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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 13, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME EPARTMENT OF AND ARCHIVES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL in MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five CentJ A Copy One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Muon CUT Sondir p m WOJ Ames Wclnetdir p i WSU1 low City WedoesJiy p m WTAO QuIncT Ill Sittirtiir P m Wil YOU Help Save Your Own Life AT THE RISK ol being accused of drawing my bow too long across the same stringIm going to visit again with you in this commentary about a subject very close to my heart My subject is to be safety more specifically traffic safety You should be interested Everybody should be interested Its importance is reflected in the fact thatat the present rate of slaughter on our streets and high ways we shall in the next 5 years bill off more Americans than were killed in the war with the num ber injured 10 times as great And still more specifically Im going to talk about the 1946 police traffic check starting on May 15 and continuing for an indefinite period Its a continuation and ex tension of the nationwide brake check conducted last year under the sponsorship of the Interna tiona Association of Chiefs of Police THE HESULTS were tabulated on that campaign for the entire country it was dis covered that 1 out of every 7 au tomobiles on our streets and high ways are possessed of defective brakes It was an alarming pic ture It threw some very reveal ing light on our mounting traffic mishaps By any test that could be ap plied the effort directed by the police chiefs and sheriffs of the country was worthwhile That success prompted a repetition of the campaign but as Ive pointed out along broader lines Last year the police officials had the active cooperation about 50 nationwide organiza tions This year that number of cooperating agencies is being greatly increased Let it be said to the credit of the police that their interest is wholly in getting the job done not in getting ex clusive credit PREPARATIONS for this years campaign have paralleled those for the Presidents Nation al Traffic conference held May 8 9 and 10 in Washington This didnt just happen It was planned that way Into the comprehensive report coming out of the Presidents con ference which I shall discuss at some length in an early commen tary went many of the principles and suggestions offered by the na tions traffic law enforcement of ficers Another item of appropriate timing in connection with this years police traffic safety check is that it is starting just 2 weeks before Memorial day weekend a long holiday when roads are jammed with cars That means a great increase in accidents Me morial day too is usually the start of the annual touring season T AST YEAR when the em phssis was centered on brakes the slogan of the cam paign was One Foot Away From Danger The device used by po lice officers in conducting then check against offending drivers was to apply a 1inch thick board under the brake pedal If the pedal touched the board when compressed it was automatic proof of inadequate brakes This year with the base broad ened to Jnclude not only brakes and other mechanical parts of an automobile but the driver too the slogan has become Check Year Drivins Check Tour Car Check Yourself Check Acci dents This traffic check will be ap plied to those motor vehicles passenger cars trucks and buses stopped by an officer for traffic violations or involved in acci dents Additional to perhaps more important testing lanes will be set up in hundreds of cities and towns and provisions will be made for checking the cars of persons who volunteer to have it done TN THE CASE of the driver stopped for a violation or an accident the officer will first ask to see his operators license or registration card Then after tell ing him why he was stopped the officer will hand the driver a traffic check leaflet stressing the importance of safe driving habits and safe car condition Nest the officer will apply the 1inch brake check and request the driver to sound his horn op erate he windshield wipers and turn on the car lights The officer will step to the front ot the car to see If both headlights are on then ask the driver to demon strafe whether all beams are working While siil at the front of the car the officer will observe the tires noting cuts fabric breaks and excessive wear Then he will move to the rear of the car to ob CONHNUED ON FACE MASOV CITY IOWA MONDAY MAY 13 1946 This Paper Consuls of Two One fto fas HITS NORTH IOWA TOWN Coal Operators Agree to Pay Back Holiday Pay WAY IS CLEAR Freeze Hits FOR DISCUSSION ON KEY ISSUES By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Warmer weather returned to Iowa Monday as farmers garden ers and agriculture leaders toted up the extent of the damage from the weekends killing freeze The weather bureau said no more freezing temperatures were in sight for Iowa Washington coal on AJroost all of northwest and irators Monday agreed to cav S3 central Iowas fruit garden Operators Will Pay Claimed by Lewis and Miners the operators said that in agreeing to make the payment the action is not to be construed as a recognition in any way of any merit in the demand made nor as establishinga prec edent for future action