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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 21, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION UlllU mm mmm 190 JAPS LAND TROOPS NEAR FOOCHOW Inner Defenses Around Kharkov Reported Cut HfffcA TT I REDS DECLARE KEY POINT OF FRONT IS TAKEN Advance of 6 Miles in Y Main Sector Described in Russian Reports By ROGER 1 GREENE Associated Press War Editor Russias armies driving ove fields littered with wreckage re ported Thursday they had en gulfed a key German stronghold crushed repeated German tank attacks and stormed forward sh more miles in the 10 day old bat jtle of Kharkov Soviet dispatches said Russian troops wiped out the nazi strong holds garrison in a fierce 4 minute struggle A red army communique said fivi villages had been captured in thi battle area and enormous losses inflicted on the enemy Far behind the lines soviet guerrillas were reported to have recaptured an important city of several thousand inhabitants driving out the Germans who had hejd the point for four months and routing a strong nazi force which attempted to regain it in a dawntodusk battle Dispatches to Red Star soviet army newspaper said the German stronghold captured on the Khar kay front was one the nazis had sought to hold at any parently a major link in Khar kovs immediate defense ring More than 1300 Germans were declared to have been killed in toe last 24 hourswhile nazi tank me huge battle zone the Russians said they had blocked German Field MarshalFedor von Bocks flank ing couhterjthrusts and fierce fighting was reported continuing on Kerch peninsula in the Crimea Adolf Hitlers field headquar ters pictured the Russians as suffering heavy losses as Ger man warplanes ranged over the Kharkov battlefield in great numbers strafing and bombing the red armies The German command said nazi troops guarding the big steel city Russias Pittsburgh in the Ukraine beat off powerful tank led soviet attacks and destroyed 63 more red army tanks Hitlers headquarters also re ported strong Russian assaults were developing in the bloody Lake Ilmen sector 130 miles soutn of Leningrad Axis dispatches from Bucharest asserted that GermanRumanian offensives had slowed the Russian drive upon Kharkov in a battle of extreme violence but acknowledged that massed soviet forces were smashing vio lently at many places below Bel gorod 50 miles north of Kharkov Bucharest reports said pow erful axis blows had forced the Russians to withdraw Tuesday Jo the environs of Chuguov ZO miles southeast of Kharkov and a bitter fight is now in progress there Other Bucharest dispatches countering the German high com mands claim that the battle of Kerch was concluded admitted that soviet troops were still lighting with sharp resistance at crinTea in the eastern London military quarters said Marshal Sem was Use Hedgehog Defense Plan Around City By JOE ALEX MORRIS unfted Press Foreign Editor The red army broke into the in ner ring of German defenses around Kharkov Thursday and was reported striking furiously to break the diminishing mechanized power of Hitlers summer offen sive armies in the Ukraine The battle of Kharkov still was undecided and the Moscow Red Star said that one large tank en gagement still was in progress But the German forces under Field Marshal Fedor von Bock were said to have suffered tre mendous losses in 10 days ol fighting and be able to put only 10 or 15 tanks into action in sup port of infantry on most sectors Figrhtine inside the nail hedgehog defense scries of spinelike fortified points stretching out from Kharkov developed in open fields among the forts and in enveloping attacks on strong Points as a result of the Rus sian break through to the inner lines V The breakthrough did not nec essarily mean that Kharkov was about to fall Both sides apparent y have spent men and material reely m the battle and the nazi hedgehog system is designed to make the offensive mare and more ostly as it moves closer to the ity But it was of utmost importance fe reti armv continued to lold the offensive in the Ukraine hat the Berlin high command ac knowledged continued attacks which the nazis said were re pulsed with the gravest losses and that the German attempt to auncn a counteroffensive on the Joins Up in Style Wnig ui iviarsnai eon Tunoshenkos armies was forward relentlessly upon PCharkov although at a some hvhat slower pace while the south ern wing was apparently checked At mrirf afer brtter tmg soviet headquarters an Our continued offensive in the Kharkov direction The Germans disregarding enormoos losses have made counterattacks attempting to hold up the offensive