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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 21, 1951, Mason City, Iowa Doily Ntwtpopcr MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE TMI NIWSPAPII THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS NIIGHIOtS HOME EDITION VOLLVU Fran United Full Paper of Two Sections Section in One Opinion A Badl W EARL HALL Higher Education Takes o Beating AGAINST a very pronounced wish to do otherwise I have been forced in recent months to recognize that higher education in the United States is on a down ward path so far as financial sup port is concerned This has been impressed on me by the fate of our colleges and universities in this years legislative sessions Considered from almost any point of view except total dollars which arent worth nearly as much as they used to be these institutions of higher learning are getting shorted in their appropri ations in most of our states The task of keeping to high standards has never before been so difficult for our educational administra tors This was impressed on me the other day when I came across a table showing the amount spent by the state on one university over a period of 20 years In one column was presented the cost to the taxpayers per student in terms of corn No 3 yellow corn DiminUhin Appropriations While there were variations from year to year in both the price of corn and the per student appropriation for the university the trend was definitely up for grain and down for education In one year 194748 the states per student investment in its univer sity was actually less than a tenth the comparable figure 15 years previously in terms of corn Those of course were the 2 extremes The average decline in public support for education for the 10 years has been more nearly 4 to 1 or 3 to 1 than 10 to 1 But it has been downward defi nitely downward And one must if hes realistic wonder whether there isnt a diminishing appre ciation of the importance of high er education GlobeGazette photo Losing to Competitors It seems perfectly clear that education higher education at least is losing out in its compe tition with other and more recent claims upon the tax dollar Edu cation used to be considered the principal and very nearly the only business ofgovernment But those days are gone perhaps nev er to return Once there was an assumption in our land that if the job of edu cation was sufficiently well done most of the other problems which confront a people security against old age forexample would be solved through the me dium of precluding them All that kind of thinking how ever seems to be out the window The rule now seems to be that education beyond the secondary school is just another of the mul tiple services a government may provide for its people As such it must just take its place in line for the handout How Many Votes Too perhaps Ive et myself become too suspicious of choice between support for higher education and for competitive causes is decided on this simple if not inspiring question Which course will bring me the larger number of votes Maybe all of this isgoing to change in the years ahead Maybe well get back on to the high road which led us to national great ness the road that recognized and glorified education at all levels QUEEN TURNS Jean Hauser 19 Cedar Rapids was chosen Miss Iowa Press Photographer of 1951 Saturday at the groups meeting in Des Moines so she turns the tables on a group of North Iowa lensmen and gets ready to take their photo Cooperating are Carl Turk Mason City chief photographer of the Daily lowan Iowa City Charles J Sorlien Mason City GlobeGazette Eugene Cheney free lance photographer from Nora Springs and E L Musser Mason City Globe Gazette Sorlien Picture Is Tops GlobeGazette Photographers Win Awards in 2 Contests Top awards in two photography contests have been won by two staff photographers of the Mason City GlobeGazette The contests were sponsored by the Inland Daily Press association and the Iowa Press Photographers association The tAvo GlobeGazette photographers won 11 of 26 awards in the Iowa contest Staff Photographer Charles J Sorlien won the IPPA top award the Elliott trophy in Des Moines Sunday forhis sweepstakeswinning photo Car olers which showed a group o small girls singing Christmas car ols His photos entitled Be Catcher won first prize in both the and Inland picturi series contest the thesis that if you give people ample light theyll find their way Thats a development devoutly to be I hasten to add that I have been wishing for it for a long time But in realism one must grant there is just about as much likelihood that this diver sion of the tax income will in crease even to the point of affect ing our public schools Its a Real Threat This latter I hasten to add is not a likely possibility