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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, May 16, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 16, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME INSIDE WASHINGTON How Hannegan Began Boom for Truman at Convention Selection o Chairman Robert E Hannegan to be post master general under Presiden Truman revives memories of Han negans part in the nomination o Mr Truman as vice presidenlia candidate at the Chicago demo cratic convention last summer Although the postmaster job traditionally is handed to flu partys national chairman in thi case it comes as a reward io services particularly welt done Hannegan started the Truman vice presidential boom in a Mis sourj delegation luncheon and a caucus in aChicago hotel during the convention Mr Truman and Sen Bennett Champ Clark of Mis souri were brought into the cau cus by Hannegan and Mr Tru jnan was named caucus chairman In the space minutes a resolu tion to have the Missouri delega tion endorse Mr Truman for the vicepresidential spot was on the floor new president made sincere protestations On last Friday lie told thi caucus I told Roy Roberts man aging editor of the Kansas Citj Star that I have never a candidate for any other office thai senator I said I hoped Missouri would let me have another term and that I had no ambition to be vice president I have no ambition he de clared to be on this ticket as vice president ol the United States Draft him Draft him the cried and the caucus forthwith en dorsed Mr Truman unanimouslj for 2nd place on the party ticket The action was looked upon generally as the opening gun in the successful Truman campaign Solid Fuels Administrator Har old L Ickes acting under orders from President Truman took ovex 363 mines in the strikeboum Pennsylvania hard coal fields where walkouts by 72000 mem bers of John L Lewis United Mine Workers had tied knots in war production It was the 3rd seizure of the mines since the Japanese sneak attack upon Fearl Harbor Ickes stepped in this time after thernines had been idla 3 days in defiance of a war laborboard backrtorworfcorder under an in definite extension of the old wage The seizure came while Lewis and other CMW representatives continued negotiations with the mineowners in New York in an effortto work out a new wage agreement Lewis was mum on the hard coal situation but promised Ickes that the union would do every thing possible to get the bitumin ous miners back to pits in 3 soft cool mines in West Virginia aiso seized by the government because of work stoppages TRUMAN PLANS REORGANIZATION Washington President Tru man plans a sweeping government reorganization to absorb inde pendent agencies iato regular de partments Senators who asked to be an onymous made this disclosure of the presidents plans Wednesday ihese senators close to Mr Tru man when he served in the legis lative branch said the chief exec utive is moving slowly and that it may be weeks before the firs steps become apparent The revisions will include cabi net changes possibly in labor treasury and justice One senator told this reporter The president always has be lieved that government should op erate on a vertical basis He is an old army man accustomed to logical chain of command The government operated utl tnat basis for many years and ii NORTH MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MAY 16 Thto Paw ConsUb ot Two SecUonscUon On BiimSEJAPJOONTPATTACK PRESIDENT CONFERS WITH EDENPresident Truman hmsllak hands wit hands with British Minister An tnonj Eden attne conclusion of a conference between the two at the white house in Washington Eden said thev lerred on many subjects US Compromise Ends Conference Problem rancjsco fjA United States plan guaranteeing to any united natons the right to organize for defense world secunty conference Wednesday Backed by sssure its eventual approval San Francisco group of goes before the enough votes to assure its eventual approval The plan is designed to give the PanAmerican defense system a strong and permanent position within the proposec world security organization Secretary of State Stettinius on Authority dent Truman that the United States would invite the other American nations to negotiate a longterm mutual defense treat following the conference here Formulation of the American Plan with the approval of vir tually all the Latin American states and most of the big powers remains to be heard this conference over one of its biggest hurdles The greatest obstacle remain in the opinion of United States authorities is the develop ment of a formula lor setting up nternational trusteeships that will allow the United States and ither powers to develop military bases they believe necessary to security This country is especially con cerned about retaining Pacific bases captured from Japan The British delegation Tuesday night eceived London approval 6t a entative AngloAmerican trus eeship formula But onthis too remains to be heard from The PanAmerican conference o draw up a longterm treaty to eplace the wartime pact made at Mexico City in March probably the most effective Independent agencies mush roonied in the depression years as the government stepped into new regulatory capacities been a growing de mand in congress for established departments to take over the func in which Mr Truman is neartily in accord The principle upon which the president is said to bast his pro srram is to have