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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 18, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY A tO ARCHIVE D E S M 0 I E 5 I A urn THE NEWSPAPtR THAT MAKES ALLNORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MAY 18 1942 HOME EDITION U1JJJJ THIS PAPEa CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE i SECTION ONE vJQ DESPERATE NAZIS CANT HALT REDS Nazi Cruiser Eugen With Torpedoes BLAST WARSHIP OFF NORWAY IN RUNNING FIGHT British Planes Strafe Decks of Escorting Destroyers in Battle LONDON British ai force which has been playing a deadly game of hide and seel with the 10000 ton German cruiser Prinz Eugen for more than three months caught up with thu elusive warship off southern Hor way Sunday night and engaged her in a running fight in which she apparently was gravely dam l aged theailministry announced 5 Monday I One attacking pilot said he sa a great pillar of black dirty smoke rise above the super structure of the Prinz Eugen aftei his torpedo hit home Two large explosions 15 seconds apart were heard Another pilot said he saw a sheet of flame spring from ths cruiser after he attacked He go a glimpse of other torpedoes run ning well toward the ship the ministry added First reports of the engage ment indicate that aerial tor pedo hitswere scored on the Prim Engen which evidently was trying to slip back to a German port from her refuge at i Trondheim where she has been hiding out after being damaged by a British submarine a com r munique said The air ministry reported that me PrinzEugen was escorted by fourdestroyers arid asxvarm of German fighter planes which ap parently tried desperately to ward off theBritish attack The British planes strafed the decks of the destroyers with cannonfire and shot down five of the nazi fighters the ministry said but it acknowledged that nine British planes had failed to return from the combat The size of the attacking British aerial force was indi cated by the disclosure that it included Bezofort torpedo carrying planes Hudson bomb ers Blenheim bombers and Beau fighters f Both the royal navy and the air force have been lying in wait for the Prinz Eugen to venture from her Norwegian refuge ever since she made a daring dash through i the English channel last February in company with the battleships i Scharnhorst and Gneisenau CLAIM 29 RAF PLANES jj LOST IN ATTACK 1 BERLIN From German Broad V The German high command announced Monday that a strong British aerial formation attacked the heavy cruiser Prinz r Eugen and escort vessels in the northern North sea but was beot e with the Ioss 9 KAF HJ3 i planes In all aerial operations against the German military and naval forces Sunday the high command I added the RAF lost 52 planes I while the Germans had only three pursuit planes shot down Boy 11 Leaps Through Broken Window Saves Baby From Flames DAYTON Iowa per ons were burned one seriously imd a baby was rescued by an 11 i ear old boy who leaped through broken window when the Harry i issen farm home near here I lught fire following an explosion Ji heating stove over the rpi Mrs Nissen suffered second de fiTree burns from her waist to her et and her sister Miss Berna me Kramer was burned on the ands and arms after she poured srosene on a fire she was kind put out the flames which iveloped them by rolling on rugs Donald Kramer young brother 3j5 MrsNissen and Miss Kramer Cashed into a bedroom adjoining 1 living room and rescued the eight month old baby 3jraping through a window with ne child after breaking the glass saving the baby outside he went OSack inside the smoke filled house jind telephoned neighbors for it Glp 31 Neither the Troy nor the baby 5yas injured Night Settles on Convoy M Inside Stories of Germany Italy Are Powerful Reasons for Western Fighting Front SEE PAGE 2 FOR UNCENSOKED REPORTS ON AXIS This war analysis conducted by Dewitt Mackenzie Wide World his absence for a fortnight andIts come the first adequate and entirely dependable analyses of war onthe United States The stories of the American spondents who have been interned in the third reich and in that Ger man province which lies south of the Brenner pass Walls did not a prison make for these reporters for even with their limited contacts with their keepers they were able to keep a sensitive finger ort the pulse of the peoples with whom they had worked Their reports now reach ing Americans from neutral Por tugal are of the utmost impor tance to every United States citi zen They are required reading for anyone who wants to get a clear