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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 17, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME 1 f 0 V A fv i A C I Y C Press and United Piess Full Leased Wires THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS MASON crry IOWA FRIDAY MAY 17 1945 This Paper Consists of Two Section One SEIZES RAILROA COAL DEADLOCK MAY RESULT IN SEIZURE MOVE Lewis ONeill Reject Arbitration Proposal in Coal Mine Dispute Washington resident Trumans fruitless efforts to set tle the long coal dispute pushed him Friday toward government seizure of the mines Government labor officials con fessed they saw no other course but they expressed uncertainty whether even that device would work Like earlier government set tlement effortsMr Trumans own attempt to find a solution hit a dead end late Thursday when his proposal that the dispute be sub mitted to arbitration was rejected by both Fides Seven hours after he made the proposal John L Lewis president of the United Mine Workers reported to the white house that the union negotiating committee had no authority to submit to arbitration At the same time Charles ONeill spokesman for the mine operators negotiating committee handed Mr Truman a letter say ing the industry was willingto arbitrate only wagehour issues It was not willing to arbitrate other Issues including Lewis de mand for a 7 per cent payroll levy to finance a unioncontrolled wel fare fund Mr T r u m a ns preoccupation with the more imminent threat of a railroad strike was expected to sidetrack consideration of the coal case Friday He still lias S days belprei expiration of 2 truce which seHl the miners bad to work Monday ending 6 week sUilre Both the UMW and the opera tors appeared to be waiting for a move by the government One government official close to the negotiations expressed doubt that any attempt would be made to reopen the negotiations which already have collapsed twice in a deadlock over the wel fare fund This official also doubted that negotiations would succeed if they were resumed The Ions and futile government search for a solution of the dis pute left officials with the belief that seizure miiht offer the only formula Mr Truman has made sparing use of his seizure powers Eince the war ended Before a decision on seizure 11 was evident that Mr Trumans labor advisers would be mulling over other possible plans of settle ment White House Secretary Charles G Ross told reporters lasl night that the president had not abandoned hope of settlement anc had asked Lewis and ONeill to stand by for further discussions Mr Truman made his arbitra tion proposal Thursday morning after Lewis and ONeill told him that further negotiations would be useless The presidents alarm was reflected in a subsequent state ment saying that the nation was in desperate straits because o the recent mine shutdown At p m the time set for a reply Mr Truman was given the rejections from both sides Nazi General Accused of GI Massacre Dachau UR Col Gen Sepp ietrich was accused in court Fri ay of handing down an order Aich led to the nazi massacre of etween 538 and 749 American rar prisoners and 90 Belgian civ ians during the battle of the Bulge Dietrich commander of a Ger nan tank army in the Ardennes attle that began in December 914 and 73 other elite guardsmen leaded not guilty to the charges f killing ill treatment abuse nd torture of the unarmed GIs ud Belgians Ban Seafoods Tokyo American per sonnel in Japan were prohibited Friday from consuming Japanese seafoods because of the danger o contracting cholera Swimming o fishing in Tokyo bay likewisi were prohibited by an order of thi U S chief surgeon Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Clearing Friday night Saturday partly cloudy ani warmer Iowa Showers and warmer in east and clearing in west por tion Friday night Saturday part ly cloudy and warmer Minnesota Cloudy with scatterec showers north and east ani partly cloudy southwest Frida night Saturday partly cloudi with light showers northeast i forenoon Warmer Saturday turning cooler during late after noon or night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at oclock Friday morning Maximum 68 Minimum 48 At S a m Friday 49 YEAR AGO Maximum 59 Minimum sd U Col Burton Ellis of Mari posa Cal chief prosecutor told the court that the massacre was carried out under a blanket order of merciless reprisal which Diet rich passed on to his officers Adolf Hitler cleared the way for unlimited ruthlessness in the last desperate bid by the nazis to stave off defeat Ellis said Hitler told his commanding generals at Bad Nauheim on Dec 11 1944 5 days before Marshal Karl von Rundstedt launched the abortive offensive according to Ellis This U the decisive hour for the German people The army must show no humane inhibitions Ellis said the order was passed on by Dietrich to another defen dant Col Joachim Peiper com mander of the 1st SS panzer regi ment which carried out the mas sacre The prosecutor said some of the prosecution witnesses might try to support the defendants because they were former German soldiers