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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 23, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND DEB COUP THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL U Associated Press and United Press full Leased Wiru Five Cents a Copyl MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MAY 23 1945 This Paper Consists ol Two So NO 1H INSIDE WASHINGTON Beck Backing Schwcllenboeh for Secretary of Labor Post Central Press Capital Stall Beck pow erful West Coast boss of the AFL Teamsters Union is reported back ing Federal Judge Lewis B Schivellenbaeh to succeed Frances Perkins as labor secretary when and she resigns Observers here take this to mean that Becks boss Dan Tobin president of the union is no longer seriously in the run ning for the job despite AFL as surance that Tobin is still the or ganizations only candidate Beck hails from Seattle and of course is well acquainted with Schwellenbacb who represented the state in the senate from 1935 to 1941 In addition Schwellenbach is said to have strong support from the Railroad Brotherhoods and was a close friend of President Truman when both were in the senate The CIO hasnt proclaimed itsell for any candidate WINSTON CHURCHILL RESIGNS Yanks Double Strength of Okinawa Line The Congressional Committee men who to Europe to Buechenwald and other horror camps had to be deloused be fore they could return to the United States The dread typhus carrying vermin the common companions of the regular inmates In disclosing this note of dis comfort Rep Dewey Short B Mo commented I was still scratching myself 3 days alter I got back although it was just my imagination The filth the stench and the horror of those hellholes was in describable I still have to pinch myself and ask Can those things I witnessed be true Short and Rep Thomason D Tex both suggested that every storm trooper and gestapo agent should be executed Congress will tackle one of its toughest as well as No 1 post war legislative problems when it starts hearings on the longpost poned proposal for universal peacetime military training The hearings will begin June 1 be fore thehouse committee on post war military policy Secretary of War Stimson and Navy Secretory Forrestal will be among the first witnesses About 100 veterans re ligious and educational organiza tiqns have asked to be heard as have several members of congress Va hopes to end the Hearings in 12 days The committee will report only to congress Actual legisla tion will be drawn up by the house military affairs committee which will also hold hearings its ovn LUNGETHROUGH YONABARU TO THREATENNAHA Add Yards to Front to Give Americans Room for Maneuvers Guam spectacular lunge by the U S 7th infantry division through and beyond strategic Yonabaru virtually doubled the length of the southern Okinawa line Wednesday and imperiled Japanese defenses safeguarding Naha and the fortress city High government officials say that this countrys unparalleled war production has so depleted mineral resources that in a few years after the war substantial supplies of important minerals have to be imported The situation is such they contend that in time U will be clear that the United States is not selfsuf ficient an fl that it will have to have selfdefense lifelines that reach to outside countries The contention will be widely used in argument for a more liberal foreign trade policy and the low ering of domestic tariff barriers High grade iron ore deposits are expected to be near depletion in 12 years copper in 25 years bauxite in 4 or 5 years High grade zinc ore will also have to be imported from abroad they claim Shuri The flanking drive aimed at supply roads vital to the enemy added nearly 4000 yards to the front which had been so narrow American troops had little room to maneuver to advantage Maj Gen Archibald V Arnold com mander of the 7th said The 7th refreshed by a two weeks rest followed the 98th in fantry division into ruined rain spatered muddy Yonabaru Tues day then moved on into the hills 1000 yards beyond in a surprise predawn attack that caught the enemy by surprise The doughboys seized the north ern end of a strategic line of ridges along the east coast be tween Rioi and Intarashiku and occupy heights from which their guns overlook supply roads to Shuri in the center of the line Yonabaru second largest Oki nawa town was entered by Jlaj Gen James L Bradleys 96th di vision late Monday and was the first major town on the island to fall into American hands In the darkness of Tuesday morning opposed only by sniper fire 7th division elements sloshed through Yonabaru cut the east west traffic artery between that town and the capital city of Naha and established strong positions on the ridges Officers expressed confidence the men could hold the ridges against enemy counterattacks Report New Advances on Luzon Island Manila throwing tanks used in the Luzon island campaign for the first time led strong American ground forces in successfully storming a formidable mountain ridge in the Manila wa tershed Tuesday The new offensive faciics by Maj Gen William C Chases 381h division coincided wifh Gen Douglas MacArthurs