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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 12, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME C r c t r A T r OF II S T 0 3 Y A J 0 ARCHIVED MOINCS I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MAY 12 1914 Tius Paper Consists of Two Secllon One NO 1S7 Big 3 Ultimatum Is Given Axis Satellites to Leave Nazi Cause Washington United States Britain and Russia Friday issued a virtual ultimatum to the 4 axis satellites declaring that they decide now whether must decide now intend to go down to utter defeat with Germany Addressed to Hungary Ro mania Bulgaria and Finland the declaration stated there is yet time for the people of these 4 satellites to contribute to the inevitable allied victory While it extended no promises of easy treatment to the satellites if they jumpoff the German wagon now the declaration made clear that every day they remain at Germanys side brings more disastrous consequences to them and more rigorous terms which will be imposed upon them1 The 4 nations the document said still have it within their power by throwing their whole weight against the nazis to shorten the war and contribute to the allied victory While these nations cannot escape their responsibility for having participated in the war at the side of nazi Germany the 3 powers warned the longer they continue at war in collabora tion with Germany the more dis astrous will be the consequences to them and the more rigorous will be the terms which will be imposed upon them The text of the declaration Through the fateful policy of their leaders the people of Hun gary arc suffering the humilia tion of German occupation Ro mania is still bound to the nazis in a war now bringing devasta tion to its own people The gov ernments of Bulgaria and Finland have placed their countries in the service of Germany and remain in the war at Germanys side The governments of Great Biitain the soviet union and the UmWi States think it right that these pcowjes should realize the following facts 1 The axis satellites Hungary Romania Bulgaria and Finland despite their ifcalizntion of the in evitability of a crushing nazi de feat and their desire to get out of the war are by their present policies and attitudes contributing the materially to the strength of German war machine 2 These nations still have it within their power by withdraw ing from the war and ceasing their collaboration with Germany and by resisting the forces of nazism by every possible means to shorten the European struggle diminish their own ultimate sac rifices and contribute to the al lied victory 3 While these nations cannot escape their responsibility for having participated in the war at the side of nazi Germany the longer they continue at war in collaboration with Germany the more disastrous will be the con sequences to them and the more rigorous will be the terms which will be imposed upon them i These nations must there fore decide now whether they in tend to persist in their present hopeless and calamitous policy of opposing the inevitable allied vic tory while there Is yet time for them to contribute to that vic tory Italian Drive Is Related to Invasion By MACKENZIE Associated Press War Analyst The Hitlerites are doing some frenzied guessing when they say that the powerful allied offensive in Italy is the opening of DDay but one wouldnt dispute the somewhat more cautious prognos tication over the German con trolled Paris radio thnt the gong has sounded for the curtain to in fact it has not already risen In short Paris radio thinks that the Italian upheaval is intimately related to the invasion of western thats a logical con clusion However while 1 think we may expect coordinated allied opera tions in all European theaters in support of the great amphibious invasion of France yet that doesnt necessarily mean that all heaters will come into action at the same time The various blows the Russian front in Italy and at numerous points in west ern Europe might be inaugurated at different times Thus while all the indications arc that the big allied drive against the Gustav line is calcu lated to support the invasion of France its beginning doesnt ipso facto mean that DDay aetuallv has arrived We shall avoid frayed nerves if we take things in stride and let actual developments speak for themselves The attack by the American and British armies is described as the most powerful allied assault yet made in the Mediterranean theater That isnt surprising since there haxe been indications for a considerate time that the allies were getting set therefor something big It wouldnt be strange by the way to