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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, May 08, 1943

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 8, 1943, Mason City, Iowa f r Q M n NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP DEPARTMENT OF A N 0 A 3 C H N E S I A THE NCWSPAHR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS1 HOME EDITION VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS rUU FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MAY 81943 THIS PAPEB CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 181 CAPTURE THOUSANDS OF NAZIS Allies Clean Out Pockets Chase Remnants Toward Cap Bon BATTLE RAGES AS NAZIS TRY TO HALT REDS Major Struggle for Hill 9 Miles Southwest of Novorossisk Reported MOSCOW T An extremely violent battle was reported in progress Saturday southwest of Neberdjayevskaya which is only nine miles from Novorossisk as the Germans rushed up reserves tanks and motorized artillery in an attempt to halt the soviet ad vance toward the Black sea port In the face of growing resist ancr red army units which turned southward after sepa rating the Germans and the Ru manians north of the Kuban river from those in the south were driving hard to follow up the force of their first thrusts in the direction of Novorossisk There was no indication the city surrounded but the Russians were on three sides and smash ing hard on the arc The Germans regrouped their sagging forces Friday and threw several heavy tankled counter attacks against the red army ad vance A major struggle developed for an important hill southwest of the Ger mans scorins a temporary minor setback Atthis point Russian stormo viksand dive bombers swooped in to dump tons of explosives on the axis infantry and wheeled guns throwing them into flight A front dispatch said that prisoners captured in the Rus sian drive told that a whole platoon of the 3rd German in fantry division had been shot for abandoning their positions against orders The soviet armies also cap tured several strategic hills as they pushed towards the Black sea northeast of Novorossisk Moscow broadcasts recorded London said Russian bombers de stroyed or damaged 350 German planes along the front on Thurs day alone and the midnight com munique said 27 enemy planes were shot down over Kuban val ley battlefields A broadcast to the red fleet which has heavy units standing off the Black sea coast to blast a German evacuation attempt said the fleets air arm had sunk three transports totaling 13000 tons a 3000 ton tanker three lor pcdo boats and two invasion barges in an attack on an enemy occupied port presumably Novo rossisk COUNT FLEET WINSPREAKNESS SPORTS BULLETIN BALTIMORE Md Fleet the Kentucky derby winner carried Mrs John D Hertzs yel low and black silks to an cas triumph in the S50000 added Prcakness Stakes at Pimlico Sat urday with Blue Swords scconc and Vincentivc third Weather Report FORECAST JTASON CITY Continued coo Saturday afternoon colder Sat urday night Lowest Saturda night in Mason City 28 will heavy frost Continued cola Sunday forenoon IOWA Heavy frost Saturdaj night Freezing temperature 01 north portion Continued col Saturday night and Sunda forenoon Slightly colder cas portion Saturday Continued col Saturday night and Sunda lorenoon frost and freezing tern peraturc Saturday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 43 Minimum Friday night 12 At 3 a m Saturday 43 YEAR AGO Maximum 65 Minimum 40 Subsidies to Help Keep Down Costs WASHINGTON twobil lion dollarayear federal program for subsidizing the American cost of living was reported authori tatively Saturday to be under con sideration in high administration quarters The report followed Fridays of ficial announcement that meat coffee and butter subsidies will be swung in to support price ceilings in the nations stabilization fight on June 1 Those subsidies will cost ap proximately a year according to unofficial estimates The 52000000000 program ic ported under study was said to in clude plans for subsidizing canned fruits and vegetables and a long ist of other nothing except foods The first program announced by Price Administrator Frentiss AI Brown is aimed to force a 10 per cent cut June 1 in the retail cost of beef veal pork Iamb mutton coffee and butter It will be financed by the Re construction Finance corporation hrough one of its subsidiaries under what officials said was a specific authorization contained in last Octobers price control act Flat payments of a cent or more per pound willbe made to meat packers butter manufacturers and coffee companies for their prod ucts on condition that they cut their prices according to the pro gram In adopting this plan the government rejected a proposal buy direct from producers and re sell at a loss to processors Despite the conditional impli cation that the program might op erate on an optional basis the un official consensus that il would be compulsory throughout with the penalties provided undei the price control act Officials however declined to discuss this phase of the plan immediately With few details of the pro gram yet available