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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 9, 1945, Mason City, Iowa KORTH IOWAS iO 1 DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME INSIDE San Francisco NOTE This Is the written specially for the GlobeGazette by M D C1Sntm ot church of Iowa By JOHN D CLINTON CAN FRANCISCOSaturday in stead oE a holiday at the San conference there were sessions morning and afternoon ibe nations in alphabetical array Were responding as called to what their hopes were And although tne E to I section includes no large nations the little nations almost stole the show Foreign Minister AbduIHamid Badawi Pasha came from Egypt He was happy about Casa Blanca K eaiherins ot statesmen then He had a point in those early Egyptians who built so for per manence that the pyramids still stand He concluded May we here start an enterprise for neace to satisfy the yearnings of Peoples of the world the The sun that was shining on Brother Pashas pyramids did a good job of shining Saturday It was an open season for cameras With Paramount and her staff of 3 men in their customary spots at crowd shots interior shots and closeups The celebrities were all in good form except Secretary Stettinius who was hustled to the Side door with most of the Ara bians also Granted they are the rnost photographed people the crowd certainly handed it to the one Shake thats the xvay it sounds although tis spelled Shaikh even if you thought it was Sheik Jabbar who strolled down the sidewalk speaking a line English and being photographed at every step IMAGINE a minister from Iowa going up to the British secretary and saying Mr Eden will you step over into the sun please to which he replied You know the British like plenty of sunshine and then will you join me friends And over into the im promptu photographers gallery on the opera house steps walked Lord and Lady Halifax with Lord President of the Council Attlee and this British foursome was shot oh the spot Up came anediter from Eugene Ore who was stand iag aeir Hev wanted a print in color He shall have Brig Gen Carlos Romulo the Philippine commissioner next came along After he was shot one woman walked up and said Slay I ask you your name Ev erybody laughed and so did Rom ulo as he told her and thanked ihis photographer And Romulo was typical of the accommodating and thinking types of people furnished by the many smaller national groups In the forenoon the India spokesman came closely after Egypt Inspired by the sight he threw his notes away and spoke from his heart It was a great testimony meeting He did not feel that using all this time for smaller peoples these conference days could be checked off as slow He mentioned other times when from a small place came a great leadership He con cluded with the quotation of the words of the old hymn Lead Kindly Light especial em phasis on One step enough For really thats what the conference is more and more committed to IVEH in the Fairmont hotel where United States dele gates are quartered Louis Stone the manager of the hotel Sol Bloom nnd your reporter were talking things over Said Mr Stone as he opened the picture edition 0 of a local daily See here Repre sentative you are on the inside but right on the front page when they shot this picture of the con ference in meditative mood at the start they caught me praying And Sol Bloom said Youd bet opinion of individuals ter That leading toward individual effort from high powers to humble prayers is becoming a part of the thats building at San Fran Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy and cool Wednesday night and Thursday with occasional rain beginning Wednesday and con tinuing most of Thursday Mostly cloudy with not change in temperature I SWednesday night and Thurs I vlay occasional rain overspread I Ing the state Wednesday from southwest and continuing f lost of Thursday I ncsota Fair north Rain mixed vith snow south portion Wednesday night becoming fair Thursday except showers south east portion Thursday morning Warmer south portion Wednes day night Thursday Continued cool IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Tuesday Minimum Tuesday V At 8 a m Wednesday AGO i Maximum i V Minimum I i Precipitation L 47 25 36 63 44 03 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MAY 9 This Paper Consists ot Two One Two StcllonsStclion One NO IKl JSSJANS CAPTURE PRABUE ALLIES NAZIS RATIFY TERMS OF SURRENDER Cold Ceremony Marks Signing of Document in Berlin Tuesday London stern and coldly formal ceremony in Berlin offi cially ratifying Germanys uncon ditional surrender was described Wednesday by the Moscow radio The momentous document the broadcast said was signed in a gray house on the corner of Wies enerstrasse and Rheinsteinstrasse by 3 topranking officers of the beaten enemys land sea and air forces Russian and allied military chiefs watched as the papers were signed by Field Marshal Wilheim Keitel as commander of the Ger man army Admiral Gen von Friedehurg navy commander and Col Gen Slump a repre sentative of the air force Marshal Gregory K Zhukov commander of the victorious first White Russian army presided over the ceremony for the soviet union The allied supreme com mand was represented by a dele gation headed by Air Chief Mar shal Sir Arthur Tedder deputy to Gen Eisenhower It included Gen Carl Spaatz commander of the U S strategic air forces in Eurooe and Admiral Harold Burrough commander of the allied naval forces In Europe the broadcast said The French delegation was headed by Gen de Lattre de Tas signy commander of the French first army