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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 5, 1964, Mason City, Iowa Truman carved To hold high spot in history By JAMES MARLOW Associate Press News Analyst WASHINGTON AP Harry S Truman as brisk and cocky as when he left the White House in 1953 will be 80 Friday and if over Jthe years he has sounded selfsatisfied and still does its no wonder He doesnt have to worry his place in history It will be high up In 1952j not long before Tru man turned over the presiden cy to Dwight D Eisenhower the American historian Henry Steele Commager said in 50 years historians would regard Trumans administration as one of unparalleled success iV years later the New York Times reported a survey of 75 American historians showed they listed Truman among the neargreat presidents They may plant him among the great in the years to come by Com ma gers reckoning They named the great ones this way Lincoln Washington Franklin D Roosevelt Wilson This wastheir near great list Jackson Theodore Roosevelt Polk Truman John Adams Cleveland Just before he retired Tru man in interviews with news men who had covered his White House years was asked Ifhe had it to do all over again would he change anything No he said and added If a president makes decision that are right and for the wel fare of the people it does no make any difference what is said about him while he is alive The presidents who have done things who were not afrak to act have been the mos abused Now 12 years later a news man asked the same question got the same answer I would change nothing Figuring h did his utmost and willing to b judged on that he is adjusts tothe thought of death put it this way I know that when fee first jit can be1 said of me H did his damndest No presidentin history eve had dumped him a loac more terriblythan the one in herited when he stepped into tb White House April 12 to be finished in Europ and the Pacific a country t be reconverted to peace and stillundreamed of then a col war to be fought Except that he had been hardworking senator he wa an unknbwn quantity when h became president He was over whelmed He said he felt tb moon and stars had fallen o nim Pray for me he said But what he had was iron an the ability to make decisions What he needed was good ac yiceHe sought it His first test Deciding to end the war wit Japan by dropping atomi bombs on its cities By the fall of 1945 the col was taking shape So wa his thinking about it In speech on Oct 27 1945 he an nounced the United State would keep the secret of th atomic bomb to be safe an preserve peace arid he calle for a large armed force Thing piled up on him but he handle them all like iron In early 1946 he forced Stali to pull his troops out of Iran Early in 1947 he took America once arid for all out of its an cient tradition of peacetime iso la tion With Greece overrun by Com munist guerrillas and Turke pressured by the Soviet Union he proclaimed the Truman Doc trine American help for nation struggling to survive Greec Turkey were saved The same year he launche the Marshall Plan of aid to sha tered countries Western Europ was put back on its feet th rest of the nonRed world wa helped Since then the aid bi has reached billion In 1948 and 1949 with the ah lift he broke Stalins Berli blockade In 1950 he decided t fight the Korean war He wa abused denounced and tormen ed by people like Sen Josep McCarthy who never got o his back But the foreign policy he la down in those earl as been followed eve sitjce by Presidents Eisenhow er Kennedy and Johnson wit variations The main point of was Stop communism in its tracks He was asked once what w the high point of his Whit House years He laughed an said it was his election to a fu fouryear term in 1948 die in Viet crash 9 more American lives added to mounting toll TAN HIEP Viet Nam WA cans and six Vietnamese servhe said the Tan Hico fiemes S Army Caribou transport aught fire and crashed carry ig all 15 men aboard to death flames Tuesday seconds after iking off for Saigon 25 miles lortheast of Tan Hiep Authorities said nine Ameri cans and six Vietnamese serv icemen were victims of the crash the worst American mili tary air disaster in Viet Nam In Saigon a US military spokesman said the plane may have been carrying 10 Ameri cans and five Vietnamese But he said the Tan Hicp figures could be correct The nineman accounting here means the toll of American dead in South Viet Nam is at least 227 Two American helicopters ar rived at the scene two minutes after the crash Others from Tan Hiep followed quickly it was too late to help those aboard the plane Sight bodies were thrown from the blazing wreckage into the rockhard rice field beride a Vietnamese village The heli The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors Home Edition VOL 104 MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY MAY 5 1W4 10c a Paper Consists of Two SectionsSection One Associated Presi Full teased No 73 By WILLIAM L RYAN AP Special Correspondent A Chineseinspired book circulating in Asia lev els sensational charges against Soviet Premier Khrush chev and illuminates monumental Moscow Pe epayment of every ruble king battle for domination loaned for the prosecution of of revolutionary movements the Korean war n the underdeveloped kvorld Bursting with antiKhrushchev furythe book accuses the So viet leader of such things as plotting against Fidel Castros t A VAO VA U O VJ 14 J AiVfd VAWtJ regime in Cuba and advocating Khrushchev as an adventur i vui XJA WlAlillUlllOL vijiBALU Vj UlVWl f struggle to take over South Viet ulator stage manager allo Mam and Laos in Southeast which produce the modern re Asia The charges and documenta