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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 5, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAHR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL un Associated Fraa and United Press Full Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MAY 5 1947 This Paper Consists of Two One No 1ST MAJOR BREAK IN PHONE STRIKE One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editar BROADCAST SCHEDULE JCGLO MMOB Citj SundtT p m tutucr UL p m WOI Amu t wtin inn city Thinair A Look at Our Legislative Fruits DURING the session of the 1947 legislature recently adjourned not all of the comments made by lowans about its effectiveness or competence were complimentary And I suppose thats always true of a legislative assembly whether it be a national congress or a state general assembly But a legislature like anybody or anythuu else is entitled to be judged by Us final results its fruits if you please The wrang ling and the bickering Involved in the legislative processes under our democratic form of government are secondary to the end results It is from this point of view that I should like in this com mentary to appraise this last Iowa general assembly session and its fruits At the outset Ill tell you I think it stacks up pretty favorably with any preceding legislature AS I see it the most important longrange legislation enacted by the 1947 legislature had to do with our schools Out of a fund of million there will be sub stantial slate aid for every pub lic school district in Iowa The start which was made by the last state legislature in the direction of viewing secondary education as at least a partial state responsibility has been greatly expanded The concept now written into an appropria tion is that all of our youngsters are entitled to approximately equal educational opportunity Included in the expanded pro gram is a substantial sum for transportation of pupils agricul tural land credit supplemental aid facilities for caring for our handicapped children including spastics and a general aid to all public schools amounting to a school year for each high school student and for every grade school pupih FACED by soaring budgets oc casioned by higher teacher salaries and many other increased costs the schools of the state had sought more than is being giyen to them The important consider ation however is that the prin ciple of state aid has been both recognized and established There will be no turning back To a considerable extent of course the cost of this new state aid for education program is go ing to be financed out of a full collection of the state income tax For the past several years it has been on a onehalf basis MANY I suppose I can say most going to have to pay more than theyve paid in the past for edu cation What may they expect First I think they can expect better teachers better paid better physical fa cilities better curricula Areas in which the property tax has been inadequate to maintain good schools should be specially bene fited Second I think all of us who pay more in the form of a state income tax can reasonably expect some too much of our property taxes SCARCELY less important in the future of our educational sys tem is the law providing that county boards of education shall be elected by the voters and en couraged to promote their own and state plans for the reorgan ization of Iowas school districts Each county board will have of state aid The practical effect of this measure will be to elevate edu cational standards and raise all schools to a minimum standard Intelligent consolidation can be brought about to eliminate weak schools Its a step long overdue Its gratifying too to know that our spastics and other physically handicapped children are going to be given a break in the same way that our deaf and our blind chil dren have down through the years We must make up for lost time measure enacted by this Jlegislature to set up a program under which southern Iowa coun ties where secondary roads are at their worst will get more state money for surfacing their mud roads is another manifestation of the new disposition to look at lown on a statewide basis At the same time we say that all boys and girls in our state are CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 PROPOSE SLASH IN FUNDS OF 3 U S AGENCIES House Appropriations Body Includes Federal Courts in 23 Cut Washington 23 per cent cut in the combined 1948 budget of 3 government departments and the federal courts was recom mended Monday by the house ap propriations committee The committee sent the 728008omnibus supply bill to the house floor with a sharp report warning all federal agencies against a spending psychology and making these recommenda tions for funds State Department a reduction of or 22 per cent below the presidents budget estimates but more than it had for the current year Commerce department 057000 a 33 per cent cut below the budget figure of and less than for 1947 Jusice Department a cut of about 27 per cent from budget estimates of and less than the 1947 total Federal Judiciary the a 20 per cent slash from budget estimates of 900 and below 