Education at the local level is close to the people so close that they would not I believe stand idly by and witness a deterioration of the public schools That means reduced opportunity for their 3oungsters They wouldnt stand for that But the threat to our colleges and universities is so real so pres ent that it cannot longer be ig nored It isnt something that lies ahead in the dim distant future Its here Its operative today in just about every state in the union I know of no more than a half dozen exceptions among our 48 It could be that without know Ing it weve altered an earlier American concept of higher edu cation We used to assume that it was a right to be provided for those with a capacity for em bracing it Have we perchance un consciously moved into an as lumption that its a privilege to be financed mostly on their own by those who pursue their edu cation beyond high school A Revolvinr Fund Idea In this little visit with you Im raising the question But Im not in my concern about it Only short time ago I had an CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 Musser Gets 5 Staff Photographer E L Mus ser won 5 awards in the IPPA contest and was elected treasurei of the organization Sorlien was elected a director Mussers fea ure photo Corn Quilt won loiiOrable mention in the Inlanc contest at Chicago Monday In land includes 441 daily newspa pers in 19 midwestern states In the IPPA contest Sorlien won first second and 3rd in the feature class plus the sweep stakes award He also won first n sequence and 4th in sports ac ion Musser won second in the owa groups spotnews contesl for his photo Icky Goo which showed a deputy sheriff standing in a ppol of molasses spilled when a tanktruck crashed near Mason City Musser also won 3rd in spot news 4th in pictorial and 5th in sports action and spot news North lowan Scores Another North lowan Eugene Cheney free lance photographer from Nora Springs won 4th in the IPPA feature contest Carl Turk Mason City sopho more at the University of Iowa joined the association He is the chief photographer of the Daily lowan He is the son of Mr and Mrs W C Turk948 Birch drive First Korean Casualty to Be Returned The body of Pfc Jerry Duane Thomas 17 who was killed in action in Korea on July 5 1950 will be returned to Mason City for memorial services and burial according to received by his parents Mr and Mrs Harold Thomas route 4 He was the first Mason City North Korean war casualty re ported and served with the 24th division Thomas enlisted Nov 21 1949 and received his basic training at Fort Riley Kans where he was assigned to armored cavalry He left the United States for Japan April 28 1950 It is expected the body of Pfc Thomas will arrive in Mason City sometime between two and 6 weeks Announcement of the memorial service will be made later BULLETIN TIRED FOR RFC DEAL Washington Sym ington new administrator of the RFC announced Monday the flrinr of the head of RFCs Min neapolis office E M Rowlands for what Symington called an improper deal Mrs Wife of Coach Dies at Carmel Mrs J A Grimsley wife of a former Mason City high school basketball coach died Saturday night in Carmel Cal following a heart attack Mrs Grimsley the former Tess Tiernan suffered a severe heart about 3 attack weeks ago However until her death Saturday night is was believed she was recover ing She was 45 years old Mrs G r i m s 1 e ys husband Judge Grims ley coached 3 state champion Mrs Grimsley ship basketball teams while at Mason City high school He also coached football lirst in junior college and in 1941 and 1942 in high school His 1942 iootball team was undefeated During the war Grimsley served n the Pacific as a naval officer le has been rent control director n the Carmel area since the war ended Mrs Grimsley was born Teresa Tiernan Aug 24 1905 in Mason She was a graduate of the Vlason City high school and was married to J A Grimsley in Fanuary 1925 at Minneapolis Surviving are her husband daughter Susan wife of Lt Comdr William Adler who is in he navy air force stationed at Quonset R I and son John A rimsley Jr Carmel Also surviving are a sister Mrs frank M Cook Des Moines rother Vincent Tiernan manag er of the REA plant Allison and tepsister Mrs James C Glover luntington Park Cal The Grimsleys left Mason City n June 1943 when Mr Grimsley ntered the navy The present ad Iress of the family is R F D 1 jox 363 Seaside Cal Funeral services will be held at p m Friday at the Major Me morial chapel with Doctor Lloyd Gustafson pastor of the First VXethodist church officiating In erment will be at Elmwood Cemetery The Major funeral home s in charge About The WEATHER lason City Clearing later Mon day night Partly cloudy Tues day Low Monday night 50 High Tuesday 74 owa Slowly clearing north anc west Low Monday night 45 to 55 Sunny