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  • Location: Mason City, Iowa
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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 21, 1945, Mason City, Iowa KORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OES KOINES IA vou u HOME EDITION Asaoeiated Press and United Press Full Leased Wire Five Copyi T One Mans Opinion A Radio Commenlary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO MABQD City Sunday 5 p m KSCJ Sioux City Sunday p in WO1 Aum Wednesday am Cit Wednesday M t m WTAD Juincy 111 Friday p m Letters From 2 of Our Old Teachers T FIND it just a bit difficult to whittle out a compliment for myself Irom the fact that in the slightly more than 2 years since I began this onceaweek com mentary One Mans Opinion my heaviest mail from listeners has come when I gave over mv broadcast to the writings of somebody other than myself For example a year or two ago I built a commentary around a personal letter from my old Uni versity of Towa philosophy teach er Prof George T W letter in which the venerable philosopher developed the thesis lhat man doesnt need an easier life that he is always at his best when he is rowing hard up stream That particular broadcast drew something more than 500 re quests for copies Many ot those sending in the requests like my self had been in Doctor Patricks classes during his half century of service or so at the university The letter somewhat amplified later became a featured article in the Ladies Home Journal a publication edited by 2 of Doctor Patricks former students Bruce Gould and Beatrice Blackmar Gould HE problem of fhe future of personal compliment to me involved in this clearcut evidence that my guests are more interest ing and stimulating than I am I recognize the value of an audi matter what underhand ed means I have to resort to for getting it Therefore in this com mentary Im back at the old trick not only the thoughts but the words of my friends This time however Im going to compound a felony Im gains to mke use of 2 of my not just one One will be Doctor patrickagain the other will be C Dorcas long a pro fessor in the college of educa tion at the University of Iowa During my time there however be was serving as university reg istrar Like Doctor Patrick he has re tired from active duty at the uni versity and is spending his sun set years in California He is at San Bernardino Doctor Patrick at Palo Alto Along with the late Dean George F Kay Doctor Dor cas was honored at an alluni versity dinner in connection with nis retirement some 4 or 5 years ago He had seen Iowa grow from a small provincial college into a great state university my introduction of Doctor Patrick Im dipping into a communication from Doctor Dor cas as follows The greatest teacher I ever sat under was George T W Patrick professor of philosophy at the University of Iowa now living eye imdimmed and mental forces unabated in Palo Alto Cal I owe him a debt I can never repay This is also true of a num ber of others Doctor Patrick feels deeply the neglect oE culture in this genera tion Let me pass along this stanza by George Santayana with which Doctor Patrick closes his monumental work Introduction to Philosophy n says in poetry what Marconi said in prose irorM noo chnoselh not Ihe bel ter part not uitdom tn br only wise And on the inivard visionclose Ihe eyes But it is wisdom ti Columbus found a chart one bal Failh deciphered the skies To rust the souls Tnrincible surmise all his his only art Oar knowledge is 3 torch at smoijj Which HRhts Ihe pathway but ten Across a void of mystery and dread Bid then the tender lisht of Failh to Ey which alone Ihe mortal heart is led Vnta Ihe ttiinkinr o the thonht aivine 1X71TH this by way of intro ducing Doctor Patrick i now turn to my most recent letter Irom that old teacher of mine for yhat follows There is an optimistic tone in a preface I am writing to the little book of memoirs which the Uni versity of Iowa has asked me to prepare I am suggesting that there are 3 hopeful and note worthy qualities of the American mind These are goodwill good nature and efficiency We have sent our service men to all parts of the world and I feel sure that the people in all those lands are saying These Americans are cer tainly goodnatured and effi cient But I am up against another problem not so encouraging It is about the prevailing and inereas ROUGHNESS and I am tempted to copy for yon through the kindness of my wife who is writing this letter for me a page 2 which I have written in 1 of Continued on Page 2 MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MAY 21 1945 This Paper Consists of Two believe Ilic vorld anil had nn BRITISH WANT BIG 3 TO END TRIESTE FIGHT Tito Moves Quarters From Port Report No Feeling in Yugoslavia