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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 22, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY A M 3 ARCHIVES OES UOI NEj J A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGH WHS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRISS AND UNITED LEASED WIMS MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MAY 22 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 193 WORLD RED COMINTERN DISSOLVED Smash 86 Planes in Sicily Sardinia 3 DAY TOLL OF 285 AXIS CRAFT IS MARKED UP RAF Mosquito Planes Strike at Berlin for 3rd Consecutive Night By ROGER GREENE Associated Press War Editor Allied left fresh ruins smouldering in Italy Sicily Sardinia and Panlelleria Saturday and marked up a threeday toll at least 285 axis planes destroyed in the preinvasion offensive against southern Europe Allied headquarters in North Africa announced that American bombers and fighters alone de stroyed 86 enemy aircraft in Sicily and Sardina Friday blasting 19 axis planes out of the skies and smashing G7 more on the ground In addition Cairo said U S heavy bombers destroyed 10 more enemy lighters during a double barreled attack on southern Italy Big American liberators stepped hard on the toe of the Italian boot dropping 300000 pounds ot high explosive and incendiary bombs on the ports of San Giovanni and Heggio Calabria A spokesman said it was a fiffy plus attack but did not give the exact number of planes in the raid In the north RAF mosquito bombers struck at Berlin aeain tor the third successive night sixth attackon the naii capital since Mar other British planes shot up trains in Germanoccupied France sank two large vessels in a fiveship convoy in the English channel and laid mines in enemy waters It was the ninth straight night attack on Hitlers Europe London underwent its sixth suc cessive night alarm but a deafen ing antiaircraft barrage drovi off the lone nazi raider Apparently no bombs fell in the capital Mussolini and Hitler exchanged stereotyped congratulations on the fourth anniversary of Rome Berlin pact but the fuehrer neg lected to pledge full aid against allied invasion of Italy In southern Europe American f ourengined bombers roared across the Mediterranean Friday in another heavy assault on Italys antiinvasion ramparts smashing at San Giovanni and Rcggio Cal abria on the toe of the Italian boot across the strait from Sicily A fascist communique listed 104 killed and 112 injured in the two towns U S gunners shot down at least 10 axis planes attempting to intercept the raid and all the big American planes returned safely it was officially an nounced Synchronized with the U S assault on the Kalian mainland other powerful fleets of allied raiders hammered relentlessly to soften Italys outer island de fenses setting fire to airdromes in Sicily and Sardinia and shat tering targets on Pantelleria is land 45 miles cast of Cap Bon Tunisia Fighterescorted U S flying fortresses were credited with shooting down 19 enemy aircraft in attacks on the Sciacca and Castelvctrano airfields in Sicily Altogether seven allied planes were lost Meanwhile the British injected new mystery into the war ot nerves against Germany as Lou don disclosed that the RAFs fleet of fourengined bombers has been virtually idle since the night of May 13 despite perfect raiding weather Speculation centered on the possibility that they were being held back to await the green light for an unprecedented assauit on Europe shifted to another the ater or even being reserved for use in an allied invasion of the continent Untangle Chutes as They Plunge Down CHRISTOPHER 111 UPJ William Parks and Sgt Verley untangled their parachutes as they plummeted earthw Floating down the rest of the they found they were old school mates and traded hometo gossip U Arthur Campaign in Attu Enters Final Phase By THE ASSOCIATED PEESS American troops have split last ditch Japanese defenders into three groups in a trap around Chicago harbor in Ihebattle of Attu the navy announced Satur day and the campaign has en tered its final phase with the ene my 1ft no choice except to sur render or die A navy bulletin said U S army planes were bombing and strafing the enemy remnants while American doughboys bot tled up the Japanese in light corners of Chicaeof harbor in the Chicacof valley southwest of the harbor and on the north side of Like Nicholas which lies southeast of the harbor Attu village was completely destroyed with the exception of a church and one other building the communique said On May 20th during the night a strong enemy position on a ridge in the SaranaMassacre bay area was neutralized An enemy unit which succeeded in penetrating our lines was wiped out Then Friday the navy said the Americans pushed east of Chica gof valley and trisected the ene my s defense forces The navys announcement fol lowed a Japanese boast that a real light from now on was develop ing on the strategic 35miIclon island which lies in the western most Aleutians only 2005 bomber miles from Tokyo Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox declared that the 12 day campaign was successful and that it was only a question of time before the Japanese rem nants bottled up at Chicagof harbor at the northeast lip of the island were finally over whelmed Knox also staled emphatically tnat American warships con trolled the surrounding waters and that no seaborne escape was possible Tokyos forecast of a tighter Japanese defense was based on the assertion that the Japanese garrison had given up its ad vanced posts in order to shorten its lines With Attu under the Stars and Stripes Washington quarters ex pressed belief that Japan would suffer a serious blow to her food supply through American control of important fishing grounds in the north Pacific These quarters