inculcated with the nazi military doctrine u V i 1 CUBAN Genevevo Perez head of the Cuban army visited President Grau San Martin at the Cuban presidential mansion Havana Friday and reported on the heavy shooting which broke out at Camp Columbia Cuban army headquarters early Friday morning AP Wirephoto QuellSmalLRevolutionary Rising in Cuban Army Camp Havana Cuba Gen Genovevo Perez chief of the Cuban army said a small revolutionary movement headed by an army group with civilian connections was frustrated in an attempt to seize army headquarters at Camp Columbia early Friday morning The newspaper information described the disorder as a seditious uprising of military contingents in the camp which was dealt with mmediatcly but no other papers gave it such a seditious character Other reliable sources said the difficulty developed when several officers and men refused to obey orders transferring them to the military base of San Antonio De Los Banos That base is to be landed over to Cuba by the United States on May 20 Troops were reported patrolling highways and avenues leading to the camp In Miami Fla Gen Manuel Benitez former chief of the Cuban state police under the regime of exPresident Gulgencso Batista said Friday that an abortive mili tary uprising in Havana was only the forerunner of a big revolu tion in Cuba There will be a real revolu tion at any moment he said Expect Gandhi Approval for British Plan New Delhi ources said Friday that Mohan das K Gandhi probably will ad vise the allIndia congress party to accept the British government plan on a trial basis This expectation contrasted with reports from Moslem league quart ers that M A Jinnah probably would remain aloof from the pro posed interim regime although he may permit individual league members to join it Viceroy Wavell opened a series of conferences with both congress party and Moslem league mem bers to explore possibilities for establishing the new regime Lord Pethwick Lawrence secre tary of state for India told a press conference that the British pro posals were merely recommenda tions and that Britain would not seek to impose them on India He to speculate on what will be done if the congress or the league refuses to join in drafting an Indian constitution Gandhi said the arinoiiiicemeni was most momentous one In the history of India and beg ged his prayertime listeners to read the1 government statement 20 times before commenting By rejecting the Pakistan prin ciple of a separate Moslem state the British mission put a hard decision before Mohammed All Jinnah leader of the Moslem eague He has been vehement in lis demands for Pakistan There was some belief that Jinnah event ually would accept the British pro posals rather than precipitate Bloodshed American Soldier Confesses Shooting 2 GIs in Nuernberg Frankfurt Germany American Negro private signed a confession Friday that he fired 3 a civilian going up the resulted in the deaths of 2 American sergeants Friday night army authorities announced Friday The Negro was identified as Pfc James C Devone 28 of North Carolina He came overseas in Germany to serve in the 3757th quar termaster truck company in the Nuernberg area Officials said the Negro asserted that the jeep in which the ser geants were riding got in the way of the last of 3 bullets he fired Authorities said the Negro fessed after ballistics tests showed the fatal shots were fired from an army carbine which had been traced to him The victims were Paul R Skelton of McKinney Texas and William R Timmons of West Haven Conn both 21 years old and assigned to the fiscal de partment of Stars and Stripes They were slain from ambush while riding in a jeep with an other soldier and 3 young allied women on the way home from a night club Authorities said both men were killed by the same bullet which went entirely throagrh the body of one and penetrated 6 inches into the body of the other Although it was first believed that German resistance elements might have committed the crime the bullet recovered by an au topsy was identified as having been fired from a U S army car bine Several hundred carbines were seized from troops and test fired before the right one turned up The young women in the ma chine were Miss Rose Korb of Hammond Ind an employe of the U S prosecutors staff at the Nuernberg trial and the Misses Kay Gass of London and Kath leen OFarrell of Limerick Eire both employes Stripes of Stars and The National 4H club enroll ment shows that the 1943 record of 608189 members between the ages of 14 and 21 exceeds that of any other rural organization SEE INDUCTION OF 300IOWANS DCS Moines selective service headquarters said Friday that President Trumans action in ordering the induction of non fathers up to 30 years old may possibly mean the drafting of an additional 300 lowans who would not have been taken under the previous 20 through 25 age group Col Ralph A Lancaster assist ant state director of selective serv ice said Friday there probably were very few Iowa men be tween the ages of 20 and 30 who were eligible for induction into military service Draft boards have been directed to review all