen the verdict was reached and hat all 12 members of the courl vere present when the sentence vas fixed The latter meant that langing was voted unanimously Swancutt charged with murder ng his girl friend and 3 other per sons appeared during the las stages of his trial to be resignec lo his fate When the verdictwas mnounced he showed no sign of emotion AVhen the penalty wa old he likewise appeared unaf fected The court which lias the powei only to recommend judgment wil send a record of its proceedings to Col J K Herbert commanding officer of the Los Angeles port o embarkation Following Herberts review the records will be sent to the army judge advocate general A deal recommendation also requires the signature of the president and a long as 6 weeks might elapse be fore the review reaches this stage No appeal can be taken frorr the courts findings except thi automatic procedure of review Allied Troops Take Cori Roll Nazis Back in Swift Advance Toward Rome NO IM Turks Say 5 Nazi Divisions in Bulgaria MURRAY UR TurKish dis patches said Friday that5 Ger man ALLIED ARMIES JOIN 14 days the troops of the 5th and 8th armies ami those on the Anzio beachhead in Italy have joined somewhere along the Tyrrhenian sea coastal highway as shown on this map The cry was Onward to Rome as the vic torious allies continued thenadvances which covered more than GO miles in 2 weeks The Anzio beachhead established some 32 miles south of Rome last Jan 29 now becomes part of the allied front in Italy at St Etienne 40 miles southwest of Lyon Chambray Grenoble and Nice and the Var river bridge 5 miles southwest of Nice on the French Riviera as well as the yards at Vaise at the northwest edge of Lyon and at La Mouche at the souiheast edge of the city in wide spread operations The raids were carried out while bad weather grounded most planes in Britain Few enemy fighters were en countered an announcement from allied headquarters in Italy said KILLED BY TRAIN Brighton Iowa R Alli son 60 was killed early Friday when struck by a train while guarding the Rock Island railroad bridge over the flooded Skunk river He nad been section fore man for the railroad 16 years Survivors include his widow and several children THEYRE SMILING BUT ABOUT WHATAdolf Hitler gives his Benito Mussolini a warm wel come at a railway station during the latters visit to the nazi chieftain The smiles could be questioned but we are aware it does take less muscular action to smile than to they are both just plain tired The photo received in the Tj S via a neutral source shows Mussolinis serious loss of weight 0 3 v H1310HA warned that the country stands on the brink of catastrophe German troops took over the entire Black Sea coast Balkan sources in Ankara said presum ably in an effort to prevent any allied landing attempts and radio Algiers reported that the command also had seized the Bul garian fleet at Burgas The Germans called their pre cipitate steps in Bulgaria secur ity measures an Ankara dispatch to the United Press said but all signs indicate that it is the equiv alent of occupation similar to that of Hungary At least one of the 5 divisions engaged in occupying telephone exchanges bridges and other key points in Bulgaria was said to hare crossed over the border from Serbia Ankara sources also reported that Christo Kalfoff had succeeded in forming a new government composed entirely of known pro nazis At Moscow the newspaper Izvestia said that the formation of such a government Probe Lashes Ward Store Seizure FR IN ACT DENIED Judiciary Group Scores Rulings of Biddle Washington senate jui dietary subcommittee headed by Sen McCarran de clared Friday President Roose velt had no constitutional or stat utory authority to issue the ex ecutive order under which Mont gomery Ward and companys Chi cago mail order house was seized by armed troops last month The sharplyworded report criti cized Attorney General Biddle who assured tile president he had authority lo issue the order Sec retary of Commerce Jones who called for soldiers to take over the plant and eject Scwell A very Ward board chairman ihe concili ation services of the department of labor the war labor board and the national labor relations board Sen Revercomb RW joined McCarran in the report but the third member of the sub committee Sen McFarland D declined to sign it A special house committee which to Allied Move Into Schouten Isles Soon By J B KRLEGKR Associated Press War Editor Gen Douglas MacArthurs quest for airbascs ever nearer the Philippines moved westward Friday on New Guineas coast and there were signs he was about ready for a 200mile invasion leap the aeriallystrategic Schou GERMAN LINES ARE CRUMBLING BEFORE ATTACK Roccasecca Monte Cairo San Giovanni Among Points Taken Allied Headquarters Naples hThe 5th army captured the own of Cori 7 miles outside the former Anzio beachhead Friday as allied forces rolled the Ger mans back in swift