Andrei Vishinsky soviet vice commissar for foreign affairs also was with the Russian delegation The Moscow radio gSve their la a large plainly furnished hall with windows on 2 sides long tables and the hall was decorated with the national flags of the soviet union the United States Great Britain and France At midnight exactly Marshal Zhukov and Air Chief Marshal Tedder entered the hall The chairs under their national flags were occupied by Zhukov Tedder Spaatz Vishinsky Burrough and de Tassigny The central table was occupied by the representatives of the al lied powers and generals of red army units which captured Berlin At the press table sat soviet and foreign journalists Only one table remained empty Zhukov addressed the gather ing Gentlemen he said WE have gathered here to accept the terms unconditional surrender from the command of the German armed forces I propose we set to work and invite the plenipoten tiaries of the German command Thereupon on orders of Mar shal Zhukov the Germans were led into the hall at in abso lute silence Marshal Zhukov said Gentlemen the signing of the act of unconditional surrender will now take place I address myself to the representatives of the German command with the question Have they the act at hand have they acquainted themselves with it and are the representatives of the German supreme command pre pared to sign this act Tedder addressed the same question to the Germans I agree said Keitel quietly and he handed Marshal Zhukov Ihe document of supreme headquarters signed by Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz author izing the Germans to sign he act of unconditional surrender The necessary formalities hav ng been observed Marshal Zhu kov asked the German plenipoten taries to sign which they did At this moment cameras and movie apparatus shot the scene At the act was signed One copy of it was handed to Field Marshal Keitel Then Marsha Zhukov declared The German delegation may now The Moscow radio said the Brit ishAmerican delegation was met at the Templehof airfield Tuesday afternoon by Gen VaMliev and a guard of honor carrying American British and Russian flags and with a band playing in turn the 3 national anthems The soviet radio reported that troops cheered as Tedder de clared This parade is a great honor for us Tedder then stepped to a mi crophone and expressed his hap piness at greeting the soviet com manders and troops He said he was especially glad because he was greeting them in Berlin j The allies in the east and the west as the result of tion have accomplished an imi mense task he said ALLIED OFFICERS AFTER SURRENDER SIGNING Smiles mart the faces of allied officers at Reims France headquarters after signing of German surrender terms May 7 In group are L to r General of artillery of red army Ivan Susloparoff Lt Gen Sir F E Morgan deputy chief of staff Shaef Capt Harry C Butcher Shaef naval aide Gen Eisenhower holding pens with which sur render was signed Sir Arthur Tedder deputv supreme commander and Adm Sir Harold M BttrtWigh allied naval chief Goering and Kesselring Captured With V 7th Army Reichsmarshai Hermann Goering has surrendered to the Americans telling them that he had been in hiding since April 24 when Adolf Hitler condemned him to death for expressing a desire to take Pacchin Quisling to Face Trial by Norwegians Oslo Nornay Vidktm Quisling whose name became a synonym for treachery in this war was taken to the Oslo jail Wednesday from his estate out side Oslo and was to be arraigned publicly in court some time Wednesday under Norwegian law The Norwegian nazi chief broken by the swift events which toppled his 5 year grip on Nor way drove up to the Oslo police station in a bulletproof car with 6 of his cabinet members While immediate arraignment is scheduled by law some police officials said he might not be ar raigned until Thursday morning Dispatches from Oslo Ttiescfay said Quisling hnd been in his lavish suburban home guarded by homefrbnt men The Norwegian home forces rounded up 400 other Quislings throughout the capital Mean while plans to remove German troops from principal cities to central assembly points tor moral surrender went forward in con ferences between Brigadier R Hilton chief of the allied control commission and MajGen Holte chief of staff to the German com mander in Norway Quisling was assigned to a eel in the famed Moellefralion 19 prison from which hundreds of his own political prisoners have been released since Germanys capitulation The first outbreak of violence occurred in Oslo during the night when 2 Norwegians and a Ger man sailor wcre killed in a skirm ish outside the office of the news paper Aftenposten Authorities said a drunken nazi sailor tossed a hand grenade at homefront soldiers killing a civil ian and an Oslo policeman The German sailor was killed in the resulting exchange of shots There were unconfirmed reports of minor shootings elsewhere in the country but on the whole Hie situation seemed relatively peace Quisling Propaganda ful Besides Minister FogelsangTandthe Mini ster for Sports and Forced Labor Axel Stand are held at Oslo prison the official Swedish tele graph agency said A Norwegian news agency broadcast heard in London said Charles Hotf Quisling sports lead er and former Olympic pole vaiilter who once toured the United States was arrested Tues day night in Oslo MOHAWKST JOE GAME AT 6 P M The baseball game between Ma son City and St Josephs for the sectional championship will played Wednesday afternoon on the Roosevelt field at 6 oclock The game originally was carded for 4 p m bul was moved back m order