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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 7, 1963, Mason City, Iowa Veto seen as campaign issue See story on page 3 HOME EDITION Allow tax earmarking to aid Senate debate book burning A win for propaganda By RICHARD SPONG GlobeGazette Editorial Research Bureau WASHINGTON Torchlights flared as the students paraded down Unter den Linden to the square opposite the University of Berlin A huge pile of books had been gathered there None doubted what would happen jcext At about midnight on May 10 1933 the Nazi students set their torches to the books As the flames leapt more books were thrown on the pile In the words of a student proclamation any book was condemned to the pyre which acts subversively on our future or strikes at the root of German thought the German home and the driving forces of our people Dr Paul Joseph Goebbels the crippled loveless little man whom Hitler had appointed Propaganda Minister after his accession as Chancellor some four and a half months earlier looked on in grinning approval Then as the books turned to ashes he addressed the exhiJ arated students The soul of the German people can again express itself shouted the man who himself was a frustrated novelist playwright and journalist These flames not only illuminate the final end of an old era they also light up the newJ William t Jarirer who has preserved the scene of the be ginning of the burning of the books for posterity lists some of those tossed into the flames Authors of world reputation were so honored among the Germans were Thomas and Heinrich Mann Lion Feucht wanger Jakob Wassermann Arnold and Stefan Zweig Erich Maria Remarque Walter Rath enau Albert Einstein Alfred Kerr and Hugo Preuss the last the scholar who had drafted the Weimar Constitution But not only Germans were subversive of the German home Also consigned to the flames were works by Jack London Upton Sinclair Helen that old radical Margaret Sanger H G Wells Havelock Ellis Arthur Schnitzler Freud Gide Zola and Proust The was repeated in several other cities It was in Shirers phrase something which had not been witnessed in the Western world since the late Middle Ages Goebbels spoke with evil ac curacy on that sorry midnight The democratic press was emasculated and enemies of the regime were denied the medium of the written and spoken world Sumner Wells then US As sistant Secretary of State re members mournfully that In many quarters notably in the United States popular attention was largely focused on Hitlers personal idiosyncrasies and on the similarity between his mustache and that of Charlie Chaplin But the strait jacket had been applied to German cul ture Hitlers Kulturkampf was on The newspaper that mokes all North lowans neighbors MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE VOL 103 MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY MAY 7 1W3 10c copy No 75 Telstar 2 shot is AOK Road block removed Can channel money in bill DES MOINES AP A major road block in the path of a Senate revenue bill was removed Tues day when Lt Gov William L Mooty changed a ruling to permit earmarking of taxes in the meas Successful through 3rd stage CAPE CANAVERAL Fla CAP threestage Delta rocket blast ed off Tuesday in an effort to send a second Telstar satellite into or bit as another step toward a worldwide space communications system The 90foot rocket blazed sky ward at am with the 175 pound Telstar 2 cradled in its nose The satellite was aimed at a wide looping orbit ranging from 575 to 6559 miles above the earth Project officials announced shortly after launch that the sec ond stage had ignited succesful ly About 15 minutes later they an nounced that the third stage also had ignited successfully and that the payload had separated A tracking station on the West Indies island of Antigua reported it was receiving signals from the vehicle everything appeared normal at that stage of the flight Officials said the sateilite would require nearly four hours to make one trip around the globe and that a successful orbit probably could not be confirmed until the first pass was completed Telstar 2 like its enormously successful predecessor Telstar I was built as an experimental ve hicle to seek the best means of using satellites to transmit radio television news picture and tele phone service to every corner of the globe The new space switchboard included design changes aimed at avoiding the severe radiation damage which eventually killed the first Telstar Its planned deep est penetration into space was nearly twice that of the first Tel stars 35431mile apogee This would make possible longer trans mission times between the United States and western Europe and next year would open the way for exchange of television signals be tween the United States and Ja pan Initial transatlantic tests with Telstar 2 were scheduled Tues day about 13 hours after launch ing when the bejeweled sphere was to start its fourth orbit A ground station at Andover Maine planned to beam a four minute video tape to the satellite for immediate relay to ground stations in Britain and France PLANNED is a drawing of a typical orbit of Telstar II as compared with the now inop erative Telstar I North Iowa Fair to partly cloudy through Wednesday Lows Tuesday night near 60 Highs Wednesday 8085 Evacuation of Haiti ordered WASHINGTON United States ordered all de pendents of US government personnel to leave Haiti It also urgedevacuation of private American citizens there An airlift of chartered com mercial air liners will start the evacuation Wednesday from Port au Prince the Haitian capital to Miami the State De partment said On t he inside Editorials 4 Sports News7 North Iowa News 9 Comics 10 Society News 1213 Latest Markets22 Mason City News 212223 Clear Lake News24 Farm News 25 