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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, May 03, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 3, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITEDFOR THE HOME or HISTORY ASO ARCHIVES OES KOINES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS YOU U AasocUUd pros and United Full Leased Wiiei Five ccnU a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY MAY 3ISM This Paper Consists of Two NO 177 NAZIS SURRENDER HAMBURG Russians Search Fallen Berlin for Body of Adolf Hitler Resistance in Northern Pocket East of Kiel Collapses INSIDE San Francisco EDITORS Is the 4th In a series at articles written about the San Francisco world se curity conference written special ly for the GlobeGazette by the Rev John D Clinton of the First Methodist church oj Iowa Falls By JOHN D CLINTON San you heard the cheer last Wednesday when the conference began at San Fran cisco it was that applause out side he auditorium when the Russian delegation began arriv ing for it could be heard much farther than across the street a lot of Mr and Mrs John Public stood cheering as well as the thousands of more fcrtunates around the front gate Aad why rsot cheer Just north at Fairbanks Alaska in ihe next block lives about the finest kind of neighbor folks we would wani Of course their interests may be a little different but so were those of Virginia and New York when the union was formed Many said they just never would unite as neighbors So today do people say that Russians are different But they said that back in 1892 when famine struck their land and we thought of sending corn from Iowa Theyll throw the corn in the ocean burn the ships and send the crews to Siberia was as common chatter then as aboutUncle Joe Stalm not yield ing anything now As Commissar Molotov walked In amid cheers Wednesday when it was firmly stated that his boss wouldnt send him alittle while ago point No 1 was made in the neighboring business Poland will be discussed She and all ot Eu rope must need the union lesson States in Europe when it comes will have a few Virginias and New Yorks But all the drag ons Columbus was supposed to see away back when never did show up when he pioneered in western travel And its quite li able to work that way now after all the words have been said Words about the neighbors the other side of the fence are funny until we know the neighbors There will be many words in Cali fornia these weeks In the train in which we travelled that way we had 16 coaches of people and by the time we rot to Ogden Utah had 8 cars full of mail just piles of wordsTlocked up by the car load BIG people in the cars yet a 3rd of our great Limited was Just words Words have to be made flesh and thats what a conference does Some had wished that the con ference begin with words of pray er As Mr Steitmiusarose for the opening he called for moments of silent meditation He did well The words came from each heart and Friend Molotov from across the block north didnt have to ask what his interpreter by his side thought was being said Each man woman in the 4000 folks was made a part of the conference at the first momentf He who finished his meditation first might have been conscious of a hiss in the room That was just countless movie cam eras in the humming accompaniment to the meditation as a contracted piece of lighting equipment the contract being for 532000 shot light into every corner As the session ended and the light man came into the auditorium and called up on those hlgrh light tow Reds British Join Along 60Mile Front Stalin announced the collapse of Ger man resistance in the entire northern German pocket east of Kiel in an order of the day Thursday that reported a Russian British juncture along a 60mile front ftorn the Baltic to Wittenberge Meanwhile victorious red army troops searched the rub blfe of captured Berlin for the bodies of Adolf Hitler and his crippled henchman Paul Joseph Goebbels On the success of their hunt hinged the solution to the greatest mystery of the Hitler and Goebbels actually were dead and if so whether they committed sui cide were killed by shells or died of natural causes The Soviets also may find among the dedd and 70000 prisoners in Berlin such person ages as Reichsmarshal Hermann Goering Joachim von Bibbentrop ousted only Wednesday as Ger man foreign minister Martin Borrnann chief of the nazi party and other leading nazis Berlin fell at 3 p m to troops ot the 1st White Russian and 1st Ukrainian armies Premier Mar shal Statin announced in an order of the day He disclosed also that Bussian forces had destroyed the German 9th army trapped south east of Berlin killing 60900 men and capturing 120900 and bad overrun the last of Germanys big Baltic ports Rostock and Warne In Moscow the fall Berlin was celebrated1 with an official salute ot 24 salvoes from 324 cannon The longawaited victory was hailed by Russians in the arid dis patches said belief was evident everywhere in the capital that the end ol the war could be expected at any time The victorious Russian armies headed by Marshals G KZhukov and Ivan S Konev entered Ber lin on April 21 after jumping across the Oder They swarmed info the 341 square mile city al ready battered from American and British air raids and laid it low in 12 days of some of the bitterest street fighting in history It was not known how many of the German capitals peacetime population of 1335000 persons re mained in the city at the time of its fall streets with dancing shoutin general Moscow ers Already men kill Snp The collapse of Berlin symbol of German power came two years and three months after the tide