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  • Location: Mason City, Iowa
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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 5, 1955, Mason City, Iowa Ntrtfc lows Doily Newspoptr Edited fe MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE T M i N i w s r A r i K THATMAKIS ALL H o t T M IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LXI PICM Fall WirM MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MAY S 19SS ThU riper of Oftt 171 Largest Public Atomic Test Finally Touched Off in Nevada Desert from Our SURVIVAL CITY Nev The largest public atomic blast held in the United States was set off with terrifying brilliance on Yuc ca Flat just before dawn Thurs day The Iowa Time shot flamed with a 25second fireball that seared the desert flat for most of its diame ter The oftdelayed blast produced a shock wave that hit News Nob eight miles away like a cannon shot It shook many of the 500 observers at the news gathering and observation point The shock wave hit about 30 seconds after the initial flash The device being tested packed twice the wallop of the nominal Abomb that devastated Hiro shima and Nagasaki It sent up a towering mush room cloud that began forming an icecap within three minutes By that time it was up to perhaps feet Within six the top of the huge white cloud with a purplish stem was near the foot level It was ex pected to reach feet The flash was seen in Las Ve gas 75 miles away as a brilliant burst of eerie white light Hun dreds visitors to the gambling resort awoke early or remained up all night to witness the spec tacle No boom or concussion was felt however in contrast with previous shocks which have shaken the town Los Angeles San Francisco and Klamath Falls also saw the flash The first indication of damage to this test town was the discov ery the radio test station feet from the ground zero could no longer be heard This was the 250watt station that had been sending out a civil defense mes sage on a wavelength of 1240 kilo cycles A twostory brick dwelling and a onestory frame rambler both located less than a mile from the shot tower were smashed to bits according to witnesses who braved hot radiation for a survey five hours after the deton ation Elsewhere in Survival town damage was spotty But civil defense and military observers who went through the experiment in trenches less than two miles from the vaporized tower reported that most ofthe 10 residences still were standing although the windows were knocked out No major fires were apparent Occupants of front line trenches two miles distant were showered with a cascade of rocks and dust but none was injured One of the 10 volunteers in the trench de scribed the sensation as a hel luva Maj Richard Weatherall Ft Bliss one of the 10 guinea pigs who volunteered for the test said the entire trench began to rock and roll like a boat in a heavy sea when the detonation went off Watching the blast from safer rear echelon positions atop Media Hill were the 500 newsmen and civil defense observers the remnants of a vanguard strong that originally had come out to the Nevada desert last week to witness the shot One mile from the base of the tower was the edge of the typical American suburban community populated by mannequins anaes thetized dogs and 500 rats to test the ability of the average Ameri can town to survive atomic attack The test also was set so that the Civil Defense could see how quickly and efficiently the CD organization can move under real attack conditions to help evacuate and rehabilitate a com munity hurt by an enemy nu clear attack Germany Granted Freedom Ritual Marks Sovereignty BONN Germany UP Wes Germany Thursday became a sov ereign nation at exactly Iowa almost 10 years t the day after Hitlers thousand year Reich crumbled in defeat At that moment the high com missioners of the United States Britain and France finished sign ing their names to the treatie which restore West Germany tc the ranks of free states Within two hours Chancello Konrad Adenauer read a procla mation addressed to the 50 million people of the Bonn Republic in which he pledged his new nation to remain a loyal ally of the free West United Europe There is only one place forus in the world At the side of th free he said Our goa is a free and united Germany in a free and united With the treaties West German occupation by the Allies ended the Bonn Republic won the right to rule itself and assumed the respon sibility of raising armed forces o men to help defend the West In other ceremonies in Washing ton and Brussels final actions were taken admitting the new na tion to membership in the Western European Union and alliance in the NATO forces But even as it won sovereignty Germany still was a divided land The West restored freedom Germany but East Germany re mained under Soviet Communist control and posed a problem for the future Meet List Time The three Western high commis sioners met for the last time at 3 in the High Commissioner James B Conant a Mehlem five miles from Bonn In their last official act Conant Sir Frederick HoyerMillar