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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 8, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AKO ARCHIVES OES VOINES I A VOL XLVII1 ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUU LEASED wl THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NSTGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY MAY 8 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS of TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 179 BATTLE RAGES IN CORAL SEA CHINESE SMASH 2 JAP COLUMNS NEAR CHEFANG More British Arrive in Ceylon American Flyers Bomb Rangoon CHUNGKING a smashing defeat over two Japa nese columns driving into China along the Burma road the Chi nese high command declared Fri day night that one fovce of 1000 Japanese was wiped out and that half of another unit 1000 strong was killed and the rest were trapped The scene of the fierce coun ter blow delivered by Lieut Gen Joseph W Stilwelis Chi nese troops was given as the sector near Chefang 25 miles inside Yunnan frontier from Burma The communique might indi cate the destruction and pocket ing of the invasion spearheads which the Japanese claimed had penetrated past Chefang to Lung ling 25 miles deeper into China The high command said the battle occurred Thursday after noon when the Japanese moving up the Burma road from the bor der town of Wanting with truck reinforcements split into two units and attacked the Chinese on both flanks in some cases penetrating to the rear of the Chinese line The ensuing struggle was de scribed as most ferocious The high command said that the rem nant of the attacking dwindled to 400 to 500 cut off British Troops Arrive in Ceylon LONDON The prospect of a swift cleanup of Vichyordered resistance in Madagascar and the arrival of strong imperial rein forcements in strategic Ceylon put the united nations in a bettei position Friday for a rapidly near ing test with the Japanese on the Indian ocean supply lanes to India China and the soviet union As weary British land forces in western Burma held back the invaders already close to the Bengal border longrange Unit ed States bombers lashed out anew Friday morning at Ran goon Japanesewon stepping stone for the westward drive Maj Gen Lewis H Brereloni big warbirds plunged through Japanese fighter plane opposition for their eighth attack on the port and returned safely to their base in India a New Delhi communi que reported It was he Americans third at lack on Rangoon in four days j British military quarters mean conceded that the Japanese probably had won another base ocean the west Burma port lAkyab 360 miles from Calcutta They said they had no informa IX tion nowever o confirm Berlin broadcast reports that the Japa 18 nese had crossed the Kaladan river and penetrated into India west of Paletwa within 70 miles 1A X The announcement of the British reinforcement of Ceylon off the southern tip of India said seasoned fighters who took part in the Ethiopian cam paigns of 194041 had been sent lo the island from Kenya Uganda Tanganyika Nyasa land Zanzibar and northern Rhodesia I There is no immediate infor mation as to he extent of resis tance on Madagascar after the col Japse Thursday morning of the main French stand at the northern tip of the 1000 mile long island watchdog of the Indian ocean from r the west It was apparent that the Brit ish would not rest however with of the big Diego Suarez frinaval base but would make other y landings or inland drives to ob tain French air bases farther south unless the entire French defense force came to terms Buy war savings bonds and tamps from your GlobeGazette ricr boy Allies Claim Ships Like These Warships Cite Sinkings Fate of Australia May Be Decided by Furious Sea Fight c JAPANESE AIRCRAFT CARRIER WITH CREW LINED UP ON DECK DECLARE YANK y vCt j J v A J JAPANESE CRUISER OF 10000 TONS OF ASIGARA TYPE HULL ELATED BY FIRST REPORTS British Agree Coral Sea Battle Is Jap Effort to Cut Supplies WASHINGTON ot State Hull said Friday he and his colleagues in the government were inuch elated over prelimi nary reports which have come to them on the great naval battle of the Coral sen He made this reply to a press confexence request for comment Government officials are much elated with the preliminary re SEVER SEA LANE LONDON and mili that the result would have a tremendous bearing on the whole course of the war The immediate objective of the Japanese warships appeared to be to sever the commonwealths life line to the United States The naval battle was one of the few great sea clashes in which Great Britain did