of our Droops These atiempts of the en emy are beingdefeated and the uermans are suffering huge j losses in manpower and equip 1 ment com one sector alone the S2J red army imps and captured quantities of booty Bny war savings bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette earner boy The diminution of GcrmuT tank striking power also was likely to be a decisive factor in the battle unless Hitler rushes mechanized reserves fo the Kharkov front This engagement wild contest and the side that can stand up and keep go ing longest is likely to emerge successful not only in the strag gle for Kharkov but in the bat tle to hold the offensive on the whole southern front An indication of the toll being aken m the Kharkov battle was 1he Russian comrrmnj h listed 27 German lanes 42 tanks 35 field gum 12 nti aircraft guns 37 mortars 360 rucks and 700 men destroyed in ne days fighting On same we Germans claimed thev knocked out 63 Russian tanks ANTHONDEFEATS WHAT CHEER 74 SPORTS BCIAETIN MANSON Harold eterson hurled Anthon to a 7 to 4 victory over What Cheer in the opening game of the state hish school baseball tournament here rhursday Maurice J Ungar precision watch ciystal nmdei in civilianlife reported for induction in the US army at Providence R I in his tuxedo with the comment is the army wants Governor Takes Mill State KILLED NEAR TAMA TAMA s Battin 41 of Cedar Rapids a salesman was killed Wednesday night struck a viaduct abutment near here Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Not much change m temperature Thursday after noon Thursday and Friday fore noon IOWA Slightly warmer Thursday afternoon and incentral portion Thursday night scattered slight showers in extreme west por tion through Friday forenoon extending into central portions by Friday morning MINNESOTA No decided change in temperature with scattered showers southwest and extreme west portions Thursday after noon and Thursday night con tinuing in southwest portion Friday morning IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 57 Minimum Wednesday night 34 At 8 a m Thursday 53 YEAR AGO Maximum 77 Minimum 47 No Taxes for State Use to Be Collected on Real Estate in 42 By GEORGE S MILLS DES MOINES Georg A Wilson Thursday wiped off th books the onemill Iowa stat property tax levy The governors action mean there will be no taxes collecte against real estate in 1942 fo the benefit of the state gene fund The state levy this year i expected to produce For a proberty owner living in a district where the total levy is 25 mills the elimination of the state Jevy means a tax re duction next year of 4 per cent assumingthe other levies re main unchanged Similarly in a 50miI district the reduction will run 2 per cent The estimated unobligated rev enue in the treasury as of Jun 30 1942 will be sufficient to jus tify this action the governor said He indicated that the unob ligated treasury balance will bi in round figures as o that date This balance he explained doe1 not include state funds set aside for such major postponed projects as the state office building and the library for the University of Iowa at Iowa City With the increased taxes tha are necessary to winthe war he continued I feel that the state should do all within its power to relieve the burden on the tax payer so that he can more easily make his contribution tpthe na Uonal government that we may have a speedy andcomplete vic tory The Tear 1943 will be the first since1934 in which no state levy was assessed In 1934 for mer Governor Herrins elimi nated the levy and used sales and income tax receipts to pluff the gap There was no home stead refund system then how ever Jfor was 58500000 allo cated out of threepoint taxes lor old aye pension purposes Homesteads and pension now require more than a year The Herrinjr administra Hon restored the levy in 1935 The levy was 2 mills when the republicans took over the state house in 1939 The governor cut it to one mill in 3940 stal Ievy 000 for the general fund from taxes assessed in 1930 and pay able m 1931 Except for 1934 its yield has varied from to a little above annually ever since Buy war savings bonds and stamps from your GlobeGazette earner boy BARRYMORE ILL WITH PNEUMONIA Actor Is Taken to Hospital Condition Is Reported Serious HOLLYWOOD John Barrymore is very sick with pneumonia his physician dis closed Thursday The movie stage and radio star in poor health for several years was removed to Hollywood Presbyterian hospital Tuesday night Dr Hugo Kersten his physi an commented He is suffering from an ab dominal condition resulting from liver and kidney ailments now complicated by hypostatic pneu monia