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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 24, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME sr JKEU v AR r PCPT or fOAA COUP OES I A HOME EDITON THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MAY 24 SATUKUAY MAY 24 1941 PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTION ONE NO 193 BRITISH LOSE HUGEST WARSHIP Are Americans Marsh Is Now City EDITORS NOTE Thii is another ot series of articles written by W Earl Hall Ma sun Cily GlubcGazetU manasmc editor in the course of 3 lour through Soutlt America as one of party of 1J guests of the Endowment for International Ieace Number 65 ByW EARL HALL SANTOS hey I called this island marsh area White Mans Grave Today in I addition to being the worlds greatest shipping point for coffee Santos probably ranks next to Rio Ide Janeiro as the linest ocean re foit city in South America The amazing transformation suggested in the foregoing para graph dates back about 60 years when a tiny fish with an un pronounceable name was intro duccd into the slugrgish streams and swamp areas which for i centuries had provided breeding places for flie deadly malarial L mosquito The fish fed on the I mosquitos and the mosqnitos slraightivay disappeared W This afternoon 1 visited the Fulio Conceicao orchid gardens liear the Parquc Balneario hotel Ivhere our party is stopping and raw a tank full the little fishes have been the starting point netu Life of King settlement into a Rnelymodern the size Vf Omaha Nebr Later I ascended Monte Serrat jy cable car and looked down the city of Santos stretched ringlike below The chief of the place aside from its jgreat sweep of red tile roofs turned slightly brown by the liioist tropical weather was the Hunmense set of wharves and lining the waterfront I or a mile or more j At the very top of this promi iience overlooking the city is a lhapel to which lovers repair Ivhcn the course of true love isnt Jmining smooth Many ascend Serrat to look but more ISScend it to pray The walls of chapel are covered three deep pictures of bridal of thanksgiving One room a large number of dis iirded canes crutches nrid another symbol of grafi jlde In the barbor lay one treat Illalian liner and a little bit farther to sea is a German ship Ifvith its signs of identification Wotted out It had gained safe Passage from Sooth Africa near afte beginning ol the war by fly TfS the colors of Japan On ar in port the false colors on She side of the ship had been r ovcr iLitcnlly thousands of orchid Sneties mostly from the South Inencan jungles but a few from jJta and Central America are iplayed at the Conceicao gar lis They occupy an area of two fuif blocks and are by one of Brazils tin coffee families as a hobby K Zt if Orchids arc nof as has been nmonly supposed a parasitic Fern trees arc their best lunt but numerous varieties Jc root on bare rock They 1e J which they are rooted In Inuary the blooms arc most but even now in an off there is much to see I Santos wealthy esi Dr Jorclao Magalhaes has native birds his hobby and special courtesy to our Car le group we were permitted to Ins distinguished aviary r there birds that 1 not only i li t know but didnt even sus I The one which tcft the litest impression on me was a bird which whistled Brazil national anthem He Itnis while perched on my in fo visit to Santos would be iplete without an inspection of 1 great coffee board of trade ire to a considerable extent fed65 Ital agency in charge ot this which a few years ago de that a certain amount of the surplus must be burned if were to be preserved I EFFORT TO KILL KING EMANUELE OF ITALY TOLD Greek Claimed Affected by Poetic Madness Held as Assailant ROME Greek declared affected by poetic madness emptied a pistol at the motor car in which King Vittorio Emanucle was riding with the Albanian premier during the monarchs visit to Albania May 17 official Italian dispatches from Tirana dis closed Saturday All the shots went wild The avsuilunl whose name was Riven as Vassal Laci Mi hailoff was arrested the dis patches saiil and saved from lynching by the people so as not lo complicate investigations be SUn to run down his possible ac complices In the motor car with the king empcrorwas Shefket Vcrlaci who has been premier of Albania since the Italians first invaded that country early in 1Q30 The official announcement de scribed the affair as an attempt on the life of Verlaci News of this criminal act said the Tirana dispatches was with until Saturday pending RAF ONSLAUGHT Nazis Claim AIDS BRITISH IN WestEnd KING VITTOIUO EMANUELE by shuts During questioriing which lasted until Friday the dispatches con tinued Vassal Laci Mihailoff ex pressed personal feelings against members of the Albanian govern ment for not having received and employed him and his intention was to disturb the exaltation the Albanian people Trial against him is imminent and it will take place before fhe tribunal of armed forces in Al bania Kinf Vittorio Emanuele re turned to Rome by air from Ti rana on May 17 after a weeks tour of the Albania battlefronts find here a rather common belief that this measure was