not have a lead ing role The admiraltys denial that the Warspite or any other British battleship had been sunk or damaged appeared to bear out what already was assumed in few if any major British fleet units were operating in that area with the United States forces 1256681 French Are Prisoners of Germans VICHY France of tierman origin but issued here Friday said the number of French war prisoners held in German camps at the end of 1941 was 12oG6Bl These included about noOOO assigned lo labor at in front Japans Effort to Nullify Australia as Allied Base Precipitated Big Sea Fight By DeWTTT MACKENZIE Wide World War Analyst The great naval battle which isbeing fought between allied and Japanese fleets across the Coral sea east of Aus tralia is still too young for us to judge of its possible effects but we can see the fundamental strategy which precipitated is to nullify the effectiveness of Australia as a united nations base and thereby protect Nippons quests in Indonesia At this writing the American British and Australian units al ready are re ported to have sunk or dam aged 13 Jap warships and three other Jap ships in this five day old conflict As against this Tokio claims the sinking of five united na t i o n s vessels including MACKENZIE a United States battleship and two of our aircraft carriers the Saratoga and the Yorktown Australian Prime Minister Cur tin Friday declared that this en gagement is of crucial importance to the whole conduct of the war in the southwest Pacific That seems like a fair statement of the position for while we do not know the size of the fleets in volved it may easily be that they are large enough so that domina tion of the Pacific may be bound up in the issue That is to say should either side suffer a dis astrous defeat it might mean the passing of naval control to the other side It seems doubtful to me that Hie Japanese were bent on wholesale invasion of Australia The probabilities are that they have been aiming 1 at the cutting of American communi cations with Australia so as to prevent our delivery of sup plies and troops and 2 at the possible occupation of some I strategic points on the north f coast of Australia or at least rendering the positions im potent These operations would tend to nullify Australias striking power against the Japanese left flank in the southwest Pacific and permit the Nipponese to consolidate their widespread conquests Of course a Japanese victory in the sea battle now waging might bring about a complete change in Japanese tactics They might be encouraged to undertake opera tions which up to this juncture havent been feasible including a major invasion of Australia However prior to the opening of this battle of the coral sea the indications were that the Japanese were pursuing the logical course of trying to consolidate the vast new empire which they had stolen The Jap is wily and is quite aware of the danger of letting greed persuade him to keep on reaching out for new territories until he has overextended him self Japans greatest worry has been the rapid growth of Ameri can power in ihc Australian base for this has created a di rect threat to all the Nipponese conquests Not only will this base fn time become stronp enough to foster an allout major offensive aftainst the Japanese but it already has es tablished a menace to Japanese sea communications between the mother country and the oc cupied territories As Rear Admiral Harry E Yar ncll U S S remarked Thursday in a speech in New Balky Mule Wont Appreciate Sugar Rationing Business RICHMOND Ind balky mule wont appreciate this sugar rationing business The local rationing board re ceived a plea from the mules owner for a book of stamps for the animal It was vital he ex plained because the mule re fuses to move much less work Without frequent rewards of lump sugar The board informed him it was sorry but no books could be is sued to animals CARRIERS SUNK Japanese Also Assert British Battleship Is Heavily Damaged Japanese TOKIO From Japanese head quarters announced Friday that Japanese naval units had sunk a United States navy battleship and two U S aircraft carriers heav ily damaged a British battleship and crippled a British Austral ian heavy cruiser in a continu ing battle over the Coral sea The as of the 10000 ton Canberra said to have been seriously irippled and axis dispatches Broadcast from Berlin said it was unofficially to have gone o the bottom also The American craft declared sunk were formally identified as A U S battleship of the Cali fornia type A U S aircraft carrier of the Saratoga type and another ofthe Yorktown