Brown pre dicted reduction would trim 3 cents a pound off present price of beef and veal 4 cents a pound off pork 4 to 5 cents a pound off butler and about 3 cents a pound off coffee No estimate was eiven on lamb and mutton The administration has dis ussed the subsidy possibilities for more than a year but with few xccptions little has been done on hem up to largely to ongressional opposition That op osition still showed Saturday as ome officials and legislators in dicated they doubted whether the arger program in prospect would be adopted without specific au hority from congress Farm state senators xvho helped defeat price control subsidies months ago said they still opposed he policy as a general proposition nit several including Senators Russell D Ga and Bankhcad ID Aa said if the farmer could not get higher prices directly hey approved of him getting the ndircct benefit from subsidies Congress may get a chance to debate the question indirectly when i takes up a pending RFC request for addi tional borrowing authority Most legislators said they be lieved consumers in general and priceincrease protesting coal miners in particular would re ceive the greatest benefit from the price cuts The subsidy statement from OPA paralleled a war labor board announcement that it had asked the white house to clarify some points in the presidents holdthe line order against inflation but that its request was not to be re garded as seeking any change in the little steel wage formula Stat ing such clarification of the wage stabilization program was in full harmony with the administrations determination to roll back the cost of living the board said other wise the presidents order would be unworkable NORTHERN TUNISIA AXIS DEFENSES offensive of the allied armies in Tunisia which resulted in the swift capture of both Bizerto and Tunis can be traced on these maps Top map gives a general picture of the situation with axis forces now confined to the sector south of the two cities and to the Cap Bon peninsula and the area immedi ately south of it The two closeup maps bottom show in detail the areas around the two principal bases through which the allies fought to capture them GUARD PLEADS GUILTY LOS ANGELES Dil linger 22 year old shipyard guard who said he was a cousin of the late public enemy Saturday faced a five year to life sentence for burglary Dillinger pleaded guilty to nu merous thefts while he was mak ing monthly as a guard LITTLE FIGHTING IN BIZERTE City Nearly Deserted as Americans Enter By C R CUNNINGHAM BIZERTE first Amer icans entered this supposed last stronghold of the axis in Tunisia at p m Friday There was little resistance the preliminary aerial and artillery bombardment apparently having done the work of saturating the vaunted German defenses The city apparently had been deserted by its civilian popula tion and by its defenders as well because there was only a scattering of enemy fire The American commanders believed that the German rear guard knowing the show was over were spending their ammuni tion German 83s barked a few times American detachments moved out at once to silence them Thc first Americans to enter was a reconnaissance company This correspondent accompanied it Then at dusk came the Ameri can tanks and their 75rs soon mopped up what little was left in the way of resistance in this key naval base and beautiful mediter ranean city which normally has a population of 20000 persons Six months ago Friday night I watched Gen Dwight D Eisen hower direct the start of this cam paign the American landing in French North Africa that now has culminated with the capture of this strategic city only a couple of hours by bomber from Rome To all intents and purposes the African campaign is over Cunninghams dispatch indi cated the thoroughness with which allied aerial might aided in the latter stages softened Bi zerte for easy capture by ground forces It was at the start the cam paign the most strongly fortified iiarbbr in Africa its land ap proaches guarded by hills honey combed with defense works and equipped by huge coastal guns commanding both the sea and the land behind The best fortifications experts of France had constructed its defenses before the war with the idea of making it impreg nable Apparently an the bash of Cunninghams dispatch it had proven even less impreg nable when the test came than the Magsnot line Bizerte is situated on the north ernmost point of Tunisia Its ex cellent harbor is big enough for the combined fleetsof the United States and Great Britain The na val basin is in two parts connect ed by a mile long canal wide and deep enough for 35000 ton battle ships It had dry docks machine and repair shops and under ground cisterns for fuel oil im pregnable to naval and aeria bombardments These installa tions it was believed were de stroyed by the axis before the re treat REPORT IOWAN KILLED WASHINGTON war department announced Friday that Staff Sgt Andrew A Mal chau grandson of Mrs Philip Scharff of Wilton Junction Iowa was killed in action in the Alaska area News for Those in Service Families and friends of men and women in service should not