Hoover Vest Great Powers in Roosevelt NEW YORK win total war says Herbert Hoover dicta torial economic powers must be vested in President Roosevelt There must be no hesitation in giving them to him and uphold ing him in them the former president declared Wednesday night Moreover we must start our thinking with a d i s agreeable cold hard fact That is the economic measures nec essary to win total war are just plain fas cist economics Hoover a d dressed the na tional industri a I board a re HOOVER search organization on the topic the limitations of freedom in war and while stressing the need of fascist measures in mobiliz ing the nations economy declared an equal need to guard against their being ffozen into American life after the war Pleading for the retention of civil liberties by which the country could so stand guard he asserted that from a philo sophical viewpoint he would like to see the sixth columnists given a little more liberty They are defined as the ones who discuss the war cr speculate or even criticize in private con versation said Hoover To a per son who is reminiscent of Ameri can life it would seem that par ticular restraint is too drastic The American people have always aaebating society They get rAnd all this cannot be stamped out of them by a hobnailed boot It is not sedition It comes from concern fo win the war and they ought to be allowed to grouse and gossip a little without being sixth columnists PREDICTS RAIDS ON AMERICAN WAR PLANTS From the same platform came a forecast of hitandrun raids by the axis on American war plants and a prediction that the end of 1943 would see 22500000 addition al soldiers and war workers in action says Undersecretary of War Robert P Patterson in dis cussing possible enemy attacks PAY DEDUCTION TO SOFTEN TAX BLOW STUDIED Committee Proposes Steeply Higher Rates in Lower Incomes By DONALD A YOUNG WASHINGTON house ways and means committee sought Thursday to work out a system of installment payments ol income taxes to soften the blow of steep lyincreased rates in the lowin come brackets Hardly had the committee completed its new individual tax program by raisins the rane of surtaxes from 677 per cent to 1281 per cent than it turned to Secretary Morgcn inaus proposal to collect up to 10 per cent of taxable income from salaries and wages That plan would authorize the treasury department perhaps in September to make regular de ductions from paychecks which add an estimated 000000 to the now collected with heavy emphasis on incomes below 55000 The program would be based on 5oOO exemptions for single per sons and for husbands and wives a normal tax of 6 per cent instead of 4 and minimum surtax rates starting at double the pres VOi 6 pcr cent on the of net income Thus the committee would bring into the income tax fold that the first attack which is made the air or bring out in us the same qualities that wera shown so splendidly by the Eng lish at the first bombing raids MCNUTT HINTS AT SOME SORT OF LABOR DRAFT The prediction of the increase of 22500000 in soldiers and war workers made by War Man power Commissioner Paul V Me Nutt who hinted there would be some sort of a labor draft Compulsion mny be neces sary from time to time were his words in describing how 10500000 workers this year and another 7500000 next year would be shifted into war pro duction We shall still need 3000000 irom the unemployed and from other groups such as women who are not now on the labor market he said For every skilled tool de signer now available we need 51 and so on down a long list of key jobs In the armed forces McNutt de clared 2000000 men will be 2500000 earning is little as a week would increase the average 819009 a year congressmans tax from about to about 52000 and would increase the tax of a from about to 535000 Treasury tax experts have ex plained in this manner the so called salary withhold tax as a means of collecting income taxes on a payasyougo basis Take a man who earns a month and who has a wife and one child He would have depen dent exemptions of To that would be added 10 per cent of 51000 or an average for other de ductions or a total of This would mean exemptions of 66 a month His estimated net tax able income would then be a month A maximum ten per cent collection would be made on that a month Those monthly payments would be cred ited as part payment of taxes when individual returns are filed on March 15 May Not Hold Abbreviated State Fair Iowa ma abbreviate DES MO1NES fl not have even an state fair this year Two officials of the Iowa stat fair board snid Thursday tha President Roosevelts suggestion about gasoline rationing for thi midwest