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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 12, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HAS ON E R H is r MCM 4 r D E P T I 0 A D E S M 0 I nIS I 4 THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLV MASON CITY BRIGHT SPOT J ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPX NEWS fix BEHU ByPAULMALlOR MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MAY 12 1939 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 184 SENATE PASSES FARM MEASURE Reorganization Shifts Mostly Name Changing WASHINGTON These gov ernment reorganization shifts which President Roosevelt is wheedling out will prove to be more colossal in current than in future action They are mostly a mat ter of changing names on office doors National emergency council for the easiest instance has always been under the white house no matter where the di rector hung his hat The presi dent is not pro Paul Mallon posing to cur tail it but to expand it almost to the point of doubling its appro priations Last year NEC got out of congress This year Mr Roosevelt has asked 51500000 for it NEC apparently does not need a double appropriation to clip newspapers There are not going to be twice as many newspapers published this coming year But it might well use the increase for its extracurricular activities in keeping track of newsmen and federal officers out in the states for the president in a presiden tial campaign year Skillful maneuvering by which plan Coal Contract Agreed Upon UNION SHOP IS ONE PROVISION IN SETTLEMENT Conciliator States Main Demands From Lewis Agreed to NEW YORK joint bi tuminous negotiations subcom mittee agreed Friday alter a dead lock of eight weeks on a new con tract between the United Mine Workers of America CIO and the Appalachian operators covering wage and hour conditions for 346 000 miners in eight states Dr John K Sleelman con ciliator of the U S labor depart ment said the contract would include the union shop clause which John L Lewis CIO chief tain and president of tlie had insisted upon It was this demand which had deadlocked the negotiations The spokesman for the opera approval of reorganization plan j o3i L Robison of Cleveland No 2 was engineered in the sen a drafting committee would ate was of the presidents own devising He and Senator Byrnes schemed it in a white house con ference before the plan was sub mitted Their idea was to choke off any obstruction tactics by the opposition and there were some afoot by having Byrnes propose defeat cf the plan which he fa vored No Blow to Lewis Abolf tibrifeofHrthe r coaLcomroiEr sion is beingadvertised as a Roosevelt blow at John L Lewis but you will not find many black and blue marks on John Bigger and better bumps will be felt by senators Guffey Barkley Neely Minton and Wheeler An unofficial but broadly au thoritative estimate of the num ber of friends they have placed in jobs on the commission accred its Guffey with 170 Barkley 135 Neely 150 Minton 35 Wheeler 15 About 1200 of the juiciest patron age jobs in government will fall with the commission Every state was in on it always excepting of course Maine and Vermont It is true the CIO maestro cop trolled the commission but Vie commission had proved itself to be nothing and nothing trans ferred from an independent sta tus to the interior department where it will be surrounded by nothing will not hurt Uncle John severely Passing Not Mourned The memory the coal com mission will probably survive in history only as the most conspicu ous of all outstanding bureau fail ures The patronage situation there was so bad that whenever the civil service commission made its an nual inspection a large number of employes was loaded on trains and sent out into the field to get them out of the way of inspectors But the most celebrated ap pointment to the coal commission was probably that of the hotel doorkeepers daughter who could read and write but not in short hand or on a typewriter to the stenographic section because the doorman was always kind to a commissioner Not a friend of the commission remains to mourn its passing So widely acknowledged was its reputation ihat not even the sena tors who were bumped would con sent to act as pallbearers edit the contract and report back to the joint subcommittee later Friday The Appalachian conference con sists of 21 coal associations in Pennsylvania Maryland Ohio eastern Kentucky West Virginia central Tennessee Michigan and western Virginia and employs about 346000 miners Could Show Disapproval It could not be determined how manyoperators would agree to the new contract Those who do not however could register their dis approval by withdrawing from the 6 year old conference The text of 3obisonrs statement follows The joint subcommittee has