occupational and ag ricultural deferments to give the state board a check on the numbe of lowans subject to draft Squelch Petition for Draft Act Extension Arnarillo Tex Joel G ONeal commanding officer of Amarillo army air field squelched a petition circulated among per sonnel stationed at the field ask ing an unarnended extension of the selective service act The colonel said the petition constituted a threat to con gress L THEY PAINTED THE WRONG HOUSE The Kilbride brothers Harry left and Gene laugh with Mrs Edna MacGregor a tenant of a house in Boston Mass Thursday after the brothers discovered they should have been painting a home 2 doors away It was the biggest mistakethey had made in 11201 jobs Friday the brothers were still dipping and dabbing at 25 Bigelow street before moving to No 29 They have to restore the side of No 25 back to normal AP Wirephoto MAKES EFFORT TO BAN STRIKE DUE SATURDAY Union Leaders Wont Ask Men to Stay on Job Under Government Washington dent Truman signed an ex ecutive order at p m GST Friday taking over he railroads in an effort to revent a strike set for 4 j m Saturday Minutes earlier union lead ers had said they would not ask heir men to stay on the ob if the government did seize the roads Asked whether the strike would go on as scheduled President A F Whitney of he Trainmens Brotherhood reporters Yes sir President Truman in a state ment called upon the railroad workers to cooperate and remain on the job Presidential Secretary Charles G Ross said that the office oE de Senate Leaders Apply Fresh Pressure for New Draft Law Washington leaders applied fresh pressure Friday for speedy enactment of a new draft extension law saying President Truman s age limit boost cannot meet army and navy needs Acting to save what we can from the near wreckage of the se lectiveservice system the chief executive late Thursday ordered the induction of men through 29 years of age Army estimates place 15000 eligible men in that Byrnes Sees Agreement of Big 4 Powers Paris S Secretary of State James F Byrnes and a party of 15 other persons includ ing Senators Tom Connally D Tex and Arthur Vandenberg R left Orly field Friday for Washington after the deadlocked foreign ministers conference had adjourned until June 25 They flew in the Caravan Cres cent which took off at a m a m Before departing Byrnes ex pressed the conviction that ile splte the failure of the current conference to draft any major treaties the outstanding differ ence between Russia and the powers would be settled at the next meeting Similar views had been expressed by British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin In brief this is the record of the session just ended Agreements Protocol to revise armistice terms with Italy Italy liable for reparations Transyl vania awarded to Romania Vir tual accord on peace treaty with Finland South Tyrol remains part of Italy Approval given 4power commission to study German dis armament in all occupation zones Disagreements 11 a 1 i anYugo slavia frontier and disposal of Trieste Whether to make a com plete study of Germany Twenty fiveyear treaty to supervise Ger man disarmament Disposition oi Italian colonies Disposition o Italian navy Evacuation of allied troops from Italy and Balkans Internationalization of Danube Whether to hold a 21nation peace conference Whether to discuss Austrian problems at next big four ministers conference but the possibility arose that few wonlii be drafted before the new July 1 expiration date Previously 25 was the top lim t but that was before the house forced the senate to agree to ex empt 18 and 19 years old in or der to keep the entire draft act from dying lastj Tuesday Senator Hill of Alabama dem ocratic whip and member of the military committee which called for a fullyear draft extension without exempting teenagers told a reporter The country and the congress must meet this issue headon and now There are not enough men in the 20 to 30 class to provide the numbers that the army and navy needs That means that fathers now in the service and men with lone overseas service some of it combat must stay on duty until there are replace ments Acknowledging that there has been much pressure from parents of the 18 and 19 year olds Hill added The public and some members have overlooked the pressure that will come from wives and parents of the long service veterans if they cannot be released Senator Austin ranking republican member of the mili tary committee commented that permanent solution of the draft issue is one of the key measures in our entire international policy I cant understand the argu ments of some who say we should not draft young boys and expose them to immoral surroundings and then at the same time ad vise us to increase pay so these same boys will volunteer Austin said in an interview Sheriff Seeks Thief for Stealing Bam Canton 111 Har old L Ellsworth is on the prow for the thief who stole a what was left of it Ellsworth bought the barn and had it razed and planned to re move the lumber But when he returned the next day everything was gone SUFFERS HEMORRHAGE S B Bellemy a prominent resident of Nashua