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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 7, 1951, Mason City, Iowa Doily Newspaper fat MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE NIWSFAMR TNAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS N 11G H IO R i HOME EDITION VOL LVII United Preu Full Ltwe Five MASON C1TV IOWA MONDAY MAI 71951 This Paper Consists Two One No 189 One Mans Opinion A Commentary W EARL HALL Maitof inf Editor National Security Transcends Politics IT isnt easy Im discovering to steer entirely clear of person alities and partisanship in a sober realistic appraisal of what should be our course in a quest for national security and a better world If youve tried I know you must have found as I have that its mighty tough divorcing the fundamental issues at stake from the personalities of those in high places whom we either like or dislike For the past fortnight or so Ive been addressing my mind and my conscience to this solemn question the correct answer to which can mean a decent free domloving world with a glorifi cation of human dignity The tragic consequences of a wrong answer I am reluctant to con template My thoughts have turned to this again and again while I was try ing to produce my daily editorial grist In the stillness of the night the question has intruded itself upon my wakefulness with a haunting persistence No Expertness Claimed In this visit with you Im go Ing to share with you some of my conclusions and isome of the con siderations which led me to those conclusions But before I do that I would emphasize my disavowal of any claims to being an expert in the field of military strategy Its strictly One Mans Opinion Moreover it will be noted by somebody if I dont admit quite candidly that in much of what I AP Wirephoto WRECK THAT KILLED pour water on the still smoldering debris of a B36 bomber that crashed at Albuquerque N Mex killing 23 The plane broke in two scattered bits over 500 feet Note the wing tip of a parked plane at the right It was damaged by flames Macs Ideas Too Big a Gamble Marshall recommend I find myself out of step with my party and with many of those who normally would be In rather full accord Dr Walter Judd for example Conversely I find myself in agreement with more than a few of the very leaders of whom for the past half dozen years Ive been most critical those Ive and still almost the full blame for getting us into first the Chinese mess then the Korean mess Secretary Acheson for ex ample Asia or Europe With this as background and preface I proceed to a statement of has been the central thesis in my approach to this life and death question Its this THE ULTIMATE SHOWDOWN BETWEEN THE FREE WORLD AND COMMUNISMIS GOING TO BE IN EUROPE NOT ASIA THEREFORE ANY MAJOR DI VERSION OF OUR HUMAN OR MATERIAL RESOURCES WILL BE AT THE EXPENSEOF OUR MIGHT FOR THIS DECISIVE TEST This I hasten to admit is a debatable premise Its been de bated and by some extremely able debaters In World war H there was a pronounced division of opinion on this question among the experts Then as now it was Gen George Marshall versus Gen Douglas MacArthur Then as now Marshall was top man on the to tem pole His view prevailed As a consequence World war II was fought on a basis of primacy for Europe over the Pacific the ater Franklin D Roosevelt was on Marshalls side and it goes without saying that our allies in S Koreans Cross 38th Parallel Tank Column Takes Chunchon By OLEN CLEMENTS Tokyo Korean in fantrymen pushed the ends of the battle line northward Monday Other forces took up the slack in between while armored patrols probed for withdrawing reds South Koreans pressed across the 38th parallel toward redheld Inje in the east Other republican iroops moved the western anchor of the Korea fighting line further northwest of Seoul A tankinfantry column rum bled through Chunchon on the eastcentral front Monday and a mile beyond without meeting op position Tan Out Other armored groups fanned out all along the center They found no reds Communists sniped on tank ex peditions in the west Monday A U S 8th army communique said reds reportedly fired rockets at tanks east of Uijongbu American jets left their rockets behind for a mass bomb attack on red troop supply and trans port centers north of the commu nist capital of Pyongyang Thirty five shooting stars made bomb raids in 3 waves on railway yards in the Sunchon area The Pyongyang radio climaxed 6 UN planes were shot down and 5 airmen captured The allied command does not comment on red propaganda claims The red broadcast also listed these assert ed wartime UN losses 65000 troops captured 326000 casual ties 1900 planes destroyed or damaged Strong Bid Red ground forces made their strongest bid northwest of Seoul South Korean troops made a Limited advance against North Koreans wlio had been told there Ingham Dam Blasting Will Be Prosecuted wiuiuui baying mat our allies in un mcic that both Briwould be no bif offensive be 4ilr PailSP thp war 1C nhmif tain and in Mar shalls corner in the debate So was I although Gen Marshall vasnt even aware of my pres ence Some Corollary Logic But the point I wish to make here is that Im proceeding