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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 13, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUIX LEASED WIRES THf NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MAY 13 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE j JL ur i 1YU oCWIIOJS a i SECTION ONE JJQ Jg0 NAZIS CLAIM GAINS IN KERCH FIGHT Deport v ALLIES GETTING READY TO MEET NEW OFFENSIVE Reconnaissance Planes Tell of Activity by Nipponese on Bases I MELBOURNE Japanese invasion fleet is reassembling at island bases northeast of Au V stralia awaiting heavy naval re inforcements for a new offensive thrust dispatches from allied ad i vaneed bases indicated Tuesday if At Warships and transports were j reported at these bases The main striking force had been i scattered by the AmericanAu stralian naval battle in the Coral sea but it was believed to be virtually intact insofar as key units went It was appar ently only awaiting reinforce mcnts to strike a new blow which many believed would give f Australia and the United States and allied forces their I supreme test I Activities of Japanese ships I reported by American and Au p stralian reconnaissance planes and of the Japanese air force gj based at Rabaul in the Bismarck j islands and Lae on the north New Guinea coast indicated that enemy reinforcements were ar t riving steadily j For the first time since the bat tie ot the Coral sea started May 4 bad weather interrupted the of ll Gen Douglas 1 MacArthurs air I However it was understood that I limited reconnaissance work was I continued and the united nations command ana the United States South Pacific naval command v would receive the usual reports enemy warship and transport movements Dispatches from advanced i areas indicated that the Jap V anesc either haa or expected to ni have soon a formidable naval force which at command could move into the Coral sea area to M effect a rendezvous with the in vasion ships now assembling at bases in the Bismarck Solomon and Louisiade islands In their raids Sunday on Port Moresby New Guinea and Horn island off the northeast tip of Australia the Japanese used bomber instead of fighter planes for the first time in a week This was believed to mean that the bomber forces devastated by heavy United States and Austral ian raids had been replenished Certainly for the moment the allied victory in the Coral sea had staved off an invasion threat But the feeling was strong here that Japan could not stand the heavy blows of MacArthurs aerial forces and must strike or get out of the northeastern invasion area iA headciuarters spokesman said communiques reporting the bomb ing of such enemy bases as those in the Louisiade islands off the southeast New Guinea coast did not mean the Japanese had occu pied those islands He suggested that they had started to use them simply as a Kase for seaplane oper ations Newspapers continued to warn i the public that they must expect a r Japanese attack on a much greater scale than that beaten back in the v l Coral sea Discovers His Old Car Will Run on Kerosene PRINCETON N J jeral restriction on gasoline cause no worry for Alexander R Fowler SPrmceton university junior from New York His 1930 Chevrolet Iconvertible lie was delighted to discover perks right along on tj Kerosene or motor oi in place of 1 gas He has a virtually now set of tires bequeathed when another 1 car he owned was scrapped 4 Persons Killed by Nebraska Windstorms NORFOLK Nebr persons were killed scores Ifarm buildings damaged and many head of livestock destroyer as windstorms m inuswjri npped through farming comm Ewing Elgin Osmoi and Foster Mr and Mrs Joh Leahy and two small daughter Elaine 10 and Barbara G wl lived seven miles southwest daughter Shirley Ann 8 was in JUrcd John of Replies to u s That Grave Question Is Raised Hear Nazis Demanded Vichy Not Give Up Ships at Martinique VICHY of Govern ment Pierre Laval sent to Wash ington Wednesday a message sta ting that the United States latest moves in regard to Martinique raise a grave question it was stat ted officially An official communique said that the United States had made new demands on the French high commissioner in Madagascar which would modify the present status of Frances possessions in the Caribbean The nature of the socalled demands was not dis closed however Shortly before the announce ment of Lavals reply to Washing ton unconfirmed reports circu lated in Vichy that Germany has demanded that the Vichy govern ment refuse to surrender any of the 140000 tons French mer chant ships now at Martinique Before permitting the ships to fall iritc United States or allied hands Germany was reported to have 6tated they must be scuttled Lavals message to Washington was described in an official com munique as a reply on the Mar tinique situation Secretary of State Cordell Hull has made it clear that the United States government is negotiating