see the Anzio beachhead boil up shortly This new offensive will serve n double purpose Its calculated 1 to keep Hitler from removing troops from Italy to the invasion areas of western Europe and per haps even compel him to rush reinforcements to Italy and 21 to finish up the uncompleted job of clearing the Italian peninsula of the enemy up to Rome PRIEST ARRIVES FROM MOS Rev Stanislaus Or lemanski above landed hi Seattle Wash after conference with Premier Stalin He had no comment to make on his much publicized trip vgZ m m Communications From Norfolk Nebr Cut Off by Heavy Flood Omaha in north east Nebraska was cut off from communication with the rest of the slate Friday but broadcasts by radio station WIAJ there in dicated floods which partly inun dated the citv has caused no loss of life The station broadcast Friday morning that water was 2b feet deep in the lobby of the principal Norfolk hotel and that 7 inches of water covered Norfolks main street Associate Editor Dorothy Huse Nyberg of the Wayne Her ald 20 miles northeast of Norfolk said The radio station she said warned residents away from the Norfolk business district and asked that Yankion S Dak au thorities be advised not to send I regularlyscheduled buses to Nor folk The city could not be reached by either telephone or telegraph nnd the American Telephone Telegraph test board in Omaha said the Associated Press news service to the Norfolk News was disrupted because the basement of he News building was full of water 200 Names Starting With Q Are Sought Clcmson S Car college is sending out an S O S for 200 names beginning with the letter Q In ID28 Prof J P LeMaster inaugurated a system of alphabetical naming of the cows in the college herd Natural progression through the alphabet has got the college in its present quandary 200 calves arc born at j Clcmson each year Japs Seize Control of R R in China By RICHARD C BERGHOLZ Associated Press War Editor Japanese invaders In China held complete control of the northsouth railway linkingPeip ing and Hankow and maintained crushing pressure on Loyang Fri day but in India were rocked by a mighty 2day allied air blow In the central Pacific Japans big base at Truk shook under a coordinated onetwo aerial punch while other defensive posi tions in the Pacific were ripped by farflying American airmen Chungking acknowledged the Japanese conquest of the Peiping Hankow railroad and tacitly ad mitted several forces of Chinese troops were trapped east of the railroad apparently destined to turn to guerrilla warfare Bitter fighting raged around Loyang west of the railroad Jap anese columns infinitely better equipped than the Chinese are pressuring the city from at least 3 directions and are within miles of Loyang at one point One of the largest allied air Heels ever concentrated on a single target in the IndiaBurma fighting poured almost 200 tons of bombs on an enemy fortlicd arcaof 1200 square yards south west of Imphal near the border One pilot said the target just went up in chunks The air blows at Truk carried out by planes from the central and southwest Pacific were co ordinated with air raids on ar gcts all the way from tiny Wake island 1300 miles northeast of Truk to the Schouten islands northwest of the new allied air base at Hollandia Dutch New Guinea The softeningup process con tinued with a new raid on Ponapc Truks eastern guardian Oroluk in the eastern Carolines and Woleai in the western Carolines were also raided Gen Douglas MacArthurs squadrons dumped 100 tons of Claims Stalin for Freedom of Conscience Chicago Ufi Marshal Josepi Sfalin of Russia was quoted Fri day by the Rev Stanislaus Orle manski Springfield Mass pries just returned from Russia as de claring he is an advocate of tin freedom of conscience and tha of worship The soviet marshal also was quoted as asserting he believed cooperation with Pope Pius XII possible in the matter of struggle against coercion and per secution of the Catholic church Father Orlemanski in a state ment given at a news conference said that in Moscow he had asked Marshal Stalin the following questions and had been given the following answers Do you think it admissible for the soviet government to pursue a policy of persecution and coer cion with regard to the Catholic church Marshal Stalins answer As an advocate of the freedom ol conscience and that of worship I consider such a policy to be in admissible and precluded Do you think that the cooper cration with the Holy Father Pope Pius XII in the matter of struggle agiiinst coercion and per secution of the Catholic church Is possible Marshal Stalins answer I think it is possible The two questions and answers