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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 15, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY tut ARCHIVES WOINC S THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PBESS AND UNITED PRESS rUli LEASID WISES MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MAY 15 1943 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHIOftS THIS PAPER CONSISTS or TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 187 YANKS MAKE FIRE RAID ON EMDEN Radio Indicates US Success on TOKYO BERLIN HINT LOSS TO BE ADMITTED SOON Barrage of Blows on Jap Positions Looked lor by Strategists By THE UNITED PRESS American success in heavy fighting on the westerly Aleutian island ot Altu was indicated in axis broadcasts Saturday Both Tokyo and Berlin radio re ports gave the impression that the Japanese were preparing to ac knowledge the loss of Attu island although there was still nothing from American official sources to confirm it x ff Radio Tokyo said the American troops greatly outnumber the small number of Jap occupation forces on Attu and are engaged in fierce and heavy fighting The broadcast said it was difficult to understand why the Americans wanted Attu except for prestige the island would blockade the Japanese base at Kiska and put northern Japa nese islands within bombing range of American planes Berlin radio quoted dispatches from Tokyo saying that the Japa nese would not be shaken if they suffered setbacks at the front In a typical axis propaganda gesture of preparing the home front for bad news Japans former War Minister Gen Sadao Araki was quoted by the Berlin radjo as declaring that setbacks there Attu and at home will only in crease our strength General Araki asserted that whatever happened in the Aleu tians battle in no wise could atv fect the will to victory and cer tainty of victory of the Japanese people Imperial Tokyo headquarters itself had previously characterized the Americans as crack troops Barrage of Blows on Japs Predicted WASHINGTON M The be ginning of a barrage of blows against major Japanese positions throughout the Pacific was seen by some strategists here Saturday in the American drive to wipe out enemy forces in the western Aleu tians starting with Attu island And the belief that subsequent stabs soon may strike at south western southern and central Pacific strongholds of the enemys ocean empire seemed at least partly borne out by conferences between Gen Douglas MacArthur com mander in Australia and the southwestern Pacific area and Admiral William F Halscy Jr commander in the southern Pa cific on the Pacific situ ation by choice of high officials sitting in on the conferences here of President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill opinion of quali fied authorities that no major Pacific move would have been started unless joint armynavy air power was set to continue the offensive series all along the line While reports of the MacAr thurHalsey meeting were couched TIME FOR WASHINGAfter a couple of busy days cleaningup the remnants of the axis In their sector of the Tunisian front Americansoldiers take thdr jeeps ami n 11 trailers clown to the Bizerte waterfront and do a little cleaning up of their own em ment above Wreckage of the buildings in background was caused by heavy allied bomb ings before occupation of the city U S signal corps radiotelcphoto in the most general terms au thorities stressed that they were held at a time when American po sitions in both areas have reached the point where joint armynavy air operations of the most complex sort are required for further of fensive actions Secretarof the Navy Knox macle it clear Friday that jusi such joint action made possible the amphibious attack on Attu last Tuesday Army troops were put ashore from transports guarded by warships and their success in land fighting on the island itself depended on the navys ability to keep supplies and reinforcements moving in As the Attu battle moved into its fourth day Knox said It is very satisfactorily From informed authorities goinst other the opinion that the admirals and generals on the island must have struck with a force sufficient to assure a complete and smashing victory This optimistic prospect in creased the tone of confidence already injected into the Roose veltChurchill conferences by the tremendous allied triumph in North Africa At he same time it gave fresh support o speculation that prosecution of the Pacific war will not be al lowed to Jay because of the con centration of major forces in the European theater 3f If The alticlc on Attu requiring many ships and thousands ol men was regarded as conclusive evidence that ships and men are available in great numbers tor of fensive action against the Japa nese since for such an objective the American command could not afford to weaken positions elsewhere along the 5000mile battle line The island battle was unques tionably bitter with weather and terrain aiding a tenacious foe in opposing a successful landing and subsequent push inland Aleutians weather is characterized by vio lenfshifting winds and fog rain and snow Sharp Attack on Leningrad Reported by Russian Paper Chains of Germans JAPS PAY HEAVY COST FOR RAIDS Large Scale Attacks Have Proved Expensive ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN AUSTHALIA fp Japan has paid the staggering price of 125 planes shot down or badly dam aged out of slightly more than 300 risked in large scale raids in the southwest Pacific since April On that date the enemy