of battle was turned at Stalingrad And Russian troops who swarmed over the German capital found that most of the citys monumen tal buildings were largely de stroyed from 77000 tons of bombs rained on it in 301 American and British air assaults It was not the fjrst time Berlin had fallen to a foe It was plund ered in 1757 by 4000 cavalrymen and in 1760 the Russians took the city from Frederic theGreat after a stiff battle In 1806 it was oc cupied by the French after Na poleon defeated the Germans at Jena The Russians announced only a few details of Wednesdays col lapse but during the siege both the Russians and Germans had told of fierce fighting raging through the city across house tops and through subway tunnels The fall of Berlin came as other soviet armies to the south were swinging westward through Czechoslovakia towards and the western allies in 109000 U S Casualties in Italian Fight Washington conquest of Italy cost the United States more than 109000 combat casual ties Secretary of War Henry L Stimson disclosed Thursday Stimson told his press confer ence that the US 5th army had suffered 109163 casualties from trie start of the Italian campaign to April28 By April 28 the Germans in Italyhad been sent into the headlong rout which culminated in their unconditional su rrender Wednesday Of the Sths losses 2157 were listed askilled 77248 wounded and 10338 missing Meanwhile total U S combat casualties in all theaters official ly reported here approached within less than 50000 of an even 1000000 The overall figure was 950472 including 848089 army and 102 383 navy marine corps and coast guard casualties This represented a jump ot 21099 from the total of a week ago Of the army wounded 275467 have returned to duty Of sol diers taken prisoner 9974 have been officially listed as exchanged or returned to U S military con trol To stress the bitterness ot the Italian campaign Stimson said that at Salerno from Sept 9 to Sept 20 the 36th division alone VON RUNDSTEDTA 7th army military policemen guard Field Marshal Karl Gerd von Rundstedt former supreme German westernfront com mander his son Lt Hans G von Kundstedt and a medical attendant after then capture in Bavaria AP Kayenay engraving Say Negotiatibns for Surrender Under Way lost 267 killed 679 wounded and 884 missing For Complete Devotion1 Cincinnati In France Pfc William G Rosenfeldt of Cincinnati pulled a grenade from his pocket Somehow the pin came out There was no place to throw buddies were all around So he pressed it into the earth The blast tore olf his hand The award of the silver star read For complete devotion to his men CLOSED TO CELEBRATE Colorado Springs Colo Merton B Bobbins meant it sev eral months ago when he an nounced he would close his store for Hitters funeral The store didnt open Wednesday We might as well get him bur ied he said CHURCHILL MAY BE IN GERMANY Expect Norway to Capitulate Soon London for the capitulation ot Germany were believed in some quarters to be under way Thursday There was widespread specula tion in London that Prime Minis ter Churchill may have gone to Germany on a mission to negoti ate for the end of the war in Eu rope The speculation embraced the possibility that Gen Dwigh p Eisenhower might be in a similar task Uoeether with British and Russian mi political leaders The unconditional surrender of all German forces in Holland Denmark Norway and Czecho slovakia was reported under ne gotiation and possibly in some cases already concluded Churchill was absent from the house of commons Thursday Sir John Anderson speaking for him told the house that should the war end on Saturday or Sunday there would be a general holiday Mon day Churchills ndicated the Danes controlled their own country again Reports from the United States said the Germans isolated in northwestern Holland were ready to give up The allies already were moving foodstuffs into Holland The Paris radio said that the foreign minister of Major Vidkun Quislings puppet government of Norway had arrived in Copenhag en to discuss the surrender of perhaps 250000 German troops in Norway A broadcast by the Hamburg radio in the last hours it was con trolled by the nazis indicated that surrender arrangements for the Czechoslovak redoubt a r o u n Prague were in progress A broadcast decree by Hamburg purported to declare Prague a hospital an ether with open city llot to be defended u ulitary and 5353 negotiations for the reor Reveal Veto of Farmer Draft Bill Buy jour War Bonds and Stamps fromjour GlobeGazette carrier boy pose Molotovs body guard had walked into the room all 3 cars of them But they didnt for it was the word that meant the lights were through for the ses sion Words can help a lot in winning the war and working with the neighbors How are your words getting along They are doing in San Francisco Portugal Declares Mourning for Hitler Lisbon official 2day period of mourning for Adolf Hit ler began in Portugal Thursday The government decreed the mourning period Wednesday and ordered all flags on official buildings to be lowered to half mast Prague a drive to shred another developing Pocket of nazi resistance The second White Russian push along the Baltic coast placed soviet forces but 29 miles from the British who captured the Baltic ports of Luebeck and Wis ar Wednesday North of Berlin only a twisting virtually indefensible strip of the Mecklenburg plain remained to the Germans A wide and solid linkup of the eastern and western allies all the way north to the Baltic sea ap peared imminent Stalins order announcing the fall of Berlin said the commander of the city was an artillery gen eral named Webling who was captured along with Dr Hans