picture of the nature and magnitude of our own task in win ning the victory First of all these stories are excellent sedatives for wishful thinkers for they are eareful to point out the folly of expecting riot and rebellion in nations where the gestapo pistol is close to every head Paradoxically the stories are powerful arguments for the speedy creation of a fighting front in western Europe for they make it very plain that the dry rot of sullen apathy and hopelessness among the German and Italian jeople is creeping into he axis armed forces whose task it will be to combat allied invasion of the continent The most unmistakable point of all these accoutits is this The utter weariness of the plain Ger man and people with the war they did not want and their overwhelming yearning for almost any kind of a peace How little patriotic fervor is left to most of the axis folk can he read in the dozens of in stances which the American correspondents cite of the scheming to defeat the ration rules the mushroom growth of black markets and the sinister rise of special privilege There is a real lesson in that incidentally for Americans now mmersed in the first complica ions of the ration card There also is a plain warning to he allied peoples of what to ex lect from the axis rulers as an nevitable consequence of the pre sent attitude of the populations vhich they must at all costs at empt to hold in line Peace says one story Monday rom an Associated Press corres Jondent just arrived in Lisbon is he straw which the nazis are holding out for the nation to clutch That therefore is the thing to remember as the axis peace of ensives flicker and fade as they are bound to do in coming months No longer able to convince Germans and Italians that the decisive military victory is Just around the corner he nazi rul ers will find it imperative hence forth to fceep somewhere on the horizon of their darkened na tions theelusive mirage of an early peace of a stalemate That these desperate efforts will be merely mirages completely de void of substance or sincerity there can be no doubt at all It will be increasingly important that Americans and their allies quickly recognize them as such FIND BODY IN CEMETERY POND May Hold Inquest Into Mrs Hennings Death in Hampton HAMPTON Clad only in a nightgown and short coat the body of Mrs Chris Henning about 60 was found floating in a ceme tery pond here shortly after 5 oclock Monday morning Her head was above water when the body was found and cause of her death had not been announced Monday m o r n i n County Coroner J F Martin said an inquest probably will be held Mrs Henning the former Mrs Cora Harris had been in ill health according to members of the family She was thought to have left her home sometime after 1 a m Monday and was seenon the street at 2 oclock The body was found by her son Vern Har ris and Ross LeVere who began the hunt when she was missed at formerly oper home Mrs Henning ated a millinery shop in Hampton She is survived by two sons Vern and Errol and a married daugh ter m the east Funeral arrange ments were not announced Mon day 3 Killed When Plane Crashes at Wichita WICHITA Kans air plane crashed into a garage on the outskirts of Wichita Sunday killing all three occupant ot the plane Victims were Ben H Miller 34 correspondent for the Baltimore Sun papers Cecil J 43Wichita the pilot and Williams Knorr Wichita business SUGAR FOUND DISCARDED OMAHA being the precious stuff it is these days city officials were hard put to explain this About 400 pounds of sugar were found on the city dump but police declared it unfit for human consumption it having been soaked with water and hardened like rock CHINESE CLAIM JAPS CURBED But Nipponese Assert Pursuit of Allies in Burma Is Continuing feyTHEASSOCIATEDPRESS The most active theater of war in the far Pacific the tangled Burma battlefront produced Chi nese claims Monday that the enemy had been curbed in the China frontier region and a Tokio claim that on the other side Burma Japanese forces were within four miles of Indias bor der A Tokio broadcast said that Japanese pursuit of the British and Chinese forces still in Burma continued relentlessly It referred not at all to the hard sledding the Japanese have en countered in their drives into Chinas Yunnan province along the Burma road Chinese reinforcements pouring across the Sahveen river for coun terassaults on Japanese forces Yunnan province around Lungli and Tengyueh had completely cancelled the Japanese threat to the Burma road city ol Paoshan Chungking dispatches said The Chinese defense appeared