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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 22, 1942, Mason City, Iowa OEP Aft IMC rt I Of H I S T 0 Y A I V j NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION VOL XLVHI ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PBESS FUU IVACTP WIRES THi NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBOKS MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MAY 22 1942 WAR WILL THIS PAPEK CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 191 122 Draftees Will Be Given Big SendOff Early Saturday Camacho Reported to Be Ready to Order State of Emergency MEXICO CITY Manuel Avila Camacho Friday was reported preparing to declare a nationwide state emergency as the first step toward an ex pected declaration of war on Ger many Italy and Japan The newspaper La Prensa in an extra edition said that sei zure of axis property and intern ment of axis nationals would be ordered Indignation still was mount ing over the refusal of the three axis governments to accept a Mexican protest over the sink ins of a Mexican ship by an axis submarine last week A high government source said s Friday night that Avila Camacho 10 Lives Lost as Second Mexican Ship Is Attacked MIAMI Fla Aguayo Mexican consul here announcedFriday that a second vessel flying Jibe flag of his homeland had been attacked by inent vtotisidered a declaration of war upon the axis because of the first torpedoing The consul said 27 survivors had been landed at Key West Fu six of them seriously In jured from the Mexican tanker Faja de Oro He said the vessel was attacked last Wednesday night off the coast of Cuba Asuayo made the information public he said after discussing it with his government in Mex ico City and his embassy in Washington This is the answer of the axis Aguayo said The Faja de Oro was torpedoed after the protest for the first sinking had been delivered It appears that the submarine was wailing would issue a proclamation Fri day urging the nation to prepare for war The German government has refused to receive the Mexican rvote The president of the republic will decide what is to be done to avenge the national hon or It is understood although no communication has been received that the actions of the govern ments of Italy and Japan were the same Camacho was expected to call a special session of congress to consider a war declaration It was believed he would forego the cus i tomary cabiriet meeting puttin the war action directly before congress atonce A majority vote of a quorum of 171 representa tives and 65 senators is necessary The presidential military staff announced officially that the army is ready for any deci sion the president may take Officers believed that no Mexican shall fight abroad although the army would abide by its tradition of dignity what ever may happen Gen Lazaro Ardenas former president now commanding Pa cific defenses from the California border to Guatemala arrived by plane Thursday night and con ferred at once with Camacho High army leaders conferred Fri day with the president and War Minister Pablo Macias Foreign Minister Ezequiel Pa dilla meanwhile investigated un confirmed reports that the Mexi can vessel Faja De Oro had been torpedoed and sunk These reports fanned public indignation The foreign office had nothing to re port Mexico Loses Another Ship Declaration Near PROTEST TO GERMANY IS NOT ACCEPTED F R WARNS naorDing is a Saturday morning at 7 oclock 122 Cerro Gordo county draftees will leave the Jefferson bus station in Mason City to enter the serv ice of their country Mason City is going to give them a sendoff that will reveal at least some idea of what Mason City residents think of these boys a doen or more Patriotc organizations are band ing together to provide each boy with a small gift as well as evidence of moral support in the form off band music display of colors of veterans organizations and a siz able crowd of citizens Cornmander Edward E Pearson has asked all members of the V F W who can do so to meet at the Jefferson bus station at oclock Saturday morning We want to give these draftees an old fashioned 191718 send off said Commander Pearson Legionnaires have been asked to meet at the Abel and Son store at oclock in order to be on hand in time Adjutant Earl Walters announced Kiwanis Rotary and the Be nevolent and Harding lodges A F and A M were added to the list of sponsoring organizations Friday Others are Legion V F W Lions Euchre and Cycle club Knights of Columbus Ahepa Bnai Brith Chamber of Com merce and Elks A color guard for the departing men will be provided on South Federal avenue and Second street as the three bus loads pull out Both the Legion and V F W will have their colors at the farewell ceremony Boys 1820 on June 30 WASHINGTON Roosevelt Friday set June 30 as registration day for young men between 18 and 20 years of age The president also called for registration on June 30 for possi ble military service of all men who reached 20 years of age after Dec 31 1941 and on or before June 30 next who have not here tofore been registered This will complete for the pres ent the registration of the nations manpower for both fighting and noncombatant war duty and will be the fifth registration under existing law Young men 18 and 19 years of age who will register between 7 a m and9 p m on June 30 will not be subject to the military draft until they reach the age of 20 Males between 20 and 43 are now subject to military service Approximately 40000000 per sons between 20 and 65 have been registered in