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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 15, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME PART ME NT OF r HISTORY AN9 ARCHIVES DES WO I WE 3 A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LII Associated Prwa and United Frets Full leased Wires Five Cents a Copy SIASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MAY 15 ISiS This Paper coniUU of Two i ll h J j l RECESS COAL PARLEY INDEFINITELY BYRNES WANTS GERMANY PACT PARLEY NOV 12 Asks Representatives to Begin Drafting Treaty for Conference Fans S Secretary of State Byrnes proposed to the for eign ministers council Wednesday that a peace conference be called Nov 12 to draft a peace treaty for Germany an American informant said In a session completely taken up with discussion of critical Ger man problems Byrnes proposed that representatives of Britain Russia France and the United States start meeting immediately to draw up a treaty draft for Ger many which the foreign ministers could present to the peace confer ence the informant said If the date of Nov 12 is adopted the peace conference would convene on the 25th anni versary of the opening session the 1921 Washington disarma ment conference and 23 years and a day after the 1918 armistice Byrnes was reported to have proposed that the foreign minis ters representatives first report on the economic status of Ger many to the foreign ministers council at their next meeting pos sibly June 15 Byrnes 3 colleagues the for eign ministers of Russia France and Britain said they wanted to study the proposal before com milling themselves The 3 hour meeting Wednes day began with Georges Bidault French foreign minister present ing Frances demand for complete separation of the Ruhr and Rhine land from Germany and for French control of the Saar t Referringto thenumber of times France had to Alight Germany Bidault said economic measures to control these terri tories were not enough that there must bepolitical separation Meantime sources close to the Russian delegation predicted Wed nesday that Soviet Foreign Min ister V M Molotov would agree to a V S proposal to summon a 21nation peace conference in Jnly following another fourpow er conference next month These sources expressed belief that while Molotov would accede to 3 of the 4 suggestions made Tuesday night by Secretary of State Byrnes he definitely would not agree to place the Austrian treaty on the agenda for a sug gested big four foreign ministers session June 15 It appeared that the current conference might wind up its work Thursday without basic agreement on peace treaties The Sacred Cow President Trumans personal plane already was re ported on its way to Paris to re COAL PRODUCED STEEL PRODUCED Confine Draft to 2025 Group RUHR PROBLEM FACES many per plexing problems confront the Foreign Ministers conference in Parts one of the most diffi cult is the German still to fce faced This involves French demands for political separation from Germany of the Ruhr the Rhineland and the Saar The British are vigorously opposed to the separation of these areas which were centers of prewar Germanys heavy industries At top is a closcup of the Ruhr section On small map at right 1 indicates Ktthr and the Saar section with the Rhineland between Inter national turn Byrnes and the U S dele gation to Washington The last item on the agenda for the present conference was sched uled to be Frances demand for political detachment of the Ruhr the Saar and the Rhineland from western Germany This was ex pected to occupy the council until Thursday Dwindling Wheat Supplies May Cause Output Holiday Washington wheat supplies at the mills threatened Wednesday to force a 6week holiday in the output of flour for domestic consumption This possibility arose as the house agriculture committee an nounced a comprehensive investigation of both the domestic and wprld food situations with the first session set Thursday Chairman Flannagan D Va said if evidence warranted the Continue Period Whisky Rationing Des Moines or quart of whisky will be available at state liquor stores for each per mit holder during the period of May 20 to June 9 the state liquor commission day announced Wednes This means that the period sys tern and onebottle limit which j has been in effect since March 1 3 will be continued j Weather Report jj FORECAST i Mason City Clearing and cooler Wednesday night with possible j scattered light frost Thursday partly cloudy and somewhat f warmer Iowa Clearing and cooler Wed nesday night frost north portion partly cloudy warmer north west and extreme west portions Minnesota Fair and cool Wednes day Frost and freezing tempera ture north and scattered frost south Thursday partly cloudy Warmer west IN MASON CJTY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Wednesday Precipitation committee also would consider necessity for renewed food ration ing Most lawmakers however ap parently remained unconvinced that there is need for restoring such controls at this time The flour situation shaped up this way On May 1 mills were required to cut their stocks to a 21day supply Few if any have been able to obtain wheat in the meantime because the government is offer ing farmers a bonus of 30 cents a bushel above the ceiling which is the top legitimate price millers may offer And the 1915 wheat will not start moving to i market until July j Some mills already have shut down a survey Tuesday night indicated many others either will close or curtail operations sharply This prospect posed 2 problems for the government Will flour stocks on hand be sufficient to supply consumers until the new wheat crop becomes avail able 2 Should the government di vert some of the faminerelief