Classified Pages 2627 Bulletin GROTON Conn UPI Three persons were killed Tuesday when a flash fire broke out on the nuclear sub Flasher under construction here ft was a sister ship to the Thresher which sunk in the Atlantic with 129 aboard Mystery surrounds 2 missing soldiers BERLIN AP Communist East Germany says a US Army captain and a sergeant have ap pealed for political asylum The Army confirmed that the captain crossed into East Germany and the sergeant is missing from his unit The captain was a native of Communistruled Lithuania and his mother in the United States received the report with Minnesota Scattered showers alarm and disbelief The scr and thunderstorms ending Wednesday forenoon but be ginning again in afternoon A little cooler northwest Wed nesday highs 6875 north 75 85 south GlobeGazette Weather Data up to 8 am Tuesday Maximum Minimum At 8 am Sunrise Sunset YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 76 55 62 459 62 47 geants wife had nothing to say The East German news atency ADN identified the pair as Capt Alfred Svenson 30 of Scranton Pa and Sgt Benjamin Cain 35 of Frederica Del There apparently was no con nection between them Svenson was stationed with a tank bat talion at Giessen near the border between West and East Germany and Cain in West Berlin lin Friday to ask for asylum US Army headquarters in Hei delberg said it was investigating both cases Mrs Svenson said her husband was kilted by German bombs in Lithuania and she and her son fled to the West shortly after World War II They reached the United States after living in a dis placed persons camp in Ger many Hes weeping The State Department said the continued deterioration of the situation in Haiti and the difficulty of insuring the lives and safety of US citizens led to the departments decision to order the withdrawal of US citizens Officials said approximately 220 dependents of US military and diplomatic officials are in Haiti Roger Seydoux of France presi dent of the UN Security Council awaited word from council mem bers before deciding how to re spond to Haitis call Monday for a session without delay on the Dominican Republics threats of aggression Gonzalo Facio of Costa Rica Organization of American States chairman predicted the UN group would refer the Haitian complaint back to the OAS which debated the issue for two hours Monday The only OAS action was an appeal to both sides not to resort to force Facio did not say when the OAS would meet again The Do minican ambassador was reported returning to Washington Tuesday l with new complaints for the OAS ithe old ones having been disposed of The chairman of the OAS fact finding group on the dispute was expected to report later in the week While Dominican armed forces were reported poised on the Hai tian border U S authorities voiced doubt that Bosch had the military might to conquer Haiti In the US opinion a Domini can attack would rally the Hai tians behind Duvalier and damage the Dominican case in the OAS Ambassador John Bartlow Martin was said to have given this advice lo Bosch Still the possibility that the independentminded Domini can chief might stage at least a token assault was not ruled out Catholic enrollment protest fails JEFFERSON CITY Mo Negro arrests continue BIRMINGHAM Ala minghams jails are jammed with Negroes almost to the bursting point Tuesday and leaders of a massive desegregation drive pledged more demonstrations We will definitely have more demonstrations starting about noon said the Rev Martin Lu her King Jr president of the Southern Christian Leadership inference Kings comment followed the arrest Monday of a policeesti mated 1000 marchers including fegro comedian Dick Gregory The vast majority of those arrest ed for parading without a permit were school children or other teen agers Many skipped classes to join in the campaign j More than 2400 have been ar1 rested since the massive demon strations started Thursday An additional 200plus including King were arrested in earlier phases of the integration drive which began April 3 Police offi cials said at least 2000 declined to post bond and remained in the crowded jails and detention quar ters When the sun goes down Tues day therell be so many Negroes in jail that the people of Birming ham will hate to see a Negro said another Negro leader the Rev James Bevel of Cleveland Miss We could have had 2500 ar rested Monday but we got tired STARTS TRAINING SPRINGFIELD 111 Mrs Joanne B Mariana 38 a mother of five has begun 10 weeks of training at the state police academy here ure Mooty in a statement to the Senate said he felt his actions as Senate presiding officer should be lenient in order to resolve our differences in the closing days of this session Disagreement over whether Hie revetiue measure also could in elude appropriations provision stalled debate of the bill Monday Ways and Means Committee Chairman David 0 Shaft R Clinton opposing the putting o both revenue and spending meas ures in the same bill said he agreed to the change as a practi cal matter in hope of getting the omnibus tax bill through the Senate The maneuvering Tuesday morning followed Senate action Monday to delay the debate after several Senators objected that the measure under discussion would raise considerable extra money without saying how it would be spent An attempt to get the Senate to take up a bill to legalize sale of liquor by the drink ahead of the tax measure was sidetracked 1 Majority Leader Robert Rigler RNew Hampton had urged delay of Senate debate of the House passed liquor bill until senators had an opportunity to study the measure There was continuing disagree ment over how to spend whatever money is raised by a major tax increase bill A strong groupof rural senators want to channel most of it into ad clitional agricultural land tax cred its and