helpful Our afternoon came to a close with a motor jaunt up the beach in front of our hotel on a sand whichjn its hard smoothness riv famous Daytona As f write this in my spacious hotel room a carnival holds forth below me There are barkers with loud speakers a fcrris wheel shootinggalleries rides of various and peanuts and pop corn Ail the world has its fun in much the same way als Floridas beach where the Italians first fouplit the Greeks t li e n marched against the Jugoslavs Rumors that four or five shots were fired at the king in an at tempted assassination of the sover eign himself had been current in Rome ever since he came back from Albania where he had gone on his since troops and its incorporation under Italian rule Nothing was disclosed in au thoritative quarters however un til questioning of the assailant en abled authorities to make public Saturdays version of the shooting AquaGlider LONDON UR Germany is using a new secret weapon an aquaglider to put men down off the shores of Crete so that they can taxi ashore and try to con solidate positions at isolated spots it was understood Saturday The gliders arc towed across from the Greek mainland and re leased near shore They alight and with thepower of a light motor which drives a small propeller they make their wav to beaches where the troops in them land Reports received here say that the aquagliders require perfect conditions to avoid capsizin or smashing up but that their great advantage is that they can land in darkness or in semidarkness un observed whereas ordinary glid ers might be intercepted or de tected as hey landed MALEMI FIGHT English Long Range Bombers Make Attack Against Invaders LONDON and Greek defenders aided by n new and unexpected Royal Air Force onslaught inflicted very heavy casualties1 on the German air invaders of Crete Saturday in a drive to break up the maiuenemy offensive from the Malemi sec tor on the western end of the is land German airborne troops landing elsewhere on the island were decisively dealt with according to the British commu niques although it was not claimed lhat the cnemv units in the Candia Ketimo and other sectors had been wiped out or captured The R A F attacks on the Ger mans in the Malemi area were re garded as encouraging in view of the previous withdrawal of Brit ish aerial fighting forces from Crete due to lack of airdromes British bombers and longrange fighters possibly Americanbuilt craft now in use In North Africa were reported Jo have ed and Jo have drome so severely that fhe nazis apparently were forced to use the nearby beach for landing rein forcements The Germans with at least 20 000 men reported landed in Crete were seking to gain possession of Suda bay or a strip of beach large enough to land heavy war ma terials lo supplement light artil lery already said to have been landed by air Latest British dispatches how ever indicated that the defense forces still were holding before Suda bay and that the British navy had stopped all seaborne reinforcements except a few small boats The fighting on the island showed no signs of slackening and most experts believed that this weekend would demonstrate the success or failure of the invasion The German high command silent until now on the whole bat tle issued a special communique Saturday declaring that German forces had been on Crete since May 20 and have taken the west ern end of the island where Malemi is located tinder control It mentioned parachutists and other troops without specifying whether these were forces landed by glider and transport plane or ferried by sea from Greece Authoritative sources declared they Iiad received no inforeiatior indicating that the nazis had sue Suffer Heavy Losses 42100 Ton Hood if i SHULL INDUCTS Sinks From Nazi HANCHER HEAD Hit in Magazine OF UNIVERSITY of Crete BERLIN Clj Ger many breaking n day silence on the bizarre and bitter battle of Crete announced Saturday thai azi auborne troops have estab lished secure control over the western end of the island and that the luftwaffc has driven the Brit ish navy out of northern Cretan waters The fleets attempt to lake a decisive part in the battle lias been shattered and many war ships sunk or damaged a spe cial high command the first on the day asserted The German air force has com plete mastery over the battle area it was declared The statement said the German parachutists and airborne troops started an offensive after being reinforced by other units of the German army but it did not ex plain how these reinforcements got to Crete Numerous points of strategic importance it was asserted have been captured in the drive The high command called the assault daring and specifically de nied the charge of British Prime Minister Churchill that Gorman parachutists had landed wearing the uniforms of New Zealand troops It threatened reprisals if the ac soldiersace wearing the uniforms of their foe is made the basis for mistreat ment of prisoners These reprisals will be inflict ed on English prisoners in pro portions of ten to one it added The high command concluded that operations on the Greek island arc proceeding according to schedule This was its first