completed its consideration of the subject matter to go into a neu Appalachian contract and has ap pointed a drafting committee to edit such a new document This drafting committee will promptly complete its work and report back to the joint subcommittee at p m Eastern Standard Time Friday The General Appalachian conference is called to meet ESI at which time the re port of this joint subcommittee will be made to it for such action as it may care to take thereon apen Opposes Suggested Transfer of Engineering School at Iowa U to Ames GILLETTE PLAN WINS IN FAVOR lowans Resolution on Neutrality Believed Possible Compromise WASHINGTON 7i A pro i posal by Senator Gillette D Iowa to repeal the neutrality law ancl substitute presidential re strictions on American shipping in wortime won strong bipartisan support Friday in the senate for eign relations committee Gillettes resolution drawn with the knowledge of the state department but not bearing its specific indorsement was regard ed in some quarters as a possible compromise in the confused neu trality situation There were authoritative re ports the white house had been informed by Acting Chairman Bloom D N Y of the house Stripping the commerce deJ foreign affairs committee that partment has left employes there i there appeared to be a majority with ague None knows where lie sentiment in his group for repeal is going or how long he will last of nil neutrality legislation Transfer of the foreign There were indications how merce bureau to the state depart ment was especially disheartening to morale The state department is regarded as a postgraduate frat house for Harvard and only the best frats at that In the foreign commerce bureau are non spatwearing nontead r i n k i n g business students interested in commerce Assistant Commerce Secretary Patterson once called them shirtsleeve workers with an implied comparison that was obvious Coprricbt Kine Fealnrei lnc1 Only Most Serious Emergency to Justify Proposal Survey Shows DES MOINES except tlie most serious emer gency would justify transferring the University of Iowas engi neering school to Ames now Dr Samuel P Capen of Buffalo told the state board of education Fri day He recommended limiting en rollment in the Iowa City insti tutions engineering division to 500 students however The pre sent enrollment is 4E2 Dr Capen who is connected with the University of Buffalo has just completed a survey of the State University Iowa State col lege and the Teachers college re quested by the state board after the legislature proposed discon tinuance of the engineering divi sion at Iowa City Tart of Reorganization The proposal was part uf the new republican administrations governmental reorganization scheme but it was abandoned with the stipulation that the board of education should cany out its own consolidation program Instruction in engineering was first offered at Iowa State college in 1868 The college of engineer ing of the State University was founded in 1905 Both units therefore have a long history Both have been ex tensively equipped and liberal supported x x have won a national reputation for excellence Dr Capen said Only 4 Duplications Duplication in curricular offer ings he found occurs in four out of a total of twelve branches of engineering instruction of these duplicated of ferings the Iowa State college of fers instuctlon in four engineering specialties for which it is par ticularly equipped by reason of the presence of supporting depart ments together with a course in general engineering Dr Capen said The Slate University of Iowa offers instruction in three special ties which are either related to the work of other divisions of the in stitution or are made possible by its geographical location DrCapen participated in similar surveys of Iowas state educational institutions in 1915 and 1325 In 1915 three alternatives were suggested for the elimination of duplication of instruction Of the three the survey group favored union of the two engineering schools atAmes but all three pro posals were considered by the board to be impracticable Backs Boards Fosition The survey committee of 1925 approaching the problem when both units were older larger more substantially equipped more strongly entrenched and more completely fused with the institu tional organisms of which they were a part found itself in agree ment with the position consistently taken by the board of education Dr Capen continued The Brookings Institution raised the question of a merger again in 1033 at a time when enroll ments had declined to the point LOOK INSIDE FOR FRANK MURPHY Launches Drive on Court Inefficiency PAGE 2 Hancock Achievement Day Planned May 18 PAGE 8 Yankees Leave Wreck of Western Opponents PAGE 9 grant college and the state u versity he continued Indeed he added Iowa