the four previous drafts Sprouting Oats Kernel Found in Boys Ear LAUREL Nebr Cook 7 son of Mr and Mrs Al bert Cook had compained for a week of a severe earache His parents took him to a physician who removed a sprouting oats kernel from his ear Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Continued rather cool Friday afternoon through Saturday forenoon IOWA Continued rather cool Fri day afternoon through Saturday forenoon A few scattered light shovyers in extreme southwest portion Friday afternoon decided change in temperature Friday afternoon through Saturday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 65 Minimum Thursday night 42 At 8 a m Friday 55 YEAR AGO Maximum 79 Minimum 61 Precipitation trace MAY TAKE CARS TO HAUL MEN TO WAR PLANTS Newhall Sees No Need to Requisition Tires This Year or in 43 WASHINGTON IP Rubber Coordinator Arthur B Newhall reported Friday that the govern ment ultimately might have to requisition automobiles to haul workers to and from war plants in areas where other facilities were lacking if the nations tlrj resources were wasted Newhall assured a press con ference however that he saw no need for requisitioning tires this year or fa 1843 and that any case they would not be taken to be ground up for re claimed rubber but only as a Simultaneously Newhall and three top war agency officials is sued a joint statement on what they called the grim rubber situation indicating their belief that tires might have to be yielded up for war purposes If the time should come when the government had to call on civilians to sacrifice their tires we know they would respond pa triotically the statement said On the other hand if it Is possible to preserve cars in the hands of their owners It will be an advantage to all trans portation and to the war effort it noted The statement was signed by Newhall War Production Board Chairman Donald M Nelson De fense Transportation Director Joseph B Eastman and Price Ad ministrator Leon Henderson Russian Tanks Ready for Battle A detachment of tankborne troops of the red army marches past a row of tanks be fore setting out on an operation somewhere on the RussoGerman front Moscow sources say This picture was radioed from Moscow to New York Missionaries Leave Kinhwa as Japs Draw Nearer City Fierce Fighting Is Reported on 4 Sectors of Ghekiang Front I think enough transportation there is Newhall said in the tires already built to care for the countrys essential needs for this year and next at which time we will be able to see the future more clearly I dont think we will need to take them privately owned tires to grind them up into reclaimed rubber but if you dont take care of your tires it might be necessary to move some of the transporta tion facilities from one place to another He explained that vehicles might be needed to transport workers to such huge wir plants as Willow Run located 40 miles from Detroit Nelson also declared that every bit of synthetic rubber as well as existing stock piles of crude and reclaimed rubber would be re quired for direct or indirect mili tary use and that absolutely none would be available for civilian passenger car use Newhall also laid heavy em phasis on the fact that military requirements would take every pound of every type of rubber available and declared his belief that Americans therefore would accept nationwide gasoline ration ing with good grace There is no question Newhall added that grain can be used for alcohol to produce synthetic rub ber and he said that WPB was currently giving earnest consid eration to an expanded alcohol synthetic rubber program andbSer 16n arTesTlett KinhwaV Friday as the Japans armys sweeping offensive drew nearer that strategic city provi sional capital of Chekiang prov ince and railway gateway to Ki angsi and central China Thursday the main Japanese column driving down the Cheki angKiangsi railway was reported 50 miles from Kinhwa smashing heavily at Chinese defense lines with airplane support Dispatches Friday said this column had made fresh head way after a temporary check but its exact position was not stated Fieice fighting was reported in all four sectors of the Chekiang front with the Japanese throwing in a large number of planes lo support their ground forces In each these sectors the Chinese are fighting bitterly against a Japanese column all four of which are driving southward or southwestward along roughly par allel lines The situation around Foochow capital and chief port of Fukien province where Japanese troops landed Wednesday in a southward extension of their spreading major offensive against China remained obscure Unconfirmed reports said the Invaders had returned to their ships but other dispatches said the Japanese had gained a fool Ins at Changmen near the mouth of the JMin river and some 18 miles east of Foochow This force estimated by some sources at 25000 was said to have fought its way ashore Wednesday after an allnight bombardment by ten warships From southern Shansi province North China came reports that three Japanese columns had launched a new attack against Chinese positions near the Fen river but had been held in check in spirited fighting Finds Unused Stamp on Tail of Robin KANSAS CITY a robin hop around his yard W F Ditch wondered what the object on its tail could be He snared the bird The object turned out to be an unused two cent stamp He released the bird and used the stamp to mail his gas bill payment NEW ORLEANS La columnists probably suppUcd sail ing information to a submarine which torpedoed and sank a med ium