type The British battleship of Ihe 30600 ton Warsplle type the World war Queen Elizabeth heavily damages the communique reported A Rome broadcast listed this ves sel as sunk The communique and a note which preceded it differed as to Ihe dates of the action but agreec that a preliminary phase startec Wednesday The note said the sinkings took place May G ant the communique Thursday anc Friday The preliminary announcement said Imperial Japanese heidciuar ers confirm in a communique is sued at p m Japanese lime a m C W T the sinking of two U S aircraft carriers the Yorktown and Saratoga as well a of a U S battleship of the Cali Cornia class in a naval battle in the Coral sea on May 6 and 7 The imperial headquarters text was quoted as follows Imperial navy units operating in the New Guinea area discov ered and caught a powerful An gloAmerican combined fleet May 6 in the Coral sea Attacking them on May 7 they instantly sank a U S bat tleship of the California type and seriously crippled a British A class cruiser of the Canberra type and heavily damaged a British battleship of the War spite type They sank Friday a U S air craft carrier of the Saratoga lype and another of the Yorktown type The attack is still being con tinuedThe battle will be called the sea battle of the Coral sea Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Friday afternoon and Friday night not much change in temperature Saturday forenoon IOWA Somewhat warmer Friday afternoon not much change in temperature Friday night and Saturday forenoon MINNESOTA Slightly warmer south portion Friday afternoon cooler extreme north Friday afternoon and north portion Friday night and Saturday fore noon light showers northeast portion this afternoon and early Friday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 65 Minimum Thursday Night 40 At 8 A M Friday 57 YEAR AGO Maximum 68 Minimum 39 Precipitation 05 York Japans greatest vulnerabil ity is these sea communications Not only are the lines terribly long but the Japs are very shor of merchant shipping and everj vessel sent to the bottom is a rea victory for the allies Already th allies have taken a heavy to of Japanese transports and cargc ships Allied By C YATES McDANIEL ALLIED HEADQUARTERS Australia greatest naval battle of the war is in progress in the seas directly east of Australia with the immediate fate of tins depending on the mdeterminecl result Allied headquarters TV 1 J f tTT lounced that already 10 Japa H AT W T bccn sunk su AfeL1L WJ aL badly damaged as follows SUNK An aircraft carrier a eivy cruiser a light cruiser two lestroycrs four gunboats and a upply vessel DAMAGED OR BELIEVED A TOTAL LOSS Another aircraU arricr HEAVILY DAMAGED A heavy cruiser a light cruiser a 9000ton seaplane tender a cargo vessel ind a transport Allied bombers were credited with destruction of still another Japanese transport in a raid on the Louisiade islands northeast ot Australia The Japanese countered with a claim that an American battle ship of the California class and two aircraft Sara Additional Reports on Sea Battle Are Anxiously Awaited WASHINGTON In both Washington and Aus tralia after he initial an nouncement shrouded the prog ress of the Pacific sea battle late Friday President Roosevelt cancClcB his mornintr press conference and the war and navy depart ments announced there would be no morning communiques Reports on the battle of the Coral sea were anxiously awaited throughout Ihc world Official reports of the naval op erations arc usually delayed a day or more so the action may well have been broken off by now but it was believed that the allies would try to maintain it as long as passible Greatest Sea of Wai Is in 5th Day By JOE ALEX MO1UIIS United Press Foreign Editor American and allied warships and airplanes fought the greatest naval battle of the war against the Japanese in the gleaming Coral sea off northeastern Aus tralia Friday with 17 enemy ships already knocked out and a major turning point in the far eastern conflict possibly at hand But the outcome of Ihc Coral sea battle now in Its fifth day was not yet decided and there no Inofficial al lied sources as yet to taKe an optimistic viewpoint of he hit ter fighting that may well de cide the immediate safety of the supply tine from America and the vulnerability of Australia to threatened invasion Two battleships the California and the Tennessee make up the California class Both were built in fll9 and have a displacement of 32600 and 32300 tons respec tively The normal complement of each is 1480 men The aircraft carrier Saratoga which displaces 33000 tons was built in 