advances to ward Rome The 8lh army hitting a stride in coordination took frowning lloiitc Cairo and the town rJT Roc casccca beyond it in advances north of Cassino allied headquar ters announced San Giovanni on the southern edge of the Liri valley and 4 miles south of Ccprano also was cap ture it The capture1 of Cori Gi miles northeast of Cisterna severed the last enemy communications in the direction of Valmontone for any German troops remaining in the vicinity of the Pontine marshes and placed the 5th army within 8 miles o the Via Casilina high way the route which serves the enemy fighting in the Liri valley The town also is 9 miles due south of Valmontone where the Via Casilina intersects the new last ditch defense line the Ger mans have formed for the final battle ot Rome The seizure of Cori brought under American control the mountain area from where Ger man euns long had covered the beachhead The German radio commenta tor Martin Hallcnslcben in a broadcast recorded in London said German Field Marshal Al bert Kesselring had ordered his troops to give way at the main points of allied pressure in the face of the sweeping might of the kind or amount ordered or refuses to furnish articles or ma terials at a reasonable price The subcommittee observed that it had been unable to find any evidence that the Chicago plant was equipped to manufacture produce or mine any products whatsoever It also asserted thai Biddle was in error when he slated that the president is in possession o an aggregate of powers which are from the constitution and from various statutes which would empower him to take over the Chicago Montgomery Ward facilities The report said Jones should have called upon troops to assist in taking possession of the plant only as a last resort adding That it was not the last resort is shown by the fact that on April 27 the government ten islands Allied troops reached the edge of Martin bays airdrome after overpowering Japanese defenders at Tiijfoam river Its capture seemed imminent on the basis of a MacArthur communique Fri day Mattin bay is opposite cap tured Wakde island off the New Guinea const 110 miles west of Hollamlia and 200 miles east of the Schoutens Biak larger of the 2 Schoulciis suffered another of the air raids which since May 1 have under taken to soften it up presumably for invasion Heavy bombers struck in a night raid at supply and camp areas In addition Noemfoor island 60 miles west of Biak was attacked and 19 parked planes were destroyed there The Schoulens already have taken more air punishment than Wakde underwent befora it was invaded last week Biak is less than BOO miles from enemy bases Russia had delivered an ultimatum to Bulgaria calling upon her to cease her proGerman policies by midnight Thursday night The ul timatum was reported in a Turk ish dispatch to the London Dailv Mail OFFICERS HUNT 2 PRISONERS Flee Algona Camp After Being Caught Algona Authorities prisoner camp near here Friday were still searching for the 2 Ger man prisoners who escaped early Thursday morning after they had been captured at West Bend from an escape the night before They had been placed in the compound guard house of the prison after their capture at West Bend and their 2nd escape occurred before daylight Thurs day One of the men Harri Schipp mann 22 speaks English He has scar on his right hand The other man is Karl Braun 24 Prison authorities took no stock in rumors that the men had help from outside sources in effecting their escape Buy War Bonds and Stamps from your boy Chairman Ramspeck DGa of the house group told a reporter the first week of the hearing had left his position unchanged 1 dont approve of their Montgom ery Ward and companys conduct in defying the government in time of war he asserted The senate subcommittee did not hold public hearings It sent aninvestigalor to Chicago short ly after the seizure Montgomery Ward had declined to abide by a order to keep a CIO union contract in force un til an election could be held lo determine Ihc unions status The union subsequently proved in an election that it represented the majority of employes Fridays report said Biddles letter of April 22 to the president as presumably x x x the impelling force for the issu ance of the executive contained erroneous misleading irrelevant and immaterial state ments and allegations which have tended to confuse rather than lo clarify the facts in the minds of Ihe people of the United Stales Tiie subcommittee said it con s i d e r c d particularly unwar ranted and untenable the con clusion dispute between Montgomery Ward and its em ployes could not be settled with out resort to an executive order The report contended that the presidents power to lake over a plant mine or facility in event of a strike is limited to cases in which the company refuses to Sive the United Slates preference in filling orders refuses to supply 1 That hearings be held Ihe