one responsible head for each department with supervisory and advisory duties spread out to a group of subordi nate executives The streamlining idea it was reported would merge such agen cies as OPA and WFA within the agriculture department Banking duties all would wind up eventu ally irj the reconstruction finance corporation In that connection the senate banking committee Tues day approved legislation trans lernng the functions of five sub sidiary corporations to RFC within RFC before longis the rural electrification administra tion It now is in agriculture and senate passed a bill making it independent But there are reports that the house leadership plans to transfer it to RFC The senate ma is not against that at Washington vill be held November The heart of the United States proposal isthat any group na tions has the right to plan col lectively for its own defense so that it the projected world secur ity council fails to prevent an armed attack on one of them aJl the others can go to its assistance Latin American leaders origin ally had wanted the hemisphere system exempted from control of the world council entirely But Tuesday they agreed to accept this formula which keeps the author ity of the council intact The United Slates formula was scheduled to go before a meeting of the conterence committee on regional arrangements Tuesday night but was delayed A sub committee was called for Wednes day with the prospect that it would pass over any formal ac tion on the amendments until another full committee meeting Thursday Now that the collective defense theory has been advanced with assurances of acceptance fears of small nations about bis power veto control of peacekeeping machinery appears to be vanish ing Senator Vandenberg RMich Tuesday submitted to a commit tee on powers of the assembly a Big 5 proposal designed to meet some but not all of the small nation demands for more power This wonld let the assembly recommend to the security coun cil actions for maintaining peace and secnrity disarmament and armament control councils situations threatening peace But would not let the assembly lake up a dispute on which the coun cil was already working when the representatives New Zealand and Brazil had a look at this they announced they would vote against a pending pro posal to let the assembly take up questions already before the coun tll This was leated in committee There were these other test votes also on small nation is sues 1 Mexico wanted to give the assembly virtually equal author ity with the security council for ordering the use of force against trouble making stales A com mittee vote defeated this 23 to 7 2 New Zealand offered an amendment to the Dumbarton Oaks plan which would empow er the assembly cither to vot concurrently with the council o to reviewcouncil decisions This mustered only 4 aye votes On the other hand the United States approved in principle a Canadian proposal that a nation wnose forces were to be used in a peacekeeping action should sit with the council when the deci sion was made But Russia had this referred to a subcommittee to determine whether the nation thus temporarily associated with the council should have the right to vote or merely to express its BRITISH SHIPS AT ANCHOR IN TRIESTE PORT England U S Await Titos Reply to Protest of Government London cruisers and destroyers have anchored in the harbor of Trieste under a canopy of American heavy bomb ers a dispatch from the disputed port said Wednesday United Press Correspondent James Roper reported from Tri este that the British warships ar rived Tuesday He said Sherman tanks manned by alert New Zea landers were patrolling the streets of the dock area under British control With the permis sion of Marshal Tito the British had begun unloading supplies at Trieste for the allied armies of occupation hi Austria The disclosure came while Great Britain and the United States awaited replies to their notes to Marshal Tito protesting administration of the port by his Yugoslav forces The allied position was that an allied military government should administer Trieste as it does all 3ther former Italian territory and hat any disputes between Italy and Yugoslavia over ownership of the port must wait The notes were described here as firm although it was said they did not contain any ultimatum The extent to which the Yugo slavs have seized control of Tri este was disclosed in a dispatch rom the port itself by United Press Correspondent James Roper Se reported the installed their own ipicked pre fect renamed a street Corso Tito substituted Yugoslav time for Italian time and begun conscript ing men from 15 to50 for the Secretary Says Luck Saved Hitlers Life Yugoslav army An Istanbul dispatch toiljetfi ttforsrwere circulating li alpTd inatic circles in Balkan capitals that Tito is planning a league of Balkan states These unverified reports said Tjto envisioned a league of greater Yugoslavia including Flume Tri este and Salonica with Rumania iulgaria and Albania It was said he organization would have Rus sian backing o s iss waR MO oE twQ pliers at the regular milftarv conference at TTitioit i i quarters where the bombing took place He said Hitler was saved be bomb as originally with a German cause the placed diminishing the blast effect ii Hitlers direction when it wen off Buchholz said the attempt was made at Hitlers headquarters then located near Rastenburg ii East Prussia The headquarters comprised a number of