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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, May 05, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 5, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Of HISTORY AND ARCH I IA THt NEWSPAPER THAT VOL U Press and Umtea Press Full Leased Hve CenU Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MAY 5 1945 MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HO 171 AUSTRIAN DEFENDERS QUIT IV I Bfe A AB A INSIDE San Francisco EDITORS is the 6th in a series of articles about the San Francisco world security conference written specially for the GlobeGazette by the Rev John D Clinton of the First Methodist church of Iowa Falls By JOHN D CLINTON San angels at Philadelphia werent perfect in 1787 George Washington had all 55 of our first congress together for4 hot months and by Sept17 the constitution was ready Where that many men could have backed their chief the record shows thai only 39 signed which is evident that the angels lacked a little of perfect cooperation with a rath er sacrificial chief Well out here in California a euess on the length of time of the being together to get peace set up is g weeks Somebody is a little afraid some one may have a little difficulty Thats possible There are a lot of pure white affairs floating around like doves of peace these military police in their white enamelled helmets I told a couple of them one from Georgia and one from California that it looked good to see their brightness instead of weird cam ouflage and their faces bright in stead of smeared so they eoujd not be detected We all agreed that American youth thus serving the world was to be permanently desired The women Red Cross workers in slick uniforms look pretty good also They arent helping injured People The crowd is so healthy the ambulance drivers by the au ditorium are asleep most of the time I passed one good looking girl and found that her job that day was to carry devilled eggs for the Swedish menu being served at the delegates loach that day She I did set some honor thoneb for they let ine so up on 4th floor to Mr Stettinius office and I saw all the pens which didnt mean that the secretary of state was goinghogproduction in Iowa These pens were the spe cial set all arranged so that when the peace signing starts each country ivill have her own pen Of course there is a little heaven in sight all the time for one of the countries beginning with the letter I is India there in the center of the alphabetical Hag line And the new India flag com bines the field of the mother country England with a seal in the center of the flag bearing the new motto Heavens Light Our And while the policemen strut and the Red Cross workers are in uniform the men of the press keep pressing on A pressed meat sandwich service isnt so bad Kpwever for across a room next the press room is a new sign San Francisco Your Host At this bar is served free sand wiches cokes doughnuts coffee and milk to every visiting press man This kind of courtesy started as m east as North Plafte Nebr where Mrs Adam Christ the wife of a railroad man has ran a can teen which averages 3000 sand wiches a day for service men the day before our train stopped the official press train had gone through and when Mrs Christ found that several of us expected to write a little for our country she rewarded us with full rations The printing press of the gov ernment has done well on that new stamp A million stamps were gone on opening day The only other press I can think of is the press of trans portation A surprisingly large number of colored women are doing a great job as conductors of street cars One jolly woman Handled her crowded car with a grouchy one every so often in remarkable fashion A rather dig nifed appearing lady got on She lost her balance as the car jerked to a start and the colored con ductor was her only haven She threw her arms around her Negro neighbor saved herself from a fall gave us a great example in race friendship and we all rode out the storm in a gale of laughter Submarine Swordfish Overdue on Patrol Washington The tJ S submarine Swordfish is overdue on patrol and presumed lost the navy has announced The 1450ton Swordfish is the 43rd submarine and 297th U S naval vessel lost in the war Skipper of the undersea craft was Cmdr Keats E Montross 33 Saginaw Mich Next of kin of officers and crew all listed as missing have been informed 6293 STRIKE JAP HOME LAND WITH 3 RAIDS Hit Suicide Plane Bases in Retaliation for 5 Sunken Ships Guam American Super fortresses struck their first triple blow at the Japanese home land Saturday concentrating 2 of the attacks on the enemy suicide plane bases The S raids coming within a pe riod of 12 hours were carried out by separate fleets of the bombers from Marianas bases of the 21st bomber command Two of the Satur day morning and another late Sat urday against the airfields of Kyushu southernmost of the home islands and key base for Japanese suicide planes which helped to sink 5 more light U S surface ships at Okinawa Oita and Tachiari airfields on northern Kyushu were hit in the morning raid by about 25 to 50 Superfortresses while the targets in the afternoon were Chiran Ibusuki and Kanoya airfields in the southern part of the island Another fleet of 150 to 200 B29s attacked the Hiro aircraft factory 5 miles east of the great Kure naval base on southern Hon shu shortly before noon The plant produces engines and frames for naval aircraft The American fleet units were sunk in a joint attack by Japanese suicide planes and boats Friday shortly after approximately 600 enemytroops attempted 4 amphi bious landings on Okinawa in a futileeffort to cut behindthe American10th