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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, May 26, 1943

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 26, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOLXLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS full LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MAY 26 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS of TWO FiCTONS SECTION ONE NO 196 RAF AGAIN RIPS INTO DUESSELDORF 400 Planes Swarm Over Sicily Sardinia and Pantelleria WIPE OUT JAPS IN 1 OF 3 LAST AREAS IN ATTU Yanks Drive Against 2nd Main Position Around Chicagof Harbor WASHINGTON IVi United States troops have wiped out the Japanese position hi Chichagof vui ley one of three major areas hold by he enemy on Attn island the navy announced Wednesday and were reported following up with a drive against a second main posi tion around Chichagoff harbor Army heavyand medium bombers and fishier planes sup ported the continuing assault a navy communique said The planes bombed and strafed enemy positions in the Chifhagof area and started fires The Chichagof valley sector was cleared of enemy forces on Mon day Although there was no report of enemy casualties it was as sumed here that the dwindling Japanese units on the bleak North Pacific isle had again lost heavily and that those which survived the attack fell back upon Chichagof harbor for a final stand with their comrades in the ridge overlooking the narrow coastal plain Navy communique number 390 said South Pacific All dates are east 1 On May 23 the small United States Niagara was attacked by Japanese planes CapeSurvi lie San Cristo bal island Considerable damage was inflicted on the vessel which was subsequently sunk by U S forces after members ot the crew were taken abonrd accompanying naval units 2 On May 24th Avenger Grumman TBF torpedo bomb ers and wildcat Grumman F4F fighters bombed and strafed Japa nese installations at Ringi Cove west of Vila on Kolombangara island Edsel Ford Chief Executive of Company for 24 Years and Henry Fords Only Son Dies DETROIT Edscl Ford the only son of Henry Ford founder of the vast Ford industrial empire died Wednesday at a m at his home at Grosse Pointe Shores a Detroit suburb He was 49 years old The younger Ford who was chief executive of the Ford company or 24 years died from a condition developing from a former stomach malady for which an operation was per formed 16 months iso Undulant fever also was present Eclsel became seriously ill ifl days ago although he had nol been feeling well since he re turned from a trip to Florida about a month ago Although there was an improvement in his condition during the weekend he took a turn for the worse Tues day night His four children were here at the time of his death The three sons Henry Benson and William all of whom are in the armed services had been granted leaves so that they could return to the family estate The daughter Josephine lives here Edset at the time of his death was in the midst of one of his companys greatest efforts an out production of materials On Douglas May 25th SBD dive dauntless bombers and avenger torpedo bombers wildcat fighters bombed and strafed Japanese installations at Rekata bay Santa Isable island Ammunition dumps were ex ploded and large fires were started North Pacific 4 On May 24th United States army ground troops cleared out both sides of Chichagof valley An assault was made by combined northern and southern forces alog the ridge north of the valley and was reported as continuing Assisting the assault were United States army air forces consisting of liberator Consolidated B24 heavy bombers Mitchell North American B25 medium bombers and lightning Lockheed P38 fighters These planes bombed and strafed Japanese positions in the Chichagof area and started lircs Since the Altu action disclosed Wednesday was accomplished Monday the communique left uncertain the military situation on the island at this time NAZIS REPORT ALLIED CONVOY Claim Vessels Passed Strait of Gibraltar By THE ASSOCIATED PRKSS Transocean German propa ganda agency saicl Wednesday in a dispatch dalclincd Algeciras Spain and broadcast by Berlin that n large allied convoy was seen Wednesday morning passing through the Strait of Gibraltar in Ihe direction of the Mediterranean There was no confirmation of this report from allied or neutral sources Transocean which lias issued similar reports in the past in an apparent attcmpl to gain informa tion added Among the ships laden with troops or war equipment was a 50000 ton Cunard liner Anchored at present at Gibraltar are three British aircraft carriers three battleships 12 destroyers and eight corvettes as well as two United States yunboaUs and two British One French one United Stales and three Brit ish transports are lying on the Gibrallar roadsteads to help this country and its allies in the war His father now 79 had done that before him when he was head of the Ford company during World war one It was under Edsels guid ance however that Ford per formed its tremendous conver sion to war production and from its plants How 4encined bombins planes tanks jeeps amphibious jeeps antilank units and much other war equipment Edscl was regarded as one of the leading executives among the worlds industrial leaders de spite the fact that his fathers fame overshadowed him Edsel Ford underwent an op eration for gastric ulcers about u 3rear ago but his recovery from this ailment apparently had been complete and he