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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, May 19, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 19, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Of HUTOflV AND DES KOINES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION r u MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Press fall Leased Wires MASONCITY IOWA SATURDAY MAY 19 1915 MARINES BATTLE FOR CRUCIAL HILL INSIDE WASHINGTON Francos Latest Moves Curry Favor of Allies Central Press Capital Staff final defeat of Germany has caused the Spanish government of Generalissimo Francisco Franco to look to the Pacific war as a possible means of restoring itself in the good races of the United Nations Already with the last embets of the late Adolf Hitlers reich smold ering the Madrid government has severed diplomatic relations with Japan However those close to Franco remains the last Fascist dictator in that this is not enough if he is to remain in power They are advising him to bide his time and leap upon the United States bandwagon with a declara tion of war against the Nipponese There would be popular senti ment in Spain for such a token fight The Japanese have defiled Spanish church property in the Philippines and thus the cause is clear cut Spain could furnish little more than a token force But Francos advisers iee that such a gesture even at this late date might prove acceptable to the United States and Great Britain They of course realize that the Hussians always will hale the present Spanish regime ADMIRAL ERNEST J KING commanderinchief of the navy believes the decimated Japanese navy will actually come out of its home waters to meet the challenge of the U S fleet King however thinks that its strength has been so whittled down that it is only capable of sudden j offensive outbursts You must keep in mind he 1 warns that while that is only one fleet one segment possibly of power it can be used by the Japa iLTiese in many directions arid we Have to coverall thoseairecUbriE CAPITOL OBSERVERS are an alyzing the recent house vote on the passage of the bill to commit the United States membership in the international food organization The vote was 291 to 25 Importance of this tally is that it marks the first test on a meas ure which places the United States squarely m the postwar interna tional network of peace organiza i tions Despite the overwhelming en dorsement there may be trouble on future measures of similar im portance A vocal minority re vealed that its strategy will be to slash appropriations which would implement these bills THE RICH OIL OF BORNEO which can practically be used in ships bunkers without refinement has been denied the Japs for some since Gen Douglas MaeArthur severed their supply line But the allies will show the Nip ponese how to use it The effec tiveness of the Japs scorched earth policy will only delay its availability r Tte of restoring refineries I for high octane is all prepared So are the methods of transport ing oil overland into central China in quantities to supply any major land battle there o s CONGRESSIONAL QUARTERS 4 report that the fight for passage of the tariff reduction bill looks favorable A threatened GOP fili buster in the house ways and means committee has ended The bill will go to the house within a Jew days While there are indications the measure will pass the administra tion may take a licking on one vital provision This is the pro posed 75 per cent reduction in the tariff rates of the SmootHawley act of 1930 The present rate is 50 per cent Otherwise the house is expect ed to pass the bill by May 26 and the senate by June 12 its statutorv expiration date 15TH OCCUPIES 14000 MILES OF NAZI AREA Saar Basin Rhine Western Half of Ruhr in American Control Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force U S 15th army is ruling 14000 square miles of Germany includ ing the rich Saar basin the Rhine valley and the western of the industrial Ruhr the first official announcement of the 15th occu pational role disclosed Saturday According 1o the best available estimates from 300000 to 400000 U S troops will comprise the final American occupying force This means that the 15th army now including two corps will be strengthened by numerous addi tional units or augmented by an other army Under the command of LI Gen Leonard T Gerow the 15th army will control an area about eight times as large as the district su pervised by American occupation troops after the first world var Major cities in the ISths area include Duesseldorf Aachen Col ogne Trier and Coblenz In prewar days the laths area had a population of approximately eleven million but military gov ernors have no definite informa tion on the present civil popula tion In Cologne lor instance a recent census under army direction showed only 60000 of the original 800000 residents still present However thousands of displaced persons of all nationalities who now become American charges partially offset the flight of Ger man As oIMay 1 the 15th army bad registered 291437 displaced persons in its area and an estimated 100000 more were still roaming around outside the established camps In stripping the cloak of secrecy from Jhe newest army on the con tinent officials stressed that the ISths present role was not neces sarily its future role which is still undecided It was understood however that Gerows army will be the principal