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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 16, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HIST MEU 4 An T DEPT OF IOWA COMP DES MOlNES A THE THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH tOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MAY 16 1941 THIS PAFtn CONSISTS TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONI BRITISH BOMB GERMANS IN SYRIA by British as Wavell Launches New Drive Many Wars Were Fought in Uruguay EDITORS I aiiotlier of series of irUcIes written by Hall iltma Cily GlobeGazelle maturing editor h the course o u tour through Soulh America as one of A party of 1i guests of the Carnegie Endonmenl for International Peace I Number 58 By W EARL HALL PLATE ESTUARY NEAR1NG we approach the sixth of the South American countries to be visited by our Car negie group the class in geog raphy and history will come to or der please Uruguay only a little larger in I area than Iowa is the smallest of L the South American republics In population it is almost exactly the some as Iowa although it differs in the fact that a third of its popu lation centers in otic great city Montevideo the capital Roughly quadrangular in shape Uruguay lies to the north and east of Argentina and from a number of points of view belongs to thc Argentine Bacially economically topographically it closely resem bles its larger neighbor What Uruguay means I havent learned but it ought to have something todo with fighting for history ebin ern is timesis marked by warfare f Like Belgium in Europe Uru guay since its earliest attempted colonization in 1516 has played jthc role of buffer state First it the battle ground for tlie j Spaniards and the Portuguese Then it became the disputed territory for Brazil and Argen tina Once it was a part of Brazil Abater it was a part the conled Deration of provinces destined to hecome Argentina In thc 1820s and Argentina fought a war Uruguay on Argentinas side which ended in Uruguays cs an independent na jtion In this war British ships and British seamen played an impor iitant both sides Creation I of Uruguay as a buffer state was ja British suggestion Thus the presentday preponderance of sen timent for Britain is understand j From the beginning of Uru guays existence as an independent nation with the adoption of a institution in 1830 there seems jj6 have been a welldeveloped passion for free and democratic Numerous revolutions ind dictatorships have retarded k nl limes but always this ideal free government has been re iived As early as a ccn before the advent of eom had a party Called the Colorados which neans reds The rival party formed at that time the whites These are the designations of Uruguays dominant political parties The first 5 years of Uru independence was largely liivcn over to warfare with each 1 political party calling on aid Ifrom some more powerful nciph whcn confronted with rfc at home But in 1904 a strong and a Rond man Jose Bailie y Ordonez was elected president and Uruguay ncgan a of unbelievable dcvclop ncnl in all lines A system of justice was cstab rshed compulsory education was livoked a national university was Istablished social reforms a Ipund nature were made opera live universal suffrage for men women was introduced the lcret ballot came into use and fraudulent elections were ban i A constitution adopted by pie Siscitc in third in Uru aays for is even know OPEN BREAK IN RELATIONSWITH VICHY REACHED U S Is Considering Status of Frances Hemispheric Colonies WASHINGTON Thc United States except for the dip lomatic formalities reached an open break Friday with the Vichy tovernment of France Tile administration informed sources said is satisfied that the Petain regime has em braced a program of increasing partnership with Germany and henceforth must be considered in about the same category as the gternments of other nazi dominated nations in Europe The situation t m m e d i a t e I y thrust to the fore thc future status of French colonial pos sessions m the western hemis phere particularly Martinique in the Caribbean and French Guiana on the northeast coast of South America A high official singled out Martinique as one colony that was receiving special atten tion There was no inkling in gov ernment quarters as to just what action might be contemplated but administration spokesmen have repeatedly made clear that any attempt by a puppet government to use new the be considered a change of colcfrual sovereignty and hence a violation ot the Monroe doctrine The United States took Greenland under its protection as a precau tion against this following Ger man occupation of Denmark President Roosevell took the unusual step Thursday night of issuing an appeal o thc French people over he head of the Vichy srovernmcnl He called on them in effect to reject even yet any socalled collaboration which will in ily imply their alliance French Move Is Grim One for Britain By DEWITT MACKENZIE Foreign News Analyst Frances new move toward col laboration with her nazi conquer sensation boldly punctuated by the disclosure that Germany is occupying French mandated Syria and already using ils air dromes for operations against a grim devel opment for the allies It means more than lhat for Washington has labeled it as a potential menace to he western hemisphere President Roose velts appeal to the French peo ple over the head of the Vichy sovcrnment to reject collabora tion with nazidom clearly marks the gravity of the position While Marshal Petain French chief ot state Thursday an nounced extension of cooperation with nazidom there remains some question as to whether