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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 9, 1960, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for the MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE VOL 98 The Newspaper That Makes All North lowans Neighbors Associated Press and United Press Intentional Full Lease Wire MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MAY 9 1960 Cw ThS Consist Two SectlonsSectioB On No Seek toquiet clamor over spy case One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE EGLO U300 pm Snnda WOI AMES 640 pm Tuesda WTAD Qnincy 930 pm Thurs WSUL Iowa City 910 am Sat Historys 3 most famous firecrackers7 NOT LONG AGO I stood a the exact spot where in 1945 historys 3 most famou firecrackers came into being The word firecrackers I should explain to listeners is in quotation marks And what Im really saying is that I was a vis itor in Los Alamos N Mex The huge building in which the three atomic bombs were pu together has been demolished tc make way for the developmen of an atomic center with more interest in the peaceful uses o nuclear fission than in its un speakably destructive potential The first of those three weap ons was of course exploded over the desert at Alamogordo some 300 miles to the south of Los Alamos The second brough death and destruction to Hiro shima Honshu Island Japan The third was dropped on Naga saki a secondchoice target on Kyushu island If there are historians on hand a thousand years from now or 10000 years from now they al most surely will refer to the product of that structure on the desert wastes 50 miles northwes of Santa Fe as the line of de marcation between two eras in the annals of the human anima prenuclear fission and postnuclear fission BUT WHAT WAS ONCE un populated wasteland for the most part is no longer that Los Alamos is a community with up wards of 15000 population and the United States investment in the project is on par with per haps even a little greater than that spent on the widely pub licized quarter of a billion dol lar Air Force Academy at Colo rado Springs You just about have to see it to believe it There are so many vastly in teresting things about the instal lation and the community which has sprung up around it wholly under government direction that I hardly know where to start in describing it Perhaps a bit of history might be in or der as a starter The atomic weapons program was established at Los Alamos in 1943 as a crash project There was an understanding that it should be abolished a soon as it met one de velopment of an atomic bomb It was part of a hushhush pro gram spawned in Washington under a name that meant abso lutely nothing Manhattan En gineer District or the Man hattan Project as it came to be called HOW WELL KEPT the secret was shows up in the fact that one important phase of it hav ing to do with uranium separa tion took place in a specially constructed building on the Iowa State University campus al Ames under my very eyes with out my knowing what it was all about And I was on the State Board of Regents Only Presi dent Friley had so much as an inkling At the national level Vice President Harry Truman was not taken in on the secret in the early days Im told Not until that memorable August in 1945 when the headlines in my own newspaper told of the blast by a wholly new weapon at Hiroshima did I have even a slight clew I and I think other members of t h e board and thought that maybe the work in t h e sizable structure on our campus had something to do with an airplane tracking gadget Los Alamos had several things to recommend as the site for this monumental work There was a remoteness from prying eyes The climate w a s ideal Land was readily available And the buildings of a Ranch School Continued on Page 2 FAIR North Iowa Partly cloudy Mon day night lows 3238 Mostl fair Tuesday highs in the 50s Iowa Mostly fair through Tues day Locally colder west Mon day night lows in the 30s Highs Tuesday 50s east to rjQj west Further fair and a little warmer Wed nesday FiveDay Iowa Temperatures from Monday night through Saturday will average near normal west to about 5 de grees below normal east with moderate daytime tempera tures and cool nights the first part of the week and a warm ing trend the latter part the week High temperatures will average 6267 east and 68 72 west Low temperatures will average in lower 40s northeast to upper 40s south west A few showers towarc the end of the week shoulc give light amounts of rain av eraging 10 to 20 inch Minnesota Partly cloudy a lit tie warmer Highs Tuesday 5570 GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 a in Monday Maximum 59 Minimum 34 At 8 a m 44 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 68 45 GlobeGazette Weather Data up to 8 a m Sun Maximum 50 Minimum 29 Precipitation 01 ews in a utshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES WASHINGTON A bill to extend unemploy ment compensation pay ments to a full year was introduced in the Senate The bill would require all states to establish uniform standards pro viding up to 39 weeks of benefits for the jobless the federal government financing the remaining 13 weeks coverage LONDON Sun day Times frontpaged a cartoon showing Soviet Premier Khrushchev holding a smoking blun derbuss while a dead dove of peace olive branch still in its beak fluttered to earth The caption And they said Id lost my touch PANAMA CITY Former President Ricar do M Arias has length ened his lead on two ri vals in general elections for a successor to Pana manian President Ernes to de la Guardia Jr NEW YORK When Edna Maslow 57 en tered her Brooklyn apartment she was con fronted by a knifewield ing young man who de manded her wedding ring I cant get it off its too tight she pro tested The robber led her to the sink lathered up her finger with soap and slipped off the band and fled WASHINGTON Muffled nuclear blasts with five times the punch of the first atomic bombs can be exploded underground without de tection until new moni toring systems are de veloped American scien tists predict They said it probably will take several years to develop the new system Political attention onWVa Big primary on Tuesday By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The bitter campaign in th West Virginia presidential pri mary ended Monday About 670000 registered Demo crats may vote Tuesday choos ing between Sens John F Ken nedy of Massachusetts and Hu bert H Humphrey of Minnesota Nebraska and New Mexico al so have primaries Tuesday bu neither will have as great at effect on the race for the Demo cratic presidential nomination The West Virginia results con ceivably could make or break Kennedy and help or hindei Humphrey Watching closelj will be the other Democratic candidates Sen Stuart Syming ton of Missouri and Sen Lyndon B Johnson of Texas JOHNSON WILL watch buoyed by a near sweep of precinc conventions throughout his state Saturday The biggest factor in Wes Virginia may be the Roman Catholic religion of Kennedy and he discussed it in a televi sion address Sunday night I have not been able to con vince apparently the people that I have the same convictions they do The belief in the Con stitution and the separation of church and state he said If any pope attempted to in fluence me as president Ken nedy added I would tell him it was completely improper West Virginia has 49 per cenl Catholics The rest can be con sidered Protestants even though only 28 per cent have formal church ties THIS IS THE first time a Catholic has been entered in a presidential primary in Wesl Virginia since 1928 Alfred E Smith of New York won handily in the spring over Sen James A Reed of Missouri but lost the state to Herbert Hoover in the general election by more than 100000 votes None of the principals that year campaigned in the state Humphrey is a Congregation alist He attended Methodist services Sunday Humphrey was spending his inal hours stressing his modest Background as compared with Kennedys cant go running around the state with a ittle black bag and a check raking Franklin D Roosevelt Jr THE CAMPAIGN intensified during the weekend when a Ken nedy supporter former Rep Franklin D Roosevelt Jr said Humphrey had asked for draft deferments dur ing World War II Kennedy dis avowed any responsibility for Roosevelts statement Thats a lot of baloney Humphrey said when he heard of the disavowal One takes the high road and the other the low road and they cant keep out of each others ditches Johnson inWest Virginia Sat urday night kept to a neutral course while addressing a Dem ocratic dinner in Clarksburg Discussing Humphrey and Ken nedy he said either one of them would be far superior to anything that the Republican party can possibly offer After Tuesdays primaries presidential candidates have no more voting test until May 17 when Maryland has its primary Kennedy however is expected to breeze to victory there He has only token opposition from Sen Wayne Morse of Oregon Population up slightly in Buchanan County CEDAR RAPIDS WlPrelim inary population figures for Buchanan County were released Monday by Harry C Craig 2nd District census supervisor The preliminary figure for the