force policing the American zone throughout occu pation This will not affect redeploy ment of troops now attached to the loth army Redeployment is conducted for the most part on a personnel level rather than by units and troops under Gerow found eligible for discharge or transfer to the Pacific and will be replaced by others Lt R W Lewis Declared Dead by Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Support the 7th Buy War Bonds Oregon Woman to Wed Harrison Spangler New York The marriage of Mrs Henry P Buehner wife of the late Portland Ore lumber man and Harrison Spangler form er republican national committee man of Cedar Rapids will take place June 12 in New York former Myrtle Prtland Ore announced the wedding date Friday saying AT dDbeKat the Central Presbyterian church Park WWower has DOMESTIC TROUBLE JP 125 man V placed under S300 peace bond in justice court on charges of beat ing his 380 pound wife A statement from General Jacob L Devers commanding general 6th army group France Without faitii in himself the American soldier in this sector could not have come up from the beaches of southern France 700 miles over rivers mountains and valleys freeing as he has a conquered land overrunning supposedly im pregnable barriers and con querrnfr vast areas of enemy territory This faith in himself is for tified by his faith in his gov ernment his people at home and In his God Tour faith in him is also an essential factor and cannot be manifested more convincingly than by your purchase of war bonds This realistic support will strengthen his courage and his determination to attain the final victory First Reported Missing on Flight Over Germany a Year AgbLast May 12 First Lt Robert W Lewis son of Mrs O C Anderson 24 6th N E who was reported missing in action on May 12 1944 and who has not been heard of since has been declared officially dead according to word received here from the war department Full consideration has recent ly been given to all available in formation bearing on the ab sence of your son including all records reports and circum stances stated the letter from the adjutant generals office In view of the fact that 12 months have now expired with out the receipt of evidence to support a continued presumption of survival the war department must terminate such absence by a presumptive finding of death Accordingly an official findin of death has been recorded In the case of your son this date has been set as May 13 1945 the day following the expiration of 12 months absence it was stated Lt Lewis enlisted as a private unassigned on Oct 10 1942 and was sent to St Petersburg Fla He was graduated as a pilot from Moody field Valdosta Ga on Aug 30 1943 and at that time commissioned 2nd lieutenant He was later graduated from Hendricks field Lebring Fla on Nov 8 1943 being home on short leave following each graduation About Jan 1 1944 he went to Dyersburg Tenn to train with his crew before going to England He piloted hisplane to Iceland and then to England arriving there about April 1 It was about a month later while on a bombing mission over Bronx Germany that his plane failed to return to its base and he was reported missing He had been promoted to the rank of 1st lieutenant a short time before He was awarded the air medal last Jan 2B Robert was born in Jfason City j on April 21 1921 He was active in Boy Scouts and was a member of the First Congrerational church He was crartuated from the Mason city high school in 1939 and attended junior college the following year Before enter ing the service he was employed as assistant manager of the Des Momes Register Tribune office ftere Besides his mother he is sur vived by a brother James C Lewis now of Hollywood Cat Retired Farmer Dies Hold Rites Saturday services were to be held at 2 p m Saturday for Henry A Ricksmeier 73 who died at his home Thursday after a long illness He was a retired farmer Surviving are the wife one daugh ter one son and 3 sisleis LT ROBERT W LEWIS Painter at Iowa Falls Dies Funeral Sunday Iowa services for Oscar E VVheeler 59 who died of a heart ailment at his home Thursday evening will be held at the Baptist church Sunday after noon at with the Rev Clark M Crowell officiating Burial will be in Union cemetery He was born at Steamboat Rock Oct 5 1885 son of Morris and Rachel Hutchinson Wheeler and spenthis entire life in Hardin county He was a painter and dec orator for a number of years He was a member of the Baptist church and an active leader in Boy Scout work Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and somewhat warmer Saturday night and Sunday with scat tered showers and thunder storms Iowa Partly cloudy and somewhat warmer Saturday night and Sunday Scattered showers and thunderstorms in the west por tion Saturday night spreading over the remainder of the state Sunday Minnesota Cloudy Saturday night and Sunday with occa sional showers Warmer east portion Saturday night and ex treme southeast portion Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Friday 63 Minimum Friday 47 At 8 a m Saturday 55 YEAR AGO Maximum 55 Minimum 47 Precipitation 53 Small Nations Question Big Powers Veto San Francisco little nations Saturday challenged the right of big powers to veto peace ful settlement of disputes in the proposed world security organiza tion The minor powers forced crea tion of a special subcommittee at the united nations conference to produce an acceptable interpreta