Fritsche Goebbels chief deputy who told the Bussians Hitler and Goebbels had committed suicide Bur ronr War Bonds and SUmps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from four GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Thursday through Friday Light frost and cooler Thursday night with low est about 32 Warmer Friday Iowa Fair Thursday night and Friday Light frost and cooler Thursday night with near freez ing temperature in north Warmer Friday Minnesota Fair Thursday night and Friday Frost or freezing temperature Thursday night in north and west portion Warm er Friday except near Lake Su perior IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Wednesday 43 Minimum Wednesday 34 At 8 a m Thursday 40 Precipitation 18 inches YEAR AGO Maximum 66 Minimum 53 Precipitation 137 absence together neg ganization of political conditions with continental reports ot sur render negotiations created a feel ing in diplomatic and political quarters here that the hour of vic tory probably was near Churchills latest public ap pearance here was Wednesday evening Then he announced in commons the fall of north Italy He sent word that he could not i attend Thursdays session a high ly unusual procedure The house of cards that Adolf Hiller built around Germany by seizing his neighboring countries was tumbling down Already Ihe southern ramparts had crumbled with the surrender of north Italy and western Austria Following hard on the nazi an nouncement of Adolf Hitlers death and the fall of Hamburg the new fuehrer Admiral Karl Doenitz apparently was wander ing the northland in search of a new refugeThe press association said it was fairly certain that he was in Denmark or perhaps had even gone on to Norway Reliable informants said the capitulation of German forces in Denmark was arranged tentative ly some time ago The country was cut off by the British push to the Baltic Collapsed nazi censorship in the protectorate of Bohemia Moravia had begun Only a few days ago the Ger man radio said the loss of Prague noiufallen mean the Toss of Europe A German diplomat in Zurich told the Exchange Telegraph agency that Doenitz had dismissed the entire nazi cabinet which served Adolf Hitler and was ap pointing as new ministers only those menwhom he believed would have the confidence of the allies Only the appointment of Count Ludwig Schwerin Von Krosigk as foreign minister to succeed Joa chim Von Ribbentrop has been announced The Exchange Tele graph dispatch said the remainder of the list would be published soon Where Doemtz has set up his P President Trumans veto of legislation to lib eralize farm draft deferments Thursday touched off his first fight with congress Hardly had his message of dis approval been read than Rep Flannagan author of the legislation launched a movement to override the president Before the house could vote on Flannagans proposal however it had to dispose of a motion to send the bill back to the military com mittee a motion that requires only a majority vote to carry A two thirds vote is necessary to over ride a veto In lime ot war it is the para mount obligation ot every citizen to servo his country to the best of his ability the president said in a message to the house The president said he did not believe that congress really in tended in passing the selective service act that agricultural workers should be given blanket deferment as a group He added he thought congress had not intended it to be the na tional policy that agricultural em ployment vas more essential than any other type of employ ment including service in the armed forces of the United States in the protection of our country The vetoed measure would have revised the Tydings amend ment to fix a procedure Cor de ferment of agricultural and kin Nazi Remnants Flee to Denmark Before Allies Paris surrendered to the British army Thursday and Marshal Stalin announced from Moscow the collapse of German resistance in the entire northern Ger man pocket east of Kiel Stalins order of the day said a link with the British had been established along a 69mile front from the Baltic to Wittenberge on the Elbe after the overwhelming of the last German resistance on the Mecklenburg plain Remnants of one beaten German division after another surrendered as the war in Europe drew to BRITISH DRIVE INTO RANGOON BURMA CAPITAL Aussies on Tarakan Push to Recover Borneo Oil Rubber Colombo UK troops stormed into Rangoon capital o Burma Thursday in the fina phase ot the campaign to liberate tHe British colony Japa nese invaders The drive into the city which had a prewar population ot ap proximately 400000 was an nounced in a special comrouniqu of the southeast Asia command There were no Immediate re ports whether the allied forces which completed the encirclemen of tbe city Wednesday with paratroop landing 20 miles to th south were meeting any form idable resistance at Rangoon Civilians who had escaped from the city and liberated prisoner reported that highranking Japa nese military officers and puppe government authorities had fie the city Meanwhile Australian invasio forces fanned out over Taraka island Thursday in a direct bi to recover Borneo oil and rubbi sources stolen by the Japanese Over Japan 50 o 100 America Superfortresses struck their 13 neutralizing blow since March 2 at Japanese suicideplane bases on Kyushu southernmost of Ja pans home islands The Australians meeting only light resistance on Tarakan off the east coast of Borneo threatened jrovisional capital was not nown He was believed to have fled Hamburg asBritish troops approached and the British Press association said he may be in the German naval base town of Kiel RAF