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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, May 25, 1942

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 25, 1942, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT Or HISTORY AND ARCHIVES OES MOINES IA NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION VOL XLVIH ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FOTi LEASED THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MAY 25 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 193 BEDS BOLL FORWARD ON KHARKOV JAYS DRAFTING IDF YOUTHS 18 19 INEVITABLE May Revamp Selective Service Call Family Men for Army Duties Stilwell Declares Burma Must Be Retaken From Japs BULLETIN BOSTON UR Ma j Gen Lewis B Hershey national se lective service director said in an interview Monday that the drafting of youths 18 and 19 years old for military service is probably an inevitable step By JACK BELL WASHINGTON considered Monday proposals to give President Roosevelt broad authority to revamp the selective service system by classifying fam ily men into groups who would be called for army duty only after the rolls of those without depen dents had been exhausted Explaining that the selective service hoped to set up general classifications based on family relationship and economic de pendency Senator Johnson D Colo predicted that the senate military affairs committee would amend a pending family allow auce bill Monday to vest such i authority in the president J Linked with reports that an Keffort soon would be made tt make Umen of 19 and 20 subject to the draft legislation of this nature was expected to clear up the status of older men and thosewith de pendents who now are subject to into active service at fithe discretion of local boards M f Senator Taft R Ohio who had specific be written family bill said he would be ksatisfied with an amendment au thorizing the president to issue regulations classifying men accord ing to age groups family status of marriage and dependency Taft previously had suggested that seven classifications be set up under which young men without dependents automatical ly would be taken into the army first and older men with several children would be the last to go but Johnson said selective ser vice officials opposed any rigid classification Taft told reporters there had u been widespread complaints from family men who wanted to know if they were going to be taken into the army so they could make plans i to care for their dependents but could not learn their status under present regulations Johnson that this situation was troublesome and expressed the opinion that clarifying rules ought ito be made He said it was his opnion that pf given the authority selective would make general reg fulatipns for the guidance of local boards without providing auto matic deferments for any class Thus a wealthy man with four would not necessarily be excused from service while a man J with an invalid wife but no child Ijren probably would be I Johnson predicted the com mittcc also would accept a pro vision written into the bill plac ing the issuance of war risk in surance on a compulsory basis 1 UnScr terms of the amendment policies would be issued to all i men in the armed service The cost to a private for this 1 insurance Johnson said would be B5637 a month to be deducted from jiis pay This would be in addi Blion to deductions that would be lnade for maintenance of his fam ily if the pending bill passes con gress I These deductions would cut into I ne prospective S42 monthly pay lor privates on which a joint sen J Hehouse conference committee I jgrecd Saturday V If the family allowance bill becomes law S22 would be dc IlductPd monthly from the cn tlistcd mans Day and would be padded to a contribution by rijthe government to provide his lwife with S50 monthly living fexpenses The government Bjwould pay S12 monthly toward he jUDport of one child and S10 for each additional t child House aclion was scheduled this Kveek on both the pay and family bills the latter without proposed classification amend IVient under discussion by the sen Vjte committee J3 The senate arranged to hold services Monday for four its members who died in recent Senators Harrison of Mis Isisiippi Houston of Texas Lump of South Carolina and Adams Coiorado Buy war savings bonds and Fjlamps from your GlobeGazette boy American General in India After Taking Hell of a Beating EDITORS NOTE When an American was sent as chief of stiff to Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek the logical choice was Chinesespeaking Lieuten ant Gen Joseph W StilweU One word tough best describes 59yearolfl stubby eaglenosed Vinegar Joe whose hair and talk are both closecropped When Stilwell and his staff reached Burma last February he called the situation there a helj of a tough spot How touch it was he can tell fully only now He still has no illu sions but he wants to go and get it back By WILLIAM SIcGAFFIN NEW DELHI India full of fight after a hell of a beating in Burma and a wearv march of 140 miles through wild Burmese jungles Lieut Gen Jo seph W Stilwell declared Monday that Burma can must be from the Japanese The American came out of Bur ma the hard way He refused a lift from a United States