directly with Admiral Georges Robert French governor at Mar ti n q u e regarding additional measures insuring the independ ence of the French Caribbean possessions and does not intend to be influenced by any protests or proposals from the Laval govern ment in Vichy SCOVEL GIVEN 10 YEAR TERM Prominent Montezuma Attorney Pleads Guilty to Forgery Charge MONTEZUMA E Scovel prominent Montezuma at torney and a republican candidate for attorney general in 1938 was taken to the Fort Madison peni tentiary Tuesday after pleading guilty in district court here to a charge of uttering a forged in strument Charles Dexter district court clerk said Ecovel was givena 10 year sentence The charge was liled Dexter said in connection with the al leged forgery of a real estate mortgage Sentence was pro nounced by Judge P J Siegers Officials of the Veterans hos pital here said Scovel left the hos pital May 8 after an extended stay He entered the hospital last Nov 30 they said Scovel ran third in the primary in which the republicans nom inated the late Attorney General Fred Everett Scovel polled more than 61000 votes in that race1 TAMES E SCOVEL to nenitentiary Boy Who Shot Mother to Death Is Caught ROANOKE RAPIDS N Car year old George Clyde Hengy Jr who told ofii cers he shot his mother to death at their Corpus Christi Tex home last Friday was in jail here Wed nesday after Ihe wreck of an au tomobile in which he was fleeing with his three year old sister and the family dog JAPS BRING UP MORE TROOPS Major Battle Appears to Be Developing in Southern Yunnan Area By UNITED PKESS On the BurmaSouthern China battlefront the Japanese after suffering reverses that almost wiped out their invasion of Lhinas Yunnan province struck back Wednesday and succeeded in pushing reinforcements north ward from Lashio to the aid of their Yunnan spearhead A major battle appeared to be developing along the Salween river on the Burma road in soutii er Yunnan with both Japanese and Chinese maneuvering for positions The northernmost Japa nese spcarhcards were 55 arid 5 miles inside China The Chinese admittedly wern m a difficult situation along the Salween after the arrival of an estimated 5000 Japanese rein forcements to make up for the loss of about 4500 troops along tlio Burma road Gen Joseph W Stil well and his Chinese force which recaptured Maymyo 30 miles northeast of Mandalay were said to be awaiting an opportun ity to attack Lashio in an effort to disrupt the Japanese strategy Denaturalization of 7 Sought by U S NEWARK W J its opening salvo in a wartime offen sive to lift American citizenship papers granted unworthy appli cants the government has filed denaturalization proceedings against seven native Germans identified as members of the Ger manAmerican bund The chief target was August Klapprott now a resident ot Camp Nordland at Andovcr where bundists once heiled and marched in storm troopers uniforms while swas tikas fluttered Volunteer Firemen Protest Gas Rations WESTBROOK Me citys 54 volunteer firemen who make up the greater part of the communitys fire department have threatened to quit because they have been assigned gasoline regis tration cards permitting them only three gallons a week Spokesmen lor the volunteers said their allot ment was ridiculous since most of them use their own automobiles going to fires and in many cases hauling equipment Professor Throws Coffee at Another Instructor Fired SANTA ROSA Cal professor who broke the solemnity of a faculty lunchroom by throw if ing a cup of coffee at another in structor in an argument over President Roosevelt found himself virtually out of a job Wednesday but ready to go into court to ob tain reinstatement Ho was Howard T Wheeler 47 year old language professor at 10 Santa Rosa junior college whose scuffle with Otto Carl Ross 33 an engineering instructor was de scribed Tuesday night before the college board of trustees i The trustees then voted not to renew Wheelers contract Im going to sue probably lor defamation of character if the board fires me Wheeler told re porters Wheeler said he threw a cup of coffee at Ross and then came to blows with him last Friday when the engineering professor referred to President Roosevelt as a com munist Ross denied ie had ever called the president a communist and said he merelv was criticizing the ad ministrations farm policy FOUND IN COAL MINING DEBRIS Crews Attack Great Masses of Rock Hunt for Other Victims OSAGE W Va bodies of 47 of the 54 men believed killed by a terrific explosion in one of northern West Virginias largest coal mines were located Wednes day by rescue crews who imme diately attacked great masses of rock and coal blocking recovery The crew members four of whom were overcome by exer tion while wearing oxygen hel mets already had brought out 33 of the bodies amone them a section foreman who had not been previously listed amons the missinr Crews sought to reach the others Hysterical cries