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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, May 20, 1942

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 20, 1942, Mason City, Iowa HISTORY MO IKE I A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES THE NEW5PAPK THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS LOOK WEST ADOLF Troops Massing in Ireland Greeted by Hartle i MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MAY 20 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF T1VO SECTIONS SECTION ONE HOME EDITION IUJ11I Maj Gen Russell P Hartle right takes a look at some ot the American troops arriving in a large convoy at a north Ireland port Shipload after shipload of American troops equipped for offensive of them with tanks and have arrived in north Ireland to reinforce the already big United States force there This picture was radioed from London to New York PROPOSED PLAN WILL BE MAPPED Curtailing of Driving to Conserve Rubber to Be Sought by WBP By FRANK M LE niAV WASHINGTON pos sibility of further gasoline ra tioning spread over the map Wed nesday as the government consid ered curtailment of automobile driving throughout the country to conserve rubber The war production board di rected the office of defense transportation to draw up a na tionwide plan in consultation with Petroleum Coordinator Harold Lr Ickes and Price Ad ministrator Leon Henderson July 1 was mentioned as the logical date to start the program if it finally was adopted That is the date consumer rationing by coupon books will become ef fective in the east and Pacific northwest supplanting the present temporary card rationing system which began last Friday Overall gasoline consumption in 17 eastern states and the District of Columbia now iscurtailed by 50 per cent Oregon and Washing ton now with a onethird cut will go on a onehalf basis June 1 Rationing in these areas was brought about by the sinking and war diversion of tanker ships which normally supply the coastal regions The WPB was understood to have decided to prepare for na tionwide rationing after hearing a report that American motorists were wearing away tires and tubes at the rate of 45625 tons a year pounds of rub ber a day President Roosevelt disclosed at his press conference Tues day that extension of rationing was beinf considered He re marked that lie would not con sider it necessary to impose curtailments on localities where oil was produced although he indicated some rationing might be needed in these areas o conserve rubber The WPB having in mind the saving of rubber indicated it was moving toward universal appli cation of the gasoline consump tion curtailments Under any expansion of the ra tioning program it was considered certain that motor fuel would continue to be provided for es sential uses of vehicles The biggest rationing problem in the cast has been the determination of the amounts of gasoline tr which he individual motorists are entitled Plymouth Youth Was in Yanf Air Force Attacking Japan Coiporal Faktor 21 Volunteered to join Dooiittle in Assault North lowan Corporal Leland D Faktor 21 of Plymouth was granted the cov eted honor of participating in the first American air raid on Tokio April 18 He was one of 79 men who without knowing Japan was to be the objective volunteered to join the raiding party led by Brig Gen James H Dooiittle Faktor named by the war de partment Wednesday asa partici pant in the raid was awarded the distinguished service cross for his part in the foray Dooiittle had high praise for the skill and pre cision with which all the men in the Rarty carried out their mis sion The men were specially trained for weeks before leaving this country Corpora Fiktor son of Mr and Mrs Louis Faktor route 1 en listed in the army Aug a 1941 He was graduated from Plymouth high school with the class of 1939 and is unmarried No other members of the Fak tors family are in the armed serv ices now A younger brother is at tending school in Plymouthand an older brother married helps the elder Faktor operate their farm in Cerro Gordo county Where Corporal Faktor was sta tioned immediately before the raid was carried out is not known But as President Roosevelt has indi cated ShangriLa would be the best guess CORP I D FAKTOR Allied Goal Is 1000 Planes a Night Over Nazis LONDON aircom mands are aiming at expansion enabling them to send 1000bomb ers a night against German tar gets an authoritative source in dicated Wednesday A thousand planes is not a fantastic figure this source de clared At present we have the facili ties for sending 800 planes on raids and these can be expanded The capacity of Britain as an air base has not yet been fully developed he added The objective is expansion so great that on any night with good weather conditions we will be able to send 1000 aircraft to bomb Germany he said pointing out that this would not mean everv night lowan Killed When Highway Maintainer Falls Through Bridge MOUNT AYR Sefrit 3G Rmggold county road main taincr operator was killed Wednesday when the maintainer crashed through a bridge a mile and a quarter southeast of Benton