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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 6, 1961, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE The newspaper that makes oil North lovans neighbors HOME EDITION VOL f9 AMoetated and United PMM Internationa Fun LMM wirtt MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MAY 4 1W1 To a Paper ConiUU of Two SaotloiuMMetlon OM IN Record budget by legislature 5 Americas j home of I revolution 4 Picture not so rosy By JAMES MARLOW WASHINGTON Itf Many Americans probably think of Latin America vaguely as a land of mananas and bananas without knowledge of the life there or even interest in why millions south of the United States may not be madly in love with it Yet many millions there live under wretched conditions Am it was wretched condition that give Fidel Castro a strong popular support for his revolu tion in Cuba In Latin America in the day and years ahead there probablj will be more revolutions based either on discontent and desire for better living or Communis conniving or both AFTER PRESIDENT Ken nedy made a broad goodwil gesture toward Latin with a request to Congress for a million aid let the invasion by Cuban rebels be gin When it ended in fiasco there was shuddering in the Unitec States that the assault on Castro with American help would do this country additiona harm among Latin Americans sympathetic to Castros re forms if not to Castro Meanwhile Kennedy had seni his top adviser on the area Adolph A Berle Jr down for a look around Shortly after the Cuban invasion failed Berle told a Senate committee opinion against communism is crystaliz ing in Latin America This is the rosy view BUT A COUPLE of months ago a Democrat and a Repub lican Sens Wayne Morse Oregon and George D Aiken of Vermont made a report on LatinAmerican conditions and attitudes which give some in sight into the problems and thinking of the people They said All of our techni cal assistance all of our eco nomicaid will fail oftheir purpose in fact they may only make mattersworse if they are not accompanied by vigorous efforts and farreach ing institutional changes on the part of the LatinAmerican people themselves In general terms the kinds of changes which must be made are those which will result in a more nearly equal distribution of opportunity to share in the benefits of economic progress Although there are wide dif ferences among LatinAmerican countries and generalization therefore usually oversimplify the problem it may be said that Latin America as a whole is characterized by oligarchic eco nomies and the absence of a sizable middle class LAND OWNERSHIP is char acteristically concentrated in a few large and underproductive holdings Note One of Castros first promises to the Cuban people before he got power was to give them land for them selves The tax structure is typically regressive and such income taxes as are levied are un reasonably low and frequently uncollected Inadequate taxes measured in terms of ability to pay and tax evasions cry out for tax reform in many areas of Latin America There is no broad base from which to draw support for public services Education is generally available only for the elite The illiteracy is appalling Cities tend to consist of luxury hous ing surrounded by appalling slums History provides many exam ples in the Western Hemi sphere as well as elsewhere in the world recording that where orderly reform is too long de layed violent revolution and chaos result DBS MOINES iffi The low Legislature was in the fins hours of its 1961 session Satur day It has adqpted without an increase in state taxes anothe alltime record budget of abou million a year That about million less than hac been recommended by Gov Norman Erbe and nearly million above the previous rec ord budget adopted in 1959 The lawmakers had expecte to go home late Friday but in the Senate an llth hour hassl over provisions of a House bill alloting to improv state parks and lakes held u Senate business DEVELOPMENTS Friday on which the legislature completed action included The board of regents whicl supervises the three state co legiate institutions will S413 million a year in the nex biennium million a year more than the governor pro posed and about million un der the figure the board said i needed to avoid increases in student tuition fees The legis lature accepted the compromis amount worked out by a House Senate conference committee Cities and towns will get 13 per cent of the state road use tax fund instead of the presen 8 per cent The share for pri mary highways will drop from 50 to 47 per cent and that for rural roads from 42 to 40per cent GOING DOWN the stretch Saturday the