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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 21, 1943, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT 0 HISTORY AN9 ARCHIVCi KOI tit1 I A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MAY 21 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SUCTION ONE NO 192 t JAPAN REPORTS YAMAMOTO KILLED Allies Destroy 113 Planes in Raids on Sardinia and Italy 91 AIRCRAFT ON GROUND RUINED WITH ASSAULTS 7 of Planes Destroyed in Combat Are Huge Merseburg 323s ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA American lighters and bombers destroyed 113 enemy planes in widespread and devastating raids Thursday against Italy and Sardinia during what was officially called one of the greatest victory days in the history of the strategic air force The strategical air force under command of U S Maj Gen James H Doolittlc is made up of U S navy and medium and RAF medium bombers Its formation was announced April 15 Allied headquarters spokes men said that in a swift hit and run sweep over northwest ern Sardinia P38 lightnings outfitted as fishterbombers dropped three bombs on a dam 10 miles east of Sassari near the Gulf of Asinara Results were not announced Aircraft of a half dozen types participated in the whirlwind aer ial action in which 91 axis planes were shattered and 22 axis pilots engaged in air com bat were sent crashing in flames The allied communique an nounced that seven the planes shot down were Merseburg323s the huge German transports which are capable of carrying 120 men each or about 10 tons of freight The roll call of enemy aerial disaster thus was brought to 186 planes in two days Allied air craft destroyed 73 axis planes aloft or on the ground the day before in similar heavy smashes at Italian Mediterranean bases The PAF and the U S A A F disclosed in a joint communique that they had destroyed 5172 axis planes in air combats in the Medi terranean area between the en trance of Italy into the war on June 10 1D40 and the collapse of axis resistance in Tunisia this month Of these 3415 were shot down by the middle east command squadrons including Maltabased units and 1757 in the northwest African campaign Since the German and Italian ground forces tossed in the sponge however allied brought down 89 Japanese Making Last Stand on Northeast End of Attu CHURCHILLFR NEAR DECISIONS N CONFERENCE Will Get Preliminary Proposals From Staffs on Friday Evening WASHINGTON looscvelt disclosed Friday that 10 BritishAmerican chiefs of taff would submit some prelim nary recommendations Friday light to him and Prime Minister Churchill and he said probably inal decisions on them would bo Tiade next week SHOPPERS BRAVE FLOOD ot these shoppers in a flooded Logauspoft Indbusiness area wear high boots and a boy rides through on a bicycle but the others just get wet Factories in some areas of the city were forced to suspend because of the high water As sociated Press photo from U S navy i ij t J Floods Cause Added Concern in Missouri South Illinois Nearly 100000 airmen have more planes swelling the north African total to 1346 and the list in all the Mediterranean area to 5261 This figure does not include hundreds of enemy planes blasted on the ground One American plane was lost in the destruction o the 113 enemy planes Thursdav Twelve of 25 SavoiaIar chetti 79s Ihrceenjdned Italian bombers were set afire on the Milas airdrome of Sardinia in attacks without a pause to give the reding avis air force any rest U S flying fortresses again raided Grosseto airdrome 90 miles north of Rome and a spokesman said some of the finest precision bombing of the war took place over its hangars administration buildings and runways Fiftyeight of 59 aircraft parked on the ground there were de stroyed during the high altitude Reported Homeless While Waters Rise By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Spreading waters from the rampaging Mississippi and Mis souri rivers brought added con cern to southern Illinois and Mis souri Friday as other smaller streams in six midwest states rose relentlessly causing further wide spread destruction in the flood stricken zone f As the two biff rivers joined together early Friday some 10 miles northwest of the normal confluence near Alton 111 the number of persons driven from their homes by the disastrous floods was close to estimated by Red Cross offi cials and other Hundreds of civilian including high school boys and girls in some throughout the night in towns re garded as in imminent danger aiding engineers and soldiers in the struggle to hold back the surging waters Ron Cross officials rushed re lief to the stricken families and government engineers and sol diers aided civilians in evacuating homes in hundreds of towns and cities and farms The Red Cross office at St Louis said that in Illinois Missouri Arkansas and Oklahoma more than 80000 were homeless while in Indiana offi cial and unofficial observers esti mated 12000were lorccd lo flee their homes by the floods Tht number left homeless in Kansas the sixth state affected by the flood was not calculated While thousands of farm lands Mere inundated in the six states and damage to crops was estimated at millions of dollars there was a degree of optimism concerning the crop situation expressed by crop experts in Chicago They said the most serious as i eastern St Charles countj Mo to meet the overflow o Mississippi near West Alton lo Every levee was out along