The sole purpose is to open the auiiLC Ulups in other parts of the state still were coming in Clyde Spry assistantto Harry Linn state secretary of agri ilture said It froze everything above the ground in northwest Iowa which he turned over the weekend The fruit crops have been prac lotatoes are froz f payment he said was due to those workers who worked a full week day Thanksgiving Christmas and r New Year holidays occurred Prior to President Trumans revocation of executive order 9240 last Aus 21 the miners as well as other war workers were guar anteed pay for six major holidays in the year including the four in volved in the mine dispute After revocation of the order the operators contended they no longer were required to pay tor the holidays or to consider them as days worked in computing over time for 6 consecutive days of work The operators estimated the claim involved will range from to each for workers who had labored during the holidays Compromise Looms for Ruhr Dispute Paris compromise on French demands for detachment of the Ruhr arsenal from Ger many appeared possible Monday as the big 4 foreign ministers re assembled after a day off in an effort to resolve their remaining points of the Italian peace treaty A vellinformed French source said the germ of a possible com promise was contained in a re cent British proposal reportedly suggesting some form of federa tion for the Ruhr region which might even include part of the Rhin eland The British and Americans have opposed Frances demands for complete political separation of the Ruhr from the reich under in ternational political control and have proposed establishment of economic control instead The French said a federated Ruhr similar to the setup the American occupation forces insti tuted in greater Hesse in the U S zone of occupation might meet French approval so long as the federated state was not under complete control of a centralized German authority in Berlin In any event this informant continued French acceptance of such a plan would depend upon the satisfactory working out of details and international economic control would be insisted upon PREDiCffRUMAN DRAFT ACTION Washington military committee sources predicted Mon day President Truman will issue an executive order Tuesday con tinuing the selective service or ganization without inductions if ermgress fails to extend the draft law expiring at midnight Wednes day t The purpose of the order which they said was prepared by nation al selective service headquarters vronld be to prevent collapse of the selective service machinery The president has power they said to make the selective service organization a part of the execu tive office under recently enacted reorganization legislation They declined to be quoted directly Unless congress or the president acts committee members said local draft boards will go out of existence at midnight May 15 and the machinery for resuming in ductions I junked later will have been lated of again Spry added What little field corn that was up in that sector also has been frozen but oats apparently have weathered the storm I didnt see any damaged small grain in the Strawberries had been unusual ly good in the Sioux City area this year but the freeze apparently has killed the entire crop The same is true of other such crops as raspberries and grapes I saw plum and cherry trees that were killed completely by the freeze There arent enough apple trees in estimate the dam ruiried such Peppers and Deans with major damages to po tato es The hardier of the garden crops such as peas and cabbage werent hurt Spry continued He estimated that about the same damage occurred throughout a wide area of the state finding the same conditions around Chero kee He said he expected reports of age to Iheni Spry named as crops as tomatoes in the northwest but doubted that there would be any of th Constance Gets No S stance Bennett disclosed Monday u band Col John Theron Coulter of HOOVER PLANS FOOD TOUR IN SOUTH AMERICA Wili Enlist Support of Countries in Food Situation Overseas Washington JP The white house said Monday that Herbert Hoover had accepted an invitation to go to South America as Presi dent Trumans food ambassador to enlist the support of those coun tries in the food crisis Press Secretary Charles G Ross said Blr Truman compli mented Hoover at the conference Monday on Ills splendid job so far and asked him to go to South America at his convenience as food ambassador Hoover Boss said accepted and going within the next few weeks The former president simul taneously told a news conference that the world grain deficit could be largely overcome if surplus producing nations adopt further vigorous conservation measures Talking after his meeting with the president Hoover refused Io say whether he believed the sur plus countries including the United States should establish food rationing to help He wished Hoover said to be allowed to keep out of the domes tic controversy over rationing Herbert Morrison president of the British council also discussed the food situation with the presi dent To reporters he said Any idea of me telling the Americans what they are going to ration and what they are not going to ration is not on my In London the political corre spondent for the World quoting the highest authority reported that Morrison would ask the pres ident to