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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 18, 1933, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Edited for the Home n j L f E fl H i s wt u 4 ti 0 E T Of IDfVA t e s Mo i NEs i THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XXXIX 7IVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MAY 18 1933 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS ONE NO 193 Illinois Men Have Looks Typical Senators Fit Traditional Picture By HERBERT PLUMMER WASHINGTONMay 18 a vote were taken as to which states representatives in the senate looked more like the senators of popular and traditional conception Illi nois would have a good chance to win Theres p e r haps no other pair in that whole body of 96 different per f sonalities that come nearer to looking the part of the roles they play than James Hamilton Lewis and William H Dieterich The sartorial splendor of Senator Lewis is one of the most talked of things when the senate as a whole is under discussion Standing out on the floor hcause of his whiskers and his meticulous dress quite often lie is the first senator to be singled out by visitors to the gal lery and located by means of the charts handed them as they enter Visitors Remember His grand manner flowery speech and deep resonant voice make a deep impression on the gallery and visitors usually remember him once they have seen him and heard him Help for Hogs and Corn Must Come Together HAMILTON UEWIS Illinois junior senator is a per sonality entirely different from Lewis He came over from the house at the beginning of the present oes sion of congress and hasnt had time as yet to become so well known But he looks the part of a sena tor Someone recently described him as follows If a toga were draped around his ample form and a band tied around the benign head of Bill Diterich he would be the counter part of a Roman senator Not Since Overman Not since the days when the late Senator Overman of North Carolina V BMiitst j aiid UlCrC1 uiix whom Observers Have likened to the old Romans While younger Dieterich looks very much like Senator Overman He has the same silvery hair The substantial build and kindly yet firm expression are very similar Dieterich prefers to let the others dothe talking on the floor Even outside he is cautious in what he says and is partial to the role of listener Only Two Speeches During the entire time he sat In the house as a member of the sev entysecond congress he made only two speeches and they were short and confined to one page Theres only one subject that he will dwell on at any length and that is historical research He knows his tory and delights in taking long mO tor tours to points of historical in test A friend who accompanied him on a recent trip to the home of George Washington at Mount Ver non reported that there wasnt a brick or blade of grass there tha he didnt know something about Attorney General of Illinois Prepares New Sales Tax Measure SPRINGFIELD HI May 18 fl5 revamped sales tax bill with the exemptions granted to farm produce sold by farmers and gaso line eliminated has been preparec by Attorney General Otto Kerne and was expected to be presentee to Gov Henry Horner today h said Kerner said that the bill a now drawn up removed the objee tions found in the original 3 pe cent sales tax held unconstitutlona by the Illinois supreme court AUNT HET By Robert Guillen FOUR TAX METHODS DISCUSSED CLOSE RELATION OF 2 PRODUCTS SHOWN IN CHART Study Will Contribute to Any Plan Adopted by Wallace By ROY F HENDKICKSON WASHINGTON May 18 lecretry Wallace an expert in corn ireedlng believes that any plan to mprove the price of corn or hogs annot be separated that price and rpduction movements of each are o linked as to necessitate slmul aneous action His economic adviser Dr Morde ai Ezekiel after a study which his riends dubbed hogarithms be ause of its utilization of higher mathematics charted detailed sta astics showing the close relation hlp of hog and corn movements iver a long period of time Completed Years Aog This study completed several ago will contribute largely owards the basis of any plan adopt d by Wallace under powers pro vided by the new farm act The job jf drafting this plan In Wallaces opinion will be one of his most dif icult tasks Each year corn belt farmers pro duce about 2500000000 bushels of flint and dent corn Most of it is used as hog feed The area where a surplus otcorn jb grown lor sale iiV limited centering When a mans dressed up in new clothes hes afraid everbody is lookin athim but when a woman is dressed that way she hopes ever body is Prices early this jear were the lowest in years and the last gov ernment report showed a surplus o more than 2000000000 bushels of corn on farms in March Mean while with cheap corn the hog pop ulation is large and growing while