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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 23, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME TheyToo Are Americans Brazil Is 15 Times as Big as France EDITORS NOTE Tim another ol 4 series Of articlrs v ritten by iari Hail Masou Ciiv GlobeGazette managing editor In ttit course of a four tbroutb SoulJi America as one of a parly of 11 juests of the Carnegie Endowment far International Peace THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MAY 23 1941 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT 14 MEN KILLED IN EXPLOSION IN MINE IN INDIANA Believe Mixture of Gas and Dust Caused Disaster Underground BICKNELL Ind bodies of J4 miners killed by an explosion in the Panhandle mine near here were brought to the surface Friday one by one Seventeen other men working on the same level emerged safely from Die underground workings by a circuitous 2f mile route after the explosion Thursday night Somebody with a yen for figures j Jack Ogitvic or likkiiell in has found that the cultivated area charge of the professional res Number 64 By W EARL HALL ABOARD THE ARGENTINA WEARING the eve of setting foot lor the first time on the soil of Brazil it should prove helpful to not to take a quick look at the geographical immensity of this South American nation For one thing it will remind me that in our six weeks visit to Colombia Ecuador Peru Chile Argentina Uruguay anl Brazil we will no more than scratch the sur face so far as really knowing South America is concerned It should tend to make me properly humble Brazil is of course the larg est nation in South America More than that it is larger than our own United States unless we include Alaska It equals con tinental U S plus a second Texas Its 3300000 square miles is almost half of the total area of this continent BRITISH MAKE CRETE GAINS i i A w v v KeportAMtesRetake Candia Retimo in Fierce Fights 4 J BHkl rr i TT W K Brazil alone is greater than all England France Italy Belgium Portugal Sweden and Iceland combined Strangely enough however all of the Brazilian land on which coffee is cultivated equals only about a fifth of the area of Ohio Fifteen Prances could be squeezed into Brazil 63 Englands Cubas 953 Puerto Rico Its appreciably larger than all of Europe except Russia Seacoast counts up to 4000 miles approxi mately twice that the TJ S on the Atlantic and Pacific oceans UAWCIO Gain Victory in Ford Vote DETROIT United Automobile Workers claring itself ready to draw a curtain on the past planned Fri day to begin collective bargaining immediately with the Ford Motor company last of the auto motive industrys big three to come within the unions scope All that remained to confirm tlie UAWCIO victory in the largest employe election of na tional labor relations board his tory was certification by the NLRE at Washington Frank II Bowen XLttB regional director estimated he winning union would be designated in 10 days i It J Thomas UAWCIO presi j dent said that in addition to ade quate recognition the union would seek a 10cent hourly wage boost a system of seniority1 lo govern layoffs and with pa3r The UAWCIO is ready lo draw the curtain on the past Thomas announced We are anxious to erase all bitterness and Hours earlier liis crew had car substitute for it genuine coopera ned out bodies of Charles Wright live baraininE Ai nf Ti ii i i cue squad on duty said the seven corpses badly burned were discovered about 500 feet west of the first two which had no burns They could not be identified immediately R slightly Thecurrerit eStimatefbi Brazil is 50000000 which is only j a little more than a third oi U S f It is the only country in South 1 America with an official language other than Spanish Here Portu gueie is the going tongue French is the second language Spanish is understood but not appreciated Geographers have calc u 1 a t e rj that on a basis of area and physi cal resources Brazil could sustain population of i limes the present population In j this calculation U S A was sec J ond with a potential of 500000 J 000 China third with 450000000 fourth with 400000000 and fifth with 220000000 All of this is reflective o the undeveloped potential in this nation I am about to visit Al though Brazil was known to Europeans 120 years before the Pilgrims set foot on Plymouth Rock in its industrialdevelop ment it is scarcely as far along as TJ S was at the time of our Civil war ftl At K There is a wealth of interesting jfilistory clustering about Brazil ifedro Alvares Cabral Portuguese ixplorer discovered Brazil in 500 He and his companions were Seeking treasure from India They Mound what they thought was BJrazil wood it later turned out Hfl be something else and the Riame of Brazil was