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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 11, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME INSIDE San Francisco EDITORS Is an other in the series of stories about the San Francisco conference ten specially for the Globe Gazette by the Rev John D Clinton of the First Methodist church of Iowa Falls By JOHN D CLINTON SAN shouts for independence are not as noticeable as those for inter j dependence at San Francisco T Labor is here to help shouts CIOs Phil Murray as he retires to the front row on the platform i and sits beside AFLs Robert Watts Thats right You may have fig ured that lions and lambs gam boled together in Bible pastures but that you never expected to see Jabor organizations looking peace fully at each other anywhere At Frisco AFLCIO is the latest com bination as these 2 spokesmen called to the attending thousands Said Watts following Winchell at one mass meeting Coopera tion is healthier than the laws of the jungle and its time some of these senators who let their prides and prejudices cover their find it out MURRAY has hustled over the bay from Oakland io sit in and speak He told San Francisco that labor was in ses sion at the very moment in the neighbor city He helped us all remember that the World Trade union conference had just fin ished in battered old London with 45 allied and neutral countries voting unanimously for a world labor organization Then Murray let it be known that although no Paris hotels had sent invitations the whole labor tribe has set next September as the date for their coming world conference and set up meeting in that French city Before war is over to have 46 nations in San Francisco and 50 national labor groups at work across the bay at the same time is a double barreled illustration of interdependence And speaking about across the bay makes you think of all the maneuvers of countless planes at all times and that suggests that while units in the 40s represent some national gatherings aviation In Chicago last December had already gath ered experts from 54 countries and charted laws and organiza tion In world scope I was riding in on the Oakland train one morning when a down cast brother was a little bothered because he couldnt get the paint his business needed Finding I was from Iowa he said Oh you are one of the birds from that country where the farmers are going to squeeze soybean oil out of the soil some way and send it to us to help us keep going And I could assure him that I knew Iowa Falls was already sending it by the carload straight to Cali fornia at freight per tank car so the railroad could pay us her share of the taxes TNTERDEPENDENCE certainly is the And to think that one of the best San Francisco speeches on the subject was made by one of the great powers John Lawson a Hollywood sce nario writer He arose at one meeting to quote a certain Ameri can Oh this American lived a few years back but for a modern writer like Lawson with his cur rent movie vehicle for Paul Munis acting he yet felt that the world could still hustle and maybe catch up to his writer friend Thomas Jefferson Said Lavyson Today when a program of planned confusion is on I call you in the name Jef ferson to planned cooperation on a business basis with free and honest trade agreements which though dated 1793 are quite like and equal today to these we consider Had you thought of joining in the cry for interdependence It is S as new as Hollywood and labor unions and as true as Thomas the Jefferson gart Lauren Bacall to Be Married May 22 Hollywood UP Screen Toughy Humphrey Bogart and sulphurous Lauren Bacall con firmed Friday that they will be married May 22 on Author Louis Bromfields farm in Ohio The ceremony to be witnessed only by the Bromfields and Miss Bacalls mother Mrs Natalie Ba call culminates a highly public ized romance for Bogart 4J and Baby his 20 year old leading lady in 2 recent pictures It will be his 4th marriage her first Wedding plans were touched off by a divorce granted Thurs day in Las Vegas Nev to the former Mayo Methot whom Bo gart nicknamed Sluggy because of the public and private fights that punctuated their 6 year mar riage It was a very pleasant mar riage said Miss Methot although she charged Bogart with inflict ing extreme cruelty great men tal suffering and impairment her health Bogart did not contest his wifes divorce petition which said that a property settlement had been arranged Reports were that the former actress won considerably more of their joint property than the screen tough guy legally was required to give her MASOKCITY IOWA FRIDAY MAY 11 1945 or 4wo One NO 184 Bloc of Small Nations Develops at Conference DETERMINED TO HAVE SAY IN USE OF ARMIES Directly Oppose Major Powers in Plans for World Assembly Council SanFrancisco united nations conference appeared Fri day to be developing a strong bloc of small nations determined to win themselves greater author ity over the proposed use of force to prevent future wars The issue is coming sharply to the fore in conference committees considering amendments to the Dumbarton Oaks plan for world peace organization as it was drawn up by Britain China Rus sia and the United States in Washington last fall Here are cur rent top developments 