said a cam paien to close the grounds to the enemy would probably be one of the first moves of the Ameri can command as soon as for ward positions in the Aleutians have been secured Fish and rice it was pointed out constitute a major part of the Japanese diet From Attu as a base U S pa trols would be able to range all the way to Russian waters with submarines surface ships and planes hunting enemy fishing ves sels W On other fronts SOUTHWEST PACIFICGcn Douglas McArthurs headquarters announced heavy new blows against Japanese air strength in the south seas with the destruc tion of 22 out of 47 enemy planes attempting to raid allied bases or intercept united nations flyers Oatnumbered American P3Ss were officially credited with shooting down six out of Japanese zeros and probably destroying seven others without loss to themselves during an at tack on the bis Japanese base at Salamaua New Guinea Allied warplanes also attacked the enemy airdrome at Gasmata New Britain where four of 15 zeros were shot down and de stroyed eight trooploaded barges off the coast of New Guinea Chinese reported that Generalissimo Chiang Kai Sheks armies had killed 700 Japa ncse troops in a developing battle at Chinas back door along th BurmaChina frontier while To kyo claimed that Japanese col umns were driving ever deeper into Chinas vital rice bowl lands No land fighting was reported in Burma i PLANS TO RETIRE CAMBRIDGE Mass L Comstock president of Radclif college for the past 20 years wi vn retire Sept 1 it was announced an alumnae luncheon Saturday liffe WAIT UNTIL THIS STARTS POUNDING NAZI DEFENSES Ideal weapon tor Smashing the concrete defenses erected by the Germans to defend i this huge 240mm howitzer described by the Field Artillerv Journal as the mo ie ml tons If US 191S Hitfh speed trailers can vTt in So s S tions and its split trails permit a wide field of fire FOOD PARLEY PROBE SOUGHT Bradley Says Sessions Have Gimme Trend iwu uLiLr me unueci btates WASHINGTON war on Japan finds that live Bradley R Mich said evcn a heros widow and child aturday he would demand a concan find a place to live in this tat Saturday gressional investigation ot the united nations food conference which he charged had a gimme atmosphere Chairman Marvin Jones reply ing to criticism by Bradley and Rpresentative Smith R Ohio who have not been permitted en try to executive sessions ot the conference said I regret exceed ingly that any member of con gress should see fit to prejudge the work of this conference Bradley said we havent found out yet whose brain child this con ference is and declared in his charge of gimme attitudes that its activities now have developed into a question of immediately supplying relief and gifts to other countries Jones said the work of the con ference will and should be judged by the governments and the public on its merits The chairman did announce a relaxation of restrictions on news paper men covering the meeting Hereafter they will be permitted to visit the lobby and dining room of the Homestead hotel where the conference sessions are held and delegates reside between the hours of 6 and 9 in the evening providing there arc no executive meetings being held at that time Heretofore the newsmen have been barred from the hotel at all times except when permitted to pass through lines of armed guards to attend specially arranged press conferences Joucs said You will be free to meet and talk with the delegates during the set hours The chair man said however that the news men would not be permitted lo go to rooms of delegates jampacked war area Mrs Kelly told an interviewer Friday that because of the boy Corky 3 she caivt pass the no children signs on apartment houses and other living quarters Mrs Kelly siid she came from Seattle Wash to take a secre tarial position in lowan Who Has Been in Air Raids Hurt While Riding Bike AVOCA Dillin ger of Avoca who since October i has been participating in air raids on Germanoccupied territory is in a hospital in England with a broken hip Lieutenant Dillinger suffered the injury when his bi cycle collided xvith a truck Mrs Colin P Kelly and Son Cant Find Home in Hollywood HOLLYWOOD Colin P Kelly Jr whose husband gave his life to avenge Pearl Harbor two days after the United States take a war plant But if 1 cant find a place to live what am I to do she asked Captain Kelly one of the wars first heroes piloted his flying for tress through a barrage of anti aircraft fire to sink the Japanese battleship Haruna off the Philip pines He was posthumously awarded the distinguished service lowan Fined for Blackout Violation SHENANDOAH what may be the states first such con viction Dr J E Hawkins a chiro practor was fined 3100 and costs Friday on a charge of violating the city blackout ordinance by re fusing lo turn out his residential office lights during the surprise blackout Thursday night Dr Hawkins was represented in court by his wife who contended he was busy with patients at the time of the blackout GERMAN PLANES ASSlUtT LINES Mass Luftwaffe Raids Try lo Crack Lines MOSCO luflwaffe raids trying to crack soviet dc thC lenses iho cease interference in domestic at fenscs have started the army or fj gan Red Star said Saturday as a rhcic communique reported fighting at with both cuds of the 1700 mile west em from the United States Red Star warned that Russia must be ready to meet bigger aerial blows against its commun ications Ground defenses have coped with them so far it indi Front dispatches said that soviet forces in successful attack southeast of Kharkov widened and deepened a bridgehead south of Lisichansk consolidating new ground and beating off a German counterattack with artillery and aerial aid The midday communique said that soviet troops heavily raided enemy supplies in the Leningrad sector in the north where they wrecked