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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 21, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HIST OCff OP IOWA COUP DES HOlNES AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Farming in Uruguay Is Described EDITORS NOTK mil Is jnuthrr of a srries ol articles written by W Earl Hall MaMn City managing in the course of a tour through South America one of A party of Ji guests ot the Carnegie Endowment for International Feace Number C2 By W EAKL HALL MONTEVIDEO URUGUAY there is in South America a region roughly comparable with Iowa I should say it is Uruguay Its points of likeness are these 1 Its economy bases largely on its soil 2 Its total arable land is approximately the same 3 Its principal crops are al most the same as Iowas 4 Its terrain is largely an un dulating prairie land 5 Its annual to 50 Iowas A principal point of difference is that 90 per cent of Uruguays agriculture is devoted to cattle and sheep with exports of beef mut ton and wool its chief sources of fl income Grain fanning and poric producing are decidedly secon dary in contrast to the Iowa pic ture It was my good fortune today however to motor through some two hundred miles of the south ern Uruguayan territory diversified farming with an emphasis on cereal crops and dairying has reached its high est development Our course led from Montevideo westward along the Plate estuary to Colonia near which is situated a national experimental farm of 3000 acres devoted to the devel opment sturdy cereal seed In a StuQebaker open car of an cient vintage Dean Walster of North Dakota and Eugene Butler Texasfarm magazine editor and f along over a concrete high way whieheontaWeff stretch of nearly i 00 iriiles As we reached the open coun try we were attracted by the groveshaded homesteads dotting the landscape as far as we could see In Uruguay there is a law re quiring landowners to plant at least a tenth of their property to trees Trees it seems grow native only along streams another point of similarity to Iowa that could have been mentioned Tlie average farm home consists of three or four house a barn a granary and per a machine shed Occasion ally not often wed see a silo l Roofs are mostly of the thatched variety constructed from native grass Now and then we would see one made of sheet iron but apparently are unknown t hereabouts Walls of all buildings Ifare of brick the kind we know more commonly adobe manu right on the premises if from material at hand Fields are generally fenced I usually with seven smooth wires lrun through the posts rather than Stapled Wells are open with ILhain lifts instead of pumps Open could be seen in opera tttion at about every other farm j lomc Not once did we see i working in the field n which has impressed 3 tie in two or three European j ountrics The harvest season is over and it was impossible to tell the pro portion of wheat barley and i other small grains from the however is standing or in shocks and If would say that it doesnt ap Tproach too closely to thc Iowa j Tractors are few and far be Iveen Horses are the ordinary lotivc power on the faun with lore oxen thai tractors 1 should jy The commonest means of on the highway i highwheeled cart drawn by liber ox team or horses T Nearly every farm has its fruit Ithard principally pear and ap of Iiwers are raised for their oil lie presence of numerous wind leaks suggests that this is more 1 a problem in the open Country fvrn here than it has seemed to I since our arrival Weeds par Iularly giant thistles abound in Ic fields and along thc roadsides I After a late afternoon tea with Alberto Boerger South Amer Irs foremost authority on seeds Id cereal culture we were shown Irough the laboratories and fields La Estanquela from which has some of the worlds best Iiown varieties of wheat barley ltatocs flax and rye JHere is a most remarkable scien It of German extraction but no tend of Hitler doing a distin tiishcd piece of work for his lit country despite numerous of to go to more remunerative ISitions His heavt truly is root i in Uruguay MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MAY 21 1941 MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP tvfo SECTION ONE 7 ivtctt euKSlisls OF TWO SECTIONS ONE JyjQ MORE GERMANS LAND IN CRETE PARACHUTISTS AW Mediterranean GERMANS CLMM SALUM CAPTURE BRITISH PUSH TOWARD BAGHDAD r bulwark Cyprus are important to Britains rule France Sternly Warned bvHull Crete May Provide Hints to Jrivasinn Tff right declaration Frances fu ture intentions in collaborating with