the only one of the more popu lous states of the union which maintains but a single teachers college Dr Capen siad there was con siderable duplication of profes sional education in Iowa in 1915 There is still duplication o major lines among the three insti tutions No new duplications re developed since 1925 however he reported Duplication Area Reduced On the contrary since 1925 th area of duplication has been some what reduced Lines in which h said duplication now exists ar engineering the training of teach ers ofgeneral high school subjects the training of teachers of specia high school subjects includin home economics industrial arts commercial education and physi cal education and graduate wor in subjects basic to the profes sional curricula of the state uni versity and the state college The phenomenon of duplication of instruction among state sup ported institutions of higher edu cation is practically universal Only three states are free from it These are the states in which all higher education both profes sional and general is conducted in a single institution Dr Capen re ported Chemical Blast Hurts Minnesota U Student MINNEAPOLIS UB Donald Holzschuh 19 year old Univer sity of Minnesota student was in fair condition nt a hospital here Friday with injuries suffered when chemicals with which he was ex perimenting exploded The youth was performing an experiment in the basement of his home when the materials exploded ever that some administration leaders in congress hope to pone any debate on the neutral ity question until European ten sion abates Gillettes proposal received im mediate approval from Senators ConnaUy D Tex and Johnson R Senator George D Ga indicated he also might sup port it and Senator White R Maine said Its worth serious considera tion as a possible solution of the neutrality problem On the other hand Senator La Follette Prog one of the where the transfer would not have necessitated additional buildings at Ames The Brookiigs report recognized however that institutional loy alties and strong public sentiment would place serious obstacles in the way of consolidation Cites Hydraulic Enginccrinc Dr Capen told the board he t he natural science has concluded now that if there must be taught was a strong reason for accepting duplication in part of the field of engineering education then in there are stronger seasons Unless he continued the state wishes to abandon instruc tion in hydraulic uhich the university has won a national reputation and toward which the legislature has made substantial appropriations for per manent equipment it would be necessary to continue instruction i Transmitted to Governor If a state maintains more than one institution duplication is un avoidable Certain subjects are either fundamental or contributory to every form of professional edu cation as well as to advanced gen eral education English mathe matics economics and certain of for example almost every TAX CUTS TO NEED NEW LEVIESF D R President in Favor of Method to Prevent Evasion by Wealthy WASHINGTON tO ioosevelt said Friday he would favor repeal of the undistributed profits tax provided some other method was found to prevent what le called legal tax evasion by the wealthy In a lengthy discussion of taxes at a press conference the presi dent emphasized again his conten ion that in place of any corpora ion levies repealed there would iave to be found substitute taxes to bring in the same amount of revenue Cites Revenue Need He said the treasury would sub mit to congressional committees results of its tax studies but that they would not necessarily be in the form of recommendations Mr Hoosevelt said those who have been clamoring for removal of deterrents to business in the tax structure had failed to point oul how to raise tlie revenue thai would be lost He said his conference Wednes day with treasury officials and congressional tax experts was pri marily explorative Asked if he favored a new cor porate tax structure at this ses sion he said any increase of thi corporaterate to make up fa the 5250000000 yield lost by re peal of the capital stock and ex cess profits tax would bring com plaints from both big and little business Doubtful About Substitutes If one or two taxes are re pealed he said congress will have to find substitutes Mr Roosevel questioned how that could b done Mr Roosevelt said that if con gress adopted the theory o spreading the percentage tax there not only would be a squawk but a revolution on the part of thousand of little corporations making les than a year He anticipated the effect oE such a protest to congress by observing that as a matter of practical poli tics the house and senate would not vote to increase the levy on the small corporations nor would they vote to increase the tax on mediumsized corporations Would