constituted the only direct quota tions of Marshal Stalin in Father Orlcmanskis recital of his visit to Moscow which stirred up consid erable controversy in political and religious circles The Springfield priesi lalkin to reporters as news reel cameras ground declined to answer an questions He presented the state ment also read from a little black notebook but waved all questions aside with no questions no ques tions please He said he had obtained ap proval of the American state de partment to make the trip to study the Polish question and af ter asking soviet approsal thrnugl the Russian consulate in Nev York had finally received on in vitatlon direct from Marsha SYNTHETIC OIL PLANTS HIT BY U S BOMBERS Allies Continue Effort to Paralyze Nazi War Machine Before Invasion I London tJP American heavy i ombers attacked 4 major syn hetic oil plants in the Leipzig area of Germany and one at Brux nsidc old CzochoSlovakia Friday n the mounting campaign to para the German war machine ihead of the western invasion A great armada of nearly 2000 Flying Fortresses Liberators and escorting fighters carried out the stunning blow against the very leart of Hitlers mobile fighting force and according to running Berlin radio accounts battled the German airforcc all the way across Germany to rcacii their targets attacked inside Ger many included the big Leuna oil plant at Merseburg 18 miles west ntzken dorf 14 miles south of Halle and one at Bohlen just outside Leip zig and Zietz The RAF threw some 700 bomb ers into the offensive blasts at key rail centers in France and Bel gium Thursday night With Amer ican and RAF lighter bombers lighter bombers and fighters shuttling across the channel all day in attacks on German air fields and defense installations in northern France he 28th day of the unparalleled air offensive zip eareil to have produced one of he heaviest onslaughts of the ALLIES GAIN WITH BIG DRIVE IN ITALY LITTLE CHANGE MADE IN IOWA DRAFT POLICIES Lancaster Declares Local Boards Given Greater Latitude Other German targets not im ncdiately identified were blasled ilso by the great force of Ameri an heavy bombers First bomber crews back from crmuny said they ran into heavy Wedges Pierce Gustav Line Fierce Barrage Precedes Offensive Allied Headquarters Naples 5th and 8th armies have tiiiLu rriinv I launched the greatest drive in Mediterranean warfare in the jump special order of the div v off of allied spring offensives and have smashed wedges in the Gustav iark was read to all Clark Assures Men Theyll Be Successful BULLETIN With 5th Army Italy Gen Mark W Clark sent his 5th army into action with the assur ance lhal we can and will destroy the German armies it can be ie Friday Ilcrshey Report on Iugc 2 DCS Moines of selective service in Iowa will be changed very little as the result of policies announced Thursday night by national headquarters Col Ralph Lancaster assistant stale selective service director said Friday There will be no blanket de ferments he asserted Each in dividual case will be adjudicalcd on the individual merits The lo cal boards have been given great er latitude however through a change in the basis for classifi cation The change is from the basis of support of the war effort to the national health safety and interest This is particularly true as it pertains to men over 29 lak but contrary to the claims of years of age1 German broadcasts saw few As to classification those in the roup will not gel Stalin to go to Russia Father Orlemanski said h talked through an interpreter to Marshal Stain for 2 hours and 15 minutes at the Kremlin after an hours conference with Foreign Commissar Vyacheslav Molotov The priest asserted he weal lo Moscow ns a private citiycn and not as n representative of the Catholic church nor as an ambas sador of the United States state department I am not a communist he said adding that I am an American and that I belong to no clique no faction no party He described his trip as a mis sion to Moscow to help my church and Poland and said I have wonderful news on Poland but this will come at n later date cmy fighters Airmen who bombed the LutzI icndorf produced an estimated 3000 tons of synthetic oil that visibility was perfectand they bombed visually American medium Dombers got in the days first assaults with at tacks on airfieldsand other in stallations in northern France and channel coast residents were wit nessing one of the most impres sive displays of allied aerial might ever seen as an unending caval cade of lighter bombers and fight ers raced back and forth to the continent all morning All Folkestone on the English side rocked to some of the heav iest explosions