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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 22, 1945, Mason City, Iowa OF NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTOftY ANO THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL Lt MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHIOXS rns United full Leutd R INSIDE WASHINGTON Vice Presidential Status Should Be Made Higher By ESSAKY dont need a pair ol glasses to see that some sharply needed pieces govern ment reorganization should grow out of the chaos of this war For instance I should like to direct the first pieces of reorgan ization to the vice presidency It is really about time the vice presidency be given the power ana prestige it the good of the nation To date in this widespread boastful democracy the vice presidency has been a sortof comic supplement to the presidency It has been an office about which to make vaudeville jokes and giddy songs Of course you remember Throttlebottom in Of Thee 1 Sing And also that What the coun try needs is a good S cent cigar quip of ThomasMarshalls The quip was said to be the outstand accomplishment of Me Marsh alls 2 term tenure of office Henry Wallace tried to be an aeticevice president Whatever he undertook was generally viewed with a half smile Not be cause of Henry Wallace himselt But because a vice harmless vice try ing to give the impression that his office amounted to a row of pins When Mr Truman was vice president he sought to be an ac tive liaison officer between the United States senate of whom he had so lately been a member and the white house How well this plan would have succeeded is doubtful For it has teen the cus tom of presidents of the United States to act as if their vice presi dents were not there at all According to the laws of this generous but sometimes flighty America it has been customary to give the vice president a seat as presiding officer of the senate and a nice new gavel With this he could bang away for order when the gentlemen of the senate got too noisy That has been about alt the poor vice president could to attend parties If however he was seen al par ties people said he was light minded And what a contrast to the president i Yet from the beginning of the Vonntry this man whose office if ye failed totake seriously iia beerTihe second most Impor tanf man in the government Never before has the importance of the vice presidency been so evident as today A few weelrs ago a president died A president who had been something of a president of the world who had dealt not only in the lives of millions of people but in the political and physical lives o nations And the man who had been just the vice president inherited the stupendous respon sibilities of his predecessor with only a general knowledge of the plans or the commitments his predecessor had made for the safety of this country and support of the world My point is that all the public business of the by public business I mean trends in policy and hopes for better ad justments here and fcj official They could so easily be made official if the job of the vice presidency were given the importance It desperately needs The vice president should be the 1 confidant of the president It has been said a thousand times but it remains only a phrase that he is removed from the presidency by a heart beat James A Farley recently re called in an interesting address that 7 times in our short history the vice president has succeeded to ihe presidency Farley also mentioned 15 times when the of fice of vice president has be come vacant In addition to the gap left by the 7 vice presiden tial successions to the presidency at 8 other timesthe country has been without a vice president be fause 7 vice presidents have died n office and one John C Cal ioun resigned to become a sen ator Here according to Farley is a situation for a republic It Sifes a vice president who suc ceefls to the presidency the chance to choose a secretary of slate who might become president lor the United States cent copy MASQiV CITY MAY M YANKS POUND TOWARD FIRST STARTS TO PACIFIC BY WAY OF STATES HodgesMen Will Fight Jap War After 30 Day Furloughs Washington Ameri can first army which blazed a path for allied troops across thu German frontier and broke the Siegfried line soon will be stalk ing Japanese Numbering some 150000 men a month ago the army command ed by Gen Courtney II Hodges is being redeployed by way of the United States with 30day furloughs awaiting Its members here It is the first sizeable contin gent the war department has of ficially announced will move from the European theater to the Pacific Troops of the first parachuted into France before H hour on D day Then in one of the most dramatic campaigns in American military history the army slash ed through France Belgium and into Germany killing or captur ing hundreds of thousands of nazis Units of the first were credited with the capture of1 Paris Breaking through the vaunted Siegfried line to lead the way across the reichs frontier the first seized and established the Remagen bridgehead over the Rhine Hodges men too were the firs to make junction with the Rus sians at the Elbe Hodges a tough and resilient