to have lapsed into the sort of guerrilla infiltration tactics which have served them so well in other sectors of the older war in China The fightingretreat of the British imperials through Bur ma toward India was credited with providing forces in India five months to prepare for a Japanese attempt at invasion of that vast subcontinent The monsoon in Burma may greatly enlarge that defensive advan tage Further to hamper Japanese ef Eorts in this direction the growing BritishAmerican air power in In dia bombed Kalewa 140 miles northeastof Mandalay where the Japanese unopposed had seized footholds on the Chindwin river Report Lifeboat Was Machinegunned by Sub WILLEMSTAD Dutch West In dies survivors ot a United States freighter were brought here Monday and re ported that an axis submarine after sinking their ship Saturday night near the island of Bonaire machinegunned the crew in lifc Doals The survivors were landed first on Bonaire and brought to Willemstad by plane Boland Demo House Whip Dies Suddenly SCRANTON Pa TJ S Representative Patrick J Boland democratic whip in the house died of a heart attack at his home Mon day on the eve of Pennsylvanias primary election at which he was seeking renomination for a sev enth term The 62 year old legislator a close friend of President Roose velt returned to Scranton from Washington Saturday and spoke Sunday night over a local radio station in the interest of his cam paign Friends who played cards with him after the broadcast said lie was in jovial spirits He was stricken at 5 a m Monday and died before a physician arrived A native of Scranton Represen tative Boland had set a record for service from Pennsylvanias llth congressional predomin before he first to congress in ately republican sought election He was appointed democratic whip in his second term He had a great capacity for work a fact that was recognized by all the speakers under whom he served Byrns Bankhead and Raybum Frequently his predictions on the outcome of critical legislation were astonishingly accurate One of his most spectacular con tests for reelection was in 193G when he was personally opposed by the Rev diaries E Coughlin because he had refused to support the FrazierLemke farm mora torium bill The Royal Oak priest spoke in Bolarids district in an effort to Treathim but the con Believe 2 lowans Are Suicide Pact Victims E XIR A Iowa Hans Johnson said Monday Mr and Mrs Clarence Masching were ound dead in their home Sunday and that he believed the deaths were the result of a suicide pact Johnson said Mrs Masching 72 an invalid had been strangled and lial her husband apparently hanged himself i PATRICK J BOLAND attack victim Juliana Sees New World After War PELLA Juliana of the temporarilyblacked out Neth erlands predicted at Central col Jege here Monday that a final and complete victory shall be wona new world will arise a bette world for all Accepting an honorary doctor of laws degree as part of the col leges commencement exercises the princess said peace shall re turn and the conflict of today for which we are willing to offer everything shall lead to a world in which men and nations live to on righteousness gether based and freedom The Dutch people she contin ued stand unfalteringly inside and outside the borders of our Neth erlands and our Indies defying successfully the evil minds of our aggressors Monday night Princess Juliana ill be presented to Pellns 3 G3S townsfolk and several thousand visitors from Tulip Tower the center of activities during Pcllas annual tulip festival The Princes missed this event by a week HELD FOR DRIVING JEEP WATERVILLE Me Bernard B Butler 26 was held for army authorities Monday after he allegedly drove an army jeep here from Brooklyn N Y where he was stationed to show his wife he diploma he won after training three months to become a cook Buy war savings bonds and stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy PANAMA TO LET U S ARMY USE DEFENSE AREAS Treaty Signed Includes Air Base 80 Milek Southwest of Canal WASHING TO N The United States and the republic of Panama signed a treaty at Pan ama Monday covering the use ot defense areas in the republic by armed forces of the United Stales already have occupied which them The state department said American troops occupied the areas by permission of the Pan amanian government They will develop them as gun emplace ments airplane detector stations bombing ranges and auxiliary air largest of which is the Rio Hato air base some 80 miles southwest of the Panama canal The signing of the treaty came as American negotiators