army Afront dispatch said that more than half of the Japanese landing forces were wiped out while they waded through the shallow water on the east and west coasts Admiral Chester W Nimitz said the landing attempt on the east coast above Yonabaru was com pletely repulsed and the Japanese who got ashore on the west coast 3 points north of Naha were im mediately pocketed and were bb ing destroyed The futile attempt to turn the tide of battle at Okinawa was costly to the Japanese At least 175 enemy planes were destroyed or damaged around Okinawa and through the Ryukyus and 15 sui cide boats were sunk la addition more than 300 Japa nese bodies were counted floating in the water at the 4 landing points on Okinawa Two of the motorized whaleboats which the Japanese used for landing craft were sunk off the east coast In the vicious suicide attack at Okinawa where a number of other American surface ships were damaged beside those sunk a U S destroyer shot down one Baka bomb a rocketpropelled projectile carrying a pilot A Japanese Dome dispatch broadcast by Tokyo radio re ported that the suicide forces sank 2 American battleships 2 cruisers and 1 destroyer and damaged at least oO other warships including aircraft carriers Thursday and Friday Domet quoting the newspaper Domiuri Hochi also reported that a powerful American convoy from Leyte and Luzon in the Philip pines began landing troops on Okinawa from a large number of 500ton landing craft American aerial forces on Okin awa have been increased notice ably Domei said describing the reported operations as an Ameri can attempt to decide in a single stroke1 the campaign on the is land Nimitz announced however that there was virtually no change in the position of the 10th army line stretched across southern Okinawa just north of Naha and Yonabaru PLYMOUTH NINE TOPS 6RAFTON In the first game of the section al baseball tournament Saturday morning Plymouth defeated Graf ton 8 to 7 Plymouth brought in 8 runs for 6 hits while Graf ton scored 7 for 4 hits Batteries for the 2 teams were Huebner and Hacbort for Ply mouth and Nelson Pike and Sut ton for Gratton Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobcGaicttc carrier boy Official Says Hitlers Body Well Hidden London Hitlers body has been hidden so well that it never will be found Nazi Prop ogandist Hans Fritsche his Russian captors Saturday Hadio Moscow said Fritsche deputy German propaganda minis ter taken prisoner in Berlin as sertedthat the fuehrers corpse had been concealed in an undis coverable place Neither Hitlers body nor that of Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels has been found in Ber lin Moscow said Bed anoy troops who attempted to search the ruined reichscbancellery in Ber lin were beaten back by raging fires But two other prize nazis have fallen into American hands Dr Wilhelm Frick German minister without portfolio reichs protector of Bohemia and Mo ravia and Heinrich Himmlers predecessor as interior minister Max Amann deputy to Himm ler chief of the nazi party pub lishing department and publisher of Mein Kampf Frick 68 probably the highest nazi party and German govern ment official yet imprisoned by the allies was captured Wednes day at his Bavarian country estate by pure luck a dispatch from the 6th army group revealed Lt Col John N Hutchison of Long Beach Cal of the 6th army group press camp had gone to Pricks luxurious home in search of a location for a press camp without realizing the identity of the minister Both Frick dressed as a Bavar ian country squire and his wife received the colonel They made no fuss when I told them I was seckjnr billets and were very calm all the time I talked with them Hutchison said Deciding that thehouse would not be suitable Hutchison left in the company of a local hotelkeep er The hotelkeeper puzzled by Hutchisons failure to arrest Frick asked him if he knew the identity of his erstwhile host Dont you know that was the former minister of interior Dr Frick the hoieikecper asked I then gathered Frick was a bigshot who had better be looked after the colonel said I reported him to a nearby military govern ment detachment and later I heard they had picked up Frick Amann was captured by the American 7th army not far from Hitters home at Berchtesgaden a BBC broadcast said The London Daily Express said Saturday that latest unconfirmed and unofficial reports were that Hitler Goebbels Himmler Reichs marshal Herman Goering nazi party chief Martin Bormann and other nazi bigwigs may be on their way to Japan by Uboat Clark Warns Patriots to Stop Interference With Nazi Surrenders Rome patriots in north Italy had a sharp warning Saturday from Gen Mark W Clark to stop interfering with the German surrender by attacks on enemy troops Clarks order broadcast by the Milan radio told the patriots flat ly they would undo whatever good they had done it their reprisals against Germans continued It was the 2nd such warning the American commander had given the guerrilla forces Clarks order said bluntly fauch behavior diminishes the value of your cooperation to vic tors by behaving as guer rillas you nullify the prestige you have won I hereby command all patriot leaders to take all necessary steps to prevent any further outbreaks of this lawlessness Clark said The German officers who met with Clark Friday to ask for in structions on surrendering their army made a big point of the guerrilla attacks Gen Von Senger und Ettcrlin said Italian forces still were harrassing the Germans m isolated mountain regions of the north Big 4 Powers Agree on MOLOTOV WAITS FOR APPROVAL Agreement May Shorten Conference Decisions San Francisco ff Foreign Commissar Molotov was believed seeking instructions from