Germany Vichy has been given to under stand it was said that it cannot hope to restore FrancoAmerican Nazis Ask Foreign Diplomats to Quit Paris for Vichy VICHY Slates and other members of the for eign diplomatic corps received word Wednesday from their re spective embassies and legations in Berlin that they would have to withdraw their representa tives from Paris by June 10 The German government tvas said feel that for military reasons it could not permit American diplomatic attaches to remain in the former capital afier June 10 and had commun icated the request to the United States embassy at Berlin German authorities were said to have pointed out that the French government to which these diplomats were accred ited was headquartered in Vichy not in Paris They said that the American diplomatic corps should huvc followed the French sovcrnment in its moves from Paris to tours to Bordeaux to Vichy relations o harmony unless it is first prepared lo supply full as surances in writing that France WARSHIPS KEPT Woman Sought for Kidnaping AT MARTINIQUE ON MANEUVERS U S Makes Equivalent of Diplomatic Call on Vichy Government WASHINGTON Unit ed States it was learned authori tatively Wednesday has made the equivalent of call on DAVID ROBERTS Dr Gabriel Terra above is tlie former president of Uru guay and his soninlaw Al fredo Baldomir is the incum bent tinder Terra a new consti tution was adopted which pro vided that the presidential cabi net include substantial repre sentation by the minorityAl though Terra thought the idea a sound one Pnhlomir has something of a headache with many of his advisers violently out of sympathy with his pro cram according to a previous article by Mr Hall will hold rigidly to the terms of the June 1910 armistice in all subsequent dealings with the third reich Secretary Hulls s t e r n I y worded explanation of U S views to French Ambassador HenryUaye contained the dip lomatic cue informed sources asserted that a forma note putting France on record was Hie only solution The uncertainty over French in tentions meanwhile increased ov ernight with the news from Mar tinique that the French cruiser Emile Berlin and the aircraft car rier Beanf had been out to sea for what the commanding officer called routine exercises The officer was quoted as saying bat real preparations for ho ships departure were being made As far as is known here Ihis was the first time lie vessels have ventured out of port since ihey berthed at the French colony iii the Caribbean when France fell last year Informed sources were slow to accept the Martinique explanation that the purpose in part was to keep up the morale of the crews One theory advanced was that the exercises constituted a veiled warning to the United States that the warships were ready to resist any attempt lo make the island a hemisphere protectorate should the course of FrancoGerman collabora tion so warrant Another conjecture was that tlic ships were making ready for n dash through the British blockade for some French base in Europe or North Africa Such an attempt it was said would pose a difficult problem for the United States for this country is unsympathetic to the thought of the two ships even tually finding their way into axis hands With Grandparents Since He Was Baby NORTH and county officers Tuesday sough Airs Doris Browning of San Dieso Cal on a charge of kidnaping her 1 year old son David at Manly The Roberta boy has been miss ing since Tuesday morning a man tame to the school house with a note which said fhe boys mother wanted him The teacher dismissed the boy and he lias not been heard He had been ents Mr and Mrs C H Roberts Mrs Browning was given cus tody of her son when she divorced her husband a United Stales marine serving in China Later however the court took the child from her on grounds that he wasnt receiving proper care County Attorney L E PKim of Northwood told the Globe Gazette Tuesday ihat he believed Mrs Browning ancl a male com panion had engineered the kid naping He said a car bearing a California license and with a man and woman in it had been seen about Manly during the day He also said that the kidnapers should drive across a slate line the federal bureau of investiga tion would enter the cftse since this would be a violation of the federal Lindbergh law Plummer said Mrs Browning had married again after she and the boys father were divorced Officers were asked to watch for a black car containing a man the woman and the hoy Mr and Mrs Roberts have le gally adopted the bov who has lived with them sinte he was n baby Photographs of the