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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 12, 1948, Mason City, Iowa 1 NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION imnn YOU UV Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MAY 12 1948 This Paper Consists ot Two One No 184 Marshall Sees No Direct Settlement by U S Russ on International Issues of State Marshall said Wednesday inat u Kussia is seriously interested in improving world conditions mere is urgent need for action through the United Nations in a news conference statement Marshall ruled out the possibility or a direct 2nation settlement by the United States and Russia of problems also concerning other governments Marshall said in the statement that Ambassador Walter Bedell ith had not asked Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov for any general discussion or negotiation Molotov had said that Smith proposed discussion and negotiation and publicly announced that RusJ sia had accepted That was in a worldstartling Russian broad cast Monday night Moscow We have had a long and bitter experience with such efforts Marshall said This government had no in tention of entering into bilateral negotiations with the soviet gov ernment on matters relating to the interests of other govern ments The discussion of any propo sals in regard to outstanding is sues which the soviet government may have in mind must as a mat ter of course be conducted in the body charged with responsibility for these questions Refers to UN This was a clear reference to the United Nations and to the various allied bodies set up during and after the war for handling such problems as the future of Germany and Austria Marshall then presented the positive side of the American at titude He asserted that what we want is action in the fields where action is possible and urgently necessary at the present time He specified issues before the United Nations security council and other UN agencies such as the Korean situation as well as Ger man issues before the allied con trol council in Berlin and Austrian treaty negotiations After he read his statement Marshall answered a series of questions from the 100 or more reporters in the state department auditorium In these he brought out ideas additional to those he had in his formal statement He read at length from a para graph of Molotovs May 9 state ment to Ambassador Smith in which Molotov declared that the policy of the Russian government has always been a peaceloving policy and one of collaboration with regard to the United States and the the U S S R intends to carry out this policy with com plete consistency Future View Important Marshall declared that he thought that the statement with reference to the future is ex tremely important that the entire world will look on to see what will happen about it He was asked whether in view of this he thought that the soviet government might now be ready to take action which the United States considers necessary in the United Nations and other existing agencies Marshall replied that he has the hope that the world now will see evidence in those fields of the spirit of reaching an accord A reporter asked why it would not be possible to ask Premier Stalin to a meeting with President Truman in Washington if the sov iet government submits concrete proposals for negotiation with the United States Marshall said he could not discuss that point that it would be one for the president The secretary emphasized sev eral times that while he has so far not determined on sending any further formal note or statement to Molotov the United States will sand ready at any time to under take normal fliploinntic inter changes when there is hope for beneficial results The state department kept busy all day Tuesday issuing the texts ot various declarations to try to set the record straight on exactly what is what Behind the scenes officials were beginning to ex plore the possibilities of what the next step might be The texts issued were these 1 A statement which Ambassa dor Walter Bedell Smith made to Molotov in Moscow May 4 The substance of this statement had been cabled to Smith by the state department although offici als here said it was expressed in his own words It was aimed these officials iaid at impressing on the Russians that the United States intends to go through with its policies for rebuilding western Europe but is not hostile or ag gressive toward the soviet union 2 The statement which Molo tov made to Smith in reply on May 9 In this the soviet govern ment assumed that what Smith had said on May 4 added up to a proposal to discuss a settlement of outstanding differences Molotov said the soviet union is in agree ment with the proposal 3 Informal comments Smith made to Molotov immediately after the ambassador had read over Molotovs reply In this Smith reiterated substantially what he said in his first statement jnd sought to drive home the point that American policy had been compelled to develop as it ERNEST BEVIN ic J X Bevin Says Reds Block World Peace London Secretary Ernest Bevin told parliament Wednesday only the communists are standing in the way of world peace I am anxious for peace anxi ous for a settlement with soviet Russia he said He added that there could be no settlement until the ground has been Bevin was replying to a ques tion by Anthony Eden wartime