Premier Stalin Saturday on 2 key changes in the Dumbarton Oaks world se curity plan With these 2 exceptions on provisions for reviewing interna iionaJ relations and fitting region al defense arrangements info the proposed world security council the United States Russia China and Britain were reported In full accord on 15 or 20 amendments to the Dumbarton plan This plan was worked out In Big 4 meetings at Washington last year as the basis for a world peacekeeping organization Molotov was reported to have agreed in principle to the review and regional security proposals but asked 24 hours from Friday night to reach a final decision American officials elated over this degree of Big4 unity hoped that full Russian concurrence would be forthcoming before mid night If it is iiot Russia may have alternative points lo submit to the united nations conference Secretary of State Stettinius called a news conference for Sat urday to explain what the whole set of proposals is about and how as the sponsors claim they would strengthen and give flexibility to the proposed world organization world organization authority fo review any situation arising any where in the world which might bring about a war This is broader than the original proposal by Sen ator Vandenberg R MCri member of the United States dele gation who asked only for pow er to review treaties Molotov agreed in principle with this proposition hut was unable to go alongwith the other three immediately on the exact formula ny which it would be put into the Dumbarton Oaks charter The United States Britain and China also reached an accord on such regional defense arrange ments as Russias mutual assist ance pact with France and the in terAmerican defense system set up at Mexico City early this year The proposal is that eventually all these should be brought under the security council which presum ably could authorize automatic emergency defense action on a regional basis Again Molotov accepted the principle but again asked for time Jo consider the specific amend ment The hour request led to the general assumption that he wanted to refer both propositions lo Moscow for advice just as Sec retary Stettinius frequently con sults President Truman by tele phone Reds Arrest 16 Polish Leaders San Francisco 01 State Stettinius announced Saturday that he has asked Rus sia for a full explanation of the arrest of democratic Polish lead ers and said further discussion of await a reply Sfettinius said that Soviet For eign Commissar Russian action most serious Presumably Stettinius meant that further negotiations on ful Patton Cleaning Up Slovakia Resistance Await Norwegian Move Paris AP all resistance to Gen Eisenhowers forces ended Saturday and Gen Patterns 3rd army smashed into Czechoslovakia in a knockout offensive against the last German troops still fighting the western allies in the south An estimated 200000 to 400000 troops of the German army group defending Austria surrendered unconditionally to Uen Jacob L Devers Saturday The 2nd mass German surrender in 2 days collapsed re sistance to the American and British forces on the continent except for Norway Czechoslovakia and some coastal pockets delmans in Czechoslovakia eastern Austria and the Dresden area of Germany German Ships were fighting Open Fire On Copenhagen Copenhagen war ships in Copenhagens harbor opened fire with machine guns antiaircraft guns and cannon on several sectors of the city Satur day and sporadic clashes broke out when Danish patriots sought to disarm the nazis The German cruisers Prinz Eugen and Nuernberg resisted the patriots efforts to disarm sailors aboard the ships and many per sons were killed or wounded At least 20 more persons were killed in the night throughout the city when he patriots entered German barracks to disarm the Germans and in clashes Danish nazis in the streets with German officials in the tele phone and telegraph offices threatened to blow up the build ing Saturday morning But the ideawiK1abandoned when Danish personnel walked out disrupting service for a lew hours On the whole the German troops appeared to have with drawn to their barracks in ac cordance with the terms of cap itulation Friday to Marshal Mont gomery but thearrival of allied troops was eagerly waited as a quieting factor Werner Best German minister in Denmark placed himself in the custody of the Danish freedom council j iKJtit irom me now captui Members of the Japanese dipi shal Karl von Rundstedt lomatic staff from Berlin who j reached Copenhagen several days ago wore arrested by the patriots and interned The notorious Dagmarhus on o Raadhuspladsen German head Six thousand members of the red army A British statement termed the greeted by great crowds of Danes News of the surrender of Ger ii iitguuuuwns on 1UJ the Crimea agreement to man forces In Denmark to Mar broadening the sovietsponsored shL Montgomftry was creeled Warsaw government have been Friday night after stalled until the Russians explain 5 years under the German yoke tho arrpst v nj er vat ons 1 K the big he arrest Stettinius said he and Eden told Molotovof their great concern on learning after such a long de CAPTURE FRICK With the U S 7th Army Wilhdlm Prick former nazi pro tector of Bohemia and Moravia an early follower of Hitler was captured by the 7th army 3 days ago on a country estate in the Munich area ARRIVES IJf MOSCOW Moscow Winston Churchill wife of Britains prime minister arrived here Saturday y train from Kursk on her tour of inspection of Red Cross facilities im the soviet union 1 cure peace The Big4 ff n i complete accord on all other amendments which they will jointly sponsor in the conference Chief among these are Inclusion in the Dumbarton Oaks charter