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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 25, 1951, Mason City, Iowa North Doily Newspaper MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE TMI MIWSPAMR THAT MAKIS AIL NORTH IOWAMS NII6NIOHS HOME EDITION VOL LVH FuJU Wlrct CcnM MASON CITY IOWA FttlDAY MAY 25 1951 Paper Consllta of Two HBomb Hinted a Success Initial Test Is Indicated Br FIANK CABEY WMhlncUn JP The States hinted Friday it has made first tests of some kind of a hy drogen of a baby bomb variety and said they were successful The language of the announce ment was guarded But it seemed to indicate that this nation is at least well on the way to perfect ing the most powerful weapon the world has ever known A Contribution Annnouncing that a series of atomic tests had been success fully carried out at the super secret Eniwetok proving grounds in midPacific the atomic energy commission and the defense de partment in a joint statement de clared The test program included ex periments contributing to thermi nuclear weapons research Thermonuclear weapons means hydrogen bombs There was nothing in the an nouncement to indicate wheth or not a hydrogen weapon of an appreciable size had been deto nated But it is reasonable t speculate that at least a sma amount of hydrogen material wa wrapped around a regular A bomb of the uranium or pluto nium type An Abomb would be necessar to provide the tremendous hea necessary to set off a hydroge fusion reaction No Limitations But if such a process were car ried out successfully with eve a small amount of hydrogen ma terial the way then conceivabl would be opened to producing hy drogen bombs of any size an power desired within the limits o engineering and availability materials There has been unofficial spec illation that the triggering pro provide the initial hea be the toughest nut t crack in developing the Hbomb Joint Force The announcement said The atomic energy commissio and the department of defens Friday notified President Truma that a program of atomic weapon tests has been successfully car tied out by joint task force 3 a the commissions proving groun at Eniwetok atoll Lieutenant General Elwood I Quesada USAF JTF3 composed of personnel from th AEC army navy air force an from educational and industria organizations Dr Alvin C Graves of the Los Alamos scientific labor atory is scientific deputy com mander of JTF3 As previously announced tes activities at Eniwetok are unde security restrictions including those of the atomic energy act In formation obtained from research on nuclear detonations themajo purpose of the tests is secret In furtherance of the presidents an nouncement of Jan 31 1950 the test program included experiment contributing to thermonuclear weapons research Several Information on several projects in fields of biology medicine and radiology will be declassified and provided to appropriate agencies of the government when results have been analyzed and evaluated The program also included com prehensive measurement of bias and thermal effects on structures aricraft and various other items Much of this data will be declassi fied for use by both the depart ment of defense and the federa civil defense agency The data ob tained include additional informa tion of primary military value in the field of weapons effects General Quesada and Dr Graves will return to Washington in a few weeks to report to the department of defense and AEC The commission will continue to use the Eniwetok proving ground and the area will remain closed to unauthorized persons Will Ask 15c Wage Hike of Oliver Charles City 15cent general hourly wage increase will be asked of the Oliver Corpora tion by the United Electrical Workers in wage talks scheduled to begin Thursday The announcement was made Friday by Charles Hobbie Swisher International UE repre sentative Hobbie said a company union meeting also has been for next Friday Other demands of the union Hobbie said include inequity Increases faster progression for new employes to maximum pay rates and triple time for all holi days worked The talks are scheduled under i wage reopening provision of fee twoyear contract signed last Ally 20 AP Wirephoto WHY WARS GET WON at their Andrews Field Md home until they can replace the picture with the real thing are the pretty wife and 3 sons of Capt James 0 Roberts Jr 27 of Washington a jet fighter pilot in Korea Mrs Roberts 26 says her husband has finished at least 30 missions has downed one enemy MIG and damaged one Lee is 13 months Michael right years and Jimmy 5 Whitney Challenges Bradley Arguments New York aide to Gen Douglas MacArthur challenge Gen Omar Bradleys senate com mittee testimony that a gap in he Korean battle lines last win ter stemmed from faulty Mac Arthur strategy The aide Maj Gen Courtney Whitney said in a dictated state ment Thursday night that there was no gap in the sense report edly described by Bradley in his closing testimony Thursday before