wooden barracks some with added con crete walls and was known by the code name There also were underground concrete where work could be carried on in the event of raids According to Buchholz the reg ular military conference July 20 was held at p m The usual military and political leaders present including Field Marshal William Keitel chief of the high command and Col Gen Jodl There were 2 ColonelsGeneral Jodl Gustav Jodl chief of staff of the German army signed the Reims surrender His brother Al fred former chief of the joint general staff of the army navy and air force was one of Hitler close advisers A large map covered an oblon table which occupied most of the room and laced the windows Keitel stood at Hitlers left At his right stood Lt Gen Heusinger was deputizing for Col Gen Kurt Zeitzler chief of the general staff who was ill Brandt Heusingers assistant stood at Heusingers right handing him pa pers while he reported on the military situation Other officers must go to acks and leIt Actually he another bar hurried to th and call the to dangerous Liberal Arts Dean Appointed at Iowa loiva City J McGralh has been appointed dean of the college of liberal arts of the Uni versity of Iowa succeeding Harry K Newburn President Virgil M Hancher announced Tuesday Mc Orath has been dean of admini stration aj the University of Buf falo Newburn will leave the last of June to become president of the University of Oregon VISITS CHURCHILL London UBGen D wight D Eisenhower visited 10 Downing street Wednesday for a talk with Prime Minister Churchill He was expected to return to Franco Iiter Wednesday Weather Report FORECAST J1 Fair Wednesday night and Thursday rising tempera tures Thursday Iowa Fair Wednesday night and Thursday Thursday rising temperatures of Minnesota Fair Wednesday night and Thursday Not much change in temperature Scattered light frost and near freezing tem perature north portion Wednes day night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Tuesday 53 Minimum Tuesday 35 At 8 a m Wednesday 41 YEAR AGO IMaximum 55 Minimum gj Precipitation 33 ALLIES PLAN STRICT CONTROL Doenitz Regime Is Temporary Government Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force Paris The allies do not recognize the Doenitz regime as the constitu tional government of Germjny and are planning a long strict military occupation of the reich it was made nlain day made plain here Wednes Maj Gen Lucius P Clay Gen Eisenhowers deputy for the occu pation of Germany said the Amer ican aims were to smash all ves tiffes of nazism and Germanys warmakine potential and to see that all war criminals arc caught and punished Supreme headquarters said for mally of the Germans who suc ceeded the Hitler regime just be fore the unconditional surrender Admiral Doenitz and certain other selected Germans are being used temporarily to carry out auties m connection with the feed care These German disarmament and medical of German armed forces German officers are fully controlled and are there solely to carry out instructions of he allied officials stoodIaround the table Buchholz said Heuslnrer had been giving his report for about 5 minutes when several officers entered the room late headed by Col Count Klaus von Sfanffenberer Hitter glanced over his shoulder but didnt rec ognize Stauffenberg immediately because he had attended the con ferences only a couple of times previously Keitel then introduced Stauffenbery as the man in charge of new formations Stauf fenbere ivas charged with form inff volksgrenadier divisions and bad come to report on that Naturally at that time nothing seemed unusual or suspicious but later we recalled that Stauffen berg placed his briefcase next to the solid horse which supported the table at the end where Brandt vas objected that the briefcasewas in his way and moved it from where it had been placed against the face of the horse to surface the outer tent Although nobody paid any at ntion to it at the time we later recalled that Stauffenberg was called from the room to answer leIePhone shortly after he put the briefcase under the table Buchholz said Heusinger contin ued giving his report until about terrific cx thunderclap said p m hcre port with his accomplice He talk ed bis way past the guards with the plea that he was on an urgen mission to Berlin After his arrival in Berlin b special courier the other conspirators obviously had immedi ately went to a section of the war ministry and reported that the as sassination had been successfully earned out and the revolt could begin Buchholz said it was definitely established 2 or 3 hours after the explosion that Stauffenberg was the wouldbe assassin It was be lieved Stauffenberg thought the attempt had been successful be cause he Probably did not know that Brandt had switched the briefcase to the other side of the table horse Also Stauffonberg could not know that the thin looking wooden barracks had been reinforced by concrete about weeks before Therefore much ot the pressure from the blast found release in the space between the wooden and concrete walls in stead of being confined to the Police reported that the bomb used by Slauffenberg was only an explosive charge set in a putty like mass with a fuse Buchholz said Originally they thought there might have been an infernal ma chine between the floor but the blast went downward through the lloor andalso tore 3 hole in the ceiling Buchholz said ata later conler Revealed he thought ofgoing