wheat it is buying to American mills in order to keep them oper ating until the new harvest Secretary of Agriculture An derson is known to be studying these problems Chester C Davis chairman of President Trumans famine emergency committee told an interviewer that he believes supplies of flour now in distribu tion channels will be sufficient to meet domestic needs on the basis of consumption recommendations of his committee until new wheat becomes available Davis warmly approved a pro per Wed gram announced by Anderson scattered Tuesday for controlling the use Thursday an3 distribution of the 1946 wheat crop That program calls for con tinued limitations on domestic consumption of wheat products by both humans and livestock as well as government requisitioning of 250000000 bushels from com mercial supplies to meet overseas needs HERSHEY HOLDS INDUCTIONS TO UNDER 26 MEN Crippled Draft Law Bans Induction of Dads and TeenAgers Washington men 26 through 29 years old cams back into the draft picture Wed nesday as President Trumans choice of the lesser of 2 evils kept selective service legally alive but crippled For the moment however only men 20 to 25 will be inducted air Truman chose Tuesday night lo sign A 45 day stopgap extension of the draft with an outright ban on inductions of either fathers or teenage youths lhan let the act expire at midnight The chief executive affixed his signature just 4 hours before the deadline Less than 2 hours earlier the senate rammed through the extender after Sen ator Langer R N Dak aban doned his threat to talk selective service to death Langer had hek the floor 4 hours as he talked against peacetime conscription Draft Director Lewis B Hershey immediately wired local boards to confine inductions to men in the under26 group but army offi cials in a position to know sail this will have to be changed At draft headquarters spokes men took the position that it i up to the army to take any step to raise the top limit These spokesmen said that nn der the new setup selective scrv Ice has a pool of only about 59000 20 through 25 from which to meet monthly calls They estimated that of these perhaps 50 per cent may be physically un fit Raising of the limit to include men 26 27 28 and 29 would pro vide only an additional 13000 registrants for possible induction they added Mr Truman left no doubt that he was displeased with the way the draft extension was brought about His press secretary Charles G Ross used the lesser of 2 evils description in telling re porters the president regarded the topgap measure as a bad bill Ross added The president doesnt lite it at all but feels as some of his offi cials do that it will be belter to sign It than have confusion that will result from failure to Disclose German Massacre of 200 GIs Washington war crimes section of the war depart ment revealed Wednesday that 200 American GI prisoners of war were massacred by nazi storm troopers on the day before Christ mas in 1944 at Lagleize Belgium during the Battle of the Bulge A spokesman said the massacre was the wars worst crime against jnerican prisoners held by the Germans It apparently took place ust before American troops re Jntured Lagteize War crimes investigators he aid procured confessions from he perpetrators and statements from witnesses The guilty now re in custody he said The slayings took place about 10 miles from Jvlalmedy where 76 American prisoners of war were murdered by nazi storm troopers The rial of 74 members of the Gth panzer army charged with the Malmedy atrocity is scheduled to open Wednesday in Germany The spokesman said ihe same unit in volved in the Malmedy case is implicated in the Ladcize slaugh ter Evidence in the Lagleize affair is expected to be brought out at the current trial The first hint of the Lagleize massacre came from wounded German prisoners seized in a Lagleize castle They revealed that the 200 American prisoners had been held in a building near the castle They said the prisoners later disappeared Two German army privates told investigators they believed that the SS panzer unit under the no torious Col Peiper ordered an ar tillery bombardment of the build ing where the prisoners were con fined Col Peiper is alleged to have ordered he Malmedy mas sacre Military government forces im mediately started an investigation which the spokesman said result ed in the confessions of the perpe trators Russian Told U S Does Not Favor Communism in Japan Tokyo Russias delegate to the 4power control coun cil was informed Wednesday by Gen Douglas MacArthurs persona representative that the United States does not favor either at home or in Japan George Afcheson Jr UlacArlhurs council spokesman empha sized however that the communist party enjoyed the same rights in Japan as other political groups Council members were discussing an anonymous note protesting various allied policies when eson looked straight across the table at Lt Gen Kuzma Derev yanko and said It seems to me patent that it SENTENCED FOR the note constitutes essentially an attack upon the present Japa nese government As that govern ment has resigned and is carrying on only pending formation of a new government the attack seems pointless and the document ac cordingly seems merely to be an attempt to spread communistic propaganda I dont need to tell you he said that the United States does not favor in he United States or Japan Atcheson said he believed the control council should direct its activities toward the democratiza ion of Japan It is not consistent with our clear duty in that respect for any council member to give support in lublic meetings of the or any one Japanese wlitieal party he declared Atcheson said translators had nformed him the letter in ques tion