senators probing MacArthurs ouster from the far east command Bradley said MacArthur was warned twice by the Pentagon las fall to close the gap separating he 8th army and the 10 corps in Korea The 10th corps was en circled by the Chinese commu nists winter offensive and finally escaped with heavy losses First Hand Whitney said it was apparent11 hat Bradley spoke without firsi hand knowledge of the terrain and added During 11 months of the war e Bradley has never visited he Korean battle area which dif ers materially from anything he has personally experienced Whitneys statement also said It is quite apparent from leneral Bradleys testimony as eported by the Associated Press hursday afternoon that he was iqt familiar with the tactical situ tion existing in Korea or that his memory had badly betrayed him At the time the Chinese en ered the war the 10th corps was cting as an enveloping force gainst the remnant of the North forean forces deployed in front f the 8th army Upon develop ment of the Chinese attack the vithdrawal of the 10th corps be ame clearly indicated and such peration was under way by Gen ral MacArthurs orders long be ore the directive of the joint hiefs of staff to which General refers No Single Line Prior to the Chinese attack the th army and the 10th corps were ntegral units functioning with heir own supply lines but not orming a single line of battle On the right of the 8th army onstituting its right wing were ur South Korean forces The Chi ese armies split because of the resence of the 10th corps on their ank and hit the 8th army at he junction between the Ameri an and South Korean troops outing the South Koreans and ausing the withdrawal of the en re line The withdrawal operations fol wing the Chinese attack were nong the most skillful ever ex cuted and received the highest ommendation from Washington osses were relatively or instance than in the month of eptember during our victorious ctions at Inchon and the Pusan erimeter as General MacArthur as previously pointed out Any other disposition of our rces in a vain effort to hold a ecessarily thin continuous line cross the peninsula would have wcatened the destruction of our ntire army and unquestionably ould have resulted in much eavier casualties The joint chiefs of staff were illy and daily informed of the 79 Yanks Freed Photographer Noel Believed Alive Central Front Korea ffi Nineteen Americans who were im prisoned with Associated Press Photographer Frank Noel in North Korea said Friday he was alive and well in March They assume he is in a Chinese communist prison camp in North Korea near the Manchurian bor der The 18 marines and one GI were rescued Friday in Chunchon They were captured in November and December Noels still in Korea Im cer tain of that said one marine The marines said they were im prisoned with Noel at Kanggye 24 miles south of the Manchurian sorder from Christmas day until March 2 or 3 Then he was marched with them and other POWs south to Pyongyang the North Korean capital About March 7 Noel and the of the group was sent back north The 19 were marched south They were told Noel and the arge group of POWs were going to a permanent prisoner of war camp near the Manchurian bor der They didnt know whether it was the camp at Kanggye 3rd American Air General Replaced Tokyo 3rd American air commander who served under GenDouglas MacArthur has been replaced the far east air forces disclosed Friday Brig Gen Robert H Terril vas named commander of the far east bomber command succeeding BrigGen James E Briggs who will return to the U S for re assignment Chicago Selected by Democrats Denver fP The democratic national committee voted Friday to hold its 1952presidential nom inating convention in Chicago William M Boyle Jr chairman of the national committee was authorized to fix the date ex pected to be the week of July 21 weeks after the republicans pick their nominee in the same city Chicago offered to match a 5250000 expense fund posted bj Philadelphia which bid unsuccess fully for the convention Philadelphia also had offered fringe benefits in addition to the check which would have the ef fect of making its bid The democrats specified tha Chicago must put up half the fund by next Dec 1 and the re mainder by March 1 1952 Allies Cross Parallel 38 in Two More Sections Test to Tell of Student Deferment Princeton N J 3hour test Saturday may determine whether 175000 students through out the nation will stay in col lege or shoulder a gun Deferments until Aug 20 have been authorized for an estimatec 500000 draftage collegians to permit them to take the examin ation either Saturday June 16 June 30 or July 12 Midnight Friday night is the deadline to apply for the test on the last 3 dates The tests will be given in more than 1000 centers across the coun try Scores will be sent to local draft boards within a month after the exams to use along with college grades in deciding who will serve jest in the classroom or in uni orm during the