mention of the five day old battle The nearest a regular high command had come to a report on the island battle was its claim Saturday that five British speed boats were de stroyed Friday in an air attack on Suda Bay the British naval base on Crete and that three de stroyers were sunk in nearby waters Baby Swallows Open Safety Pin Dies FORT DODGE ftV Rochclle Owen 7 months old daughter of Mr and Mrs G E Owen who swallowed an open safety pin died Saturday at Mercy hospital The childs parents did not know she had swallowed the pin which lodged first in her esophagus but later moved to her stomach until she was taken suddenly ill Thurs day Garner Pupils Enter said it was probable lhat some odd caiques Greek sailing vessels had reached the coast Describing the situation at lUalcmi is not so cood one source said German planes had continued to land troops there Friday and also had brought in some artillery anil some mor tars He said the artillery prob ably was 75 millimeter or small er TRAZIL has conducted huge JJ drainage projects of swamp areas lo open rich farmlands and check malaria in several low areas one of which is de scribed by W Earl Hal in the accompanying article At the left is sliown laborers often in deep water preparing the way for machine work In the lower picture is a dredge at work on a big canal in the Baivada lowlands of Brazil New President Says Knowledge of Past Is Needed for Present IOWA CITY Amid acade mic pomp and dignity Virgil M Handier 44 year old native lowan Saturday formally became presi dent of the Slate University of Iowa Handier who returned to his alma mater last Nov 1 to take over the executive post officially became the institutions 13th president since its founding near ly a century ago after rcccivin the induction in charge from Henry C Sluill of Kioux City president of the state board of ed ucation x A crowd of J400 persons in cluding 280 official delegates student and faculty representa tives were present at the in augural ceremonies in Iowa field house bedecked in the traditional Hawkeye colors old gold and black V In his inaugural address Han dier said the times require and the challenge to our way of life demands that we make clear the fundamental principles uh ourcultuial Our present bewilderment and uncertainty are not the result of loo much knowledge he said fhey arc the result of loo much ignorance If we have lost faith in our way of life and in our in stitutions it is because they have become commonplace they have ceased to have reality V T The young executive former ly a successful Chicago lawyer tola the group we have forgot ten our past We suffer from a kind of historical amnesia he said We face the future with our experience without the memory of mans achievements or his failures or without an understanding of those achieve ments and failures Handier declared that students could not assess the events of to day and reach sound conclusions concerning them unless they have a sound knowledge of the past He stressed fhe need for historical reasoning saying that a knowl edge of our intellectual past is necessary for an intelligent judg ment of the worth of that civili zation of which we are a part Eugene A Gilmore the man Handier succeeds in the presi dents post and three other edu cators were presented honorary decrees during the ceremonies Oilmorc currently dean of the University of Pittsburgh law school was conferred the degree doctor of laws by Uickl of the colle Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Fair ami warmer Saturday night nnd Sunday Strong southerly winds Sunday IOWA Fair wanner north Satur day night Sunday partly cloudy scattered showers cx tremc west in afternoon or night warmer west nnd cen tral Fresh to strong southerly winds Sunday and in wesl Sat urday afternoon MINNESOTA Fair and warmer Saturday night Sunday partly cloudy warmer east and south Fresh to strong southerly winds and in west portion Sat urday afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday GB Minimum Friday night 31 At 8 a m Saturday 59 YEAR AGO Maximum 71 Minimum 41 Dean Mason e of law Dr Lee P Sicg Iowa alumnus who is now president of the Univer sity of Washington Seattle and tdwm R Embree president of the Julius Rosenwald fund Chicago een sps large and si evenly matched lo an an nouncement by Supt S T Tweed four Garner pupils will tnkc part seauie and nuwuver even then there was m tlic annual brain derby at tdwm R Embree president of the o pitched battle between shins so Iowa City June 3 and 4 Jiimis ftncrnnnriri ri inrm Students passing the prelimin ary tests given in the local school and eligible to compete arc Mar jery Kenyon Latin 2 John Mil lard Latin 2 Marvin Rasmusscn biology and Barbara Schneider 12th grade literature fhe institute for advanced study Princeton N J wns conferred the degree doctor of lettersby Prof Norman Foerater director of the school of letters here Crusading Pastor to Leave Des Moines DES MOINES Thomas H Gallagher launched a citywirf against vice in Des Rev i 9ff mistiest battleship the 42 100ton battle cruiser Hood was blown up and sunk Saturday in battle between Iceland ami Greenland by the German