of the war touched off on the French coast Cherbourg and Boulogne both strategic points on the invasion coast of France received the major share of the RAFs pre dawn load of some 2210 bombs while other explosives were loosed on rail yards in the historic city of Louvain in Belgium The RAF hit those and other targets at the cost of IB planes Altogether some 35 vital rail yards and at least that many oth er German defense targets have been bombed during the last 4U hours during which probably 10 000 offensive sorties have been down and between 15000 and 20 000 tons of explosives dropped on Europe by sky armadas striking from both Italy and Britain The RAFs night attack mny well have been the biggest in its new west wall campaign Channel observers reported tcirific crashes being felt from France People arc keeping all of their doors and windows open to pre vent them being broken because the vibrations are so heavy one observer said adding that so many planes arc going oul and coming back that the sky is throb bing with the pounding of their engines Describing the assault on Bou logne one RAF pilot said the first bombs hit so solidly that the citys antiaircraft batteries were dis rupted and fired crralicallv through the clouds of smoke and dust rolling up from the blasted railyards We uere about 10 miles from Boulogne when the whole sky suddenly was illuminated by a great flash another pilot said seconds later everything was black again After we bombed and 18 through 25 occupational deferment unless the state director recommends an ex ception AH will be available for induction to fill calls In the 26 through 29 group those necessary to and engaged in an activity in suppor of national health safety or in terests or in war production ar eligible for occupational defer ment If the local board deter mines those conditions have bcei met the man will be placed ii Class 2A or 2B It he docs not meet the strict specifications of a necessary man he shall be put in 1A and be available for induc tion according to the latest regu lations Registrants in the 10 through 37 group will be given occupa ionnl deferment if they arc reg ularly engaged in activity in sup port of the national health safety Interests If the board determines n reg istrant is not so engaged he shall be classed 1A and be eligible for induction Of those placed in 1A when a call is filled men will be taken in the following sequence 1 All under 26 2 All volunteers 3 All delinquents 4 AH 26 through 29 in 1A who are not necessary men I 5 Those 30 through P7 who are in 1A under the new policy We hope to fill our class from the first 3 groups although it is extremely probable many men 2l through 2 will be inducted if they arc needed to fill the calls Col Lancaster said Clark was read lo all 5th army troojis at 4 p m Thursday He lold hem that the enemy knows al icd forces will eventually ovcr un him from Z Clark predicted that the 5th irmy will press on to great and Iccisivc victories adding You have what you need lo irilce smashing blows and follow hem superior equipment heroic courage and he knowledge that wo can and vill destroy Ihc German armies It may appear to you since the lh army progress in terms of ter ritory gained during the past few nontlis has been slow that our campaign no longer is a major one 3r that it is not having a sig nificant success in the war as a whoje Clarks order said Nothing could be further from the truth You have made a con spicuously successful invasion of the continental fortress which the crmniis boasted was impregnable You have required the Ger mans to devote more than 20 divi sions to a costly and losing task of retarding the allied progress to the north You have inflicted heavy losses upon their troops and have taken more than 13000 prisoners You have placed the enemy ii his present distressing position o trying hopelessly to hold back a lied forces which he knows wil eventually overrun him from 2 di rections I have direct persona knowledge Hint the accomplish ments of the 5th army are under stood and appreciated by the gov ernments and peoples of ihc itnitcc nations Walters Denies Any Intention of Resigning bombs on trapped Japanese troops in the WewakHansa bay area of New Guinea heat ing some kind of explosive stores were touched off Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy with occasional scattered thunder showers Fridaynight and Sat urday Cooler Saturday Iowa Partlv cloudv Fridav night i vvcr on way back there was and Saturday Occasional thun flash dershowcrs in northeast and cast central portions Friday night Cooler Saturday and ex cept in extreme cast section Friday night cloudy with