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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 19, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME fttMftTUCNT SF AN9 KG I IKE 3 I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AVL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Un Pnm ud United Prat Full Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MAY 19 1947 Thii Conilsti ol Two Ont One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KOLO Muo City f WIAD Oilier UK WOI ABU Tindir UtM WSUL city Strike Has Become Public Enemy No 1 EVERY AMERICAN capable of sober intelligent thought ought to sit down by himself or herself and give about a half hour ol thoughtful consideration to that blunderbuss weapon of the indus trial world known as the strike It isnt necessary to surround ones self with books No opinion of the experts is needed The question need only be What are strikes doing to and my country No matter whos doing the thinking the an that question can only be one thing Strikes are bad business for worker the em ployer and most important to the general public NOW WOULD be a most appro priate time for the thing Im suggesting for the reason that the telephone strike which affected everybody in America to some degree is so fresh in the memory of all What Is true with respect to this telephone strike in a conspicuous and wellnigh indisputable way is true of nearly every strike in our modern society And what is that truth Its that nobody is the winner everybody is the loser Whatever is gained by striking granting that there is such a thing as a gain could be had by use of the civilized rules of law which pre vail in other areas of democratic society Lets take a brief look at that telephone strike AFTER A MONTHS stoppage in which telephone service for the public was crippled in vary ing degrees depending on the local situation the controversy was resolved And thats the significant point about all strikes Theyre always fact that set tled AFTER the strike if Indeed it doesnt they could be settled BEFORE the strike Employes are now back on the job receiving an average of some where around a than when they left their posts This is materially less than work ers in several other fields have obtained by negotiation without striking ITS A NOTABLE fact that the demand set by union leaders in advance of the strike was a week across the board Refusal of management to meet that de mand precipitated the walkout After a month off the no paychecks coming in the strikers agreed to return to work for an increase which was ap proximately only a third of their leaders demand The question arises therefore whether by setting up such an un reasonable condition for averting the strike the union leaders them selves didnt preclude any possi bility or basis for reaching a set tlement without strike THIS ISNT a question pondered alone in my mind Its a ques tion thats being asked by those who in blind faith followed their leaders orders In the cold dawn of the morning after theyre reflecting on the fact that while engaging in a dis tasteful picketing duty they went payless for a full month Their leaders didnt its to be assumed but they did Even if it be assumed that none of the increase which came to them could have been had with out the walkout it will take to make up what was lost BUT NO telephone worker is gullible enough to believe that it was necessary to strike to gain a salary adjustment Numerous pay increases in recent years have been given to them on their em ployers own motion An assumption with ever so much more plausibility is that an increase of more than has been received by striking could have been had by realistic and skillful negotiation on the part of their chosen leaders Somewhere along the line work ers who take the rap when a strike is called are going to ask for an accounting from their policymakers who are obsessed with just one when theres a controversy with management So much for the telephone strike fJOVl LETS get back to the main theme of my visit with the stupidity of strikes in general Of course as Ive already sug gested if there could be an appli cation of intelligent selfinterest by every citizen of America to the problem it would be solved almost overnight There would be universal ac ceptance of the fact that a strike CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 In Special Message to Congress TRUMAN URGES HEALTH SETUP TRUMAN STAYS NEAR SIDE OF AILING MOTHER Daughter of President Cancels Concert for Air Trip to Missouri Grandview Mo of President Trumans family Monday cancelled other plans in order to join the chief executive in his anxious vigil at the bedside of his gravely ill mother Miss Margaret Truman due Tuesday night to make a concert tour debut cancelled her plans and was understood due to arrive here by TWA late Monday Mrs Bess Truman announced in Wash ington she would leave Tuesday for Grandview after cancelling or postponing social engagements through May 28 At Pittsburgh Miss Truman said that her ailing grandmother re layed to her by way of her fath er a request that she go ahead with her concert plans But there are some things you just cant do she added Mr Truman who was reported standing up very well under the strain of the long vigil was vis ibly encouraged again Monday as he returned to the little yellow cottage here He told newsmen that his 94 year old mother Mrs Martha E Truman was feeling better again Brig Gen Wallace Graham presidential physician who spent Sunday night at Mother Trumans side reported through Charles G Ross presidential press secretary at 9 a m CST that there had been no material change in her condition since Sunday night Sunday night he announced her breathing was