of Brit ain and Andre FrancoisPoncet o France signed the texts of the last two Allied high commission laws These repealed a half dozen earlier laws and a score of directives and regulations most of which already had been replaced or soon will be replaced by German laws West Germany is among the most prosperous nations of Europe but there are penniless refugees from Communism The nation will rearm to seek unification through strength but to many the uncondi tional surrender of May 6 1945 is too fresh to make rearmament popular Thursdays diplomatic activities completed the ratification of the Paris accords signed on Oct 23 1954 and pushed them through to success despite Communist threats that final ratification will seal the division of Germany House Votes to Ditch Ikes Farm Program WASHINGTON Wl The House Thursday voted 205201 to ditch the administrations farm program and go back to mandatory price support of basic farm crops at 90 per cent of parity About The Weather Mason City Fair cooler Continued fair Minnesota Somewhat cooler Globe Gazette H weather data up to 8 a m Thurs FAIR day Maximum Minimum At 8 a m YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 77 45 56 43 30 AP Wirephoto ATOM BLAST CHURNS EARTH A second after an atomic device was detonated in Nevada Thursday this churning fireball tore at the earth and pulled up clouds of dirt from the desert floor The device was about twice as powerful as the bombs which wrecked Hiroshima and Nagasaki Force of Blast Knocked Out TV Camera Two Miles Away NEW YORK gave viewers across the nation a grand stand view of Thursdays Abomb explosion but the force of the blast mocked out cameras in a forward xench Viewers saw thefamfliar fireball followed by a billowing mushroom cloud that climbed high into the air and then slowly spread out in grotesque shapes The plan had been to use a split screen and show a view of the blast from eight miles away on one side and on the other to show a closeup of civilian defense workers in a trench less than two miles away The direct view from eight mile away remained steady except fo momentary flashes However con nections with two cameras in the forward trench were lost for a least two full minutes and one finally was put out of commission The TV transmission was quickly switched to a full screen view from the cameras eight miles away GREEN LIGHT TO SHIVERS Penitent Demos Who Backed Ike Get Welcome to Conclave WASHINGTON Chairman Paul M Butler said Thurs day penitent Democrats who didnt support the party presidential nominee in 1952 will be welcomed back by next years nominating convention At the same time Gov Allan Shivers of Texas who backed Presi dent Eisenhower three years ago said he had beep assured by Butler hat no attempt would be made junish him and other nationa icket bolters Butler and Shivers spoke to newsmen after a 2Ms hour break ast meeting of seven Democratic overnors with Senate and House arty leaders Sen Lyndon B Johnson of Texas Senate Democratic leader nd one of the hosts at a breakfast or the governors said he told the losed meeting he thinks the Dem crats are going to win next years lections including that for the residency I said we are going to have a onstructive legislative record in his session of Johnson old newsmen We have the mas er craftsmen in the legislative ield in the Democratic Party We believe in supporting Presi ent Eisenhower when hes right nd when we support him we do it roudly When we oppose him we o it on Kew Arrived Home Before ABlast Ken Ktw KGLO news director arrived home in Mason City early Thursday before the Ab o m b explosion Kew waited at Las Vegas through eight postponements of the blast When he could be given no assurance of when it would be exploded he decided to come home Kew had been scheduled to witness the blast from an armored vehicle about two miles away 12 PERISH MEXICO CITY MVAt least 12 ersons including six bus passen crs perished Wednesday night in blazing shower of chemical scl ent from a plastics factory Two Business Places Burn at Belmond twostory frame building at the main business in tersection in Belmond was de stroyed by fire at 6 Thursday causing a loss which may reach Business places in which total loss was reported were a tavern owned by Pat Patterson which had only recently been redecorated and the barbershop of Gene Skinner The fire apparently started from wiring in the tavern storage room The fire was discovered by Ella Cleveland owner of the building who was awakened by her pet cat in her apartment in the building She gave the alarm and by the time she had finished the call the cat had smothered along with several dozen parakeets which she was raising for sale The Belmond fire department succeeded in keeping the blaze con fined to the one building Dubuque Cyclist Is Hit by Car Dies DUBUQUE Ke iioe 16 Dubuque Thursday died of injuries suffered when his small motorcycle collided with a car at city intersection Wednesday Gertrude H e r b e r Dubuque driver of the car was charged with failure to yield the right of ivay on a through street Police said Kchoe drove into the car Vote Billion in New Defense