1947 The bills total is below budget estimates but 948330 more than the combined agencies received this year The bill finances activities of the agencies for the fiscal year starting next July 1 It is sched uled for house consideration late this week In a lengthy report explaining its actions the committee suggest ed that the state department get out of the news business and criticizes the commerce depart ment for nursing business rather than aiding it It recommended 1 Abolition of the state depart ments warborn foreign cultural relations program which Secre tary of State Marshall had defend ed as an integral and essential part of the conduct of foreign re lations 2 Funds for the justice depart ments drive to recover claimed freight overcharges against the government during the wartime and for the antitrust divisions campaign against the big fish among monopolies 3 The full requested for the FBI by J Edgar Hoover who told the committee of in creasing crime and said commu nists have penetrated every field of activity in this country Personnel slashes were indicat ed but not specified for every agency The committee told the departments they should start cut ting down on employes before July 1 so terminal pay for released workers would not have to come out of the new funds While it flatly turned down Secretary Marshalls request for for the foreign cul tural relations program the com mittee approved for a similar undertaking in coopera tion with other American repub fhe is be low budget estimates for the South American program which has been in operation for some time Woman Killed While Learning to Drive Car Des Moines Claude Day 52 was killed Sunday when she lost control of her car as she was taking a driving lesson in the driveway of her home The car in low gear rambled across the alley and crashed into the rear of a house occupied by the H R Young family Day said he was teaching his wife to shift gears In driving the car from the front of the drive way to the alley he said her foot froze on the accelerator Day suffered cuts on the face and forehead knee and chest injuries The foundation and wall of the house and a bathtub inside the Young home were damaged but none of the family was hurt SAME lit meui Irfflc uU U M Mat U S Proposes Defense Pact With Panama Washington United States proposed to Panama Mon day a new agreement for defense of the canal providing for contin ued ues of military bases on ter ritory of the Republic of Panama The proposed agreement an nounced by the state department calls for a joint United States Panama administration of its terms Officials said that the ac tual administration of the bases themselves would be worked out in further negotiations with Pan ama The proposal was submitted by Ambassador Frank T Hines to Foreign Minister Richardo J Al faro of Panama Monday Discus sions for revising the 1942 defense agreement have been underway since last September Under the 1942 accord Panama made available to the United States in wartime 134 areas for use by U S armed forces to de fend the canal Of these 98 sites have been turned back to Panama Thirty six most of which comprise tech nical installations essential to safe air navigation still are in use by the United States A state department announce ment of the proposal said it gave recognition to the fact that re quirements of modern defense make necessary the use of certain areas outside the 10mile wide canal zone for the protection of the international waterway which is so vital to the interests of the United States Panama and the entire hemisphere The canal zone is U S terri tory Doctrine Was Big Factor in French Ouster Paris A member of the cabinet said Monday the Truman Doctrine had been an important factor in Premier Paul Ramadiers decision to force the communists out of the French government The communists were dropped from the coalition cabinet Sunday night after the government won a 360 to 186 vote of confidence over wagefreezing policies in the na tional esscmbly with the com munist members disenting This marked the first time France has had a government without the extreme left in it since the liberation except for the 30day Blum cabinet last Decem ber The cabinet member who asked that his apme not be used said Monday m felt the United States held the key to the success or fail ure of the experiment to govern with the labordominating com munists in opposition He ex pressed belief the United States by sending food and financial help to the Ramadier government could help contain discontent in the ranks of French workers The minister said there was a risk the communists out of the cabinet would use their power over 6000000 members of the C G T labor union federation to oppose government policies Fight to Save Lives of 14 Babies Stricken By Malady in Hospital Philadelphia UR Physicians fought Monday to save the lives of 14 survivors of an infant diarrhea epidemic which spread through the maternity section of an Allentown hospital killing 11 other infants v Officials of Temple university hospital where 13 of the 14 sur vivors are being treated said some of the infants still were In critical condition but refused to reveal