1 Prime Minister Mackenzie King of Sanada told a committee on functions of the security coun cil which is the exclusive power ful core of the proposed organiza tion that any nation whose troops were to be used against an aggres sor should be permitted a voice in the councils decision to take forceful action Mexico and New Zealand indorsed this idea and Australia and several others are backing the principle Zealand suggested that the proposed1 world assemblyof which the Dumbarton Oaks plan would assign little au have the right to approve or reject any security council action This is bluntly op posed by the big powers 3 A Cuban proposition that the security council be enlarged from 11 member nations provided under Dumbarton Oaks to 14 or 15 was debated in thecommittee on the council Thursday but a de cision was delayed pending fur ther study The same general issue of the councils powers was tied into the behindthescenes dispute over regional security arrangements which has split the United Slates delegation down the middle Senator Vandenberg R Mich promised the regional arrange ments committee Thursday night that an American plan would be drawn up as soon as possible Behind the United States dead lock is increasing pressure from Latin America for an independent security system in this hemis phere This is reportedly opposed by those delegation members who contend that it the world security council is to have any chance of success it must be given full pow ers to act anywhere in the world On the other big conference is to govern the exenemy territories of both world the Big5 powers appeared to be steadily approaching an agree ment Russia and China Thursday submitted trusteeship plans These like that of the United Slates would provide for creating stra tegic trusteeships over Pacific is lands and other places having military Importance France in tends no plan of its own on this subject and the British are re ported nearing agreement with the United States contention that strategic areas need special treat ment in order to allow their de velopment as army and navy bases Russia was reported to have tossed a potentially explosive proposition into the committee on trusteeships Thursday night This would commit the united nations to the principle that colonial peo ples should be assured of eventual independence which could be come a hot point of debate for empire nations American officials had hoped to avoid discussion of colonial question here and to limit the whole problem of dependencies to that of setting up machinery for controlling former enemy terri tories Some differences between the other powers and Russia con tinued to crop up inside the con ference The latest came over a Russian proposal to have repre sentatives of a world trade union congress a nongovernmental or ganization sit with the confer ence committee studying means of social and economic cooper ation among the nations CIO President Philip Murray protested in a statement accusing the U S delegation of responsi bility for the trade union rejec tion step Expect Many Discharges in 34th Division Des Moiiies JP A division combat record of more than 500 days and receipt of more than 21 000 awards of all types were ex pected Friday to add up to army discharges for many lowans who landed overseas with the 34tli di vision more than 3 years ago and served with it continuously since then Brig Gen Charles H Grahl state director of selective service said Thursday that he thought unquestionably that men of the 34th who have been overseas as a division should have ample points for discharge although he said he hadnt made a study yet of the war departments new point sys tem for discharges He added however that there might very conceivably be men who are replacements in the divi sion who might not be qualified The Red Bull division nick name for the 34th was believed now to have about 1000 lowans more men than from any other single state The surrender of the Germans in Italy ended its fight ing in the European theater On the basis of the armys point system lowans who were original members of the division would have 90 for that many months army service and 40 for that number of months overseas Eightyfive points are required for discharge In addition all were believed to have15 points for battle partici pation stars Members of the 168th infantry the first to fight in Eur ope have an additional 5 points for another battle participation star Additional points also are giv en for dependents and individual combat awards A total of 15000 purple hearts have been awarded the division made up originally of national guardsmen from Iowa Minnesota and the Dakotas Other awards given members of the division include 9 congression al awards of honor 98 distin guished service crosses 116 legion of merit medals 1052 silver stars and hundreds of other honors in cluding 3 presidential citations The division at one time was in the front lines in continuous con tact with the enemy for 76 days 6000000 Germans May Face Trials London highly reliable source said Friday that Rudolf Hess Heinrich Himmler and Her mann Goering all have been listed by the united nations as war crim inals and there is strong possibil ity that Grand Adm Karl Doenitz will also have to face trial for