the exports of lard have dwindled as foreign trade restrictions multi plied Variety of Powers Wallace Has a variety of powers which are open to application to either corn or hogs but not all of hem fit his central aim which is o reduce production of both as the first step towards permanent im provement of prices If hog prices were increased by trade agreements with packers to pay minimum prices an increase in corn acreage would soon follow experts say Then with cheap feed on hand farmers would step up their hog production to get the advantage of better prices con tributing to an oversupply of both As a result any plan Wallace adopts to better hog prices will be contingent upon a reduction in corn acreage and production He has power to levy a porcessing tax on packers to use the proceeds to pay higher prices for hogs to those farmers who decrease their corn acreage Less Corn Available With less corn available its price would rise increasing the cost of hog production The effect of the plan would be to curtail both thus reducing supply and contributing to higher and more stable prices This method could be carried out through the domestic allotment plan providing for state county and township committees of farm ers to administer the plan to spread use of the method over a large area and to see that pledges to reduce corn acreage would be observed He has the power to enter into agreements with packers to pay higher prices for hogs of a given weight Under this method it has been suggested by his associates that the highest price might be paid to hogs of about 200 to 250 pounds thus slowing up efforts of farmers to market heavy hogs and retarding the growth of the lard surplus Output Cut Down Theoretically the output of hogs in terms of pounds could be sharp ly reduced In this manner which would also have a tendency to re duce corn acreage by cutting down the requirements for feed Before a plan for hogs and corn is put into effect a commodity faceting at which producers pack er other processors and hand lers arc to be represented will be called by Wallace and George N Peek chief administrator of the act It may be called within the next month with little likelihood that it can be made to provide for any corn acreage curtailment plan this year with the end of corn planting despite weather delays soon to be complete Urge Quick Application of Farm Act Spokesman for Wheat and Cotton Call on Roosevelt WASHINGTON May 18 Quick application of the farm bill to wheat and cotton was sought of the administration today by delega tions that called upon President Roosevelt and Secretary Wallace Representatives of wheat coop erative marketing agencies put be fore Wallace a plan for application of the farm bill to wheat and urged that a processing tax be put into effect by next Aug 1 Chairman Smith of the senate agriculture committee asked Pres ident Roosevelt to make the cotton provisions effective on this years crop and call for an acreage reduc tion of between five and six million Headed by Huff The wheat representatives whose organizations are credited with marketing about onethird of the nations annual wheat crop was headed by C E Huff president of the Farmers National Grain cor poration They asked Wallace to employ the voluntary domestic allotment plan and that through it legislative control production should be ob tained through payment of acreage benefits based upon voluntary par ticipation by farmers In an acreage reduction program More than 200 representatives of 14 organizations joined in the con ference with Secretary Wallace and George N Peek chief administrator ofthe act whenthe plowwas pre sented InimefllateFulfillment In a statement the wheat dele gation said farmers are rightfully expecting immediate fulfillment of the promises which have been made and the application of benefits to the 1933 acreage No less than the maximum bene fits made possible under the bill can be accepted by a prostrate ag riculture it said Administrative machinery must be cooperative and democratic and its acceptance voluntary The plan contemplates that with the use of the processing tax on wheat to be paid by millers pro ceeds would be available to make benefit payments to growers par ticipating the payments to be bas ed upon average production over a past period to be determined by the secretary of agriculture and applied to the present acreage Temporary Setup The delegation also proposed that county organizations be set up a temporary one at first which would serve until producers who entered nto voluntary contractural rela tionship under the plan had elected permanent county coxmcil This county council would deter mine allotments within the county designate benefit payment rates and amounts and carry out other duties with the cost of county ad ministration to be deducted from Lotal production benefits for each