had been written by persons other than Japanese and that il lad not been signed with a chop in accordance with Japanese cus iinue a legislative support armed force inductions con fer Drafting in Iowa Almost OPA VIOLATION at Standstill torn Derevyanko suggested earlier that former Japanese army offi cers might be creating an under ground organization while thei are working on cooperafive farms which once were airfields He said the Japanese could pos sibly be receiving orders from some central headquarters inter ested in perpetuating Japanes militarism American intelligence officers however said their investigations had revealed no such undergroun movement and that all forme Japanese officers were bein watched closely Ackley Man to Prison i on Auto Sales Charge Waterloo alleged vio ation of OPA price ceilings wrought a sentence of 6 months imprisonment to Clifford Hayes 54 of Ackley when he pleaded guilty in the federal district court nere Tuesday afternoon Hayes was charged with hav ing sold an automobile last fall for 5194467 when ceillnf price was S72440 a second similar charge was dismissed The court also heard motions relative to suit for against the Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea company growing out of burns received by a Dubuque boy while playing near a bonfire in Ihe rear of a store there Counsel for the company argued that certain allegations should be struck including claims for ex emplary or punitive damages claims for such things as mental pain and anguish by the parents and references to violation of a Dubuque fire ordinance Ruling on these motions will be handed down at a later date Strikes At a Glance YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 77 43 44 101 43 34 By UNITED PRESS All but 52000 of 400000 striking coal miners were back at their jobs Wednesday under a 2week truce arrangement but other strikes and shutdowns kept approximately 150000 workers idie The major disputes again deadlocked on the controversial wel fare fund issue with little prospects of reaching an agreement Wed nesday the deadline set by President Truman for a new contract and management representatives resumed ne gotiations after President Truman intervened personally in an at tempt to avert a strike scheduled for Saturday Los Angeles transit tieup moved into its 12th day with no sign of settlement CIO Longshoremens union went into executivi session to decide whether to accept a 22ecnt hourly raise recom mended by a federal factfindine board Des Moines servj ce has been brought almost com pletely to a halt in Iowa with lassage of the houseamended se ective service act The act signed Tuesday night by President Truman included amendments prohibiting induction of fathers and of youths 18 and 19 years old Except for some men deferred n agriculture there are practlcal y no lowans 20 or over who havent been called Col Ralph Lancaster assistant state se lective service director said add ine we stopped tahinp fathers quite a while ago Vernon Dennam chairman of a ojk county draft board said there would be no one eligible for hduction in Des Homes with the teen age amendment Brig Gen Charles H Grahl owa selective service director who returned Wednesday from a conference of state draft officials in Washington said a telegram from national headquarters di rected that no more 18 and 19 yearolds be sent for proinduc tion physical examinations or be inducted The instructions also halted ac tion on conscientious objectors o those ages and stopped induction of Fathers and registrants over 26 The result is that all we can do is comb the list of farm defer ments Grahl said The Washington meeting wen into matters of handling draft rec ords liquidation of selective serv ice when and if it comes and re employment of veterans Selec live service has the responsibility giving aid to veterans seekin reemployment and Grahl sai all states reported good success in this Williamsbure R Wai ace 78 Williamsburg farmer led Tuesday He had beenan of icer in The average human brain is 3 times the size of an average gor Farm Leader Dies Progress Is Reported for Rail Parley Washington spokesman or the nations railroads reported some progress Wednesday in r a i 1 w a yunion negotiations to avert a threatened nationwide rail strike this weekend He declined however to elab orate on the developments at meeting1 between representatives of railway management and officials of the 2 unions involved They are the Brotherhood of Railway Train men and the Brotherhood of Lo comotive Engineers Railroad management and labor union leaders resumed the bar iaining sessions Tuesday night at the request of President Truman who earlier conferred with them separately at the white house Mr Truman asked them to re port on their progress by Friday 24 hours before the strike dead line set by the trainmen and en about enough time for the government to seize the railroads to keep them operating if the parties fail to reach an agreement Both sides hoped to reach at least an agreement in principle on the main first major changes In train operating rules in 27 years The 5 operating brotherhoods demanded 44 rules changes and the companies have countered with 15 of their own The Brother hood Railroad Trainmen and Brotherhood of Locomotive Engi neers have notified the 250000 members to stop work at 3 p m CST Saturday if their demands are not met Man Captured After Oskaloosa Jail Break Oskaloosa Carru thers 23 who Was sentenced Monday to not more than 25 years in the state penitentiary had only a few minutes freedom Tuesday in his attempted escape from the Ma haska county jail Carruthers was captured on a roof a few minutes after he had pushed aside Mrs Dwight H Ma teer wife of the sheriff and run out