Tuesday with high 70 to 80 Further outlook More showers breaking out Tuesday night and Wednesday Little change in temperature Minnesota Mostly fair Monday and Tuesday Continued cool nbrthwest and cooler south and east Monday night anc Tuesday Continued cool north west and cooler south and easl Monday night with scattered light frost over northwest and extreme north Warmer west portion Tuesday Low Monday night 3540 north 4045 south High Tuesday 6065 northeast 7075 southwest GlobeGazette weather statistics or the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday May 21 Maximum 78 Minimum 52 At 8 a m 64 Precipitation Trace EAR AGO Maximum 71 Minimum 53 Reds Lose 60000 in 5Day Korean Assault GlobeGazette weather statistics or the 24 hourse ending at 8 a in unday May 20 Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Precipitation fBAR AGO Maximum Minimum 74 55 66 08 62 42 Packer Pay Trouble Hot Immediate Des Moines Immediat application of the big 4 packin workers wage scale to Iowa plant should eliminate possibilities t mmediate trouble in this slate plants said Russell Bull distric Director of the United Packing louse Workers of America C O Monday As Bull commented workers o two Des Moines packing firm were idle pending a decision o whether to strike in an effort t obtain at once the wage gain granted last week to employes o Armour Swift Wilson and Cud any At Ottumwa employes of John Worrell Co were planning mass meeting Monday night t decide whether to strike Tuesday o compel immediate applicatio of the big 4 scale The Des Moines firms affectec y the stoppage Monday mornin vere Bookey Packing companj and the Des Moines Packing com pany About 200 men in all wer absent from the two plants Bui aid May Be Months He attributed the stoppage an other similar threats to the men understanding that last week vage stabilization boards actior vas limited to the big 4 only ndependent plant employes fig ured it might be weeks or month sefore increase applications bene fiting them would get WSB ap proval Bull said However a Washington dispatcl ilonday said formal WSB ap proval would not be necessary fo jackers who usually grant pay in reases when the big 4 do Naturally this will ease th ituation if its correct said Bui referring to the Washington dis patch All packers in district No lawa Nebraska traditionally followed the big 4 pa pattern for years he added In the case of Bookey and De Moines Packing whose men aren working Monday the firms havi used the same wage scales as thi big 4 since 1937 Follows Scale Morrell at Ottumwa also has followed the big 4 scale In view of the statement lha ormal board approval is unne cessary I suggest that the inde pendent packers of district 3 go right ahead and put the new scale nto effect Therell be no trouble then District No 3 of the C I O Backers union has about 2500C workers in the 3 state area Nearly of the total are employed in owa plants said Bull One Iowa plant Oscar Mayers at Davenport has workers af filiated with the A F L Amal Americans Lost 1618 Dead Wounded Washington defense department said Monday the United Nations forces in Korea lost 1618 dead and wounded during 5 days through May 20 of the red offensive gamated Meat Cutters union of America Bull said Packing Union Seeks August Raise Chicago CIO Pack nghouse a 9 cents i o u r 1 y government approved wage boost already in oing to seek another raise in Au gust The union said Saturday that t will try to get wage increases under terms of its current con tract and that wage stabilization Retail Price Slashes Not Barred by High Court Rule Joe Adonis at Mercy of New Jersey Court llackensack N J Joe Adonis labeled one of the na ions 7 czars of crime pleaded no lefense Monday to a series of few Jersey gambling charges and hrew himself on the mercy of the Entering similar pleas were 4 illeged hirelings of Adonis who vere scheduled to go on trial with lim on charges of operating a 11000000 dice dynasty in north j Jersey Washington supreme ourt ruled Monday that state air trade laws do not bar stores om cutting prices if the stores efuse to sign pricing agreements Justice Douglas delivered the 63 decision which attorneys told the high court in advance would have the effect of killing the fair trade laws now in effect in 45 states Such laws have been adopted by all states except Vermont Texas Missouri and the District of Columbia They permit the fixing of minimum retail prices by agree ments between manufacturers and retailers Joining Douglas in the court majority were Chief Justice Vin son and Justices Reed Jackson Clark and Minton Justice Frankfurter wrote a dis senting opinion in which he was joined by Justices Burton and Black Justice Jackson wrote a separate opinion concurring with the majority Justice Minto joined in this opinion Mondays farreach ing