sized United States merchant vessel in the Gulf of Mexico May IS with 21 men missing Cant A Henry Rqwe said Friday The ship sank in 90 seconds Captain Rowe whose home is fat Aldcn Pa based his conclusion 5 Columnists Gave Sub Informati that fifth columnists tipped the Uboat on the fact that after the sinking the sub did not rise to the surface and follow the usual practice of questioning survivors about the vessels identity cargo and destination The sub never did appear he said in the marine hospital at Galveston Tex according to an nouncement by the eighth nava district That leads me to be lieve that someone tipped them off as to our sailing date They knew the name of the ship came after us and got us Rowe was one of five injured survivors taken to Galveston hos pital He was still on the bridge shouting rescue orders when the ship went under Third Mate John T Chambers 25 of Cheltenham ion Pa seized him when lie popped up outof the water and hauled him aboard a life raft The ship carrying a crew of BO Including a four man gun crew was hit by two torpedoes almost simultaneously at p m Most of the missing were believed killed by explosions but some were sucked under with the ship k ALLIED SUBS GET Cruiser and 2 Cargo Ships Are Added to Japanese Losses ALLIED HEADQUARTERS Australia list of Japans naval losses in the southwest Pa cific was swelled Friday by the announcement that allied sub marines had sunk a 7100ton cruiser and two merchant ships to taling 15000 tons The bulletin from General niacArthurs headquarters also reported that allied air raiders had destroyed or damaged 14 more planes in attacks on Jap anese bases in New Guinea and Timor V The sunken cruiser was identi KISS KILLER FOUND GUILTY Jury Recommends Youth Get Life Sentence for CHICAGO A crimi n a 1 court jury Friday found 17 year old Clarence1 McDonald guilty ol murdering his high school sweet heart as he kissed her in the bal cony of a movie theater arid rec ommended that he be imprisoned for life In returning a guilty verdict the jury of eight women and four men ruled that the handsome blond boy whom the defense had described as a Penrod gone ber serk was sane when he shot Dorothy Broz 17 as he pressed a kiss on her lips during the movie Sealed Lips last Feb 24 Six topflight psychiatrists three for the defense and three for the prosecution had disagreed during the 10day trial on the boys men tal state and most of the trial tes timony concerned whether or not McDonald was a victim of schizo fied officially as one of the class all four of which were com pleted in 132627 mount six eight inch guns and normally carry crews of 604 men each The class includes the Kako Hurutaka Kin ugasa and Aoba Allied headquarters guarding information which might be of value to the enemy did not say when or where the cruiser and the two cargo of 9 000 tons and one of been sunk On the basis of information disclosed by the navy however it was believed the sinkings were not connected with the recent Coral sea naval battle with related re ported officially to have cost the Japanese 23 or 24 ships sunkor damaged Of the Japanese planes listed as knocked out of action two bombers and one fighter were destro3ed on the ground by allied planes in a lowaltitude surprise attack Thurs day on the airdrome at Lac New Guinea headquarters said Two other grounded planes were badly damaged Three of eight Japanese fighters which tried to break up the attack were shot out of the air by the allied raiders all of which re tured safely to their base the communique added phrenia or split personality WasKingtonN Y Bus Control Established WASHINGTON ment control was established Fri day over all four bus lines operat ing between Washington and New York City by pooling services staggering schedules permitting interchange of tickets and elimi nating certain duplicating opera tions Effective June 3 the office of defense transportation ordered the lines must go thus on a com plete war footing Buy war savings bonds and slamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy CLARENCE McDONALD Guilty KILLED IN CRASH OSKALOOSA W Richard Beaver 27 of Minburn was killed Thursday night when his truck and another truck collided here Raymond Hensyl the other driver was injured Believe Red Drive Halted Near Kharkov BULLETIN MOSCOW soviet army organ Red Star reported Friday that Russian forces driving upon Kharkov against seriously deteriorated nazi re sistance have crushed Adolf Hitlers hopes of any success ful largescale offensive on the Russian battle fronts By ROGER GREENE Associated Press War Editor Masses of German reserves lung into action after nazi tank assaults failed appeared to have checked Russias offensive in the 11 day old battle of Kharkov Fri day although the red armies re lorted that in one sector they had smashed a counterattack and on he heels of the enemy broke into a populated place The German high command as serted that soviet attacks against Kharkov had been thrown back and that Hitlers armies had seized the initiative The enemy is making furi ous efforts to take the initia tive out of our hands said dis patches to Red Star the soviet army newspaper but this is not last year and the relation of the opposing forces is quite different A German broadcast heard in London acknowledged that Rus sian troops had broken through the main German fighting line over an eightmile front southeast of Lake Ilmen 130 miles below Leningrad The broadcast soid the assault collapsed in the face of stubborn German resistance Hitlers field headquarters re ported merely that