present emergen cy Students will have to ask their ocal draft boards for their marks The Education Testing Service of Princeton will administer the exams for selective service A spokesman for the ETS said the est was designed solely to check on ability to tackle college work Questions will be on the multiple choice type with the student ask ed to pick the best answer to a given problem J Although selective service has eft final decisions up to the local joards it has suggested these standards to guide them on defer ments 1 Seniors should be permitted o finish their college education 2 Seniors who wish to go to graduate school should be in the upper half of their class or score 5 in the test 3 Freshmen should be in the upper half of their class or score 4 Sophomores should be in the upper twothirds of their class or core 70 5 Juniors should be in the up per threefourths of their class or core 70 About ctical operation and the basic ans movements and dispositions nd I know of no objection they nt to Tokyo concerning the me The WEATHER Mason City Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday with a few widely scattered brief showers Low Friday night 48 High Saturday 75 owa Partly cloudy Friday nighj with some widely scattered brief showers Low Friday night 5055 northwest 5763 south east Partly cloudy Saturday with brief widely scattered showers in east and south por tions High Saturday 7080 Southwesterly winds 2025 MPH on Saturday Further cloudy Sunday copier Sunday night Monday fair and dry Showers again about Tuesday and Wednesday Minnesota Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday A few scat tered light showers Friday Cooler Saturday Low Friday night 4247 northwest 4855 southeast High Saturday 6772 northwest 7278 southeast GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Friday May 25 Maximum 80 Minimum 56 At 8 a m 66 Precipitation 01 Body of Northwood Soldier to Return Washington depart ment of defense announced Fri day that the bodies of 420 Ameri cans who died in the fighting in Korea are being returned to this country aboard the Bartlesville Victory scheduled to arrive in San Francisco Friday The bodies will be sent with an escort to the point designated by each individual next of kin the department of defense said The list included Army Sgt Alfred O Hove next of kin Robert J Hove North wood Bundle Omaha Nebr Omaha husband was on his way to a relief agency with a box of cloth ing when his wife caught up with him He had taken all the familys summer clothes boxed for stor age by mistake NORTH KOREA STATUTI MNIS AP WIrephoto ALLIES STAGE OFFENSIVE Black arrows show where allied troops are pursuing fleeing communists in what Lt Gen James A Van Fleet UN ground com mander called an allout offensive Except for stiff opposition on the central and eastcentral front white the allies found only rear guards as they punched out gains of 2 to 6 miles alongthe entire front In the east UN armor forged a bridgehead nearly 4 miles north of parallel 38 Gen Collins Says Mac Broke Military Order Washington J Law on Collins testified Friday thai ten Douglas MacArthur violated military orders by sending U S roops to the Yalu river marking he border between Manchuria md Korea He said MacArthur had a clear ut directive that he was not to imploy troops other than South Koreans close to the frontier Collins army chief of staff made that contention to senators nquiring into MacArthurs dis nissal and told them also that he lad thought it might be necessary o remove MacArthur even before he learned President Truman was considering it A Necessity As to sending U S troops to the Border Collins said When we asked him challeng ng his doing this he said he did it Because of military necessity By we Collins meant himsell and the other members of the oint chiefs of top mili ary command in Washington Collins said the joint chiefs die not countermand MacArthur on he troops since the action hac already been taken But he called it a specific ex ample of a violation of military Tders Presumably Collins referred to he November 1950 offensive vhich drove to the banks of the Yalu The transcript of his testi mony gave no date Secretary of Defense Marshall nd Gen Omar N Bradley chair man of the joint chiefs of staff arlier witnesses at the inquiry lad testified they knew of no mili ary orders having been violated y MacArthur Several senators expressed liemselves during a luncheon re ess as not satisfied with Collins iatements in that respect They ndicated they would press him further about it Collins backed up both the dis missal of MacArthur and the ad ministrations Korean war strategy Collins told senators a new and secret plan of campaign for the Korean war is being mapped by the Pentagon New Directive He declined to discuss it but said a definite new directive will be issued shortly On the war itself he told the senators we are quite convinced that Russians are of the Chinese red planes He also said 1 