with an at tack on Louisianas fair trade law by Schwegmann Brothers operators of a supermarket in New Orleans The Schwegmanns refused to sign fair trade agree ments with the Calvert and Sea gram distillers corporations At their supermarket they sold fifths of Calvert Reserve whisky for and Seagrams 7 Crown for The Louisiana fair trade minimum retail price was for each brand The distiller corporations com plained to federal courts in Louisi ana against pricecutting by the Schwegmanns The distillers won a court order barring the Schwegmanns from continuing price slashing but the high tribunal struck this down The Iowa attorney generals of fice said Monday that until it has lad opportunity to study the text of the U S supremo court ruling t does not care to comment on What effect the decision will have on Iowa laws involving pricing practices Iowa has 3 statutes which could possibly be affected by the deci sion These include the cigarct sales law which prohibits sale of cigarets except at fixed mark ups the state trademarked articles law which sanctions con tracts which require sale of trade marked articles at fixed prices and an unfair discrimination law which prohibits price favoritism AP Wircphoto ALLIES GAIN IN WEST BLOCK REDS IN EAST Open arrows indicate communist offensive moves and solid arrows locate allied pressure points on the Korean front Monday North of Seoul A UN forces drove north ward as much as 9 miles In the east B the U S second division sidestepped east of Pungnam in a brilliant tactical maneuver that closed a huge gap on its flank U S Reduces Packer Cattle Buying Price Chicago government rode herd on the nation beef cattle Monday in a program designed to corral price of cattle on the hoof The price rollback at chopping beef price nearly 10 cents a pound by Oct into effect Sunday board approval of the 9cents hik has nothing to with the planne bid The current contract expirin in August 1952 can be reopene Aug 11 1951 on wages and ma ters not covered in the contrac the union said The WSB limited the 9cen raise to some 80000 CIO mem bers in 4 major companies Som 35000 others in independen packing houses were denied th raise and a union spokesman sai they were pretty mad No Objection to Use of Chiangs Men Washington n Omar N Bradley said Monday there is n military objection to taking th vraps off Chinese nationalis orces to harass red China American troops arent involvec Bradley chairman of the join hiefs of staff made this state ment in response to question rorn Senator George a enate hearings on the dismissa f Gen Douglas MacArthur as fa astern commander He also told the senators 1 The United States would have o strip its military power else vnere to carry out MacArthuri Korean war strategy 2 There are no differences be ween the deposed general and he administration over the ne essity of keeping Formosa ii riendly hands Of Value Bradley opposed MacArthurs roposal for bombing Manchuria upply bases although he said uch action would be of militar alue if there was assurance vhich he said couldnt be given lat Russia would not enter the ghting George said he couldnt see why Wang Kaishek couldnt be per mitted to use his nationalist troops Formosa to harass China Well Bradley replied from he military point of view there no objection as I see it to re loving any restrictions on his Chiangs doing these things pro vided he doesnt get mixed up in such a way as to involve our own forces He added however that if the nationalists took such losses both in men and equipment that they jeopardized the security of For mosa the military thinking might be different Neutralized MacArthurs proposed Korean strategy includes a naval block ade of red China bombing of Manchurian bases and loosing Chiangs forces for operations against the Chinese communists The nationalist Chinese are now neutralized on Formosa MacArthur when testifying be fore the senate inquiry into his dismissal contended his program could be carried out without any great increase in military strength Brndley disputed that He said MacArthurs proposals w o u 1 d mean spreading your effort a great deal more than it is spread at the present time Immediately there w e r rumbles of that the order Hvould spur blac market operations and that amounted to confiscation Fair and Necessary But Michael V DiSalle directo of the office of price stabilization said the order is fair and neces sary He denied that there is an present intention of rationin meat and said that under the reg ulation prices still will be hig enough to bring meat to marke Heres what the new order does 1 Requires packers to buy cat tie at prices averaging 10 per cen below January levels 2 Additional cattle price roll backs of 4i per cent Aug 1 am again on Oct 1 3 A rollback of retail that is butchershop to cents a pound