i 5mile stretch from Augusta ti t Charles which was consid red in immediate danger Its no telling where the Mis ouri will go now said R A jangenbacher St Charles county arm agent who earlier had es mated damage in the county a 2000000 At St Louis 11 Col W F awlor of the army engineers of ice revised the previous crest fo lie Mississippi upwards to 37 t 75 feet expected Sunday o londay The latter figure woul e the highest mark since the 38 oot level of 1903 and the sec nd highest on record The rive tage Thursday night was abou 6 feet attack reconnaissance graphs showed photo Lnu Novikoff to Join Cubs to Put Them on Winning Streak SPORTS BULLETIN LOS ANGELES liP Kovikoff entrained for Chicago Friday for the purpose as lie modestly expressed it of starting the floundering Cubs on a win ning streak The holdout outfield er came to terms with the Cubs early Friday at a figure repre senting a compromise between the S6500 he had been offered and the he was demand ing Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette canier boy pect of the flood situation as i applied to the nations food sup ply concerned corn planting o which has been delayed by tin floods But they said it was con sidcrcd nosiblc that this loss o time would be made up by warm sunny weather during Ihe sum mer They added that in Ihe bi crop area a late spring had de laved corn planting one or twc weeks before farm lands wcr inundated They also said lha the danger exists in the fact tha autumn frosts may kill the cro before it is matured because o the late plantings A loss of between 5 and 15 pe cent of the oats crop in som states was indicated the experL said but they added that winte wheat in much 01 the sotithwes had not been touched by Late Thursday night Ihe Mis souri river broke through weak ened points along the channel and rushed northward across country At the same lime the chief executive told a press confer ence it is absolutely true that a large majority of American forces outside the United Slates are in the Pacific The British prime minister had mentioned that in a speech to con gress Wednesday and the presi dent said it is particularly true of the army and navy About half of our air force is in the Pacific le asserted Mr Roosevelt also issued a statement hailing National Mari ime day Saturday Paying tribute to the men who sail and build the merchant vessels he told reporters Lhat they were helping to maintain ring that is slowly and surely being closed around the axis powers Asked if he could give a prog ress report on his conferences with the prime minister tile president replied that so far most of he work has been done by the combined chiefs of staffs top military naval and air advisers ivho Hank the two con sultants Tentative recommendations are expected to be made at a meeting Friday night he said and these will be considered by the presi dent and prime minister over the weekend They will take them up next week he said and the kinks will be ironed out and a final de cision made on them Speaking ot the maritime pro gram Mi Roosevelt said that ship construction is going ahead ex ceedingly well with the building exceeding sinkings and total out put well ahead of what anyone expected a year ago He spoke of a process now underway of graduating slowly from liberty ships to faster and better victory ships which he said could be used for commerce after the war Recalling that on maritime day Nipponcse Fighting on Defensive High Ground of Island WASHINGTON navy reported Friday that operations on Attu island in the north Pacific are continuing with the latest re ports indicating that the Japanese are making a last stand in defen sive high ground on the islands northeastern extremity The Vichy radio in a broadcast recorded in London said Friday that the Japanese have begun to evacuate Atlu This had no con 3 The enemy as of last Wednes day held an area of about 15 or 20 square miles with a line op posite American advancing forces about five miles UIIIJT Thursdays communique how ever gave no information on what had occurred on Attu Thursday and officers said frankly that ail they could be sure of for the pres ent was that operations are con tinuing They assumed that the Japanese probably had been driven back somewhat farther in the mean time although fog and cold might have slowed down the Amcricai movement Navy communique number 385 said South Pacific All dates are east longitude 1 On May lflth20th duiiiij the night eight Japanese bomb ers attacked Guadalcanal island causing minor damage U S fight ers shot down Uvo of the enemy planes North Pacific 2 On May 19th operations o Attu continued Japanese force have established positions on th high ground east of Attu village U S BOMBERS SMASH AT 2 BIG UBOAT YARDS 12 Flying Forts Lost in Heavy Raids on Wilhelmshaven Emden LONDON forces f U S flying fortresses struck leavy new daylight blows Fri lay at the Uboat yards of Wil iclmshaven and Emden smashing hrough heavy fighter opposition vhich brought down 12 of the xmibcrs the eighth U S A A F j nmounced Xaval installations if tHilli the vital German ports took u terrific beating from the hun dreds of Ions of explosives loosed in the hisrh altitude bulls eye observers said Simultaneously eighth air force P47 thunderbolts swept anew over the naziguarded European coast in separate operations and received their stiffest punch to date from German lighters Three thunderbolts were lost in a fight with a force of FockeWulf ISJOs