from what I concede is a debatable pre mise And I dont propose to de bate it at least not on this occa sion Neither am I asking you to accept it over your better judg ment But if you DO accept it I think you will not find it difficult to go along with me to what seem to me to be some logical corollary deductions Among them these 1 Our overall strategy in Ko rea in the months ahead should be to conduct a holding action de signed to punish the enemy to the fullest extent possible while im posing a minimum cost on us 2 To proceed voluntarily into an expanded scale of warfare against China would in avery real sense be letting our adversary se lect for us the field of battle best suited to HIS use Hed be pick ing both the time and the place 3 Its ever so easy to talk about a quick and complete victory over China But other ing Japan at the height of her themselves in a futile attempt to conquer China 4 While UN spearheaded by the United States I think what other na tions have failed in our REAL enemy would still be present and unscathed in the krcmlin 5 Bitter recriminations with re spect to how we fat into our present difficulties even though documented and soundly justi fied will not serve to extricate us from those difficulties 9 to make ourselves strong CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 cause the war is about UN intelligence officers attrib uted this statement to a commu nist officer They did not make clear wheth er the officer had been taken prisoner or whether the report came from other captured reds UN spokesmen offered no inter pretation of the significance of the statement Presumably the red of ficer meant the war had again reached a stalemate that neither side could win and therefore neither would open an allout of fensive Meat Packers Granted Delay on Beef Rule DCS Moines Iowa of fice of price stabilization Monday received word that the govern ment has granted packers and wholesalers until midnight May 11 to dispose of undergrademarked beef they may have acquired be fore May 7 May 7 is the date when all beef must be federally inspected and graded under the wholesale beef ceiling price regulation The ex iension granted Monday will have no effect on retail dollars and cents ceiling prices for beef The government said it was granting the extension to enable jackers with supplies of ungrade marked beef still on hand May 9 to reflect the actual cost of this meat in their wholesale sales They may charge for such beef the prices set by the general ceiling price regulation rather than the new dollar and cents wholesale ceiling The OPS also is permitting movement until May 12 of un graded beef which left the slaugh ering plant before May 7 DCS Moines Iowa con servation commission decided Monday to place in the hands o proper authorities the dynamit ing of an Ingham lake dam fo whatever action is necessary and proper The decision was announcec after a brief closed session follow ing a lengthy hearing of an at torney and 5 Emmet county farm ers concerned with flooding of farms near the dam Commission Chairman E G Trost Fort Dodge was asked who was meant by the proper author ities He said it could mean the county attorney the attorney gen eral or others The dam at Ingham lake was damaged by two dynamite charges last Thursday A group of Emme county farmers protesting that the waters backed up by the dam were flooding their land appeared before the conservation commis sion Monday for a hearing on the matter The farmers and thenattorney F E Rosendahl Estherville in sisted they meant no harm by the dynamite blasts but were attempt ing to call attention to the situa tion The commission brought outthat the dam is no higher than the normal previous high water mark of the lake The commission said also that the dam made no differ ence because this was an unusual ly wet year Practically all of the testimony taken was given by Rosendahl and the farmers The commission members position was that the matter was up for hearing and was not in the nature of a trial with extensive testimony on both sides The commission said the dyna mite charges tore a hole in the top of the earthen structure and caused cracks in the concrete Mechanical News Group Elects Devine Cedar Rapids Devine of Davenport Monday was elected president of the Iowa Newspaper Mechanical conference Elected first vice president was Gerald Weis of Dubuque and the newsecond vice president is Glen Meloy of Des Moines The secre tarytreasurer Paul Kamler of Clinton was reelected The officers were elected at the closing session Monday morning of the conferences 24th annual meeting Claude Hamilton of Davenport was elected president of the Iowa uinecasting Machinists associa tion which meets in conjunction with the mechanical conference Other officers of that group are Dan Potter Davenport vice pres dent and Leo Rosenberger Clin James Lons Is Freed of Murder Iowa City James Lons 53yearold Iowa City restaurant owner is a free man Monday A jury of 7 men and 5 women deliberated over 18 hours before acquitting Lons of a first degree murder charge in the knife slay ing of Andrew Andy Davelis 40 last Oct 12 The jury received the case at p m Saturday and