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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 3, 1933, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Edited for the Home THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XXXIX FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY MAY 3 1933 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION OMB NO 180 I Good Place for Trouble Land of Iowa Over Burdened During Boom Times By CHARLES P STEWART Charles P Stewart Central Press staff writer Is a native of Sioux City ASHINGTON May t J North western where farm discontent reached propor tions that re sulted to a dec laration of mar tial law a few days ago is as likely a spot as there is In the country for a really seri ous agricultural uprising to start The natural although not the capital of this region is Sioux City with a 1930 population just under 100 per cent a corn and livestock town but with the metropolitan air of a city five times its size Le Mars where the latest out break began is a small town 20 miles northof It While technically lowan Sioux City Is the center of an area in cluding as much of southeastern South Dakota and northeastern Nebraska as of the Hawkeye state Rich Farm Region Agriculturally this is one of the richest sections on earth Secretary of Agriculture Henry A Wallace discussing it with me last summer at his office in Des lloines was not then of course in the cabinet gave it aa tils opin ion indeed that its people actually were the victims ofthe enormous productivity of their region That is to say being susceptible to tremendous development he con sidered that they had overencum bered v their property vastly in ex bole prtilorigfid HOUSE ADOPTS INFLATION PLAN Mrs Henely of Grinnell to Head Womens Clubs 1 In State Counties in northwestern Iowa southeastern South Dakota and northeastern Nebraska were in a state of semirevolt at that time It is significant that their mood to day still is more turbulant In other words they are not in the least in timidatedSioux Cityis fairly rep resentative of the realm which cre ated it and the sheriff of Pottawat tamie councty Council Bluffs will be recalled as having complained last summer during the milk strike campaign up and down the Missouri river that Sioux City was the toughest town in the state Put ting it that the populace was brought up in a land of prodigious wealth and is well fed even when lusty and warlike this criticism doubtless was justified The folk are of a type which be ing enterprising and aggressive does Incline tooverdo itself in per iods of prosperity Hit in 189Ds No part of the United States was more sorely stricken by the crash of the early 1890s The ensuing de pression though not as the present one was pretty long and having spent my youth there I remember that it was characterized by threats of outright rebellion as ugly in their tone as actual doings of more recent date The difference was that the farm ers of the 1890swhile thoroughly cleaned out were not badly in debt and recovery when finally it set in was rapid Conditions of 1933 promise no such complete relief Inflation and other legislation in agricultures behalf may indeed be followed by speedier improvement than the corn belt yeomanry hopes from them but it is clear that the disposition is lacking to submit to dispossession while better times have as yet to make themselves felt LOCAL WOMAN IS NOMINATED FOR AUDITORS POST Registrations at State Club Sessions Mount Past 1000 OTHER CONVENTION STORIES IN SOCIETY SECTION Mrs Eugene Henely of Grinnell was nominated for the presidency of the Iowa Federation of Womens clubs at the Wednesday morning session of the biennial convention here and her election being uncon tested is assured Mrs William H Hathorn of Ma son City chairman of the local bi ennial board is the nominee for state auditor The slate names Mrs H C Houghton of Red Oak for first vice president Mrs Carl Reed of Cresco second vice president and Mrs Frank Davis Sioux City recording secretary One Contested Office Mrs A J Decker of Newton and Mrs David Lennox Jr of Mar shalltown were nominated for cor responding secretary the only con tested office Mrs Eugene Cutler Des Moines treasurer and Mrs William Larrabee Jr Clermont general Federation director More than 1000 women had reg istered Wednesday afternoon for the convention The speaker of Wednes day Mrs Max Mayer of Des Moines Investments and finance for wo men were discussed at the Ameri can home conference religious plays and pageants educational so cial welfare public welfare depart ment citizenship the public affairs department Outstanding Conference The outstanding conference was one conducted by Mrs Grace Morri son Poole Brockton Mass nation al head of the General Federation of Womens clubs for outgoing and incoming presidents Mrs Poole was honored at a luncheon given at the Wedgewood room of the Hotel Han ford by the chairmen of the county federations More than 500 reser vations had been made for tlie ban quet for Mrs Poole Wednesday eve ning Mrs Laura Waples McMullen who had been scheduled to speak Tues day evening took the place of Colonel Hanford MacNider on the Wednesday afternoon program The afternoon program opened with an organ recital by Horace Aldcn Miller of Mount Vernon who played his own compositions Lar jo Minuette in Classic Style Steal Away Paraphrase No 1 Reflections An Old Gospel Hymn and Indian Idyll Mrs Humphrey Sings Mrs F M