from women among the hundreds of spectators gathered around the mine mouth broke the silence as rescue work ers carried groups of bodies from the mine Several women fainted Ambulances carried the bodies to funeral homes in Morgantown four miles away It was impossible to identify immediately at least two of them David Christopher official of the Christopher Coal company said the death list might go as high as 5G since several of the men found dead had not previously been reported missing Rescue crews had battled aeainst ions of rock coal ana imoers three miles underground since midafternoon Tuesday hoping to reach some of the men alive A halfmile section of the mine was wrecked V V Three bodies were brought out within five hours after the explo sion and groups of 10 four and six men were hauled to the sur face Wednesday morning Seventy others narrowly escaped death when the blast let go at 1Q p m C W T in the No 3 mine of the Christopher Coal company At work in an area near the blast scene they managed to flee and only 25 were made ill by the fumes Restaurants Used by Nazis in Paris Bombed BERN Switzerland more restaurants used by the Ger mans in Paris have been bombed advices from the occupied French capital said Wednesday Dispatches Tuesday reported a series of bombings of Paris hotels used as barracks by the Germans apparently a crescendo ot anti German demonstrations covering the past ten day It was suggested that these were inspired by the appointment of Major General Obcrg one of the right hand men of Gestapo Chief Heinrich Himmler as head of police in the Paris area Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Local showers Wednesday afternoon and Wed nesday night Occasional light rains Thursday forenoon Be coming much colder Wednes day afternoon and Wednesday night Strong winds at times becoming gales IOWA Local showers Wednesday afternoon and Wednesday night Thunder squalls in east portion Wednesday afternoon Occasion al light rains in north and east portions Thursday forenoon Becoming much colder in west portions Wednesday afternoon and Wednesday night and in east portion Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon Strong winds gales at times in west portions MINNESOTA Moderate to heavy rain Wednesday afternoon and Wednesday night and some light ram or drizzle east and south portions Thursday morning cooler fresh to moderately strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 69 Minimum Tuesday night fil At B a m Wednesday 66 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 41 The longawaited spring offensive on the eastern iront appears to have been launched as the Germans start attacks on the southern part of the front They appear to be aiming for Kerch and later Rostov as gateways to the oil fields of the Caucasus SAYS WILLIAMS TO RECEIVE CALL Culligan States We Must Think in Terms of 10 Million Armed Men CLEVELAND Wil liams the Boston Red Sox slug gitigoutfielderprobably will be taken in his draft boards next call Major Ernest M Culligan public relations officer of the selective service system declared Wednes day Major Culligan referred to the Williams case at the National association of Broadcasters con vention It was one of the tough est we had to decide and his de ferment several months ago was for actual the of ficial declared He added that he did not know the date of the call The selective service official also asserted by the beginning 1944 every ablebodied man will either be in the armed services or replacing in industry the men who must fight Weve got to start thinking in terms of a ten to twelvemillion man army and when we think of that we realize the shortage manpower the major added 13 Nazi Planes of Troop Carrying Type Shot Down by RAF CAIRO Egypt Junkers 52X the German troop carryin planes and two of their Messerschmitt escorts were shot down Tuesday into the sea off north Africa the RAF announced Wednesday Still others may have been destroyed a communique said with only one British plane lost There was no word whether the German planes were carrying troops or where they were bound when the RAF intercepted them The Junkers 52 carrying a score or more troops has been used in all the German invasion cam paigns to date both for parachut ists and for the transport of reg ular infantrymen to hot spots WILDER NAMED SECRETARY DES MOINES F Wil der of Estherville has been se lected to take over the duties of secretary of the independent busi ness mens association of Iowa following the resignation of W Powers who is moving to Du buque to be connected with an in dustrial alcohol plant HOUSE BACKS UP ARMED PAY Amended Pay Raise Measure Is Sent to Senate for Parley WASHINGTON a base pay schedule of a month for buck privates and ap prentice seamen the house passed and sent back to the senate Wed nesday the amended pay adjust ment bill for all brandies of the armed services The houie refused to back down on a