air force opened an erratic outburst of mass attacks by sending 45 planes against Oro bay New Guinea losing 23 Friday 45 more planes attacked thai same allied base 50 miles below Buna on the Papuan peninsula Satur days communique reported that 16 planes were shot down for certain and six others probably destroyed In between those dates the Japanese struck with 105 planes Moresby sent up on April 12 at Port New Guinea losing 37 L wards ot 100 planes against Milne bay New Guinea on April 14 losing 30 and 51 planes against a Darwin Australia air drome May 2 losing 13 The enemys losses exceed 35 per cent of the planes above the allied formula that a raid on axiscontrolled Europe is a success if losses arc under 10 per cent In the southwestern Pacific theater allied losses re ported for similar raids have been far under the 10 per cent formula Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette earner boy After Artillery Barrage By EDDV G1IU1ORE MOSCOW sharp new German attack on Leningrad in an assault preceded by a heavy artillery barrage was reported Saturday by Red Star official army newspaper in dispatches from liie front Following the heavy barrage German infantry advanced to ward the city in what the dis patch described as chains of men Russian troops met the attack with heavy fire that resulted in heavy losses but the Germans continued to attack the newspa per said The Germans made seven ad ditional attacks in a single day attempting to breach Russian lines in the Leningrad area Red Star said breaking through fo fortifications at one point The Russians rushed reinforcements to the area however the news paper said and the enemy group was exterminated It was too early tn say whether this was the bcKiiminjr of anything important in the way of a German offensive but it was indicated considerable German power has been massed along the Leningrad front and that the invading army was able to strike hard In the Kuban the red army continued its intensive artillery bombardment of G e r in a nhcld Novorossisk but there was little other action The German communique broadcast from Berlin and re corded by the Associated Press said German attacks broke soviet positions and destroyed one enemy fighting group in he Kuban area artillery of the armv command south of Lake Ladog and at Leningrad continued ef fcclivc shelling of railway tar gets and industrial plants soldiers in local through several The furious war continued machinegunning railway lines stations behind the German lines Night after night soviet airmen have been pound ing junctions but trains moving up tremendous quantities of sup plies for the German soldiers con tinue to orrive The flow of material lias been at The Russians savage aerial at tacks on German transportation and communications matched the swelling British and American onslaught in the west Arrest 552 on Charges of Evading Draft WASHINGTON O Special igents arrested 552 men in 19 itios Friday on draft law charges Director J Edgar Hoover ot the federal bureau of investigation announced Saturday in one ot the busiest days in the bureaus his tory Hoover said that no mass or dragnet tactics were used but that the arrests were results ot painstaking in vestigations to locate individuals who had become delinquent with their local boards for various rea sons such as failure to report for physical examination and induc tion lailure to return question naires not notifying their draft boards of changes of address and other delinquencies Hoover saic that 137 were ar rested in New York City and 81 in San Francisco These figures were reported for other cities Detroit 37 Baltimore 33 Lus Angeles 43 Birmingham 23 Cin cinnati 22 New Orleans 22 Chi cago 19 Boston ID Newark IB St Louis 18 Philadelphia 16 Charlotte N Car 15 Jackson Miss 10 Houston Tex 8 Seat tle 8 Cleveland 7 Washington fi Miami 5 The FBI has inquired into more than 200000 complaints under the selective service law Hoover said and has located and made available to the armed forces 86 543 men In addition convictions have been obtained against 4002 wilful violators and sentences aggregating 8724 years in prison have imposed NO SPECIAL DRIVE MADE Of IOWA DES MOINES L Dai ton special agent in charge of the federal bureau of Investigations Iowa office said Saturday there had been no special drive against draft violntop in the state Friday FBI men in Iowa handled the normal number ot draft violation cases as a matter of routine and there were some arrests Dalton said without disclosing the num ber PLANES IN TUNISIA BATTLE Mediterranean Route Again Open to Allied Shipper Tedder Says ALLIED HEADQUARTERS NORTH AFRICA Chief Marshal Sir Arthur W Tedder commander of allied air forces in North Africa said Saturday that the Mediterranean sea route was Tug of War A FLYING FORTRESS BASE SOMEWHERE IN ENGLAND UR boys featured in this story arc so burned up about it that they wont permit the use ot their names They wore a navigator and bombardier in a fortress with the additional jobs of manning the pair of guns in the nose During Fridays raid on Kiel both ran out of ammunition at the same time Keeping their eyes glued on the oncoming fighters they reached for the floor and grabbed a new ammunition belt Both were firing away hard when both guns taneously N Then they discovered they had i paigu picked up opposite Lnds of Hie same ammunition bell CAPTURED 575 Rome Bombed Uni IUllLU J By VIRGIL P1NKLEY AT I T f TL1A I n run ri me ivieaiierranean sea route was IAIK anci other sh virtually open again to allied ship The docks