had been taking an energetic part in the operations of Jhc Ford company on a multi billion dollar war program In addition to his duties as pres ident ot the company the younger Ford was also its treasurer and performed the duties of general manager although that office did not actually exist in the executive setup of the company He was born in Detroit Nov 6 1893 at the time his then more or less obscure completing his first iluobile in a brick barn in D oils Bar ley avenue 3f Educated in the public schools and Detroit university school Ed sel Ford began work in the plant of the Ford company in 1912 After five years of factory work he was elected vice president nnil 1919 after the Ford family had bought out all minority stock holders he made president Besides his automotive interests Edsel Ford was president of the Detroit institute of arts whose col lections he enriched with numer ous notable gifts he was a trustee of the national foundation for in fantile paralysis member of llie national advisory commillcc of the American Red Cross vice presi dent and trustee of Henry Ford hospital director or the Manufac turers National bank of Detroit chairman ofthe board of Detroit University school and president of the Ford foundation which a few years ago initiated a better homes project in suburban Dearborn nol far from the administrative offices and parent factory site of Ihc Ford Motor company Etisel was the only child Henry and Clara Bryant Ford lip was married in llls to Eleanor Lawthian Clay daughlei of a De troit merchant They had three sons and a daughter The eldest son Henry Ford II is a United Stales navy lieutenant junior grade and the second son Ben son is a private in the United States armv pir corps Allhonch his ramnus father ivas the dominating in the huge Ford industrial or ganization Edsel Ford was nn figure head Whenever there were public appearances to be made before senate commit tees or elsewhere Ertsel repre sented the and he wns 1 in fnct as writ as in I Eclccl Foixt iiad many of his I physical characteristics of his PANEL FAVORS PAY BOOST FOR 15 R R NonOperating Workers Included in Move to Correct Inequalities WASHINGTON emer gency board of the national rail way labor panel recommended Wednesday a general increase ol1 fl cents an hour for more than a million of the nations railroad employes The 15 socaMed nonoperating unions involved had asked an in crease of 20 cents an hour with a minimum wage of 70 cents an hour and the union shop The board declined io recommend these proposals The recommendations are not bused on the little steel formula ot the war libor board but the emergency board said we certi fy that the increases arc with in the national stabilization pro graiii The increases said the report arc the minimum noninflation increases ed bond them Henry Ford once observed Edscl has his own mind and his own ideas He knows some h thingsbetter than I do and I know some things better than he does It may have been coincidence or jusl force of circumstances but the major progress of the Ford Motor company dated from the time Eclse Ford became its presi dent and treasurer It was Edsel who persuaded his father to abandon the old Model T car for one with a conventional gear shift during the first World war he had charge of the con struction of Eagle boats tile sub marine chasers lie company un dertook to build on a volume bases He was responsible also for the companys initial venture into aviation in the laic twenties and also developed the Ford companys Mercury model Edsel Ford was a devotee of motorboating automobile racing golf and photography and an nr dcnt baseball fan His annual contributions lo i charily ranged from S500QO up lo more than S150000 In 1925 Edsel and Eleanor Ford contributed 5730000 to match a like sift bv his parents to a local Y M C A building program Two ycurs later they subscribed S4QOOOO to a fund for ihe construction of a womens building in Detroit The emergency boards report no subject to action by the warla SlabiHzation Di Byrnes acting for the president may modify it An executive order provides ihal unless the stabilization Ji rcctor otherwise directs Ihc rec ommendations shall become ef fective M days after ihcy are filed with the president Tlie report estimated the in creases would add about S2U4 100000 to the carriers annual payrolls and added It is the considered judgment of the board that Ihe recom mended uajre increases do not under prevailing circumstances provide a basis for increases in railroad rales or for resistance lo justifiable reductions in such Messina Hit by Heaviest of Air Blows By CARL C CRAXMRR Associated Press War Editor From northwest Africa Tuesday nearly 400 planes again swarmed over the battered islands of Sicily Sardinia and Pantelleria the outer defenses of the Mussolini homeland and delivered their heaviest bomb loads on Messina the Sicilian ferry terminal it was announced Wednesday U 5 liberators dropped 175 tons of bombs on Messina Already it was reported Italy was confronted with a refuses problem similar to that of fallen France in 1940 as Italians sought safety from the bombed centers of the south The Rome communique said Messina was repeatedly attacked and important damage was caused mainly in the center of the town The Italians claimed that 44 of the raiders were shot down at Messina and elsewhere The al lied communiques said thai 11 planes were lost Communiques from Cairo and allied headquarters said a large explosion was set off in the naval