given to tht jerriiory Colonization got sci iouslv under in 1530 under Martini At1 Eonsa da Souza It w a s from razil that the Portuguese con Licted their competition with the for the control of South erica In 1803 when Napoleon Portugal the Portuguese Ing John VI fled to Brazil AI V a dozen years here he returned I Lisbon leaving a son in Ihe lazilian regency j This son Dom Pedro straiglil the of Brazil and set limself up as first emperor in a Voodless revolution During his Ierme and that of his lere Brazils only two cmpcr slaves by the thou ilids were brousht in from Ifrica Today there is an cnor lous colored population in eon last with Argentina W At It was not until afl I neighboring nations took the Iblic Emperor Dom Pedro H proved an excellent ruler and at material progress had been Ice in the half century of his Brazil now operates under a cd 1 constitution Down through years however the stales Inprising the confederation have fcrcised large individual auton Sao Paulo wealthiest state v had far more than its fair Ire of voice in government Imng one president after anoth 1 rvow however under a dicta all this has been changed 42 of Bickncll the night bos and James JVI Smith CD of Johns town a loader Five other men also trapped with the nine and were believed dead Ogilvie expressed belief gas or a mixture oC gas and dust had causea the explosion He said ipajct of tbe in irie wasrbadly iorn P The blast occurred 325 feet below he surface at p m central standard time Thursday night only an hour and 50 min utes before the mine was schcd close for the niffht f The scene of the blast Sea of Candia BRITISH ADMIT WAZ FOOTHOLD ATAWLEMJ AND MAIN ROADS SECONDARY ROADS Mediterranean Sea German parade inland of Crete British headquarters announcci Friday C 1C was in the fifth vein about 2000 feet from the main shaft The men were loading coal at the lime of the explosion Ernest r Stivers secvetary treasurer of the company said the cause of the explosion was not yet known There had been no blast ing in the mine since late after noon Damage to workings was slight Robert English of Bicknell who was at work on the same level about 2000 feet avvav said that the blast felt like a of air It deafened us for awhile We couldnt even hear the cutting machine Thirtyone men were in the mine when the blast occurred IOKD AUSTIN DIES LONDON Austin 75 manufacturer of the Austin auto mobile died Friday at his home near Bromsgrove Michael F Widman Jr vho headed the unions Ford organi zational drive predicted that Uithin a feiv days practically all theFord workers who voted for the AFL or no union will be CIO members now that this overwhelmingvote hasrsliowji that the UAWCIO is indispiit abJy the choice of the vastma jority Harry If Bennett Ford per sonnel director termed the vote a great victory for the commun ist party Gov Murray Van Wagoner and the national labor relations board y The law provides that we must live with them and we nev er violate the law he added Finalc unofficial figures gave the union almost 70 per cent of the Rouge plant vote and more than 73 per cent of the Lincoln phnit vote Following arc the to tals nnd percentages 51EGG per American Federation of Labor federal union 20304 2745 per no union 1958 264 per challenged 3492 L i n c o 1 C f O 2008 7324 AFL federal union 587 2143 per no union 146 533 per chal lenged 181 Neither the company nor the union has revealed present Ford wage rates but Bennett last week said raises totaling 513600000 had been granted some 53024 French Not to Give Up Fleet DARLANDENIES CONCESSIONS Former Showgirl Killed in Pljunge hourly workers since Jan 1 Hitler Never Asked for Fleet Colonies People BV THE ASSOCIATED PRESS VICHY France mier Admiral Jean Darlan told the French people Friday that Adolf Hitler had not asked France for her fleet in current ne gotiations and declared firmly I will never hand it Nor has Hitler asked for co lonial concessions said the vice premier The chancellor did not ask me lo hand over our fleet lo him Darlan asserted in a broadcast Everyone the Eng lish better than I will never hand it over The chancellor did not ask me for any colonial territory He did not ask me to declare war on Eng I land Why lias he acted so Germany began Ihe war alone ami judges herself able lo end it alone against no matter what coalition On the result of negotiations in course Darlan asserted di rectly depends the future oi France It is necessary for her to choose between life and death The marshal and government liavc chosen life lie emphasized thai in June j 1910 the victor could have re fused us an armistice beaten us nnd wiped France off the map of Ihc he did not do it Now Darlan said in Miv 1311 the victor has agreed to ne gotiate with the French gov ernment