Humphrey sang three of Mr Millers compositions Star light In the Heart of a Tree and I Tell My Love to the Rose Miss Ilza Niemack of Charles City played compositions of Mr Miller and some of her own work on the violin A group of Grinnell students pres ented two miracle plays The Three Marys and The Two Gifts The afternoon program was concluded Turn In rage Z Cillumn 4 AUDITOR NOMINEE MRS WILLIAM H HATHORN AUNT HET By Robert Quillet Mae wont never get mar ried Shes always with a flock o1 females an a flock scares a man away the same as smallpox France Ready to Place Surtax on American Goods Decree Will Be Used When Dollar Goes Down to 20 Francs of finance has prepared to impose shortly a 15 per cent surtax on American goods The decree It was learned is ready for signature to be issued when the dollar approaches 20 francs which officials expect This surtax already is effective on British and Japanese goods be cause of depreciated exchange It cannot be increased without parliamentary authority which Premier Daladier was reported con templating Ask for Protest Handinhand with the surtax movement is an agitation by French holders of American gold bonds to have the government pro test to Washington in connection with reports that their coupons will not be payable in gold The financial press says the gov ernment is likely to intervene and remarks that French bonds held In the United States are being paid in gold as stipulated Two govern ment issues due June 1 will be hon ored in this way Few American bonds are held in France A large percentage of these owned by Frenchmen are said to be on deposit in New York and in Switzerland that their owners may escape the French governments IS percent tax No Joid Exports WASHINGTON May 3 There will be no gold exports for payments of interest on liberty bonds held abroad The administration in adopting this policy has taken the position that bonds held abroad should be treated the same as those in the hands of persons in this country There will be no gold payments on the interest of the bonds in this country MMATH WILLING TO PAY RANSOM Can and Will Raise Any Reasonable Amount for Daughter HARWICHPORT Mass May 3 C McMath in a hurriedly called press conference today an nounced that he can and will raise any reasonable aum demanded by the kidnapers for the return of his 10 year old daughter Margaret McMath who was lured from her school yesterday In the meantime police continued to observe a truce to keep the Arc Math estate clear of any obstacles to the kidnapers or any attempt on their part to make contact with the Childs parents McMath said he was willing to meet the kidnapers at any spot they might designate that he would go alone and would not inform po lice of any such engagement He imposed only one condition That was that the child must be turned over to him when he pays the mon ey Bookkeeper Wounded by Firms President SIOUX CITY May 3 condition of Harold A Schroeder candy company bookkeeper who was wounded by Cy Young com pany president yesterday was im proved today hospital attendants said Young committed suicide after shooting Schroer DEFEND GOLDEN RULE MILO RENO TELLS FARMERS Holiday Association Has Session to Consider Farm Strike DES MOINES May 3 Reno president of the National Farmers Holiday association today expressed regret at the short sightedness of those who imagine that free men can be intimidated coerced and abused by military tyranny until they accept a condi tion in life equal to the serfs and peasantry of old Speaking before the first nation al convention of his organization urged the members to defend he golden rule and the declaration of Independence against the de structive program of the usurers of the world and the political graft ers that attack them as servants of ihat group that have neither loyalty to God country or their fellowmen Consider Farm Strike The convention was called to con sider the advisability of calling a national farm strike May 13 in an effort to bolster up the prices of farm products so that farmers may receive at least cost of production Commenting on the recent farm disturbances he said we all regret happenings such as occurred at Le Mars but we regret even more the Inhumanand unthinkable program that has made such happenings pos sible if not inevitable We must ever be careful to use judgment and consideration in al our endeavors The recent occur rences in tills state are deplored by every good citizen Disregard of law and its violations are to be serious ly considered and earnestly re gretted Deplorable Condition It is certainly a deplorable con dition when men and women who have builded the homes of this state have contributed of their means for every public service builded the schools and churches and made thi state one of the greatest in the union who have sent their boys into the trendies and their daughters into the fields at the request of this government yet are today com pelled to either ignore constituted authority or surrender the home they have builded to satisfy the greed of the money lords who wor ship only the mighty power of the dollar Reno implored the farmers to stand shoulder to shoulder and re fuse to be divided by your ene mies He urged that a closer bond be tween the farmer and industrial la bor be earnestly cultivated Recommends Laws He recommended enactment of laws giving the farmer production costs to be estimated by the same method used by the interstate com merce commission