rain and occasional thunder showers northeast and extreme cast portion Friday night Satur day partly cloudy cooler west and south portion Friday night and south and cast central por tions Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 79 Minimum Thursday night 60 At 8 a m Friday 64 Rain 02 inch YEAR AGO Maximum BR Minimum 37 Precipitation 10 DCS Monies E Wai ters regional chief of the office of price administration at Chicago denied Thursday night that he had any intention of resigning Walters office went through a brief investigation earlier his week in connection with an al leged altercation between Walters and a regional OPA attorney I havent come back home declared Walters who resides at Harlan Iowa I am here on an inspection Record Air Support Is Given Attack By REYNOLDS 1ACKAKD Aboard Flying Fortress Over taly greatest air ar iKtda ever mobilized over Italy is smashing Friday afternoon at crman front and rear positions ihead of the 5th and Bth armies battering toward Rome As I am writing this dispatch uiiKlreds of allied heavy medium uid fighter bombers flanked by swarms of fighters are giving the iirmics of Gen Sir Harold H L Alexander allout air support The biggest force of Flying Portresses ever to support a land operation is showing the way to the massive aerial fleets The forls arc commanded by Col Her bert E Rice of Newport News Va and Granville N Y There must be at least 3001 planes over Italy Friday Froir this fortress I can see the robin egg blue sky of Italy dotted wit them roaming over hundreds o square miles of terrain lying be tween our soldiers and Komc They arc smacking every 5ingi German target which enable supplies of any kind to reach th German front lines This is Ihc lead plane of a bi fortress group It is called Fifr Packing Mama and the name i symbolized on the nose by ilrawing of a redhaired leggj juxoni woman shooting a 50cali jcr machine gun Woosh Crunch A piece of flul ot us in the nose U made hole in the nose One chunk goc through and embeds itself in th Mae West lifebelt of the bombar dicr 1st Lt Leonard H Kellj former oil salesman from Sanl Monica Cal Kelly isnt eve scratched and he is laughing an saying over the intercommunica lion phone Its okay Just a piece of fla the size of a golf ball Didnt liur me a single bit Another chunk cracks the iglass about Hie pilots head doesnt do not eve to the pilot whose head is a fe inches away He is Rice the group commander We are coming out over the seaside at Civita Vccchia and I can see the smoke mushrooming IT GEX MARK W CLARK lan a mile at one point front spatches said at noon Friday The big push along a 25mile out from Cassino to the sea ruiiched forward at II p m hursday night under a record tattering artillery barrage and lock troops won initial objec vcs at a number of points Hun reds of planes and big naval uns supported the offensive Elsewhere the Germans were csisting fiercely still blocking ie way At one unspecified point at cast the allies had thrust ahead 000 yards in gaining their first oals Attacking on the Cnssino sector army men crossed the Rapidn nd Gari rivers and pushed on a lispatch said and airmen report id the attack to the right of the appeared to be going ihead The Germans loosed flood US waters from Ihc Rapido system The land gains wore wedges iriven into the German defenses but these were merely part of a general program of ripping away he lines of the powerful German mountain positions Allied air power in incessant pounding of nazi communications has kept all northsouth rail lines in Italy severed since March and the land attack came as She world awrtifctl a rrossfhannel in vasion French troops went into action first making a surprise thrust 15 minuses before the artillery open ed up all across the peninsula anri especially in the Garigliano and Cassino sectors where the 5th and 8th armies attacked Other troops attacked simultan eously with the start of the bar rage Initial objectives included high areas of strategic importance and operations including scaling steep hills British and Indian forces of the 8th army crossed the Rnpido and Gari rivers early Friday pressing on toward first objec tive in the Gustav line a front dispatch from Canadian Press War Correspondent Douglas Arnaron declared The Gari is a small stream 1 to 5 miles south of Cassino running between the Rapido and Liri rivers H is n full allied stroke by American British Dominion Pol ish French and Italian troops Secretly regrouped Lt Gen Mark W Clarks 5th army struck on the westward flank running in from Ihc Tyrrhenian Buy Savings Bonds and Stamps from your carrier boy Chases Man He Thinks Is Burglar in House New