county MILK STRIKERS FACE JAILER This quartet of pickets from the Wisconsin milk strike front faced their fate smilingly as they were arrested near Milwaukee and brought before Frank Callan jailer the Milwaukee county jail As sociated Press PRESIDENT SIGNS TENNESSEE BILL Ends 13 Year Contest Over Disposition of Muscle Shoals Plant WASHINGTON May 18 Ending a 13 year contest over dis position of the muscle shoals pro perty President Roosevelt this afternoon signed into law the Nor risHill bill to govern its use and envisioning as well a broad plan for development of the entire Tennessee valley At the informal ceremony was the veteran Senator Norris of Ne braska victorious at last in his struggle for government operation of the shoals project a proposition vetoed in the Coolldge and Hoover administrations Even as the signature was at tached fresh controversy over the wartime Alabama plant loomed with revelation of a governmental investigation being under way into alleged misuse of Its power by private companies under republican administrations Dies After Accident STERLING 111 May 18 Myron Richarts 23 of Vlnton died at Rochelle near Sterling His leg was crushed a week ago beneath a truck while he was fixing a tire 1000 Wisconsin Strikers Routed by 200 Soldiers 25 Captured as Guardsmen Chase Pickets Out of Appleton APPLETON Wis May 18 Two hundred national guardsmen and deputies this afternoon engaged a crowd of milk strike sympathiz ers estimated at 1000 and chased them out of the city after a skirm ish Dozens of gas bombs were hurled and deputies flailed with their clubs as they put the strikers to rout They were chased out of the city to the west and guardsmen started pursuit In their trucks After 25 strikers were captured and were brought back to the arm ory Strikers Broken Up The fleeing strikers were broken up into numerous groups which were pursued by separate detach ments of guardsmen The fight apparently was the result of a delivcrbate bid of the strikers for a test of strength The strikers in a long line of trucks and automobiles came ito the city from the south and past the armory where deputies sat In trucks The officials trucks fell in behind the procession and fol lowed to the west city limits where the fight occurred There were con flicting reports as to what started the melee Threaten Ncwapapnr BELOIT Wis May 18 struction of the publishing plant of the Beloit Daily News because of the newspapers attitude toward the milk strike was threatened in an anonymouse letter received to day Officials of the company said they believed the letter came from a rad ical group in the city or from a crank as farmers in the Beloit area have maintained a definite anti strike attitude and there has been no picketing In Rock county A reported offer of Beloit com munists to assist in strike picketing here was not given notice by milk producers in the community The Beloit paper circulates in Walworth county where some o fthe most bit ter clashes of the strike have oc curred Guards In Uniform MILWAUKEE May 18 tional guardsmen In uniform and carrying rifles with bayonets fixed patrolled picket lines of Wisconsin milk strikers today to prevent vio lence as authorities prepared to open the entire state for the move ment of dairy products Although full military equipment was issued the guardsmen still act I ed as deputies under orders of sher iffs in the counties to which they have been assigned for duty In ordering the guardsmen Into uniform last night Adjutant Gen Tiim to Fate 4 Column S Will Rogers BEVERLY HILLS Cal May this man Roosevelt not only makes congress roll over and play dead but by golly he made this tough guy Hitler promise to bring sticks out of the water Is there no end to this mans cleverness Course there is one thing about Europe you can never believe em the first time They will agree to anything till it comes time to sign up This might be Just the ideal time to stop a war for nobody has anything to fight one with Like disarmament its not done for humanitarian reasons The whole thing seems too good to be true but the whole world is changing so maybe they are going to turn human Yours WILL ROGERS Copyright 1S33 McNquKht Syndicate LOOK TO GENEVA FOR NEXT MOVE TOWARD PEACE Disarmament Depends on Readiness of France and Germany By F G VO5BURGH WASHINGTON May 18 American statesmen looked to Geneva today for concrete indica tions of whether Germany and France have been budged from their opposing and hitherto irreconcil able stands on armaments by Pres ident Roosevelts epoch making ap peal directly to the heads of 54 nations First expressions from the presi dent of France in reply were polite and friendly Germanys nazi chan cellor Adolph Hitler pleased the world with the conciliatory tone of his address in which he approved the presidents plan and promised cooperation Half a score of other