base and that the naval oil depot railway sidings the dock area and power station were covered with a blanket ot bombs While warhawks and Mitchells again scorched Pantelleria the little fortified island off Tunisia and paid devastating visits to Terranova Olgia Licata Porto Empedocle Fortoscuso and Bob ba di Falco in Sardinia and diplomatic quarters in Washington speculated on the probable course of invasion of the Italian mainland TARGET areas wore objectives of allied air raids in the Mediterranean theater allied communiques disclosed Targets at underlined cities were attacked in raids which struck hard at Sardinia Pantelleria Sicily and the toe of Italy Reports reaching Switzerland said refu gees were fleeing northward from southern Italy Italian Military Machine Is Deteriorating Madrid Hears Report Nazis Concerned Over Drive to Take The increases would be retro active lo Eeb 1 All retroactive payments would be made in war bonds The recommendations affect 73 classes of employes such as he shop crafts clerks and mainten ance workers Their advcra earnings as of last October were 738 cents an hour the board said Buy War Sav Stamps from carrier boy About half of them received less 1 than 70 cents an hour I Not affected are the switchmen and the four other who actually operate the Irnms They have filed an independent demand for a per cent in Bonds andcrease Hearings in that dispute jwill bch before another cmcr Somc of these sources believed the major allied drive of 1JM3 would be against the Germans and that the Italians would be allowed to slev all year under Ihe mere threat of invasion but others looked for hesc developments 1 Only brief resistance by tiie Italian army 2 Flight of Mussolini lo Ger many 3 Abdication of King VHtorio Emanuele in favor of his 6 year old grandson Prince of Naples 4 U S military administration of the country temporarily An informal invitation for the Italians to adopt some such course was given by Prime Ministei Churchill at a white house press conference Tuesday when he the Italians Would be well advised to get rid of their fascist leaders and Ihrow themselves upon ihe mercy of the allies Other cracks on the moral armor of the Germans and Finns ap peared your GlobeGazette 1 gcncy board in New York on June 7 Weather Report IOWA Slightly cooler Wednes day night with scattered light frost in northwest and north central portions Not much The national railroad labor panel occupies about the same relationship to railway disputes as the war labor board does to all other labor disputes Dr William M Leiserson is the panel chairman lie selects from the panel membership an emer RCHCV board for each dispnle FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Wednes day afternoon becoming cool again Wednesday night not much change in temperature Thursday forenoon fresh to strong winds Wednesday after noon The board in this case was composed of Dr I U Sliarfman Unvcrsity of Michigan economic professor Walter T Fisher Chi cago lawyer and John F Fitch ol change in temperature Thurs1 IHc Xew York school of social day forenoon Moderately strong Columbia university The ULBs little steel formula his afternoon diminish ing Wednesday night MINNESOTA Sliylilly cooler Wednesday night scattered light frost west portion continued cool Thursday forenoon occa sional light rain north portion Wednesday afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazelle weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 49 Minimum Tuesday night 43 At 8 a m Wednesday 46 Rain 14 The frost predicted in this area Tuesday night did not materialize as Ihe sky remained cloudy th wind blew and the nol drop below 4J YKM AGO Minimum Precipitation mercury did 5H 05 permits a costofliving increase of 15 per cent over the waacs paid on or about Jan 1 1341 The non operating employes received an increase of 10 cents an hour in December 1941 For Ihc lowest paid groups such as maintenance of way men the 10 cents was a 28li per cenl increase and they would have no further raise coming under the formula Their minimum is 4fi cents an hour Employes in the higher brackets on the other hand would gel an increase un der Ihe formula because their 10 cent raise in 1941 amounted to substantially less than 15 per cent The unions did not ask lor treatment for ciich occu ia ontl Averted over all classes i occupations the 1941 incn I amounted lo 16 per cent The Berlin radio quoted Rob rrl Wagner German cnulictrr for Alsace and Baden as hintimr at a piircrc of the parly said parly members were ex peeled to scl an example in limes of the heaviest and MCiklints will have io leave our A Finnish broadcast said an al lied landing in Europe this sum mer was almost a certainty and as a result the German campaign 01 the Russian front might be of sec ondary importance with Germany forced lo iiinil iicr objectives in Russia Disnffcclion of another Gcrmai alcllilc Rumania was reporter in dispatches from Ankara whicl said the Germans had promised ti reconsider the status of Transyl vania ceded to Hungary by Fu mania as a result of axi dictattor in order to act the Rumanians to send 18 lo 25 divisions to Russia his summer Tlic Rumanians ivorc reported yielding U German high pressure despite reluctance to suf fer further casualties on Ihe Rus sian front Russian military commentators declared Ihe Germans had nol ye j been able to recover fully from ihe blows inflicted on thcmat Stalin grad along the Don and in the Caucasus but warned it would be a mislakp to think