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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 14, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME or MltTOIV AHO AftCMIVI IA THE NEWSFAPER THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PBCSS AND UNITED PRESS FIVE CENTS A COPV MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MAY 14 1943 THIS PAPCB CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 186 U S INVADES ATTU FIGHT RAGES ALLIES PUSH HEAVY AIR OFFENSIVE LASH AT MANY KEY POINT SAND INVASION ISLES Unprecedented Series of CoOrdinated Blows Dealt by Allied Planes LONDON UR American bombers were reported in Berlin broadcasts to be striking at north Germany again Friday in the greatest united nations air offen sive of the war against key war centers ot Germany Italy the occupied countries and Ihe inva sion islands of the Mediterranean Berlin Warsaw Naples the jreat Ruhr valley Sardinia Sicily north France and Bo hemia the naziheld arsenal smashed from three sides in an unprecedented series of coordinated blows by the RAF the United States air forces and the red air force At noon Friday the nazis said American heavy bombers were again engaged by German fight ters over the north German coast area The RAF bombed Berlin and struck simultaneously Thursday night at Germanys great indus trial citadels in the central Ruhr arid CzechoSlovakia Thirtyfour planes in all werelost the sama tuimber lost the previous night during the raid of the war with the inland port and industrial center of Duisburg the target The air long sought goal of smashing at the axis fortress of Europe from all sides and without Meaulte Works Is Enveloped in Fire LONDON The heaviest concentration ot bombs ever un loaded on a single target by the eiffhth U S air force was poured on the Meaulte Aircraft works in France Thursday enveloping the plant in a sea of flame and smoke H was announced Fri day Photographs taken at Ihe height of the raid made by the largest force of heavy United Stales bombers ever to raid the continent from British bases showed the target area almost completely obscured by smoke and flames from bursting bombs headquartens said literally in progress almost every hour of the day and night seeking to give the enemy no time to rest or recover between blows The onslaughts also increased axis fears of an invasion as a result of the complete allied conquest of Africa atid prep arations to strike at one or many points on the continent American crews made the heaviest vaid ever undertaken by flying fortresses over Europe when they attacked St Omer and Meaulte in northern France Thursday and they were back over Germany 18 hours later the axis reported claiming that at least three American planes were shot down Friday Within the 36hour period the Russian air force had attacked Warsaw allied planes from Tuni sia had blasted at Cagliari in Sar dinia and the great Italian port of Naples and other American planes from the middle cast bombed the harbor of Augusta on Ihc east coast of Sicily Both British and American bombardment teams had estab lished new records for heavy planes engaged and total bomb loads spilled The total bomb tonnage for this period was not disclosed but it was believed that it was the greatest ever loosed in any coin patable period A great force of allied planes crossed the Straits ot Fri day afternoon headed toward northern France Heavy antiair craft fire could be heard from the Boulogne area Halifax and Wellington squad rons of the Canadian air force took part in Thursday nights raids on the central Ruhr and it was announced that eight planes were missing These were in cluded in the total ot 34 lost Preliminary reconnaissance re indicated that heavy indus F R TALKS WITH CZECH Echmid Benes president of the CzechoSlovakian governmentinexilc is a white house guest Benes who is expected to take part in allied waiand postwar discussions with President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill is high ly regarded by Premier Josef Stalin of Russia and is ex pected to gbfromihe U S to MoseowvPresident Roosevelt talks with Benes after his arrival in the photo above African Flyers Concentrate on Sardinia Sicily Italy trial damage had been done in the recent raids on Duisburg and Dortmund in Germany The Russian air force also figured in the air offensive The Moscow radio announced that the red air force had bombed Warsaw and a suburb Praga Wednesday right hiltiiiR military trains and ammunition dumps without losing a single plane Radio Algiers said Germany had a number oE air alarms dur ing the niglit and that telephone communications between G e r many and Sweden suspended for a time The air ministry news service said whirlwinds Bostons and mosquitos of the fighter command swept wide areas of occupied Eur opean France The sound of ex plosions was heard from Boulogne nd Calais a short time later and the planes returned The flying fortresses dropped ons of bombs on one of the most mportant nazi air bases in west ern Europe at St Omer and de molished an airplane frame fac tory at Meaulte nearby The planes were escorted by a iiig armada of fighters including the new American P47 thunder polls and spitfires piloted by Brit ish Canadian Norwegian and Po lish pilots Three bomber and five fighters British Naval Force Bombards Harbor Area of Pantelleria at Dawn ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA air squadrons rained powerful blows upon Sardinia Sicily and Italy herself Thursday in an offensive no longer divided by the necessity for support ot ground troops in Tunisia U S flying fortresses and medium bombers delivered a smashing assault upon Cagliari port and air base which lone helped support axis forces in north Africa The raid was the biggest yet undertaken against Sardinian tar gets far surpassing that