he actually approved of the use of Syrian territory by the Gemnns If he did so he abandoned one of his fore most of compelling Hitler to keep hands off the French colonies British Foreign Minister Anthony Eden Thursday charged that Pe tain apparently had indeed granted the nazis transit rights in Syria Should this prove o be true it will mean that a tired old man bowed by the weight of his 85 years finally has succumbed to German pressure which has been as unrelenting as the third degree Certain French quarters in Vichy say that Petain has made some concession in order to gain which theold gentleman has nude to preserve the integrity of his colonies might lend some sub i stance to that idea However the fact remains that strategically important Syria has gone by the board and is now a moving mountain to threaten the safety of lie allies in the near east If this is au indication thai Petain may grant similar privileges to Ihc nazis in Frances African posses Streams of Water Finally Check MillionDollar Blaze i BRITISH PROBE thesc still pouring water intu the roarhifr n 1 if Lcar lumber yard in Pa hourl after the blaze was first discovered The fire destroyed the block square yard causing aloss estimated by Hremeu at a million dol Ji1 through six nearby homes and ate into one bulldiue of Cramps shipyard FB I ihei the cause said therewas a sions if represents a thc utmost concern Duke of Hamilton and Duff Cooper Confer on Interview With Nazi LONDON The British in telligence service took a ham in the bizarre case of Rudolph Hess FHclav as government called a for analyzing siatc aines mcnts gleaned from Adolph Hil lers erstwhile deputy Avert GM Strike Few Hours Before Deadline for Walkout Peace Formula Offered by Mediation Board Is fundamental policy calls for the utter destruction of freedom The people of the United States he declared could hardly believe that the Vichy govern ment would enter an alliance which would apparently deliver up France and its colonial empire including French African col onies and their Atlantic coasts with the menace which that in volves to the peace and safety of the western hemisphere The unexpected pronounce ment from the while house fol lowed swiftly on the heels of the radio addressof Marshal Henri retain to the French people savins that collaboration ne gotiations had lighted hn path way to the future for France and that it was sip to the people to follow me without menial reservation Before President Roosevelt spoke out the government mani fested its abrupt withdrawal of cofidence in Vichy by ordering armed coast guardsmen aboard all French vessels including the lux ury liner ATormandie once the pride of Frances merchant fleet The reason for this action was not explained Coast guard of ficers said merely you can draw your own conclusions but other sources asserted that it was undoubtedly to protect Ihe a dozen or possible sabo tage such as crippled most of the recently seized axis vessels has feared ail along Should the marshal throw his colonies open to Hitler it would provide the Ger mans with eagerly sought bases for operations which would threaten the British control of the entire Mediterranean That would be an allied catsastrophe And if the nazis were able to procure the naval base of Dakar on the west coast of Africa they could strike heavily from there against he transAtlantic ship ping routes That would give Hitler another powerful link for the counter blockade with which he is tryinsr to strangle Britain If Petain really is succumbing to Hitlers onslaught then allied hope must turn in the direction of Gen eral Weygand commander of thc French colonial possessions Wey gand is Ietains man supported the chief through thick and thin However he has always stood for the wel fare of his country and there must be some question whether he would surrender privileges to the Germans under any circumstances Should it appear that the nazis are to be allowed to use the col onies as bases then it is difficult to see how Britain can refrain from strong measures to protect herself Already she has signified that she will carry the war to thc Germans in Syria and one would Accepted by Company Ky THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A threatened strike ugainst the i inrcuicnca siriKC ugamst the I ossible new developments iii i General Motors corporation holder 1C affair nf nnn the affair were foreshadow cd meanwhile by an early morning conference between Minister of Information Alfred Duff Cooper and thc Duke of Hamilton Scot tish nobleman through wlmm thc Germans assert Hess be lieved he could singlehandedly arrange peace with Britain The duke an RAF squadron leader arrived in London ofler midnight at the controls of an army plane after talking with Hess for a second time in the secret re treat where the German is guarded as closely as any prisoner of 5750000000 in defense con tracts was averted early Friday when the company accepted a na tional mediation board peace formula a few hours before the scheduled deadline for the walk out H The mediation board tenta tively scratched another labor dispute off its books with word of union acecptance of terms to settle a strike at the ExCellO corporation Detroit die and tool plant The General Motors settlement provided a flat wage increase of ever cnicrcd Ihe old lower of Lon 10 cnlsan hour for an estimated don I 250001 workers in R8 plants and After talking with Hamilton for fm hup union shop or and has I an hoilr Duff Cooper was reported ot state to avc paid hurried visit to Prime Minister Churchill The Duke ot Hamilton a pre war acquaintance of Hess was said to have been given