Equipment captured from the Chinese is mostly Russian 2 The Chinese suffered tre mendous casualties in their spring offensive 3 The red Chinese are now in pretty complete retreat along the front Collins testimony that he had believed MacArthur might have to be relieved came under ques tioning from Senator Saltonstal The senator said he had gathered Collins had not con sidered it before he was notifiec that Mr Truman had it in mind Collins replied that he had no as a formal matter at all but that mentally I had Britain Will Send 4000 Paratroopers to Mid East By K C THALER London announced Friday that 4000 paratroopers will be sent to the middle east within 10 days because of unset tled conditions there The 16th para troop brigade prob ably will be stationed in Cyprus only a little more than 500 miles from Iran whose government has just nationalized Britishowned AngloIranian Oil company over British protests The official announcement said the brigade would travel to the middle east in the carriers Warrior and Triumph and troopship De vonshire to reinforce the garrison there It gave no other details But Hher sources said Gen Sir Brian Robertson commander in chief in the Mediterranean probably would send the brigade to Cyyrus An official said the brigade would have aircraft available for training at its destination and will be fully equipped in other re spects Although the brigade has been alerted for more than a week the announcement of its impending de parture followed by only a few hours Irans ultimatum to the AngloIranian Oil company giving it one week in which to appoint representatives to discuss the gov ernments takeover of the com panys installations If the company fails to comply with the ultimatum the Iranian announcement said the property will be seized immediately However Britain was reported in a mood for compromise Top members of the labor government were believed drafting an an nouncement accepting in principle nationalization of the company provided Iran compensates the owners and offers Britain future use of oil production State Doctor Soys Beckwith Not Insane Waterloo for the prosecution and the defense were scheduled to make their closing statements to the jury here Fri day afternoon in the retrial of Edward J Buddy Beckwith on a murder charge in the slaying of Mrs Irma Jean Stahlhut The state rested its case shortly aefore noon Friday after calling 7 witnesses for rebuttal testimony Defense lawyers asked for a directed verdict of acquittal but were overruled by District Judge Shannon B Charlton One of the state witnesses heard rriday morning was Dr Wilbur R Miller director of the Univer sity of Iowa psychopathic hos pital Dr Miller testified that he had examined Beckwith twice on July 7 1949 and again within the past two weeks He said that during his examination of Beck with the defendant showed little emotion and no appearance of guilt Dr Miller testified that when Beckwith was examined the first time he found no evidence of mental disease and assumed there was none on June 22 the day of the slaying explaining that traces of mental disease would have been found if they were present Beckwith told him the doctor said that his sex urge had been aroused early on the day of June 22 and that he had taken along a knife for purposes of making Mrs Stahlhut submit to him The doctor also said Beckwith told him he had had 14 or 15 glasses of beer that day General Sees No Limit to Pursuit of Enemy By OLEN CLEMENTS Tokyo tanks and troops Friday slashed across the 38th parallel at two more points in their officiallydes ignated allout offensive to hunt down the battered and re treating communists The new crossings kept up the pressure on the reds who already were battling an allied spearhead now thrust 4 miles into North Korea on the eastcentral front Field dispatches said the new crossings were made on the western front north of Seoul and on the central front northwest of Chunchon Both these tankinfantry teams withdrew to South Korea by nightfall The 38th parallel means nothing to me said Lt Gen James A Van Fleet commander of the U S 8th army He showed he meant it by crossing into red Korea him self Van Fleet visited a tank and infantry task force It was sitting solidly as a huge road block north of the border astride the reds escape route from the eastcentral front He said his armys tactics of pursuing the reds into their own territory was a gamble but is paying off The 8th army is in an allout Trouble Seen for Billion Aid Program Foreign Aid Plan Faces Rough Course By WILLIAM F ARBOGAST Washington Tru mans new stop communism foreign aid prograrr seemed certain Friday to face a rough course in congress But the initial opposition which steamed up Thursday when the president outlined the vast mili ary and economic help program may cool off by the time voting starts probably in midsummer Much too big said Rep Ben Tensen who suggested offhand that the program coulc be trimmed to not more than 000000000 