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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, May 07, 1943

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 7, 1943, Mason City, Iowa OEPAfUMENT 0 HIST03Y Afi3 MOINES I C 0 M V HOME EDITION NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX MASON MAY 7 1943 THIS PAPER CONSTS OF TWO SECTIONS i N0180 ENTER TUNIS AND BIZERTE WOUNDED CHIEF LEFT BEHIND AS SUB TOOK DIVE But American Skipper Gallantry Gave Order for Boat to Submerge WASHINGTON subma rine skipper whose last gallant order Take her down sealed his own death sentence was cred ited by the navy Friday with suc cessful attacks on three Japanese ships the last of which the sub rammed in the dramatic night fight for life Jt was in this final action somewhere in the distant Pacific that the officer rode the eon nine tower of his submerging submarine to his death rather nan expose the craft or crew to enemy gunfire He had been wounded a few moments before and knew that the time required to get him safely into the submarine might mean tne subs destruction For this sacrifice Commander Howard W Gilmore 40 of New Orleans La has been awarded posthumously the congressional medal of honor by President Roosevelt Davies Win Carry Personal Letter From F R to Stalin President Refuses to Divulge Nature of Important Message and partly in an account of the final fight The communique which reported American air raids against Japanese positions in the central Solomon islands listed the three last ships attacked success fully by the submarine under Gil more s command as a medium cargo ship sunk a gunboat dam aged and probably sunk a med ium cargo ship damaged Commander Gilmore stave his life to the action against the gunboat listed above the com munique said As he lay on the bridge wounded by enemy ma chine gunfire he ordered his submarine submerged to save it froji destruction The gallant commander first submarine officer to win the medal of honor in this war was on his fourth war patrol against the Japanese Previously his submarine had been credited with sinking a total of 20916 tons of enemy shipping and in addition with having struck boldly into an enemy har bor and attacked three enemy de stroyers caught unaware there sinking two and damaging one These exploits had been re ported by Ihe navy but thev never had been identified with Gilmore Jn fact he operated under the anonymity which shrouds many a submarines operations But the full story came out Fri day about Gilmores last action and the famous last her down The incident occurred the navy said early this year Gilmores submarine was un derway on the surface searching the sea lanes for enemy ships Suddenly a Japanese gunboat spotted the undersea raider and dashed in to ram it Ramming is a favorite method used against U boats and Gilmore was in a tieht spot lie skillfully evaded the on rushing gunboat and his sub pulled aside just in time Then it was Gilmores turn which he could have used to crashdive and get away as quickly as possible Bat that was not his choice WASHINGTON Roosevelt said Friday that Joseph E Davies would leave almost at once for Moscow to carry a sonal letter from the Joseph Stalin The chief executive fended off all attempts of reporters at a press conference to gain informa tion on the contents or on whether Davies would bring back a reply He said Davies former ambassa dor lo Russia docs not know him self what is in the letter There have been conjectures that the president might pro pose a meeting with the Rus sian leader similar to that he has held with Winston Church ill British prime minister Mr Roosevelt told the reporters however that their guesses al ways had been wrong in the past Davies will not be gone very ne very long and will come right back Mr Americans Take Isle Within 70 Miles of Kiska AN ARMY BASE IN THE ALEUTIANS JAN UR Alaskaseasoned United States troops have swiftly and methodically occupied Amchitka island in the far Aleutians only 0 miles from the enemy base at The occupation of the island on 12 was announced by the laskan defense command Friday at Gen Simon B Buckners head quarters The move placed the Japanese force on Kiska in a vul nerable position BULLETINS ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICAVjMain defense positions around Tunis have been overrun by British first army troops already in its sub urbs Friday Heavy fighting raged about the capital as the Germans and Italians sought to check the offensive but the city offers Tew facilities for a prolonged defense LONDON Algiers said Friday that the British first army had occupied the basin of the Tunis harbor By UNITED PRESS A London broadcast quoted a German radio commentator Fri day as admitting that allied troops had penetrated the inner fortifi cations of Bizcrlc and saying that bittle of Tunisia has en