foreign secretary Eden had asked whether he could make a state ment about the AmericanRussian diplomatic exchange which the Moscow radio disclosed early Tuesday The Russian pronouncement had aroused hope among official and unofficial Europeans that soviet willingness to talk things over with the United States was a hopeful sign for Jasting peace The general reaction was that there may be much to gain and little to lose by such talks no matter whose idea it was Bevin criticized the Russian publicizing of the Russian and American statements saying Before the United States gov ernment received a reply from the soviet government publication was made through the Tass agen cy While that diplomatic usage goes on clearing of the ground for an understanding is almost impos sible If the ambassador of a nation cannot discuss quite frankly with the foreign minister of another country without publication ifhe cannot do that in order to bring the parties together then the sit uation is not only intolerable but peace is impossible Bevin earlier had been reported as slightly annoyed that he was not informed in advance of the exchange He was said to have felt better when he learned that even U S Ambassiilor Lewis W Doug las had no advance knowledge Violence in Nationwide Meat Strike Pickets and Workers Clash at Albert Lea and South St Paul Chicago and non strikers clashed in the nationwide meat strike Wednesday as the ma jor meat packing firms reported a growing backtowork move ment Nonstrikers tried to pass picket lines at the Swift and Armour plants in South St Paul Minn and at the Wilson plant in Al bert Lea Minn authorities said Angry pickets used force to turn back nonstriking workers at tempting to enter Swift and Ar mour meat plants at St Paul Use Police Force South St Pauls entire police force reinforced by sheriffs dep uties struggled to restore order as hundreds of pickets milled through narrow streets overturn ing cars and defying the small bane of lawenforcement officers District Judge W A Schultz who recently denied both Swift and Armour temporary injunc tions against illegal picketing by the striking CIO United Packing house Workers union arrived on the scene and said he might seek Gov Luther W Youngdahrs aid dont like this he told a picket standing near him You people are going to have to obey the law 2 IVten Arrested No one was reported injured seriously in Wednesdays fighting Two men were arrested and 2 others may be named later in warrants A similar incident at Albert Lea Minn 120 miles south of Minneapolis brought sheriffs depvities streaming to the scene Cars there also were turned over and several persons were reported injured Massed pickets finally disband ed at Albert Lea but the bulk of the strikers retired only a short distance from the Wilson and Co plant there and continued to boo employes returning to their jobs The violence came as UPW headquarters in Chicago a n nounced it would launch an in vestigation of an agreement reached between its stock han dlers and the union stockyards Refuse Approval The international office of the union refused to ratify the agree ment which was accepted by unan imous vote of the locals 400 mem bers It said a hearing officer would Britis Forces Prepare to Quit Holy Land Friday be appointed to locals action investigate the has by what Smith called Russias in Europe Short Punch St Louis Mo UR Mrs Mil dred Boers 39 filedsuit for di vorce from her husband Henry 53 a circus midget She said her 4 foot husband stood on a chair and punched her in the eye Weatker Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and cool Wed nesday night Partly cloudy and mild Thursday Low Wednes day night 43 High Thursday 60 to 65 Iowa Partly cloudy extreme west and cloudy central and east por tions with slow clearing ten dency moving into centra por tion late Wednesday night and into the extreme east portion late Thursday A little warmer Thursday Wednesday night 37 to 42 northwest 40 to 45 southeast The high Thurs day 65 to 70 west 60 to 65 east portion Minnesota Generally fair Wed nesday night and Thursday ex cept mostly cloudy southeast portion Wednesday night A lit south and west tie warmer Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Wednesday Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 49 45 48 Trace 7fi 54 Delay Verdict on Talk Ban Education Board Hears Political Rule Protests Vinton state board of education has delayed until nex month a decision on whether to modify its rule banning politica candidates from speaking in facil ities of institutions controlled by the board David Dancer board secretary said after a daylong hearing Tuesday at which various groups protested the ban that it is cus tomary for the board to delax action for one month following hearing The next board will be June 29 Register Protests Most of the groups registering protests Tuesday were from the University of Iowa They included the American Veterans Commit tee the University Students for Wallace committee and the Uni versity Young Democrats and Young Republicans organizations A telegram from the Iowa State Teachers college chapter of Stu dents for Democratic Action and a copy of a resolution adopted at a meeting of the University of Iowa chapter of the American Association of University Profes sors both urged modification of the boards policy James Goodwin of Fort Madi son