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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 24, 1944, Mason City, Iowa r NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COM DEPARTMENT OF HI STORY ANO ARCHIVE I A THE NEWSPAPEX THAT HONE EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MAY 24 1911 This Paper Consists of XH NO It7 Yanks Take Terracina and Threaten Cisterna i ii si ALLIED TROOPS REPORTTHRUST UP LIRI VALLEY Nazi Position Becomes Worse Each Hour as Allies Smash Ahead Allied Headquarters Naples fP troops occupied Ter racina Wednesday and Canadian armor smashed through the Hit ler line in the Liri valley to the Melfa river On the Anzio beach head U S troops seized a mile long chunk of the Appian Way below Cisterna The Canadians reached the Melfa by smashing 5 miles through the heaviest Hitler line fortifications in the Liri sending forward a pincers offen sive upon the beachhead and Rome from the east American troops also batterec 10 miles through the mountains above Terracina fashioning i potential trap for the German below t h e beachhead Alliec planes took heavy toll of naz convoys attempting to escape en circlement The Hitler line now has been smashed through deep strikes ii the north the center and thi south On the beachhead a U S armored column penetrated th German flank on the Rome northern side of Cisterna immi nently threatening that fortres town The Appian Way to Rom above still was open however The whole German positio hourly worsened The spectacular C a n a d i a thrust up the Liri valley put th allied spearhead 13 miles west Cassino It carried to the last wa fer obstacle between the Cana dians and Arce and Ceprano both WHERE NEW ITALIAN THRUSTS ARE Allied troops have seized more mountain heights north east of Terracina while the 5th army on the Anzio beach head launched a new assault near Aprilla and in the Cis ternaLittoria sector wasnecl away thousands of acres of top soil from some of the rich est farming land in the nation That is only part of the Joss however and the weather bureau has forecast the floods will con tinue in the southeast section of the state for nearly a week Total Iowa farm income last year was from crops livestock and livestock products On the basis of preliminary re ports compiled by the state AAA office Loveland estimated be tween 20 and 30 per cent of the cropland in 25 Iowa counties had toward the beachhead His roadcast asserted that the at empt to unhinge German defenses at Pontecorvo and Piedimonte in he Liri valley sector had been ruslrated with heavy losses At ied artillery fire in the new at acks was o f unprecedented fierceness he added French troops captured Pico after prolonged and bitter fight ing smashing German tank coun terattacks From this stronghold they were driving deep into the flank of the hardpressed nazide fenders of Hitler line frontal po sitions in the Liri valley Farther south other units of Lt Gen Mark W Clarks forces hurled the enemy out of Lenola which is on a vital lateral road running north through Valle Corsa toward Frosinone As a result of these newest gains the 5th armys penetration n Chinese Force Jap Armies Into Retreat By J B KRUEGEK Associated Press War Editor m VH m 5 miles away and both key poiri guarding the toth broad Sacco valley leading Rome The Melfa is a small stream flowing into the Liri from the north Other Canadians were closing in upon Pontecorvo another Hit ler line strongpoint Terracina fell after American 5th army troops had plunged 10 miles north of that port and cap tured a mountain height only 19 miles due east of a junction with the beachhead forces thus threat ening to entrap the nazis in the Pontine marsh area between the beachhead and Terrancina A beachhead dispatch from As sociated Press Correspondent Daniel De Luce said American armor and infantry struck Wed nesday into the German flank on the Rome or northern side if Cis terna threatening the town where the bitterlyfighting Ger man garrison still has an escape route to Rome open Many prisoners were taken In the first day of the new co ordinated assault the Americans seized a 2000 yard stretch of the Appian way southeast of Cisterna and cut the railway to Rome 4 miles below Velletri De Luce said Their British comrades mean while forced the Moletta river farther west ramming on into cle fenses anchoring the nazi line that so long compressed the beachhead Allied tactical planes flung full force against the Germans de stroyed at least 150 enemy ve hides and damaged as many more Wednesday with A36L dive bombers concentrating on the road through Privcrno escape hatch from the pocket above Terracina The coordinated main front of Tensive smashed forward with Canadians breaching the Hitler fortifications near part of the formidable line across 1 the Liri the French I won Pico pivot point in the moun tains at the center of the front j The bag of prisoners for the en tire offensive rose to 7500 t The German high command ac knowledged major on several sectors of the The Americans on the lower front advanced 10 miles in 36 hours to take the dominating heights of Monte Alto and push closer to junction with beachhead troops The Germans situation on the main front was potentially grave especially in the Liri valley Their main