tered its last stage ALL I F D HEADQUARTERS NORTH AFRICA reports revealed Friday that al lied planes dropped 1250 000 pounds of bombs on axis targets Thursday sank 25 ships and de stroyed 25 planes in the day of aerial activity during the North African campaign WITH BRITISH FIRST ARMY Tunisia bombers and tanks cooperatcc to crush the remnants of axis panzer resistance and laid open the way to Tunis it can be revealed Friday The direct smash down thc Toad to Tunis was a masterpiece of timing by air power artillery and infantry which gave the tanks their chance to lance through the axis defenses The assault was worked out and a split second schedule from the first attack on Djebel Bou Ooukaz throuah the breakout on to the plain Tunis ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA Tunis to Tunisia Beaches RECORD AERIAL SUPPORT GIVEN ALLIED TROOPS 2500 Sorties Darken Skies Blasting Path for Ground Forces By PHIL AULT ALLIED HEADQUARTERS North Africa greates aerial onslaught in support 6 ground troops ever planes every minute for nine solid the narrow four mile front Thursday and enablcc the British first army to smasl through Mnssicault and roll across the flat approaches lo Tunis A total of 2304 sorties lar est number ever flown the African theater darkened the skies over the narrow front that ranged from 1000 yards la three miles in depth There was hard ly a yard of iroimrt in that area on which allied bombs didnt crash A joint statement by the United States army air force and tile royal air communiques suburb of El treaty which Bardo made where the Tunisia a Edwards Named Chief Roosevelt said He said he as Qf Cf CC f T T q ional envoy would j ul IOl UJ in European Theater LONDON appoint ment of Maj Gen Iclwal Hubert Edwards 46 as chief of staff in the Luropean theater of opera tions was announced Fridav by the U S army He succeeds Gen Charles H Earth 39 who was killed last Monday in a plane accident in Iceland that also took of LtGen Frank M Andrews and 12 others learn the contents of the docu ment in Moscow discuss them and then return To an inquiry whether as to Davies would bring a reply the chief executive asserted that his questioner was assuming the letter called for a reply Will it he was asked With a grin he replied that no body had seen the letter except himself and his personal secre tary Miss Grace Tully Did you write it in English a reporter wanted lo know No Irish the president re torted He ordered a maneuver which placed the submarine in position to ram the gunboat and at a speed of 17 knots drove his powerful craft into the Japanese ship rip ping its hull plates and apparently settling its fate The gunboat and sub pulled apart and the former began to sink At that moment its crew opened fire with heavy machine guns and Gilmore was struck by the hail of bullets Members ot his crew sought to carry him below He realized the navy account said that the delay inevitably in taking a wounded man below deck might cost the submarine or at ieast the lives of men So in his Will Tolerate No Stoppage in Mines WASHINGTON t Koosevclt made it plain at a press conference Friday that the gov ernment docs not expect nor will it tolerate any new work stop page m the coal mines because ihe miners now are employes of tne federal government Under questioning the presi dent said that he regarded the coal miners as government em ployes He added that in his many years of government service he could not recall any strike by federal employes against their government final moments he gave his last or der to the officer on the deck Take her The submarine dived As she plunged under the surface the wounded skipper still riding the bridge the Japanese gunboat was settling deeper into the sea and apparently it sank The sinking could not be definitely claimed however a French protectorate was signed in the 1880s was occupied Fridav by British forces The Bey of Tunis has his main palace in Lc Bardo It was not learned here whether the bey remained there moved into Tunis or was taken to Europe by the axis usually are models of restraint and The greatest effort in air his tory oveia battlefield was made Thursday by the tactical iii force of Air Vice Marshal Sir Arthur Coninglmm in cooperation with the advance of the first army along the MedjczTunis road south Weather Report FORECAST JIASON CITY Cooler Friday aft ernoon and Friday night with frost Friday night heavy on lowlands Low temperature 8 not so cool by Saturday noon Continued cool Friday and Saturday forenoon near freezing temperatures cv Irome north portion Friday night occasional light rain ex treme south Friday night and IOWA night in south and central Saturday forenoon portions MINNESOTA Continued cool Friday and Saturday forenoon Frost and freezing temperature Friday night Lowest tempera ture 24 to 32 IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 