Senate had to ac on agricultural land tax credit for which the House allowec only a year above the present The Senate also had hanging a batch of miscellaneous appro priations bills dispatched from the House late Friday These included About million for public school construction at Ames for dredging North Twin Lake in Calhoun County for completion of the Okoboji Spirit Lake sanitary system to buyland for a Cass County lake for a firemans training center at Ames for a state agri cultural products utilization committee and for alco holism research at Iowa City owa Cloudy southwest consid erable cloudiness east and north Saturday afternoon with occasional light rain or drizzle northeast portion Warmer southwest and extreme south Partly cloudy northeast gen erally fair elsewhere Saturday night Fair to partly cloudy and warmer Sunday Lows Saturday night generally in the 40s Highs Sunday in the 60s northeast to around 70 southwest Minnesota Rain ending n south Saturday night Mostly fair warmer Sunday highs in 60s Kennedy to lead ceman to get als cheers WHOOP IT UP FOR Mrs Alan Shepard Jr top wife of the first U S astronaut faces news men on the porch of her Virginia Beach Va home after her husbands beauti ful wonderful space ride With her are her parents Mr and Mrs R P AP Photofax Brewer daughter Juliana 10 and a niece Alice Below Shepards parents ride in the honor car at Derry N H during a parade With them is a nephew David Sherman 11 wearing one of his uncles jet pilot helmets 73 killed 59 injured in brief violent tornadoes GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 a m Saturday Maximum 55 Minimum 45 At 8 a m 50 Precipitation 09 Sunrise Sunset YEAR AGO Maximum 64 Minimum 44 On the inside Clear Lake NewsPage 3 Editorials Page 4 Church News S7 Society News 8 Sports MO Comics 11 Mason City News1213 Business News 1415 North Iowa News 18 SAMi POTEAU Okla tornado hat didnt last 10 seconds killed 5 persons and injured 59 late riday as it tore though two tiny owns in eastern Oklahoma A family reunion turned into a tangle of horror when 13 died or were hurt as the twister smashed Reichert Then it tore away half of Howe a commun ity of 500 Nine died in Howe four al Reichert IT MAY HAVE ripped a wing off a light plane A young boy said he saw this happen and said he saw smoke rising from the forests on Winding Stair Mountain after it crashed The death toll may go higher So could the number of injured Both lists fluctuated Friday night with victims taken to a halfdozen nearby cities It didnt last 10 second said Charles Lewallen BUT IN THOSE 10 seconds the big happy reunion turned into a nightmare Four members of the family were killed nine in jured including two children The storm was the worst of many that blanketed most of Oklahoma for the second straight day It came on the first anniversary of a tornado hat killed 13 and injured more than 100 at Wilburton just 40 miles to the west Twisters struck in neighbor ng Arkansas a few miles away Dne person was killed near Dover and eight injured near iake Hamilton COOPER IS 60 HOLLYWOOD UPI Actor Gary Cooper ill with cancer noted his 60th birthday Satur day N ews in B nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Jf Bourguiba fatigued WASHINGTON Tunisian President Habib Bourguiba is suffering from fatigue and chronic bronchitis and has been ordered to rest for several days Warns of deception MINNEAPOLIS James Van Allen said it was impossible to tell whether the Russians were as care ful as Americans in their space program But the truth will win out eventually and I should think the Russians would be mindful of the risks of deception the University of Iowa professor said Rusk flies to Europe of State Dean Rusk flew to Europe to tell Allied foreign ministers that the strongly aggressive operations of the Communist bloc in such places as Laos and Cuba make greater unity and military strength imperative Rebels hit guerrillas VIENTIANE Laos Communistled Pathet Lao rebels reportedly ignored the ceasefire and struck hard against government guerrillas operating behind reberlines The move caused speculation that the rebels regard the ceasefire only as a frontline them free toround up guerrillas be hind their lines Live and let live MOSCOW Soviet Premier Nikita S Khrush chevsaid the United States sHould open negotiations with Cuba to settle its differences on a basis of live and let live salutes A big day on Monday WASHINGTON UP The na tions capital joined a jubilan America Saturday in preparin high honors for Cmdr Alan B Shepard Jr first American t travel into space Washington which usuall takes celebrities in stride bustled in preparing a welcom Monday for the 37yearol Navy officer