Funds OK Military Manpower Cuts Viet Nam Ready to Remove Dai SAIGON South Viet Nam national congress Thursday gave thunderous approval to a demanc for removal of Bap Dai as Viet Nams chief of state In another political assembly however rebellion flared over a move to give Premier Ngo Diem sole power to arrange fo national elections Two Vietnamese groups were meeting in Saigon and there was no indication of just how their lega responsibilities were distributed One thing did appear Dai is finished in Viet Nam He did not appear acceptable even in the role of a constitutional monarch as reported envisaged by tin United States Theouster of Bao Dai was ap proved at a national political con gress summoned by the Nationa Revolutionary Committee whicl originated the demand for bis re moval last week Second Meeting The second a 7CK member congress a states gen eral of elected local and provin cial councilors and tribal chiefs This body convened in the Pre independence palace Wed Thursday morning 22 southern members of the congress execu tive committee walked out angrily srotesting a proposal to give the Premier sole power to arrange elections for a national assembly They wanted the arrangements placed in the hands of a provincial assembly of municipal and provin cial councilors Conciliatory efforts resulted in the return of four of the southern ers and deliberations were re sumed on a resolution calling on 3ao Dai to yield his full authority to the assembly when itis elected and in the meantime to confer full military and civilian powers on Diem Dai Attacked The entire executive committee lad agreed on a preamble vigor ously attacking Bao Dai but not demanding he be deposed The elected councilors generally more conservative would give the projected national assembly the ower to depose the former em jeror of Annam now living on the Drench Riviera Bao Dai became chief of state in 1949 He has not een in Viet Nam for more than a year Some bitterness arose over the American support for a constitu tional monarchy as the best bet of making the transformation to Dem cratic government Does the United States think it is the only nation privileged to enjoy a dem icratic republic asked one highly placed Vietnamese Has it orgotten its own revolutionary past so quickly Belmond Voters OK New School Bonds at a special lection here Wednesday approved school bond issue for the ewly organized Belmond Com munity School District The vote as 623 in favor and 114 opposed The money will be used for the onstruction of a chool at Goodell a combined bus arn and vocational agriculture uilding at Belmond reconstruc ion to some degree of the present igh school building at Belmond nd to buy some additional land n Belmond for school purposes SO FAR SO GOOD OAK RIDGE Tenn W This tomic city of population Vcdncsday completed a full year ilhout a traffic death Jowa Retailers New Tax Schedule DES MOINES Associated Retailers of Iowa concerned over the problem of how to apply the additional halfcent sales tax voted by the Legislature will meet hen May 17 to work out a proposed schedule The lawmakers raised the sale levy from 2 to 2Vi per cent effec tive July 1 Needs Approval N H Nielson secretary of the retailers said the organization plans to submit recommendation io the State Tax Commission must approve any tax scale jefore it can be officially adopted Louis H Cook commission re search director has proposed the following scale Sales up to 14 cents tax free 55 cents 1 cent tax 56 cents to 2 cents tax to 3 cents tax to 4 cents tax to 5 cents tax to 6 cents tax to 7 cents tax additional sales 1 cent tax on each 40 cents Present Scale Nielson saidthe retailers may approve this schedule Under the present 2 per cent levy the tax is 1 cent on sales of 15 to 65 cents 2 cents tax on sales of 66 cents to and usually a flat 2 per cent rate on sales over Cedar Rapids Boy Is Run Over by Auto CEDAR RAPIDS UP Craig Steven Wolfe 3 son of Mrs Phyl lis Atkins Cedar Rapids was killed ate Wednesday when a neighbors ar backed over him Linn County Coroner Robert Jrosh said the boy apparently was tanding behind the car when Mrs C J Stodola 21 started to back up from a parking place in front of her home Brosh said a rear wheel ran over the boy RIB ROAST FOR standing rib roast a product of Jacob E Decker and Sons Mason City will be flown to Washington D and presented to President Eisen hower Monday as a promotion for Iowa Beef Month which continues through May Displaying the Iowaproduced meat is Roland Nutting 1807 Carolina N of the Mason City meat packing company Dulles Somewhat Cheered Over Situation in World WASHINGTON of State Dulles Thursday professed a certain sense of encouragement over the general world situation He said it is based on a series of small but perhaps significant Dulles was before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee to dis the administrations 3Vz billion dollar foreign aid program He told the committee in statement A series of small but perhaps significant signs suggest that the time may be nearing when those Former Iowa Falls Woman Drowned in Wisconsin River ST CROIX FALLS Wis