of the four freedoms of the Atlantic charter protection of human rights and development of international law as objectives of tho international organization A declaration that justice must i auuu a mng ae me occupation was sovict rc5 hls develop reported to have designated form ee r which h three reached unit mcnt which has a direct bearing on the working out of the Polish problem At the end of March the Polish exile government in London re ported disappearance of 15 Poles from Warsaxv and former Pre mier Vicenty Witos from his home near Krakow King Christian X the 74 year old monarch who stiffly insisted upon Danish independence throughout the occupation er Premier Orla Buhl to organize a new government to lead Den mark into the united nations family Buhls new government may take office some time Saturday When London broadcasts Friday night announced that at last Den mark was free crowds swarmed sians In the last 2 major islands of German resistance Czechoslovak sources in London reported that a patriot uprising had liberated Prague and a nazi source said the commander of occupation forces in Norway had decided to surrender with an announcement of capitulation expected at any time Supreme headquarters in Paris announced the unconditional sur render of the German army group 1st and 19th Devers commander of the U S 6th army group It obliterated nazi resistance from the Czechoslovak border area north of Linz south westward to the Swiss The first announcement at SHAEF said the surrender em braced the entire front southwest ward from the Chemnitz area of Germany including that before the U S 3rd army now fighting in Czechoslovakia Supreme headquarters first an nounced that German troops in Austria and Czechoslovakia the 1st 7th and 19th sur rendered Then SHAEF corrected the an nouncement to eliminate the i 7th German one In Czecho the list of those surrendering United Press War Correspondent Jack Fleischer reported that the surrender of the 1st and 19th Ger man armies was negotiated at a U S 6th army group post out side Munich A delegation of 14 German officers surrendered on the authority and order of Mar shal Albert Kesselring who took over command of the western front from the now captured Mar Devers and 6 other American generals accepted the surrender It wns effective at noon Sunday but it was announced by radio that hostilities were to cease im mediately it Gen Hermann Foertsch commander of the German 1st army headed the delegation rep resenting the broken bewildered fragments of the enemy army sroup The surrender covered all of army group G commanded by Lt Gen F r i e d r i c h Wilhelm The surrender provided that if Kesselring or any of his head quarters staff found within the area they would become prisoners On the U S 3rd army front the Germans llth panzer division surrendered en masse to the 90th American division The capitula tion put 12000 German soldiers 1000 vehicles and about 20 tanks in American hands Gen Dwight D Eisenhower said in a statement issued at SHAEF that Saturday has seen the steady continuation of German demoralization and disintegration on the western front He said confusion was so rife in the ranks of the surrendering ore montr h been VfchU C havc Slows marched toward i not give any accurate estimate of soviet govern the palace square and would not i the German strength but believed ment about the report that a numdisnerse until ihn J5l tlVB had C0me out atld Biven Provision for the member na dishorwegiar The Prague radio left the air at loua Fair Saturday night Warm in west portion Sunday Part diiputes which the big nations Since the Dumbarton Oaks plan would have in the security council To compose their joint amend ments the Bie4 foreign ministers Stettinius Eden and intensively for Z days Their final session broke up jnst before Friday midnight deadline for filing amendments with the conference secretariat Here is what this diplomact Is reported by one authority to have accomplished The United States Britain and China agreed on an amendment which would give the proposed Muniijaii ivu wutva Ulail has no trusteeship provision the midnight deadline for filing amendments had no bearing on this matter EXECUTE Z TRAITORS Paris Henri Rottee former Vichy detective chief and Fernand David who was chief of a special police brigade were ex ecuted Saturday They were con victed last month of torturing and killing members of the French re sistance movement the consultations with representa tives of the Warsaw provisional government and with Polish dem ocratic political leaders from within Poland and from abroad we have asked Mr Molotov for a complete list of the names ot these Polish political leaders who have been arrested and a full explana tion ot this action Farther dis cussions must await a reply Buy your Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Iy cloudy and continued mild Minnesota Clear to partly cloudy Saturday and Sunday Little change in temperature Satur day cooler northwest and north central portions Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Friday Minimum Friday At 8 a m Saturday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation Snowfall 60 35 45 37 29 28 I5i inches p m a m CWT aft er appealing thrice for Czech sol diers and police to hurry to the radio building We need help the broadcast said a hint that Czechoslovak patriots might be attempting to the station A few seconds later the station returned lo the air with music Prague already has been declared a hospital city by the Germans an indication It will surren dered to whichever allied reaches it Grand Adm Karl Doenitz new fuehrer of Germany was believed to have fled Denmark for Nor way to set up an exile govern ;