1925 Her complement in cluding flying personnel is 2122 The aircraft carrier Yorktown built in 1936 is a vessel of 19BOO ton Her normal complement in cluding flyers is 2072 She has space for more than 100 aircraft the Saratogas normal aircraft load is 81 planes her maximum is 00 planes lowan Given Purple Heart for Heroism at Hickam Field Hawaii HONOLULU Col Elmer P Rose of Bussey Iowa operations officer at Hickam field in the Hawaiian islands Thurs day was awarded the Purple Heart decoration for heroic ac tion during the Dec 7 attack on the islands Colonel Rose was awaiting American planes from the mainland when the Japanese planes flew over Although wounded by a bomb fragment he continued to direct firefighter the moving of equipment and helping the wounded dodg lins bombs and machinegun fire The tone of official statements in Australia was grave and re strained pending official informa tion on allied losses which the Japanese claimed were an Ameri can 32600ton battleship two American aircraft carriers a Brit ish battleship and a British or Australian cruiser These Japanese claims were generally regarded as inaccurate and exaggerated The British for instance positively denied in an admiralty communique that any British battleship had been sunk or damaged in the Coral sea en gagement But in a battle of the scope in dicated by sketchy communiques from Gen Douglas MacArthurs headquarters the allies would be likely to suffer severe losses in their drive to come to grips with the enemy and lo continue the en gagement as long as possible The communiques covering ac tion that began on Monday failed lo make clear the course of the battle except in a general way Apparently the Japanese warships I transports and supply vessels I which had been massing in the New Britain island area north of Australia began moving through the Solomon islands in the genera direction of the supply line to America At the same time the Japanese occupied islands in the Louisiade archipelago which forms a tail on the eastern point of New Guinea island This seemed lo indicate that the Japanese were closing in by sea on Port Moresby main al lied base in southern New Guinea and possibly moving southeastward at the same time toward he New Hebrides and New Caledonia athwart the supply line American troops are on New Caledonia Prime Minister John Curlin cf Australia indirectly supported this supposition in parliament when he warned that the still un decided battle would be a turn ing point in strategy His warn ing was couched in vague terms but emphatically called upon the people to be ready to defend Aus tralia if the outcome was unfav orable The Japanese not yet first en gaged in the vicinity of Solomon islands where an American com munique said that seven warships and a supply vessel were sunk and four other ships damaged The battle then apparently spread out into the Coral sea which stretches 1000 miles tralia off northeast Aus Buy war savings bonds and stamps from your GlohcGareUe carrier 003 toga and Yorktown classes had been sunk a British battleship and an Australian cruiser heavily damaged f Neither side reported losses of Us own but Ihc British ad miralty promptly denied the Japanese claim that the battle ship Uarspilc or any other British battleship lias been sunk or damaged in the battle The Japanese located the bat tic in the Coral sea southeast of New Guinea saying it began Wednesday when a powerful AngloAmerican combined fleet was discovered and caught Allied headquarters did not specifically name the location but successive communiques indicated it was ranging over a wide ex panse of ocean south of the Solo mon islands and extending into the Coral sen If actually in the Coral sea Ihc battle indicates llic Japanese have broken through the outer screen of islands which shield the Australian continent on ihr east at a distance of about 1000 miles The critical importance of the gigantic conflict was perhaps rivalling that of the dis puted Worldwar battle of Jut land which so far stands as the heaviest naval engagement of all time On results thus fnr announced it already is by far the largest battle in the history of the United Stales navy Prime Minister John Curtin gravely told the Australian house of representatives that the present action was of crucial significance to the whole conduct of the war in this theater Nobody can tell what the re sult of the engagement will be at this moment Curtin declared It was the first test of strength between the allied and Japanese fcets since the battle of Java early last March and first rc i ports Indicated H would far ex 37 ;