appropriate senate committee to determine 1 whether it would be advisable for the congress to amend the war labor disputes act or the national selective training and service 1S40 as amend ed provide for the enforcement ol war labor board directive ord ers by federal court action upon petitions filed in the federal courts by the war labor board whether it would be advisable for the congress to amend the war labor disputes act to provide for judicial review ot orders of the war labor board and 3 whether it would be advisable for the con gress lo enact legislation provid ing for a priority for judicial pro overwhelm ing odds The first Chinese ad mission Loyang probably was lost came from an army spokesman who said contact with the key rail center had been broken The spokesman Maj Gen C C Tseng said Chinese troops had however widened their breach of the HankowPeiping railroad and had stalled Japanese fightin westward of Loyang AP War Correspondent Tho burn Wianf said that in Ihc fight for Myitkyiua Geii Frank Merrills Marauders were on the citys outskirls battering at Jap massed enemy In routing the Germans from Monte Cairo the 8th army gained dominating mountains north of Cassino An air force spokesman declared conditions were chaotic so far as control of motor traffic is con cerned behind the German lines with the Germans trying to move loiiff lines of reinforcements south ward to bolster the Valmontone line The chaos was produced by al lied strafing and bombing he said Allied troops sweeping around he northern edges of the Pontine narshes also discovered the Ger mans were endeavoring to form new line running southeast from ori toward Pico to protect their long flank extending into the Liri valley Earlier Briday allied headquar ers announced that allied forces fanning out swiftly from the form er beachhead now linked with the main front had captured Cisterna and plunged forward more than 3 miles cutting important roads leading northward and north eastward An allied air force announce ment said fighterbombers rang ing Ihe area behind the battle front Friday derailed trains and destroyed more than 200 enemy motor vehicles and damaged 300 on highways north and south of Rome Swarms of allied planes have knocked out more than 1750 vehi cles in the past 2 days according to allied announcements and then have strafed the resulting traffic jamsand road blocks Consequent ly Ihe Germans have abandoned a great deal ot equipment in the retreat from the Cisterna area it was said On the north the 8th army cap tured Aquino and Piedimonle the ast remaining strongpoints of the cesses and decisions involving fronl Yunnan anese holed up in the major cii crny base Attempts to reinforce the nesiefed Japanese carrisoi beaten back Chinese pushing a 2prong drive enemys oncevaunted Hitler line and Canadian troops won a bridgehead across the Mel fa river in the Liri valley 13 miles west of Cassino Cisterna which had constituted peals from or enforcement of war labor board orders 2 That every department and agency of the government con cerned relations should meticulously avoid merely pro forma findings and make certain in every case that there are in its record facts to support cvcrv finding which it makes in accord ance with law and that each is based on law That in the future each executive order issued by Ihc president of the United States should conlain specific citations by number ot all sections of the constitution of the United States and the various acts of congress upon which the president is rely ing for the statutory and consti tutional authority to issue the ex ecutive order province to of the kingpins of the enemys were ncaring the M1C around the Anzio beachhead port Stihvcll Burma border but still had nearly 100 miles to go British forces continued lo block Japanese forces apparently un willing to concede the Indian in vasion was a failure The Asiatic fighting received support from Maj Gen Claire L Chennaulls airmen who struck in widespread attacks nt Hainan island Thailand IndoChina and along the Yangtze and Yellow rivers in China U S SOLDIER EXECUTED London Wiley Harris of Greenville Ga was hanged Friday for killing a civilian in Belfast The U S army headquar ters announcement did not dis close the place of execution fell Thursday after a savage 4 hour battle in which heavy casu alties were inflicted on the de fenders American infantry and armor had been battering the town for 3 days Southeast of Cisterna the 5th army occupied Littoria Musso linis model town in the ancient Pontine marshes without opposi tion As the Germans pulled back toward their new defenses in the Alban hills allied air forces con tinued to smash their fleeing ve hicles A headquarters announce ment said more than 1750 enemy vehicles had been damaged in the past 48 hours The total of Germans captured since the offensive began 2 rate to more than 12OM led the columns continued to file to ;