He was found by Harold Page of Benton who heard the crash His widow and a daughter survive President of Peru Confers With Roosevelt WASHINGTON Manuel Prado of Peru arrived in Washington at a m Wednes day by army bomber from New York He was met by Undersecre tary of State Sumner Welles The president left immediately for the white house where he will con fer with President Kooscvelt be fore leaving for Miami by airliner Candidates Talk Mostly to Selves DBS MOINES for offices talked mostly to them selves in a political meeting here Tuesday night Nineteen speakers addressed an nine persons Two of the nine were girls too young to vote Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Continued rather cool Wednesday afternoon Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon IOWA Continued rather cool Wednesday afternoon through Thursday forenoon except ris ing temperature in west and central portion Thursday fore noon Some light rain in ex treme southeast portion early Wednesday afternoqn MINNESOTA Rising temperature Wednesday afternoon and Thursday forenoon Not so cool Wednesday night as Tuesday night in northwest and extreme west portions but scattered light frost northeast portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 65 Minimum Tuesday night 36 At 8 a m Wednesday 43 For a time Wednesday morning there was a dead calm with smoke rising straight up from chimneys YEAR AGO Maximum 55 Minimum no Precipitation ig NO 189 RAF BIG BOMBERS BLAST MANNHEIM Massed U S Powers Are Cited by Hull WASHINGTON of State Hull indicated Wednesday he saw some grounds for hope Uiat victory for the united nations might come sooner than had beec expected earlier this year He was asked at his press con ference whether developments in recent weeks on the home and foreign fronts encouraged him to believe in an earlier victory In reply he pointed out that the pow ers and facilities of the United States have been developing on a more and more massive scale not only for offensivedefensive oper ations but for outright offensive war It was only natural sug gested that calculations as to the duration of the war should be made in the light of those facts In reply to other questions Hull said the work of immobilizing French warships at Martinque still was going on but that the task of removing fuel oil from the vessels had been completed This he said made it impossible for the vessels tp put to sea but left enough oil to operate their electric lighting system and other minor installations Curtin Says War Tempo in East Rising By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The far Pacificwar theater took on ominous new significance Wednesday as Australias prime minister John Curtin warned that the tempo of the struggle is increasing and our lighting men hourly face the supreme test Cmtins statement possibly hinting at the imminence a new Japanese invasion threat followed upon Chinas warning Tuesday that Japan was preparing a major offensive to crush Generalissimo Chiang KaiSheks main Chinese armies and knock China out of the war You have been tola that the next few weeks are fraught with grave possibilities Cur tin said C repeal that warn ing in the sternest terms Gen Douglas MacArthurs headquarters said American and Australian flyers continued their scouting sweeps over the northern islands where the Japanese were reported massing new armadas for a possible thrust toward Au stralia On the Burma front British headquarters announced nn change as British rearguards awaited contact with Japanese troops driving up the Chindwin river valley toward India Heavy rains drenched the Yunnan front in the desolate mountains of southern China just above Burma where the American Xieiil Joseph W StilweUs Chinese armies are attempting to check the Japan ese advance up the Burma road V Meanwhile Japan and her axis partner Germany still nibbled at the mystery of the American bombing attack on Tokio and other great Japanese cities on April IB In Washington Brig Gen James H Jimmy Doolittlc leader ot the sensational raij declared the nine American bombers the Japa nese claimed to have shot down were as mythical as the Shangri la from which President Roose velt said they might have come Nazi Radio Bites Dooiittle said emphatically that all the U S bombers reached their destinations safely and declined to shed light on the secret of the bases from which the bombers took off The German radio stolidly ac cepting President Roosevelts hu morous suggestion said Dooiittle carried out the attack from the airbase Shangrila which was not otherwise described by Roosevelt Mr Roosevelts reference was a fictional Asiatic sanctuary por trayed in James Hiltons novel Lost Horizon MUST READJUST PLANTS OTTUMWA oper ators must readjust their plants to do work they have never done before George E Hale director of the WPB caravan told manufac turers from southern Iowa and I northern Missouri here Tuesday Himmler to Head Police in Holland LONDON e i n r i c 1 Himmler head of Germanys ges tapo has been made supreme chief ot police in the nazi occu pied Nether la n d s the S t o c k h o 111 newspaper Tid n i ge n said