Wt ragging operations continued in he river here Thursday for the ody of Norma Cook 21 Des Moines who drowned Monday Authorities said Miss Cook for merly of Iowa Falls drowned when a boat tipped over Three compan officers as Bolich and Richard Dinty all of Des Moines cached shore safely Miss Cook was the daughter of tfrs James E Penny Des Moines Survivors include her mother two isters and three brothers ons identified by ugene and Donna News in Brief TRADE BILL WINS WASHINGTON 7313 Senate victory for President Eisen howers foreign trade bill Thursday assured him of the first new tariffcutting powers granted a chief executive in 10 years The bill passed by the Senate Wednesday night now goes to conference with the House to resolve differences POW EFFORTS INTENSIFIED UNITED NATIONS N Y General Dag Ham marskjold Thursday said that contacts with Red China on the ques tion of freeing American airmen jailed as spies have been intensi The United Nations chief executive told a news conference therejhad been new contacts during his recent 10day trip to Europe in which he visited London Geneva and Stockholm QUEMOY PLASTERED TAIPEI Formosa artillery plastered the Quemoy area Thursday with one of the heaviest barrages in eight months the Nationalist defense ministry reported An announcement said Red batteries in the Communist port of Amoy fired more than 150 rounds at Little Quemoy FERRELL INNOCENT BIRMINGHAM Ala WVArch Ferrell prosecutor at Phenix City in the days of its lush rackets empire is free of the charge that he murdered vice foe A L Patterson last June 18 The 38yearold Ferrell sat tense Wednesday night as a jury returned the verdict of acquittal after deliberating 13 hours and 11 minutes who have been seeking the con quest of freedom will in fact put their foreign relations on a more tolerable of Mood Dulles said developments m re lation to reference to negotiations now in progress in Vi enna on an Austrian peace treaty seem indicative of a change of mood which may extend to other He cautioned I do not want to imply that I think we have achieved our goals There are still bad spots as well as good But Dulles continued I do feel a cer tain sense of encouragement be cause today the tactics of the inter national Communists suggest that they realize that the free world is in fact strong and that they do have to give up some of the courses they once Ntw Money The Eisenhower administration asks the 3Vs billion dollars of new foreign aid money for the fiscal year beginning July 1 Dulles was the first witness at hearings on the request Dulles did not enumerate the small signs but he did say that developments in Austria where Russia has offered to sign a state reaty after years of be indicative of a change of mood which may extend to other Action by Committee in House Ballot Set Next Week WASHINGTON UPl The House appropriations Committee TJiurs lay approved the administrations lanned military manpower cuts nd voted in new efense funds It promised additional funds in a hurry in the event of drastical y worsened world The recommended new money coupled with unobligated funds r o m previous appropriations would give the Defense Depart ment to spend dur ing the bookkeeping year starting next July 1 if the House and Sen ate go along Missive Retaliation The budget the committee said in a formal report written by Rep Vlahon emphasizes con tinental air defense and qury in creasing potential formassive re aliation in the event of enemy Subject to House action next veek the bill approved by the 50 man committee provides XX less new money than Presi ent Eisenhower requested but much of the cut was more techni al than real The committees approval of the residents plan to cut Army trength more than during h e coming year is certain to ouch off a House battle Rep lood a committee mem er said he would ask the House boost the funds by million ollars to prevent any military jersonnel cuts The committee said it was con erned about the but dded A large standing army and the tockpiling of large quantities of eapons especially weapons sub ect to rapid obsolescence has een determined as less econom cal in this age of rapidly advanc ing technological Positive Action It called for something positive oth in the forms of needed leg ilation and better o build up reserve strength stress ing combat It held ut little hope for big defense ap ropriation cuts in the immediate uture noting that the present tructure of our armed forces be maintained for an indef inite Heres how the proposed new unds would be shared by the ervices Army a Budget ut of and about 290 millions less than was provided lis year a budget ut of and about 640 millions less than this year Air Force a udget cut of but an crease of over this ear Secretary of defense cut of from the budget nd from this year Interservice activities a budget cut of 10 millions ut an increase of 145 millions ver this year SAME DATE19S41I1 GET JEWISH AWARD NEW YORK and Mrs aniel Salk 65yearold parents of r Jonas E Salk discoverer of e antipolio vaccine have been amed Jewish Parents of the ear by the Federation of Jewish hilanthropics of New York ;