army plane because he still had a jot to do Then when it became clear that withdrawal was the only course he and a group of soldiers and native nurses started from Wun tho May 4 They made more than half of their 20day trek afoot hidden from aerial searchers by lush tropical forests while their food supplies dwindled General Stilwell flew here on the last leg He said he regarded Burma as a vitally important area for re entry into China now blocked trorrr road supply route After conferring with Gen eral Sir Archibald P British commanderinchief in In dia he is going gack to China to talk to Generalissimo Chiang Kai Shek Here in his own salty words is what happened to the allies in Burma I claim we got a hell nf a beating We Rot run out of Burma and it is humiliating as heSl I think we ought to find out what caused it go back and retake it The Japanese are not super men said Stilwell who is Chi angs chief of staff and comman derinchief of American forces in Burma India and China If we go back properly pro portioned and properly equipped we can throw them out The story of the Burma battle as Stilwell put it was one of outnumbered forces giving the best they had against a foe with more equipment as well as more men Still he thought the scales could have been tipped with just a little more strenglh He said the Japanese were tough welltrained wellequipped and used about 40000 or 50000 combat troops who didnt care whether they got killed or not When youre fighting such an outfit he added you need some thing more than a piecemeal ragtail bobtail affair One of the things that hurt worst was the Japanese air su periority They used lo send over 40 to 50 planes daily and we couldnt retaliate because we didnt even have an antiaircraft run he said Prisoners from the 17th Indian division were said to have been tied in houses which were burned An escaped prisoner Stilwell said confirmed another story that the Japanese held bayonet practici on British captives until the pris oners were dead The Chinese soldier is a damned good soldier when properly led Stilwell asserted There are hell of a lot of troops in China and I think a lot can be done with them He said he Flying Tigers of the American volunteer group still in China would be strength ened considerably in men and equipment and inducted inlo the V S air force July 4 as a ref ular pursuit group As for India Stilwell thinks rams coming soon will hamper any Japanese try at an overland thrust not only because of dif ficulties in transport but also be cause of malaria and other dis eases 8 MEN DIE IN CRASHES OF 2 U S AIRPLANES Bomber Plummets to Earth at Fort Crook 6 Dead in Maine Wreck OMAHA army bomber plane crashed near the Fort Crook airport Monday killing two test pilots Carl W Hartley 32 of South Bend Ind and Henry K Meyers Baltimore Md Hartley was the pilot and Meyers the copilot Hartley attempted to leap by parachute and sot free of the plane but was too close to the ground for his chute to open L R Scafe general manager of the Martin Nebraska Aircraft company whose plant is at the airport declared about all we can say is that the plane came out o the clouds in a dive and did not I come out of thedive The bomber was one flown here from Baltimore Witnesses near the field said Hartley had been up about five minutes He came thundering loivn over the runway in a power dive then pulled up into the low hanging clouds out of sight The bomber hit about a half mile east of the Fort Crook reser vation There was a burst of orange dry season in November fOOfteifPlHCKS fL4H half hour later Hartley is a former army pilot who left the army about a year ago to become a test pilot for the Martin company and was regard ed as one of the best flyers in the country You have an interesting busi ness he told a reporter last week This its just business You lake cm up and bringr cm down Its safe enough Ill be flying those things when Im 80 Meyeis began flying in 1935 and joined the Martin company a year ago 6 AIRMEN KILLED IN MAINE CRASH HOULTON Maine fresh detail of 35 men from the Houlton air base joined another detach ment of army men Monday in cutting a mile long trail through swamp wilderness for the removal of the bodies of six airmen killed Sunday in the crash of an army transport plane The twin motored ship pilot ed army force headquarters at Washington said by First Lieut Clarence A Wright 26 struck as heavy fog hung over the countryside To reach the scene the detach ment which found the wreckage had to travel 15 miles by motor 15 more by railroad handcar and then hike through more than a mile of tangled swamp growth George W Shean a newspaper correspondent who accompanied the searchers said the wreckage and bodies were scattered over 200 square yards of bog Identified by the war depart ment as dead were Lieutenant Wright a graduate of the University of Chicago whose widow lives at Arlington Va and his father Charles A Wright at Clinton Iowa Lieut Col Louis S Gimbel son of the late part owner of Gimbel Brothers department store and a New York investment firm head prior to his entcy into the army air corps last July Capt Gilbert M Herbach 32 son of Mr and Mrs Samuel Her bach Philadelphia Herbach for merly vice president of the Wil mark company New York