and industrial are Ping and thai the luftwaffc will nc were damaged and t be the first German military arm enemy aircraft destroyed to crack up completely A total of 525 axis planes have been captured in Tunisia and many of the captured plants were in excellent condition lie said Air Minister Sir Archibald Sinclair reviewing the North Afri can campaign in a speech at Ncw castleonTyne said axis planes were destroyed between the time of the allied landings and the end ot last week The allies lost Ii57 in the same period The lufrwaffc was completely knocked out in North Africa and morale ot German pilots is bad Tedder said The Germans rushed in every thing they had in the air to try to avert defeat he continued We flatter the him too much he said He uses the air badly He doesnt understand the air as a Asked about the Italian Tedder said The poor wop Hes in a bad way too Convoys now can pass through the Sicilian straits saving more than 5000 miles for allied ships cnroute to and from the east although there may be losses Tedder said We cant guarantee there wont be losses but the terranean is open o us again he said referring to the clear ing of the axis from North Africa where allied planes can now be based to protect con voys Tedder said that the German air force was completely knocked out in North Africa There are growing signs the Hun is really pinched hard he said The morale of German pilots has dropped greatly The luftwaffc will be the first Ger man military arm to crack up completely He listed the planes captured as 250 around El Aouina 90 near Bizerte and Sidi Ahmed and 180 on Cap Bon peninsula Tedder commanded the allied anforces in the Tunisian cam 20 British Sailors in Philadelphia Are Anxious to Work Land PHILADELPHIA land ho for 20 British sailors Stationed here temporarily they volunteered to do farm work under a crop corps program ot the junior chamber of commerce Some were so anxious to get back to the land that they offered to pay their own expenses Report Von Arnim Being Taken to Great Britain urday that eight German and two Italian generals including Col Gen Jurgen von A mini who commanded the defeated axis armies in Tunisia arrived at Gi braltar Friday night enroute to Great Britain as prisoners Girl 19 Admits She Sf Has Sailor and Two n Soldiers for oiiv pieaucu cj Buy War havings Bonds and amy charges Friday Stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy PHOENIX Ariz pjRuby Elizabeth Gaines 19 will serve a one to two year term in the state prison She pleaded guilty to big amy charges Friday admitting she had three husbands a sailor and two soldiers AGAINST USED OAK CEILING DES MOINES Ray Cham be r I a i n Washington executive vice president of the National Au tomobile Dealers association told members of the Iowa Dealers as socation meeting here Thurs day that establishment of a price ceiling upon used cars would re trade in a black market in the Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Showers moder ately heavy at times and occa sional thunderstorms Saturday afternoon Saturday night an Sunday forenoon Not muc change in temperature Fresh to moderately strong winds change in temperature Model atcly strong winds MINNESOTA Light rain Satur day night and east portion Sun day forenoon No decided change in temperature fresh to mod erately strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 64 Minimum Friday night 44 At 8 a m Saturday 45 Rain tip to 8 a m 39 inch YEAR AGO Maximum vj Minimum 36 After 8 a m Saturday 53 of an inch of rain fell making a total ot 92 or practically an inch for Sat urday Miles From ALLIED HEADQUARTERS Morth1 Africa tly ng fortresses made a heavy at aek on Civitavecchia cent rat Italian seaport 38 miles northwest of Home and other bombers lided Sardinian bases the allied igh command announced Satur day as the allies pressed a series hammering blows against the southern fringe of axis Europe The fpurengined bombers scored direct hits on several ships in the Civitavecchia har bor on fuel storage facilities and on an ammunition dump which exploded Medium bombers raided the Sardinian port of Olbia sinking three ships and seriously damag large tanker and other ships area ol three Fighter bombers attacked north ern Sardinia bombing the air Held and port of Alghero and the harbor at Porto Torres Railroad points in that area also wore at tacked Wellington bombers made heavy attack on the southern Sardinia port of Cagliari causing heavy explosions These aerial bombardments bi planes based in Tunisia followed a 50hour period ot recordbreak ing attacks on northern Europe by allied bombers from bases in Brit ain and by Russian planes Planes of the middle east command ham mered Italian and Sicilian cilics It was revealed that more than 4000 tons of bombs were dropped in 14 raids on Europe At the same time the com munique pointed out that allied naval forces in Tunisian waters had sunk 10 enemy ships in cluding an Italian destroyer and numerous small craft be tween April 3 and May 12 when all chance of an axis Dunkirk escape from Africa was broken up At least 490 axis soldiers attempting to es cape by sea were captured Admiral of the Flcef Sir An drew Cunningham commander in the Mediterranean congratulated Ins forces for good service in performing a difficult and ardu ous job that prevented the ene my from making any real effort to evacuate by sea The Italian communique Sat urday said that axis airplanes had bombed the allied Port ol Bone sinking a tanker and that allied planes had attacked Palermo Sas sari and other