hoys mother were saidio resemble fhe woman who took the lad nway in 1 ear bearing California licence plates SYRIA GERMAN PLANES ARRIVE English Free French Airplanes Attack Syrian Air Fields BY THE ASSOCIATED PKESS In the middle east war theater British and American citizens were reported streaming out of French ruledSjiria JftTedligsday Reports more nazi planeshad arrived at the Syrian airports of Damascus and Palmyra ancl that British and Free French warplancs again at tacked both fields In neighboring Iraq a Bagdad communique declared that heavy losses were inflicted on the Brt isli by Iraq troops in attacks on live British air base at Hnbbaniyah 60 miles west of Bagdad The battle is continuing the com munique said By contrast the British reported Tuesday that they had marched eastward from Habbaniyah crossed the Euphrates river and captured the village of Fallujah 40 milesfrom Bagdad Ill the air war of the bad weather forced a continuance of the lull in night attacks by both sides Only sporadic bombings were reported COMMISSIONKK QUITS DES MOINES l1 United States Commissioner John R Hamilton said Wednesday he is resigning his federal post and will open a drug store in Farnham ville Iowa next month Mouse Nibbles at Reporters Shoe at Court Session NEW YORK cuinching noise distracted Assistant District Attorney Martin ScmVHebcr in Queens county court Under llic counsel lc saw moils nibbling at the voleof i shoe worn by William Alexander re porter for Hie Long Islsmrt Daily Press Alexander hadnt noticed Charles S Colilen granted Schwacbcrs request for n recess during which two attendants 1 caught and drowned the mouse Invasion Effort in England By DeWlTT MACKENZIE Koreisn News Analyst ihe landing of 3000 more German parachute troops on the mountainous Isle oC Crete Tuesday nighl accompanied sttKfcS BVBI the thS suategiL allied base as no mere experimental affair but as n coiitimi nig operation which is growinm weight iontmu finish8mlini1C Slart icy dont intend to I mun uivison lotaung finish ind their strategy ns thus Jar disclosed indicates an original men were involved FIERCE BATTLE RAGES TROOPS DROP FROM AIR London Sources Think 4500 Germans Sent by Glider Chutes LONDON battle for the invaded Greek island of Crete is growing more fierce as German airborne shock troops keep pour ing in reliable sources declared Wednesday The British radio heard in Neu York said it jioiv appeared that one or two seaborne Ger man troop transports also had penetrated the British defenses of Crete and indicated that the Ger mans had sained at least a tem porary foothold on the 160 mile long island including air fields Deny Anzac Uniform Used by Chutists BERLIN Ger mans declared Wednesday their parachute troops had attacked the island of Crete after intensive vfeeAqmhrngjpreparations expressed satisfactionwith the progress of their over water on slaught They denied charges by Prime Minister Churchill Tuesday that their parachutists landed in New Zealand uniforms and paid there would be no point in Ihis since preliminary bombing did away with the element of surprise lo the attack Belief was expressed by these sources that King George II of Greece whose government has been shifted to Crete already had left the island If he hasnt gone a spokes man said you can be sure hes ready to jump The Germans pending nn offi cial announcement said only that the operations on Crete were de veloping according to plan Satisfaction with the course of the attack was evident although a spokesman commented we arc not in the habit of shouting hurray until there is something to shout about n Authorized German declared any brutal or illesnl treatment of their parachute Iraops would bring stern reprisals The British radio following up Prime Minister Churchills charge that invaders wove New Zealand battle dress broadcast a warning lo German armed forces that whoever in violation of interna tional law fights in an enemy uniform must expect to be shot at once wlioti taken MACKENZIK contingent of of pursuim the assaults progressively and with increasing intensity until a foothold is pro cured This is n variation of the well known tactics long favored by the Germans when it is necessary to make frontal attacks with infan try The idea is to jam a way through to the objective bv sheer weight of num bers t li r o u n against the e n e m y i n d mass f o r m a ii o n without regard to loss of life among I li c assaulting forces The Angloi Greek defen e claim to iillvc killed w cap tured the initial ghcler and parachute troops at the opening of the battle of Crete