to accommodate a larger number of local fans who cannot reach the ball park before 6 TJBOAT TO SURRENDER London first Uboat to surrender under Germanys capitulation agreement will be put into Weymouth harbor on the English coast late Wednesday it was announced over control of the German gov ernment An announcement Wednesdaj that Goering was in custody of the U S th army also revealed the capture of Marshal Albert Kesselring former commander ot Germanys western front Goering was the first of the old guard nazi ler Goering be ac counted tor officially He surren dered to the 3Bth division which was engaged in the Yih army mopup of the surrendered area on the southern wing of what was the western front Reichsmarshai G o e r i n s the rank was his alone in the hey I day of up to Brig I Gen Robert J Stack assistant divisional commander at Radstadt about 35 miles southeast of Salz burg He told Stack that was reported by the nazis to be dead in the ruins of tenced him to death on April 24 when the handwriting was on the wall for even the most nearsight ed nazi to read Hitlers SS elite guards arrest ed him Goering said But memi bers of the German air force from the command of which he ousted in the nazi debacle cued him he said was res U S DRAFTS COMPROMISE Will Let Hemisphere Settle Own Disputes San Francisco O1 eci States had drafted a compromise formula which would allow the western hemisphere to settle its own disputes within the frame work of the world organization it was learned Wednesday The formula which would pre serve the Pan American security system without weakening the au thority of the world organization was disclosed as the united na tions conference devoted itself Wednesday to closed meetings of technical committees No plenary I on Brauchitseli arrived at a Allies Map Plans for Jap Invasion Adm Chester W Nimitz dis closed Wednesday that joint chiefs of staff are mapping plans for the invasion of Japan and promised an immediate increase of Ameri can air assaults on the enemys homeland Nimitz made the statement to a press conference as adverse weather slowed down the drive on southern Okinawa aiid Aus tralian and Dutch troops closed in on 2 rich oil fields OH Tarakau island east of Borneo Washington sources said a total force of 10000000 men is expect ed to be used against the Japa nese Nimitz said he was anticipating the shifting of large forces from Europe to the Pacific and said his command was endeavoring to ob tain areas to support them He said Okinawa at the thresh old of the Japanese homeland was the most important island yet Invaded by the American forces Despite losses to Japanese suicide Planes he said the campaign was going according to plan Five American divisions are hammering at Japanese defenses across the southern end of the island a mile north of the capital Naha On Tarakan the allied invasion forces tightened a pincers on Pa moesian oil fields east of Tarakan town and closed in on Bjoeata oil field 3 miles north of the captured Tarakan airdrome American troops pushed out from liberated Davao on Minda nao island in the Philippines were driving the Japanese back into the hills Philippinesbased aerial forces continued widespread attacks through the southwest Pacific and into the central Pacific More than 300 ions of bombs were dropped on factories and rail lines Formosa Navy patrol bombers from the Okinawa area sank 14000 tons of shipping and damaged 3500 in a series of attacks in Korean coastal waters Monday American forci Luzon continued on es on northern sains toward Balete pass gateway to Casayan valley where most of Japans re NAZIS GIVE UP IN DUNKERQUE OTHER POCKETS German Planes Bomb Czech Capital in Defiance of Surrender BULLETIN London Stalin Wednesday issued his final order of the day to the red army and navy announcing the uncon ditional surrender of Germany and ordered a triumph salute of 30 salvos from 1000 Moscow guns London red army fighting on against outlawed Ger man diehaids after the official end of the European war Wednes day captured the Czechoslovak capital of Prague in a predawn attack The Prague radio reported that the Germans in defiance of the unconditional surrender agree ment bombed the capital and 2 other Czechoslovak cities Nazis garrisoning the Czecho slovak bastion were the only force of any consequence carrying on alter the officially proclaimed cessation of hostilities at 1201 a m Wednesday Reports from the continent said the garrisons of historic Dunker and Ihe last enemyheld Pockets at St Nazaire La Kochelle and Lorient had given up Marshal Stalin announced the capture of Prague His broadcast order of the day said Marshal Ivan S Konevs 1st Ukrainian army seized the capital in a tank and infantry attack Despite the end of the war 19 hours earlier the order of th concluded with the to the vaders The last German ground resist ance in southern Europe had been virtually crushed In addition to linked ujj with the American 3rd army south of the Danube in Aus e day rr German in maining forces on the island arc concentrated I In northern Europe diehard Chinese forces killed more than lazis held oai on the Baltic 3000 Japanese forces in a battle of Bornholm and 100000 west of Hsihsiakow in Honan otller troops in northern Latvia announced they too would ignore province Oilier Chinese troops in western Honan province lifted the siege of Wukang and recaptured Chulowpu about C miles north of WMC LIFTS US CURFEW Lists Other Home Front Regulations Washington Here is the home front at a glance as sum marized from war Mobilization Director Fred M Vinsons report on the Midnight curfew