York by a noise in his bedroom Nicho las Salomonc chased what he thought was a burglar saw a man trip and fall from a 2nd story porch Sulomonc ran downstairs and found n man lying dead on the pavement He recognized him as George E Bonczzi an old friend nnd neighbor who apparently had come to visit him Shortly nfier Bonczzis i learning of her sons dcalii died of shock Gunner Freezes to Controls1 in Death Saves 8 in Crew up behind us Irom my previous j Biljsh fron acuuamtance wuh Home I can sec c roiwald in that most of bombs latuled i Ulc Cassino sector 5 miles along the port ami railway yards inland lne lllvjng 01 j allempting to drive up the Liri 1 valley Fifth army men fought into Ihc rurKcil mountain nwss risinjt from the Gariffliano valley southwest of Cassino in an effort lo clear these heights Latest reports indicated no big offensive action had yet been launched on the Anzio beachhead below Rome some 50 miles west of Cnssino Hundreds of allied j blasled at the Germans in mam moth skysupportof the ground Washington WWThc American democratic national committee which has of them near a d factory There ure 4 ships In the iuir bor We sent the ripples circling around them but didnt touch a one At least one big fire near the docks is billowing flames high in the air Demo Group Opposed to 4th Term May Give Support to Bricker opposing Judge Tries Electric Ray Gun Then Rules It Illegal in Oklahoma Oklahoma City Judge Carl Traub of common pleas court missed U of 20 nickels a figure of Hitler with an electric ray gun then ruled that the device although purely for amusement is illegal in Okla homa because the chance isthat the players might be satisfied or he misses he misht feel he has lost Judge Traub TnI of whlth was blovv iuvav sst dicoted however lhat his Moloncy the turret gunner who manhip with the machine had i had been badly wounded died no bearing on his decision His hands closed on the grips of Roston Flying Fortress turret gunner who froze in death lo the controls of his weapon was credited Friday with saving the lives or all other members of the ciew when they were trapped by 8 nazi fighters over Lt Sam n Turner pilot of the Fortress said that Sgt Joseph Moloney son of Mr and Mrs Joseph Moloney of Boston kept his gun in apparent action even in death and supplied protection which enabled the Fortress to escape into Switzerland In a letter to young Moloneys mother Turner now back at his home in Florida wrote Only 5 the men i of which the gun causing the turret ball to continue to rotate The Germans apparently be lieved the gunner was still alive and shooting so dared not try an attack from the bottom giving time and protection to fly ihc wounded plane into Switzerland I cant say how grateful we all are lo your son He saved all lives and since he isnt here port Governor John Brickcr of Ohio if he is Ihc republican nom inee opposing President Roosevelt In a press statement Dr Glcason L Archer chairman said the committee had come to the con clusion that the only practical method of preventing the reelec tion of President Roosevelt and purging new deal influence from the democratic party may be to support a republican for prcsi ig its big guns on the Ger mans The were reported fighting desperately throwing a curtain ot mortar artillery and machinegun filx and using flamethrowers on at least one ith army sector The thundering allied arlillcry barracc was described as Ihc heaviest yet laid down in Ihis theater surpassing even lhe grcal artillery displays lhat heralded Gen Sir Bernard Montgomerys offensives in Africa Gen Sir Harold Alexander Mediterranean commander in n I IUI dent He said this decision was ls dlrectS the assault reached in conferences a scries of regional quirk of fate saved j i must thank his mother the plane the front Turner said the plane hit SC11OBY IS NAMED Chicago R Schoby of Bode Iowa chairman of the Iowa dairy industry commission Friday was named a member of the ad terrific force ivcrtising committee and newly In n prcbattlc statement LI Gen Sir Oliver Lccse successor to Gen Montgomery as 8th army commander said this battle dif fers from previous attacks of the 8th army Our task is lo assault and break through in turn a series of natural defensive positions strongly held and long prepared will great lake with but all escaped Moloncys body j created postwar planning commit each of which the Germans was recovered later when the j tee of the American Dairy associn cling lo until forced out craft was brought to the surface lion composed of dairy farmers in Our immediate objective is the by the Swiss navy J major milkproducing stales i Guslav line which has been fortt ;