leave irom his military duties to help m unraveling the case He carried a bulky dispatch case when he called on Duff Cooper Friday morning Official circles were silent on all aspects of he case apparently cue from Churchill who told commons Thursday that he would delay a statement until expect her to act to prevent nazi sucn timc it would be occupation of Frances other col Public interest s shop Under new contract to run oiic year from April 28 1841 Ihe com pany agreed not to lock out its employes and to give considera tion to seniority in making pro motions nnics and in particular against German scizure ot Dakar II wouldnt be strange to see One aspect of Mr Roosevelts another allied naval expedition ttatcnicnl that aroused partidar interest was his implication that Vichy was about to conclude an lliancc with Germariv two chambers of a magnificent legislative palace in Montevideo The population contains a predominance of Spaniards al though in the agricultural dis distinguished in Soulh American nomenclature from has been a tremendous inflow of Italians Uruguays economy is based If presentative democratic form of based bvernment divided into the three sub tronv Ch S imiliar climate is such as to Ifmiiiar branehesre ecu e climaU 8nd judicial The sys em I cherljc anrl s of an it checks and balances More binding than we StatcT is divided into IS dej assumin a wide range jps Sheep and cattle lead the ist in the livestock field and corn against this time in suf ficient force to carry out occu pation Meanwhile the battle of the eastern Mediterranean is boiling up with the Germans occupying Syria and using its airdromes as staging posts for the movement of troops by air to the aid of Iraq in its revolt against Britain Free dom in Syria has given Hitler exactly what he needed to gel ahead with his business in the near without challenging a Turkey which he doesnt want to fight Informed sources declared hiw evcr lhat Hess had proved a will ing talker and on several occasions had prolonged his conversations with officials despite a physicians recommendation that he rct Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITYPartly colldv cooler fair The corporation estimated the wage increases would add S50 000000 annually to its payroll The present average wage before the raise the management said was about SI nn hour The CIO United Automobile Workers originally had called a strike against 60 of the Gcn era Motors plants for 7 a m Tlmrsdav tlic union post poned the deadline for 21 hours at thc mediation boards rcnucst Nevertheless more than JSOOO GM employes walked out of plants at Flint and Saeinaw Mich resultthe union said of a iiiisundcrstanil iiJjr about thc postponement The agreement remained In be ratified by the union membership but CIOUAW leaders expressed confidence that would be done without delay Side by Side IN MASON CITY importance South Amcrl an export market BONDURANT P M E Fryc who operates an oil sta tion two miles northeast of here r ran for a concrete cuvr j t Minimum in niahl w A I O TI j rived at the culvert about the F rlday same lime Frvc said ami llicv sat side by side through Ihc storm Friday night Saturday Wiiller P Rcuther director nf JOWA Partly cloudy and cooler i le GM division of UAW culled Friday night Saturday fair lhc Srccment the greatest vic warmcr west tory for General Motors workers since the first contract was signed in 1937 and said the wage increase was the largest ever won in the automobile industry Although employes of the KvCclloO corporation at De troit voted to accept terms to end their 10day strike Ihe management had nnt agreed to the mediation boards suuRcstion and the time of reopening thc plant thus uncertain Terms the proposal were not Iis an hour The current uaee rale was nut made public Detroit however was experi encing other labor disputes Some 8500 CIOUAW members struck against thc Hudson Motor com pany asking 15 cents an hour in crease over iinrevcaled current wage scales Ten thousand AFL craftsmen in Detroit went out on a sympathy strike last Friday in support of 1500 lumber truckers who seek union recognition a a2 day week and wage increases Present day rates have not been announced There were labor roubles loo m San Francisco and far to the west of the Golden Gate at Pearl Harbor Hawaii Labor Sec retary Perkins denounced a strike of CIO auc AFL machinistswhich is holding up S50000000n worlli of naval construction in the Snn Francisco Bay ilea The machin ists seek n wasie incrciisc from si to SI13 an hour and retention or double pay for overtime1 There was a brief work stop page on construction projects at thc Prar Flarbor naval reserva tion Thursday but a union of ficial said it Mas defiiiileljnot a strike The demonstration appeared to have been held in an efforl to gain uniform wage and hour scales for all crafts All went back to work except 2SOplumbers ivho were es corted off the reservation by marines When flic plumbers laid down their lools marines escorled Ihem out of the navy yard and look away thch passcs The plumbers were wnrkiiiff ll hours a week for private contractors and were being S12S to SlSO an hour They wanted a to hour irk and uniform wages of SI50 an hour AlNew Haven Conn ihe Win chester Repeating Arms company granted all employes a 10 percent wage increase sborlly after employes in two departments had staged a short work stoppage The old wage scale was from 4r centi to SI20 an hour WASHINGTON dent Roosevelt injected Friday intoa discussion of Germanys declaration that the Bed sea will be a danger zone for foreign ships a reminder thai twicebe fore in history the United Slates had used her warships