and only one FockeWulf was re ported damaged Swift mosquito bombers of the RAF bombed Berlin Thursday night lor the second successive night and the fifth time since May 13 it was announced Friday ADMIRAL YAMAMOTO Killed NEWS SURPRISES 0 S NAVAL MEN Some Authorities Are Skeptical of Reports WASH 1NGTON of the tenth of Admiral Isoroku Yamumolo Jupunesc fleet chief came as a surpnse Friday to American naval men who said tlicy were unaware of any seaair combat in April sufficiently im portant to have claimed the at tention of Japans ranking officer No American sources con firmed the death and reaction ranged from calm expressions of interest to frankly skeptical comment on Tokyos account of how the admiral met his fate Miner Works 8 Hours Then Walks 80 Miles n 24 Hours for BLANDING Utah UP Jac Milling 31 a miner who advocates i last year the principal honors T diet of raisins and canned milk j we reserved for workers in the bet SSO he could walk SO miles in H hours Milling dined on raisins ind milk worked eight hours in the mine walked the 80 miles Die another meal of raisins and milk md went back to work in the mine lie collected the S80 ear to seamen who by their ourage and fortitude have won he everlasting gratitude of the people of the united nations the nen on the battlefront and their cllow Americans on the home rout1 In his press conference Mr Roosevelt reiterated the allies unconditional surrender stand vhen asked whethcr any consid eration is being given to the po tical future of Italy He did not elaborate on that point The president had no specific nformation to divulge on the pri mary topics under discussion in conferences with Churchill as well as with Prime Minister W L Mackenzie King of Canada Hn said he was talking with King about the problems involved in winning the war ARMY MANS WIFE The body of Mrs Nonna Faye Scogin 19 wife army Li George L Scogiit Des Moines Iowa was near Tnllahoma Tenn beneath a brush pile A Negro George Slim Johnson cafe proprietor sought in connection with the slaying was trapped by police ata Nashville Tenn bus sta tion and he shot and fatally wounded himself United States army bombers at tackedJapanesc entrenchments i the area north of Sarana Bay Thursdays communique also had told of operations on the lHh ami had said that army bombers attacked military objectives in the Chicagof area Thus it appeared thai he whole enemy defense line had been un der air attack on Wednesday This line reportedly consist Ing of strategic heights caves and stretches from the shore of Sarana Bay to Attu vil lasre which is at the head of Chichacof harborf The penin sula beyond this line embraces an area of 15 to 20 square miles nf rough mountainous country navy men said There was no amplification of the action in the south Pacific in which eight Japanese bombers succeeded in causing only minor damage at Guadalcanal The fact that the attack made at night and that American fighters de stroyed two of the enemy raiders was evidence that night fighter planes are now in operation on Guadalcanal The situation in I he Aleutians threatened to develop a complete blockade of the Japanese base on Kiska island Their plight on Attu appeared hopeless Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from jour GlobeGazette carrier boy Simultaneously other British bombers and fighters struck at enemy industries and com munications at w i d c s n r e a d places in both France and Ger many including Bremen and Essen Mines also were laid in enemy waters an air ministrycommuni que said Despite the scope of the opera tions all the RAF planes except WAS DIRECTING OPERATIONS IN SOUTH PACIFIC Admiral Once Boasted He Would Dictate Peace in White House NEW YORK Tokyo radio announced Friday that Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto 59 commander in chief of the com bincd Japanese fleet who boast ed he would dictate peace terms in the white house was killed on the very front lines of the south while directing operations against allied naval forces from an airplane A Tokyo radio announcer in a voice which broke with emotion gave the news to the Japanese people with these words from the official Japanese announcement An imperial headquarters coniinuiiiciuc issued on May 21 at 3 p in Japan time Ad miral Isorokn Yamamoto com mander in chief of the com bined fleet while directing Erneral strategy on the front line in April of this year en gaged in combat with the ene my and met a gallant death on a warplanc A subsequent broadcast set the locale of his death in the south Some authorities suggested that he may not have been present at all They said he had been identi tied with so many Japanese re verses in the last year that he might have committed harakiri or he might have died a natural death of some organic ailment In either of the latter two cases it was said the Japanese high Presumably the very front lines of the south referred to the waters north of Australia in the New Guinea or Solomon islands area where there have been frequent naval encounters Yamamoto was possessed of a consuming hatred ot the United States acquired in his youth safely to then one returned bases The Berlin radio acknowledged that British planes had been over Germany again but characteris tically made light of the raids describing them as ineffective nuisance attacks7 The daily com munique of the German high command broadcast from Berlin made no mention of the latest at tack on the nazi capital Details ot the