London The British press clamored Monday for an earjv meeting of the big 3 to settle a multiplicity of vexing problems in shattered Europe as tension mounted in the dispute over the Adriatic port of Trieste The time has come when allied leaders must rally their peoples to a united front for peace as they did in war declared the Daily Sketch adding that some of the issues are beginning to assume the nature of international crises and there are still darker clouds ahead The Trieste dispute the Polish problem punishment of nazi war criminals and plans for allied gov ernment of Germany said the Daily Telegraph should be ar ranged on generally uniform prin ciples between the allies at once Yugoslav Forces Leaving Austria Trieste I Yugoslav forces which penetrated into Carinthia and Styria began moving out of Austria in force Monday in trucks provided by the British eighth my and are expected to be out side the border by Monday night At the same time a Yugoslav controlled newspaper here adopted a conciliatory tone toward the message of Marshal Sir Harold Alexander to his troops on Trieste although a confused situation of dual occupation still prevailed Any differences which exist are far more superficial than funda mental but differences which are allowed to drift on too often end by becoming disastrous A Belgrade dispatch said Amer ican and British diplomatic per sonnel and civilians in Yugoslavia were alerted by their embassies Sunday to prepare for the event uality of immediate evacuation But Associated Press Correspond ent William B King reported there was no sign of unfriendly feeling toward the allies in the capital and any evacuation according to the best opinion there would take place only if the situation reached a point of open conflict Marshal meanwhile headquarters out ofTrieste follow ing a sharp exchange of state ments between the partisan leader and British Marshal Sir Harold Alexander This was believed however to be part of a general reshuffle of Yugoslav troops and there was no relaxation of Yugo slav military control apparent in the city said a Trieste dispatch from Associated Press Corre spondent Lynn Heinzerling Heinsferling said there were un confirmed reports in Trieste that the Yugoslavs had agreed to with draw from the Klagenfurt area in the disputed sector of the Au strian province of Carinthia A food shortage so acute that it might emerge as one of the de termining factors in the dispute has heightened the problem Heinzerling added It was under stood he said that Yugoslav mili tary authorities had made over tures to allied authorities for per mission to bring in food from the Padua area of Italy But it was unlikely this would be permitted since thousands of displaced per sons streaming into Italv were believed likely to sharpen the food situation in that normally fruitful area The Yugoslav news agency Tan yugr quoted Tito as saying that he was surprised and displeased with Marshal Alexanders statement Saturday which likened Titos methods with those of Hitler and Japan The agency quoted Tito as saying the presence of his troops DIVISIONS ENCIRCLE SHURI Titos commanders moved their main territory under dispute be considered as con tbc cannot quest 1 say again Tito quoted that the Yugoslav army and Yu goslavia are prepared to collab orate with the allied forces and countries but at the same time I say that Yugoslavia cannot per mit herself to be humbled and her rights denied Hail Causes Great Damage in Albert Lea By THE UNITED PRESS Residents of south central Min nesota Monday added up the dam age done by a severe hailstorm early Sunday and made plans for repairing losses which amounted to nearly in Freeborn county alone A mass meeting of building con tractors and insurance men was held Sunday night in Albert Lea hardest hit area in the path of the storm to get reconstruction un derway Officials in the area sent out a call for roofers carpenters glazers aud laborers to help with the rebuilding asking that ail available workers apply at the UnitedStates Employment Serv ice in Albert Lea Heavy rain which started fall ing in that sector about a m Monday and continued for several hours poured through broken roofs and added to the discomfort of occupants as well as to prop erty damage Because all west windows of Albert Leas 0 grade schools were broken by the hail classes were discontinued in those schools for Monday only although work went on as usual in the junior high and high schools Windows were brok en in many school buses in the vi cinity and they failed to run Monda3 On Broadway Albert Leas principal business street tar pa per covered windows which uni formly were shattered above the first floor level The storms glass splintering spree also extended to windows in all the citys factories several