55 Minimum Thursday night 33 At 8 a m Friday 34 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 30 Precipitation jj Frost Allies Only 5 Miles From Salamaua By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Gen Douglas MacArthurs headquarters announced Friday that allied troops had captured Ihe village of Bobdubi only five miles from the big Japanese base al Salamaua New Guinea while allied planes roared 20 times over Ihe nearby area pouring cannon and machine gun fire into enemy troops The thrust represented the closest penetration to Salamaua in the campaign but there was still no indication of a major allied offensive to take the base Previous sorties have been chiefly hitandrun raids to de moralise the Japanese and probe for weak spots in the enemys defense Dispatches from allied head quarters said the coup threalcncd to cut the line of supply to Japa nese lorccs entrenched at Mubo miles south ot Salamaua Meanwhile Gen M a c A r t h ur disclosed that Japanese subma rines had sunk five allied freight ers east of Australia but com munique said the vital flow of al of the Medjcrda river Another North African record was set by allied planes which ranged out across the Mediter ranean to slash at axis communi cations A total of 27 ships were hit 12 them definitely sunk and several others left in sinkin condition The toll included one axis destroyer sunk and another destroyer set afire Twenty enemy planes were shot down in battle and over axis airfields and another three were doiined over the Mediler ranean The allies lost 10 air craft An RAF officer reported that British infantry after watchin the vast swarm of allied planes ran over to where he was stand ing shook his hand and God what a show It was one of the greatest aerial operations of the war comparable stzc to lho innn lOOt bomber raid nearly a year ago on Cologne The offensive coincided with a headquarters announcement that the allied air fortes sank 02 ships and excluding attacks bv the desert air force dropped 18 56 i2f pounds of bombs on enemy positions and shipping betuccn Nov 8 and May 2 Altogether enemy aircraft were de stroyed in aerial combat or by antiaircraft guns while allied losses totaled 631 aircraft Cleaiins skies Thursday en abled air commanders to throw every plane in their arsenal atamst the enemy coincident the opening ot general land offensives affainst Bizerte and Tunis Fotircngincd flying fortresses paced the attacks and in the van guard were Wellington Mitchell Bislcy Baltimore Bos French bombers hurri Clogged Enemy Transport Columns Believed Trying to Fall Back to Cap Bon By VIKGIL PINKLEY ALLIED HEADQUARTERSANorth Africa forces smashed into the outskirts of Bizerte ai d the Brit sh first army captured the suburbs of Tunis Friday in lightnini thrusts that pmned the axis back against the beaches of TunTsia cosin Biitish first army tanks dozen miles across the roll inn to seize the town of Lt dardo site of the palace of the Bey of Tunis only a mile and a lalf from the capital and the race in the Fridaj north seized Fenyville an impor nine Heavy fighting outskirts of Tunis early afternoon Overhead a mighty allied air armada again rave the cronnd offensive powerful support Wasting a pafh through the remnants of axis armored units and spreading death and de struction amoinr closed enemy transport columns which appar ently were ryinc to fall back for a last stand in the hills of Cap Bon east of Tunis The town of Ferryvillc on the outhwest corner of Lake Bizcrtc el to an American armored rec nnaissance unit at n m rid ay The Americans immediately wung on to Bizerte which wit Iso under attack by Americans nd Irench from the coastal sec or north or Lake Achkel The utskirts of the town were pene rated and captured a short time alcr Everywhere the Germans re isted desperately to protect their ine of retreat to the hills of Cap 3on east of Tunis but they were altered by sledgehammer blows f a great allied air onslaught ver the whole battle front The axis front in Tunisia was cut in two with Bizerte isolat ed from Tunis Enemy trans port columns were falliiiR back before allied infantry and were beiiiK pounded furiously from the air captured own of Massicault on the ccn val pliiins and surged on east vard toward St Cypricn fo wilh ii easy artillery range of Tunis vlnch was lui longer protected by an formidable natural barrier Both Americans IF uwni icans ant Brit arany prisoners were taken by were closing in the junction ic alli British ic allied forces as they the racetrack al four our imtcs from the heart of the city cut up isolated enemy rear guards and pinned the remnants oncepowerful axis army of a back against the beaches of Tunis and Bizerte The victory came just one day less than six months after the Americans and British invaded North Africa A Dunkirk battle on the beaches