fairly regular and that her heart was very weak and tired Mr Trurnan was up before dawn as usual He immediately called the home here for the latest re port then went for a 20minute stroll through rain drenched downtown Kansas City He was iccompanied by Rear Adrri James H Foskett naval aide and secret iervice men Mr Truman arrived at the home here at 9 a m CST and as is his custom entered by the rear door He did not stop to speak to any one High Bench Reverses Lower Court Verdict Against Newspapermen Washington The supreme court Monday ruled 3 Texas news papermen were improperly con victed of contempt of court for publication of several news stories and an editorial Justice Douglas wrote the courts majority decision Justice Jack son wrote a dissent and Justice frankfurter wrote another Chief Justice Vinson concurred in frankfurters dissent The decision was given on an appeal by Conway C Craig pub isher of the Corpus Christ Caller Times Bob McCracken manag ing editor and Tom Mulvany re porter Five colors only are used to form the international Color Al phabet flags used on the high seas red yellow blue black and white Judge Clears 3 Out of 31 in Lynching Case Greenville S Car defense in the mass lynch trial ol 31 white men rested its case Mon day in a surprise move after win ning acquittal for 3 of the men anc reduced charges against 7 others Judge Robert Martin who had spent the weekend studying a de fense motion for directed verdicts of not guilty against 10 of the men read his decision at the open ing of the court The men acquitted were Ear Martin Vardy McBee Norris anc Ernest Stokes But Martin refused to set free Woodrow W Clardy accused by his companions in the lynching as one of the ring leaders He did however hold that since Clardy and Samuel D Stewart had not signed confessions implicating themselves that they could be tried only as accessories before the fact and for conspiracy They can not be tried for murder he held Also freed from all but con spiracy and accessory charges were Willie Eugene Bishop W D Oakley and Howard Thompson The jurist refused a motion to acquit John B Merchant and James Arthur Fowler but he cleared them of murder charges The defense won a partial vic tory as Martin ruled that state ments from the defendants were admissable only as evidence against persons who signed them The prosecution which closed its case against the 26 taxicab drivers and 5 other men Saturday had based the bulk of its argument on confessions signed by 26 of the men Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair arid cooler Mon day night Tuesday mostly cloudy with local showees Low Monday night 5055 Iowa Considerable cloudiness except fair east and central ear ly Monday night Local showers Tuesday beginning in extreme west late Monday night Slight ly colder Monday night Low Monday night 5055 High Tues day in lower 70s Minnesota Mostly cloudy except fair east portion early Monday night local showers Tuesday beginning in west Monday night not quite so cool in north west and cooler ex treme east Monday night cooler west portoin by Tuesday eve ning IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette vyeather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 80 Minimum 56 At 8 a m Monday 58 Precipitation 10 YEAR AGO Maximum 69 Minimum 48 GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclockSunday morning Maximum 58 Minimum 45 At 8 a m Sunday 62 Precipitation i 25 YEAR AGO Maximum 50 Minimum 39 German Acute Food Shortage Has Not Starved Black Market By MENNO DUERKSEN UP Staff Correspondent Frankfurt acute food shortage hasnt yet starved he black market Ive just returned to Frankfurt with a black mar cet operator who acquired 620 pounds of food in one Bavarian vil age in less than 2 hours He bought this food with 12pieces of Germanmade soap one air of new but shoddy womens shoes one used dress one blouse one pair of 2ndhand mens work pants and 6 cigarets The purchase consisted of 500 pounds of potatoes 100 pounds of arley flour 5 pounds of bacon 3 pounds of ham 4 pounds of lard 2 dozen eggs and 5 pounds sausage This was in addition to what ve ate while we were ham sausage bread milk and apple cider The black marketer call him 5 imes as much as I did While food experts were erring in Germany and the Inited States how to avert a food catastrophe Johann was asked if reports were true that ood had disappeared from the black market What would you like to have he asked Then he agreed to let me accompany him on a trading into Bavaria the food king dom of the American occupation zone One of our first deals was for the potatoes Sleepyeyed peasant lads shoveled the potatoes into sacks from a pile that must have weighed at least 2 tons We asked the potato seller if he ever had any trouble with po lice Our community police nev er cause us trouble he said They know where their own food comes from On the way back to Frankfurt Johann figured his profit He had obtained the potatoes for about 60 reichsmarks a hundred pounds The latest quotation in hungry Frankfurt was 800 reichs marks a hundred about S275 AP Wlrepholo WRECKAGE OF NAVY PLANE of the navy Corsair fighter plane which crashed during an air show at Burlington Sunday aft ernoon and killed 2 schoolboys and the pilot lies strewn over the ground at an intersection at left The William J Waugh family shows how they were sitting at dinner until a minute before the engine from the crashing planeplowed through the house The family left the table just before the accident Seated clockwise around the table are Mr Waugh Mrs Waugh Jim 14 and Johnny 2 Probe Plane Crackup Which Killed Pilot 2 Schoolboys Believe Craft Tossed Out of Control by Slipstream at Air Show Burlngton Iowa Two ballplaying