coun ty was 22076 a gain of 72 over 1950s official count of 22004 The city of Independence showed a gain of 518 for the 10 year in 1960 com pared to 4942 in 1950 FAMILY STYLE GATHERING President Ei senhower1 chats with a group of Republican House members who were his breakfast guests at a White House meeting By mutual consent the controversial US spy incident was not brought up Left to right are Reps Bentley of Michigan Melvin Laird of Wis AP Photofax consin Eisenhower Bruce Alger of Texas Rear Frelingnuysen of New Jersey Richard Poff of Vir ginia John Rhodes of Arizona Glenard Lnpscomb of California and Stuyvesant Wainwright of New York front back to On the inside Editorials Page 4 North Iowa News 6 News Quiz 7 Mason City News 1011 Latest markets 11 Sports 1314 Clear Lake News 16 Society News1617 Comics 21 Mason Cityans injured in crash near Marengo A Mason City woman and her daughter are in critical condi tion in University Hospitals at Iowa City following a Monday morning collision between their car and a school bus Mrs Ed Delia Price 915 8th NE and Marlis 11 were both treated at Memorial Hospital in Marengo for skull and chest in juries In mid forenoon both were taken to Iowa City The accident occurred at the junction of US 6 and Iowa 212 at the west edge of Marengo Authorities said Mrs Price was driving off Iowa 212 onto US 6 and hit the school bus in its ane The driver of the bus Noel Wilson Marengo was not hurt He was on his way to pick up students and had no passengers at the time ACTION DELAYED ATLANTA Ga Dist Judge Frank A Hooper Monday ostponed putting school inte gration into effect in Atlanta un til May 1961 Much discomfort for Ike one FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES WASHINGTON In the stern silence that enveloped the execu tive branch of government on the subject of the American spy plane in Russia one fact re quired no official the discomfort of President Ei senhower This undoubtedly will be an harassing week for the Presi dent before heflies off Saturday to the Paris summit meeting For one thing there will be his own political party to say something explanatory face saving in plainer words abou the admission of the State De partment that the highaltitude American plane knocked down by Russia was on an intelligence flight over Soviet territory SOME OF THE few official conversant with high level pol icy were convinced Eisenhowe would attempt to say as little a possible Other officials within th mounting pressure from within ine administration thought thi was wishful thinking that i would be extremely difficult tc ride out the current storm in Russ planes seen high over Canada OTTAWA trails of highflying mystery planes have led to a general assumption here that the Russians occasionally make reconnaissance flights over northern Canada and Alas ka Authorities here have said hey believe the only purpose of such flights would apparently be to take highlevel photographs of airfields connected with the Distant Early Warning radar line It is said that Soviet recon naissance flights over the Cana dian north began early as 1954 at least as MUTHERS A MOTHER MILWAUKEE Carol Muther became a mother on Mothers Day when she gave jirth to her third child a girl an election year There was a strategy huddle of key administration figures be fore the state department issuec its rather novel admission o spy work in the air over the So Hikers now 1000 miles along way STEAMBOAT SPRINGS Colo Barbara Moore 56 of Britain stopped overnight here Sunday about a third of the way on her 3000mile hike from San Francisco to New York City Two British army sergeants who left San Francisco April 12 a day ahead of Dr Moore rudged into Cheyenne Wyo Junday night The pair Mervyn Evans 33 and Patrick Moloney 37 are about 100 miles in front of Dr Moore chev French President Charles de Gaulle and British Prime Minister Macmillan The United States cannot very well bow out of the summit in righteous ndignation since it was Russia vho caught this country with the intelligence goods In substance thare is very ittle Eisenhower could say mblicly to ease the situation Ie could regret the incident ut that reasoned some of icials might be better said directly to Khrushchev when hey see each other in Paris Eisenhowed did cancel his news conference set for Wed nesday apparently knowing full olain the incident MOTHERS DAY IN This wintcry scene greeted residents of Wausau Wis when they awoke Sun day The unusual latespring snow left AP Photolax four inches on the ground Thus Moth ers Day gatherings were around the fireplace and not the outdoor