tion of the complicated Yalta vot ing formula for the proposed se curity council The question is whether the veto power of the big 5 applies to arrangements for peaceful settle ment of disputes as well as to en forcement action such as applica tion of sanctions and use of mili tary power This new complication came as the 2nd phase of the conference was ready to start For 2 weeks committees have been doing the technical work of preparing a world charter Now they are ready to report some of their workto their parent commissions Commission of the 4 top groups into which the confer ence is Saturday morning to receive reports from its committees on the world court and on legal problems Committee decisions are subject to debate and vote before final conference adoption The current debate on procedure uncovered a strong di vision between big members of the united nations which would have the special veto privilege and the smaller members The lat ter admit the necessity of giving the big nations veto power over the use of force to maintain peace But the little and middlesized powers seek to eliminate any pos sibility of a big power vetoing se curity council recommendations for peaceful settlements Although all of the Big 4 are committed to support thevoting formula agreed upon at the Yalta conference Great Britain is known to give moral support to the other powers on this particular issue The U S interpretation has been that a big 5 power has a ve to over any action or decision of the security council peaceful settlement or enforcement action that it waives the veto right in the peaceful phase of the dispute if it is a party Meanwhile conference officials continued attempts to expedite the work here and point the delegates toward a relatively early closing date for the conference The 14nation executive com mittee met for 2 hours Friday to study ways of speeding work Earlier the heads of the 4 com missions studied the same prob lems with Secretary of State Ed ward R Stcttinius Jr The controversy within the com mittee on Irusteeships has become so with little sign of either side giving further debate on it has been postponed until next week ALLIES TITO FAIL TO AGREE ABOUT TRIESTE Alexander Waits to See If Slavs Will Back Up Claims With Force BULLETIN London Belgrade ra dio quoting IMarshal Titos reply to notes sent by Britain and the United States said Saturday that the Honor of our army and the honor of our country demand the presence of the Yugoslav army m Istria Trieste and the Slovene coastline Rome Sir Harold Alexander announced Saturday that he had been unable to reach a friendly agreement with Mar shal Tito on Yugoslav claims to slices of Italy and Austria and the allies now are waiting to see whether he will back them up with force In a blunt statement baring for the first time the full gravity of the crisis brought on by Marshal Titos territorial aspirations the allied supreme commander in the Mediterranean said It is Marshal Titos apparent intention to establish his claims by force of arms and military oc cupation Action of this kind would be all too reminiscent of Hitler Mussolini and Japan It is to prevent such actions that we have been fighting this war Alexanders statement was ad dressed to the allied armed forces in the Mediterranean theater It alerted them for the period in which the allies wait sce whether Marshal Tito is pre pared to cooperate in accepting peaceful settlement of his terri torial claims or whether he will attempt to establish them by force The disputed Italian territory is that around Triesteand Goriria and east of the Isonzo river the part of Italy known as Venezia Giuha The Austrian area is around Klagenfurt and Villach the border strip abutting the northwestern corner of slavia In London a foreign office commentator said an unsatisfac tory reply had been received from Tito in response to an allied de mand concerning the occupation of Trieste He added that further exchanges will have to take place the Yugoslav Alexander made it plain that the allies had no objection to Tito claiming the territory His claims the allied commander said will be examined and settled with fair ness and impartiality at the peace conference The bone of contention he said is that our policy as has been publicly proclaimed is that ter ritorial changes should be made only nffer thorough study and after full consultation and delib eration between the various gov ernments concerned Alexander said he hart tried his hardest to come to a friendly agreement with Tito regarding oc cupation of Istria pending the peace conference but had failed As a result he said United States and Britain had taken up the matter directly with Tito Alexander made known his at titude in a special statement Tri este dispatches described the sit uation there as tense following the first meeting of the selfstyled Trieste constitutional assembly presumably with Titos blessing Tito claims that Istria north easternmost province of Italy rightfully belongs to Yugoslavia It was awarded to Italy after the last war The New Zealand garrison in Trieste was alerted until 2 oclock Friday morning when a consider able movement of Yugoslav troops including light tanks was noticed But it developed the Yu goslav troops had come into the city to pievent possible disorders at the first assembiv meeting The 384 delegates to the assem bly heard a scries of speeches ad vocating Kalian Slovene