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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 23, 1940, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVI NfWSPAPCR THAT MAKfS ALL NORTH IOWANS NtlCHIOtS HOME EDITION ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES MASOK CITY THE iRIGHT SPOT MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MAY 23 1940 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 196 NAZI FORCES REACH CHANNEL RagjniL Boulogne NAVY BILL GETS SENATES 0 K BY 780 MARGIN Roosevelt to Speak to Nation on Sunday Concerning Defense WASHINGTON sen ate approved the navy appropriations bill Thurs day hastening the administra tions extraordinary national de fense program far toward final congressional action The roll call vote was unani mous 78 toO Approval which came with z speed like that with which the armys share of the program was swept through the senate Wednesday came shortly after the white house announced that President Roosevelt would speak to the nation Sunday night on the nations defense need and condition A total of 2970 airplanes 2500 of which would be training ships to fill the needs of an expanding training program would be pro vided under terms of the navy bill Counting out a relatively small numberof replacements most of these would augmentthe present fleet of 1800 exist ing planeslmd being built Proposed aviation expenditures of would include 545000000 also tor development of airplane shore facilities The fleet would get 000 in emergency funds for the expedition of ship buildinc 575000000 for armor and am munition and SS00 0000 for modernization of the battle ships New York Texas and Arkansas These amounts would be in ad dition to in regular appropriations to speed the work on two battleships an aircraft earner two cruisers eight de stroyers four submarines and five auxiliary ships Emergency funds also would make possible the expansion of the navys enlisted personnel from 145000 to 170000 and the marine corps personnel from 25000 to 34000 The measure carrying 776000 in emergency funds in serted by the senateafter President Roosevelt asked im mediate expansion of the de fense program now goes to the house for action on amendments There it joins the army appropriations measure passed 74 to 0 Wednesday by Ihe senate In approving the navy meas ure the senate voted for cash ap propriations of and contract authority for future ex pendilures of The fireside chat the chief executives first since the out break of the European war Sept 3 will be carried by the three na tional radio networks It will be gin at p m CST and is ex pected to last halt an hour Stephen Early white house sec rclary in making this announce ment Thursday indicated that in addition to talking about the ac tual rearmament aspects of de fense as embodied in his billion dollar army navy and air pro gram Mr Roosevelt also would touch upon economic problem including those agriculture and nse labor Hut iinfm the capital Thursday included I The naval bureau of aer onautics submitted to congress a tentative plan for speeding up the navys pilot program to turn out 9699 trained flyers a year Secretary Morgenthan white house liaison with the air plane industry said he was oh taming agreements from the in dustry to spread manufacture of favored types of warplanes and engines among many plants 3 The house appropriations committee arranged to hold bearings on the emergency de fense appropriations requested by the president and already partly approved by the senate Indications were that the house would vole next week on the funds Landon Talks With F D R Nazis Improve Position for Blow at Isles In jovial mood Alf M Landon republican presidential nominee who was defeated in 1936 by Franklin 1 Hoosevcll is shown ar rmng at the white house in Washington for a luncheon with the president Landon later said that the chief executive hud not asked Mm to serve in a coalition cabinet nor tu take any nnsition in a dc lense administration He said however that republicans would be willing to participate in i coalition cabinet if President Roosevelt eliminated himself as a possible thirdterm candidate Landon Urges Roosevelt to Eliminate Self From Race White House Replies No Time Now for Political Statements WASHINGTON UP Former Governor Alf M Landon of Kan sas Wednesday called on President Roosevelt to eliminate himself as a third term candidate as the price for any coalition action by republican leaders The 1936 republican presiden tial nominee stated his position after a luncheon conference with Mr Roosevelt but said the third term matter was not raised be tween them except casually The white house said Wednes day night hat President Roose velt was very grateful for suggestions made by Mr Lan don in a staicmcnt to the press but added that Mr Roosevelt had no time just now to tivc to the preparation of political state ments Landon suggested setting up a national defense council of lead ers and experts the member of which are not merely administra tion satellites to head up the de unfortunately not eliminated himself as a can didate for an indefinite term as president who at the moment has pledged to him more than enough delegates to take the democratic nomination if he wants it Unfortunately any republican leader who takes a position in the present setup from the standpoint of unselfish national service is making himself a party to this third or indefinite term move If President Roosevelt is equally interested in unselfish service he should publicly and forthwith eliminate himscif as a third term candidate Landon said Mr Roosevelt did not offer him a cabinet position in the course of their one hour minute talk By DEW1TT MACKENZIE Associated Press Staff Writer Persistent warnings by British officials Thursday