There was eve some talk of the nations high est Medal of Honoi Everywhere in the capita there was pride and joy in Shep ards flight in the spacecraf Freedom 7 He was rockete 115 miles into space an splashed into the Atlantic 30 miles Cape Canavera Fla SHEPARD WILL remain st eluded with doctors on Gran Bahama Island until Monda when he flies to Washington Then a grateful nation begins t shower honors on its first space man Everyone from Presiden Kennedy on down was trying I get into the act all across th nation New York wanted Shepar for a ticker tape parade and hi home state of New Hampsbir planned a statewide eelebra tion But Washington gets th first opportunity and it doesn plan to miss its chance Shepard is scheduled to ar rive at An d r e w s Air Force Base outside Wash ngton at am Monday There he will be met by his Aife Louise h o waited mt the tense lours before he space light at their lomes Also accompanying Sheparc n the flight to the capital will e the six other astronauts some f whom will be chosen for fu ure space flights The group will fly by helicop er from Andrews to the White House where President Ken edy will congratulate Shepard i a ceremony on the South awn After the public cere mony Kennedy will extend a rivate greeting to Shepard in e White House Shepard then goes to the State epartmeht auditorium where e will hold his first full dress ews conference since making is historic flight SHEPARD WOKE up Saturday morning in excellent health and igh spirits according to a pokesman after sleeping well uring the night Just in case nything unexpected did go vrpng fellow astronaut Virgil rissom slept in Shcpards room o he was not alone Chest Xrays and blood amples have been examined nd compared with previous fsts They all are perfectly ormal there is no change hatsoever according to Lt ol John Powers Skies clearing SHEPARD across Iowa Iowas weather began on the reary side Saturday with vercast skies rain drizzle and og in some sections or the ther But the Weather Bureau said more pleasant conditions were store for the state Skjes were clearing in the outhwcst in the morning and he clearing was expected to pread eastward across the ale during the day FLOYD EDGINGTON LEIGH CURRAN Sent to governor 3day waiting period OKd By JIM COLLISON GlobeGazette Staff Writer A threeyear driveto end Iowas marriage mill business reached a successful conclusion Friday when the Iowa legislature approved a bill requiring a three day waiting period The bill will change the lives of many persons Iowa has not had a waiting period law since 1933 when a 5day wait law was in effect But a bloodtest law passed in the early 1940s caused a wait ing period for several years because couples wanting to marry had to wait until test results were mailed to Iowa City and re turned When border county seats got equipment to speed blood testing the mill business was in full swing No amount of writing will ever detail the total number o hours of hard work given by legislators public officials and churchmen in seeking approval of the bill Hep Floyd Edgington RSheffield sponsored the bill in the House with support from Marion Olson RMason City Rep Harold Mueller DManly lep Lenabelle Bock RGarner and Rep Fred B Hanson R Osage SEN LEIGH CURRAN RMa on City led the fight in the Senate with considerable behind hescenes support from Sen Ja ob Grimstead RLake Mills nd from Atty Gen Evan Hult man The waiting period law will hange the lives of those young ouples who could come to Iowa or quickie marriages Some of lese people now may change leir minds and save themselves rom marital troubles The lives of many judges and velfare officials in Minnesota will change A high percentage of annulment divorce and child welfare cases in Minneapolis anjj St Paul resulted from unions blessed in Iowa during the years of the marriage mills THE LIVES of many border county justices of the peace will change too Justices who have married hundreds of couples each year soon will find themselves with smaller incomes The drive to publicize Iowas marriage mill abuses startedin the fallof 1953 in Mason City when a justice of the peace in vaded the Cerro Gordo County courthouse and set up his mar riage business in the small courtroom AP Photofax CRUISE IN THE TUB Its customary to sing in the tub And the rich own yachts Alan Witt 21 yearold chemistry student has his own ideas about a tub Outfitted with outboard motor and invisible keel for stability Witts reject bathroom fixture sputters along on Piddinghoe Lake Newhaven Eng land during a trial run Witt shown at the helm of his 40poiind tubnik aspires to chug across the Eng lish Channel to France this June in a stunt to funds for charity ;