announce ment of important advances on Mindanao island in the southern Philippines topped by the 31st di visions occupation of Malabalay Jungle growth was burned out of iavines and off hillsides as though swept by forest fires as the namethrowing tanks ed Sflth di vision doughboys in a spectacular assault on Woodpecker Ridge The ridge for which the Yanks have been fighting for 3 weeks took Us name from enemy machine guns on it Tanks fanned down wooded draws which have been conceal ing enemy guns Other tanks crashed in w i t h direct gunfire while field artillery antiaircraft guns and precision dive bombers concentrated on the ridge When the ridge was taken the Yanks counted 330 dead Japanese raising the divisions total to 1C 334 since it opened the Bataan campaign nearly 4 months ago Woodpecker Ridge was the dominating height between the 38th and the Marikina river and had been one of the main bar riers in its drive to recapture Wawa dam Japanese were still entrenched in 1 o w e r ridges and formidable mountains beyond the i CAPTURED GERMAN POINTS OUT ONE OF MALMEDY captured wehrmacht soldier puts the finger on another showing an American MP an SS trooper in a lineup who he said was one of those guilty of murdering American prisoners of war at Malmedy Belgium These Germans were captured near Passau Germany by the U S 3rd army AP wirephoto Kayenay engraving ridge Immediately to the north the 43rd division counted 300 dead making a toll of 1964 trapped Japanese who have been killed in the area Strong Japanese defensive caves on a pockmarked ridge stalled Jhe 25th division on the northern Luzon front The ridge is just north of Balete pass American held entrance to fertile Cagayan valley The ridge held out against 1 days of continuous as sault Mindanao the 31st division f w tilt Aav The return the 7th to action liberated the Bnkidnon provincial pitted five American division three army infantry and two ma the hard fighting Nipponese This thrust cut off some Japa nese between Yonabaru and the heights It extended an envelop ing arm a considerable distance south of key Shuri If the men of the 7lh succeed in pushing south along the north south ridge line they will have positions completely dominating Okinawas major roads and 2 rail running southeast from lines Naha The nation is going to be on a short sugar diet for of 1945 with sharp reductions in the amounts of candy soft drinks and cako available In an effort to cope with the sugar shortage the OPA is reducing allotments to commercial users from 70 per cent of their J941 amount to 45 or 50 per cent starting July 1 This may mean an even greater drop in the amount sweets pro duced since manufacturers claim they may not be able to operate efficiently with short supplies and assert the cuts will force many out of business Housewives too will not be able to make up the de ficiency of candy and bakery pro ducts at home Thesugar stamp has been cut and OPA have been ordered to hten up on their home canning fitment Only 600000 tons have jreBn for home canning this I as against 1000000 tons a Army in Syria Restricted Beyrouth troops in Syrianvere confined lo their bar racks Wednesday as strikes and riots protesting their presence spread through the country Da mascus dispatches reported Strikes paralyzed business Damascus the Syrian capital and other towns jji Lebanon was quieter However Beyrough students held an or derly demonstration during which they visited parliament and the premiers office The students in cluding some from Beyrouths American university proclaimed their willingness to join the Leba nese national army Once the rear is cleared the 7th would be able to mount artillery on the ridges and stymie Japanese supply lor the Shuri line with di rectly observed fire In the center and on the west marine and infantry operations irere curtailed by heavy rains On he west sideof the line the Jap anese threw in one of their fre quent counterattacks before dawn Tuesday but the first marine divi sion of JIaj Gen Pedro A Del Valle crushed it killing80 of the enemy Maj Gen Lemuel C Shepherd Jrs 6th marine division strength ened its position along the Asato river in the northern edge of Naha At dusk Monday 12 or more enemy planes attempted to raid ships of the U S Pacific fleet supporting the Okinawa operation Wednesdays communique said 8 planes were shot down and the remainder retired from the area without causing damage Sunday and Monday carrier based planes of the British Pacific fleet attacked air bases flocks and other facilities in the Sahishima group southernmost of the Ryukus and shot down an enemy plane The communique said Japanese planes caused a few casualties but lost 2 raiders in a lowlevel night atlack Monday on Americanwon Iwo where the Yanks still are picking off enemy stragglers Be tween May 13 and 19 94 more Nipponese were killed on Iwo and capital of Malaybalay an agricul tural and governmental center of 18000 population Its small air field of little military value was overrun To the south the 24th division finding only moderate resistance advanced 4 miles to within 2 miles of Licanan airdromes the only airfield remaining in Japanese hands in southeastern Mindanao The 24lh