of which were working on government contracts The hailstorm accompanied by almost torrential rains lasted but half an hour early Sunday morn ing but eyewitnesses described the hailstones as the size of ten nis balls and said their impact broke windows shredded trees and leveled crops already up In Albert lea not a single house was left with less than one win dow broken Some had as many as 30 smashed windows and re Ports said that not a roof in town escaped damage Three greenhouse companit with a total of 20 greenhouses in the area reported that their build ings had been wiped out com pletely One greenhouse operator commented that the storm was not quite so bad as a similar one 3 years ago because I had 2 panes of glass left this time and only one last time The Kansofa truck farms near Albert Lea estimated that 15 per cent of the onion crop had been destroyed Freeborn county Sheriff Hjal mev B Wulff received no reports of injuries but said the hailstones even smashed tile roofing on I he courthouse Mower county suffered consid erable damage from the storm with gardens and trees being stripped and roofs damaged In Austin the hail which was de scribed as the size of mothballs was several inches deep in some places Faribault county also reported damage from the hailstorm espec ially in and around Blue Earth and although Waseea county es caped the brunt of the storm some hail was reported south ol the village of Waseea Support the 7th Buy War Bonds Tokyo Reports B29s Mine Strait Between Main Southern Islands Guam 01R reported that 20 B29 Superfortresses mined Kanmon strait between northern Kyushu and southern Honshu lor 2 hours early Monday The operation presumably was designed to interrupt shipping of vital war materials between the 2 The word invest has several meanings In one sense the word means to lay siege In another it means to lay out capi tal for permanent use The navy I am proud to say is in both senses Today we are laying siege to attacking the all our might Today also the American government is providing the op portunity to all of us for laying out our savings for productive use in the days to come For the sake of our families for the high sake of our country we must continue to invest and mvest attack and save until tht enemy is ours until the future is OUR BOYS START COMING HOMEA welcoming group of girls wav VE Day ave a greeting to a bearing them America since Agreement of Big 5 Powers on Regional Defense Opens Way for World Charter Plan San Francisco among the big 5 and Latin Amer ican nations on plans for regional self defense systems within a world the united nations the regional plan with only minor changes aS differences in soviet a system of international trustee ship is close J Furthermore satisfactionoftlie Latin American republics that the regional defense system in this hemisphere will be preserved melted their opposition to decisive action on other major conference issues mainly a vetovoting sys tem for the big powers in the pro posed world security council As the 4th full week of the con ference opened many united na tions leaders were hopeful that the job of charting the new inter national league could be finished June 2 Proposals for speeding up the work to meet that deadline ready for a steering commit tee session Monday a Smcoth and solution that but may withdraw their argu ments Other wise some uew term may be agreedupon The regional defense agreement was announced by Secretary of State Sleltinius Sunday night fol lowing a heavy schedule of meet ings through the weekend Language experts worked over the United States and Russian drafts Saturday night and Sun day Latin American leaders had a preliminary look at the revised plan Sunday morning The Ameri can delegation approved it Sunday noon and the bigfive formally okayed presentation to a conference committee Sunday evening Subsequently 1G American military authorities Latin American delegations gave were understood to ieel that thetheil endorsement The other Eour ardless of how league works out security arrangements already on or in the making offer full pro tection to the United States re the projected Much of the maneuvering to date has been due to the efforts of all the nations but particularly the big powers to set up as many safeguards as they can for their own future protection Thus Rus sia early obtained agreement of the big 5 to allow defense treaties against future axis aggression to remain unchanged under the world organization system were absent from the meeting where this occurred Here is the key provision of the amendment as revised Nothing in this chapter impairs the inherent right of individual or collective selfdefense if an armed attack occurs against a member state until the security council has the measure necessary to