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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archives

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 25, 1961, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for tht Homt MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE HOME EDITION VOL W The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors Associated and United Press International Full Lease Wires MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MAY 25 1961 7c Copy Paper Consists of Four SectionsSection No 1M Retail sales set record here in 60 Mason Citys retail merchants during 1960 hit a new alltime high in dollar volume of sales The sales tax figures released by the Iowa State Tax Commission show a total of for the year Previous high was in 1957 according to the sales tax collections The volume dropped to in 1958 and then rose to in 1959 The sales tax figures show definitely the 1958 national reces sion was reflected in Mason City with a nearly g per cent drop in business as compared with 1957 I IfYlO 1C In 1960 howeverwith the gov I 11 I IW Id eminent showing great concern over the recession in the indus lit trial east Mason City showed ripe for t Negroes Government backing heips By JAMES MARLOW WASHINGTON Negroes efforts to end segregation in the South through direct but passive action such a sitins and bus rides by Negroes and white The 3 per cent gain in business com pared with 1959 Sales lagged slightly behind 1959 in the third quarter but re bounded in the Christmas quar ter Here are the sales tax col lections by quarters for the two years with separate figures for motor vehicle sales 1959 Retail Cars 1st 326383693 2nd 31368582 3377894 3rd 32588985 2874764 4th 33860322 2797083 1960 2nd 32317567 pathizersraises a haunting ques tion Would this country be closer to total desegregation if a quarter century ago Negroes had begun their present tactics instead of deciding on the long slow road through the courts This writer thinks no FOR THIS REASON The psy chological climate wasnt right Neither was the circumstances 1 Africa was still a collection of European colonies Only in re cent years have African Negroes begun to assert themselves and gain independence This gave en couragement to Negroes every where to fight directly for their rights 2 The United States seeking to lead the nonCommunist world is made selfconscious every time is an antiNegro outburst in this country 3 The Supreme Court decisions against segregation have splil Southerners thinking even of those who may favor segregation but realize there can be only anarchy if the courts rulings are ignored or violated 4 The courts rulings coming one at a time over years have conditioned both the country and the South into realization that segregation had to end 5 THE COURT itself more than 60 years ago had approved seg regation and considered it consti tutional so long as segregated Negroes got treatment equal to that given whites They did not of course But with the Supreme Court on the side of segregation Negroes were handcuffed Any demonstra tions could have been suppressed on the ground they were violating state segregation laws The gov ernment could have done little or nothing to help until the Supreme Court reversed itself 6 Now the situation is different With the court throwing out vari ous Southern segregation laws the federal government can back up Negroes protesting segrega tion as it did in Little Rock and on the buses BACK IN THE 1930s the Nation al Association for the Advance ment of Colored People instead of direct action began a fight step by painful step through the courts to have segregation de1 clared unconstitutional Bit by bit the NAACP lost its role as the almost exclusive champion and spokesman for Ne groes Other Negro groups came into existence determined to fight faster and more directly against all forms of desegregation This is particularly true among Southern Negro students who took the nonviolent but still direct ac tion of picketings and sitins The first big example of the new policy came about six years ago in Montgomery Ala There Negroes put on economic squeeze on the whitedominated city by boycotting the buses New Negro leaders operating outside the NAACP emerged like the Rev Martin Luther King who leads the bus boycott AUTRY ARRESTED NORTH HOLLYWOOD Calif W Former cowboy singer Gene Autry arrested on a drunken driving charge was freed Wed nesday on bail S3412721 3178222 32410787 2915689 36031772 3050029 tax on both retail sales and on new cars and trucks is 2 per cent of the total It conse quently is considered an exad barometer of business volume Minnesotans set clocks ahead Sunday ST PAUL M i n n UPD Minnesotans will lose an hour of sleep this weekend when the state changes over to daylight saving time The shift from standard to daylight times comes at 2 am Sunday Minnesota then will be on the same time basis as Wisconsin jbut an hour ahead of the other neigboring states of Iowa North Dakota and South Da kota The Weather North Iowa Considerable cloudi ness with occasional showers or thunderstorms ending Thursday evening becoming partly cloudy Friday Cooler lows Thursday night 3845 Highs Friday 6063 Iowa Considerable cloudiness with scattered showers and thunderstorms east and south Thursday night cooler lows up per 30s northeast to the 40s southwest Partly cloudy and cooler Friday highs near 60 northeast to 65 southwest Fur ther cloudy and cool Saturday Minnesota Fair cooler Highs i Friday in 60s j Globe Gazette weather data up to 8 am Thursday Maximum Minimum Precipitation Sunrise Sunset Photofax WEDDINGS IN THE NEWS Bernard Wolf 56 and a 6footer stands with his bride singer Tiny Dollita 3 feet8 inches after their San Francisco marriage top At left is Judge Clarence Mor ris and at right is bestman Nate Cohn Tiny wore slacks because I would look too conspicuous in a wed ding gown Below Bavarian Prince Johann George escorts his bride Swedens Princess Birgitta as they leave the wedding room in Stockholms Royal Palace