handed its decision to Judge Paul H Mc Coid at a m Sunday Lons wept when he heard the verdictHe knelt and crossed him self Jury Request Jurors refused to comment on how many ballots they had taken In giving their verdict to Judge McCoid they asked that Lons and his attorneys make no show of appreciation toward them Davelis a waiter in Lons cafe was fatally stabbed while two policemen were escorting him Yank Troops Arrive at Iceland Reykjavik Iceland con tingent of American troops ai rived by air Monday at Keflavi airport 30 miles from this cap tal for the announced purpose o aiding Icelands defense under th lorth Atlantic alliance The num ber of troops was not announced In Washington defense official told reporters theinitial detach ment consisted of about 200 me under the command of Brig Gen Edward John McGaw of Phil delphia In European capitals the opin ion was expressed that it was onl a small contingent of America troops probably technicians for th most part sent to survey possibl air bases in the northern Atlanti outpost of western defenses No Surprise The arrival of the troops appar ently was no surprise to the peopl of this old island republic since i was generally known that negotia tions had been under way for som time nevertheless the announce ment of the arrival was publishe in extra editions of Reykavik newspapers The government statement little light on the mission of th Americans It said only When Iceland joined the At lantic pact it agreed that if wa broke out the allies would hav a similar position in Iceland to tha LAM on secretarytreasurer Appointed section heads for iext years meeting were Press and stereo Joe Tyler Davenport composing room Frank Lorenz Davenport engravers Dick Stoltz Davenport and weekly clinics Joe Groggin Chicago Next years conference city will e Davenport Official registra tion was 233 Falls to Death From Open Window Muscatine twoyearold boy who was playing near an open window in li i s parents downtown apartment fell 3 floors to his death here Saturday Richard Walter Kleist son of Mr and Mrs Walter Kleist died at a hospital of a crushed skull Mrs Kleist told police the boy had been playing near the win down and pushed out the screen The screen along with the boy fell to the sidewalk crowded with Saturday shoppers None of the passersby was injured from a house where he took ref uge when pursued by Lons and 3 companions Davelis later died in the Iowa City police station Lons testified that Davelis Doasted of intimacies with the defendants wife Mrs Viola Lons 3e said he followed Davelis and Mrs Lons the night of the stab bing to get evidence for a di vorce He claims to have black ed out when he saw the couple together in a car Lons and his wife have been estranged since Davelis death She did not testify Mrs Lons has been working at a drivein lear Coralville owned by her brother Ermal Loghry In Receivership Nearly overcome by emotion Lons walked arminarm from the courtroom with Attorney Car roll CahilL Lons said he may take a vacation now that the trial is over His cafe has been in receivership pending outcome of the case Lons brother George Baculis is still to be tried in connection AP Wirephoto to Iceland they had during the last war Bu it was entirely up to Icelanders t say when such a position wouli be granted Assembly Point During World war II Icelanc was major assembly point for con voys to Russia Members of parliaments demo cratic parties were consulted th government said and it wa agreed that now was the time to ask for defense forces This island with an area of 39758 square miles and a population of only 140000 has no army navy coas guard dr air force of its own Of the 52 members of parlia ment 43 supported the govern ment in its request The 9 commu nist members of parliament were not consulted with the death Baculis is charged with aiding and abetting a mur der He is free on 50000 bond Russ Propose Preparation of Jap Treaty Moscow Soviet Union Monday proposed a meeting of foreign ministers of the U S S R the United States France Britain and red China in June or July to segin preparing a Japanese peace treaty Deputy Foreign Minister Alex ander E Bogomolov handed to U S Ambassador Alan G Kirk a memorandum containing soviet remarks on the matter of the United States draft peace treaty with Japan The soviet memorandum gave a comprehensive summation of the U SS Rs views on preparation of a Japanese treaty and charged that the United States illegally usurped preparation of such reaty It said the U S actions hin dered and even prevented conclu sion of a Japanese treaty The soviet communication came after months of negotiation among he big 4 deputy foreign ministers n Paris attempting to draw up an agenda for a meeting of the big 4 oreign ministers proposed by Russia last year to discuss inter lational tensions The meeting in Paris has been bogged down in a stalemate ty of the Laverty Seed Co is us ing a cropdusting plane equipped with a seeder to seed some of the wet fields in Warren county with seed legume and grass seed Lav erty said seeding from the air ap parently is working out satisfac torily PLANE SEEDS CROPS Indianola Charles Laver About The WEATHER Mason City