the exact number Another child brought to Childrens hos pital here was reported recover ing from the malady A later hospital report said the babies showed general improve ment and that most now were in a fair condition The general picture had brightened the hos pital said Woman 45 Wounds Student Kills Self Ithaca N Y Cornell university student Lowell Hecht 28 remained in critical condition Monday with gunshot wounds which state police said were in flicted by a 45 year old woman who then shot and killed herself State Police Corp J E Ma loney said the shootings at Varna 4 miles east of Ithaca climaxed an argument during which Hecht tod Mrs Beatrice E Bpyce he intend ed to break off their friendship AP Wlrepholo VOICE WITH THE SMILE IS telephone operators were back at the switchboard of the New York Telephone company exchange Monday after terminating their strike which started April 7 COMPROMISE IN PALESTINE RIFT Expect Agreement on Jewish Participation New York fight over Jewish representation in the United Nations Palestine debate neared an end late Monday in a compromise solutionoffered by 5 Latin American and Slav delega tions Their joint proposal was re ported acceptable to the United States Russia and Britain The compromise was reached during a lunchhour recess when representatives of Y u g o slavia White Russia Argentina Chile and Uruguay combined their 5 similar resolutions into a single draft to break the stalemate The joint resolution provided that the Jewish agency for Pales tine would be given a hearing be fore the general assemblys 55 nation political committee and that the committee itself would decide whether any other organi zations including the Arab higher committee will be heard A member Of the Syrian delega tion indicated the Arabs would fight the proposal even though its approval seemed certain The Arab higher committee sent a letter to SecretaryGeneral Trygve Lie Monday morning de manding the right to be heard CHICAGO MILK SUPPLY CUT OFF Labor Dispute Stops Delivery to 4000000 Chicago labor dispute Monday shut off the milk supply of 4000000 persons in the metro politan Chicago area There were no milk deliveries to homes or stores Inside workers went on strike at a m at the Bowman and Dean Dairies Shortly thereafter the Associated Milk Dealers de clared the walkout against these 2 was a strike against the indus and shut down 73 other plants The strikers were mem bers of the AFL Dairy Employes union They sought a shorter work week for the same pay Besides affecting Chicago which normally consumes 1500000 quarts of milk a day the strike hit suburbs in a 50mile area By agreement with Mayor Mar tin H Kennelly union leaders and dairy owners said deliveries were being made to hospitals infirmar ies institutions and to military depots But at St Vincents or phanage 200 babies were without milk A spokesman said there was enough milk for the early feeding but there isnt a drop in the place now Thomas B Gilmore attorney for the milk dealers charged in a statement that the union was re sponsible for the walkout The dairies have at no time summarily dismissed the union or invited a strike Gilmore said Mason Cityan Charged With Federal Income Tax Evasion Simon N Fox Given Until May 26 to Enter Plea to Indictment Des Moincs N Fox Mason City Iowa shoe dealer charged with evading payment of federal taxes on nearly 575000 of income from 1941 to 1944 inclu s i v e appeared before Federal Judge Charles A Dewey Monday for arraignment He was given till May 26 to en ter a plea when his attorney Eskil Carlson Des Moincs told the OiiH it would be impossible to go over Foxs 4year income records in less than 30 days Judge Dewey took issue with the attorney on the question of ex tending the lime to plead Referring to Fox the court said He knows now whether he has lied about his income lax I would set his arraignment tor this week if the district attorney insisted on it According to a 4count indict ment Foxs return for the calen dar year of 1941 showed a loss of 514106 The government contends his net income for the year was For 1942 the indictment charges Fox reported a loss of The government says he actually made For 1943 Fox reported a net income of and paid a tax of The government contends his net income was 793 Likewise for 1944 the indict ment charges Foxs return showed a net of on which he paid tax The government says his jctual net income was Lawmakers Death Delays Aid Bill Talk Washington ff The start of historyshaping debate on the is sue of help to Greece and Turkey in combating communism was postponed by the house Monday because of the death of Rep Charles L Gerlach Pennsylvania republican Gerlach was a member of the foreign affairs committee which is In charge of the aid bill House leaders agreed to defer opening of debate until Tuesday and adjourn promptly Tuesday out of respect to Gerlach who died at his Allentown Pa home of heart attack Woman Leaps to Death in Niagara River Niagara Falls N Y unidentified blonde woman plunged 162 feet to her death from Terrapin Point Sunday in full view of sightseers gathered on Ihe American side of the famed horse shoe falls Coroner James W Heary said 2 youths