roll call vote of 331 to 28 from its tentative action ot Tuesday in boosting the base pay voted by the senate and rec ommended by the house military committee The amendment also poster pay of second class seamen and first class privates from the senate voted to The present pay of a private and an apprentice seaman with four months experience is while a second class seaman and a first class private receive j3G Members of the military com mittee predicted the original S42 voted by the senate would be the figure the measure finally con tains after emerging from confer ence to adjust the differences HUNfSURVJVORS ON ST LAWRENCE 2 Torpedoes Fired at Freighter by Sub in Inland River Attack BULLETIN OTTAWA Canadian Kovernment Wednesday an nounced the loss of a second sliip by submarine attack in the St Lawrence river A ST LAWRENCE RIVER PORT the Royal Ca nadian mounted police directing operations residents of this port aided in the rescue of 72 survivors ot the first ship sunk by an ene my submarine in the St Lawrence river it was revealed Wednesday Fortytwo survivors including a woman and a baby were landed al one point and 30 others reached jhorc 15 miles further along the river The Uboat tired two torpedoes into the ship a freighter about midnight Monday but the attack was not announced until Tuesday The vessel sank within 20 minutes The Royal Canadian navy and the R C A F were hunting for the submarine Wednesday Underworld Reports on Gang Trying to Fake War Stamps NEW YORK under world which rarely turns down a chance to make a dishonest dol lar was given a big assist Wednes day in the arrest of six men charged with attempting to sell fake war savings stamp Secret senice agents of the treasury department who collaved the men Tuesday and seized 210 000 unperforatcd stamps of 25 ccnt denomination potentially worth S52500 told this story ng Reds Inflict Heavy Losses Germans on MOSCOW Russias Cau sian army Wednesday threw all arms including the formid ble Black Sea fleet into Hie attle of the Kerch peninsula here the Germans are delivering simultaneous land sea and air saults at the gateway to the lrich Caucasus Ihe fivedayold battle raged stubbornly atonjt the narrow front with the Issue still un decided according to advices reaching Moscow but the red army forces were said to be In flicting steadily increasing losses on Adolf Hitlers sDrlnft re serves his dtvebombinjf planes and his swarms of tanks American and British fanks as well as new warplanes were said to be supporting the red army all along the 1800mile eastern front where the Germans stabbed at Russian positions at various points seeking soft spots for attempted breakthroughs Independent military observers said the Germans were attacking 311 the Kerch peninsula by land ea and air The Germans pre sumably were shelling the Rus sian Crimean positions from the Black Sea using submarines and gunboats The Russian Black Sea licet was reported to be playing an important role in support of the soviet Caucasian army bringing down German planes and bom barding German advance forces and rearline positions Opinion in Moscow was divided as to whether the Germans were making a major attempt to mop up the Crimea and crush soviet resistance at Kerch Sevastopol and other points or whether they to outflank Rostov to the north above the Sea of Azov and drive upon the oil fields of Caucasia Wednesdays soviet high com mand communique reported that nothimr of significance hat occurred overnight on any of the fronts but other advices reaching Moscow from lie Cri mea indicated that the red army blow for held the nazis to almost no gains The high commands communi que made no specific mention of the Kerch struggle nt the gateway to the Caucasus oil fields but told of the annihilation of parts of one of Hitlers spring divisions idcn tnfed as the 530th in fierce fight ng in an unldentifed sector ASSERT 40000 MADE PRISONER IN5DAYBATTLE Red Report of Little Change Contradicts Germans Assertions BULLETINS LONDON Hitler lias salhcred perhaps 2000000 of his best combat troops In the Ukraine and is reported to be usinf 2000 dive bombers to smash through the Kerch pe ninsula in the Crimea but in formed quarters here Wednes day discounted his claims of having driven a breach into the Russian lines The Berlin claim to the capture of 40000 soviet troops was believed fn London to be greatly exaggerated Military dispatches reaching Moscow said squadrons of nazi dive bombers were droning ahead of Hitlers spring reserves at various points along the 2000 mile front attempting to bl open paths for infantry drives after driving the 100 to 200 yards Russians back BERLIN1 German Broadcast Recorded by OP al New York The high command Wednes day night said that German and Rumanian troops on Monday had fouffhl their way to the Sea of Azov and had won a victory in the battle of lie Kerch pe ninsula in Ihe Crimea By ROGER D GREENE Associated Press War