coopera tion Loudspeakers carried the speeches to the main square of Trieste where they drew little re sponse from passersby The dele gates decided to cable greetings to Premier Stalin Marshal Tito President Truman and Prime Minister Churchill British Gain in PusK to Thailand Border Calcutta troops pushing east from Toungoo toward the Thailand border have made further gains against stiff oppo sition on the road to Mawchi a communique said Saturday Mopping up operations over the whole area were reported progres sing In the Shan sialcs Karen guer rillas were reported inflicting casualties on the Japanese Chinese Army Retakes Port of Foochow Chungking troops have reoccupied the strategic east coast port city of Foochow in an area where the Japanese have feared American landings the high command announced Satur day There were indications that the enemy already had with drawn or was in the process of withdrawing from the coastal re gion around the port There were signs that the Japa nese in the area were slipping up the coast by ships in the night toward Shanghai There also were indications that the Japanese at Wenehow port in the province of Chekiang some 220 miles south of Shanghai might follow the example of those at Foochow and that those at Amoy and Swatow were prepar ing to withdraw southward to Hong Kong AH these ports are exposed to bombing from Philip pine bases and are virtually cut off from Japan and Formosa Japanese garrisons in each in stance a few thousand at the most have virtually no offensive cap ability against any American forces which might land on the China coast and in defensive operations would lace annihila tion Some observers in Chungking foresaw a possibility of Japanese abandonment of southeast Asia in favor of positions north of the Yellow river with the enemy evacuation from Burma to Thai land as the first step The Chinese high command said Chinese troops had broken into Foochow Thursday night and had completed recapture of the city by Friday morning BBC Says Rosenberg Arrested by Allies NewYork Alfred Rosenberg who directed the edu cation of Germany in nazi pre cepts has been arrested by the allies and placed in jail the BBC said Saturday He was reported found Friday in a hospital at FIcnsburg A member of Hitlers old guard Rosenberg became the ideological leader of the reich in 1934 He also had headed the nsizi partys foreign political office and had served as minister nf civil ad ministration in what formerly con stituted eastern occupied German regions Fuel Oil Available for Stoves Heaters Washington office of price administration said Satur day fuel oil rations would be avail able this summer for all oil cook ing stoves and hot water heaters The order lifted a restriction which denied oil for cooking and heating hot water from May 1 to Sept 1 if adequate standby equipment was available JAPS FIGHTING FIERCELY FOR TUNNELED FORT Victory May Break Main Japanese Line of Resistance on Okinawa Guam One of the most crucial battles of the Okinawa campaign is being fought for tun neled Sugar Loaf fortress a ISO foot hill covering the eastern ap proaches to the island capital of Naha and to moated Shuri cen tral hinge of the fortified line de fended by an estimated 30000 Japanese Japanese commanders are des perately throwing reserve troops into the strangle to hold the hill even frying to move columns up in broad daylight with little chance to escape observation The 29th regiment of the U S sixth marine division is bearing the brunt of the battle for Sugar Loaf The marines clung to the northern slope of the hill which they finally seized in the ninth attack in seven days Japanese still hold the southern slope and until it is cleared it ap parently would be futile for the marines to try to sweep through the empty ruins of Naha through which increasing numbers of Yank patrols are prowling Maj Gen Lemuel C Shepherd Jr sixth marines division com mander expressed the opinion that Japanese resistance may be broken on the present Naha ShuriYonabavu fighting line ne ccuise the Nipponese are sacri ficing so many men and so much ammunition to hold Sugar Loaf and other key hills Adm Chester W Nimitz com munique Saturday gave no reports on operations Friday He issued a unique official account of bloody smallunits company of the 383rd regiment of the SBtb division beating off coun terattacking Japanese in an hour long closequarter grenade battle on Conical hi These Japanese were led by an officer dressed formally even to white gloves and polished dress boots This eave evidence that some Japanese commanders real ize their evenliial death is certain and characteristically are prepar ing for a ceremonious exit Marines of Maj Gen Pedro A Del Valles first division have killed several Japanese officers dressed in ceremonial white uni forms presumably formal mourn ing dress An indication of the ferocity of the Japanese was shown in their deceive of 150foot Sugar Loaf hill overlooking Nairn from the east This was one of the bloodiest act ions of the Pacific war The strategic mound was scaled 9 imes in 1 days by marines of he 6th division The veterans of Eniwetok atoll and Guam reached the top the 91h time with their THIS WAS VE DAY ON OKINAWATha U S marine i Ita w7e VE day on Okinawa by having his clothing blown from his back by a Jap mortar shell He is shocked and badly hurt but still on his feet The Leather neck is shown being aided by a buddv ;