to protect lier commerce and ob tain freedom of the seas LONDON icfttiiraliy gave notice Friday night lhat all FRANCE ADMITS GERMANS GOING ACROSS SYRIA Heavy Reinforcements of British Arrive in Iraq and Palestine Ky THE ASSOCIATED PRESS German lanks and bombers escorted by French fighting planes were reported moving across Frenchmandated Syr ia toward the ancient Gar den of Eden kingdom of Irari Friday as Frances role in the war stirred grave re percussions in both London and Washington D C British middle cast head iiuurters announced that RAF warplanes attacked the Ger man aerial invaders Thurs day in a series of raids in Syria iutludiinj Damascus Kayak and Palmyra where some of the principal airports are situated Nazi troop transports as well as giant bombers were said to have arrived in the r reachmled colony Countering the axis threat British reinforcements were repovted to have arrived in both Iraqarid Dispatches from Beirut Leb anon told of new sparks which may spread the conflict still fur stiff protest by the Iraq government to Emir Abdullah of I ramJordan a g a i n s t asserted hostile thrusts by TransJordan forces alonj the Iraq frontier TransJordan which borders and Palestine is i n utl till j Miii niiu IS areas of the eastern Mediterranean I Biiardcd by strong British forced except Turkish territorial waters have been declared dangerous to shipping which was interpreted to mean they had been mined against passage of German seaborne troops and supplies to Syria Previously the area declared dangerous s a extended only as far as a line from uas El Kanais in Egypt about 100 miles west of Alexandria to Cape Khelidonla in Turkey BEIRUT Syria of ficial communique admitted Fri day that German planes arc crossing Syria in transit and it was reported that nazi airmen are passing through the coun try cnroutc to Iraq WASHINGTON t7PThe sen ate approved Friday an amended house bill giving ihe office of pro duction mannficmeiit broad statu tory control over the disposition ol raw materials and military equipment BERLIN ships attempted to approach the Ger manoccupied channel coast Friday but were fired on by German naval artillery anil forced fo turn off authorized sources said Friday HJJ under Sir Henry Ifaitland Wilson aBiirfad government de severe if the clared thai swift and measure would be taken e frontier incidents were not halted Musicians Returning From St Paul at A M Saturday The sicnil Milwaukee train c Ir newspapers flared with headlines reporting that soviet Russia disposed to lend help and lhat Russian volunteers were joining the Iraq air force to help fight against Britain On the North African war front the German high command ac knowledged that British tanks had stormed bick into the key frontier post of Salum just inside kgypt which has been the scene ot Fierce fighting for weeks A nazi communique alsi imlod that slninjf British forces advanced an Fort Capuzzo acrnss the huriicr in Libya This would indicate a serious setback to the axis drive toward the Suez canal which only a few clays ago had knifed 45 miles into Egypt Except for diplomatic formali ties informed quarters said the United States has reached an open break with the French govern ment of Chief of Staff Philippe Petain gr year old hero of Ver dun MINNESOTA Generally fair cooler with scattered light frosts i cast not quite so coo Red River I Valley Friday night Saturday partly cloudy warmer west statistics 7 YEAR AGO Minimum W Earl Hall Talks to Des Moines C of C DBS MOINES Earl Hall managingeditor of thc Ma son City GlobeGazette who re turned recently from a nine weeks tour of South America addressed a Des Moines Chamber of Com merce noon luncheon Friday Hall i Very the a member of the state board f 1 viewer education and a former state link commander of thc American Lc Do vou I link vu I 8ionmade the tour as a gucsl of placed i cls son hotel in In London the British ern mcm ws reported to have sol emnly warned France against further collaboration with Gcr City high school i view of de i ngn scnool vclopmcim in the middle cast Renters British news agency Wiotcd a dispatch from Cairo that German occupation of Syria had begun with nazi lanks war materials and planes crossing thc French mandated nation in the direction of Iraq apparently in response to an appeal by Iraqs premier who power early in April in Minneapolis and a coup dclal by bus Twenty big Ionsrange nazi to have i rying the MJISU j students back home from thena I tional musiccontest at St Paul j will arrive in Mason City at jo clock Saturday morning Prin cipal James Rac reported Friday noon So crowded was St Paul with I onssinjr thc French mandated tnc more than 9000 high school musicians Mr Rae said that thu Mason City and Iowa City boys bar to be quartered at the Radis thc st Pnl inc bt Paul hotel in accordance with previous arrangement Indian Signs Draft Has Artificial Feet ALBUQUERQUE MA Pucb Iq Indian seeking aid in filling out his questionnaire told thc draft board he e umder t Damascus and an un specified number of transport planes at Kayak airdrome SO miles from Beirut Other German advance parlies of propagandists and reported to have landed in Iraq Thursday antl it appeared evident that Adolf Hitlciwas drawing his battle Ijnes for a major campaign in Asia Mi 1 j i vi macic me tour as auet of clnscd but he union had sought the Carnegie Endowment for In a baslc ware mcrcasc of 10 cents leinationalI peace No wns thc I two artificial feet Authorized quarters in London confidence that the Iraq be situation can and will be handled ail right but the British govern was known to be deeply concerned over Frances attitude ;