his life This informant estimated that between 4000000 and 6000000 Germans might be forced to atone for their nations atrocities if the proposed plan of pool punishment is adopted by the victorious pow ers Hess and Goering both are pris oners and both were Hitler dep uties Himmler the hangman head of the gestapo is a fugitive The machinery for determining the guilt or innocence of the top ranking nazis awaits creation by the United States Russia Britain and France The issue was referred to their foreign secretaries for working out details These facts were learned how ever 1 Trials under present plans will be public on the theory that these will prove that best lesson possible to convince the German people of their errors 2 Neutral nations will bede nied a place on the bench 3 Strong sentiment exists for the trial of industrialists who used slave tabor as well as those who formulated the policies which made such conscription of for eigners possible The war crimes commission has headquarters here and has 16 members Russia is not one them The commission has the power only to make recommenda It was established definitely that the commission regards as war criminals all those who de creed directed or participated in the policies which resulted in planned undernourishment slave labor concentration camps and organized prostitution NAZI HOLDOUTS FLEE TOWARD AMERICAN LINE 3 Russian Armies Threaten to Envelop Germans in Pincers London Diehard nazi fanatics who fought on in Czecho slovakia in defiance German unconditional surrender were re ported in headlong flight toward American lines Friday as a vast pincers by 3 soviet armies threat ened momentarily to envelop them The 1st 2nd and 4th Ukrainian armies opened the on broad fronts from the northwest east and southeast when forces under Field Marshal Ferdinand Schoerner himself wanted as a war criminal and Col Gen Woehler ignored the surrender It was the only reported fight ing by German troops in all Eur ope Elsewhere the Germans were giving up docilely The soviet high command announced capture of 209060 German officers and men in preliminary checkups along the front There were 26 nazi generals in the bag Remnants of the beaten German surface and underwater fleet were in allied hands including the cruisers Prinz Eugen and Nuern berg which had shelled Copen hagen ovor the weekend These were under the sentinel guns of the royal navy in Copenhagen harbor along with 3 destroyers 2 torpedo boats 10 minesweepers 13 flak ships 19 armed trawlers and 2 armed merchantmen A report from the French press agency said French sailors in La Rochele athletic port which sur rendered Wednesday officially had taken over the German At lantic fleet units anchored there The number of vessels was not announced Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz submarine fleet was surrendering and putting in to British poris Dunkerque scene of the British defeat in 1940 bad surrendered The channel islands of Sark Jer sey and Guernsey which had been taken by the nazis shortly after the fall of France capitu lated to a British task force They were the only part of the united kingdom to have been occupied by the Germans The disarming of some 120000 Germans in Holland was under way Premier Marshal Stalin in mes sages to President Truman and Prime Minister Churchill con gratulated them on the uncondi tional surrender of nazi Germany declaring that the joint struggle of soviet American and British armies against the German in vader will go down in history as an example of fighting collab oration ot our peoples The Germans In Czechoslovakia still fighting milled about in a great 4000square mile pocket One German group threatened with encirclement by marshal Ivan S Konevs 1st Ukraine army already had begun to surrender Same 35000 were taken Wednes day and Thursday Fanatical German pilots in Czechoslovakia were reported to have used their last fuel to bomb a concentration camp where Jews were interned Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloildy with showers Friday afternoon and Friday night ending early Sat urday and followed by clearing Slowly rising temperature Iowa Mostly cloudy with light rain overspreading state Friday afternoon continuing Friday night and ending early Saturday followed by clearing Slowly ris ing temperature Minnesota Cloudy with light rain south and extreme east portion Friday night becoming fair late Friday night and Saturday Cooler west portion Friday night Warmer Saturday after noon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Thursday Minimum Thursday At 8 a m Friday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 35 39 42 65 59 Trace JiQspitalizeci for bums AP Kayenay Divide American Occupation Unit Into 12 Sections Clay to Be Deputy j j l V 1 I RADCLIFFE GETS YEAR IN PRISON FIlfcrillK 9lrf u ufshinfton A sPecia intelligence section to delect OlOl ruthlessly suppress any nazi underground activities will be part Get Blame zone of Germany mlltary government the American Thi Fridain M Radcliffe 53 Mason war department announcement of plans for the United States group which will form part of the with such problems as food agriculture and forestry fuel postoffice clerk since 1920 was sentenced Thursday by Judge Henry N Graven at Waterloo