five cars of war supplies and wiped out an enemy company of at least 200 men ARE REPORTED WOUNDED WASHINGTON Don ald R Blakeman of Dubuque and Pfc Carl G Morgan of Sioux City were wounded in action in the north African area the war de partment announced Friday Pvl Donald E Northrup of West Union has been wounded in action in the southwest Pacific the department said GAVE POOR EXCUSE j MINNEAPOLIS Rose Landon filed suit for divorce charging that her husband made a habit of leaving home at midnight and returning at dawn with the explanation Ive been out shoc ill ing horses Mrs Landon com at plained in her suit that her hus band is a furrier DIDNT EVEN EAT THK DEER As Charles Evans above and Carl Hendncks were driving to worlc near Richmond Va this deer leaped into the air before the car and crashed through the windshield as shown Evans was cut about the hands and Hcndricks went to the hospital with scalp under Virginia law the deer Had lo be turned over to state institutions Reds Move Nearer U S and Britain By HAKItlSON SALISBUKV LONDON quarters iaid Saturday that dissolution of he communist international or ganization constituted an out standing soviet move toward n firm understanding with the United States and Great Britain in their joint war effort and post war planning It was not known immediate ly whether the Russian sesture was inspired by the lioosevelt letter delivered to Premier Jo sef Stalin Thursday night by Joseph E Davies the presidents emmisary London sources spec ulated hat Stalin may have de termined to make a dramatic move in order to the stasr for a major rapprochement with the allies Such a move it was pointed out would take the wind out of German Propaganda Minister Paul Goebbels arguments lo make Europeans believe that Russia is going to swallow them up as soon as the war is over Some observers interpreted dis bandment of the Comintern as theoretically smashing the anti comintcrn pact It was pointed out that this would give Italy an out to withdraw from the war be cause she entered the hostilities for the avowed purpose of fight ing the Comintern But whether 11 a 1 y would place the same interpretation on the action was another question since the pact actually remains in force It is known that responsible American quarters long have re garded existence of the third In ternationale with the announced purpose of promoting proletarian revolution in all lands as the largest single factor contributing to unsettlement of relations with Russia It was recalled here that one of the conditions on whih President Roosevelt insisted in his negotia tions for recognition of Russia by the United States in was a pledge that the Comintern would fails These negotiations were Maxim Litvinoff present Russian ambassador to e United States Some skeptics pointed out that there was nothing to prevent the Russians from reforming the com interii at any time they please in the future However allied quar ters strongly tended to accept the Russian gesture nt face value The move was interpreted as concrete evidence of the trend repeatedly emphasized by Stalin since the outbreak of the war namely directing Russia more and more strongly an in tcrnationalislic patriotic course and constantly reducing the communistic and revolutionary content of Russian propaganda Actually Moscows move has the effect not of eliminating the com munist parties in various coun tries outside Russia but of cutting them least theoretically the guidance and direction of Moscow Immediate effects of the move may ue expected to be felt strongly in the United States where there has been a continuing reservoir of amiRussian feeling largely based on Comintern activities There have been equally major etfccls among refugee governments par ticularly eastern European gov ernments where the fears of Rus sian absorption through commu nist action always have been strong The next move in improvement of BritishAmcrieanRussian rela tions is expected logically to be a conference among Roosevelt Stal in and Prime Minister Churchill It is within the bounds of specula tion to suggest that the Comintern move was designed specifically for clearing the ground for that con crcncc A spokesman for the relish Kovernmenl hailed the move as a major step on Russias part toward allied solidarity f It is believed that the wny now is open for a reciprocal gesture by the Poles which would lead to re csUiblishmcnt ot sovietPolish re lations which were ruptured be cause of Russian claims on Polish marginal territory and Russian ob jection to the present complexion of ihe Polish refugee government One Jugoslav commentator said that the move was a genuine con tribution to better understanding among the united nations A representative of the Czccho Slovakian government said We are very much pleased It is one of the outstanding events of the expression of Stal ins realism It certainly will take the wind out of Goebbels sails Fojlowers Directed to Join Hands in Common Fight Against Hitler ilOSCOW communist international which had as one of its basic principles the fomenting of world revolution was dissolved Saturday by the action of its own leaders directed followers to join hands in the common fight against Hitlerism The action was embodied in a resolution adopted by the Comin tern executive committee which stated simply In countries against the Hit Icrlle coalition the saered duly ot all the masses and primarily NEW YORK Urowdcr lat of the secretary of the communist party in the United States declared Sat urday the Moscow resolution dis solving the communist Interna tionale had no effect on the Amer Affects U S Communist Party Policy ican party as a body but only affected its policy Interviewed by telephone at his Yonkers N Y home Browder said the partys view of the reso lution would be outlined later by a statement