of Tunisia appeared im minent The British first army lank advance started after a m Friday on the heights near St Cypricn 10 miles from Tunis and carried to the capital out ton and hed reinforcements and supplies to the southwest Pacific con tinues virtually undiminished United nations airmen stepped up operations after a spell of bad weather blasting ihe enemy base at Manokwari Dutch New Guinea destroying nine Japanese floatplanes in the Aroc islands farther south A boat loaded with enemy troops was also sunk In the Burma campaign Brit ish headquarters reported an Japanese Mirmt the M i irujnijtis nurn bomber warhawk lightning and KiUyliaivk fighterbambers and spitfire hurricane w a r h a vk lightning and airacobra fighters A special air force communique Thursday night said the blasting of the path constituted the most conconlritcd air attack of the war Bombers and fighterbombers law down a movingcurtain explosives As the line of burst ing bomhs crept deeper into enemy territory first army troops advanced cautwwly to splinters and shrapnel from their own bombs as well as shells laid down by a 4W gun British artillery barrage I carrier Savings yoar BomH and skirts by noon Instructed by Gen Sir Harold Alexander in an order ot the day to drive Ihe enemy axis forces mlo the sea allied infantry artil lery armor and air forces united m allout blows thai collapsed Ihe mam axis hill defenses and brougnt Tunis as well as Bizcrtc within artillery range Americans and French north another 9n prisoners took four im portant hill features hammered at the road junction of Ferry viile after mopping up a bitter end German garrison on a nearby hill They also seized Djcbcl Zarour south of Lake Bizcrte and cleared the hills southwest of the vital Cnouigui pass only six miles northwest of Tebourba which fa now threatened from three sides The fall of Tebourba appeared imminent he British rirst army had pushed an overwhelming weight n n tv Ml rcbourba from which the cnemv apparently ithdrawim The allies continued all out offensives that would gixe the enemy no opI porlumty to catch his breath and sought to drive him back In a Dunkirk on the Mediterranean beaches Bizerte was almost cut off from Tunis and the entire axis moun tain front had fallen apart under infantry and artillery attacks and after the greatest aerial attack ever hurled against enemy lines had literally blasted a fourmilc widc path through the hills with more than 2000 sorties in a few hours American infantry and armor were smashing the enemy de fenses of Bizerte into small iso lated areas as the British fanned out on the plain before Tunis from heights only two or three miles west of St Cyprien The American and French columns on the north coast pushed forward over easier xround on the north side of Lake Achkel and due in within less than nine milts of the bi naval base South of Iake Achkel they were thrusting close to the outskirts of Ferry ville Still farther south in sweeps against the enemy lines southeast of Mateiir they were reported threatening to trap large enemy rearguard units in the Tebourba hills and had thrown out a spear head toward Djedcida which lies cast of Tebourba and only 13 miles from Tunis The German communique Fri day acknowledged that superior5 allied infantry lank and air for mations had achieved a deep pone imtiori in Tunisia The Italian communique said that Rcggio Di Calabria Trapani Marsala and the island of Favitnana had been bombed by allied fourmotored planes a vis prisonerswere taken but no count had yet been made and mopping up operations still in progress at many points Tlic Americans striking south east from Maleurcleared the hills four miles south of choui Km dcsnitc stronjr resistance I hey pressed on toward Tc bourba Front dispatches said the enemy withdrawals were mostly in the direction of Tunis indicating the Germans planned lo make a stand on Cap Ron peninsula cast For more than 36 hours the al Ucd doubleheaded offensive had been gaining momentum and the axis appeared to be too badly bcjtci to hold much hope of stopping it short Cap Bon The main attack on Thursday as on a 10mile front where the iho frst anny brokc through the last mountain barriers cast oC McdjezElBab and flooded out on the rolling plain pushing beyond Massicault in a sudden lightning thrust The breakthroughwas made possible by an allout allied aerial assault that sometimes brought infantry leaping out ot foxholes to cheer and shout at the bombers sweeping close together over the enemy positions and un he hill mEhly hat shook For nine consecutive hours on Thursday there were four planes over the breakthrough sector every never before seen in warfare of this na ture The aerial offensive made Possible by the brilliant work of Britains Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur IV Tedder and his American deputy Lt Gen ;