overlook the weekly Globe Gazette diary on Page 12 Clip it out and mail it to them as an extra letter from home If they arc outside the United States send it airmail for an early delivery KISKA ATTU ASHED AGAIN U S Flyers Continue to Soften Up Bases WASHINGTON airmen continued their offensive o soften up7 Japanese bases in he Aleutians hitting Kiska five more times and Attu seven times on Thursday the navy announced Saturday The almost nonslop assault which has carried our flyers over Kiska alone 22t times since March I is believed to be pre liminary to American attempts to wrest the islands from the Japanese It was the heaviest single days aerial activity against Attu The American aviators arc op crating from a base only 63 nau tical miles from Kiska In Thursdays attacks hits were scored in all target areas at both Japanese bases Several fires were started at Attu Heavy and medium bombers as well as fighters were used against Attu while fighter bombers were employed against Kiska It was noteworthy that Ameri can airmen were giving greater at tention to Attu westernmost of the Aleutians and 172 nautical miles from Kiska So far this month it has been attacked 13 times as against seven times dur ing April The Japanese have an air base under construction on Attu The Mily action in the Pacific reported by the nary Saturday was the a Japanese seaplane by an Ameri can flyer MMthwest New island in the central Bradley Was Leader of Bizerte Drive ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA Dwight D Eisenhower disclosed Saturday that Maj Gen Omar N Bradley commanded the victorious drive of the U S second corps into Bizerle having taken over from Lt Gen George S Patton Jr when the Americans were shifted to the north on April 17 Bradley regarded ns one of the armys best infantry commanders took over command from Patton when the Americans were trans ferred from the Maknassy area to the rugged mountain region of the north The reason for the change in command it was explained was that the new zone of operations assigned to tlie Americans made the northern drive essentially an infantry fight Lt General Patton is an arm ored fighting specialist and in the south the battle was chiefly by the use of armor Eisenhower expressed the high est confidence in both generals There was nothing in this dis patch to indicate the present whereabouts of Lt Gen Patton General Eisenhower allied commander in chief said Naturally I am delighted with the developments which brought us into Bizerte and Tu nis but so far as I am concerned as lone as a single armed Ger man is on African soil there is stillabattle and I want to de stroy the rest of this resis tance It was stated that the 8B4th tank destroyer battalion unit of the American ninth division was the first to enter Bizerte at p m Friday just 15 minutes after a combat command of the first U S armored division oc cupied Ferryville and shortly aft er the British entered Tunis The British reconnaissance unit of the Derbyshire yeomanry which fought in the original No vember drive toward Tunis the first to reach that city The eleventh Hussars and an armored unit of the eighth army which fought all the way from El Alamein was close on their heels and participated with them in confused fighting with the axis troops who apparently were sur prised by the speed with which the city was entered This battle ajrain has shown the ereat advantace of unifica tion which we achieved by put ting Sir Harold Alexander up front and letting him handle the battleline from day to day the allied commander said He hns been able to transfer force to where he wanted it and he has handled the battleline as a single unit We arc now seeing the results of this unification It speaks well for the tremen dously difficult tasks lying ahead of the united nations Some observers here believe an early American drive to seize Kiska is likely IOWANS HELPED AT BIZERTE Minnesotans Also Took Major Role in Victory A L L I D HEADQUARTERS North Africa from every stale in the union took part in the capture of Bizerte and the gang that got credit for enter ing first was the 894th tank de stroyer unit attached to the American ninth infantry division A unit of Minnesota and Iowa boys played a big port in the at tack but most of the outfits were up of men from everywhere Some companies have a pre dominance of boys from one lo cality such as the armored unit which swept through Fcrryville That gang was from Louisville Cincinnati West Virginia and the nearby Ohio river valley But those outfits are rare Along the road were boys like Pvt Jerry Lurks and Cpl Chick Rogers both from Memphis who dove into a foxhole and prayed out loud until Chick said to Jerry Pray a little softer will you That pilot might Sgt Louis Bradford of Austin Minn picked up a German en cyclopedia along the road It had a map of Europe in it marked with the former owners route from northern Russia to Tunisia GENERAL D D EISENHOWER Drive Out Last Nazi Planes Continuing to Plaster Axis Forces in Tunisian Triumph BULLETINS ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA was officially announced Saturday night