occupied Hang town on the northxvest shore of Davao gulf On the cast coast of Luzon the first cavalry division gained 2 miles to take Port Real on the coastal highway south ol Infanta Infanta due east of Manila is virtually encircled by the first cavalry division and a strong band guerrillas Big 5 Powers Divided on Question of Veto in New World Peace Organization San Francisco lastminute division appeared among the Big5 at the united nations conference Wednesday over the veto power they should wield in a world organization intended to keep peace British ciiplamats are urging other powers to renounce their claim to the right of veto but only in so far as it applies to the investigation of international dis putes A single no vote still could block any steps toward peacably settling a dispute Heretofore the top countries DISAGREEMENT DELAYS TRIALS Oppose U S Plan for Trying War Criminals Washington fJR Allied dis agreement is delaying the trials top nazis it was learned Wednesday A highly reliable source said the other united nations have not yet accepted the American plan to try chief nazi offenders before an international military tri bunal This source was confident that agreement would be forthcoming but could not predict when the trials might begin He confirmed reports that Great Britain has expressed strong op position to the American plan for j have insisted upon keeping intact their individual veto control over peacekeepinff decisions Some within the United States delega lion are reported leaning toward the new British stand but there is no indication thus far that it would be acceptable to the Rus sians The whole veto issue is rapidly coming to a head There is the possibility that on a showdown small nations might outvote the Big 5 in conference committees and force changes which one or more ol the mnjor nations would find unacceptable Most speculation in this con nection centers on Russia Also some American authorities doubt hat he United States senate would ratify 3 world lea grue char ter which did not reserve to this country authority to prevent oth er nations from fakiiiff a hand in western hemisphere affairs with out American consent v An argument ilong this line also is being made to the Latin American states as a practical reason why they should support the veto In the hands of the United States the argument goes the veto right could be used to prelect the working of the Pan American system in the mainte nance of peace in this hemisphere The British move is being made in connection with bigpower ef forts to answer a list of questions submitted by smaller nations on houthe veto would work The formula asrecd on by the Bisr3 at Yalta this spring would allow a majority of any 7 nations on the llnation security council lo decide a procedural question No one iias ever defined exactly what procedural means If the big powers decided that the inilial decision to look into a threatening situation was in sending new Senegalese troops into the Levant states which are former French mandates that gained their independence the war A French delegation spokesman said France ivas within her rights under reservations made at the time independence was granted and that France had to maintain her dominant positions in the Levant test some other great power movehi 2 The question of aumiUiru other stales to the proposed inter national organization has been posed indireclly and unofficially in connection i t h the soviet union D Z ManuilsJcy chieJ delegate of the Ukraine said lie expected that in very great de gree other Soviets would seek ad mission to the league There are 16 soviels in all The largesl ol which Moscow is the capital anc the neKt greatest the Ukraine and White Russia are members of this conference That leaves 13 others to go if all evenlually request ad RAIN DELAYS STATE MEET afatison halted play i in the 1st game of the opening round of the state baseball tour nament here Wednesday morning and the SomersRooseveH of Cei dar Rapids game was scheduled j to get under way again ALLIES ARREST DOENITZ REGIME Hold Flensburg Officials as Prisoners ol War Flensljurg Ge r m a n y CUR Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz a members of his acting Germa government and the entire Gel man high command were arreste at 10 a m Wednesday by allie authorities The Doenitz regime which suc ceeded Adolf Hitlers nazi govern ment was dissolved after its brii lifetime devoted largely to man ipulatin Germanys formal sur render Marshal Wilhelm Keitel chic of the high command was re vealcd to have been in custody a a war prisoner since May 14 Along with Doenitz and Keite scores of German officers we made prisoners of war Amon them was Col Gen Guslav Jod Middle Hands designation o Truman Washington UR President ruman has received the resig ation of Attorney General Fran s Biddle and will make an an ouncement regarding it at a press nd radio conference Wednesday fternoon the white house ounced Wednesday White House Secretary Charles Ross refused to say that the residents announcement later Wednesday will be acceptance of lie Biddle resignation It was fully expected however nat the resignation will bo ae epted Hoss said the Biddle