morning of the gravity of the allied position to my mind was inspired by two serious positions 1 Increase in the danger that the ereat allied army in Belgium may be crushed in the German encircling movement 2 Threat of an imminent at tempt by the naxis to invade England An authoritaiiVespoiccsman in London announced that the situa tion was extremely grave Then Duff Cooper minister of informa tion declared in an address that this country is in fearful danger Later Premier Winston Churchill issued a statement recording that German armored forces had pene trated to the rear of the allied army in Belgium and are now at tempting to derange their com munications Abbeville is in enemy hands he continued and heavy fighting is proceeding around and in Boulogne Both these places are on the coast opposite It is too early yet to say what the result of the coastal lighting may rbe carrijestTitJi it implications of a serious char acter By implications of a serious character Churchill refers to the certainty that Hitler intends to try to invade England at the earl iest possible moment if the light ing on the continent Cevelops in his favor A direct blow at the bitterlyhated British has become an obsession with him German speed boats and sub marines were awaiting Hitlers or der to race across the channel Nazi bombers were strifing chan nel shipping and harbors and at tempting to disrupt British com munication with the continent NEARLY LYNCH NAZI SUSPECTS Hysteria Resulting From AntiNazi War Feeling Is Blamed DEL RIO Tex war hysteria was blamed Thurs day for a mob demonstration hero which nearly resulted in the lynching of two women and a man Leaders of the crowd of 400 angry citizens which ran the trio out of town Wednesday branded them as agitators for he nazi cause and one business mail declared they might lo be hanged He provided a rope but was unable to gel other members of the crowd to help with the proposed lynching Thursday it was uncertain just how much nazi sympathy the three suspects had They were disciples of the sect of Jehovahs Witnesses and distributed pam phlets which mob leaders said bore a swastika on the cover That they were sure branded them as nnzi propaganda and they proceeded to burn the complete stock But the name on the pamphlets was the Watch Tower and the publishing address was 117 Adams street Brooklyn N is the address of the publishing company which puts out litera ture for Jehovahs Witnesses The people who burned the pamphlets said that a slogan on the front was Religion Is Your Enemy but other issues of the AValrb Tower circulating in Texas Thursday bore inscrip tions of an exactly opposite na ture largely quotations from the Bible 1 The trio distributing the Hlcra lure also played phonograph rccj PARLIAMENT MEMBER HELD Ramsay Conservative Detained in Prison in 5th Column Roundup LONDON fP The arrest of Ciipt Aichibald H M Ramsiy conservative member of parlia ment by direction or the home secretary was announced Thurs day by the speaker of the house of commons Ramsay a veteran or the World war was detained in Brixtbn prison as the government carried out a roundup of persons suspect ed as fifth columnists At the same time a police guard wasclomped on headquarters of the British Union the British fas cist organization headed by Sir Oswald Jlosley When a member of the house asked whether the home secre tary would give the reason for Ramsays arrest the speaker re plied Not at this stage ords like the pamphlets were de stroyed by the crowd While Del Rio citizens tried lo remember Thursday just what it was that the records said the man and two women who played them were not around When last seen they were driving east and their whereabouts was not known A complete report of the demonstration was sent to Gov W Lee ODaniel at Austin ODaniel already had ordered an investigation of reports of subversive activities throughout Texas The man in the party herp identified himself as Louis Beehl er ot Scotland S Dak At the edge of the town he turned to the crowd and said If we go here will be luin Germans Repulsed at Cambrai Claim French Authorities 300000 Reservists Head Toward Rumanian Borders Believe Government Apprehensive Lest Reds Make Invasion soldiers arc showji marching past a statue of Larol I father of their present kinp in a recent national holiday parade in Bucharest Rumania has ordered a virtual general mobili zation in a move diplomats believed was linked with fear of a Kus sian drive into Bessarabia Rich in oil Rumania also has been German thrust The eeneral staff has called 300000 reservists to the colors BUCHAREST O Rumanian railroads and highways were jammed Thursday with nearly 300000 reservists heading towards the frontiers as Rumania put into effect the greatest military concen tration in her history The general staff Wednesday had called up the reservists in a virtual general mobilization for the highest slate of prepared ness as diplomats here believed the government was apprehen sive lest the Russian army move into Rumanias Bessarabia Military circles said Thursday that the men would be given in tensive training in the new meth ods of war A new communique Thursday said that the concentra tion would be for only 30 days Meanwhile new measures were taken against possible fifth col umn activities as posters were slapped up throughout the country warning against whispering Clear Skies Prevail in Iowa Temperature Is Five Above Normal DES MOINES skies prevailed over Iowa Thursday but temperatures averaged about five degrees below normal The 9 a m temperature in DCS Moines was 66 Wednesdays high for the stale was 76 at Clarinda Davenport and Inwood while the mercury dropped to a low of 35 Wednesday night at Decorah and Ames Ames reported a trace of rain NOT INTERESTED TOK1O Wed