Sunny and dry through Tuesday High Monday 62 to 66 Low Monday night near 38 High Tuesday 75 Iowa Clear Monday night with low 38 to 45 Sunny and dry with warmer temperatures Tues day Winds becoming south westerly and high temperatures damage Want DiSalle to Tell Why Beef Rule Needed By VINCENT BURKE Washington farm congressmen Monday challenged Price Stabilizer Michael V Di Sallc to give one good reason why they should not fight to kill his order rolling back beef prices DiSalle was called before a hos tile house agriculture committee to defend his order The rollback is designed to cut 8 to 10 cents a pound off retail beef prices by early fall Rep W R Poage DTex a key committee member called on DiSalle to refute charges that the order actually will hurt consumers by cutting meat production and producing black markets The charges were made by fnrm or ganizations cattlemen and meal packers Buying Begins The American Meat Institute said that housewives apparently already are stocking up on canned meats in fear of a shortage when DiSallcs order becomes effective With the rollback already under heavy fire from the senate agri culture committee the livestock and meat industry prepared to launch a campaign Monday night o persuade the public it should be scrapped Members of 19 livestock pack ers and farm organizations invited members of congress and the Washington press corps to a mass meeting Monday night to hear speakers at a roundtable forum explain why the rollback wont work About 100 members of congress were invited But DiSalle showed no signs oC weakening He has made it clear that he plans to stick by his order because beet prices are too high and the order has President Tru mans backing He has pointed out that farmers prices for beef cattle now are averaging 152 per cent of level calculated by farm law to be fair The roll back would reduce cattle prices to about 125 per cent of parity Order Contested The contested rollback ordei provides a 10 per cent rollback in average prices packers can pay foi months kill of cattle starting May 20 another 45 per cent roll back Aug 1 and another 45 per cent rollback Oct 1 The first rollback is designed o relieve a price squeeze on pack ers The latter two would be massed on to consumers to pro vide an estimated 8 to 10 cent retail cut in beef prices by early all Cattlemen claim it will reduce meat production because it wont say farmers to corn feed cattle to heavier weights The packers say they will lose usiness because farmers will di vert their cattle to the black mar ket instead of selling to them at ower prices 200 Reported Dead in Quake San Salvador El Salvador least 200 persons were re iorted killed in an earthquake iunday in the cities of Jucuap nd Chinameca Juctiapa is about 90 miles anc Chinameca about 92 miles east o capital Jucuapa has a popu ation of about 12000 and China neca of about 17000 The strong quakes which be an at 5 p m Sunday destroyed lany homes and public buildings lany persons were said to have ecu buried in ruins The exact umber of dead is not yet known ut authorities estimate about 200 re buried in the debris Nearby towns Nueva Guada jpe Santiago Do Maria Usulu and Caserios cast of the empa river also suffered great CHUCK HILTON Name Hilton Governor of Toastmasters C D Chuck Hilton Mason City KGLO news director was elected governor of the Iowa South Dakota district of Toast masters International at the an nual district meeting and speech contest at Sioux Falls S Dak Saturday Hilton was elected without op position The district includes 35 local Toastmasters clubs Hilton was the International speech con test winner at Seattle last August The district also went on record Saturday in favor of the candi dacy of Carlclon P Sias of Wa terloo for the office of Interna tional president of Toastmasters Wendell Butler of Waterloo was the winner of the district speech contest Runnerup was the Rev Robert A Murphy of Des Moines Also taking part in the speech contest was Louis A Jones of Algona and entrants from Sioux Falls and Centerville Hilton served as toastmaster a the banquet and speech contest Dick Mettler Mason City and Al len Buchanan Algona were among 13 Nations Killed Chase of Chinese Secretary Fears Loss of Allies Washington of Defense Marshall testified Mon day that a March 24 appeal by Gen Douglas MacArthur to the cue in y commander in chief wiped out chances to negotiate a Korean war settlement at that time Washington J Secretary of Defense Marshall said Monday Gen Douglas MacArthurs Korean war ideas are too big a involving a risk of all out war with Russia a split in the free world and losing our allies But he indicated the United States is prepared to launch air and naval attacks on Red China if the communists strike at Amer ican forces outside Korea Mac Arthur wants a naval blockade and air blows now Not Willing Marshall himself a 5star gen eral also said it is not true that the joint chiefs of staff have been willing to go along with MacAr thurs views but have been vetoed by him and President Truman And the defense secretary flatly backed President Trumans dis missal of MacArthur from the far eastern commands He said Mac Arthur had grown so