maintain international peace and security Measures taken in the exercise of this right of selfdefense shall be immediate counci TRUMAN HONORS 100THDOUGHBOY Sergeant Awarded Medal of Honor Washington Tru man told congress Monday that American forces were preparing to strike the Japanese with over whelming power Speaking at ceremonies at which he awarded the congressional med al of honor to Tech Sgt Jake W Llndscy of Liicedale Miss the president asserted This is a proud and moving occasion for every American it follows the complete victory of the allied forces over a powerful enemy in Europe It finds us strik ing devastating blows in the Pa cific We are preparing to strike them later in overwhelming force Before the battle against Japan is won we shall have other men to whose deeds like those we celebrate today wiil have brought closer our inevitable vic tory Lindsey is the 100th infantryman to receive the nations highest award Tor valor in battle and the president in making the presenta tion personally before a joint ses sion of congress set a precedent for such ceremonies Through him Lindsey we pay a grateful nations tribute to the courage of all our lighting men the president said The history of this war is filled with countless acfs of valor by our soldiers and sailors and marines under fire The president pointed out that no officer ordered Lindsey when Chinese Take Strong Point on Railway Chungking troops in a sudden offensive in Kwangsi province have recaptured Hochih important Japanese bastion on the KwangsiKweichow railroad 95 miles west of the rail junction city of Liuchow the Chinese high command announced Monday Hochih was one of the Japanese strong points screening the enemy corridor to IndoCbina Repeated Chinese attacks had failed to dis lodge the strongly entrenched Japanese there during the winter campaign Chinese forces on the east coast seized another port in the Foochow area and rumors persisted that enemy troops were evacuating numerous China coast positions which they feared would be turned into death traps in the event of an American invasion Diongloh a small port on the Min river 15 miles southeast of Foochow fell to Chinese troops on Saturday Across the river other forces were Hearing Namoi eight miles east of Fooehow and one of several points which the Japanese had fortified against American landings Approxi mately 200 Japanese who tried to make a stand at Diongloh were wiped out the Chinese said These new successes seemed to blester the rumors that the Japa iese were clearing out ot coastal positions all the way from Hang chow bay 650 miles southwest ward to Hongkong The reports followed a Chinese announcement that approximately 1500 Japanese had been killed in a fourday bat tle some too miles northeast of Chungking which turned back the enemys second offensive within a month in inner China POSTPONESTATE DIAMOND MEET Tourney at Manson Wiil Open Wednesday Boone IP The Iowa high school baseball tournament finals scheduled to open at Manson Mon day will not begin until Wednes day on account of rain Lyle Quinn secretary of the Iowa High School Athletic association said Monday All except one of the 8 final ists have been determined The other will be the winner nf a contest between Roosevelt of Ce dar Rapids and Wyman to be played at City Monday Those schools which already have qualitied for the finals TOKYOREPORTS AMERICANNAVY IN JAP WATERS Strong Patrols Enter Yonabaru Find Few Japs Left in City Guam tenth army on Okinawa sent strong patrols into Yonabaru on the east coast Mon day while marines used flaming oil to drive Japanese defenders from formidable fortifications guarding the virtually encircled stronghold town of Shuri front dispatches reported The Domei Japanese news agency said an American fleet again was on the prowl off southern Japan It appeared to be approaching Kyushu for new at tacks on the Japanese homeland Closerange fighting of unsur passed intensity in the Pacific war raged among the ridges and caves outside Shuri and Yonabaru Army patrols dispatched by Maj Gen John R Hodge of the 24th corps penetrated Yonabaru and found but few Japanese The enemy apparently lias been mov ing out of the own during day light hours when American artil lery spotters are overhead U S marines and infantry on Okinawa were enveloping Shuri in bloody hand to hand fighting under cover of the heaviest land sea and nir bombardment of the Pacific war The final assaults on Naha rubble heaped west coast port and capital of Okinawa and the east coast town of Yonabaru appar ently were being held up while the American command hurled all available strength against Shuri m the center of the enemy line Led most of the way by tanks the leathernecks drove 800 yards through coral ravines and draws where the Japanese had