Wednesday in a dispatch re layed to the A n e t a nexvs agency This followed a Stockholm re P o r t Tuesday to Tass soviet HLMMLEK news agency that the Germans planned to in corporate the nation into the Ger man reich as an autonomous prov ince to be known as Niedermark under the rule of Anton Mussert Dutch nazi leader A spokesman for the Nether lands governmentinexile warned Dutchmen in a broadcast from London that such a development appeared likely in view of the ar riva of Himmler in the Nether lands The execution of 96 persons ac cused of plotting to aid an allied invasion rearrest of all former Dutch army officers and cadets and seizure of 460 prominent citi zens as hostages were among Ger man retaliatory measures in the past week CLAIMKHARKOV INNER DEFENSE IS PENETRATED Report Nazis Massing Huge Force to Try to Invade Caucasus BULLETIN LONDON ypj Marshal Simeon Timoshenkos power drive toward Kharkov was re ported by Russian sources Wed nesday have penetrated into the heart of the citys defense while in the battle torn Kerch isthmus of the Crimea the nazis were believed massing 100000 parachutists for a mijrhty air born invasion of the Caucasus Indications that Hitler was preparing to hurl powerful air farces into such an attempt to hop the Kerch strait which halted his troops last fall were seen strongly in the announce ment in the Berlin communique that the Air Commander Gen eral Baron von Richthofcn was on Kerch peninsula It was von Richthofen who directed the bombing of Bel grade and who later paved the way for Germanys aerial in vasion of Crete by the use of hundreds of level and dive bombers smash ground re sistance on the island By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor Russias Ukraine armies led by monster 52 ton tanks advanced over fields littered with many hundreds of German dead in the ninedayold battle of Kharkov Wednesday while the nazis sought desperately to ease the pressure with a diversional attack 80 miles to the south Apparently the Russians refused to be decoyed A bulletin from reel army headquarters announced tersely Our troops waged offensive beat off enemy counter attacks and advanced At midday the Russians re ported they were smashing ever closer to Kharkov despite stiffened German resistance and declared the fighting was spreading like wildfire along the entire southern flank of the 125mile front Dispatches to Red Star the soviet army newspaper said that in one sector German and Rus sian tanks and infantry were locked in a terrific battle at such close quarters that nazi warplanes dared not risk supporting their own land troops for fear ol hitting them In this clash alone 46 Ger man tanks were reported Ictt in ruins and 51 others destroyed else where The red army is breaking the fierce resistance of the Hitlerite beasts and pushing them back to the west Pravda reported Meanwhile our troops arc engaged with superior enemy forces in the Kerch peninsula in the vicinity of Kerch Even greater battles are ahead Pravda likened the Russian stand at Kerch to the long Amer ican defense on Bataan peninsula in the Sixtytwo nazi tanks were re ported destroyed in Tuesdays daylight fighting and 27 more were left in firecharred ruins as the battle raged into the night The soviet communique also listed 1650 German officers and men killed and wounded in the latest hours of the struggle British military quarters said a successful German counterof fensive toward Izyum and Bar venkova 80 miles below Khar kov would be a serious threat to a very tender spot in the red armys drive on Kharkov but the Russians indicated that so far they had lost no momentum The Important factor however was the undisclosed size of the German counter thrust Unless it were a foilscale offensive the nazis could expect littte more than to distract the Rus sians advancing on Kharkov or to outflank a secondary Rus sian movement toward vaya This second Russian thrust in itself is a drive to outflank the German defenders of Kharkov Cripps Raids Are Prelude to Invasion LONDON Churchill government informed the house of commons Wednesday at the con rlusion of a twoclay war debate that Great Britain is amassing strength and intends to make a arefully planned attack on the ontinent of Europe The assurance was given by Sir Stafford Cripps lord privy seal and government spokesman in commons after former war minis ter Leslie HoreBelisha had warned that Japan would attack Russia in the east if the allies in vade western Europe Cripps said that the RAFs heavy offensive against the vi tais of Germanys war produc tion is a prelude to an ultimate invasion and the best way that Britain can aid Russia at this time This bombing is in our view of material assistance to Russian re sistance and the best way in which we can give assistance until such time ns we are able lo make a carefully planned attack on the continent of Europe which we in tend to do he said Cripps defended Churchill against attacks on his conduct of the war both as defense minister and prime minister and said that the government is willing to stand or fall on a vote of confidence on its war policies HoreBelisha had