far out of sympathy with established pol cies that there was no other re course but to relieve him Marshall who was wartime army chief of staff was in the witness chair before two senate commit services and foreign relations which are inquiring into MacArthurs dismissal and the policy disputes behind it He was the first rebuttal wit ness to the hammering attack Mac Arthur made during 3 long days of testimony last week against Tru man administration policies Censoring Heavy In testimony that often was those giving humorous talks a1 the HiJinx luncheon Thor Jen sen Mason City was the general evaluator Other Mason City Toastmasters ittending the conference were Percy Geelhart John Goldman Don Helbling Henry Hvattum Steve Stahl and Don Wooclhouse Tuesday 72 to 78 Further out look Partly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday Some chance of showers in southwest Early morning temperatures early Wednesday in upper 40s afternoon temperatures in the 70s GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday May 7 Maximum 55 Minimum 38 At 8 a m 52 YEAR AGO Maximum 63 Minimum 32 GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Sunday Maximum 55 Minimum 35 At 8 a m 41 Precipitation trace The Red Cross dispatched doc tors and medicine to the scene and public works ministry work men started clearing blocked roads All the towns are situated in the neighborhood of San Miguel volcano but it did not erupt The quake was attributed to under ground activity of the volcano however SAME Black flat mean traffic death in past 21 Mac Orders Return of Baiaan New York Douglas MacArthur said Monday he had ordered the return of his 4 engined airplane Bataan to the defense department because he feels it is no longer appropriate for him to keep it He made the announcement through Maj Gen Courtney Whit ney his spokesman Whitney said the crew of the Constellation would fly it from Idlewood airport here to Wash ington late Monday At a news conference at the Waldorf Astoria hotel Whitney quoted MacArthur as saying heavily censored before release to newsmen Marshall gave a peek as well at some of the difficulties the United States has encountered with other United Nations mem bers on the Korean war Marshall said 1 The United States is now discussing with other nations a naval blockade of communist China But indicating he doesnt expect them to agree Marshall said We have not brought the ssue up as a formal proposition or them to refuse 2 He and President Truman ap proved last December a procedure ii hot pursuit for air warfare nit the other 13 nations involved n the fighting voted solidly against it The idea was that American planes would follow en emy planes into Chinese Manchur a when engaged in hot pursuit Press for Blockade 3 The United States has pressed for a full economic blockade of a cut off of trade but we have not been able to Dring about that with other na tions except to a limited extent Broadly Marshall sketched the U S policy as aimed at thwart ng the aggressors in Korea stemming communist aggression n southeast Asia and at winning sorely needed time to build de enses against the threatened on Iaught of soviet imperialism MacArthur in his testimony iad cried out against buying ime in Korea at the tremen lous expense of American blood rn gnrln great pilot flies out life I feel I am losing something inestimable old friend Lt Col Anthony Story is Mac Arthurs personal pilot Whitney said he did not know whether Story would remain with Mac Like MacArthur Marshall tes itified behind closed doors A report of his testi n1yimony was given to newsmen after Arthur Whitney said MacArthur first passing through the hands of a military and a state department censor for deletion of material they thought might harm the na tional interest if made public S Pages Removed Great chunks were cut out at garded his Washington appear ance as his final official act MacArthur had no special plans to appear in rebuttal to ad places Once the censors removed re8 whole pages Senator McMahon said after the hearing that un fortunately much of Marshalls testimony not be released ministration testimony Whitneyjbecause the defense secretary said dealt with future plans Asked if the general would tes In MacArthurs case McMa ify before the house foreign af airs committee Whitney said MacArthur assumes his senate hon said 99 per cent or more of the testimony could be made pub lic because the deposed far east t VI m crn commander was talking about i ietail that another appearance vould not be necessary The house committee had in vited him to appear MacArthur intends to remain in York City this week The general rested in his Wal dorfAstoria hotel suite Sunday iftcr 3 full clays of testimony in Vashington before joint sessions of the senate armed services and what had happened But he said Marshall also testified about what is to be done in the future McMahon who is a leading sup porter of the administrations jviewpoint told a reporter he thought that Marshalls testimony would be even more effective if all of it could be released Marshall testified that MacAf thur advised the Pentagon last oreign relations committees Uan 9 or 10 that it might be ne ;