on Jlad dalena two weeks ago About 20 enemy vessels were sunk or damaged and large nil fires were started at the Sicilian harbor of Augusta by about 50 U S liberators Attacking from mid dle east bases they dumped al most 250000 pounds of explosives there under RAF fighter escort from Malta Naples Reggio Calabria and doublebarreled Messina felt the were fury oilier cities which ot air power un leashed by the unconditional sur render of the last of Col Gen Jurgen Von Arninvs fighting men a surrender that yielded enormous quantities of war supplies and j nearly 175000 German and Ital ian prisoners The last of the captives went to prison camps No axis forces remain in North Africa who are not prisoners in our hands liie allied communique run was unhampered at St ijaid The last remaining ele DRAW PLAN FAR AHEAD OF GAINS MADE BY ARMY Churchill Indicates General Offensive Plans Are Being Made W Prime Minister Churchill declared Fri day he and his military experts had met with President Roosevelt to plan well ahead of the armies who are moving swiftly forward and indicated Sonera offensive plans were in the making It is no good only having one march ahead laid out lie said in a broadcast to the British home guard on the third unni vcjsury of its life speaking by radio from the white house Murch after march must be planned as far as the human eye can see Design and fore thought must be our guides and heralds We owe it to the fighting troops We owe it to the vast com munities are leading out of the dark places we owe it to heroic Russia to long tormented i China we owe it to the captive and enslaved nations who beck on us on through their prison bars Urging the home guard rendered such valiant servicein mid1940 when Britain was under severe air assault from Germany to continue its vigilance the prime minister said that until Hitler and Hitlerism are beaten into unconditional surrender the danger of invasion of Britain will never pass away Asserting Victory is no conclu sion and that victories gained by the way must be a spur Churchill said must prepare for the time which is approaching and will surely come when the bulk of these armies AngloAmerican troops in Britain will have ad vanced across the seas iiilo deailly grapple on the contin ent Churchill referred to strong armies in Britain and described liis homeland as the assembly base for the United States armies ot liberation coming across the broad Atlantic The prime minister paid warm tribute to the home guard and told how it got a big advance in efficiency when the United Stales furnished a million rifles and 1 000 field guns and ammunition in July 1340 He said the allies were in much better shape now with people noting our growing mast ery of the air not only over our island but penetrating into over widening zones on the continent I am speaking to you now from the while house in Washington the British leader said Where 1 am slaying with my honored friend the president of the United States These arc great days They WHERE JAPS SAY YANKS LANDEDThis is the village of Attu in the Aleutians photographed before the Japanese originally landed there Usually fog shrouds the viW were lost in attack Thunderbolt pilots were iTis jrruntled because they circled the St Omer air field three limes without netting a crack at a German plane The bombing Omer and large fires were start ed German Focke Wulf and Mes serschmitl fighters were active over Meaulte however and all the allied losses were suffered there Meaulte had been bombed four times previously three times by fortresses The last raid was on Oct 2 1042 Lt John Bodenhammsr of Cor pus Christ Texas said that the glow from fires at St Omer was so great that even the moon turned red Fires started by the British bombers in the raid on Duisburg Wednesday night still were bum ing more than 12 hours later ac cording to reconnaissance reports The German air force continued its attacks on lhe cast Anglia coast of England for the third straight night aud at least eight persons were reported killed are like the clavs in Ixrd Chat hams time of which it was said you had to get up very early in the morning not to miss some news of victory1 ments surrendered at central war time May 13 A British naval force slammed broadsides into the harbor of Pantelleria at dawn Thursday Snore batteries of the Italian island replied hat their fire was ineffective allied head quarters announced Pantelleria lies 45 miles cast of the tip of Cap Bon British Wellingtons made a night attack against Naples drop ping blockbusters on selected tar gets of that axis supply center Maltabased intruders prowled the skies over Sicily and the toe of the Italian boot and communica tions were bombed and shot up Tons ot bombs were dropped on the harbor industrial and ware house areas of Cagliari by the U S fortresses dors Mitchells and marati RUML PLAN NEAR VOTE IN SENATE Proposal for Partial Forgiveness Defeated WASHINGTON UPJ The sen ate Friday rejected a proposal by Senator Walter F George DGa for partial forgiveness of 1942 taxes The action indicated passage of the Ruml plan of 100 per cent forgiveness was likely within a few hours Georges plan to forgive 75 per cent of each individuals 1942 tax was beaten on a vote announced as 50 to 32 George is chairman of the sen ale finance commitlcc Of the vari ous alternatives advanced to the Ruml plan it was believed that the George plan probably was Ihc most strongly backed The com mittee nad adopted the Ruml plan by a 13 to 8 i olc 20 COUNTIES GET BLACKOUT TEST Generally Successful Report Issued by Selby DES MOINES surprise lest blackout described as gener ally successful was held in 20 eastern Iowa counties Thursday night from o oclock The blackout was a test of the efficiency of the state air raid warning system as much as it was a lest of civilian response and