Aug 1 and anothe 4 to 5 cents Oct 1 Whether the rollback will b reflected right away in the house wifes budget is questionable Bu by government figures it shoul amount to nearly 10 cents a poun y Oct 1 The government says the pro gram is designed to eliminate th squeeze on wholesale and retai beef price ceilings now in effect Program Challenged But critics of the congress and in the meat industry challenged the merit of the new order Spokesmen for cattle raiser contend the ceiling merely shifL he squiieze from the packers to he cattle feeders They predictec t would end up in a big drop in eef production Senator Butler RNebr said h a radio debate Sunday Blair Goodys Meet Your Congress hat DiSalle boasts that the or ler will save consumers 00000 Cattle feeders will lose that ame said Butler vho is a cattle feeder on his farm n Nebraska Thats not saving hats confiscation College Students Set New Teeter Totter Record Berkeley Cal OJR College udents had a new teetertotter ecord to shoot for Monday Gary Kaveney 19yearold Uni ersity of California sophomore om Colusa Cal won the record of 54 continuous ours of secsawing He dis lounted saddlesore and tired at oclock Sunday morning Once is chough he said Id ever do it again not even for oncy Then he went to his Delta Up lon fraternity house and fell sleep when lie sat down on his ed to disrobe for a shower His record beat the weekold ark of 52 hours and 5 minutes t by Bob Brackenbach 22 and ick Priest 20 at the University Washington Breakout Attempt Futile By OLEN CLEMENTS Tokyo began with drawing from half of the Korean central front Monday after losing nearly 60000 men by allied esti mates in their 5 day old offensive Lt Gen Edward M Almond announced his 10th corps killed or wounded 48341 reds on the east central front Sundays toll alone was 24700 he said the biggest oneday total of the war Allied officers other casualties were inflicted on the westcentral front AP Corre spondent George A McAfthur re ported In this sector reds retreated through a driving rain Front line dispatches Monday night told of communist withdrawals before advancing allies across more than 20 miles of the front Reds were reported abandoning their bridgeheads below the Puk han and Hongchon rivers and pulling back toward Chunchon in the center Most of the red casualties were inflicted by the U S 2nd division which the communists set out to destroy The 8th army said the 2nd division killed or wounded 37750 reds in 5 days Can Handle Weve taken the starch out of the offensive Almond said I feel certain that if they come at us in even greater numbers we can handle them again The reds threw 125000 men at his sector in their second spring offensive Almond said The first red allout smash began April 22 and bogged down at the end of 10 days In their new drivej the reds fell before the tremendous tin power of UN artillery planu and automatic weapons Vwere trapped on barbed wire entangle ments blown up by mines The enemy may be getting ready to strike again Almond said and if he does we are pre pared to meet him We have a line across the pen nsula and we are holding it We 5ave a line of fire that operates day and night rain or shine Our capability of bringing down instant fire whenever we sight these peo ple is tremendous Artillery Counts Much of Sundays record cas ualty toll he said was compiled when artillery caught the Chinese Tying to carry off thendead all along a twoand a half mile valley Eighth army reports and field dispatches had given no hint of heavy red assaults Sunday UN forces suffered compara ively few casualties from the human sea waveattacks Al mond reported And the second livision is still in good shape A spokesman at Tokyo head quarters said the Indian Head di apparently inflicted more han 30 casualties for every one t suffered Briefing officers said the divi ions position was still danger ius But Chinese assaults dwin lled during the night to 6 probing ttacks on the lengthy eastcentral ront held by the second division 11 were beaten back Pressure diminished all along he front Monday morning the 8th rmy said United Nations patrols stabbed ar out from the Seoul perimeter n the far west A South Korean atrol reentered Munsan only 10 ules south of the 33th parallel ith little opposition An Ameri an task force probed into Ujong u 11 miles north of Seoul unop osed But British units shoving north ast of the old South Korean cap al ran into strong nests of reds BRITISH INVITE ADENAUER Bonn Germany r Konrad Adenauer of West ermany has accepted an invi ation to visit Britain soon Cresco Soldier Wounded in Action Virgil A Somrner son of Mr and Mrs Edwin Som mer of Cresco has been wounded in action in Korea it was an nounced Monday by the defense department at Washington SAME BUck tltf nirnns traffic dtllk In llH il kauri ;