for many years suffered a cerebral hemorrhage Wednesday Her daughter and husband Prof and Mrs Clayton Sutherland of Ames arrived that afternoon Prof Suth erland is on the coaching staff at Arnes WILKINS KEEPS SAFETY POSITION Des Moines Rober D Blue Friday accepted the res ignation of Lt Col Karl W Fischer as state public safety com missioner and said Fred L Wil kins Boone acting commissioner since July 13 1945 automatically becomes permanent head of the department Fischer who set up the depart ment in 1939 served 4 years be fore joining the armys military government staff and taking a leave of absence Just returnee from foreign duty he resigned to practice law at home in Vinton Military Tribunal Rules Tojo Must Face Trial as Criminal Tokyo down a new concept of international law Mr 11nation international military tribunal ruled Friday that Hideko Tojo and 27 other Japanese must face trial as accused war criminals v fPl I defense motions which asked that the indictment against them be quashed and argued that the tribunal had no authority to try Japans warfostering former leaders The tnal is scheduled June 3 By the ruling the tribunal held its right to fry the 28 on charges of mass murder and of in Srrike Time Washington A F Whitney of the Brotherhood of Railivay Trainmen said Fri day the starting time for the railroad strike scheduled Satur day is 4 p m standard time It is 4 p m in the standard zones all across the country in each ot the 4zones he told a report erAsked whether daylight sav ing time entered into the situa tion he said it did not citing war The tribunal in effect also held with She prosecution that those re sponsible for starting ruthless and unjustified wars threatening the B29 SHATTERS WORLDS RECORD Tokyo B29 of the armys Pacific air command PACUSA shattered a 5th world Joadtoaltttude record Wednes day when it carried 15000 kilo grams About 33000 pounds to a height of 37400 feet Lt Gen Ennis C Whitehead PACUSA commander who an nounced the record Friday said it gave the Superfortresses all inter national marks for carrying pay loads to greataltitudes All 5 rec ords were set between May 8 and 15 by B29s flying from Harmon field Guam Wednesdays record was set by Cot Beverly H Warren Plain view Texas immune from prosecution under international law Attorneys said this was the first time a court had definitely set forth the authority of victori ous nations to try leaders of the i me iiiuuns 10 iry existence of civilization are not defeated aggressor TOJO GETS A TASTE OF GI MESS When its lunch hour at the Japanese war crime trials in Tokyo expre mier Tojo and his partners in crime eat from a regular GI mess tray seated at wooden bench fense transportation would oper ate the carriers The president said In the strike situation thus confronting us governmental sei zure is imperative for the pro tection of the rights of our citi zens Mr Truman said however he had asked the parties at odds to keep negotiations going with a view to obtaining an agreement which would permit return of the railroads to private ownership at the earliest possible moment The seizure is effective at 4 p m Friday 24 hours before the strike was set to go into effect The presidents statement fol lows I have today by executive or der directed J Monroe Johnson director of the office of defense transportation to take over the countrys railroads and operate them in the name of the U S gov ernment A strike has been called for 4 p m Saturday by 2 of the twen y railroad labor organizations he Brotherhood of Locomotive Jngineers and the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen These 2 have declined to accept the findings and recommendations of an emergency board created by the president under the railway labor act In the strike situation thus con cerning us governmental seizure is imperative for the protection tt the rights of our citizens It is essential to the public health and the public welfare gen erally that every possible step be taken by the government to as sure to the fullest possible extent continuous and uninterrupted transportation service I call upon every employe the railroads to cooperate with Lhe government to this end and by remaining on duty I have asked the parties in volved to continue negotiations with the view to reaching an agreement whereby the railroads can be returned to private owner ship at the earliest possible date A F Whitney head of the Rail road Trainmen and Alvanley Johnston head of the engineers conferred with President Truman for 3 or 4 minutes They told re porters that they informed him they were unable to settle their wage dispute with the carriers and that the president merely saifl he was sorry Does that mean the strike will go on as scheduled a reporter asked Johnston replied Yes sir The strike would involve 250000 engineers and trainmen It would become effective at 4 p m Stand ard Time in the various time zones of the country Earlier Friday Charles G Boss presidential press secretary re plied no comment when asked what the governments position would be if the workers stayed away from their jobs after gov lemmcnt seizure ;