chairman of the University of Iowa Young Republican organiza tion said The young generation should have the opportunity to participate in politics W R Boyd of Cedar Rapids a board member asked why stu dents didnt read what the candi dates have to nay in the news papers and listen to candidates on the radio Want Candidates in Person Robert Tyson of Shcnandoah who accompanied Goodwin an swered that the students wanted to see the candidates in person People generally dont take ad vantage of the press ancl radio services he said David G Coffing 23 of Vinton chairman of the students for Wal lace committee at the university said he felt students are denied freedom of Speech by not being allowed to hear candidates of our choice W S Rupe of Ames a board member said he believed the board and the students are equal ly interested in free speech but both are groping in the dark to find the right answer which would allow the use of campus facilities within reasonable bounds State Puts Approval on Hospital Plan Des Moines to onstriict 9 new hospitals in Iowa a total cost of under federal aid program have been pproved by the state the Iowa health department said Wednes day The hospitals arc proposed for Bloomfield Keosauqua Green ield Winterset Algona Man chester Waukon Maquoketa and R C Hanlon director of the departments division of hospital ervices said the proposals will Je submitted to the Kansas City office of the U S public health service for approval flope for Summer Start Hanlon said it was hoped to start construction this summer The 9 projects would increase Iowas hospital bed capacity by 252 at an average cost of uer bed The federal governments share would be The federal government will contribute for every sup plied by county community or ionprofit organization under a program estimated to result in an additional worth ot lospilal facilities in Iowa over the next 5 years The 9 proposals came from among 18 communities having top priority rating in the program The other communities with top priority have not yet taken initial steps with the state on their proj ects because they do not yet have the local portion of the financing available Funds Still Available The health department still has in federal funds avail able from the first federal allo cation It will be used for addi tional allocations to the 9 com munties whose projects have been accepted if developments show the cost of construction is greater than present estimates The 9 proposed hospitals their locations the bed capacity of each the total cost of each and thefederal aid for each follow Davis County hospital Bloom field 34 beds total cost federal participation Van Buren County Memorial hospital Keosauqua 20 Adair County Memorial hospi tal Greenfield 23 145 AP Vircphoto UAW PICKET pickets march around the Chrysler corporations Dodge plant in Detroit Mich Wednesday as 75000 workers went out on strike Military Manpower Measure Runs Into Segregation Issue Washington senates military manpower bill bumped headon Wednesday into the explosive race segregation issue Even before the compromise measure blending a 5year draft revival with a voluntary training program for 18yearolds hit the floor officially angry southern senators promised a red hot fight And when southerners talk fight in the senate they often mean filibuster What they want is a provision in the bill guaranteeing every enlisted man the right to serve only in a unit of his own race Senator Russell DGa asked the armed services committee to approve such an amendment Tuesday but the committee turned him Madison County Memorial hos pital Winterset 36 St Joseph Mercy hospital Al gona 39 Delaware Countv Memorial hos pital Manchester 27 Veterans Memorial hospital Waukon 20 Jackson County Public hospi tal Maquoketa 38 846 Jefferson County hospital Fair field 25 Des Moines Man Burns to Death in Truck and Auto Collision Wilton man was dead and a woman was in an Iowa City hospital Monday with injuries suffered in a collision of a semi trailer truck and an auto Both truck and car burned The man was identified ns Wes ley J Turnipseed 28 oC Des Moines He was trapped in the cab of the truck and was burn ed to death Muscatine County Sheriff Fred Nesper said The truck was hauling a load of auto mobiles The woman Miss Margaret Bottomley a nurse in a doctors office at West Liberty was tak en to a hospital in Iowa City She was not believed seriously hurt She was driving the auto the sheriff said The truck overturned on the bridge and caught fire down 7 to 4 Senator Maybank who cast one of the losing votes served this warning on hig col leagues The day that this bill comes to the senate floor I will make speeches and offer amendments until the issue is cleared It can not be allowed to pass in its pres ent form Russell added this I cannot vote to take boys of my state between the ages of 18 and 26 against their desires into the armed services with the def inite knowledge that the com manderinchief proposes to in termingle all of the races at the first opportunity Maybank and Russell along with Senators Byrd DVa and Hill others who voted for the segregation provi have been active in the Dixie revolt against President Trumans civil rights program Parly Strife Flares This was the first lime how ever that the democratic party strife spilled over into any phase of the preparedness program Mr Truman laid