Views Shared Other influential republicans privately said they shared Jen sens views but withheldpublic comment Administration democrats were wary of comment Their views coincided generally with those of Chairman Richards DS Car of the house foreign affairs committee The presidents program will receive the minute scrutiny that t warrants Richards told news men Richards wouldnt express his personal views of the programs merits but some of his demo cratic colleagues thought the pro sosal was too ambitious However the eader pointed administration to Thursday house vote and last weeks senati vote favoring a food loan to India as indicative of congressional sen timent for continued foreign aid The India Aid Indiaaid bill providing tor a loan to help ndia buy grain products to com bat famine was in a senatehouse conference following its 293 to 94 approval by the house Among the things the conferees must compromise are 1 A senate by the require the eco nomic cooperation administra ion EGA to try to get from In dia in exchange for the grain substantial quantities of man ganese and monazite sand poten ially useful iri atomic energy iroduction 2 Another senate provision not onsidered by the house setting side part of the loan interest for ducational and cultural work in ndia 3 A house requirement that the rain or other food be purchased n the United States 4 A house provision that at east half of the food be trans orted to India in American ships A bipartisan vote put the bill hrough the house after 4 days of ebate Only 36 democrats and 58 epublicans voted against it The same bipartisan support vas counted on to save the new oreignaid program with its 50000000 for military assistance nd for economic id for noncommunist areas It vould cover the fiscal year start ng July 1 SAVED CHRISTMAS TREE Chicago Jocph Sc leski decided Friday that her son Donald wouldnt be home from Korea soon so she took down the family Christmas tree Waterloo Physician Killed on Highway DCS 3Ioincs Waterlooj hysician was killed early Fri day in a cartruck crash and fire west of the city limits here The Iowa highway patrol iden tified the victim as Dr Richard L Robert son of John J Robert a Waterloo druggist and city coun cilman offensive Van Fleet said Con siderable progress has been made Field dispatches told of open flight of Chinese toward the 38th parallel from some fronts while they fought stubbornly on others The pursuing 8th army Van Fleet not be limited by such barriers as the 38th parallel in chasing them down Generals Honored On a tour of the front Van Fleet pinned distinguished service crosses on Lt Gen Edward M Almond 10th corps commander and Maj Gen Clark L Ruffner second division commander for iheir part in smashing the second spring offensive It looks like the pursuit tactics are working well Van Fleet said There will be no technical limit on running down the He puts t this way The 38th parallel has no signi ficance in the present tactical sit uation It means nothing to me The 8th army will go wherever the situation dictates in hot pursuit of the enemy We intend to exploit every ad vantage in carrying outour objec ive to find and kill the enemy The whole United Nations line was moving forward at the be ginning of the 12th month of the Korean war Solid gains of two to 6 miles were punched out Thurs day The reds backed up fast But hey left rear guards who fought Utterly to slow the allied advance Communist artillery forced one allied tank patrol to return to the main body of troops The Chinese retreat route in the east was blocked by a huge UN armored force astride the main highway nearly 4 miles north ol 38 13 Mile Drive Infantry and artillery with the ask force seized the Choyang riv er crossing near Inje and dug in on both sides after a dramatic 13 mile drive The bridgehead was eported firmly established at 8 a m Friday Allied tanks patrolled he HongchonInje highway and jattled with reds in the hills The action split the Chinese rmies and forced shattered rem lants of red forces to take to mountain trails There planes and lodding troops hunted them own Warplanes battered retreating Chinese and red Koreans around he clock on all roads leading 0rth They reported 50 trucks vere knocked out during the night y flaredropping planes American tanks which rumbled nto Chunchon Thursday led in antrymen back into the central iehway hub Friday Nineteen American prisoners of marines and one vere rescued in that city where hinese in hasty flight had aban oned them CENTENNIAL CAKE Cherokee JP A centennial cake went on display here Thurs day in celebration of the Illinois Centrals 100 years of operation The 3laycrcd cake was decorated to resemble the railroads birth day medallion i Knocked 10 Feet by Gasoline Blast Unhurt AURORA ONT Mc iCnnan 10 wondered what would appcn if he threw a firecracker nto a trucks gasoline tank He learned fast The blast knocked him 10 feet Doctors said he was unhurt SAME Blick flat meant rafria U Urt hours ;