schoolboys and a navy pilot were killed Sunday when a fighter plane careened out of control at an air show and plowed across a school play ground Six other youths were injured as wreckage debris and flaming gasoline showered the neighbor hood over a 4block area All of the injured were improving Mon day More than 3500 persons saw he plane one of a Corsair fighter squadron from Lambert field St which was putting on the naval air show plummet behind a clump of trees north of the air iield Then smoke billowed up The plan skidded across the dia nond where 14 boys were playing jail crashed into a tree and ex ploded Comdr J D Taylor leader of the squadron said Monday his preliminary investigation indicat ed the plane had been caught in he slipstream of a ship ahead of t in the formation This flipped he plane over in a 11 turn from which the pilot was unable to pull out Taylor said The dead were Ronald Hagemeier 16 son of Mr and Mrs Elmer Hagemeier and Richard Charles Grant 14 son of Mr and Mrs Jess Grant The ioys had been playing baseball with 12 other youths on the play ground The pilot of the plane identi fied by Lt Comm Bart Slattcry public relations officer at Lambert field Si Louis as Lt j g John eeler son of Mrs Ethel Feeler of St Louis The injured who were hospital zed were identified as Harry Darrah 19 navy veteran head cuts and bruises Jackie Brunat 5yearold girl evere arm and leg burns from her as she stood across the street from the playground Norbert Dunn 18 cuts burns and bruises Herbert Salome 20 burned back and leg Allen Kelly 15 head injury burns and lacerations Lyle Lewis 14 head and arm bruises Flying debris from the plane which Cort Klein city editor of the Burlington HawkEye Gazette said might have been traveling be tween 350 and 400 miles an hour damaged several homes over an area of 4 blocks The propeller and part of the engine hurtled through the porch roof and south wall of a house occupied by the William Waugh family continued on through the north wall and landed in the gar den The pieces of wreckage land ed within a foot of where James Waugh 9 was standing The Waugh family had been sitting at the kitchen table but went out into the yard when they heard the plane at such a low altitude Klein said the plane plowed through the backstop fence of the Perkins school playground hurtled across the diamond crashed into a tree at a street in tersection exploded and burned The boys who were killed and in jured were struck by flying parts of the wreckage he said CatholicBacked Party Wins Most Seats in French Zone of Germany Baden Baden Catho licsponsored Christian democratic union won the majority of legis lative seats in 2 states of the French occupation zone of Ger many and a strong plurality in the 3rd returns from Sundays elec tion showed Monday All 3 seats adopted their new state constitutions The socialists ran 2nd in each slate the liberal democrats 3rd easoline which sprayed on I and communists 4th RULE GUARDS CAN JOIN UNIONS Supreme Court Says Deputies Are Employes Washington supreme court Monday ruled that plant guards deputized by local police are employes under the national labor relations act and may join unions which also represent pro duction employes The decision involved labor dis putes affecting plant guards of Jones and Laughlin Steel Corpor ations Otis Works in Cleveland and E C Atkins and Company Indianapolis maker of tools and armour plate Jones and Laughlin contended plant guards were employers or a part of management under the acts definition of that term as any person acting in the in terest of an employer directly or indirectly The high court handed down 2 separate decisions In the Jones and Laughlin case the courts 54 opinion was writ ten by Justice Murphy Chief Jus tice Vinson and Justices Frank furter Jackson and Burton dis sented Emmetsburg Mans 10 Goes Into Mouse Nest Emmetsburg fP Al Mc Grauth city water commissioner doesnt collect mouse nests as a hobby but he has one such nest he has decided to preserve McGraulh put a 10 bill in a small box in his garage workshop just to have some extra change around When he opened the box to retrieve the 10spot he found it chewed to bits and interlaced into a nest containing several baby mice Hold Pair for Fatal Beating of 2 Children Waterloo ff Police Chief Harry J Krieg announced the ar rest Monday morning of Harold Lehaney 41 and his wife Flo Avis Lehaney 41 who lie said were wanted in Toledo Ohio on first degree murder indictments in connection with the fatal beat ing of 2 children a few weeks ago Chief Krieg said Toledo police informed him they would leave for Waterloo immediately to re turn the Lehaneys The chief said a Toledo police circular said the Lehaneys were indicted for the death of Gerald Glcason 2 on March 3 and James Lester Gleason 4 on April 24 Krieg said Lehaney was ar rested at a hotel where he was working as a dishwasher and that Mrs Lehaney was taken into cus tody at their trailer camp home here He said they had been in Waterloo about 3 weeks Neither of the Lehaneys has any comment Krieg said adding that they had not been ques tioned That will be left to Toledo police he said Krieg said the Lehaneys had 2 children Wilma 16 and Ger ald 5 and that they were being turned over to juvenile author ities who would care for them The police chief said Mrs Lehaney said she would waive extradition but that Lehaney would make no comment Neither the Lehaneys of fered any resistance to arrest Krieg said Blue Approves Iowa Soldier Bonus Bill DCS Molncs Robert D Blue Monday signed 6 bills includ ing the soldiers bonus bill and 2 major appropriations acts and vetoed 4 other measures In one swoop he disposed of the last 10 bills sent to him by the 1947 legislature before