before congress in his St Patricks day speech The armed services committee has been wrestling ever since with the draft and universal military training requests the president outlined in that address Newsmen who asked Chairman Gurney RS Dak whether the segregation question might jeop ardize the compromise bill finally worked out were given this reply I am not making any forecasts but I sincerely wish thai issue never had been raised Russell strode from the com mittee session which rejected his amendment and shortly issued a crackling statement The amendment did not en force segregation he said It only preserved freedom of choice to the individual as to the race oi the military unit in which he is forced to serve Cites Figures The Georgian then cited figures which he said indicate higher dis ease and crime rates for Negro organizations in the last war He added armers May Get Income Tax Break Washington House Ways and Means Committee has approved a plan to give farmers a better income tax break if they spend money on soil and water conservation The plan was originally spons ored as separate legislation by Reps Curtis RNebr and Thomas E Martin As approved the new feature will be incorporated in the committee general tax revision bill Under the present law mos outlays for soil and water con serving land improvements are rated c a p i t a 1 expenditures Farmers may take income tax de ductions for them only gradually over a period of years Deduct Expenses The approved plan would allov farmers to deduct these expense from their gross income when figuring their tax for the yea in which the outlays were made The provision specifies that th expenditures must be for soil an water conservation and the prc vention of erosion Included would bo leveling terracing contour furrowing con struction of diversion channel and drainage ditches control and protection of watercourses out lets and ponds planting of cover crops and windbreaks and other Still left in cy practices the category of SAME k 24 Drake Thames Professors Des MoJnes Edward R The men of the south have dis charged their full duty and more in the 2 great World wars our country has fought They stand willing to defend their country in the future But I cannot vote to compel them to serve in the army if they are to be denied the simple right to declare a preference to serve and in case of war to die in a unit with men of their own race and kind Byrd too issued a statement outlining his opposition to the pending bill He made no refer ence to the racial issue but said he opposes a combination of the selective service and universal military training proposals capital expenditures would be the purchase construction installa ion or improvement of structures ind facilities made of masonry concrete tile metal or wood such as tanks reservoirs pipes conduits canals dams wells and pumps For Current Year The proposed changes in the revenue law would apply to the current calendar year as well as future tax periods Members of the committee told a reporter they have strong hopes that the general tax revision mea sure will be approved by the house well in advance of the planned adjournment June 19 There is about however that the senate will be able to complete action on the bill by that dead line In that event sponsors of its various features expect to revive their proposals next year Chrysler Hit y Walkout 75000 UAW Workers Stride for Pay Hike Detroit ClOs 75000 Chrysler Corp employes struck Wednesday for a 3rd round of ostwar wage increases Gov Sigler immediately ordered complaint against the strikers under Michigans new Bonine Tripp labor law It requires that the slate take a strike vote before workers can valk out The CIO United Auto Workers contend it does not apply when a firm has plants outside Michigan Tesls Law Sigler told reporters that he had asked the state labor mediation soard to make a complaint to Wayne County Detroit Prosecu or James McNally Under the aw McNally then could ask a court injunction Either the law is good or Jt isnt Sigler said If its consti tutional we might as well find at now Picketing was quiet Union headquarters said the first work ers out were those at the Dodge truck plant They jumped the gun by 30 minutes The union already is raising a million dollar kitty to finance the walkout The executive board of the un ion met in special session as pick et lines were thrown about Chrys lers Detroit plants Split on Pay Issue Negotiations broke down Tues day night on wage demands of the CIO United Auto Workers The union scaled its 30 cents an hour demand down to 17 cents without success The best company offer was 6 cents an hour The Chrysler production work ers in 16 plants average about SI50 an hour now It was the auto industrys first major strike since November 1945 when the UAWCIO walked out at General Motors Corp to begin a 113clav siege It was the first big strike at Ihrysler since 1939 Arab City of Jaffa in Jewish Rule Haganah Troops Set to Seize Strategic Spots in Jerusalem Jerusalem won maj or bloodless victories in Palestine Wednesday and the British grip which has held the Holy Land for 30 years eased in the waning hours of the British mandate The British agreed to turn over to the Jews the big Arab port city of Jaffa Jewish Haganah forces in Jerusalem were set also to seize the strategic buildings of the Holy City Mandate Ends Friday