supply or retreat route highway 6 or via Casilina leading from the valley 65 miles to Rome The Americans driving out from the beachhead are only 11 miles from this key road FrenchAmerican units attack ing north of Pico present a still more immediate threat of cracking the Germans facing the 8th army in the Liri valley A Berlin military commentator declared the allies staked every thing on one card trying to link up their main and Anzio forces He admitted only slight advances by the allied push north of Ter from its jumping off places on the main ffront inthe current offen siyeexceed 30iniles air Heavy all sectors as the enemy strove des Jerately to halt the beachheac hrust which in a few hours cu one of the main lines of supply and retreat for the menaced 10th German army barely over 20 miles south of Rome Headquarters of Gen Sir Har old Alexander declared the whoL operation was going according to plan The enemy is known to have prepared lastditch defenses south of Rome on a general line run ning from Avezzano through Val montone westward in the vicinity of Celletri and then through the Alban hills to the sea Wednesday however Field Marshal Albert Kesselring finds this line threatened both at the western anchor as well as by the beachhead offensive while the bulk of his beleaguered 10th army is fighting for its life on the main land fronts especially in the Liri valley 43 miles away to the south east In the longdormant Appenine sector far from the scene of the big offensive the enemy Tuesday began making small withdrawals around Palena and much move ment of enemy transport was ob served in rear areas there A Chinese counteroffensive steadily gathering momentum Wednesday forced into full re treat a crack Japanese army aim ing at the heart of China The weekslong fighting hi wheatrich Honan province has reached a new phase the Chi nese high command declared and the new fullscale counter blows are forcing back the Japanese in all sectors Lustuh roughly 400 miles north east of Chungking was recap tured from the invaders Other Chinese forces besieged in stra tegic Loyahg furiously fought off attackers and awaited reinforce ments pushing in from the south west The main Chinese counterat tack appeared developing along the Lunghai railroad heading to Loveland Estimates Week of Heavy Rains and Floods Cost Iowa Farmers Des Moines lull week of heavy rains and floods already has cost Iowa farmers in income this year A J Love land chairman of he state AAA committee estimated Wednesday f In addition the floods have 500 HOMELESS ATOHUMWAAS FLOODS MOUNT 11 Amphibious Boats Ordered to City to Give Aid in Rescues 6 Des Moines Moines river flood waters swept on to ward O 1t u m w a Wednesday threatening still more destruction between here and the rivers con fluence with the Mississippi at the southeast corner of the state The latest developments in cluded the assignment of a contin gent of 185 army engineers from Fort Leonard Wood Mo with mo torized amphibious equipment to the Ottumwa area for flood duty Col Piel army engineer ex pected 10 amphibious boats from Granite City III and one from Fort Crook Nebr to reach Ot tumwa Wednesday to give assist ance Already an estimated 500 to 600 persons were homeless there and threatened collapse of the Turkey Island levee endangered many other homes In the Des Moines area farm ers continued their roundthe clock battle to save a 2 mile levee southeast of the city near the Iowa Power and Light company plant The river level stood 10 feet above the surrounding land at World Group Must Arm to Teeth After WarChurchill 500 Cots Sent to Flood Victims Des Moines American Red Cross sent an emergency or der to its chapter in Omaha Neb Wednesday for 500 cots and 300 blankets to be used for DesTWomes river ndod victims at Eddyville and OUnniwa Iowa The equip ment had been in storage since the recent flash flood at Norfolk Nebr this point and a breach in this ward Shanhsien and Loyang Thus levee would inundate the largest L j aiea Of jch farm land yet touched by the rampaging DCS Moines in the present flood The assistance of an Iowa state guard unit was requested as the levee threatened to go out mo mentarily Meanwhile a new rise in the Raccoon river was expected here Water again was running in some Property Storm Loss Des Moines if Iowa storm loss estimates to date in brief Farm income this year through flooded croplands Buildings in 15 northwest and central counties 52345000 Permanent farm damage through loss of top City of Des Primary roads been washed out or flooded That would total 1707500 acres and he estimated that farmers would get an acre less on the aver age from that land this year than they would have if it had not been damaged In addition he estimated the permanent loss in income as a result of the loss of the rich top soil at It lakes nearly 100 years to produce 1 inch of the choice top soil he said Loveland declared that most of the washed out and flooded land probably coulci be replanted Corn can be planted up to June 10 but will not produce as much as if planted earlier If the damaged soil cannot be replanted to corn by that date farmers can turn to soybeans which can be planted throughout June Such late plant ing of beans also reduces the yield however loua has a