at Mar tinque were continuing their dis cussion with French authorities on measures to safeguard French Caribbean possessions against pos sible axis moves In its announcement of the new treaty with Panama the state de partment asserted the pact was another significant landmark in the history of relations between the United States and Panama and constitutes an important contribu tion to the security of the canal and the defense of the hemis defen sive treaty were begun some months ago under the Panamanian government of President Arnulfo Arias now in exile The pact was signed Monday by Edwin C Wil son United States ambassador to Panama and Panamas foreign minister Octavio Fabrega It will be effective when approved by the national assembly of Panama and the United States senate FARMER HELD UP BY ESCAPED MAN Trusty Who Fled Prison Camp at Cherokee Gets Gasoline at Pocahontas POCAHONTAS Whet stine a trusty who escaped from the state prison camp at Cherokee early Monday held up David Swa line Pocahontas farmer and ob tained five gallons of gas to aid him in his flight Sheriff Hubert Kapsch reported Whetstine sentenced to 10 years in the state reformatory in 1933 from Washington county was driving a 1935 Ford V8 which was stolen at Cherokee the sheriff said Sheriff Kapsch reported Whet stine came to the Swaline farm about seven miles south of here at a m After obtaining the gasoline S w a 1 i n es departure from the farm was delayed when rtts car stuck in the mud in the lane The trusty forced Swaline the sheriff said to help him in freeing the car Weather Report MASON FORECAST CITY Cooler Monday night rising temperature Tues day forenoon IOWA Cooler in cast portion Monday night rising temper ature in west and central por tions Tuesday forenoon MINNESOTA Occasional light rain north portion Monday night and in extreme north Tuesday forenoon Not much change in temperature except warmer southwest portion Tuesday fore noon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 55 Minimum Sunday night 46 At 8 a m Monday 49 Rain 32 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 54 Minimum Saturday night 50 03 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 55 Minimum 33 74 S3 Russians Push Flank Action Near Kharkov By CLYDE A FARNSWORTH Associated Press War Editor A new decisive stage has been reached in the global war as in dicated Monday by word that the expanding Russian offensive had cut into the Germans communica tions in southern Russia In the No 1 war zone the red army was said by a British milP tary commentator to have doubled the scope of its drive in the Kharkov region now advanc ing on a 100mile front which curved sharply to the southwest of Kharkov resting on Krasno grad This represented a deep flank ing action against Kharkov supplementing a frontal assault still unchecked Krasnograd is an important railway center which evidently had been nulli fied for German use It lies GO miles southwest of Kharkov The Russians said that weekend operations in the region netted ad vances of 12 to 37 miles vast quan tities of German war material cap tured or destroyed and the death of 12000 German soldiers A London commentator said that the Russian advance now six days old undoubtedly had been slowed down in some places by the Germail resistance but he de clared it had been halted nowhere Despite German claims that the battle of the Kerch peninsula was ended in German favor with 68 000 Russians taken prisoner Mon days Russian communique said that soviet troops were fighting stiff engagements in areas of the town of Kerch indicating that the Russians still held part ot that Crimean city which faces the Hit lercoveted Caucasus across Kerch 1 comelor the Russians on the Crimea and indeed a possible rectification of the whole German front south of Kharkov depending on the prog ress of the frontal attack at Khar kov and the Krasnograd spear head Mondays German high com mand communique represented something of a comedown from earlier claims that conauest of the Kerch peninsula was com plete It said that remnants of tha beaten enemy are facing annihi lation tance despite desperate res is As for the Kharkov front the Germans said their counterattacks had developed into a tank battle in which 56 Russian tanks were destroyed and another 54 knocked out by air attack Against this were Russian claims of German tanks destroyed now running into the hundreds SOVIET TROOPS STORMONWARD NEAR KHARKOV Annihilate German Reserves Brought Up on Tank Drawn Trailers By HENRI SHAPIRO MOSCOW UP A Rus sian army estimated at near ly 1000000 men