Columns of British troops wound out of Jerusalem as the British forces all over Palestine prepared to Tall back to their final evacua tion beachhead at Haifa The mandate ends at midnight Friday An official communique of the Britishruled Palestine govern the last commun ique that government ever will that British high com missioner Sir Alan Cunningham will leave Jerusalem with the last of his troops sometime Friday At one minute after midnight he will board he British cruiser Eu ryalus in Haifa harbor signifying tltfe end of the British rule of the Holy Land At one minute after midnight also Tel Aviv advices indicated a new Jewish state probably to be called the State of Israel will be proclaimed in the allJewish city of Tel Aviv Its first premier and defense minister will be David Ben Gurion 60yearold whitehaired Polish Jew who for 40 years has fought for a Jewish state in Palestine Bitter Opposition The new Jewish state will hold already almost all the territory which the United Nations partition plan of last November would have alloted it But it will face bitter opposition Dispatches from Amman capital of nearby TransJordan said that already most of King Abdullahs Britishtrained and Britishsub sidized Arab Legion was on Pal estine soil Abdullah new strong man of the Arab nations promised that the Legion would be the spearhead of 30000 regular Girl 17 Sentenced Eminence Mo yearold Betty Jane Kroeger was sentenced Tuesday night to 20 years in the state penitentiary for the fatal shooting of her father Haves of Mt Pleasant and i The girl told the jury which re Daniel J Dykstra 31 of Madison j turned the guilty verdict that she Wis have been named assistant professors of law at Drake uni versi ty watched her father fatally shoot her mother then later shot her father in self defense Picketing began at one of the main gates of the Highland Park slant a few minutes before the 9 a m EST strike deadline There were no reports of any lisorders Police Commissioner Harry Toy said he had been informed by the union that nonstriking office and maintenance help would be per mitted to go in and out as here tofore Shipment of Gold Is Stolen Bangkok criminal In vestigation division announced be tween 20 and 30 armed banditf Wednesday stole an international gold shipment valued at 000 The shipment was enroute to Macao from India on a KLM Dutch plane that stopped a Bangkok overnight The bandits disguised as Sia inesl police ancl soldiers halted a truck carrying 120000 grams o gold to the customs house for safe keeping Kizar Faces Sentence for County Jail Break Knoxville Kizar 42 who pleaded guilty Tuesday to breaking out of the Maiion county jail last week will be sentenced Friday by District Judge Earl W Vincent Kizar who was captured short ly after he sawed through 4 bars of his jail cell window has plead ed innocent to n burglary charge which will be heard by a jury Monday No action has been taken con cerning 2 boys who said they gave Kizar the saw after he called from his cell and promised them EDGREN TO SPEAK Cresco W T Edgren of the state department of public in struction will be the speaker Thursday evening in Cresco at a special meeting of the Howarc county board of education callcc by Tamer Svoboda president o the board Edgren is from ie Moines and is assistant state di rector of school transportation troops of the Arab states which would seek to establish Arab rule over all Palestine Already there was fierce fight ing in the Holy Land A 4day truce in Jerusalem proper was broken during the night Jews charged Arabs started the fight ing by firing into the Jewishheld Katamon quarter Arabs charged the Jews began it by setting up loudspeakers there calling on the Arabs to surrender Jews Arabs Clash Outside Jerusalem to the west Aiabs ancl Jews fought another bloody battle around the Bab El Vad road block by which the rabs had cut for some 3 weeks he vital Jewish supply line to elAviv upon which all of Te usalems 100000 Jews depend for ticir very lives British tanks were said to be posted in strategic positions on the irings of the Bab El Wad fighting o prevent either Arabs or Jews bringing up reinforcements The ews have been fighting more han 3 days to get a convoy bring ng supplies from TelAviv past he roadblock Another battle was going on at Jewish settlements in the Kfar Etzion area about 5 miles south west of Bethlehem birthplace of Christ Arab legionnaires were seeking to drive out Haganah men ind thus secure Arab communi cations to the Hebron sector Haganah Ready Here in Jerusalem Haganah men said they were ready to move to occupy strategic points in the Holy City the instant Cunning ham and his troops departed Thc Arabs appeared to lack sufficient forces to prevent this At TelAviv the British agreed that the port of im portant port not under Jewish be turned over to Jewish administration It still was unclear whether any United Nations or other interna tioal authority would assume legal responsibility in Jerusalem when the mandate ends Pablo Azacarate chairman of n UN Palestine commission told the press here Wednesday that a United Nations secretariat headed by himself would take over on an emergency basis He said the first task of the secretariat would be to seek a truca for all Palestine The International Cross still hoped for a Truce of God in Jerusalem to safeguard the holy places of the city ;