tion could have come only from CARTOON WINNER Paul F Conrad tured at his drawing board in Los Angeles after be ing named editorial cartooning Pulitzer prize winner Mason Cityans elated as son wins Pulitzer Paul F Conrad 39 who won the Pulitzer Prize Monday for cartoons he draws for the Los Angeles Time s is a native lowan His parents Mr and Mrs R H Conrad live at 858 2nd NW in Mason City and his twin brother Jim operates a com mercial art agency in Denver Colo We were delighted to hear the news the father said Their son Jim first heard of it Monday and called them from Denver Then they got in touch with Paul in Los Angeles and he and his family were highly elated over the news Conrad reported The R H Conrad family lived in Mason City while the boys were attending college Paul Conrad and his family have visited in Mason City His wife is the former Kay King of the Denver Post and they have four children Jamie David Carol and Elizabeth Born in 1924 in Cedar Rap ids Conrad and his twin brother attended schools in Des Moines St Augustins and Dowling and were graduated from Roosevelt High Des Moines He saw World War II action in the Pacific while in the Army then enrolled at Iowa State University Later he transferred to the University of Iowa as an art major There he drew editorial cartoons two years for the Daily lowan North Weather outlook Variable cloudiness brief showers and thunderstorms through Wednesday Lews Tuesday night in low 40s Highs Wednesday in the 70s Weather details on 2 Graduating in he joined the Denver Post and recently moved to the Times Conrad received an award in 1962 from Sigma Delta Chi pro fessional journalism fraternity He won the Pulitzer Prize for his distinguished work during the entire year rather than for any one cartoon Pulitzers to those who found fraud NEW YORK 1964 Pulitzer Prizes in Journalism have been won for newspaper exposes of fraud and corruption the story of success in solvinj racial problems the coverage o PresidentJohn F Kennedys as sassination and the war in South Viet Nam For the first time since the were established awards Monday were omitted in fiction drama and music No work in those three fields wa deemed worthy of being hon ored The St Petersburg Fla Times received the Pulitzer gold medal for public service The newspapers yearlong investi gation of the Florida Turnpike Authority uncovered widespread illegal acts and reckless spend ing of public funds The stories resulted in a major reorganiza tion of Floridas road construe tion program Norman C Milkr 30 of the Wall Street Journal won the general prize for local reporting for his thorough account of a multimillion dollar swindle in PULITZER Continued on Page 2 Chinese book opter crews sprayed the bodies ith fire extinguishers and ragged them to the edge of the eld The other bodies were pulled the charred wreckage One f the pilots had to be cut from is seat Witnesses at Tan Hiep said he twinengine Caribous left ngine was smoking as it took ff and the smoke thickened as he plane rose The control low r told the pilot the engine was n fire He seemed to get control of he fire for a moment a wit ness said and appeared to iave feathered his engines irobably with his carbon dioxide The plane seemed o wheel around got up to about 00 feet and then plunged down ver the treeline two miles with the engine blazing again Another American the field ommenled When youre at hat height and trouble happens here is nothing much you can do Viet Cong snipers have shot at ilanes landing and taking off at Tan Hiep but American officers abandonment of the Communist Peking With Moscows latest la ment tthat the ChineseVare try the Soviet Urtion out of Asia indications are thai the dispute has gone past the point of no return and that the breaking point is near The book was published in Ceylon late last year It was written in English by Theja Gunaward Hana a Ceylonese Communist leader who is active in the AfroAsian solidarity movement Its text indicates it was virtually dictated by the Chinese The title of the book is Khrushchevism Here are a few of the accusa tions against Khrushchev He made a deal with President John F Kennedy for 20 years of peace and pledged not to support violent revolutions He deliberately built up the October 1962 missle crisis to hu miliate Fidel Castro so that the Cuban regime would be over thrown in favor of Moscow trained Communists He sent agents to Pe king to foment trouble between Chinese and Africans particu larly in the university He plotted the Hungar ian uprising in 1956 in a deal with Yugoslav President Tito only to have it backfire into full blown revolution He bludgeoned Commu nislruled nations with threats of economic reprisals so they would toe his line The book said he threatened to boycott th sugar of one nation obviously Cuba and that he threatened to expel others from the Com munist family hinting tha those threatened were Romania and North Viet Nam or North Korea His policies caused re bellion against his rule in So viet central Asia The Romanian p a r t accused him of advocatint abandonment of collectivization Khrushchev had to purgi Czechoslovak and East Ger man Communist leaders for op posing his line He bled Red China fo oin Albania in breaking awaj from the Khrushchev camp H says Romanian Communis hief Gheorghe GheorghiuDe is a brave manand the worl will soon see the Romanian copies Republic also provin ts national sovereignty Since the book was published Romanian leaders have travels o Peking and have been pic ured in the forefront of effort o softpedal the MoscowPekini dispute But GheorghiuDej di ail to show up at a round o Khrushchev meetings recentl vith satellite leaders Inside The Globe