it ad journed about 4 weeks ago The bonus bill subject to ratifi cation by the voters in 1948 of an state bond issue calls for payments of to each to Iowa veterans of World War II The appropriations bills allowed substantially increased budgets to state departmental offices to increase salaries and meet higher operating costs and raised the al lotments for support oC the 15 state institutions under the board of control Other bills signed by the gover nor Appropriating 52780000 from the state general fund to supple ment the state board of educations building fund of Authorizing counties upon ap proval of their voters to levy a 2 mills tax for rural libraries Placing control of slate salary schedules for general employes except in the elective state and the board of education under the governor and the executive council Outstanding among the bills which the governor vetoed was a house measure which would have increased state aid to 4H club fairs from 52000 to 2500 a year each The first nationwide test of the use of streptomycin in treating tu berculosis was begun in 1946 Reveal Trial of Navy Officer for Jap Prison Camp Incident Washington navy department confirmed Monday that Lt Cmdr Edward N Little of Monrovia Cal was on trial at a closed court martial here but declined to reveal the charge because of its secret nature The proceedings were first revealed by Radio Commentator Drew Pearson in his weekly broadcast Sunday night Pearson said the charges were an outgrowth of incidents in a Japanese prison camp where Little had been placed incharge of the American mess Pearson said Little was a graduate of the naval academy at An napolis and that the against him had been boiled down by the Annapolis brass hats to conduct unbecoming an officer A navy spokesman said the proceedings were closed at the request of the officer Pearson said that witnesses have accused Little of squealing to the Japs on his fellow Americans while in the prison camp Pearson said Little is accused of reporting 2 fellow prisoners for violating Japanese prison rules Both subsequently were starved to death Pearson said Because an enlisted man Wil liam Knight stole some food Pearson said Little reported him to the Japs who beat him until he was unconscious and then starved him until he died He was beaten so badly that it took him only 5 days to die On top of this Commander Little reported a U S marine Cpl James Pavlockus becaure he had bought some rice from a Jap soldier and resold the rice inside the American mess hall Com mander Little knew that to turn in Pavlockus meant almost cer tain death But ho reported him anyway Whereupon the Japanese starved Pavlockus for 35 whole days on the 38th day Pav lockus died ASKS PASSAGE OF INSURANCE PLAN FOR U S President States SucK Legislation Is Crucial to National Welfare Washington resident Truman asked congress Monday to give immediate attention to enactment of a federal health and disability insurance program In a special message to the leg islators Mr Truman declared such legislation is crucial to our national welfare Under the type of program he asks a worker unable to work because of injury or illness would receive government payments Mr Truman told congress Of the 4 basic risks to the se curity of working people and their old age death and have pro vided some insurance protection against 3 Protection against the the major missing element in our national social in surance program Mr Trumans message asked in addition 1 Adequate public health serv ices including an expanded mate rial and child health program 2 Funds for research and med ical education 3 More hospitals and doctors especially in sparselysettled areas The total health program which I have proposed is crucial to our national welfare he said The heart of that program is national health insurance Until it is a part of our na tional fabric we shall be wasting our most precious national re source and shall be pejpetuating unnecessary misery and human suffering The president asserted that an insurance plan is the democratic way of coping with the menace of serious illness which requires ex pensive care and services He continued It is the only plan broad enough to meet the needs of all our peo ple It the long less cosily and far more effective than public charity or a medical dole Under the program which I have proposed patients can and will be free to participate or to reject participation And a national health insur ance plan can and should provide for administration through state and local agencies subject only to reasonable national standards Mr Trumans message renewed a proposal he had made previously to congress The presidents message said 2 states now make payments to workers who are ill and that sim ilar programs are being considered by other states Plan Inquest of Auto Crash Which Killed 1 Albia County Cor oner Bart Downs announced he would hold an inquest Monday into the headon collision of 2 au tomobiles 8 miles west of here on highway 34 shortly before noon Sunday which claimed the life of J C Coons 69 of Chariton Downs swore in the coroners jury Sunday He said he had 1 eyewitness to the accident The Coons car was in collision with 1 owned by Charles F Wil liams of Ottumwa Coons wife 68 was reported in serious condition at a Chariton hospital Also hospitalized were Mr and Mrs John Shelton and 3 of their 4 children The Shelton family was riding in the Coons car In the Williams car were Wil liams son and daughterinlaw Mr and Mrs Robert Williams and their 2 children Wanda 12 and Joe 14 All were hospitalized in Ottumwa with serious facial cuts and bruises Robert Wil liams 39 was reported to have suffered a broken leg SAME Black flag menu traffic death in put 24 hour period ;