window but did not because he thought maybe the bomb had come through awindow and there might be somebody waiting out ide HiUer was shaken by the at For sometime there had been rumors about some sort of con spiracy but the attempt itself was a complete surprise Buchholz said Hitler finished his days work according to sched ule and met Mussolini at the air port when 11 Duce arrived for a previously scheduled visit Buchholz was a yellow heet of flame and smoke filled room The walls were pwtfaHy LM 4 01itnd lh end of Hltlers rTht collapsed Bits ofglass from windows and amps were blown around the room The telephones smashed For some moments there was silence Then J heard a voice f believe was Keite Where is der fuehrer s asking expeditionary force In London Prime Churchill said that in general it the allied intention that the Germans should administer their alUed climbeti rough a window and ran around to the Minister Hit o his bunker about country in obedience to allied di rection He said the allies have intention of undertaking theihai burden of administrating Ger many ourselves There ler walking o meters away His SS Chamber lam and Keitel wanted to him but HitJer insisted ori ins alone heln walk was no mmcdiate explanation of the ap arent divergences of views by the British leader and officers at Shaef Sources at supreme headquar ers said the German high com mand will be dissolved and that here would be no national puppet ovemment for the present Such merman administration as there is vill be on a very low level it was iaid Brig Gen Frank J McSherry of the Shaef military government ection said the first four grades if German schools would be re opened and that textbooks purged of militarism were being primed Buv your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy said il laler Proved suffered confusion of his right arm as a result of the jar recover e from the able upon which he was resting with both hands when the explosion occurred From the knees down his trousers were burned and torn and his skin bnrned slightly His hearing like everybody elses was affected for sometime especially the left ear drum which never did completely Buchholz said the police made an investigation and pieced to gether the story he told me He said naturally he had seen only what happened in the map roorri Stauffenberg had arranged to be called to the phone by an ac the stenographer said The accomplice accompanied him to headquarters and made the call from another building The switch board operator said that Stauf fenberg after receiving the call U S Demands on Germany May Be High Washington UPJ There were ourting indications Wednesday that the United States reparations Jemands on beaten Germany will e 3 tough as the traffic will bear The attitude of the administra tion and of administration sup porters in congress alike seems clearly o be Slake the aggressor pay Details of the American plan have not yet been disclosed but President Truman already has outlined a 2fold objective which leaves littie doubt its terms will be severe The president told a news con ference Tuesday that absolute in surance against German or Japa nese rearmament ever comes first with us At fhe same time he spoke of reparations in the maximum rehabilitation and restoration ofi overmn territory Informed quarters in Washing ton believe rtemilitarizatinn of Germany will inclmle a rigid con trol over her industry for many years to come to prevent the manufacture of war materiel It doesnt necessarily mean elimination of German industry and forced return to an agricul tural nation and producer of raw products If is taken to mean However close 5upervjsion over what German industry produces The presidential stress on rep kind for maximum itation of overrun territory questions as to what States to gain Japs Fighting Hand to Hand on Mindanao Manila Japanese troops fought a savage hanctto h a n d battle Wednesday with Americans of the 24th infantry west of Davao City on Mindanao aiaj Gen Koscoe B Woodruffs battleseasoned veterans attacked with knives bayonets and even flailing fists as the struggle mounted in savage fury The bat tle raced in 12foot cogon grass in foothiHs between the Talomo and Davao rivers YANKS REGAIN GROUND LOST AROUND NAHA Fight Fiercely in Bloody Attack British Report Capital Taken Guam Stales ma rines battled furiously on the edge of Naha capital of Okinawa 40th infantry divisions pmcering a large enemy garrison m Bulddnon province where th bulk of an estimated 50000 Mind anao Japanese were believed for tifying hill positions Gen Douglas MacArthur an nounced in Wednesdays commun ique that 90 per cent of Mindanao second largest island in the Philip Pines had been liberated He alsc said 95 per cent of the population probably exceeding 400000 wa freed from Japanese domination But the Japanese salient wes of Davao resisted fiercely Thcij retreat cut off the Nipponese re sorted to suicide attacks Yanks and Japanese fought will bayonets and knives slugged will helmets and grappled like wrest lers Some combatants rolled int a river where at least two Yanks held theheads of adversaries un der water until they drowned One Japanese ran beneath a Cub plane in the center of American position and blew up himself and the plane Another wcarding a girdle of dynamite was detonated by carbine anc Pistol fire Even land mines disarmed by Yanks were recaptured reset and replanted by Japanese who stoli through American lines To the