of the jail Mrs Mateer said le fled when she opened a jail door to deliver a package to an other prisoner After pleading guilty to D charge of robbery with aggravation Car ruthers had been sentenced to the penitentiary and will be taken there CHURCHMEN FOR U S FOOD PUN Episcopal Diocese to Support Rationing Waterloo Iowa dio cesa of the Episcopal church was on record Wednesday as approv ing whatever steps the federal government may take to conserve the reestablish ment of rationing The action was taken Tucsdaj by ministers and delegates from 41 of the denominations loiva churches and missions The res olutions also favored one famine meal a week for Iowa families if that will help solve the food problem The delegates also voted that some decisive action be taken at the churchs general convention whereby the Presbyterian church unite with the Episcopal church The Right Rev Elwood L Hains bishop of Iowa who pre sided as the church opened its 94th annual state convention said the 541 persons confirmed in 45 of the 63 Iowa churches during the last year was the largest num ber confirmed since 1934 In Van elected chancellor of the diocese Other new officers are Clarence OPERATORSSAY NO TO LEWIS WELFARE LEVY Conciliator McGrady Claims Recess Not Negotiation Collapse Washington fl The govern ment recessed the soft coal ne gotiations indefinitely Wednes day after operators flatly rejected John L Lewis demand for a 7 per cent payroll levy for a min ers welfare fund Government Conciliator Edward F McGrady said however he would not term the discontinu ance of the meetings a collapse in negotiations McGrady said he and Special Conciliator Paul W Fuller pro posed the indefinite recess and that both sides agreed to return at their call Just before the recess Recon version Director John W Snyder reported that President Truman will use every possibly action within his pover to prevent a re newal of the strike Snydcrs statement which was ot amplified was contained hi n agriculture department an oiinccment ou the effects another trike would have on food pro duction Most of the miners are now at work under a 2 weeks ruce which began Monday Secretary of Agriculture Ander on told Snyder he considered the effect of coal shortages on ood alone a national calamity and said a further shutdown would imperil not only famine relief shipments but domestic supplies as well Andersons report to Snyder was released shortly after the bitum inous operators flatly rejected as a hew social theory the United Mine Workers proposal for a 7 per cent payroll levy on the opr erators to finance a miners wel fare fund Anderson said most the na tions food industries would be close to a standstill within a few days the strike should be re sumed While the operators did turn down the idea of a fund their action seemingly erased any a business session Horace Metre Waterloo was M Cochrane trar and the Davenport regis Very Rev Dean members of each oman crew and Rev George D halt every train except those haul Clark Davenport was reelected ing troops hospitalized veterans Iowa County Farm diocese treasurer 3ureau for 23 years possibility of a permanent settle ment of the coal dispute by night fall as President Truman asked Lewis has served notice that he will not negotiate a new contract or later unless he gets the fund which he proposes to put under the exclusive control of the United Mine Workers As a counterproposal to Lewis proposition the operators sug gested the possibility of setting up a jointlyfinanced fund for hard ship cases under the administra tion of an independent agency such as the Red Cross The contract negotiations re cessed for 3 hours immediately after the operators presented their statement Lewis and other UMW representatives remained behind for a short time to talk with gov ernment conciliators Asked for comment as he left the conference room Lewis replied As follows It seems that for a coal miner there is no balm In Gilead Goxernment Conciliator Edward F McGrady said he had proposed the recess but that he saw no danger of an immediate breakup of negotiations or of Lewis walk ing out of the contract confer ences Lewis and Charles ONeill of ficial spokesman for the operators were due to report to President Truman during the afternoon White House Press Secretary Charles G Ross told reporters no definite time had been set The operators negotiating com mittee saifl in replying the United Mine Workers that Lewis proposal presented a neiv social theory and philosophy the effect of which would extend to every industry in America and as such must be considered and acted upon as a national problem and not as one relating to the coal In dustry alone The committee said the problem was one to be considered by pub lic legislative bodies EPISCOPALIANS IN ministers participate in a reces sional at Christ church at Waterloo where they took part in corporate holy communion during the 94th annual convention of the Iowa diocese Wednesday mornhrig From left to right are Bishop Elwood L Haines Davenport the Rev Charles Edwards Decorah the Rev W C T Haughtery Waverly the Rev George Clark Davenport the Rev George Weiser Fort Madison the Rev Glenn Savrden Burlington the Rev Dale Cos and Spnncor and the Rev Dominic A Loferski Cedar Rapids AP Wirephoto SENATE GROUP VOTES CONTROL Washington senate banking committee voted Wednes day to extend the life of the price control law a full year beyond the June 30 expiration date The house previously had voted only a 9 months extension and had hedged its approval with numer ous restrictions Senator Barkley DKy said the vote for the years extension was about 11 to 5 Earlier the committee had rejected 10 to 7 a motion by Senator Butler R iNebr for 3 9 months extension ;