told him they saw the woman climb a 3foot fence on the point and either leap or fall into the Niagara river Kids Profit by Parking Meters Webster City lollypop trade is going to be sorry when the new parking meters go into effect here Wednesday They have been a source of nice profit to the youngsters The meters were installed Saturday but because they will not be used officially until Wednesday the coin boxes were left unlocked Unsuspecting visitors to the city however started dropping nickels into them Quickwitted youngsters always ready to swap a penny for nickel soon learned that by inserting a penny in a meter the nickel previous ly inserted would drop into the unlocked coin box BRITISH HUNT JEWS AND ARABS 227 Are Liberated From Palestine Prison Acre Palestine fi Mounted troops of the Transjordan frontier force joined British airborne units Monday in scouring northern Pal estine for 227 Jews and Arabs lib erated from Acre prison Sunday in a mass delivery engineered by the Jewish underground The hunt was reported center ing in the mountains around the ancient Jewish town of Safari northwest of by coincidence are buried the bodies of 4 Jewish extremists whose exe cution 1 weeks ago signalized a new reign of violence in the Holy Land Available figures onthe casual lies which resulted from the prison delivery and attendant gunfire varied but unofficial information indicated that 1G ing members of the underground band which blasted a 2yard hole in the wall of the ancient citadel had been killed A total of 251 of the 555 inmates of the old graywalled prison north of Haifa participated in the dash for freedom Ten cither prison ers or members of the attacking underground in he break described as one of the biggest mass deliveries of modern times Five other killed in another out break of violence near Haifa making the weekend the bloodies the Holy Land has known in many weeks British authorities listed 80 Jews serving sentences as terrorists among those who escaped from the old graywalled prison north of Haifa housed a total o 555 inmates at the time of the break Forty other Jews and 13 Arabs were among the fugitives Sixteen of the prisoners were captured a short time after their escape and 7 of the attackers also were taken prisoners EXPECT NATURAL GAS SHORTAGE Washington natura gas shortage next winter will be as prolonged and severe as it was last year the federal power com mission predicted Monday on the basis of a nationwide survey The commission said a shortage of steel ipe has created a bottle neck in the gas supply It has been deluged with applications from natural gas pipeline com panies for permission to cxpant existing facilities But the lack of steel for pipe lines will continue to hold up construction for many months the commission said The coming shortage of natura gas will extend from the Rock Mountain states to New York state the survey indicated Cities in Nebraska Iowa Min nesota and South Dakota served by the Northern Natural Gai company can expect restriction on home and industrial heating to continue during the next winter the FPC said The company hopes to increase its gas deliveries by about 65000 feet a day Restrictions for the company will be drawn up in Chicago next week StassenSays Aid Policy Is Negative Type Washington Harold E Stasscn although saying he fav irs the GreekTurkish aid program declared Monday it vould be a tragic mistake for he United States to arm an all out offensive against guerrilla ipponents of the present Greek iovernment At a news conference where he discussed the program the former Minnesota eovernor also termed he general doctrine back of Presi dent Trumans policy a negative one He said he endorses the aid pro jram in the form approved by the senate but he hopes that military expenditures will not be such as to bring about a full scale civil war in Greece Instead Stasscn said the United Slates should concentrate on at cmpting to build a stable and irosperous regime in the valleys of Greece which by its very pros perity would weaken the appeal of communism to the mountain Ducrrillas A reporter asked Stassen if he opposes the global implications of President Trumans proposal to support free peoples wherever they are threatened from within and from without by communism I recognize the futility of a negative policy of simply being against something Stasscn re plied It is imperative that Amer ca adopt a positive constructive approach to the economic and political problems of the peoples of the world Then you consider the Truman doctrine a negative one a re porter asked Yes Stasscn replied On military aid for Greece Stas sen had this to say We should not finance arm or advise an allout military offen sive against the Greeks in the mountains opposition to the government If we do that it will involve a tragic ineffective and unsuccessful spilling of the blood of Greek versus Greek in an at tempt by military means to settle the form of government and the economy inside Greece Stasscn an avowed candidate for the 1948 republican presiden tial nomination met with report ers after releasing over week end the transcript of an interview he had April 9 with soviet