nesday informed Japan she was interested in the Nether lands East Indies Scotland Yard Arrests Mosley LONDON Oswald Mosley leader of the fascist British Union went to Scot land Yard Thursday night in custody of police Five police officers had waited for him outside his flat Earlier his British Union headquarters had been raided by detectives on a hunt for fifth columnists and a man and woman arrested u 1 Cllt III 1IIUHS lllldCSl HI county in Texas every slate maintaining the status quo there imirm has becn cxprcsscd m Japan Village Population Boosted 2 Millions BORUP Minn iPt in V of 200 saw its ponula Interest in tion increased by two 11ii mi i HIM I Abbeville Recaptured By Hitler Blitzkrieg Nazis to Try to Crush Pocket BULLETIN PARIS UP French military sources said Thursday night that the allied troops had thrown buck German fortes in a great battle that began Wednesday in the CambraiValertcicnnes sector and which still was raging Thursday but the finil result is in doubt By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The German blitzkrieg smashing at 500000 to 1000000 pocketed allied troops in Belgium and northern France Thursday recaptured Abbeville 12 miles from the English channel and nazi authorities said it was quite probable they had also taken the vital channel port of Boulogne Boulogne is just 26 miles across the Straits of Dover from Folkstone England if The Germans admitted however that the real battle against England could not begin until the allied pocket in Belgium and northern France extending from Abbe ville to Ostend has been crushed In view of the strong forces encircled there it will not bedone withouUieavy fighting said DNBthe official Ger man news agency Prime Minister Winston Churchill in i twominute ad dress to the house of commons announced ho fall of Abbe ville This country is in in danger7 declared Alfred Duff Cooper British minister of infor mation Heavy righting is raging around Boulogne France on he channel Churchill said It is too early yet to say what the result ot this coastal fighting may be but it evidently carries with it implications of a serious character he declared French reports Wednesday said the Germans had been chased out of Abbeville but once again the nazi onslaught has broken through to the sea Paris however gave a more hopeful picture of the conflict There it was reported that the French armies swiftly reorgan ized were fighting with new fury to reunite their northern and central armies and chop off the long sharp spearhead which the Germans have driven thrnuffh northern France In the sea Simultaneously Clement R AU Ico deputy leader in the house uf common1 disclosed thai the gov ernments ot both Britain and Ire land were apprehensively alive King Georges Talk to Be Heard on KGLO KGLO Friday afternoon will air the talk by King George VI from 2 until oclock The talk will he broadcast by the Columbia liroadcastin System of which KGLO is an affiliate had readied the neighborhood ot the coast on the English channel The Gorman high command re ported the harbor facilities at Dover England and Dunkerque France had been effectually bombed Apparently the Germans were tryingto prevent either the flight of the socalled trapped British troops from Dunkerque or the crosschannel transporta tion of reinforcements from Dover Englandbound transports it was said were bombed by Ger man planes The Gorman high command de clared Hitlers mechanized troops were slowly winning in terrific fighting in Flanders along the Scheldt river line The allied attempt to blast through nazi defense lines with tanks near Cambrai 65 mis from the channel was repulsed thi liiRli command said The French government an nounced it was staying in Paris countering widespread reports hat the menace of the nazL sweep into the French capital had re sulted in a decision to remove to southern France as it did in the World war French and German troops clashed at Cambrai Thursday in an action which a French spokes man described as the opening of battle of Flanders The righting at Cambrai 25 i miles north of St Qucntin was to the possibilities of an invasion described by the French as of the United States and Great Britain the census count revealed Mr and through Ireland As emphasized by Churchill the threat of a invasion was becoming hourly more grave Possibility of a preparation for this heralded next blow in Hitlers total war scheme powerdiving Stuka planes and wasplike Ger man speedboats smashed at chan nel communications x x x Meanwhile Premier Mussolini summoned the Italian supreme defense council into session per haps auguring the longawaited Italian decision to enter the war A German breakthrough in the fierce fighting for control of English channel ports imperiled communications between 550 000 allied troops pocketed in northern France and 1000000 French soldiers to the south There is a gap between the two armies a British spokesman ad milted The allied situation on the western front is extremely grave Besides the vital line of com munications being endangered by the new nazi onslaught a British greatest violence French troops pushed to the northwestern out skirls of the Germanheld city EDITOK FATALLY HURT ALLIANCE Ohio T Herrick 4B associate editor ot the Cleveland Plain Dealer with which he had been connected 21 years died Thursday of injuries he received in a motor car acci dent Monday The Weather FORECAST IOWA Fair Thursday night Friday partly cloudy moderate temperature MINNESOTA Partly cloudy Thursday nieht and Friday moderate temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 a m Thursday Maximum Wednesday 70 Minimum in Night 41 At 8 a m Thursday 59 T v IKWI ti Diuisn YEAR AGO H Million had expeditionary force communiquej Maximum R acknowledged that Ilic Germans Minimum v ;