The vice premier said he had gone lo Berchlesgaden lo confer with Atioif Hitler at Ihe fuehrers immcst bl said that France Henry F Scfirickcr of Indiana Vvhicil slle Frances Stulz II u i p m a n former showgirl and beauty contest winner and wife of John Huppnian fell or jumped from the terrace of a fifth floor penthouse apartment at New York City after calling goodbje to her husband She was impaled on a picket fence in the courtyard and died later in a hospital LEAVES PEN TO CRACK VAULT Governor Grants One Day Parole So Old Bill Can Pull Job L A P O H T E LOOK INSIDE FOR Battle Is Picture of Future War DElVITf MACKENZIE The battle of Crete which pre sents a new phase of war so fan tastic it has existed heretofore only in the imaginations of romancers is giving us an unforgettable pic ture or Ihe armed conflict ot the immediate the air will play an increasingly vital part in the European conflict until the end That point is worth emphasis for as this column has pointed before I believe the deci sion in the Rreal engagement of the near cast which is HOW opening up iiill depend in m small ilcjricc oil Ihe air Intlecd aerial operations may iirove to be Ihc decisive factor Whatever may be the oulcumc or tins daring descent from Ihe clouds into the enemy camp on the mountainous isle of Crete Hitler has demonstrated that this form of jitlack is practicable Thus it is bound to form a powerful weapon of offense from now or and ii is notable that Coniianv is the only nation tiuls far fully equipped to wage this now tviie of war The heavy British royal air fotee attack on the German ex peditionary lorce in African Libya is a natural answer to the nazi as sault on Crete The immediate puipose of the British command is to compel Ihe nazis to divert to Libya n part of the airfleet they are using against the Greek island in itself is an indication of ROBERT H IHNCKLEVr CAA Chief Leaves to Observe in England BRITAINS NAVY BLASTS GERM AN CONVOY SHIPS Parachutists Fail to Receive Aid by Sea as Great Fight Rages BULLETINS LONDON UI ish and Greek defenders of Crete were reported au thoritatively Friday to he inflictinK heavy slaugh ter on German air in vaders while the British navy wages the greatest buttle of all time against air power in an effort to prevent landing of axis seaborne reinforcements LONDON Friday Ul from Cairo Fri day said that probably half the estimated 20000 Ger man troops landed in Crete had been killed or wounded and expressed belief that the invasion attempt had failed IAGE 2 White Sox Gloomy as Draft Looms for Rigney SPORTS PAGE North Iowa Draft Officials Meet STATE PAGE Intl Estimate3983 of Aussies Casualties in Greek Campaign MELBOURiVK Australia An olficial estimate Friday placed Australian casualties in Ihc Greek campaign at 3083 including sick nnd wounded but the figure was described as incomplete and Old Bill Schutter a cun j vicled murderer collaborated Kri day to turn in a neat job The vault of William iUeinke Sons truck firm was jammed and the snagged combination was too much for local safe exports Pres ident William Mcinke called the local jail to borrow a yegg but Ihe jail was fresh out The police suggested Old Bill IVtllinm A serving a life term for the mur der at Michigan City prison Hut they added tiiat the gover nors consent on a one dav pa role was necessary The governor granted the pa role Old Uill applieda stethoscope professionally to the lock with out success Then he drilled for four hours and the door open 1 learned il all in the pen1 he said Never cracked a safe before tn my life1 has taken At no moment in the con versations Hitler was there a question of France aban doning in any way her sover eignty he saitl emphatically Darlan told the French people their duty was clearly Follow the marshal Retain and aid him with all your force I as I am doing in his work ot naj iional rcstoratioti Lilcc him like your thoughts Weather Report FORECAST MASON Friday night Saiurday nntl Sunday Warmer Saturday and Sunday IOWA Fair Friday night Satur me spired only by France be the interests of Map of Brazil liiscrl Trcsincnt Gctulio Vanas BAD WEATHER GROUNDS KAF j LONDON wcalhcr fori the second successive nisht kept the Royal Air Force and the lutt waffc Rroundcd Thursday night IlAX S RITKS ALBIA services will be held here Saturday for Jlits Jane Hilton Monroe countyV oldest resident She died Wednesday MYSTERY Rood the Thrilling New GlobeGazette Serial Death at the Switch By Richord Houghton I Turn to comic flay and cooler ex treme east Friday night warm er Saturday and Sunday AIIiViVESOTA Fair Friday night and Saturday warmer Sauiri day and in northwest Friday night j EXTENDED IOKECAST i Extended weather forecast for tlic period from p m May 23 lo p m CST May 28 Upper