property tax relief But other forces insist large portions of the money be allotted to the State Board of Regents and other purposes Forces favoring delay gained a minor victory Monday when the Senate voted 2822 to defer action on the tax measure until a later date The deferment motion was made by Sen Jack Schroeder R Davenport as a substitute for a proposal to send the bill back to the Ways and Means Committee Tor further study Schroeder said he doesnt favor acting on the tax bill until I am assured that citiesand towns will get their fair share I dont think ts fair for rural interests to try o claim all of any tax increase or ag land tax credits JOHNSON TO SPEAK LOS ANGELES President Lyndon Johnson will SAME TRUMAN STATUE Steve Karsay poses beside a 12foot bronze statue of former President Harry S Truman in Brooklyn NY The Order of AHEPA an organization of Americans of Greek extraction commissioned the statue to honor Truman for hia help to Greece after World War II Sculptor is Felix Pe Weldon a member of the United States Art Com missionStatue shows Truman holding a copy of his Truman Doctrine The art work is to be erected in Truman Square after its arrival in Athens later this month in shakeup make a major policy address at the UCLA foreign press awards banquet May 10 WASHINGTON AP Adm George W Andersons strong stand against the Pentagons posi ion on the controversial TFX fighter plane may have cost him another hitch as chief of naval operations That was the consensus Tuesday among knowledgeable military of icers in the wake of President Kennedys announcement that Anderson 56 will be replaced as CNO on Aug 1 by Adm David L McDonald Gen Curtis E LeMay Air orce chief of staff also spoke out against the version of the TFX npproved by Secretary of Defense Robert S his tes timony before a Senate investigat ing group was much less pointed than Andersons Kennedy said he will nominate LeMay 56 for a oneyear exten sion of his tour starting June 3tt The normal tour is two years This appeared to be the hand writing on the wall for the biunt spoken founder of the Strategic Air Command It was rumored earlier this year that LeMay was on his way out as Air Force chief after being at odds with mara on the RS70 bomber devel opment and cancellation of the Skybolt airlaunched missile Some observers suggested the administration chose to ease May out via the oneyear exten sion route rather than clash with LeMays powerful backing in Con gress Informed sources said Ander son loo hard for his own the scenes at the Pentagon opposing a sin gle model of the TFX fighter for both the Navy and Air Force Dillinger bestknown of all Americas criminals By JOHN TOLAND The bestknown desperado in Ihe annals of American crime is John Dillinger a national newsweekly decided recently Unquestionably he stood out declared Public Enemy No 1 of ficially among all the mobsters and gangsters in the Nineteen Thirties No other robberkiller Parochial school parents rscn so formidably since being tortured public school bus service nachincgunred h i s mother said Oh tu TT know how the Soviets torture and if they find out hes a hes dead already Mrs Svenson said her son last wrote in January and his letter indicated nothing was amiss In Newburgh NY Cains wife declined to comment She said she had not received official iword from the Defense Depart children lost a legislativewav across the USA There is battle Monday A leader of a promucn be learned from the lest movement then sounded reformative influences in his career in this later day when juvenile delinquency is a nation al problem John Toland spent months in ADN said Svenson drove across nicnl the border in uniform in a mil She and Cain have been married itary vehicle Saturday and Cain i for 10 years and have three chil cortactad arthorities in East Bejjdren a relative said treat on a drive that has enrolled hundreds of Catholic children in Missouri public schools Some Catholic parents said it is too late Their children will at tend public schools next fall A bill to extend public trans portation to private school pupils research and interviews to obtain all facts on the activities of the Dillinger and interlocking gangs There have been other HARRY PI1RPONT an exclusive serialization of the dramatic chronicle j j ra V I Vr lllVVVi II had failed in a House commit tee J books on Dillinger but none as An effort was made in the Houserevealing in detailed truth as Monday to bring the bill to the Rolands new bcstseDer The floor but it was tabled by a reIDiliinger Days sounding voice vote The GlobeGazette continues CHAPTER TWO John Dillinger had seen little reformation in Indiana Slate Reformatory at Pcndlcton and would see even less ncnijSilent System was in effect at tence in the penitentiary at Men ate marched worked fn silence raising their hands children if they had to go to the toilet They learned to talk to each other without moving their lips Each prisoner lived in a cell six by nine by seven feet lit by an unshaded twentyfive watt bulb On the bare wallwas hung a card listing the twenty seven rules that restricted life The beginners in crime from the reformatory could if ac cepted by the older heads at Michigan City get an advanced education available nowhere else Dillingcr was considered too scatterbrained to be ad mitted into the Michigan City high school for crime a long time One of the outlaws Dillinger w admired Harry Pierpont had the inmates for having combeen instantly accepted by the milled a crime only for being professionals and was now lead CauMIU cr an clitc Sroup of confined When DilUngcr arrived the bank robbers His ability to HOMER VAN METER Michigan City to which he was transferred in 1929 at his own request There was no regret by maximum security prison endure hunger and to absorb beatings was so exceptional thai ;