immediately 1Iorse aild Abolished Germanys der unconditional surren All Germans who refused to lay down their arms after a m Wednesday p ni Tuesday the hour fixed by the German high command for capit ulation faced possible trial as murderers arsonists and saboteurs outside the laws of war The patriotcontrolled Prague radio said red army tanks burst into Prague Wednesday morning mid chased scattered stillresisting German troops back through the streets of the city The Russians had covered more than 30 miles in the last 24 hours A soviet officer speaking over the patriot radio said the red array had entered Prague only to liberate it and had no intention of last year Rationing to continue drivers prob ably will get more soon He streaked for a hideout in contin thc Bavarian Alps the touted naI ucs Shi Convention restrictions lional redoubt in which the nari j stand fanatics were hotd out will start 11 immediately Some controls to be j relaxed at once Full reconversion must await Japans defeat preached his hideout Gcering j Economic wage forcing any type of administration be OI1 the Czechoslovak people A dispatch from the American per cent less I 3tcl army front revealed that other after the rest of Hitlers reich immediately Some controls to be was gone j relaxed at once Full recon When the Sfith division await Japans defeat sent his personal adjutant Col Von Brauchitsch a son of the i commander in chief of the Ger man army in the early days of the war to divisional headquar ters with an offer to surrender to Gen Dwighl D Eisenhower and Gen Jacob L Defers command sr of the 6th army Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy sessions were scheduled Soviet Foreign Commissar V M Molotov was expected to leave Wednesday for Moscow where the Question of expanding the Polish government to permit its being seated at the conference here will be settled W Averell command post at 9 a m Tuesday He explained his mission to Stack amS Maj Gen John E DaMquist division commander Stack went with Von Brau chitsch to the Radstacit hideout meetin2 the reichsmarshal on the road Goering was accompanied Harriman and Sir Archibald Clark Kerr U S and British ambassadors to Russia are expected to return to Moscow soon Harriman Clark Kerr and Molotov comprise a special com mission set up at the Crimea con ference to work out an acceptable reorganization of the Palish gov ernment European and Latin American countries proposed Wednesday that the old league of nations hold a final meeting in San Francisco and hand all of its authority over to the new world organization Such action they said would re move any question of he legality ot transfer of authority over terri tories mandated to certain powers especially Japan by the old league by his wife a child and several military aides and personal re tainers The entire party went to a castle near the famous ski resort of Kitzbuhl which was occupied by friends of Goering They ar rived at p rn Tuesday Meanwhile the Danish Kalund borg radio said that it had learned Heinrich Himmler gestapo chief and German interior minister is in Sweden HAGUE REELECTED Jersey City N J Frank Hague chief executive of Jersey City for 28 years was re elected to his ninth fouryear term as a city commissioner Tues day with his four running mates all incumbents c controls stand few in 6 to 9 months Household goods Moderate manufacture ot washing machines and refrigerators immediately More electric irons stoves in 3 to 6 months high rates con tinue 1500000 may lose jobs in next year in most cases temporarily controls con tinue FortyEight Hour tinues in war plants Dropped gradually elsewhere soviet units some 140 mites south of Prague had linked up with the American 6ath division southeast of the Austrian city of Linz on the Danube Tuesday The junction split the remaining German forces in southern Europe into 2 and southeast Austria Throughout Europe hundreds of thousands of German troops were filing into allied prison camps in compliance with their high com mands order to lay down their arms Radio Paris said the German garrisons in the longisolated Draft large Womens Calls will continue will continue Merchant for sea men and officers continues War Production Six months hence rate will still be equal to that of 1943 Small possible will get first chance to reconvert War pur chases must continue Clothing Lowcost items should be more plentiful soon General scarcity will continue Building Between 250000 to 400000 new homes in next year will continue including little steel formula Salvage Fats paper can saving must continue French ports of Lorient and La Rochelle on the Bay of Biscay had surrendered French troops en tered the ports without the slight est opposition the broadcast said The Germans were expected to turn back the channel islands off She Jformandy peninsula to the British momentarily if they have not already done so All hostilities on the Dodecanese islands in tho Aegean sea ended at 3 p m 9 a m EWT Tues day The commander of tho Ger man garrison signed a surrender pact in the presence of a British officer Fighting also was believed vir tually to have ceased in Yugo slavia following the capture of Zagreb capital of Croatia by Marshal Titos partisans Tuesday It was possible that the allies would declare German troops who refused to lay down their arms outlaws o be tried for murder arson and sabotage Hostilities were continuing in Prague despite the surrender of the garrison to Czechoslovak pa triots and allied liaison officers by the German commanders Tues day The German commanders leven pledged to use loyal troops I ;