to fourpower control council for Germany The American unit will divided into 12 major divisions corresponding generally to the ministries of the German central price control and rationing the department declared This division will see to it that the Germans forced to exert all efforts to feed themselves and also to insure that the year and 1 day in the federal penitentiary alter pleading guilty to embezzlement of 52700 in government funds and falsification of records over a 9 months period ending March S Gen Dnight D Eisenhower will be the United States nations are given first consideration on essential S District Attorney T 15 Diamond told the court that private clubs and their operation of tive on the council as agreed upon at the Yalta big three meeting Lt Gen Lucius Clay will serve as deputy to Eisenhower and also will be deputy military governor for Germany the department said without amplifying this internal affairs and communications division will include among other duties supervision or public safety and control of civil police forces This unit said the announcement will concern itself with elimination of machines were responsible for Radcliffes embezzlements and Judge Graven reiterated this sentiment pronouncing sentence Radcliffe pleaded guilty to the charge attorneys stating hat he altered the stubs of checks he is ter reference Clay a secret to amounts smaller than the Pointer was attached to the divisions will issuance and appropriated fice of war mobilization and reconversion until last month when he was transferred to supreme allied headquarters The announcement said Dealing with foreign affairs domestic political matters protection of American interests in Germany and reporting political difference Defalcations by Radcliffe started after he joined the Mason City Elks club and began playing its slot machines with money he had United States army navy and air forces had perfected in with the British of traffic movements supervision of rail highway and inland water United States Attorney T E Diamond and L A Moc Radcliffes attorney told the judge and French a coordinated find port and coastal the untarnished repu gram to impose a stern of the defendant who is a government over all of of war and husband father and re and to carry out the Millions of citizens citizen this is a bard agreed upon at Yalta It did united nationshave been stated Judge Graven but however officially define the area of American occupation The creation of the in Germany and these must all be cared for and repatriated are millions and millions of public funds and thousands nnd thousands of postal clerks in the section wns a sample this decision for stern Charged with dissolving nazi who are trusted with them I cannot give judicial approval Each of the 12 divisions will share responsibility in purging all public agencies and industries of nazis but the overall and laying the groundwork for the normal growth of democratic labor organizations and probation for the stealing of public funds to put in the slot machines of the Mason City Elks club which is a participating section answerable directly Jurisdiction over in this crime General Clay will maintain of war criminals anci from slot machines are eral supervision over the entire denazification program the department said Then it added This intelligence section of proper control over allied military courts German ordinary and military courts and the returns nre only prison cells blasted lives broken homes and hungry children As soon as slot machines appear in i com also maintain surveillance over all German agencies and provide assurance that activities by nazi underground werewolves and the like will be ruthlessly Leaders to Be Tried as Traitors embezzlements jump up concluded Judge Graven According to Postal Inspector E H Mahler Mason City and R A Monroe Cedar Riul Also directly under Clay will be tWO SCCtlOHS DUblir mation and public relations The former section said the department will control all forms of public expression in Germany including newspapers radio magazines and other publications and motion pictures It likewise Francisco UR Yugoslav Foreign Miinster Ivan Subasic said Friday Gen Draja Mihailovich leader of the Yugoslav Chetniks would be tried for wartime collaboration with the nazis and undoubtedly be shot as a traitor to his they arrested him and placed him in jail Radcliffes wife and daughter Vivian 25 an employe ot the First National bank of Mason City were in the courtroom when sentence was pronounced and the father deal with the dissolution of the propaganda ministry of the notorious Goebbels and the said in an interview that the Yugoslav government headed by Marshal Tito daughter left the courtroom arm in arm The family learned of the facts only when Radcliffe ment of an unbiased and truthful press and radio out the same fate to arrested OWI Director Elmer Davis Thursday announced that all and others of the Ustashi clique who served as puppets during the German Powells Trial eign publications films and business enterprises will be will be shot Subasic said The evidence Murder Charge Public relations will be concerned with issuing communiques accreditation of already at hand is sufficient to call for a death sentence There will of course