in adjusting railroad rates and tariffs public utilities and so forth He also urged that congress accept its constitu tional responsibility to provide this naion with a medium of exchange sufficient to efficiently transact the nations business without inter ference or assumed control by the usurpers of this nation In reviewing the work of the Holiday association for the first Turn In Tnce 2 Column fi Will Rogers NEW YORK May lets see what scandal the eve ning papers have here that will bear repeating The house of representatives is going to limit debate on inflation to five hours I wish to goodness there was a way to limit individuals that try to explain it to you to five hours We thought technocracy was a tough bird to get the low down on but its only a first reader compared to hearing a guy explain Inflation I am go ing down to Washington tomor row and hear the congressmen bite for it There is one thing about it its made every mans intelligence equal Yours WILL ROGERS Copyright 1933 McNaiiBht Syndicate EYE WITNESSES TO IDENTIFY MEN IN LE MARS MOB 3 Year Old Girl Dies at Boone of Lockjaw BOONE May 3 Haase 3 year old daughter of Edward Haase of Paton died in a hospital here today from lockjaw She stepped on a nail a week ago Italian Argentine Envoys in Economic Discussions WASHINGTON May 3 we had a full and frank dls Guido Jung finance minister of cussion of the subjects in which a Italy and Angnsto Rosso the Ital ian ambassador opened their econo mics discussions in Washington with a long conference at the state department with Secretary Hull At the agriculture department meanwhile Argentinas representa tives to the Roosevelt Ambassador le Breton and went into agricultural questions af fecting both countries with Secre tary Wallace and his staff On conclusion of the state de partment meeting the spokesman for Premier Mussolini told report the United States and Italy have common interest and set forth fully the Italian and American points of view The Italian representatives were to speak with the president later in the afternoon War debts were not discussed with Secretary Hull Both Signer Jung and the Ital ian ambassador gave the Impression that they felt a satisfactory starl had been made looking toward agreement at the London work economic conference 1 WILL STOP LOSS OF FARM HOMES Morgenthau Plans Quick Aid on Final Approval of Relief Bill By HOX F HENDRICKSON WASHINGTON May 3 Pro visions for special loans to debt burdened farmers faced with the prospect of losing their homes will be the first portion of the farm mortgage blll administered when congressional action cm the entire RboseSFelE is com pleted It was learned today that Henry Morgenthau Jr farm board chair man and governordesignate of the farm credit administration which will begin functioning May 27 has completed arrangements for giving quick aid under this pro vision It is separate ffom the bills authorization to refinance up to in farm mortgages through issuance of federal land bank bonds whose interest will be guaranteed by the government Special Aid Provision The special aid provision author izes an advance of funds by the re construction corporation The sen ate bill proposed that this advance be limited to the house A compro mise at 5250000000 may be ap pr6ved by congressional conferees who are expected to adjust such differences in the measure this week Tliese funds as now provided will be lent to farmers on either first or second mortgages upon the whole or any part of his farm property real or personal includ ing crops The amount of the mortgage together with prior in debtedness cannot exceed 75 per cent of the value of the property nor will a loan of more than foOOO be available to any farmer Interest will be at the rate of 5 per cent with no payment on principal the first three years Unfler Tonn Board Until May 27 administration of his part of the program will be n the hands of the federal farm ban hoard wluch goes out of ex istence when the farm credit ad ministration assumes authority Paul Bestor farm loan commission er who will continue in that post under the new setup has arranged to establish agencies in each of the 12 federal land banks to handle the special loans One condition of the loan aimed to help farmers prevent loss of their farmsteads is that holders of prior mortgages or other liens ar range to the satisfaction of the government to limit their right to proceed against the farmers prop erty because of default This would have the effect of staving off fore closures The loans are intended to provide working capital for farm operations and to enable any farmer to re deem or repurchase farm property lost through foreclosure since July 1 1931 Thousands of Inquiries Thousands of inquiries have al ready been directed to federal land banks by farmers who hope to re finance existing mortgages under other provisions of the measure which set the maximum interest rate at per cent The Interest rate on the bonds will be not more than i per cent The refinancing operation mainly will take the form of purchasing existing first mortgages for a sum not to exceed 50 per cent of the ap praised normal value of the farm land and 20 per cent of the value of permanent improvements If the mortgage holders claim Is larger Trio Saw Judge aen Out in Country and Threatened LE MARS May 3 cation of a number of leaders of the mob which abducted Judge C C Bradley 56 last Thursday seemed assured today when three eye