urged the creation of a ministry defense composed of chief of staff to re place Churchill so that the fram ing of defense policies would be unhampered by politicians Cripps replied that there is no one with wider and longer ex perience in defense problems than the prime minister The government leader rejectee demands for a public inquiry into the British reverses in the Pacific including Malaya Burma and Singapore n Germany still holds the initia tive he said anil has superior forces and interior lines of com munication In these circumstances he added it is surprising that worse results have not ensued Of his unsuccessful mission to India to seek a defense agree ment under a British offer of postwar dominion status Cripps said that Britain has not closed the door to negotiations and is anxi ous to settle the problem Meanwhile he said the Brit ish are doing their best to solidify the defense of India against a threatened Japanese invasion Cripps wound up the debate for the government after HoreBeli sha had attacked the Churchill war policies Julia Robinson 82 Former Iowa Library Secretary Is Dead DES MOINES Julia Robinson 82 former secretary of the Iowa State Library commis sion died Tuesday at Ontario Cal where she had been living since her retirement four years ago A native of Dubuque where she later began her long career in library work she was a grad uate of the University of Wiscon sin Library school and was the author of numerous articles and treatises on library subjects Kansas Youth Hit 3 Times by Same Builet HUTCHINSON Kans Raymond Rutman 17 was wounded three times by one bul let The gun he was examining discharged accidentally The shot creased the back of Rutmans left hand plowed a small furrow through his right breast and lodged in his right arm Millions oKinats Raid Los Angeles LOS ANGELES Ange les was raided from the air Tues several million gnats The insects swarmed the downtown district and made life miserable for shoppers and office workers Buy war savings bonds and stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy DROPS 40000 FIRE BOMBS ON S W NAZI CITY Great Loads of Heavy Explosives Hit German Industrial Centers LONDON detachment f fourmotored Stirling bombers larried 40000 fire bombs to Mann heim and attacked that southwest ern German city Tuesday night lir ministry sources said 111 the resumption of major air attacks on German indus trial centers after an 11 day lull because of weather the air min istry said other larcc forces of Ilalifaxcs Man chestcrs and Wellingtons at tacked Mannheim with great loads of fire missiles and the heaviest high explosive bombs The first reports of the crews gave an encouraging description of many fires left burning and of heavy high explosives bursting among industrial buildings the air ministry news service added The air ministry said H planes were missing from the nights operation including two lighters While bombers were hammer ing the nazi submarine base at St Nazaire inoccupied France in their first night blown after a weatherenforced lull of 11 days the communique disclosed British fishier planes raked enemy airdromes in France and Holland downing one of he enemy planes which rose to chal lenge them Mannheim is the second largest inland port in Europe and the site of a number of important factories Among them si re ihe Badische Anilin chemical works the Lanz armament works and the Daimler Benz engineering works Authorized sources said hun dreds of bombers were used against Mannheim and St Nazaire It was the 54th raid on Mann heim the 53rd raid was carried out Feb 14 A Vichy dispatch said wave upon wave of planes skirted north of that capital of unoc cupied France Tuesday night flyinff southeast in the direction of northern and a single aircraft which circled over the city later drew a burst of five shells from antiaircraft batter ies The lone plane droned on despite the fire and then turned back to the northwest it was reported On the home front a town in northeast England underwent a short attack by German raiders during the night in which there were a number of casualties and damage The raiders scattered incendiary bombs over a working class dis trict starting fires which left hundreds homeless High explosives also were dropped First casualty reports showed that at least 12 persons were killed and a number of others were in jured seriously GERMANS REPORT OV ATR RAID OX HULL Gelmar Broadcasts German air formations overnight raided Hull English town on the Humbci eshiary the German high com mand said Wednesday while eight bombers made a daylight attack on factories on the British south coast fn fighting over the English channel seven British Spitfires were shot down Monday it said and the British lost 11 bombers in harassing night attacks on southwest Germany Atlantic Clipper Line Begins 4th Year With No Lives Lost So Far NEW YORK Ameri can Clipper service across the Atlantic the only regular passen ger service to Europe entered its fourth year Wednesday Behind it is a record of carrying 18647 passengers in 673 separate ocean crossings and flying 3161959 miles without the loss of a single life ;