Complain The net result he said would be that the would have to be raised of necessity out of the pockets of the relatively small number of larger corporations and that a complaint could be expected from them He said he believed that the whole picture of socalled deter rent levies should be presented to the public by the newspapers He was concerned Jest the need for replacing revenue from repealed taxes would be subordinated to de mands for repeal of the laws Favors Argentine Product President Roosevelt said he was in favor of the navy buying Ar gentine canned beef because it is cheaper and infinitely better than the American product The navy appropriation bill as passed by the house would pro hibit purchase of Argentine beef Mr Roosevelt said that if the provision is not changed the navy will have to buy American canned beef at 23 cents a pound eight cents more than the imported product costs and that the navy would receive an inferior grade of food He said he had directed the navy department earlier to accept the low bid of the Argentine meat producers cooperative Prettying Up the City Reaching to new comer of the Foresters see for ttutli AVigdahl with her paintbrush as one phase of the cleanup palntup fixup and modernize campaign to be ob served next week in Mason City under Junior Chamber auspices Miss Wigdahl a high school juniorIs the daughter of the Rev and Mrs Oliver L N Wigdahl 220 Second streetnortheast Lock photo Ivayenar enjf higher educational institution This fact is now commonly understood and it is not a cause of public concern7 Dr Capen delivered his report to the state board of education at Cedar Bapids Tuesday A commit tee from the board transmitted it to the governor The committee consisted of W AAA HAH Earl Hall of Mason City Miss OH City Anna B Lawther of Dubuque and T W Keenan of Shenandoah FOG SLOWS UP KINGS VOYAGE Liner Pokes Cautiously Through Heavy Mists of Iceberg Region ABROAD THE EMPRESS OF AUSTRALIA Canadian The liner Empress of Australia poked cautiously through mists in the iceberg region of the north Atlantic Friday at speeds rang ing from 18 down to five knots again slowing the voyage of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth on their way to Canada and the United States The ship forced by heavy fog to drift idly for 24 hours got un der way again at a m CST but made little more than 18 knots in the first three hours She was forced to a standstill occa sionally because of the poor visi bility The royal parly awoke Friday j morning to hear the ships siren giving long blasts every two min sign the ship was under way again Since early Thursday her siren had sounded a double blast at frequent intervals reminding those aboard they were at a stand still about 50 miles off Cape Race Newfoundland During the halt the liner received radio reports of the exact whereabouts of ice bergs common in the region Despite the fog the king and queen were expected to land on time at Quebec next Monday morning Britain and Turkey Agree on Defense LONDON Britain added strategic Turkey to her Eu ropean security lint up Friday as the two governments pledged aid to each other in event of an act of aggression leading to war in the Mediterranean area The pledges were announced in the house of commons by Prime Minister Chamberlain pending conclusion of a definite long term agreement of reciprocal character in the interest of Iheir national security Chamberlain Sidesteps Asked whether an act of ag gression leading to war in the Mediterranean meant an act of aggression anywhere or only in the Mediterranean the prime minister sidestepped with the an swer U means an net of aggression which leads to war in the Medi terranean area Pending completion the defi nite agrccmenl the prime minister said The British government and the Turkish government declare that in the event of an act of ag gression leading to war in he Mediterranean area they be prepared to cooperate effectively INCREASES ARE PROVIDED OVER BILL BY HOUSE Record Appropriation Is Provided in Action WASHINGTON record farm appropriation bill passed the senate Friday The annual agriculture measure now goes back to the house for consideration ol more than 338 000000 in increases The senate failed to decrease a a single item previously approved by tile house but inserted or in creased more than 100 items Would Improve Income Most the funds in the big bill would be used in an effort to improve farm income and prices either through direct benefit pay ments to farmers or government programs to remove farm sur pluses The senate approved 000 for parity payments to farm ers in addition to 5500000000 for soil conservation checks It also Gillette Is Among Senators Voting for Farm Measure WASHINGTON is the vote by which the senate approved Friday the 51218000 000 farm