grill viet Union The President and Secretary of State Herter also met at some length Against the backdrop of these meetings and before the Na tional Security Council met at the White House Monday there seemed to be these indications from usually knowledgeable people in the government THE PRESIDENT would liki to sit tight on the plane inciden for a few more days to see i Soviet Premier Khrushchev adds fuel to the fire in Mos cow It seemed difficult for Eisenhower to say anything publicly that might calm wor ried members of Congress with out riling Khrushchev anew Eisenhower will go aheaci with plans to leave for the summit Monday meeting in Paris opening next with Khrush ke and aides in session Flights not discontinued WASHINGTON Eisenhower held an unusual meeting of his top strategy ad visers Monday amid continuing worldwide clamor over the American spyplane incident The National Security Coun cil headed by Eisenhower usually meets on Thursdays Secretary of State Christian A Herter and intelligence direc tor Allen W Dulles reportedly told concerned congressional eaders they still had not deter mined who authorized the flight In a sensational development over the weekend the United States confessed that the plane was on a spy mission Eisenhower was reported planning to follow up the inci dent by calling on Soviet Pre mier Nikita Khrushchev at the Paris meeting to join in scrap ping military secrecy That move was understood to stem from a determination not to take a defensive attitude on the matter when Eisenhower meets with the government chiefs of Britain France and the Soviet Union THE WHITE HOUSE clamped a lid of silence on the incident but denied that Presi dent Eisenhower had ordered a halt to all flights over or near Communist borders In another development Nor wegian Ambassador Paul Koht asked to see Secretary of State Herter to discuss the flight which Russia claimed was sup posed to terminate at a Nor wegian base The Norwegian embassy said the envoy acted on instructions from his foreign office but it did not describe the visit as a protest The US plans to instruct its ambassador to Moscow to seek an interview with the pilot of the plane the State Department said This will be done a spokesman said after Russia replies to a U S note asking for information about the pilot G Powers MOSCOW RADIO declared ae ivity by the US military such as sending a spy plane over the Soviet Union threatens to in olve the world in the greatest calamity Implying that President Eisen hower could not be held respon ible as did Premier Nikita Khrushchev himself in announc ing the plane had been Moscow radio declared The Pentagon is the father of Ouster of Polk County GOP chairman urged DES MOINES UPI The veil hed be called on to exjthc many war blocs that encom pass the main areas of the globe However authorization for the spy planes flight was not re ceived from Washington by the U S military and the intelli gence service MEANWHILE thro u g h o u f Western Europe and in the Far East most newspaper editorial comment agreed on these ampaign manager for Williampoints H Nicholas Monday called fori 1 That Khrushchev has scored he resignation of Polk Countyja propaganda victory of great Republican chairman Leo Oximagnitude just before the sum burger on grounds he has acjmit conference opens in Paris ively supported and worked i next Monday or one particular gubernatoj 2 That the weakens rial candidate jthe position of the Western pow If he does not resign it willjers in general and the United je evident that the officials ofjStates in particular at the con he Republican party are trying o promote and install one can lerence 3 That it reduces the possibil didate over another Donald Blity of some progress toward eas Running said jing international tension much Running did not identify of even the most tentative candidate he charged Oxburger tvas supporting However Ox agreements at the summit The Russians continued to burger is considered a supnorterjgloat over the shooting down of f State Sen Jack Schroeder Rithe spy plane but some average Nicholas Schroejcitizens seemed disturbed that der and Atty Gen Normanit managed to get so deep 1400 Srbe are all seeking the GOP i miles into Soviet territory ubernatorial nomination j In an apparent reference to he fact that many Republican eaders backed William G Mur ay 6ver Nicholas for the guber natorial nomination in 1958 Running said Two years ago some of the lepublican officials were suc cssful in nominating a candi late in a ex reinely hard to do so and then hey failed to work in the fall to lect him 1 SAMS ;