resignation vas submitted along with all olhei abinet resignations to Presiden ruman shortly after he took of ice 11 is customary for all cabi iet officers to submit their resig lations with a change of adminis ration Biddles resignation and the residents determination to ac ept it have been rumored here or some time Former Sen Louis J Schwellenbach now a federal district judge in Washington stale has Seen mentioned among others as a probable successor to Biddle Schwellenbach was in Washing on and saw Mr Truman 2 weeks ago Since then he has returned o Spokane It was reliably re ported that he returned to clean up the docket of his federal court preparatory to returning to Wash ngton to accept a post in the Tru nan administration Ever since Mr trumau became president on April 12 it has been believed here that among the first cabinet members to go would be the attorney general One cabinet change already has been formally determined On June 30 Postmaster General Frank Walker will be succeeded by Dem ocratic National Chairman Robert E Hannegan BRITAIN WILL GO TO POLLS EARLY IN MY King Asks Prime Minister to Form Interim Government London ifI Prime Minister Churchill resigned Wednesday and King George VI accepted the resignation and asked him to form a new administration In San Francisco 5 members of the British delegation to the world security conference offered their resignations following the resig nation of Churchill British spokesmen promptly emphasized that this conformance with parlia mentary practice will not funda mentally affect efforts to write a world organization charter Churchills resignation formally broke up the ivartime coalition chief German staff who surrender signed the at Reims Keilel signet a like document at Berlin The dissolution of the Voemtz regime came a day after the dis closure that an allied control party had been organized to su pervise the task of breaking up the last organized fragment of nazi Germany Allied supreme headquarters hnd made it plain throughout that it was using the Doenitz setup as Expect Petain Trial to Begin m June Paris of 89 year old former chief of state Marsha Philippe Petain on treason charges is expected lo start in June a ministry of justice official said Wednesday A thief defense witness will be Prof Louis Rougier who wil come Irom the United Slates to tell the court about the famous secret allegedly signed by Pelain and British Prime Min ister Churchill in 1940 Ihe Unit cd Press learned This treaty whose exislene has twice been denied by th British government supposedlj was an understanding that Viclij reserved the right lo repel any allied attack against the Frenc empire in return for a promise t reenter the war on the allied sid at a propitious moment We have documents concern temporary tool lo expedite the ing this treaty and they show i surrender of the Germans HITLERS DEATH MERCY KILLING cabinet formed in Britains dark est days in 1940 A general elec tion the first in Britain in IQ years is expected to be called tor July 5 Churchill ivas expected to form new government within a few lours to serve until after the elec ion Labor party ministers who hare ill the cabinet the responsi ility for prosecuting the war have signified their determina ion to have no part in the ad ministration until elections are leld The kings acceplance of ihurchills resignation vas an lounced formally at 10 Downing street through the fninistry ol in ormation The announcement said Churchill accepted his majestys offer of Ihe post to prime minister and kissed hands upon nis appointment Three weeks must elapse under an interparty agreement before the monarch dissolves the heavily conservativeparliamenL Lnbor ministers who have served in the coalition cabinet since 1940 were given a mandate by their party earlier this week to resign if an election was forced at flus time Labor is Ihe 2nd most numerous party Churchill is expected to lead a new caretaker government into commons when it reassembles Tuesday The British Press association predicted that the new govern ment would include such men as Sir John Anderson Sir James Gritrg and Lord Leathers who were prewar businessmen with out political backgrounds All were called into the government to do special Jobs The full list is not expected to be ready before Sunday or Mon day as Churchill will need the intervening time to fill vacancies left by the departure of labor and liberal ministers Churchill who led Britain from its most desperate days of the war to the unconditional surren der of Germany Rave Kinjf George his resignation at noon as prime minisler first lord of the treasury and minisler of defense His action will bring about Great Britains first general elec tion in 10 years early in Tuly He had hekl lie office since May 10 1040 when he succeeded Neville Chamberlain during some of the darkest days of the war Flensburg Germany day afternoon The game was sian intelligence reports to su stopped after IVi innings ol playj preme headquarters said Wednes j Support the 7th i Buy War Bonds with Roosevelt leading 4 to 0 If weather is favorable it is expected to play all 4 first round contests including the Mason CilyDowlrn game Wednesday afternoon