that ilic mili tary might of the Germans has already been smashed and said there wcri a number of of intense Gorman preparation for the summer Fascists Out of War By KMPII FORTE MADRID whole Ital ian military machine is deterio rating rapidly under the heavy al lied aerial bombardment and Germanyisconcerned over ih effectof AngloAmerican propa ganda lo take Italy out of Ihe war reports from France said Wednesday The reports reached Madrid rom neutral diplomatic circles in icliy as he allied command in Vorth Africa stepped up its aerial iffensivc against Italy and her sland outposts and Prime Minister Church ill launched a new prop ganda barrage with a blunt sug gestion Hint Italy give up the trugglu Allied air raids were said be destroying ports railways air fields and forlificattons in Italy Sicily and Sardinia at such a swift pace that the countrys military strength was declining rapidly Great as is the effect of the aii however the Italian were said to fear even more an allied nvasion Reinforcements have een rushed to Sardinia and Sicil because of the belief that the fal of cilhcr would make difficult i not impossible the defense of tin mainland German luftwaffe stiuadroin also have been sent to both island informants said Information ii possession of the Italian genera staff was said lo point to massiv allied preparations for an invnsim of axis Mediterranean bases in eluding both Sicily and Sardinia The German transocean agcnc reported thai the Sardinian poi of Cagliari has been evacuated an a Morocco broadcast said lha Italian civilians also were bcin removed from the rest of th island as well as from Sicily an Italian mainland coastal towns ir eluding muchbombed Rcggi Calabria Another report broad jst by the British radio said ilia ic Italian government has issue decre authorizing the evacuatioi f the tribunals from Rome i ecessory as result of militar perations The Italian newspaper Mrs ivas quoted by the Brit ish radio as telling the people that no defenses however slronf could avert the aliici air attacks V V German concern over Ihc effe ol allied propaganda aimed taly was reflected in a recei itjitement by a Wilhelmstras pokcsman that it was we that Ihc mass of the Ita an people arc not so passionate over fighting a war again ingland and the United States a ermany Air Raid Warden Pleads auilty to Violation of Dim Out Regulation PASADENA Cat Phillip Steinberg plcntlecl guilty to YLO dim out regulations by let ing the lights burn in his fttrni Aire store window and was finer should know better he toHI Jutisc Kenneth C NcxvcII Im the air raid 27 BIG PLANES LOST IN HEAVY RAID ON CENTER Air Offensive Believed Aimed at Eliminating Key Nazi Arms Cities LONDON armada o AF heavy bombers pvobably as rotig as the force which un Kidcd more than 2000 ions of ex losives on Dortmund Sunday ight blasted Duesseldorf Tuesday ight in a continuing offensive ap yrently aimed at obliterating Germanys arms centers one by ne More than five 4000 pound bombs a minute were dropped on during the nigrht attack the air ministry news service announced Eight thou sand pound bombs and thou sands of incendiaries also were showered on the tarpet whose fires glared red through the overcast clouds The news service described the ittacking force as nearly as arge as that which raided Dort mund1 Reports on the full extent of damage inflicted however were delayed because of heavy clouds vlvich made observation over the target difficult Observers estimated that per haps 500 least three quarters of them giantfourmot ored craft capable of carrying a tremendous weight of high ex in the as saull The air ministry communique said the raid on Duesseldorf was carried out in very great strength the same phrase used to describe the attack on Dortmund The text of the communique Tuesday night aircraft of Ihc bomber command wcic over Ger many in very great strength with Duesseldorf as the main objec tive Clouds over the target mndc it difficult to sue Hie full result of the bombing Twentyseven bombers are missing Fighter command aircraft one of which is missing carried out ntrudcr operations over Holland Belgium and France The offensive continued Wed nesday and shortly after noon a stroii force allied planes possibly including bombers sped across Hie chatmcl toward Calais to resume the battering of the axis hchl continent MohawkW Waterloo Ball Game Postponed SPOUTS BUIXCTIN Wednesdays scheduled baseball fine between Mason Cily and West Waterloo has been postponed until Thursday afternoon it was learned late Wednesday morniu Weather conditions forced post ponement Buy War Savings Bomis and Stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy Twentyseven bombers w ere lost in the attack said the an louncemcnt which reported the assuult was carried out very jrcat strength Several other tar gels in Germany also were re ported bombed though Ducssel in the heart of the battered Ruhr was llie objective T It tvas ic second creal at tack on Germany in three nights and save force lo tlic thrnU from the Churchill Utioscvelt conferences that Adolf Millers war power is to be de stroyed alits roots Duesseldorf is situated on the Rhine 2S miles northwest of Co logne and 50 miles southwest of Dortmund which was the target BANK TKESIPEXT DIES NEWTOX dVi Harry Calvin McCandell 70 president of the Newton National bank and the Wind Power Manufacturing coin pany d cd a a hospital Tuesday of a hear ailnicn He was a former presicicnl of llie Iowa I Ms anufacturers association ;