Mississippi vallev a n ri temperature will I average 11011 or slightly above normal Seasonable Saturday J warmer Sunday and over south and central portions of area iUon day becoming cooler at end of period Precipitation will average light to moderate mostly as show ers toward end of period IN MASON CITY J 11 iviiuit the gravity of Ihc threat in tlc German rtlud There also may be a double purpose in the British bombard ment of the nazi column in Africa Allied Commander Chief Wavell may be ready o Jnaaffuratc a laud offensive against the axis forces which arc standing close to the liaii border ready for a thrust towards the great naval base of Alexandria and the Suez a As the chessmen sit in tlic board HOW that would seem lo oc General Wavells Krcnt move With the suelling f the con ma in the near cast French man dated Syria has become n point ir vast importance lo bolh sides m the conquest The first bellig erent to occupy Syria with mili tary forces will have secured a key position Recognition of this is seen in the reported advance of free French forces into Syria from Palestine It is seen too in Brit ains warning to Vichy French collaboration with that Ger lo many force the allies strike a warning which directed at least in part to the fact that iiiiKi ivarplaaes arc IHj ig Syrian airdromes in transit to Iraq to support the revolt there against tho Britisii For he British Syria would form a barrier against advance to the ciiiiaj through Palestine winch is n many respects the By TJIEASSOCIATED PRESS T LONDON Candia and Retimo two nazi footholds on the island ot1 Crete have been recaptured in fierce handto liand figrhtiiiir the British re polled officially Friday and other information indicated that the tide of battle on the Greek island generally swinging to Britains advan tage A hirjre part of this was credited to the British flcel which was said to have shattered all attempts bv the ermans to get sea h u r n o reinforcements of men and heavy material to their shy shock troops who have been flouting down by air in Crete for four days At both Candia the islands largest city and at Ketimo a middle east general head quarters communique said the Germans gained a tem porary lodgment but after severe handtohand fighting ueimun detachments n r e accounted for and the situa tion in both places is Candia is about half way I iiottl eoa1 and Rclimo is 3ll most logical route British con GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 7 Minimum in Night At 3 a m Friday 54 YEAR AGO trol there also would relieve he German pressure against Turkey mailer of the utmost concern to the allies at this inoiiieil Should Ihc Germans gain pos session of Crclc they presumably would malic an early assault on Britain s great naval base of Cy prus off ihe Syrian coast How ever it would be logical for them first o try lo establish themelves in Syria Possession of Crete would put them in a much better posilion for this operation It not would provide 3 convenient bisc for air opcralions but would destroy the powerful vise which the British had estab lished on he Mediterranean scalanr between Crete im tlic I ort of Totiruk on the compar atively nearby coast if Libya British Premier Cluirchil has Mid that the allies will fight fn Crete and Tnbruh The reason lies in they flank the unly lo the death the fact that ea lane lead miles farther west SUM a bitter battleground thr miles soiitl west f canci in tho Suda Bflv aea where airborne nazi troop acknowledged still lo be a British have admitted losing hat anbase but it still is dominated by their artillery In the JIalemi area the war bulletin said our countcral ack was partially successful Dut the German parachutists re ceived considerable rcinforcc niciif1 lalcr in the clay and the attack did not progress further Although the Lommuniquc said Uetc was nttnckcxl heavily and persistently Thursday with the Germans making determined cT forts lo fly in more troops an authoritative ourcc in London said the situation was certainly as it uas 21 hour ago So liiiig as the Iiritib navy can ward off a threatened invasion by sea this source said there is every reason lo believe that the airborne atlsick must fail and so mr it has prevented any success ful sea invasion All attempts to land forces on the island from the sea have jng to the extreme eastern tip of i failed he declared flatly the Mediterranean wherein uti IJCS the naval base of Alexandria the entrance o the Suez canal the British base on the Isle of Cyprus and that important coast of Svria by the sllfes liesj The greatest battle between an Minimum 41 and power ever fought is probably now taking place off Crete ihss source said He ac to 1m HIKj aid any nyfl Thc atlack on Cyprus i uiscr several e claimed destroyer ;