Tuesday and to have control of the situation developing from the second landing Details of thc exact numbers of the opposing forces havent been made public The moral of Ibis story of land ing infantry from the air seems to me lo lie in the demonstration tiat such an operation is feasible even in the face of a strong and prepared defense Troops have been landed before in this war in Poland and Norway for exam this is the first instance in which they have dropped into an enemy camp which was ex pecting just such an attack and was set for action This is the first time too that gliders have been used to transport soldiers in actual warfare When we consider llicse facts there miit pis through voiir mind as ihere docs through liiinr j the thought thai if Hitler tries his On the basis of latest reports from the island London sources said more than 4500 German troops are believed already to have Lcen landed by parachute gliiicr and transport Diane O n e authoritative informant aid at Icnsl one airborne Ger man division totaling about 7000 were involved in the op eration but added that by in volved he did not mean the whole division already had landed The figure apparently is based on the J500 mentioned by Prime Minister Churchill Tuesday and the additional 3000 said to have been put on Ihe island overnight either by parachute or transport glider It was considered improbable that a whole division could be moved in one day An attempt also has been made to la n d riaziria valIorccS Mediterranean island these sources said H was expected that further efforts to land parachute troops in Crete would be made Wednes day but the situation was de cnbcci as well in hand Whether the Germans succeeded in landing any Trucker Gets Unexpected Dunking Report Nazi War Supplies Cross Turkey for Iraq VICHY sources said Wednesday they had been in formed that German military equipment is rolling across Tur key into Iraq by railroad Istanbul said passenger traffic i to Iraq had been stopped Reports that Turkey had dei mandcd territorial concessions in I Syria from France were however denied flatly by thc Turkish em1 oassy here P Tu located on highway a mile west of st AnsKar C0tn gavc way two thc The hridee was bum in thc 1890 n replace one ny tornado Photo by invasion of England he is bound i meel to et troops into the and probably n considerable num aerial means That he could land enough to make the invasion a success seems highly doubtful in view of the British preparedness hut he certainly could cause a lot of trouble One satisfaction the British may get out of the present situation is that any equipment which Hitler loscs over Crete will be just so much gravy for the army which is guarding Mother England from invasion From the German view point even if ihey fail jn taking Crete they will have had invalu able experience for future opera tions Alan learns of war by wag ing war hail sea borne trunps on he island was nut disclosed These attempts were reported concentrated at the western end of the island and in ihe Cumiui area Greek government seat Aside from Cretes importance in the fight for the Suez and con trol of the Mediterranean it held for tiiem the answers lo many questions about the chances of aer ial assault Most emphasized was the report that the Germans had attempted landings by sea This had a spe cial meaning because of the Brit ish fleets strength in the Mediter ranean and the public waited hopefully to hear that its guns had blasted any such attempts into aslei A V Alexander first lord of the admiralty was quoted by Ihe BbC as ciilling Uiu righting in Lrcle one of ihe greatest battles ri the war and jayinjt it denion tralcd that when an Englishman German in battle on even terms there is IHJ doubt which is llic right man on whom lo put your js Ihe Englishman The report was heard in New York by evidence of doubt Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Partly cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday scattered light showers northwest and ex treme west Thursday cooler ex treme east Wednesday night and extreme northwest Thursday MINNESOTA partly cloudy Wed nesday night and Thursday scattered showers and somewhat cooler west and central Thurs day IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Tuesday 77 Minimum Tuesday night 17 At 8 a m Wednesday B5 YEAR AGO Maximum 75 Minimum 5 Precipitation 33 General B C Frcyhurit above a Xcw Zca lander heads ehc British New Zealand anil Greek forces who arc fight ing nazi airborne troops on the strategically important island of Crete in the Mediterranean sea JL ;