commander has served over 40 years in the army He worked his way up through the ranks from buck private The war departments an nouncement Monday night said E Thedivisions and army corns that fight with the first army against Japan will not necessar ily be the same as those that fought in Germany However enough veteran units and veteran personnel will take the field un der General Hodges o insure the same vigorous assault againsl the Japanese as was made by the first army against the Germans The armys fighting record the announcement said ranks with the proudest in the allied expe ditionary force Although the army itself did not enter combat until the invasion of the Nor mandy coast several of its units took part in its original landings in north Africa Sicily and Italy The announcement came only hours after President Truman bad said bluntly that the United States is amassing overwhelming force to strike the Japanese The chief executives statement was made to a joint session of congress hon oring a congressional medal ol honor first army tech nical sergeant Jake W Lindsey of Iiucedale Miss of the 1st dh ision hot f nor r open stretch of land as they head for the front lines on Okinawa Onf of rS a StlTteher bufc ot foreground who fell mortollv vrountted m2de dash in the against theXs father Report imi FORECAST Son City Fair Tuesday night 7 Wednesday Warmer Fair Tuesday night and K Warmer Wednes Boo Fair Tuesday night Cooler south 3 son extTeme easi Tuesday Wednesday IN MASON CITY i SheGazette Weather Statistics 1 Maximum Monday 59 iMinimum Monday 45 TAt 8 a m Tuesday 43 14 inches AGO Sjaximum 78 55 02 PLAN TO DEFER MEN OVER 29 Cut Draft Call for July by 25 Per Cent Washington 9V Selective service Tuesday announced a policy of indefinite deferments for men over 29 in useful work At the same time it pre dicted a heavier call of younger men Maj Gen Lewis B Hershey draft director said at a news conference that as a result of the wars end in Europe occupa tional deferment policy must be liberalized through 37 for registrants 30 This course effective immedi ately means that these older men will not be drafted so long as they stay in work considered useful by local boards It means too that deferments will not re quire renewal at the end of 6 month periods as heretofore Hershey also announced that the draft call beginning in July will be cut about 25 per cent be low the current rate That will put it at 90000 men as com pared with 120000 at present The draft director instructed local boards to review at once the files of 4F and limited serv ice registrants 18 through 25 Where there is reason to believe they may now be qualified for military service they should be forwarded for reexamination Hershey said For men 26 through 79 the pre vailing certification policy of gov ernment agencies wilJ be contin ued for the present Hershey pre dicted however that the time is coming when more of these men occupationally deferred will have to be drafted Reveal Jap Balloon Attacks on America Washington JP Japanese longrange balloons have made sporadic attacks on the western part of North America during the last several months the army and navy reported Tuesday Someof the balloons are known tohave landedor dropped ex in isolated localities but there has been no damage to the joint statement said that the public generally had been told of the balloon attacks although they were known to many newspaper men and others The joint statement said the disclosure was being made so fiist u public safety campaign could be undertaken to prevent possible damage or injury from the bal loons There is always a possibility the statement said that unex ploded bombs may be found in isolated spots concealed in wooded areas or buried beneath melting snow With the approach of warm weather and the end of the school season the statement added it is desirable that people and es pecially children living west of the Mississippi river be warned this possible hazard and cau tioned under no circumstances to touch or approach any unfamiliar object The army and navy said they wanted to reassure the nation that the balloon attacks are so scat tered and aimless that they do not constitute a military threat They should not te viewed with alarm the statement said Due to tlie large areas ot the United States and the variable nature of the winds the possibility of a hit in any specific area is remote The chances that any given place would be hit by these at tacks is only one m many mil lions The armed services said they took the position that the possi bility of saving even one American Me through precautionary meas ures would more than offset any military gain the enemy might make from the mere knowledge that some of the balloons had ar rived on this side of the Pacific The enemy would like to know he exact time the balloons arrived the locality and their effect the statement said adding Such information would per mit him to evaluate the results his fantastic effort and possibly correct his methods The statement said this specific information will be kept back from the enemy if possible The balloons which carry a few small bombs were described as being of gray white or greenish blue paper and about 