nations Including Great Britain acclaimed the action of the presi dent in official cablegrams Want to See Actions But Mr Roosevelt and his fellow statesmen considering the reali ties of the problem with which they are undertaking to deal wanted to see the actions which speak louder than words and followed with in tense Interest the reopening of the arma conference today at the Swiss city There the presidents persona representative Norman H Davis had broadest authority to employ his long diplomatic experience aiu intimate knowledge of the arms situation in following up in realistic fashion the move launched so dra matically by his chief As Davis and the president well knew the rock on which all previ ous efforts at land and air dis aramament have been wrecked Is the tense feeling a legacy from the World war between the defeated nations and the continental powers which fought on the winning side or MITCHELL CASE JUDGE OFFERED AS WAY TO RAISE MONEY FOR WORKS BILL Douglas Spokesman for Administration to House Group WASHINGTON May 18 Four separate ways of raising the tax money to fund the 000 outlay of the big public works industrial control bill were put be fore the waya and means commit tee of the house today by the ad ministration without recommenda tion for any one but with disad vantages of some levies pointed out A flat sales tax of 1 15 or 1H per cent with no exemptions was one plan described by Lewis W Douglas the budget director The three others involved raising income tax rates from their present 4 and 6 per cent levels either to 6 and 10 or 8 and 12 per cent In combina tion with Income taxation or cor porate dividends plus increased gasoline tax to 1 per or levies on tea coffee and cocoa which Douglas pointed out might be considered to violate the Lon don economic conference tariff truce or with new miscellaneous taxes covering such items as the smaller admission and long distance telephone charges which are now tax exempt Revenues Vary Slightly The revenues estimated from the four methods varied slightly in to tal but all approximated the 000000 which the administration requires Presentation of these ocr curreoY at the initial hearing on the huge bill submitted Iby President ii ri i i IL Premier Proclaims Loyalty A tfie study Federal Judge Henry W God dim above is presiding ut the trial In New York of Charles E Mitchell former chairman of the National City bank on charges of evading Income tax payments Associated Press photo Prussian Diet in Adjournment for Time FORMER SENATOR ON HiS DEATHBED Condition of McCumber of North Dakota Grave Death Near WASHINGTON May 18 former Senator Porter J McCum ber of North Dakota was In a critical condition at a local hospl al today and members of his fam ly were called to his bedside McCumber who served in the sen ate from 1839 to 1923 and is now a member of the International joint commission suffered a stroke Tues day and has been in a coma since Hospital authorities reported his condition was very grave and his death was just a question of a short time As chairman of the senate fi nance committee McCumber was joint author of the FordneyMc Cumber tariff law enacted in 1922 Since his retirement from the senate ho has been practicing law in Washington He hag also served on the international commission considering disputes between the United States and Canada over boundary waters to Hitler Says Policy in His Hands By roar WILHELM BERLIN May 18 The Prus sian diet today adopted an enabling act shearing itself of all parliamen tary powers and adjourned for an indefinite period was Indicated and diemocratic Lead er Byrns of Tennessee house passage of the bill by the middle of next week with no sales tax in it Douglas emphasized he was only giving Information and not testi fying to distinguish between tax programs he had submitted and added he had no objection to the committee going outside of the sug owe their existence to the peace treaties ending the conflict Arc in France on the one hand and Ger many on the other stand in the forefront of these two clashing forces Their refusal to yield on es sential points combined with French fears that her one time enemy would again become a mighty mili tary power have again and again balked efforts at real reductions in armaments and have kept Europe in a state of armed tension Under the Versailles treaty Ger many was limited to an army of 100000 stripped of all powerful weapons of war denied the right to make guns or ammunition and oth erwise shorn of the might which challenged the world in 1914 But at the very beginning of the section of the treaty which Im posed these restrictions It was set forth that they were prescribed as a part of a move to reduce the armed forces of all nations Basis for Demand On this provision tlie German the strong nationalistic regime of Adolf Hit based an Increasingly in