RAF attacks on enemy transport were given by the air ministry news service Near Bremen the announce ment said orfe speedy mosquito tet fire to a factory with cannon shells shot up a Freight yard and strafed a train bringing it to a halt Seven other trains four lo comotives and a number of an tiaircraft searchlijjht batteries were targets for other mosqui toes in he Bremen area In France a beaufighter shot down a Hcinkel III over a Ger man airfield while others dam aged locomotives barges freight cars canal jetties and motur transport command would almost certainly have dressed up the navy leaders demise with fitting circumstances and glowing tribute in order to maintain his stature as a hero before the Japanese people American communiques record ed the following air or sea actions during April in any of which if the Japanese version is correct i j F R Authorizes Direct Quote in Comment on Death WASUINGTOV is Ircsidcnt Koosevelts comment which lie authorized for direct quotation 011 the reported death of Japanese Admiral Yamamoto Gosh Abandon Otranto High School for Duration Final Graduation Held OTRANTO lames Pacey and Gordon Simpson have the distinc tion ot being the last seniors lo be graduated by the local high school for the duration of the war A fi nal commencement was held Thursday night with W Earl Hall of Mason City giving the address Next year the high school students here will be transported by bus lo a neighboring high school ol larg er size due to the difficulty of maintaining an adequate teaching staff here The local consolidated grade school will be headed by Mrs Know and Stipt Gerald D Hiatt will go to a nosition else where Yamamolo may have died j he victim of some youthful American fighter who hud no idea he was sending the enemys lop commander to his death April 2 3 combats north east of Guadalcanal in which 11 Japanese zeros were downed by U S fighters and an allied air at lack on Japanese naval units olf New Ireland April battle off Guadal canal in which 30 enemy planes attacking allied shipping were shot down April 11 to battle over Oro Bay Port Moresby Milne Bay all of New Guinea in which a total of B2 planes were knocked out of heavy forces raiding those allied bases also a fight over the Japanese base at Weak New Guinea in which seven enemy I vcre downed when his father told him of the barbarians who had come in their black ships broken down the doors of Japan threatened the son of heaven trampled upon ancient customs demanded in dcmnitics His military training started at the IKC of six but he later switched ti the navy because he said he wanted to return Commodore Ferrys visit1 A Domci dispatch broadcast by the Tokyo radio after Pearl Har bor quoted him as writing Any time war breaks out between Japan and the United States I shall not be content merely to capture Guam and the Philip pines and occupy Hawaii and San Francisco I am looking for Street Grader Carries Passengers in Flood TULSA Okla O liigh walcr forced suspension of service on the intcrurban line between Tulsn and San Springs So a street grader equipped with high wheels shut tles back and forth across the flooded section It carries ten pas sengers on each trip TENNIS FOR FOOD of feeding the world arc temporarily forgotten by these delegates to the united nations food conference at Hot Springs Va as they relax on the tennis court of the Homestead hotel resort Left to right are L B Pearson of the Canadian legation Toby Hanson pro of Ihe hotel H S IMailk trade commissioner of India and R Opie counselor of the Brit ish embassy Buy Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlohcGazcltc carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Friday afternoon not much change in temperature Friday night war mer Saturday forenoon IOWA Wanner in cast and cen tral portions Friday afternoon not much change in tempera United States in the white house at Washington Yamamoto spoke English fluently It was Yamamoto who planned Ihe treacherous attack on Pearl j Harbor which set off the Pacific I war and Japanese Navy Minister Shigetaro Shimada paid tribute to j his trickery Friday as an opera I tiou which amazed the world f The Tokyo broadcasts said Emperor Ilirohito had bestoued posthumously on Yamamoto the rank of fleet admiral and had decreed a state funeral for him The emperor decorated him with the grand order of the chrysan themum and the first order of the iroldcii kite He was also made a member of the supreme military council Niivy Minister Shimada said that Yamamoto had made Ja pans position in the greater East Asia war uushakeable and im pregnable and asserted his serv ice lo Japan will go down in his tory and will be remembered for ever by every Japanese Yamamoto was Japans fore most advocate of combined sea and air power and was known as one of the most able naval strate ists in the empire forcnoon MINNESOTA Continued temperature Friday night and Saturday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 71 Minimum Thursday night 45 At 8 a in Friday T8 fain 04 nch YEAR AGO Maximum 57 Minimum 34 London naval conference ot 1934 tl I smashing the whole structure of naval limitations and ending the building truce that gave the Pa cific ocean two decades of peace The announcement of his death was contained in a terse communi que issued by Japanese imperial headquarters The broadcast added that Admiral Mineichi had been named Yamamntos suc cessor and already was in com mand Koxa formerly was com ;