33 feel in diameter The main purpose of the sombs it was said is believed to je to set brash and forest fires The balloons are unmanned and cannot be controlled by the enemy However the two services warned that the bombs are dan jerous and should not be touched by anyone who is not familiar with them SUCCEEDS DERRICK Des Moines Cham berlain transportation committee representative for the Des Moines iistrict office of price administra tion has succeeded Fred Derrick as district gasoline rationing repre sentative it was announced Tues day by Alvin Matthcs district ra tioning executive Cause Damage Over Iowa Des Moines which reached A velocity of 63 miles an hour at Burlington and some of tornadic proportions in west cen tral Iowa wrecked several farms in the Redfield area and inter rupted light and telephone service along the Mississippi river Mon day night At least one person was injured severely Accompanying rains in some areas ranged up to 173 inches at Atlantic and temperatures fell sharply in many places where the storm hit The weather bureau said fair weather could be ex pected Tuesday night and Wednesday with warmer weather Wednesday Six members of the Rex Muiphy family of near Hedfield werein jured onecritically in the storm which seemed to follow a hitand miss pattern covering many parts ol the state Dallas County Sheriff Evan A Burger said wind arid hail did thousands of dollars worth of damage to farm buildings and stock along a 13 mile strip in the southwest corner of the county Residents of the Waterloo area reported the storm was the worst since 1940 and early estimates placed damage at The VilliscaStanton area and Des Moines were other victims of the storm Reported in critical condition with a punctured lung at a Dexter hospital was Joey Murphy 7 His brother Keith 10 was reported found after the storm passed on the cornice of the unroofed Murphy home Four other mem bers of the Murphy family were treated for injuries BRITISH EXPECT SUMMER BALLOT Churchill Rejects Suggested Postponement Prime Minister virtually assurbfl a summer general election for Britain Tuesday in a letter to Clement Attlee rejecting the la bor partys suggestion that the balloting be delayed until fall The letter of the prime min ister was made public after the labor party had adopted a 12 point program aimed at estab lishment of a socialist common wealth of Great Britain The prime minister expressed regret that the socialists had turned down his proposal to con tinue the coalition government until the end of the war against Japan and said that continuation of the coalition short of that pe riod might soon country before the world be cause of biclterine within the government Churchills letter did not how ever name a specific date for the BOMBERS RAID FORMOSA WITH HEAVY STRIKE Yanks Wipe Out 500 Trapped Nips on Luzon Advance on Mindanao Manila heaviest air strikes ever made on Formosa in 4 months of raiding by Philip pinesbased bombers were report ed Tuesday as U S infantrymen wiped out 500 encircled Japanese on central Luzon island and drove toward a junction on Mindanao slowed only by blown out bridges Associated Press War Corres pondent Russell Brines reported from the 5th air force base that airmen returning from last Satur days record raid on Formosa had sunk G ships and 36 small and damaged 14 other vessels of all types A total 9000 tons of explos ives have been rained on Formosa war industries airdromes trans portation facilities and military in stallations since the first bomber struck from the Philippines Jan uary H Just 3 days after capture of Ipo dam in the Manila watershed doughboys of the 43rd division aided by guerrillas wiped out two thirds of a large enemy force trapped in the area a spokesman at Gen Douglas MacArtburs headquarters reported Tuesday A tankled column split Japa nese troops by seizing Metropoli tan road and then liquidated or ganized resistance south of that key highway At least 500 enemy bodies were found A few miles to the southeast the 38th infantry division drove to ward Wawa dam Some 150 planes of1 the 5th air force paved the way with explosives and fire bombs first cavalry ran into stiff opposition 9 miles south of In fanta on central Luzons east coast while other Yanks drove steadily ahead down Balete Pass toward the Cagayan valley breadbasket of northern Luzon Bombers and fighters closely supported the Bal cte action plastering objectives with 238 tons of explosives In north central Mindanao the 31st and 40th divisions were only 25 miles apart in their drive to split the 2nd largest Philippine island Between them lies a con siderable Japanese force Driving north along the Sayre highway the 31st advanced 10 weaken the miles to within one mile of Malaybalay capital of Bukidnon province It fought on the edge of the towns 2 small airfields The 40th gained slightly in its drive to link up with the 31st but was it iui me tu uiin up wiin me DUl was voUne nor did Tuesday nights delayed temporarily in Mangima official London Gazette contain canyon where H cut to pieces a 5 Jor Par strong band of bypassed Nippo Iiament Consequently the exact nese daws for the election remained The captured 2 old Amer ican 75 mm runs and 