total of 25869000 acres of land used for crops Thou sands of acres of timber land and other not suitable fanning also have been flooded Loveland declared the erosion was the worst in the history of the state Farmers also lost hundreds of head of livestock in flood waters Charles D Reed federal meteo HORSES MOVE TO horses at this farm near Des Moines moved up to the high ground around the house as flood waters swept over most of the surrounding area Swiftly Spreading Wildcat Strikes in Lumbering Reported Seattle thousand more lumber and logging workers were scheduled to join an esti mated 18000 already idle Thurs day in the Pacific northwest lum ber industry which has become paralyzed by wildcat walkouts Between 60 and 75 plywooc mills door plants woodworking mills sawmills and kindred com panies in 20 cities and towns o Oregon and Washington were closed In addition workers qui on at least 8 log booms and 9 logging camps already were down The general walkout by bot AFL and CIO union members wa not authorized by union leader who appealed for the men to staj on the job The work stoppage wa in protest of the war labor board denial of requested wage in creases The AFL had asked lo an hourly minimum wage of 105 a 15ccnt increase Report Mrs Catt in Serious Condition New Roche lie N Y Carrie Chapman Catt 85 year ol champion of womens rights an widelyknown peace worker is i a serious condition at Rochelle hospital suffering from heart attack her secretary Mis Alda Wilson announced Wednes day it seemed the threat to Tung kwan west of those cities and controlling an invasion route to Chungking was being eased Myitkyina far to the south in orthern Burma continued a bit erlysought prize for Lt Gen oseph W Stilwells Chinese and merican troops His headquar ers said the allied forces pushed urther into the partlyheld city nd had captured a railroad unction nearby Seizure of the unction tightened Stilwells con rol of Myitkyinas airport cap ured last week The men of the U S 6th army videned their hold on the Dutch few Guinea coast opposite cap ured island Destroyer cuns and laud artillery removed apanese mortar positions allow ng the Americans to move nearer 2 airfields near Sarmi opposite Wakde To the northwest Liberators dropped 150 tons of bombs on Biak island in the Schouten group ying in Geelvink bay Supply dumps were hit on Biak which ecently has come under incessant ind probably significant air at ack The Schoutens lie in the path of any further westward nove by Gen Douglas JlacAr hurs forces His airmen ranged more than 1000 miles in the other direction o slug Rnbaul on New Britain island from 2 directions Enemy troops in bypassed Wewak were trafed by other air units The heaviest daylight assault in the central Pacific was turned against Wotje atoll in the eastern Marshalls Sunday 230 tons of bombs falling on the bypassed enemy base from landbased bombers 5500 Allied Planes Raid Berlin Vienna Paris Other Targets London of 5500 planes mostly American bombed Berlin Vienna Paris airdromes and military targets on the French coast Wednesday in perhaps greatest allied aerial assault of the war The sky fleets augmented as the day went on by medium and light planes flying out in the eve ning perhaps 3000 tons of explosives on military tar gets from the Atlantic wall to the 3 capitals A force of around 2COO U rologist said that up to Monday farm work had been greatly handi capped in iths of the state by the rains and tornadoes Only 41 per cent of the corn had been planted 31 per cent less than normal and 11 days later than normal Soybean planting has made only a scattered begin ning Asks Because Neighbor Dog Barked Thinks Japs Can Be San Francisco shat tered by the predawn barking of Dr Hans Von Gelderns Spaniel Beppo was worth Carl A Rjetz said in his superior court complaint asking that sum in dam ftgts from the physician Rietz said he had put up a howl of his own to his neighbor about Bcppos vo calizing but when he found he was barking up the wrong tree he took the matter lo court downtown West Des Moines streets which had been clear of water since Sunday This rise in the Raccoon would add further lo the burden of wa ter which the DCS Moines is car rying to the southeast of the cap ital Additional heavy rains in creased the danger in the lower reaches of the Moines Keo sauqua below Ottumwa had inches of rain Monday night and Tuesday Officials estimated flood dam age in Des Moines alone already had reached Ihe mark Half of this amount was claimed by owners of Hiverview amuse ment park which was flooded to a depth of 4 or 5 feet when a levee broke early Tuesday A coal company and other businesses in the vicinity also re ported losses Cilv Park Commissioner Art Daniels said damage at Birdland park scene of many state and district swimming and tennis meets in the past might reach At Ottumwa a reading of 20 feet above flood was expected by Friday Late Tuesday night the water was only a block and a half from Main street the principal business thoroughfare The Red Cross civilian defense workers the state guard unit COO men from the naval air station and many volunteers helped evac uate residents of the lowland areas to higher ground A shutdown of 2 major indus trial concerns the Morrell Pack ing company and the