sistent demand that the nations near her fulfill their compact and reduce their arms or else allow Germany herself to take up the powerful weapons of war which have been denied her This demand coupled with the rise to power of Hitler aroused French fears of a German rearm ing despite the treaty and increased the obstacles with which the Gen Tiim fa Faur 4 Column 1 The act introduced by Premier gestlons of the treasury Hermann Goering and his nazi floor leader Wilhelm Kube was ap1 proved by the votes of all parties except the socialists The diet is subject to recall by the premier and his floor leader The act gives the premier and his floor leader blanket powers during the long parliament vacation Proclaims Loyalty a passionate proclamation Witli1 of loyalty to Chancellor Adolf Hit ler of Germany Premier Goering declared the conduct of Prussias future policy would be In the chan cellors hands Prussian law he said will be the foundation of the reichs jurispru dence The stern old Prussian tures iron discipline and economic and honest administration would be rigidly enforced he promised The Prussian university and training in art would henceforth bsi carried out strictly according to nazl principles the premier de clared New Secret Police Herr Goering specially mentioned the formation of the new secret Prussian police whose duties he described as to ruthlessly combat the subversive Marxistic attempts still being introduced into Prussia from the outide It was significant that Premier Goering did not present the names of his fellow cabinet members and that Dr Alfred Hugenberg sat on the ministerial bench as the reichs commissar for agriculture and eco nomics It is understood Chancellor Hitler is still trying to mediate between I Goering and Hugenberg who differ widely on policy Disagrees Witli Vlnson Douglas disagreed with Vinson D Ky that revenue could be in creased by reducing the allowances on income tax rales of corporations for depreciation He gald this would raise a legal question on taxing gross rather than net incomes In his first appearance before a house committee Secretary Woodiu spoke of the urgency with which President Roosevelt views the im portance of the great bill He was backed by the budget director Lewis W Douglas It was the first hearing in the committee room in the new house office building Chairman Doughton appealed that the committee forget partisan ship Within Jurisdiction Chairman Sumners of the house judiciary committee suggested the proposal dealing with the anti trust laws came within Jurisdiction of his committee Representative Ragon DArk successfully moved that five lawyer members of the ways and means ommiitee study the section and Doughton appointed Ragon chair man of the subgroup with power to name the other four members two rom each party This bill Woodtnsaid should taken up In all seriousness for t affects all the people of the country He delegated Douglas to speak for him Wages Cut Down In certain industries there Is cut throat competition and cut throat selling Douglas said em ployes wages have been cut to Turn lo Iaffr t Column rt Charles City Boy Likes His Life Among Indians Long Named Camera Covers Long Distance PHILADELPHIA May 18 Meet the spectrohellokinematoto graph It takes motion pictures over as great a distance as seems appro priate to its name and shots of a storm on the sun and moons revolv ing around Jupiter won for Its crea aors the Wetherill medals pre sented by the Franklin institute Eludes New the boy had been Officers Trying to Send Him Home CHARLES CITY May dell Freeland 13 son of Harold Freeland found that living with In dians at the Santo Domingo pueblo near Albuquerque N Mex was a happy adventure and eluded officers yesterday when they attempted to take him to Bernalillo N Mex The boy ran away from Charles City about three weeks ago District Attorney T J Mabry at Albuquerque was to have taken thi body in custody yesterday Indians with them 10 days sharing in their daily life and riding ponies with Indian boys Correspondence with an Indian boy at Santo Domingo was said to have been a factor In encourging the Iowa youth to join the redmcn The Freeland boy has been going under the name of Frederick Crnndle a boy now going to school at Charles City The two wore chums and Freeland pave the Crandle boy his paper route before leaving Mayor W K Carr here Is In touch with officials at Albuquerque Officers are hoping to bring the boy back here IOWA WEATHER Mostly cloudy showorH In cunt nml central portions Thurs day night and possibly Friday morning cooler In extreme west portion Friday LOCAL STATISTICS GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 a m Thursday Maximum Wednesday 79 in Night flfl At 8 A M Thursday 68 PreclpltMion 02 of an Inch A now high for 8 oclock In the morning was reached Thursday In dicating still warmer weather ;