measure For the bSll Andrews Ashurst Barklcy Bilbo Brown Bulow Byrd Byrnes Caraway Chavez ConnaUy Donahcy Downey Elleuficr George Gil lette Glass Green Griffey Har rlson Hatch Hayden Hill Hughes Johnson of Colo Lee tpffan Lucas Dlaloney McKcl lar Minton Murray Neely OMahoney Overton Pepper Reynolds Russell Schwartz Schwellenbach Sheppard Slat lery Stewart Thomas of Okla Thomas of Utah Truman ncr Capper Fraxier Gurney Holman Mc Nary Nye Farmerlabor Lundccn Against the bill Democrats Burke Holt Republicans IS a r b o u r Bridges Danahcr Gibson Hale Johnson of Cal Lodge Tobcy Townscnd Vandenbergr TOiite Senator Bankhcad democrat was absent but was announced as favoring the bill Kuhn Begins Suit leaders of the socalled mandatory neutrality bloc voiced opposition DIES FROJU INJURIES DES iUOIiJES pGuy Bent Iowa City even were directed from derlaking Ames Dr Capen pointed out that Iowa belongs to the group of states that mamUiins a landgrant college i separate from the stale univcr Man Who Voted 50 Years Is Naturalized NEW YORK Kuhn president of the GermanAmeri can bund began suit Friday in federal court demanding 000 for alleged libel in the motion picture Confession of a Nazi Spy 47 of Des MoineVdied i years and then Kuhn sued as an individual and Mdc tutions in addition to the land1 a citizen fiim be cnjoirled GOSHEN Ind Bul lock who voted in everyelection for more than 50 years and then found out he was not an Ameri can citizen finally has been nat Nazi Spy Movie ola The Weather FORECAST IOWA Generally fair Friday night and Saturday except cloudy and unsettled in extreme west Friday night continucd cool Friday night light frost on low ground in cast and norlh ccntral portions somewhat war mer Saturday Sunday fair and warmer MINNESOTA Fair Friday night and Saturday not so cool in northwest portion light to heavy frost in cast Friday night warmer Saturday Sunday fair and warmer IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Thursday 59 Minimum Thursday nighl 30 At S a m Friday 54 Light frost was reported early Friday YEAR AGO Maximum SK Minimum 32 and lend eachother all aid assistance in their power Details Xot Worked Out and added 5113000000 for removal of farm surpluses These and scores of lesser items were expected to cause a lengthy conference between the house and senate because the house had re jected most OJC these increases previously Block Collon Subsidy Before passing the measure the senate had blocked an amendment to authorize a cotton export sub sidy plan Just before passage the senate refused by a vote of 42 to 28 to send the measure back to its ap propriations committee for elim ination of the benefits the senate had added to the houseapproved The motion was offered as an Chamberlain made clear that economy move by Senator John the two countries had agreed D conclude the definite longer term agreement but indicated that its details had not been worked out The announcement meant that Britain had forged another link in her chain of European security arrangements the Turkish agree in c n t supplementing British French pledges of support already given to Poland Rumania und Greece Nazi Press Agency Reports Pole Shot BERLIN If DNB official German news agency reported Friday from Landsberg close to Germanys frontier with Poland that a German fisherman was shot and killed by Poles while cross ing the river Obra in his boat The PolishGerman boundary is in the middle of the river Glass Effort Defeated Earlier Chairman Glass D Va of the senate appropriations committee had failed in an effort to win senate reconsideration oC the vote approving the additional benefits Glass an economy advocate is chairman of the senate appropria tions committee Under senate rules his motion for reconsidera tion of Ihe additional farms bene fits required unanimous consent It was blocked by Senator LaFol lette Prog who said in a loud voice I object Those trying to reduce the size of the bill planned another move however They agreed to support a motion to send the entire 000000 agriculture measure back to Hie appropriations committee with instructions to make reduc tions Waterloo Suffers I st 39 Traffic Fatality WATERLOO George Rhodes 63 Waterloo who suf fered skull and leg fractures and internal injuries Sunday night when struck by in automobile as Franco Sets Victory Parade for May 19 BURGOS Spain iP The Spanish government Friday set May 19 as the day for Generalis simo Francisco Francos victory m tsjf in ii parade of nationalist troops id she was crossing a street interact i Madrid The homcgoing of Italian lion died late Thurdiy night troops which fought with tiic na tionalists in the Spanish civil war was said to have been delayed to without regaining consciousness j She was Waterloos first traffic fa tality of 1939 permit their participation ;