stormed through blazing villages on the approaches to Kharkov Monday after annihilating suicide squads of German parachutists and infantry re serves rushed into battle aboard trailers drawn by nazi tanks An official communique said that the red army continues o forge ahead toward and around Kharkov portions of which were reported aflame from artillery bombardment on the seventh day of Marshal Scmcon Timoshonkos big offensive A fleet of 2000 or more tanks including new 50ton land battleships and Ameri can triple turret tanks and squadrons of Stormovik cannon planes were reported blasting open a path for the steady ad vance which already is offi cially listed as iiavine exceeded 40 miles in some sectors W The Russian forces advancing over roads and fields strewn with German dead and shattered nazi tanks guns and other equipment were said officially to have re captured more than30p villages towns and S AIRPLANES HUNT JAP SHIPS Search for Signs of Nippon Boats Assembling for Invasion Thrust MELBOURNE UR Long American planes swept over housands oE square miles of the nvasion zones Monday searching or signs of a Japanese invasion fleet assembling for a new major offensive There was increasing belief hat a new Japanese move was mminent Australian quarters said United States and Japanese naval formations might soon be in contact somewhere east of Aus tralia American and Australian flyers imited themselves entirely to Sunday after pun shing raids on invasion bases last week A fighter plane shot down one of nine Japanese zero fighters vhich made a vain attempt to at ack Port Moresby airdrome and harbor New Guinea Anti aircraft guns damaged two Gen Douglas MacArthurs com munique Sunday announced that allied planes had made three raids Saturday on the air base at Lae New Guinea and in addition to destroying eight big grounded bombing planes knocked out anti aircraft batteries ripped up run vays and started many fires in buildings One enemy fighter challenged and was shot down The DeBoyne island seaplane base in the Louisiades off the southeast end of New Guinea also vas attacked Buy war savings bonds and stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy them left in blazing ruins by the Germans The German parachutists were dropped behind the soviet lines and many were picked off by marksmen before reaching the ground in a desperate attempt to halt a disastrous rout of Adolf Hitlers broken divisions front line advices said Parachutists started dropping behind the Russian lines in key sectors in groups of 120 and up wards Front dispatches said many were killed by snipers and ma chine gunners before they reached the ground and that red army men wiped out the rest with hand grenade bayonet and trench knife V The Russian forces their sev en day advance unimpeded by the German actics continued a jubilant drive forward on a 100 mile front through blazing vil lagesand over the bodies of German dead W A noon communique said In the Kharkov direction our troops breaking the enemys re sistance continued to forge ahead It said the Russian drive had pushed on relentlessly through out the night The communique admitted that m the Kerch peninsula of the Crimea fierce fighting was now in progress in the town of Kerch and it was indicated that the Rus sian forces pressed back to he fourmile strait opposite the Cau casus making a last stand There was every sign that the Kharkov offensive far from dim inishing in intensity was gaining in momentum and power Tankborne infantrymen sup ported by mechanized troops were fighting a grim and merciless bat tle m the German main fortifica tions before the city Unconfirmed reports said the eastern suburbs of Kharkov Russias fourth city and key to the entire southern front were ablaze indicating that Russian troops might be only Iff miles Irom the city To the south the tirelessly driv ing red army had pressed close to the railroad junction of Kras nograd 60 miles southwest of Kharkov where they threatened the enemys vital main line rail road to Kiev Adolf Hitlers head quarters Front dispatches told of an in fernal welter of battle over a vast frontal area in which Russian Cossack cavalrymen slashed through broken fleeing German formations in some sectors and red army planes completely dom inating the air swept at will over the front flying as low as 70 feet machine gunning troops bombing fortifications and haras sing retreating German transport columns fighting for precedence on the crowded roads to the rear In its first detailed report of the Kharkov offensive now re vealed to have started at dawn v ;