elaborate defenses to the vicinity of Shu ns northwestern outskirts Sun day Lt James Paulos commander ot a company which seized one ridge overlooking the ancient capital of Kyukuyan monarchs told Asso ciated Press Correspondent Vern Haugland The m e n took heavy mortar fire all the way up the ridge Tanks went into draws and threw flames into caves and the men shot down the Japs as they came nut Finally we had to leave the tanks behind as we mounted higher The men fought hand to hand cave to cave Meantime the 771h infantry di vibion advanced doggedly to with in 900 yards of Shuri on the northeast throwing back 3 coun through victories in district meets torattacks and elements of the are Somers Harlan Elkader infantry division moved of DCS Moines Mason within lfiOO yards of the walled Cily Anthon and East of Water moated city on the east loo I The 6th marine division sent sec with 3 main objectives 1 To chart the world organiza tion in such a way as to minimize warbreeding friction among the big powers and provide protec tions against aggression wherever it may occur in future 2 Xo preserve the interAmeri OiKtil ly reported to the woundcl engage 8 Germans tiuuii uiu autnorily anu i ma responsibility of the security any lime deem necessary to maintain or re 1LT tile Uy UUlIll oryil P this charter to lake at were a flash of the nobility such action as it may wc llke to thnk is a 1 c American o anan or re store international peace and scI lmsclfsn Jailor which can triumph i cuvity over terrible odds They were the Buy your Bonds and unity against attack from within or without United States officials say the regional defense plan now agreed on provides for this 3 To prepare the way for de velopment of American land sea and air bases in the Pacific islandsMason City Showers wrested from Japan The problem here arises in connection with in ternational trusteeships The Unit Weather Report FORECAST ed States has put forward a plan which would allow the security council to not pre development ot such bases Russia proposed to alter this plan in such a way that thc coun cil itself would designate the bases to be developed under the veto voting formula this would mean that any one of the big bowers could block a base project The has been a subject of con troversy for more than a week Now however it is expected that Russia may not insist on its proposal and that the United States idea will prevail On an other trusteeship er to promise colonial peoples in dependence or selfgovern ment possible seen The United States is backing selfgovernment thc Russians independence The sug fesfed that both terms bewritten nto thc world charter Britain and the United Slates argued against govern compromise was and thun They were the very essence of victory Since the war started he said i 223 medals of honor have been i navy 27 in the marine corps and one to thc coast guard Of the loo infantrymen so hon orcd 50 died in performing the i acts for which they were cited II seems fitting that in this j symbolic ceremony we derstorms Monday afternoon an infantryman Mr Trui Tuesday fair and cooler i staled There is little glamor in his service He faces not only t Iowa Showers and thunderstorms Monday afternoon ending Mon day night Tuesday fair and cooler Monday night continued cool Strong shifting winds Monday afternoon diminishing Monday night Minnesota Cloudy and clearing Monday night and fair Tuesday Cooler Monday night Warmer in south and east portions Tues day Moderately strong norther ly winds Monday night dimin ishing Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics thc enemy before him but the coltl i and heal thc rain and snow the dust and mud which so often make his life miserable These things he endures and arises above them to such Valorous deeds I as those celebrate today 1 The president expressed hope that every mnn and woman in the nation will reverently thank God that we have produced such sons as these Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday Maximum Sunday Minimum Sunday At 8 a m Monday Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 69 55 77 55 58 88 inch 78 63 Young General Dies in Action on Luzon Manila Brig Gen James L Dalton 35 one of the youngest generals in the army was killed by a Japanese sniper nearBalele Pass on northern Luzon island Gen Douglas MacArthur an nounced Monday Dalton whom MacArthur re ferred to as distinguished and in trepid was killed May 16 Mac Arthur announced the young of 32 ificcrs death with great sorrow AMERICANS AND CK1NESE DRIVE AGAINST lags locate areas of allied drives against Japheld areas black on Okinawa in China where capture of Foo diow on east coast was announced by Chinese and in the inilippines where Americans pressed their attacks against the Japs on Luzon and Mindanao ;