attacked the Kiel naval base 4 times Wednes day night perhaps in an effort to persuade Doenitz that further sistance was futile Highly reliable sources in Lon don said arrangements had been completed some time ago for the 2 to 5 German divisions in Den mark to surrender as soon as al lied troops reach the country British second army troops fast were approaching the Danish border Thursday Supreme head quarters has prepared a military mission to fly into Denmark and establish contact with King Chris tian at the earliest possible mo ment dred occupations according to work actually performed Asserting that in his opinion No group should have any spe cial privileges the president de clared Enactment of such a law would not only an injustice to the millions already inducted into our armed forces and those yet to be inducted It would do violence to the basic principle embodied in Section 5 E 1 of the selective training and service act which prohibits deferment by occupa tional groups or groups ot indl viduals a principle which was in corporated into the present law because of the deferment scandal of the last war particularly in shipyards The vetoed amendment grew out of congressional dissatisfaction with draft board administration of the Tydings act overrun the islands airfield nd the burning town of Tara an Gen Douglas MacAHhur an puncing Ihe invasion said it irtuatly severed the enemys oldings in the south The B29 raid on Kyushu was in upport of American forces on outhern Okinawa where 2 more S divisions have been hurled gainst the 5mile Japanese de ens e line across the island The new uriits were the 77th in antry division and the first ma division bringing the attack arce to 5 divisions At the east end of the line the 7th armored division cracked through enemy defenses to reach within a mile of Yonabaru Strong enemy resistance continued along the rest of the line and no important changes ot positions were reported On Mindanao island in the southeastern Ameri can troops advanced to the west bank of the Davao river and were poised on the edge of Davao city On Luzon troops of the 14th corps had completed clearing al the southern part of the island anc Were mopping up small Japanesi pockets in the hills a close Denmark and Norway were iso led by the BriUshHussian junc on Canadian tactical air force lanes smashed a large concenlra on of German shipping evacuat ng military personnel fleeing rom small Baltic ports toward enmark and continued de traction of German land transport Ding in the same direction Stalin said the towns of Earth ite of a prisoner of war camp lor American fliers Doberan Neubu ow Warin and Wttenburg were aptured and a link made with Jritish troops on the Wismar Vittenberge line Wismar is on the Baltic where allied quarters previously had an lounced a linkup and Witteni jerge is da the Eloewn6rthwest6t Berlin Bocketfirlng RAF Typhoons destroyed 4 vessels and damaged more than 50 when they attacked the German escape armadas ranging from motor torpedo boats to 10000fon cargo liners The waters around Kiel Flensburg and Luebeck were dotted with burning ships pilots reported About 900 vehicles were de stroyed or damaged Hamburg Europes largest port had been outflanked and be sieged for several weeks It was largely in ruins because bombers had made it a frequent target Hamburg is an open city the radio there one ot the last in German Brit ish occupation troops arc now entering the city The northern German holdings were split into several untenable pockets and the southern section was shrunk by the surrender in Italyof nearly 1000000 German combat and service troops The Alpine redoubt was virtually wiped out under terms ol the surrender The Germans still held Bohemia and Moravia eastern Austria and the mountainous re gimi of northwest Yugoslavia Even this southern section was bout to be split by a junction of Gen rations 3rd army and the ussians around he Austrian city f Linz The British and Russians joined ovces on the Baltic above cap ured Berlin and east ot fallen uebeck It was more ot a mopup han a campaign TVhat Germans emained were beaten many had ed to the doubtful refuge of Den mark With the loss of Berlin Ham urg Lucbenk and Rostock the nly large German cities remain ng under the swastika were Bres au Dresden Chemnitz and Kiel Luebeck the British were 38 miles from Kiel and 85 miles from he Danish frontier Sctuverin Wismar and RANGER CHIEF KILLED Rome William O Darby of Arkansas who helpet organize and then commanded th American Ranger battalion through the grim fighting in norl Africa and Sicily was killed by German 88 millimeter shell jus 2 days before the end of the wa in Italy it was revealed Thursdaj Buy your War Bonds and Stamp from your GlobeGazette carrier boy bersc both toppled in the north The Danubian fortress ot Passau guardian city to Linr fell to Pattons troops in the south Under terms of the Italian sur render the Austrian provinces ot he Tyrol Vorarlberg and Salz aurg all were surrendered In cluded in these were the cities ot Innsbruck and Salzburg The surrendered region stretches to within artillery range ol Berchtesgader The general German crackuD was accelerated Supreme head quarters listed the capture of Field Marshal Baron Maximilian von Weichs former German com mander in the Balkans Field Marshal Hugo Sperrle who as commander of the German air force directed the blitz and 18 generals Some 93797 Germans surrendered Monday for a total since Dday for Eisenhowers armies of 2801915 The Germans in the north sur rendered in wholesale lots In the south the 3rd army dominated the Inn river on a 66 mile front and had crossed the wide tributary the Danube at ;