points in Sardinia The allied air attacks on Italian bases have been increasing rap idly The tempo of these assaults un doubtedly will increase as a part of the general plan of softening up the axis for invasion A French communique an nounced that the cruiser Georges Lcygues sanka German merchant ship trying to run the Atlantic blockade The number of axis jrencrals captured alonK with an esti mated 175000 to 200000 pris oners in llie last days of the Tu nisian campaign stands at about 20 unofficially A dispatch from Tunis by United Press Correspondent Dana Scmidl told of the surrender of Field Marshal Giovanni Mcsse Italian commander and General Lteblin of the I64lh German division to the commander if a British divi sion at p m Thursday The scene was a poppy clotted clearing surrounded by immense cacti just ott the main road near Enlidaville There was no salut ing and little formality Mcssc andLicbini got into a British staff car ind in two minutes they drove off N dispatch from what had aii been the front told of the last a d raid of the battle of Tunisia Amer h lcanBritlsli and south Africa nir mcn Bombed headquarters of Un Both German light division which V ccn lraPPecl in the Zaghouan IT in me IOWA Moderate to heavy show hills When the smoke cleared crs and thunderstorms Saturday away after the attack Wed afternoon and Saturday night white flags of surrender popped and in northeast portion early up over the enemy positions ami Sunday forenoon Not much the last pocket of organized axis resistance gave up The bombardier who released the last American bombs was s was Capt Albert P Muska ot Perth Amboy N J who had been pro moted from a lieutenant in the morning Eighteen American Bil ly Mitchells led by Capt George A Young of Wellington Kans participated CHARGED WITH VIOLATION DES MOINES Bisigna no proprietor of Babes restau rant was charged with violation of the child labor law in munici pal court Thursday Arthur Hill director of pupil adjustment for the DCS Momes schools said the charges were based on employ bus boys ENCOUNTER 100 NAZI FIGHTERS IN BIG ASSAULT 6 Heavy Bombers Are Missing Widespread Air Offensive Goes On L O N D O N The largest orce ol American heavy bombers uvcr dispatched over Germany at inckcd the sprawling harbor in stallations of Emden and other largest in northwest Germany Sat urday Probably upwards of 150 big bombers participated in the raid in which incendiaries were show ered on the objectives The pre vious record number ot planes used was 130 and headquarters described Saturdays assault as the strongest attack yet The bombers were unescorted and were known to have shot down an undetermined number of nazi lighters It was a 500mile round trip foray 4 Six bumlicrs were missing from bitter aerial encounters with a sharply reinforced Ger man fishier concentration which numbered well over 100 Focke Mulfs and iUesscrschmitts The results were reported good despite adverse weather It was the third successive day ol raids by the American heavy bombers in which they pounded eight targets Diversionary sweeps were carried out by United States fighters N The raid on Emden was the first large scale tire raid by American planes and one ot the first big daylight incendiary attacks ot the war It was the first time the Ameri icans had attacked a whole city as a argot rather than pinpoint objectives Clouds and smudgcpols pie vented an immediate assessment of the damage but flyers made this comment We right over the we couldnt have missed It was indicated that Satur days raid was intercepted liy one of the largest forces of Ger man fighters yet encountered anil tiicy resorted to the fruit less stunt of trying to bomb the fortresses in flight from above Numerous bitter combats ivcrc reported Intelligence officers said the Germans had been strongly rein forced in fighter protection along the north coastal area and the flyers encountered Well over 100 FockeWulfs and Messcrschmitts It was the fourth American raid on Emclcn Strong formations ot a 11 i c d plrnes crossed the channel to ward the Boulogne area of the French coast late Saturday keep ing in motion a sustained aerial offensive against he axis The drone of bomber engines and escort ing fighters continued Ioisome time An hour later the sound oE returning planes vas heard i i The Swedish radio reported that Oslo Norway had a 15 miiiutc air raid alarm early Sat urday and antiaircraft and fighter planes went into action the federal communications commission reporlcil British patrols kept the air offensive soiiis Friday night with infnider flights over north ern France The air ministry said two enemy nhincs were de stroyed and that railway targets and a supply ship were attacked j In audition to stnding out the j greatest number of planes in a I single day the American air forces engaged in a roundtrip flight ot more than 1000 miles to blast the German naval and submarine base at Kiel It marked their deepest penetration of Europe In closely coordinated support ing attacks American heavy units bombed the former General Mo tors plant in Antwerp and a large German airfield and repair station at Cotirlrai in Belgium Medium bombers made successful low level attacks on industrial targets at Vclzcn near Haarlem hi the Netherlands The tremendous explosive power dumped from coastal franco through Germany to Germanoc cupied western Russia and on Mediterranean bases since Wed nesday night can best be pictured by these figures When Hitler threw his aerial might at London in an effort to I knock out Britain from the war ;