ration meats and fats in the United States Hoover said overseas cereal needs for the period of May 1 to Sept 30 were considerably smaller than had been previously stated Flying Hen Rickells Iowa Mr and umu uc is iuw3i Mr nnrl IOSSES parts Wodlke of near Hick etts have a highflying hen who hatched a brood of 10 chicks Hollywood Star Con tree nest 20 feet the ground Mr and Mrs Wodtko found 3 amiice cenneii aisciosett Monday WOQIKC louna that she will marry her 5th hus dead baby chicks tinder the tree bn on investigation discovered n ouer o aon scovere the army air forces June 22 at the nest where tree branches had Kiversinp Pal FAvmvi i formed some thick brush Sentence 58 German Prison Camp Operators to Gallows tenced Germany A general military court Monday sen operators of the notorious Mauthausen extermination camp us aua to hang Three others were given life terms 1 ThC J defnaants lvere sentenced after the American court found tnem iruiHy of murdering thousands of victims imprisoned bv the nans in persecution campaigns ThC BACK TO THE coal company miners ride to work marking resump Spanish Exile Says Franco Hurting Peace New York Spanish governmentinexile said flatly Monday that the Franco regime is threatening world peace by working on atomic energy with the aici of German scientists This statement is contained In one of the documents which Dr Jose Giral premier of the govern mentinexile brought from Paris Sunday for presentation to the United Nations subcommittee in vestigating the Spanish question Although the 350page report still had not been presented to the United Nations Monday after noon it was learned from a re liable source that it contained a statement that atomic research was being carried out in 2 Span ish and Murcia The report which Giral said would be submitted within the next 24 hours also said that 1 Generalissimo Francisco Franco was maintaining a huge military force a large part of which was massed on frontier 2 The Franco regime was not only sheltering many notorious nazis but actually was employing many former gestapo agents in its secret police The report listed the names of some of these 3 Franco was violating human rights by tortures terrorism and cruellies in Spanish jails ind i concentration camps Jap Counsel Says Japanese Dont Need to Obey Orders Tokyo Ichiro Kiyose chief counsel for former premier Hiaelvi Tpjo and 26 other suspected war criminals asserted Monday that the Japanese people do not have to obey every order issued by Supreme Commander Gen Douglas MacArthur JHs statement came during a general attack on the jurisdiction of ine luierDational military tribunal ryinc the defendants and drew an angry retort from Chief Prosecutor Joseph B Kcenan I suggest to the tribunal that we have heard discourse from this counsel that is very close sedition Keenan declared Shaking a pair of blackrimmed glasses and pounding on a table to emphasize his points Kiyose based his argument on the point that Japan had signed a conditional surrender Only the armed forces of Japan surrendered unconditionally he argued The unconditional por tion does not apply to the gov ernment or the people The Japa nese people have to obey the supreme commander only in mat ters covered by the Potsdam dec laration Kiyose said that MacArthur could issue orders anct that the emperor was obligated to carry out only specific items covered in the Potsdam declaration Kiyose claimed it would be for the good of civilization if the in dictments against the defendants were dropped He cautioned the allies not Io break any treaties themselves in their actions before the court the by one to hear their doom wf f 4o minutes Each reading took 38 seconds and then the defendants were led away dividually by 2 white hehneted guards of Ihe 9th division August Eigruber gualeiter of the Upper Danube region and die tator of much of Upper Austria during the nazi regime took his sentence without emotion Other defendants turned white Some had to be helped from the courtroom by guards Leading Pioneer Des Moines Eli7abeth Olclaker Roswell N Mex 106 is the leading candidate to date for the trip to Des Moines for its June 2BJuly 4 centennial obser vation Mrs Oldaker said she was born in Iowa on March 18 1840 taken to Council Bluffs when she was 5 and reared there 3 DIE IN battle the smouldering rains of the home in which John W Bailey publisher of the Bureau County Republican and his 2 children Nancy 6 and John died early Princeton 111 Baiieys wife Mary fractured bone h both heels when she jumped from the 2nd story window AE Wirephoto IOWA OPERATORS REFUSE TRUCE Cenlcrvillc southern Iowa Coal Operators association declined Monday to accept im mediately a United Mine Workers AFL union plan by which strik ing miners would return to the pits The operators decided to meet privately Monday afternoon to discuss the matter Of 15 mine operators represent ed by the association only 5 were present Monday morning to hear the union proposaK presented by J P Agnesscn of Centerville Iowa district president of the TJiWW The other operators were expected Io attend he later meeting A spokesman for the operators said they were apprehensive of terms of the plan include a provision that any increases in pay or adjustment of working con ditions agreed upon in national strike negotiations be made retro active o when the miners return