City entered the service as a first lieu tenant two months ago and was assigned to the intelligence sec tion of the ferrying command Capt John Dennis Franciscus Unless the reverses suffered at Kharkov upset the plans of the German high command Adolf Hitler is ex ofuthsLpiqstambitious ventures history His objective wilt bVBaicugndTita rich oil fields which produce onetenth of the worlds supply This map shows the directions his drive is expected to 3 KILLED 3 HURT IN WRECK Car Collides With Army Ambulance in Vicinity of Norwalk By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Three persons were killed and three others critically injured Sunday in an automobilearmy ambulance collision near Norwalk The crash brought the 1942 highway fatalily toll to 174 compared to last years record of 188 for a similar date Killed in the collision early Sunday were Richard K Gray 19 of Norwalk Virginia Grafton 18 and Gerald Arthur Rounds 18 both of Des Moines Two Fort Des Moines army pri vates Russell F Johnson 27 of Detroit Mich and Edward Maka gavra 22 a Japanese from Cali fornia were taken to the army post hospital where their condi tion was reported critical Gcraldine Titus 17 of Des Moines was also reported in critical condition at Iowa Methodist hospital in DCS Moines Leonard It Eaulley 34 nf Waukon died Saturday after the automobile he was driving crashed into a bridge culvert in Allamakee county Second u t R Wilkinson Pa BULLETINS MEXICO Man uel Avila Camacho formally called upon congress Monday to meet in extraordinary session to declare war on the axis powers and to approve emergency meas ures to defend the nation against totalitarian aggression CHUNGKING Chi nese Central news bulletin from Chekian front said the Japanese launched a fullscale offensive Monday in an attempt to stormKinhwa capital of the seaboard province but were re pulsed with bloody losses Other dispatches said the defenders had thrown back another Japa nese column at Kienteh inflict InK 2000 casualties and putting Ihe invaders to rout Men of 18 and 19 An important message from the United States Recruiting Service op pears on Page 2 of this issue Roosevelt Cuts Budget Allotted WPA WASHINGTON7 Roosevelt cutting his budget es timate for the Work Projects Ad ministration from 5465000 000 to 5282767000 advised congress Monday that organized migra tion may be necessary to meet labor shortages in war industries He said in a speciai message that the nations war effort is drawing workers from every available source thereby re ducingr the need for a work re lief program His revised WPA request for the 1943 fiscal year which begins July 1 was submitted in a special message to congress To meet labor shortages the recruitment of workers from every available source will be re quired and possibly even organ ized migration in some instances the president said The WFA program for the next fiscal year he added must he held to one of work relief for employable persons who by reason of circumstances cannot obtain employment cither in ivar activities or in other work He estimated lhat many of he 3000000 persons now unem ployed will be hired during the comingyear Because a reduction of work relief is now possible without causing undue hardship the president recommended S280000 000 for WPA and for administrative expenses of other agencies in connection with the relief program The recommended figure for 1943 together with an estimated balance of 557000000 of the 1942 appropriation will permit an av erage monthly employment of about 400000 persons including WPA administrative expenses It is urgent that our labor reserves be fully utilized the president told congress and that productive labor now on the rolls of the Works Projects Administration be engaged in other productive employment Looking beyond the coming fiscal year Mr Roosevelt said provision of work and other forms of aid for those who cannot be absorbed in private employment must be con sidered as an integral part of comprehensive measures for so cial security and public aid He said he expected to rec ommend legislation later to ex tend the social security program to provide alternative means of meeting the needs presented by the residua group now being aided by WPA Congressional action on such proposals he said will determine the extent to which we can move toward the further reduction or the possible elimination of the Work Projects Administration Weather Report FORECAST MASON showers and thunderstorms beginning late1 Monday afternoon or early Monday night and ending Tues day morning Warmer Monday night IOWA Scattered showers and ti thunderstorms northwest and extreme west portion Monday afternoon and Monday night beginning in central and north east portion late Monday after noon or early Monday night and ending Tuesday morning and beginning in southeast portion late Monday night or Tuesday morning Warmer east and cen tral portions Monday night MINNESOTA Local showers and thunderstorms west and central portion Monday afternoon and in east portion late Monday af ternoon and Monday night Cooler northwest and north central portions Monday night and in north portion Tuesday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 7 Minimum in Night 43 At 8 a m Monday 60 