They will be united in a church ceremony in the Princes hometown of Sigmaringen Germany on May 30 Toeterville mother burned while saving son from fire TOETERVILLE M r s Dean Hoffman was able to rescue her son Jodie 2V from a burning barn Wednes day but is hospitalized in Mitchell County Memorial Hospital Osage in serious condition with burns over most of her body Mrs Hoffman and her sons Dale 5 and Jodie had just returned from taking din ner to her husband in the field Dale came into the house and told his mother the barn was on fire and Jodie was in side Mrs Hoffman ran through flames and was burned while searching for the child She found him huddled in a corn er of the hay mow He was not harmed The barn on the farm 3Vfe miles north of here was de stroyed with hay milking equipment and two calves The Lyle Volunteer Fire De partment was called but was unable to save the building The origin of the fire has not been determined No esti mate has been made on the loss It was partially covered by insurance N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Photofax SPEED RECORD The X15 rftcket plane with Joe Walker above at the controls Thursday set still another speed record for winged air craft He jacked the craft up to 3370 miles an hour 300 mph better than the previ ous mark set by the same craft in April Us ultimate goal is 1000 miles an hour and an altitude of 100 miles So far it has gone 32 miles high Living costs hold steady WASHINGTON The Labor Department re ports that living costs held steady in April at their record high but takehome pay of factory workers and its buying power improved for the second straight month French release rebels EVIANLESBAINS France French officials hoped that release of Algerian rebel fighters and Moslem refugees would quicken the pace of the Al gerian peace talks ik Suggesfs unions merge WASHINGTON A White House commission recommended that pilots and flight engineers unions settle a fiveyearold airline dispute by merging It also recommended a gradual reduction in the size of jet crews from four to three men Loos conference quiet GENEVA Secondstring delegates went through the motions of an international conference on Laos but it looked as if they could make small progress until President Kennedy sees Premier Khrushchev next month Hussein takes British bride AMMAN Jordan King Hussein of Jordan 25 married the British girl of his dreams for whom he had risked his government She became his bride but not his queen The monarchs wedding to Toni Gardiner 20 daughter of a British army colonel was a break with Jordans past billion more sought by JFK to grab lead in space 10 more of riders arrested Gunfire at Montgomery JACKSON Miss ffl jitegrationists Thursday turned a deaf ear to U S Atty Gen Robert F Ken ledys plea for a coolingoff Deriod on integrated bus rips into Alabama and Mis sissippi Negro leaders vowed theyll ncreasc efforts to crack bus segregation in the Deep South despite the jailing of freedom by police in this Mis sissippi capital city of 150000 Two buses carrying 27 free dom 25 Negroes and two whites pulled into Jackson four hours apait Wednesday ac companied by bayonetwielding Mississippi men National Guards CITY POLICE officers ring ing the bus terminal arrested the 27 when they walked into the white rest rooms The freedom riders remained in jail in lieu of bail each Another group of freedom rid ers was arrested Thursday when they had coffee in the white waiting room a I the bus terminal in Montgomery Ala The racially mixed party com posed of four white college pro fessors and six Negro stu dents had planned to board a bus at noon for Jackson Alabama Gov John Patter son warned in advance that they would be arrested if they made such an attempt The two groups jailed at Jack son and the third party all plan o end their trips in New Or eans which has virtually no segregation in city bus termi nals When each bus stopped at the MississippiAlabama border Wednesday the Alabama troops got off and were replaced by Mississippi National Guards men National guard reconnais sance planes and helicopters followed each bus throughout he entire trip ALSO AT Montgomery Ala meanwhile a Negro leader the Rev Solomon Seay said he was hot in the wrist by a group of vhjte teenagers in a passing ar Atty Gen Kennedy an nounced that he has ordered withdrawal of all but 100 of the US marshals now stationed in labama He said local and tate law enforcement officials ow appear to have under con rol the situation arising out of ie freedom riders tour On the inside Editorials Page 4 North Iowa News 6 Comics 10 Society News 11121314 Sports isu Clear Lake News 18 Mason City News 2021 Latest Markets 21 CRASH VICTIM CORRECTIONVILLE W Kent Bruene 7 was killed Thursday in an accident involving a car and a loaded gravel truck near the intersection of old Highway 20 and Highway 31 here Ataglance Highlights of President Kennedys special address to Con gress THE CHALLENGE The United States is engaged in a long and exacting test of the future of freedom which may well continue for decades to come The great battleground for the defense and expansion of freedom is the whole southern half of the Latin America Africa and the Middle East PROGRESS AT HOME The recession has been halted Recovery is under way But longterm unemployment remains a problem To fight this and maintain progress unjustified price and wage increases must be avoided PROGRESS ABROAD The United States must grasp the great opportunity of help ing underdeveloped societies overcome economic misery which leads to Communist subversion A request was made for million as a presidential contingency fund which can be used in emergencies such as those which have just arisen in South east Asia SPACE The space program should be stepped up to put a man on the moon and return him to earth before 1970 million sought for this An additional S23 million sought for develop ment of the rover nuclear rocket which could explore beyond the moon More money sought for communications and weather satellites