Ottumwa Iron Works appeared likely that Russians Will Break With Bulgaria Unless Policy Is Changed Ankara May 23 Delayed will break off relations with Bulgaria unless the Bulgars change their policy by midnighl May 25 advices received here by telegraph said Tuesday These reports said the Bulgors received the soviet ultimatum in a stern note Monday 375 Wounded Flown to Hospitals Near Homes San Francisco largest mass transport of wounded sol diers by air in the United Slates was under way here Wednesday with 12 C47 air transport com mand planes flying 375 wounded heroes of south Pacific battles and attendants to 16 army hospitals near the mens homes By night fall all the wounded 32 of them litter cases and the remainder ambulatory cases will be within 300 miles of their homes the ATC said eliminating the necessity of several days train riding DIES OF INJURIES Omaha G Moore head 67 postmaster Omahf since 1936 died Sunday night in a hospital here of injuries re ceived Saturday afternoon in an automobile accident near North Bend Nebr while on his way to his Schuyler Nebr farm Woman Secretary to Pastor Found Stabbed to Death in Church Detroit Jean Long secretary to the pastor of the 12th street Evangelical church was found stabbed to death in the church Wednesday Police said that the pastor the Rev N C Liesemer reported dis covering the body at 9 a m Mrs Long who was about 40 years old was reported last seen leaving the home of the Rev Lie scmcr at p mTuesday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy to cloudy with occasional scattcrct thundershowcrs Wednesda night and Thursday Not mud change in temperature Iowa Partly cloudy with scat tered thundershowers Wednes day night and Thursday Cooler portion Thursday Minnesota Partly cloudy will scattered Ihundershowcrs Wed nesday night and east portion Thursday cooler northwest por tion Wednesday night and north and west portions Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 7 Minimum Tuesday night 59 At 8 a m Wednesday 63 Rain 09 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 63 Minimum 50 Precipitation 36 S heavy bombers and fighters struck Berlin and German fields fring ing Paris The nazis said intense air battles wore fought over Ber lin and the Baltic Pilots return ing from France said that no in terceptors were encountered near Paris and that flak was moderate to heavy Four airfields were nummcleil in northern France American heavy bombers from Italy soared across the Alps to Vienna and bombed the Almbcrs dorf aircraft factory and other targets nearby The Italybased bombers also attacked the Avisio viaduct north tif Trcnto on the Brenner Pass line chief artery between Ger many and the flaming battle grounds to the south Others struck military targets at Graz in Austria and Zagred capital of the uppct state of Croatia Between 500 and 750 big bomb rs and hundreds of convoying Tuslangs Lightnings and Thun erbolts knocked at Ihe portals f Hitlers European fortress from he south aiul southeast Flying Fortresses attacked the factory at Vienna vhich manufactures parts for ennan fighter planes Poor vis bility obscured full assessment of esults Liberators struck the Uunchenclorf airdrome south of he Austrian capital setting fires vhich billowed columns of smoke other Liberators bombed the Wollensdorf airfield near Wicnei Ncustadt a ferrying field for en emy plane Fortress flyers reported direct hits on the Avisio viaduct A nazi tirficld at Graz was pounded by Liberators which also struck Za creb a focal point of enemy rail supply arteries between northern Italy and the Balkans Several formations encountered enemy fighters and heavy flak but results of the combat were not immediately assessed Wave upon wave of U S me dium Marauders shook the threatened French invasion coast with bomb loads that rattled houses in England 20 miles across the English channel South coast British dwellers said the outpouring of aerial strength wav aweinspiring and the greatest uiany had ever seen The attacks carried the renewed aerinl assault through its GUi con secutive day running the bomb total to above 25000 tons for the period The Berlin attack was Iho 4th U S blow at the German capital this month and came less than 1 hours after a rain of 2ton block busters from British Mosquitos The swifl wooden planes also dumped their destructive cargoes on Dortmund and French rail roads before dawn They suffered no loss Germanys thinly stretched air defenses were split wide open but Ihe nazis insisted that intense battles were fought over Berlin itself and the Baltic region above and in the Vienna region The Paris radio Mid the south south west mulheasl ratarks Paris were bombed and damage was considerable This is an ordeal of terrorism for the entire population the German commentator Dr Joseph Saal said over the nazi network marks the eve 6f decisive operations agiiinstthe continent Our opponents are deliberately striking at the German capital eying to break their moral re sistance PLANES SMASH NAZI VEHICLES 150 Destroyed and 150 Others Are Damaged Allied Headquarters Naples planes of the Mcdi crranean allied air force were Lhrown full force against the Ger mans opposing the twin in Italy Wednesday and first re ports showed they destroyed 150 enemy vehicles and