are causing us scrioua concern Lloyd Cunningham fair board secretary said Everything is up in the ail again It looks like it all depends on how the war goes If things go well this summer we probably will have some sort of a fair It the war gets really tough we prob ably wont C Ed Beman of Oskaloosa board member conferred with Cunningham Thursday and said after the conference Well everything is in abey ance right now We just dont know vyhat to plan Cunninghom said the fair board executive committee still is debat ing whether the previously an nounced abreviated fair shall run the full eight day schedule of the regular fair or whether this years show shall be cut to five days Plans for holding the regular state fair were sharply curtailed a few weeks ago after the fair ward signed a lease with the United States army transferriii about onehalf of the fairgrounds to the army for use as an army air corps storage center during the FIVElRAlNfi PLANES MISSING Fail to Return From Routine Flights in Vicinity of Montgomery MONTGOMERY Ala 13s were reported massing Thursday from training flights Wednesday night The southeast air forces traili ng center urged anyone finding the missing craft to report immed ately to the commanding officers at either Maxwell or Guntei fields here The planes disappeared on s nangular flight from Montgom iry to Crestview Fla to Mobile AJa The field declined to reveal the names of basic school students others assigned planes or to the various Ban Calliope to Avoid Frightening Horses SPOKANE Wash ers asking the city commissions permission to use a steam calliope in a parade got a flat refusal O ttAUOtll It would frighten the horses Commissioner Hugh 12 TRANSPORTS TAKE INVADERS UP CHINA RIVER Nipponese May Try to Knock Out Chinese or Get Threatening Bases CHUNGKING W troops have been landed near Foochow chief port and capital of the east coast province oC iukien and have been engaged in heavy fighting with Chinese de fense torces the Chinese high command announced Thursday The invading force was carried aboard a dozen transports which made their way up the Min river to a point near the city The descent on Foochow a city of 400000 and largest port between Shanghai and Hong kong was a southward exten sion in the series of Japanese at tacks which is assuming the character of a major offensive perhaps intended to knock China out of the war Foochow was blockaded and bombed by the Japanese in June 1839 In April 1941 they invaded the city and moved inland along he river but met stubborn Chi nese resistance and finally with drew last September Til10 new invasion was coupled with a land drive southward in hekiang province south of Shang iai m a determined effort to con quer that zone in which supposed air bases are a threat to Tokio In the far west in Yunnan province the Chinese reported they had recaptured Kanlanchai key point on the Lungkiangkiao Tengyueh highway and seized large quantities of Japanese war supplies There was no la the positions alone the Burma road west of jUuTSalweeiilrtver nan front was becoming stabil ized The Chekiang drive in the east vas along a 150 mile front with pur Japanese spearheads of at clClv Japs Mass 80000 Troops for Move CHUNGKING JP Chinese ounterattacks supported by ar illery have thrown back an nemy drive south of Hangchow ind Ningpo in eastern China vhere the Japanese have massed t least 80000 troops for an at empted knockout of allied air nd supply bases it was reported nhursday night A Chungking military spokes man said the Japanese massing at least 80000 troops In Cheklangand 30000 more at the Kiangst province capital of Nanchang had thrown five di supported by z JOHN BARRYMORE Sick 3oy 3 Falls Out f Car Going at 50 Miles an Hour DENVER mThreeyearold Jonald Lmson is ough The family car was going 50 nles an hour when Donald won ermg what would happen turned door handle Thrdolr swung open with the oy still clinging to the handle He etamed his grip a few moments hen plummeted to the umed several somersaults ound up in a ditch paving and His only injury was a skinned ose CLAIM YANKS AT GIBRALTAR NEW YORK UBA Madrid dispatch of the German official news agency broadcast by the German radio and recorded by the United Press at New York al leged Thursday that 3000 United States troops arrived at Gibraltar Wednesday The German agency quoted a report from Algeciras across the bay from British Gibraltar It said that three British de stroyers escorted the ships which transported the troops and added it was not known whether the troops were destined for Gibraltar I or would continue their journey anila MMONWEALTHv troops landed Thursdav ;