37 mm inn i j cannon apparently abandoned by over Mindanao the which meant thPe dlvision caPtoed ins of the politic campaign Sasa arfield north of Davao 5th Political circles predicted the 6 airfields o fall election would be set for July 5 Dispute Ends Over Trieste Occupation Trieste dispute over the occupation of Trieste appeared ended Tuesday at about the time the Americans and British troops of the eighth army undertook peaceful penetration of the coun try Marshal Tito had claimed for Yugoslavia It was understood that the Yugoslav government had agreed with minor stipulations to all al proposals put forward with j infan modifications trymen and marines fought to The eighth army earlier had Shuri cityof pushed about six miles from the T3 Sldes Tuesday Isonzo river and the coastal road nf iJapanese resistance to Trieste causing increased atros entered Yonabaru sion in the tenday political dead ck Tito was withdrawing his par tisan forces from southern Aus tria one of the points oC dispute and Yugoslav occupation head quarters had been removed from Trieste although both British and partisan troops remained in the Adriatic port There were indications of Titos apparent readiness to discuss with Italy a longterm status of the dis puted territory and with the allies the present status of occupation Sources close to the British foreign office believed the matter of im mediate occupation would be set tled through diplomatic channels rather ihan through direct talks with Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander allied Mediterranean commander It was believed in London that the Yugoslavs were prepared to agree to a peaceful but temporary settlement of the dispute and would press their territorial claims at the peace conference This was borne out by a Bel grade broadcast of an editorial which appeared in the communist daily Borba published in the Yu goslav capital The paper declared the Yugoslav government had stressed that it does not intend to annexthese territories unilaterally Before a peaceeonference that will finally settle the question of the Slovene coast line and Trieste i e before the possibility of a direct agreement between Italy and Yu goslavia The editorial added that for provided Churchill acts by or July 11 if he de lays until May 30 The London Press which has been urging an early meeting of the big 3 to settle the Polish issue and other European problems said that with the elections com ing up any such meeting was out Japanese resisted fiercely Australian and Dutch troops on Tarakan island off Borneo drove to within 3 miles of the north coast Sixth division Australians driv ing east from Camp Borem oh northeast New Guinea reached the base of Cape Moero last re maining Japanese coastal point in ins up any sucn meeting was out Japanese coastal p of the question until late in July lhe Wewak area On ttii or August Hank diversionary forces The Blackpool program bluntly termed the labor party a socialist party and called for sweeping na tionalizaiion of industry specifi the east con solidated gains South of Sauri village on the main track from IVeivak to the Prince Alexander mountains Japanese were fight these reasons Yugoslavia is pre pared to discuss the situation so as to find in agreement with the allies a solution that will sat isfy both parties and will not be contrary to the interests of the population of these territories Tito previously had taken the position that Trieste was liberated by his forces and that they had the same right as other allied armies to occupy liberated territory Italy received the port by the treaty of St Germain in 1319 aft er occupying Trieste in 1918 Meanwhile a dispatch from Rome said allied headquarters had formally denied that there was any connection between the situation at Trieste and the evacuation of the civil population in the zone around the Adriatic port of Rimini Berlin Bus Lines Operating Again Moscow Berlin dispatch utjfjuii1 jn me sivtn said Tuesday lhat some bus lines tor on the west flank Tirtiif now were operating in the former was expected to reopen shortly German workers and engineers restored power plants in Berlin RESIST HEAVY COUNTERBLOWS BY JAP TROOPS Patrols Enter Yonabaru Marines Advance in Heaviest Pacific Fight Yonabaru and bloody enemy counterattacks were beaten back by determined marines An estimated 500 Japanese some of them wearing American manne uuiforms and carrying tr aw e a p o n s counterattacked fiercely against the 4th marine regiment of the 6th marine dlvi sion on Sugar loaf hill with heavy casualties exacted on both Sldt 5 Two hundred dead Japanese after n repulsed and at least 100 others marine casualties also were heavy Lake la commented after over one slope where about 30 marines and 15 Japanese Thats the first lime I have i Se a hl11 with more marine bodies than Jap bodies Across the island the 381st rer Iment of the 9Sth infantry division sent 2 patrols into YonabaruTon alone the seawall and the all the way through out seemr the enemy although it a slight amount of rifle fire nTthC th division in the center of the line caught the enemy off balance with a surprise predawn attack and Ayithin an hour and a quarter had captured the town