from parly headquar ters in Manhattan have been disaffiliateil from any international ers consists in allout support of their governments war ef forts in order to rout the Hitler ites as ciuickly as possible and secure friendly cooperation of nations on a basis of equality zation for three 1910 Browder said That au nouiifenicnl from Moscow fines not affect us as a body it only affects our policy i The reference to disaCtiliulion nth international organization was to a resolution adopted by a ipecial national convention of the communist party in NewYork in November 1910 which directed the party to cancel and dissolve organization affiliation to the ommunist international and all ithcr bodies of any kind outside theboundaries of the United States V y Purpose of the action ns out lined by the resolution was lo remove the parly from the terms of the socalled Voorhis act which required registration with the jus tice department of all foreign controlled organizations which it defined as those receiving mate rial support from a foreign gov ernment or political subdivisions or from a foreign or international political party or whose policies were determined by or at the sug gestion or in collaboration with a foreign government or political party The 1910 resolution staled that the Voorhis act would tend to destroy the position of the com munist party as a legal and open political party of the American working class1 and at the time Browder himself termed it harm ful and destructive of the demo cratic rights of the people and asserted that it was designed to coerce the people into submission to the entry of the United States into the imperialistic war and as a part nC the sweep of over the capitalistic world Only One Civil War Veteran Is Left at Marshalltown Home H Firman 94 lied at the Iowa Soldiers home Friday Finnan en listed in the Union armv in JBfii David B Sisk is the only Civii war veteran still in he home Buy War SaviiiRs Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Saturday afternoon and Saturday night not much change in temperature Sunday forenoon IOWA Scattered light showers Sunday forenoon beginning Eoulhwcsl and extreme west portion Friday night slighlly warmer Saturday afternoon and night increasing winds Sunday forenoon i Continued warm Saturday night and Sunday fore noon scattered light showers extreme southwest portion Sat urday night and extreme south portion Sunday forenoon IN MASON CITY GInbcGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 79 Minimum Friday night 47 At 8 a m Saturday 63 YEAR AGO Maximum 65 Minimum 42 The dissolution was announced by the official communist party newspaper Pravda Allied sources in London greeted the Russian announce ment as a majorsoviet gesture toward united nations solidarity and one which paved the way for clearing up misunderstand ings that have developed in the United States and other countries regarding Russias postwar aims These sources pointed out lhat it might pave the way for a conference of President Roose velt Premier Josef Stalin and Prime Minister Churchill under the friendliest conditions It was net known at once whether there was any connection between the presidents personal letter to Stalin and Saturdays action It was pointed out that disso lution of the Comintern did not break irp communist party or ganizations outside Russia but cut them loOsc from guidance anddi rection of Moscow The action of Ihe executive committee of communist inter national which had directed the international workers move ment in many lands released its several sections to devote their energies toward winninc the war against the axis The c o m i n t c r n presidiums resolution was submitted to for eign members for ratification but his was expected to be a mere formality The resolution said the action had been taken at the request of foreign sections since the war siarted Long before the war it became more clear that as international and domestic situations in each country became more and more complicated the solution of labor problems in each separate coun try would be met by insurmount able difficulties the resolution declared The profound differences in historical development various countries difference1 in charac ter and contradictions in social systems differences in standards of living and tempo oil their so cial and political development and finally differences in the de gree of their political conscious ness and degree organization this created dif ficult tasks confronting the work ing classes nf various countries The resolution added lhat the World war started by Ihe Hillcriles made differences in sinations in various countries more acute and erected a hijh barrier between countries which have become bearers of Hitlerite tyranny and frtcdom lovinir peoples united in a pow erful coalition ajainst Hitler It stated that the Cominterns 193o congress already had taken into consideration profound in ternational and domestic changes and therefore recommended great er independence freedom and flexibility of national parties U was said that the Comintern was guided by the same reasons when it accepted and approved a decision of the communist party in the United States to leave com munist international in November 1940 The resolution also asserted lhat one of the reasons for the decision to disband was the inability to convoke a congress in war time II stated in conclusion that the presidium of lie executive com mittee appeals to all Comintern friends to concentrate their ef forts on allout support and ac liberate peoples and states against the Hitlerite coalition in order to rout as soon as possible deadly enemy fascism its allies and vassals Members of the presidium who signed it were Gotwold Czecho slovakia Grigoridimitrov and Koralov Bulgaria Manouilski and Zhdanov Russia Kooplcning ;