be a trial and we will call the whole world to ePj Trial of Marion Powell 5D Des Moines on a charge of murder has been set for and press censorship Rcgarditm the latter the department said Censorship in the it And if he doesnt fall into our hands we shall demand his extradition pleaded innocent Thursday to 2 separate indictments zone will be solely on the basis of military security The demobilization of German armed forces and disarmament will be attended to by 3 military divisions army naval and air A reparations deliveries and restitution division will supervise carrying out in the American lone policies agreed upon in the control council dealing with activities suggested by its title said was war minister for the exiled Yugoslav regime in London which was recognized by the United States and Britain during the early war years When the government was subsequently reorganized and Tito became prime minister Mihailovich was left out He was charged with aiding the Germans against Titos partisans Subasic said that the Yugoslav people might be called to the him with murder in the shooting of Ike Slykhuis 60 and Mike Slykhuis 33 Knoxville farmers at farm near here April 2B Powell quoted by Sheriff Jim Van Hemert as saying he shot the men in self defense after a drinking party and a quarrel will be tried on the charge involving the death of the younger Slykhuis He is in the Marion county jail Tremendous tasks lie ahead of the economic division which 3 or 4 months to determine their own political future and that of King your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier bnv BOMBERS DROP SEA MINES IN JAPAN ATTACK Attempt to Choke OK Remaining Jap Sea and Air Power By UNITED PRESS s Philippinesbased American bombers have wrecked the great Japanesenaval station at Saigon French IndoChina it was dis closed Friday while other raiding fleets rained bombs and sea mines down on Japans inland sea area in a bid to choke off the enemys remaining naval and air power in the home islands Headquarters of the U S 5lh air force in the Philippines said American warplanes gutted Sai gons oil depots and submarine and ship repair yards in 1 concen trated strikes between April 22 and May 4 They also destroyed or damaged 07 enemy merchant and naval vessels Air force spokesmen said Sai gon 2nd only to Singapore as an enemy naval station in southern waters may be useless for major ship repairs lor the duration of the war Meanwhile more than 150 Su perfortresses of the 21st bomber command hit a large naval air craft plant airfields and 2 south ern Kyushu cities around the Japanese inland sea Friday Radio Tokyo said 16 more B 29s followed through later in the day with an attack on the Kyushu sector and on the southwestern part of Shikoku island The mine1 a y i n g operations were revealed for the first time by spokesmen for the 21st bomb er command They disclosed that Superfortresses based on Tinian island in the Marianas have car ried oijt ahnosta dozen ulght min ing raids over Japan since Marcti Mines have been littered throughout the Japanese inland Fea and inside the enemys major harbors in a fullscale attempt to bolile up the oceangoing shipping that handles about 75 per cent of Japans wartime transportation In the fighting on Okinawa ma rines of the 6th division crossed before Naha They fought to within 1000 yards of the ruined city Through Wednesday 38B5B Japanese dead had been counted on Okinawa As the B29s struck again fires still were burning nearby on Ja pans main fuel storage area and synthetic oil plants from Thurs days record 400plaiic Superfor tress raid A Japanese Domei dispatch re ported by the FCC said a suicide plane had heavily damaged a large allied aircraft carrier off Okinawa Thursday A Japanese communique said Japanese forces on southern Oki nawa had killed or wounded about 12600 American troops de stroyed or set afire 134 tanks and destroyed 39 guns between April 29 and May 7 The communique also claimed that Japanese planes and submarines had sunk 8 al and heavily dam lapanrst planes renewed their attacks on the fleet off Okinawa Wednesday night a revealed Two communique auxiliary ships ivcrc damaged one of them by a sviieirle plane that shattered into hundreds of pieces on the ves sel s deck A 2nd attack followed next morning but caused no damage r j Yontan airfield also was bombed Wednesday Hits were scored on a one runway but itwas in opera tion again within 2 hours Marines and tanks crossed the Asa river estuary above Naha on the west coast al low tide orer a pontoon bridge Construction of he bridge wns delayed slightly by 2 Japanese soldiers who ap Limited gains also were made elsewhere along the 10th army line stretching within 1500 yards of the inland town of Shuri and the east coast port of Yonabaru iKonrad Henlein Slashes et for i Wrists to Take Own London Henlein gualeitcr of the Sudeteniand committed suicide in a prisoner cage Thursday by slashing his wrists with a razor blade a Reu ters dispatch from the U S 3rd army front said Friday Henlein was taken into cus tody Wednesday by 3rd army along with Karl Frank nazi gov ernor of the Bohemiamoravia protectorate They were among the German troops and nazi civil ian authorities fleeing from Prague and the Russians toward American lines ;