damaged an other 150 A36 Invader dive bombers caught many enemy con voys racing along a lateral road between Privcrno and Valmon tonc and destroyed nearly 100 vehicles and damaged scores of others They also created n rond block 12 miles east of Palestrina and knocked out machinegun po sitions and antiaircraft gun em placements 30 NAZI TANKS ARE KNOCKED OUT IN DUEL Allied Headquarters Naples forces knocked out more than 30 German tanks in a 4hour armored duel north west of Cisterna vital transport hub 25 miles below Rome TERMS TO JAPS AND NAZIS ARE UNCONDITIONAL Minister Says Mighty Battle Is Now at Climax South of Rome London UR Prime Minister Churchill warned Wednesday that the allies will accept only uncon ditional surrender from Germany and Japan and called for a new postwar world United States with overwhelming military pow er to prevent future aggression Churchill reviewed the world situation in an 85 minute speech before a crowded commons virtu ally on the eve of the greatest air and sea borne invasion the world ever has known but he avoided all mention of the coming assault He proposed that the new world structure follow roughly the or ganization of the league of na tions but avoid that bodys pit falls by arming to the teeth to en force its decisions and outlaw war for generations to come There should be room in the new organization for organisms like the British empire and com monwealth he said and I trust there will also be room for the fraternal association of the British commonwealth and the United States I am sure these great entities will in no way disturb the general purpose of the world organization but that in fact will help power fully to make it run smoothly lie said Other highlights of Churchills speech 1 There is no question of any guarantee thatGermanywill not undergo territorial changes if such changes will render a more secure peace in Europe 2 Turkey has forfeited her right to n strong voice at the peace table by refusing to enter the war on the side of the allies Approval of Patton Promotion Is Held Up in Committee Inquiry Washington fr The senate military affairs committee Wed nesday held up approval of a permanent rank promotion for Lt Gen George S Palton in recom mending favorable action in the cases of 13 other general officers Paltons slapping of a soldier in Sicilian hospital had been sub jected to a committee investiga tion The committee save no formal explanation of its refusal to sanc tion a proposed permanent ad vancement from the rank of col onel of cavalry to major general but Chairman Chandler D of the nominations snbcommitlcc said he personally opposed ap proval because of the slapping in cident Chandler asserted the Patton promotion was mil voted it was just passed over for the time being IOXVAN IS KILLED New York UR Second Lt Charles M Weber 21 of Musca tinc Iowa was killed late Tues day when his army fighter plane crashed 8 miles from the Mill ville army air base N J during a combat training mission the 1st air force announced Wednes day 3 King Victor Emanuele of Italy has decided to return to private life upon the capture of Rome and once the Germans have been driven from her soil the Italians will choose whatever democratic form of government they desire1 4 Britain has switched all her support to the partisan forces of Marshal Josip Tito Broz because Gen Draja Mikhailo vitch of the royal Yugoslav army is not fighting the enemy and some of his subordinates have trafficked with the Germans 5 Gen Charles De Gaulle presi dent of the French national committee lias accepted an invi tation to come to London to dis cuss relations between the com mittee and the allied governments 6 The breach between Russia and the Polish exile govern ment is not so bad as it might appear on the surface have no sympathy with those wlio think it is clever and even funny to insult and abuse the government of Spain Churchill referred only briefly to the fighting in Italy where he said a mighty battle was at a climax south of He fore saw the hideous prospect of the redhot rake of battle lines be ing drawn from sea to sea right up the whole length of the ian peninsula but said hehad great hopes that the city oE Rome will be preserved from the struggling of our armies Chrirchill spoke rapidly at the outset though his voice sounded t little tired but warmed up as he progressed and finished in his familiar resounding style as he pictured the new world organiza tion Churchill opening a 2day de bate on foreign affairs began speaking at p in a m The house was crowded with Prime Minister Tohn Curtin of Australia Prime Minister Pe ter Fraser of New Zealand Soviet Ambassador Fcdor Gusev and Spanish Ambassador the Duke of Alba among those in the specta tors gallery David Lloyd George prime min ister of Britain dun us the first World War and member of par liament from Wales made one of his rare appearances in the house Nothing was more remarkable than the cordial agreement ex pressed by every one of the do minion prime ministers in the general conduct of our foreign affairs and the principles which govern that conduct Churchill said in reviewing the empire con ference At this time our object is the to beat the enemy as soon as possible Surveying the world situation Churchill said that the ;