Premier Stalin The Russian leader was quoted as saying among other things that the U S S R wants to co operate Omaha Phone Strikers Stick to Pay Hike Omaha secret ballot 350 telephone strikers here have voted to stick by the demand for the acrosstheboard raise asked of the Northwestern Bell Telephone company The vote union officials said amounted to rejection of the com pany offer of a sliding scale raise ranging from to weekly Officers of the Northwestern Union of Telephone Workers said a few members returned to work Monday following the vote Sunday Picket lines Monday were strengthened Marion Gross Nebraska NUTW president said union members here now are waiting to see what happens in St Paul Minn where another conference between Northwestern management and union representatives was sched uled Monday Weatker Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and continued cool Monday night and Tuesday with showers and thunderstorms Monday night and early Tues day Low Monday night near 40 Iowa Mostly cloudy and contin ued cool Monday night and Tuesday Showers and occasion al thunderstorms west Monday night and in east Tuesday Low Monday night 4043 High Tues day near 60 Minnesota Mostly cloudy and continued cool Monday night and Tuesday Showers south west portion Monday night and in southeast portion Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 58 Minimum 33 At 8 a m Monday 48 YEAR AGO Maximum 57 Minimum 38 GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 78 Minimum 46 At 8 a m Sunday 53 YEAR AGO Maximum 57 Minimum 43 MEMBERS OF 4 NY UNIONS GO BACK TO WORK 37000 Workers Cross Picket Lines After Settlement of Hike Washington of 4 independent unions crossed picket lines and returned to work Monday in New York the first major break in the 29dayold na tionwide telephone strike The New York Telephone com pany reported local manual tele phone service returned to normal The 37000 members of the 4 un ions settled with the company Sunday for a weekly increase Long distance service still was curtailed however as long lines operators continued their strike Approximately 19000 workers in all continued the strike in New York The 4 New York independent unions which settled are not af filiated with the National Federa tion of Telephone Workers Ind however they struck on the same date as the NFTW the key organ ization in the walkout Leaders of the United Telephone Workers representing 12000 re pair men and the Traffic Em ployers association composed of 18000 operators ordered their members to cross picket lines of the National Federation of Tele phono Workers and return to work Monday Previously the 7000 members of 2 other striking unions the Telephone Employes organization and the Union of Telephone Work ers had been ordered to return to their jobs Monday A S4 weekly increase also was the basis for a settlement at Chi cago reached between 2 unions and the Illinois Bell Telephone company But the 2 unions which t h e Federation of Telephone Workers to respect picket lines of the union continu ing the Illinois Tele phone Traffic union In North Carolina the strike ended in at least 5 towns Mem bers of the Southern Federation of Telephone Workers returned to work at 8 a m pending further negotiations Gov Gregg Cherry had asked the telephone company to employ replacements if the strike was not ended Monday The strikers said their decision had nothing to do with Cherrys ulti matum The government meanwhile stepped up its efforts for a general settlement of the strike Government conciliators in the longlines dispute scheduled an other round of talks after narrow ing to per week the money difference between union and management The governments latest com promise proposal providing a boost of a week was ac cepted by the longlines union but rejected by the American Tele phone Telegraph company The company had previously offered a top of Despite A T Ts rejection of their new plan federal concilia tors Peter j Manno and William J Margolis said the parties were finally off dead center and a speedy settlement shoud be in the making Government conciliators in Washington concentrated on the long lines dispute confident it held the key to a nationwide set tlement The government formula was based on a 5450 average weekly wage boost plus 64 cents in fringe proposals The fringes include additional vacation time pensoins and special classification differentials Packinghouse Workers Head Seeks 30 Hour Week on 40 Hours Pay Cleveland h e president of the ClOUnited Packinghouse Workers of America called Mon day for eventual establishment of the 30hour week in the packing industry on a 40hour pay rate In an address before some 400 dele gates representing 200000 packinghouse workers in the United States and Canada the unions president Ralph Helstein declared We are increasingly mindful of the accident and health hazards in packing which makes the 30 hours a reasonable work week for men and women working in the industry This was also necessary he said because the trend toward a lower volume of employment re sults to a great extent from in creased manhour output In 1865 the U S congress au thorized the coining 3cerlt pieces ;