dural it Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobcGazctlc carrier boy Weather Report day that Hitler died in a mercy killing Hitler was paralyzed and insane with pain the last 5 days of his life a high supreme headquarters official quoted a Russian general as reporting a a military tribunal British offi ing the vcto from sucl decisions 134 taken prisoner American planes operating off the main Japanese homeland island of Honshu shot down a glider probably destroyed an enemy plane and sank 2 small car go ships Monday More small shipping was hit in the same sec tor Tuesday NAZIS IN BRITAIN London Herman Goering and Marshal Von Rundstedt former German com mander in the west have beer brought to Britain it was learned Wednesday cials he said prefer an agree ment to punish nazi war criminals by means of political treaty de cisions among the united nations concerned Earlier rcporls of Britains al titude said British authorities feared military trials might pro duce evidence embarrassing to some political elements This source had nothing to say regard ing reasons for the British stand The U S plan for a military tribunal was handed to united nations diplomats at San Fran cisco by Judge Samuel Rosen man white house adviser earlier only to top nazi this rionth It applied criminals those whose crimes can not be pinned to a specific geographical and to nazi organizations such as the 1 gesfapo and nazi party It would mean that even though i 2 or 3 of the big nations were against going into a situation the council still might vote to do sr Answers to the ineslions will not be agreed upon finally before Secretary of State Stcttinius re turns from his conference on urg ent diplomatic problems with President Truman in Washington He is due back toward the week end In his absence conference ma chinery was still rolling smoothly toward completion of the task of charting a new world league in the next 10 days or 2 weeks And along with it problems of the kind the league may find most troublesome were swiftly accumu lating I Delegates of Syria and Le banon here accused France of political pressure and coercion FORECAST j f a s o n City Partly cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday Scattered showers Continued ALLIES TAKE STREIGHER loiva Partly T J u 1 i us Stretcher the notorious Jewbait I er has been captured on a farm in i cloudy Wednesday i fllc Bavarian hills by officers of night and Thursday with widely j tne airborne division scattered showers Wednesday the capture of Streicher night or Thursday Continued mild morning iMinncsola Partly cloudy and warmer Wednesday night and Thursday with scattered light showers Wednesday night and Thursday morning IN MASON CITY Maximum Tuesday 64 Minimum Tuesday 43 At B a m Wednesday 54 Precipitation 02 inches YEAR AGO Maximum 78 Minimum 61 Heinrich Himmler and Joachim i von Ribbentrop arc foremost j among Ihe top still at large Streicher was taken in the same general area wheve Goering and other nazi leaders lately have A statement been seized It also was announced that Gen Franz von Epp the defender ol Munich was in custody He had been reported among those in the Goering party after the surrender near Schloss Fischhorn on the Zeller Zee never got beyond Ihe sUiRe of notes the justice ministry of ficial said Petain will be accused of be traying the republic because he Churchills resignation was pre wantcd a fascist France cipitated by the labor partys re fusal to continue in the coalition government now that Germany is defeated An oldfashioned political cam i paign already was underway with the opposition press lam pooning the prime minister Churchills resignation was pre j sented fo King George at Buck I ingham palace I The general expectation was that the election would be held July 5 and that Churchill would remain at the head of a care taker government until the new parliament sealed The elec tion will be held with Mr Churchill a the peak of his popu larity as leader of the government at the time in Europe In the lasl election in 1935 the voters returned 431 conservatives to commons Churchill fs leader of the conservative party The 2nd largest sroup is the labor party led by Deputy Prime Minister Clement Alice The ministry of information made this announcement issued from No 10 Downing street The h o n or a b 1 e Winston Churchill had an audience with the king at 12 noon Wednesday and tendered his resignation as from Vice Attm prime minister and first lord of J H Towers deputy commander the treasury and minister of de in chief U S Pacific fleet and fense Pacific ocean areas Presumably the king will now recent victories in Europe j ask Churchill to form a care and the Pacific must not lull any taker government to serve dur of us into the purchase of feucr the interim period until a new Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy war bonds We are still at war election can decide differences be ajd every American citizen must the conservatives led by hasten and assure our ultimate the premier and the labor party and complete victory by the purj which Tuesday advocated a social chase of more war bonds than I i ever before t economy Precipitated by Churchills re ;