KHRUSHCHEV A meeting was sought with the Soviet premier to show U S determination both for peace and to protect its own security No formal agenda planned and no negotiations will be under taken SACRIFICES The American people must be willing to pay the price for the programs by meeting tax levels using selfrestraint in seeking wage and price increases striving for excellence in schools cities and physical fitness joining Civil Defense and practicing democracy at home in all states with all races ASIA It is essential that Congress grant the U S Information Agency million for additional radio and television in Latin America and Southeast Asia Communist China now does more public information broadcasting in the Western Hemisphere than the United States does and this must be overcome ALLIANCES NATO must be strengthened with increased conventional forces and a strong nuclear deterrent including the offer of five Polaris submarines Congress was requested to provide billion for the military assistance program to strengthen the defenses of other nations U S ARMY The secretary of defense has been instructed to reorganize and modernize the army by increasing its nonnuclear fire power and improving its tactical mobility million sought for new equipment including helicopters and howitzers Ex pansion was ordered in the armys ability to fight sublimited or conventional wars The reserve is to be strengthened MARINES million sought to increase marine corps strength to 190000 men Princess Margaret expects baby in fall says palace PRINCESS MARGARET LONDON W Princess Mar garet is expecting her first baby in the fall Kensington Pal ace announced Thursday The child will be fifth in line of succession to the throne Princess Margaret and An thony ArmstrongJones then a society photographer became engaged in 1960 and were mar ried a little over a year ago Maj John Griffin press sec retary to the royal household said Princess Margaret and her husband are delighted Margarets pregnancy like her engagement to Armstrong Jones was one of the best kept secrets of the year A special message to Congress More money for arms FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES WASHINGTON Presi dent Kennedy personally placed before Congress Thursday a freedom doc trine calling for vast new federal spending including to billion to seize space leadership and put a man on the moon by 1970 In his special message on what he called urgent nation al needs Kennedy told a joint session of the House and Sen ate and the nation that the United States faces an extra ordinary challenge requiring new measures of hardship and sacrifice There must be additional ef fort and selfrestraint by all cit izens including steps to hold down on unjustified wage and price increases the President said in his nationally televised and broadcast address TO CARRY OUT his recom mendations the President sought almost billion in new funds This would involve added federal expen ditures of S724 million in fis cal 1962 and send the feder al budget defi cit to S35 bil lion But the President said in his message that he was not requesting add i t i o nal KENNEDY taxes to fi Couple splits uparid so does their house GALVESTON Tex R E Jones and his exwife Margaret are a divorced over the past weekend and has moved his half three feet away from her half couple who really know how to The edges are kind of SAME Black Flat Means Traffic Death rail 21 Houri make a property settlement Right down the a handsaw Thats the way they split up their house Each lives in one side of it They were divorced in 1953 and tht judge told them to di vide things equally But they decided to postpone it until their five younger children were reared Jones 62 built the 18by39 foot house in 1942 Margaret and I sat down and talked it over he said It was her idea to cut the house in half He said it took him several weeks to get it cut apart but he finished it rough now Jones said Im going to start closing up the sides this weekend We felt we were too old to be out looking for a new place to live and this was the only way to reach a settlement without selling the house They are still friends and speak to each other like neigh bors She comes to his side of the house whenever she wants to use the telephone Is there a chance they can settle their differences We wont have far to go to get back together Jones said nance the requests The additional to S9 billion Kennedy said would be needed o put an American astronaut n the moon and bring him back vould be spent over the next ivc years His was an extraordinary second report on the tate of the Union delivered al nost on the eve of the Presi ents departure for momentous onferences abroad SPEAKING OF the objective f landing a man on the moon jand returning him safely to the earth a project some experts believe may require 9 or 10 years the President said Let it be clear that I am ask ing the Congress and the coun try to accept a firm commit ment to a new course of action a course which will last for many years and carry very heavy an estimated billion additional over the next five years If we were to go only halfway or reduce our sights in the face of difficulty it would be better not to go at all The President committed the nation to take a clearly leading role in space a blunt notice to the Soviet Union that this country intends to make a contest of the race to the moon and planets FOR WHILE we cannot guarantee that we shall one day be first we can guarantee that any failure to share this effort will make us last The message called for a sweeping reorganization of mili tary combat poxver an increase in the Marine Corps and a build up of the land and air weapons needed for brush fire wars and paramilitary guerrilla operations Under his reorganization pow ers Kennedy announced the re sponsibility for civil defense will assigned to Secretary of De fense Robert S McNamara The present OCDM will be reshaped nto a small staff agency icrving the White House and its itlc will be changed to the Of ice of Emergency Planning ;