FOOTBALL MOUTH in juries on big decline Page 13 CEDAR RIVER examined for pollution Page 15 Editorials Clear Lake news 6 Society news 9101 Sports news131 North Iowa news 1 Mason City news lo172 The book citing littleknown ocuments which must have een supplied by the Red Chi ese goes far back in the his ory of the MoscowPeking dis ute to portray fleabitten st opportunist traitor manip isionist The author once again seem ng to echo Peking predicts tha Kwill be the next Eu at the field said there was no reason to believe Communist bullets had hit the Caribou Apparently it was c mechan ical failure one officer said Five American visitors from Clark Air Force Base in the Philippines would have been aboard the plane if the pilot had not been impatient to take off M Sgt James Tucker of Gainesville Ga said he and the other four soldiers were racing across the airstrip to get the plane for Saigon hey near ly reached it but the pilot im patiently waved them away The Caribou is a twinengine Canadian made aircraft de signed to provide rapid mobili ty for troops equipment and supplies in forward battle areas It can carry 32 fully equipped soldiers In Saigon meanwhile Viet namese taxi drivers threatened a drive on against the US Embassy because of the fatal shooting of two Vietnamese taxi drivers The shootings were blamed on Americans There have been iio arrests second driver was shol with a pistol on a Saigon streel shortly after midnight A Vietnamese policeman and a civilian claimed they shooting and that an English speaking man probably an American was inolved US sources said that follow ng the second killing the driv ers union met and decided to aunch a massive drive on around the American Embassy Increased police patrols moved into the area CROSS LOCATES CRASH CARRY AWAY THE DEAD Four American servicemen carry away the remains of one of the victims from TT Pliolofax a CLS Army plane which crashed in Viet Nam Baby lifted from crib by wind is dropped into yard uninjured By THE ASSOCIATED TRESS More scattered showers were ixpected in Iowa througTues day night and the precipitation with Monday nights light expected to help settle the dust which has been swirling over portions of the state The dust has been whipped about by the high winds Tornadic winds were reported in northeast Iowa Monday night One woman suffered se vere burns when a stove over turned as her house was de stroyed by a tornado Injured was Emma Arnold 66 of near Monticcllo Several other buildings and utility lines were damaged by a tornado re ported in Jones and Linn coun ties A faaby was lifted from its crib and dropped unharmed in 0 the yard at the Jim Thomas arm where buildings were damaged Buildings also Political eyes on Glenn Wallace WASHINGTON foray into Indiana by segregationist Alabama Gov George C Wal lace and the presence on Ohios ballot of the famous names Taft and Glenn headlined primary elections Tuesday in six stales and the District of Columbia In Indiana Gov Matthew E standin for President to blunt the im pact of Wallace who polled 33 per cent of Democratic primary votes in his first Northern bid in Wisconsin last month In Ohio Rep Robert Taft Jr of the late Sen Robert A favored over con servative Secretary of State Ted W Brown for the Republican senatorial nomination Tafts House vote for the civil rights measure was strongly opposed by Brown lumber wagon after hail and rain fell witnesses said William on at least four other farms in strip from Waubeck to Monti ccllo Tornadoes also were blamed for damage on at least six farms near Hopkinton in Dela ware County The Lux Brothers Leghorn Farms at Hopkinton received heavy damage The tornado at Hopkinton ap proached with a war like a H Hart editor of the Hopkintoa were battered Leader said he saw a tornado On the Democratic side Sen Stephen M Young 75 faced an uncertain challenge from sup porters of astronaut John H Glenn Jr Glenn the first Amer ican to orbit the earth withdrew last month because of a head injury But his name remained on the ballot and some of his backers convinced he is the only Demo crat who can win in November hoped to propel him back into the race by surprising Young Chief interest in other states centered on a Democratic gu bernatorial fight in Florida a sharp battle for Senate nomi nations in Oklahoma and the issue of unpledged presidential electors in Alabama No contests of national sig nificance were on the ballot in either New Mexico or the Dis trict of Columbia Weve been drier than it seemed He wasnt drinking from the bottle a transient told Police Judge Harold R Winston He just keeps it on the scat be side him when driving through a desert The judge noted the nearest desert is several hun dreds of miles away and Guadalupe T Aros 33 no permanent address ii to be tried Friday on a charge of drinking liquor on a public highway He pleaded guilty to a charge that he was driv ing without a license Aros arrested by a highway patrolman early Tuesday on Highway 65 at the north edge of Mason City was unable to pay a fine on the license charge or post a bond on the other charge He is in the county jail unnel cloud Iowa Falls man escapes electrocution IOWA Brown 52 is in satisfactory condition at Ellsworth Hospital here after ie narrowly escaped electrocu tion Monday Brown an electrician at Ral stonPurina Plant came into contact with a high voltage wire while working on a transformer Sparks ignited his clothing and he suffered first and second de gree burns on his left side and face The heat was so intense it melted Browns plastic helmet and fused together the glass and metal of his eyeglasses The plant was closed 14 houri due to electrical failure after the accident 226 SAME ;