to work TRAIN SERVICE RESTORED HERE Milwaukee Puts No 3 Back in Service Again The Milwaukee Roads service on No 3 to Mason City from Chi cago will be resumed starting Monday evening at Chicago ac cording to word received here and the Marquette from Mason City to Chicago will be resumed Tuesday noon This places the service between Mason City and Chicago back to normalcy No 3 leaves Chicago at fp m and arrives in Mason City at a m The Marquette leaves Mason City at noon and arrives at Chicago at p The Milwaukee rcrad also an nounced Monday that it was re storing 2 sections of the Olympian daily train to Seattle through elimination of an expected slash in passenger traffic by ODT Negotiations Collapse in Iran Dispute Tehran be tween the Tehran and Azerbaijan governments collapsed Monday and the visiting delegation left by plane for Tabriz Government quarters refused to say whether the break in the ne gotiations was final or temporary or whether Iran was on the brink of civil war as appeared certain if the rupture was complete Jaafar Pishevary leader of Az erbaijan and his colleagues si lently boarded a Russian plane and departed for Tabriz without signing the agreement Premier Ahmad Ghavam had sought to avert the threat of civil war BELIEVE BLAST BEGAN ROARING WAUKON BLAZE Firemen From 4 Towns Help Battle Fire Fed by Aviation Fuel Waukon JP An explosion compared by one witness to an atomic bomb blast touched off Monday a roaring gasoline fire fed by some 50000 gallons of high octhne motor and aviation fuel Fire deparfments from Waukon and 4 neighboring towns fought the blaze which threatened about half of this northeast Iowa city of 3000 First reports were that no one was injured Four hours after the explosion the fire was said by Francis Kurt Milwaukee railroad clerk to be out of control He said however that unless the wind shifted the town proba bly would escape It was Kurt who said the blast was like that of an atomic bomb A large flame swept over half of the town Jic saitl and you could feel its heat a half mile away There was a loud roar with it Kurt said about 25 large gaso line storage tanks operated by a half dozen oil companies were in the immediate vicinity of the blaze but that only 3 appeared to caught fire within the first 4 hours Kurt said the fate of the rail road bridge near the fire was not immediately known A passenger train bound for Marquette stood at the station waiting for its en gine which was on the other side of the bridge engaged in switching when the fire started Other storage tanks endangered by the flames included those of the MidContinent Sweeney Standard Clayton County Farm Service Iowa Oil and AUamakee county companies A number of residences and warehouses were across Ite street from the scene he said but added that the wind was blowing the flames away from them Firemen from McGregor Post ville and Lansing joined with Waukon and Allamakee county forces in an attempt to control the blaze which was believed to have started in the pump house of a Cities Service filling station on the southern edge of town Approximately 50000 gallons of gasoline were believed to be stored in 5 18000gallon tanks at the station Fire departments each were as signed a sector and were wetting down roofs and buildings in an effort to keep the blazo under control No effort was being made to fight the fire directly People were being kept at least 2 blocks away from the fire Some residents outside the danger area were attaching their garden hose to home faftcets and doing their own fire prevention work The first tank exploded at about a m and the 2nd tank was touched off at about Mondaj morning The filling station nnd adjoining bulk plant were operated by Ray Zoll William Huffman a city em ploye said the tire was believed to have siarfed from a spark while a truck was being loaded Pat Gallagher fire chief and street commissioner here was di recting efforts to control the blaze The station was situated in a resideniial area Coal Strike at a Glance By UNWED ITtESS Most of 400000 striking miners returned to pits Many of almost 2000000 idle or partially idle in coaldependent industries returned to full employment indication of agreement in negotiations be tween mine operators and union officials days i began hauling materials to industry after the freight embargo was lifted Most plants closed because of material shortages planned to reopen Monday Steel Corp planned to operate at 12 per cent of capacity during first week of truce restrictions continue in 21 eastern states at the request of President Truman Solid fuels administration gave No 1 priority on coal mined under truce to public utilities Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and warmer Monday night with occasional rain Tuesday cloudy and cooler Iowa Cloudy with occasional rain Monday night Warmer in east and central portions Tuesday cloudy with occasional rain in east and south portions Cooler in northeast and north portions Minnesota Fair and cooler north Cloudy with light showers south Monday night Tuesday partly cloudy with light showers ex treme southeast Cooler south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 54 Minimum 31 At 8 a m Sunday 38 YEAR AGO Maximum 52 Minimum 42 GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 57 Minimum 40 At 8 a m Monday 57 YEAR AGO Maximum So Minimum 3 ;