that many thousands of prisoners have been captured in the Tunisian offensive and the total to be disclosed later is expected to reach five or more ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA phant American British and French forces fanned out from newly vaptured Tunis and Bizerte Saturday to cltimp a stranglehold on fleeing remnants of the axis African armies paving the way for an invasion of southern Europe Speculation grew in Washington and London that the allies will invade the soft underbelly of the axis even before the final mopup on the Cap lion peninsula is com pleted A United Press dispatch from London said allied landings on Europe before summer and deep penetration of the continent before winter appeared virtually certain ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA States troops have occupied Choulgui 21 miles west of Tunis and four miles northwest of Tehourba in a drive to wipe out the last enemy salient between United States and British troops in the central sector of the Tunisian front ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA United States armored unit has cut the last remaining road between Tunis and Bizerte the coastal highway at a point 18 miles southeast of Bizerte further constricting the field of any axis troops remaining in the northern tip of Tunisia it was announced Saturday ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA can armored units smashed into the last disorganized mountain nests of axis resistance in north Tunisia Saturday while the British first army south of captured Tunis pressed the fleeing and beaten enemy remnants back into a1 death trap on Cap Bon peninsula By WILLIAM X KING ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA troops hammered scattered pockets of re sistance and pursued enemy detachments fleeing from con quered Tunis and Bizerte Saturday in a battle which Gen Dwight D Eisenhower said would continue as long as a single armed German is on African soil Six months to the day after allied landing barges grounded on French North African beaches the allied communique said significantly The advance continues French troops captured Pont du Fans and high ground to was the east to roll up the right wing of axis lines still holding on the southern front to contribute to the offensive in which Americans seized Bizerte and the British first army took Tunis Friday Reports from the battle front Indicated the disorganized enemy seeking haven from the merciless air and ground bom bardments was heading for the mountainous Cap Bon penin sula in an effort to delay for a few days the final defeat ex pected tn lie a prelude to the al lied invasion of Europe Fighting continued beyond both cities Hundreds of prisoners their numbers still uncounted streamed to liic rear A dispatch filed from Tunis by Associated Press correspondent Daniel dc Luce said approxi mately 1500 dazed and bewil dered German prisoners and a small number of Italians were rounded up at that city by the British advance guards lie said a few nazi 88millimeter Him batteries fought to the end Friday but the majority of the enemy troops was already with drawing toward Cap Bon The tricolor waved again over the capital Wine wcvc pressed upon the British by elated French civil ians The most concentrated aerial campaign of the war continued unabated Pilots stopped at field bases only lone enough to refuel Cims and bomb racks Quintuplets Arrive in Superior Wis to Christen 5 Ships SUP E R I O K Wis world famous Dionne ciuintuplcts their noses flattened against car j windows arrived in Superior Sat urday to officiate Sunday at Die christening of five cargo vessels which will be turned over to Great Britain under the lendlcasc act The quints and accompanying party in n special car reached Su perior 20 minutes later than scheduled For the first time in their nearly nine years the quintuplets slept in separate rooms Friday night four of them occupying two compart ments while the fifth occupied an other with her sister Pauline Public demand for a left handed christening bottle went up shortly after a launching foreman ex plained that the five merchantmen poised on the wars at the Walter T Butler Shipbuilders Inc yards will slide to the left of the plat form Sunday and may force Km ilic the petite southpaw to make a backhanded swing at her vessel War Savings Ronds and Stamps year GtobeGaiette carrier The formal reports by which re sults arc tabulated were delayed but airmen said that only the feeblest enemy air opposition encountered Seventeen axis vessels were de stroyed Friday in attacks upon enemy shipping in the Gulf of Tunis area and many others were damaged A French spitfire unit set fire to three of six motor launches each carrying between 50 and 10 men which it encountered off La Goul ctc during the constant patrols to prevent a large scale axis with drawal by sea NoUnd Noritaard Associated Press correspondent with first army detachments in the field said a feint by British armored forces two weeks ago in the Pont flu Fahs area had led the Germans to concentrate their armored forces there weakening the enemy alone ;