he results were satisfac tory Rodney Q Selby secre tary of the Iowa industrial and defense commission said Friday Counties in the blackout area which comprised thee air raid warning districts were Delaware Tama Bcnton Linn Jones Iowa Johnson Mahaska Keokuk Washington M o n r o e Wapcllo Jefferson Appanoose Davis Van Burcn Lee Henry DCS Homes and Louisa Selby added that there were scattered reports of confusion over the simulated blue and vcd warning signals set up as standard practice by tlie central defense command several weeks ago Selby said the signal system in Thursday nights test was as fol lows Twominute siren blast representing blue signal when all lights extinguished except traffic permitted lo proceed with lights dimmed intermittent blasts representing red signal when all traffic also stopped and total blackout in effect Twomiuuie blast foi blue1 signal when traftic per mitted to resume lights on repre senting allclear signal and end of blackout Selby added that while he meaning of the blue and red signals will remain the same in future blackouts he lime interval will not necessar ily be the same An office of civilian defense aerial observer flew over the Iowa City area and reported the black out effective there but the tcsi apparently was not so successful at Cedar Rapids It was reported that many per sons in Cedar Rapids doused their lights as the early warning signal sounded and then turned them on again 20 minutes later when the signal came proclaiming the ac tual blackout Air raid wardens quickly rem edied the situation however and the city was in total darkness for almost a half hour Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Not much change in temperature Friday after noon not mite so cool Friday night occasional light rain Fri day nigbt and Saturday fore noon not much change in tem perature Friday and Saturday forenoon not so cool Friday night rain Saturday forenoon IOWA Slightly warmer Friday night and Saturday forenoon showers beginning Saturday forenoon MINNESOTA Light showers Saturday forenoon and west and central portions Friday night somewhat warmer Fri day night and Saturday fore noon winds becoming fresh to Commencement i alk Given During Iowa Surprise Blackout WASHINGTON Iowa commencement address delivered in the Clark was one of the high lights of Thursday nights surprise blackout County Defense Com mandcr Ivan Norton said Friday j Norton said that although ten YANKS TRY TO OUTFLANK BASE ON KISKA ISLE Would Provide Post Within 630 Miles of Japs Paramusbiru Base WASHINGTON The Unit ed States has launched he long expected attack to drive Japan out of the Aleutian islands American troops landed on the island of Attu on Tuesday the navy announced Friday and were met by Japanese of unknown stronglh They are locked in battle now The situation still is not clear lut Unilcii States air aid sea fdrccs presumably arc nartici in an allout bid for early decision V Aim so fur appcurs lo be the only direct target o American landings A general conclusion that no similar altack has been mucfc yet on Iviska Ihc othcr Aleutian base was based in part on the fact thai a cotn jmuniquo told of fresh air attacks oii that island American planes hardly would bomb an island utter American troops have landed there it was pointed out and the new raids on camoon Thursday two landing t The Berlin radio quoted a Tokyo dispatch as saying the Americans approached the island under cover of a dense fog first shelled the is land by sea with naval artillery uni at the satnc lime Ameri can airmen dropped bombs the broadcast recorded toy the Associated Press said Hie enemy was nu merically superior 1 a u a n e s e troops immediately took up the fight which still was going on community Washington gatherings in as many county towns were Friday evening to the cast of Attu plunged into darkness Use test which also is in Japanese hands was 99 per cent perfect In Washington the blackout far is not included in the American landing The landing was announced in moderately clay address to the high school gradu IN MASON CITY HobeGazetlc weather statistics Maximum Thursday fio Minimum Thursday night 32 At 8 a m Friday 44 YEAR AGO Maximum 75 Minimum 38 Best Paid Unemployed Man in World Italys Minister of Colonies By UNITED PRESS Radio Moscow said in a broad cast Thursday heard by govern ment monitors that the worlds best paid unemployed man is the Italian minister of colonies North Pacific On May 11 United States forces lauded at Ilic island of Attu in the Aleutians and are now en gaged with Japanese forces on the i island Details of the operation Over the county Norton added will be released when the situa strong by Satwj ating class He continued without j pause and when he finished the j orchestra played patriotic songs in 1 ilic darkness and the audience sail five high school commencements two dances two class plays and an I O O F convention all blacked out during the test THERES ALWAYS MANANA A mystery continued slory in the torpid setting of semi tropical Mexico By LOIS EBY and JOHN C FLEMING Starts in this issue Turn lo Comic Page tion clarifies V V Naval spokesmen declined lo beyond lie limits of this bare announcement or offer any com nicnl an Ihc course of the fiRht First word of Ihc iandmy oper ation came from Ihc Tokyo radio which broadcast a Japanese imper i a 1 headquarters communique Friday saying the landing began Wednesday and that a tierce battle was in progress That communique as recorded by the federal communications commission said Crack Ameri can forces began landing on At suta island of the Aleutians on Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGatelte carrier Wy i r Ule islaml chiliu Aleutians are shown on the above map including Attu 1 and Kiska H was recently disclosed that Americans had es tablished a strong base on Amchitka ;