of Taira 00 yards from Shuri where nom high ground they looked upon the smoking ruins of the one nLargCSt city The 301 th regment using tanks njmethroivers and selfpropelled guns made a surprise assault upon a lull 1100 yards east of Shuri late Sunday killing almost 300 Japanese in taking the hill and paving the way for later advances m extremely bitter fighting Associated Press War Corre spondent Al said the Susar Loaf hill action was pre ceded by an hour and a half of mleiise Japanese artillery and mortar shelling g Gen Walter Dumas of the army staff told Associated Press Correspondent Vern Haug anc that Shuri in the center If the line no longer has military im portance and the breakthrough to the city will not be followed by immediate occupancy Air high ground around Shuri whose ancient castle fortress is shattered by shells and bombs must be secured before any use can be made of that 2nd city of Okinawa One of the heights yet to tie ta ken is Half Moon hill a few hun dred yards from dearlywon Surar Loaf hill in the sixth marine sec Half Moon hill is believed con r rT mniid nan 1V1OOI1 mil is believed rnn German capital and the subway netted with Sugar Loaf by lun Was eXDCCtnrf in rnnnnr c m MWl uy lun un nels This means of reinforcement Support the 7th Buy War Bonds i 1 were iicni cally naming coal mines roilj fanatically to halt the inland roads and all other public forms Push f communi1 vi LIIIU tafcm mBr thefirst to bej que said Tuesday more than 800 taken by the government Japanese died in the altemrt to Public ownershin of thp liini nrnraimnf Sunny skies greeted North lowans Tuesday to clear up a blue Monday well drenched with rain Weather observers measured 14 inches of rainfall in the vicinity of Mason City Although strong winds contin ued throughout Monday night little damage resulted and the wind did little more than dry ex cessive moisture Firemen reported 3 runs during the evening all due to wires be ing down or shorted Most of the field work on farms is well enough along so that the rain held up little work according to the Farm Bureau office EXPORT MACHINERY Washington eco nomic administration officials said Tuesday farm machinery valued at will have gone from American factories to European farms during the 12months end ing June 30 of the bank of j prevent occupation of Wewak LaborifP WrtS i byPasseri by American of known enemy in their iuini i iroous iotaI never has held an overall Ma jority Dalton asserted a British so cialist government would be far more able to remove Russian sus pine planes hit land and sea transportation facilities munition dumps shipyards dispersal cen ters and other war installations at Formosa along the China coast more able to remove Russian china coast plcion of England than a British IndoChma Borneo New torr tovernment Guinea andthe Solomons Navy Air Secretary Inspects Pearl Harbor Pearl Harbor of Navy lor Air Artemus Gates has completed a hurried 24hour in spection of Pearl Harbor the Several speakers voiced grave concern over what they called poisonous antisoviet propagan da which they said was becom ing evident in Britain and among British troops on the continent Debate on the international part of the partys platform was put off until Wednesday Dalton said the iabor party was firmly opposed to any restriction on Jewish emigration to Palestine declaring it was thoroughly wrong and politically indefensible to put obstacles in the way of any Tews who wanted to go there navy announced Tuesday Gates arrived here Sunday ac companied by Vice Adm Russell Wilson No explanation was made of Gates quick trip beyond that it was an inspection trip A war statement from Gen Walter Krucger commanding gen eral of the 6th army Luzon Phil ippines AH our might in men muni tions and money will be needed in the Pacific Every American must back the attack on Janan with his or her maximum resources in the Tth war loan held after The fifth regiment of the first marine division seared the Japa nese from caves and holes on the south slope with flaming oil The first marine division under Jfal Gen Pedro del Valle an ar illery expert gave the northern Approaches to Shuri a nightlong shelling in preparation for a lank I fed advance I General Del Valle noted a I mite dropping off in Japanese ar tiilery fire as observation posts on the ridges arc captured by the relentless Yanks i Three groups of suicidal Japa j nese carrying satchel demolition charges tied to their waists tried to destroy tanks of the first ma rine division but all were re pulsed The heaviest counterattack was in Maj Gen Lemuel C Shepherd Jr s sixth marine division sector on the west coast near the capital city of Naha which still has not been entered in force pending capture of nearby heights This counterblow by 400 to 600 Japanese was fought off and half the attackers were killed Some of the Japanese were wearing U S marine uniforms and were armed with American rifles On the Okinawa east coast Maj Gen James L Bradleys 96th in fantry division gained about 300 yards toward the bombedout port city of Yonabaru Other elements of the Sfilh moved westward to ward Shuri to maintain pressure on the flank in a slow encircle ment Intense interlocking ma ;