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 72 49 Buy war savings bonds and stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Gossman Held by Decorah Officials Gossman 40 yearold farmer Monday was ii custody here in connection will he death of Charles Mclntire 73 Mclntire died Saturday night en route tothe Decorah hospital sut fering a fractured skull A coroners jury late Sunday decided that Mclntire came to his death feloniously and Winncshiek County Atty Carl Nystrom or dered Gossman held for grand jury action The grand jury is not scheduled to meet until July but a special session may be called of ficials indicated Members of the coroners jury were Bert Smith ling Ed Matter and Henry Hum ming According lo the report of the coroners jury Mclntire and Gossman were engaged in a friendly scuffle near the Sinclair oil station on highway 55 when Gossman pushed Mclntires hat down on his head and playfully struck him Mclntire fell against a cement curb fracturing his skuli and died a few minutes later Mclntire is survived by a broth er Wells Funeral arrangements were incomplete Monday MALTA RAIDED AGAIN VALLETTA Malta fighters shot down an axis bomber in negligible raiding here Sunday ShangriLa Why Here it Is The New York World Telegram printed this cartoon by a staff artist William Pause with this Ger man broadcast describing the bombing of Tokio reports that Brig Gen James H Doolittle carried out the attack against Japan from the air base ShangriLa which was not otherwise described by Roosevelt We are pleased to disclose this interesting spot and adjacent areas SHATTER NAZI WEDGE ENEMY CLAIMS GAINS Action on Moscow Front Believed Near Kharkov Fight Rages By CLYDE A FARNSWORTH Associated Press War Editor Russias Kharkov offensive a major factor in strategical plan ning on both sides of the world conflict was pictured Monday as rolling forward once again the red army having wiped out the best the Germans could offer in the way of flank diversion The wedfre which the Ger mans had driven into the Rus sian salient curving past Khar kov on the south had been shat tered with enormous tosses to the enemy Moscow dispatches said and the Russians had driven ahead once more after consolidating 11 c w 1 y won ground This was the 14th day of battle on the Kharkov front perhaps the most valuable of all German positions in Russia for it but tresses the Taganrog threat of the Germans to invade the Caucasus when and if they can get their own major drive under was The German high command not retreating from previous claims that considerable Russian forces had been cut off in the salient flanking Kharkov said Monday that the fighting south the big Ukrainian manufacturing city had developed into a battle of encirclement The bulk ot three soviet armies strong tank forces has been the German communique said AH attempts to break out have failed with heavy losses for the enemy Obviously both the Germans and Russians could not be correct in their descriptions of the battle but since communiques and the belligerents own front line re ports were the only sources ot neus coiToboration for cither side must await final outcome of the encounter The Hitler command said that its forces had captured 30 villages in a central sector but whether it meant the Kharkov front or the whole front was not clear If the whole vast Russian front were meant the claim signified new ac tion opposite Moscow The emphasis put upon the battle of Russia by American high strategy was newly illus traied by a dispatch from an Associated Press correspondent Henry C Cassidy from a red ar force station which said that an elite Russian pursuit squad ron defending the bomber ap proaches to Moscow was flying Americanmade planes exclu sively and asking for more The Russian airmen were elab orate in their praise of the fighters the Bell Airacobra which name they have meaning fully shortened to Cobra Cassidys dispatch coincided with that ot a colleague Roy P Porter from Buffalo N Y home of the Airacobras carrying the significant disclosure by the con cerns president Lawrence D Bell that these ordinarily short range planes now are being flown their ultimate stations in many parts of the world Whereas they once had lo be dismantled for transportation by boat special equipment now has been developed pcrmillinE the Airacobras to make long hops Britains highflying fighters knifed across the British south cast in midmorning headed for new daylight attacks on largels m Germanoccupied France 3C W Unfavorable weather had kept longrange RAF bombers at their bases during the night but their German counterparts with the advantage of closer takeof I points bombed several places along the southern coast of England One oj Ui cm was downed The Germans said their night raiders effectively dropped high explosives and incendiaries on a British south coast base for lishl naval forces There were no further details Elsewhere the world conflict was marked by unconfirmed re ports and hints of United States naval losses a simmer ot English laborite discontent with the Churchill government and Ger man dissatisfaction with Pierre Laval over his progress toward full FrenchGerman collaboration meanwhile moved steadily toward a formal declara tion of war on the axis expected ;