northwest 4flth division infantry attacked an enemy force in the Mangitna river area east ol air The division Is driving south Hi nineroot wide traveled Sayre flirt way toward the Slsi division about 60 miles away The 31s won an airfield oce mile north ol Maramac On Luzon the 43rd division pressed to within 400 yards of fpo dam east of Manila source of one third ol the capital citys water A ring almost is closed around a strong enemy force in the area In north Luzon the 32nd divis pn destroyed 20 more enemy cave iefenses in its drive toward inugan town beyond newlywon Jalote pass Four miles beyond mugan lies the vital road junc tion of Santa Fe The first cavalry division drove cross the south Luzon coast to Uinangonan on the east shore a ection previously untouched by Yank troops They were advanc ng north on Infanta supported by ight naval units Australian and Dutch troops on Tarakan island off the Borneo oast were pushing Japanese into he hills Supported by air and laval units they successfully at acked an enemy position over ooking the Pamoesian oillields HOLD MRS QUISLING Oslo wife oE Vidkun Quisling infamous Norwegian raitor who now is in prison waiting trial has been removed rom her slate mansion to a dc ention house at the outskirts or Oslo it was disclosed Wednesday Support the 7th Buy War Bonds u an other than security from future German aggression It raises the possibility that the this nation may compared to the S r be negligible and hnman labor which the German people may be called upon to supply for restora tion of European countries their armies invaded Buy your ffar Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette earner boy ground lost in the bloodiest Japa nese counterattack of the offen sive A British broadcast of a Reu ters dispatch heard by CBS in New York said Naha had fallen Io the Americans There was no confirmation from V S head The Japanese launched their counterattack around midnight Monday after a heavy artillery barrage said Al Dopking As sociated Press war correspondent At dawn one 22nd marine regi ment officer said weve been figrhlinjr like maniacs since mid night Bopking reported that be fore the battle was over one American company had only 2 men left of 216 Another company had only g survivors American headquarters said the marines not only beat back the Japanese but also drove the en emy into he interior of Taka motoji town with heavy losses Simultaneously Fleet Adm Chester Vf Nimilz announced car rier plane raids destroyed or dam aged 357 enemy aircraft and pounded IS enemy airfields on the Japanese home islands of Honshu and Kyushu Nimitz listed 176 air craft destroyed 108 either de stroyed or damaged and 73 ma chmegunned without observed re Japanese artillery shells shrieked overhead as a prelude to the enemys desperate attempt to drive marines out of the Naha sec Wand a night and day of the veteran 22nd regiment were shoved back 200 u a vaey to tne Naha before they rallied and turned the assault As the Japanese attack mounted in fury marine cooks bakers and olher rear echelon troops thrown into the bKtle Hand s dead like baseballs and were strewn on1 both Here is a statement from Lt Gen James H Doohltle now on his way to a new assignment after command ing the 8th air force in Europe Japan will feel the weight of millions of purchases of bonds during the th There can be no let bombs war war loan or war bonds until Tokyo war lords surrender cither he sides of the valley It was perhaps the most deter mined enemy attack of the Oki iawa campaign and the emper ors soldiers for a time rode a bloody crest Then the vet erans of Eniwetok and Orofe pen absorbed the shock and iteraiiy made a stepbystep ad vance At least 400 enemy dead vcre counted by noon Brig Gen William T Clement assistant commander of the 6th marine division of which the 22nd s a part said grimly We are well bled but well crush those damned buzzards be fore its over By afternoon following the night assault the marines had rc lost ground but fighting 2 around Sugar hill a strategic mound juardmg approaches to Naha the apital city The counterattack was a full cale attempt by the enemy to urn the tide of the campaign in he opinion of one officer Weve killed so damned many them we know they are throw ng a full scale blow at us he QIC1 The ffround action was high ightcd by the seizure after five ays of hard fighting of strategic Chocolate Drop hill in the cen sector by the 77th Infantry ivision The promontory provides he doiiffhboys with a valuable ob ervation point The Japanese again made an abortive counteilanding attempt near hardwon Machinate airfield behind sixth maiine division lines Naval gunfire smashed the land ing boats In the suburbs of Okinawas capital city Naha the Japanese counterattack was hurled back to iakamotoji village with heavy losses or1 Jaljanesc attempt to drive the 96th infantry division off Conical Jiill similarly was repulsed Incomplete returns indicated hat 10 U S planes were lost in tne two days and one nights car rier operation Radio Tokyo said more than 900 American planes were involved The carrier strikes occurred while Maj Gen Curtis E Lemays largest fleet of more than 500 Su perforts firebomber Nagoya on Honshu greatest aircraft production center Vice Adm Marc A Mitschers Planes struck buildings barracks and aviation installations at air dromes konojo in Sacki Kikuchi Oila JIiyan Ashiya Gan noshu Kofujl Usa Izumi Tach wrai Chiran Omura and Hitoy ;