battleship Bismarck The admiralty announced the loss Saturday night u UAVJas the nlost yet from the buttle of ine Atlantic upon which Britain counts so heavily Probably 1300 men were lost when the announcement ndicatecl unlucky hit irom the new 35000ton German shi ex 1P II milBKKinc o the Hood thc Eiant war Luetjens Is Leader of Nazi Forces BERLIN British battle ruiser the giant H M S Hood lias been destroyed by the new German battleship Bismarck in a naval battle of Behemoths off Tee land Germany announced offi cially Saturday night A second British capital ship had to turn away under thc as sault by nazi fleet units in mid Atlantic thc high command said An extraordinary communique commanded by Fleet Admiral Guenther tuetjens wlio prev iously lias been disclosed as dead of a nazi battleship unit which is credited with havinjr taken a huge toll ot British merchant shippinc Thc German announcement said its force came out of the battle without serious damages and continued its operations The brief communique said only A German fighting unit oper aling in the Atlantic under com mand of Fleet Commander Ad miral Luetjens ran into heavy English naval forces in waters around Iceland The battleship Bismarck des troyed an English battle cruiser apparently the Hood A further English battleship was forced to turn away t V German force continued its operations without serious dam age Iceland is about 500 miles north west of Scotland and about 150 miles from the nearest point in Greenland where an earlier Ger man announcement said Saturday German submarines have attacked a British convoy The reported battle was the first serious engagement between large units of the British and Ger man fleets since the fighting in the Skagerrak and along the KTor The Uismarck although hit herself apparently escaped lhe admiralty said she was being pursued This was Britains greatest nav ji disaster of thc wn her worst blow at sea since the battleship Koyal Oak was torpedoed in a daring submarine raid on the naval basc October H 938 when the war was less than two months old it came on Victoria clay mnct anniversary of the birth ol Queen Victoria The admiralty said the British and German naxal forces first met off thc coast of Greenland and that the Hood was sunk in the ensuing action which the Germans Placed near Iceland The Bis T nas not damaged The Bismarck at the battle po sitron between Greenland arid Jceiancl was approximately 1400 miles from her nearest large port German north sea coast At her top speed of approximately knots she could be expected take at least 41 hours to get home Greenland are sep arated by only about 2SO miles water Thus if both British anti German statements arc correct the battle appears to have begun in waters off the western hemis phere island of Greenland and stretched southeast into the vicin wegian coast during thc nazi in vasion of more than year ago However even then there was in the eastern wnntigij 71 f viiij j urtiujitrti ts also received the doctor of tlle Bismarck and the Hood each i Ejdelotte director of S Losses Would Run Into ity of Iceland hemisphere Besides the Hood and the Royal Oak the admiralty has acknowl edged these major British naval losses since the start of the war Five cruiscsrs 11 armed mer rnant cruisers 43 destroyersin cluding two 25 submarines The Hooda normal complement was 1341 men If Aii unlucky hit destroyed the Hood it said while she was carryingtlie flac of Vice Admir al L E Holland The admiralty issued this com munique British naval forces intercepted iis mornini off the coast of Greenland German naval forces including the battleship Bismarck The enemy were attacked and during the ensuing action H M S Ilood Captain R Kerr C B I N wearing the flag of Vice Ad miral L K Holland received unlucky blew in up magazine and The Bismarck has received damage and the pursuit of the enemy continues It is feared there will be few survivors from H M S Hood The 828000000 Hood had i speed of n2 knots and under corn over the opposition of fourfifths of the war in which our losses arc likely to run into the millions and in which victory had more chance to vote on the Iowa Boy 7 Killed When Attacked by 7 Brood Sows WASHINGTON Iowa angry brood sows bit and 11 5on of Mrand A brother Billy called their mother and an aunt With the a Mstance of a passing motorist they drove off the animals Floyd Vied an hour and a half later in 1 Washington hospital apparently between Greenland and Iceland but According to the British closer lo the Greenland coast Presumably that was what the British navy was hoping to catch the fast new German war craft far out at sea with British forces that were capable of the Kime pccd i Whether the nazis turned out in lie stronger than expected the Kismarrk cnns are about as heavy as those of the Hood wis not known hut he admir alty described the magazine hit that sank the Hood as unlucky 9 Tlie German communique de bcribcd the nuti warships as a bat tle squadron indicating consider able strength and said that one British battleship turned away after the Hoocl was destroyed but the admiralty 5aid the pursuit continued The ihip that sank the Hood had ;