Editor Adolf Hitlers field headquar ters asserted Wednesday that the critical fivedayold battle to break through on the Isthmus of Kerch in Uie Crimea gateway to the Caucasus oil treasures had been decided with the annihila tion of Russians encircled there and the capture of 40000 prisoners Heavy fighting continued Dispatches indicated that after breaching soviet lines at the entrance to Kerch peninsula the Germans had nearly 50 miles to go to reach Kerch Cilv just across the narrow Kerch strait from the Caucasus The battle regarded as a jest phase or Hitlers longheralded spring offensive started last Fri day along a 12mile front on the peninsula While tlie Germans claimed a smashing victory a soviet mid day communique reported no substantial changes overnight This would indicate that neither side had scored any major gains The Berlin radio broadcast a German war correspondents de scription of Ihc battle declaring lliat more than 2000 Stuka bombers smashed the firsl sov iet lines and cut a path for the first infantry advance Another German account in Hit lers newspaper said wave after wave blazed the Russians blotted out fortified villages razed for blast tifications to the ground silenced Russian artillery and destroyed f imaaiui cuuiiury ana destroyed At one point these fresh Ger bunkers machinegun nests and man reserves possessing a nu tanks in great numbers merical superiority of four to one Soviet dispatches said the were said to have met disaster al was developing steadily but gave the hands of the red army forces no hint of a major nazi victory ami said the attack was evidently far cry from the smashing offen Stormovik planes commanded bv Lieutenant Mospanov in raidin a German airdrome had set 19 enemy planes on fire and dam aged 22 others Dispatches from the front said the Black sea fleets air arm destroyed more than 20 German planes and repulsed an attack on a city presumed to be Kerch Russian places also were striking the Germans hard at other points in the Crimea A squadron swooped down on a German truck column destroy ing 21 trucks loaded with troops Hundreds were killed The Germans were throwin planes especially dive bombers into the Kerch attack on a whole sale scale The soviet communi que supported this report it said a total of 102 German planes were shot down Sunday and Mon day The Russians lost 16 planes Monday An official dispatch said a Ger man formation of 50 planes hail been reduced to nine since the beginning of the attack On Monday the communique asserted the soviet air force de stroyed seven German tanks 27 motor vehicles loaded with troops They said that some months and supplies three field guns 18 ago one of the prisoners went to rnacnine guns besides blowing up Detroit to sell a block of the bogus stamps at half price to the purpl gang which in turn was to teali a substantial profit by turning I stamps in for defense bonds Members of the Detroit gan however not only turned dowu the offer but considered it their patriotic duty to let the treasury department know what was up n u urn inc smasning olien It asserted Hint a squadron of I vcs launched by the Germans at StOrmOVllv nlnnOC fnmmlnrlfI tilt1 CPTVfm fn IPctnr and supplies three field guns 18 machine guns besides blowing up two ammunition dumps sinking ii schooner demolishing a railway train and two locomotives and dis persing and partly destroying a he German platoon of cavalry and a company of infantry The Russians were believed to be hammering German tanks ef fectively with low flying Storrr ovik planes using an especially made armor piercing bomb this season in western Europe in 1940 and in the Balkans in 1941 Tlic Russians conceded how ever ihal H was the strongest attack the Germans have made so far this spring In a special communique the German high command declared The battle to bridge through on the Isthmus of Kerch has been decided H concluded with the annihilation of the enemy forces encircled there Pursuit of the beaten remain der of llic enemy is being con tinued in the direction of Kerch The nazi communique sairt that in addition In the soviet prisoners nearly three divisions the Russians had lost 137 tanks 598 funs 2KO war planes and countless other war material V DNB the German news agcncv asserted that nazi troops were thrusting far beyond the Par patsch positions on the neck ot the Kerch peninsula and de clared Resistance of the first soviet defense line has been broken by artillery fire Infantry is being thrown into the attack Latest Moscow dispatches said only that powerful axis and soviet armies fought on across the nar row Crimean panhandle with the Germans throwing masses of cav alry tanks planes and troops against the Russian defenders During May 12 on the Kerch peninsula severe battles took place with the enemy a soviet communique said A Vichv French broadcast said the Germans supported bv Rumanian Iroops opened Ihc offensive by landing behind red ;