southeast of Lake Ilmen the enemy continued Heavy fighting in the Lake Ilmen region has raged around the bloody Staraya Russa sector where the German 16th army has been reported trapped for months A major soviet break through here would imperil the whole left flank of the German armies including the siege forces around Leningrad On the Kharkov front the Hit ler command said After all soviet attacks repelled the initiative is now in our hands Red Star said the Germans might have succeeded in obtain ing some partial limited success es but declared that on the whole the Kharkov offensive was de veloping satisfactorily and we have everything necessary to keep the initiative Frontline dispatches said the Germans were using tricky new tactics of screened attack with their tank forces sending three groups into action two small forces to distract Russian atten tion then a third strong surprise force to catch the Russians on the flank Red Star declared this strategy failed and heavy losses were in flicted on the Germans The newspaper said that big scale tank operations had dwin dled except in one sector and that even there a major tank clash lasting several days continued at a lower pilch For the first time Fridays soviet communique omitted men tion of any general advance URGES CAUTION IN ESTIMATING EVENTS VALUE Wants Public to Avoid OverOptimism and OverPessimism in War WASHINGTON Roosevelt reiterated Friday an pinion that the war would be a ong one and cautioned against overoptimism one weeJc and over pessimism the next The war public opinion and the news go up and down with things that appear big at the moment he told a press con ference but the more that can be done to prevent this the better it is for the war eHorl The fluctuations he said are caused by a tendency toward over statement on the part of the American people It is a great mistake lo over slate things the chief executive declared adding that he thought the press could help Do you think censorship should pass some bad news he was asked Yes he replied as soon as it Iocs not affect military opera ions There is only one reason for withholding bad news he said and that is that to release it might create more bad news The president was unwilling to say whether he thought an armynavy communique last weekend had contributed to overoptimism about the war program He said he had not read it Swims With Clothes on to Win Bet Pays Fine of NEW YORK Wish nitz 52 won a bet by swim ming fully clothed in the ocean a Coney island Hauled out by a patrolman he was charged with disorderly conduct and fined you Buy war savings bonds and stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Yanks in Ireland Will Soon Get Chance to FightBrooke AEF HEADQUARTERS Norfh crn Ireland States troops in training here were told Friday by Gen Sir Alan Brooke chief of the British imperial gen eral staff that their chance to fight no doubt win come soon After spending several days in specting American units which have been toughening up since January in maneuvers over ruggeo terrain General Brooke declared We shall expect great things from the Americans when an opportunity is giym opportunity which no doubt wil come soon Among the forces which he inspected giving close attention to equipment as well as men also were armored artillery and in fantry units whose arrival in northern Ireland was announces this week Before departing Friday Brookt told war correspondents he had a high opinion of the tanks ant guns the Americans had brouch with them Rooseveltsaid thought official army and navy stateinentssKould be relied on but that there should not be over emphasis on what a person reads into them person Oh my yes he ejaculated in re Ply to an inquiry as to whether the shipsinking situation was not ctU pretty serious WILL TRY TO PREVENT UNWARRANTED PAY BOOSTS President Roosevelt declared Friday that the government would do everything it could to prevent what he termed unwarranted pay increases by private plants A half dozen steps might be taken the president said but he did not enumerate any of them to his press conference He remarked that efforts would Jo made to keep private plants in line with the general policy ot wage stabilization as a result of a question about an aircraft com pany in southern California which was willing raise wages Asked whether haf would conflict with his program7 to hold down living costs Mr Roosevelt said he thought it would because we could not have one plant which was able to pay granting raises which would make workers in other plants unhappy Preliminary Glider Training Likely at University of Iowa IOWA instruction in light airplanes preliminary to glider training will be given by the civilian pilot training pro gram a unit of which is at the University of Iowa Prof H O Crolt courdinator or the program has received of ficial information about the new project pointing out that it seems apparent that the army plans to establish schools through out the middle west for the train ing of glider pilots for the armed forces It is unlikely however that the CPT program will conduct actual ghder training but the light air plane instruction is the first step loading to such work at other points Conscientious Objector Doesnt Know When to Stop Writing Reasons SANTA FE N Mcx Las Cruces man who registered as a conscientious objector didnt know when to stop writing He duly filled out a question naire covering his objections to war and then added this post script I believe in killing Japs If I get a chance Ill show you P going lo get liis chance ;