wit nesses expressed their willingness to testify when requestd to do so Th three were among those ques tioned by the military court con ducting hearings under martial law One of the eye witnesses said he chanced to be passing along the road at the time Judge Bradley was taken into the country and threat ened with hanging unless he swore to uphold the constitutionality of Iowas new mortgage moratorium aws Can Identify Several The witness said he had lived In Dlymouth county a number of years and that he could identify several members of the mob My two companions and I chanced along the road just after the mob of about 150 or 200 had left the courthouse with the judge load ed on a truck which I am posltiv was from Merrill the witness said Merrill toymneai toere Theydrove about amile but bt townand we followed There were DARROW WILL COME CHICAGO May 3 Clar ence Darrow said today he prob ably would take some part in defending almost 10O Iowa farm ers charged with mobbing and abducting an elderly judge in a campaign to prevent mortgage foreclosures on farms Darrow who is 76 years old made the de cision when informed of reports from Iowa that F Faville for merly Iowa chief justice and William Holly of Chicago asso ciated with Darrow in several noted court cases were willing to participate Grains Climb Quickly Only to Slip Back Corn Holds Up Better Under Profit Sales Than Wheat CHICAGO May 3 swept sharply higher in price to day immediately following an ouncement that the farm relief in latlon bill had been passed by the ouse All deliveries of wheat corn ats and rye were quickly lifted to he seasons highest levels The De ember delivery or wTieat reaching 7 cents a bushel cent higher han Mondays previous high of Heavy selling by profit takers aused sharp reactions just before he close with prices sinking to the owest levels of the day as the gong nded trading This caused an irrcg lar finish with prices rangingfrom 3 cent lower to Vi cent higher ban yesterdays finish December vheat closed at Cprn Relatively Stronger Corn was relatively stronger than wheat and at the close waa from i cents higher Talk around the corn and oats pits that the admin stration favored the proposed plan to blend gasoline with alcohol mad from grains for use as motor fue gave corn strength all day The De cember delivery closed at 43 cents a bushel cents below th 44 cents reached earlier but IV above yesterdays finish Run Into Siotit TaWng NBW YORK May 3 stoclc market f oUowmg announce nient that congress Jmd approvei the inflationary provisions of th farm relief measure ran into som heavy profit taking Jate today am whirled about nervously to an ir regular finish The rails after early hesitancy gave way under re allzation but some of the and utilities and a sprinkling of Jn dustrials retained advances of 1 to around 2 points The turnover ap proximated 4500000 shares cries of get a rope lets hang him from a number in the crowd Rope Over Bnr A rope was obtained and strung over the cross bar of a telephone pole About that time the mob saw us and told us get the hell out of here Youre not part of our gang We had considerable difficulty turn ing our truck around in the narrow roaci and did not get to see if they swung the judge up for a minute or two Officers al the national guard camp here said they had the names of the three witnesses and had talked to them and that they prob ably would be summoned for the military court hearings The witnesses fearing possible attempts to harm them asked that their names be withheld Call His Bluff Capt Horace Wulf camp adju tant and former Morningside col lege football star said that he and Private Keith Kernalmn oC Des Moines former allstate high school fullback had called the bluff of a farmer who was reported to have threatened to shoot it out with the guard if attempts were made to ar rest him The two former gridiron huskies went to the farm alone and learned that the man sought Max Blankcn burg had not been home since Fri day the day following the attack upon Judge Bradley I talked to Mrs Blankenburg and two of her sons and searched the house and the farm buildings Captain Wulf said Blankenburg was not to be found Make Cherokee Arrests Detachments of guards were spread over Plymouth county today In search of 200 more suspects It was learned that Sheriff A N Tilton of Cherokee county had been delegated to make arrests in that county after a conference with mil itary officials County Attorney James Smith of Cherokee yesterday threatened to arrest the guards if they invaded that county Troops to Stay Well go into Cherokee county when the occasion demands how ever despite the assertion of the county attorney that hell arrest the guard If It enters without dec laration of martial law one of ficer said Our proclamation gives Budget Within 120 Million of Balance Claim President Assumes Taxes of Next Year to Bring No More Than Last WASHINGTON May 3 President Roosevelt and Lewis Douglas director of the budget have brought next years govern ment budget within of jalaneing This disclosure was made today m high quarters with the informa tion that the president is relying on a hard boiled basis in making nis calculations assuming that taxes will bring in no more next year than they have this year On this estimate he figures re ceipts next year of and expenditures of These expenditures are the nor1 mal government costs exclusive of the sinking fund payment for re tirement of Indebtedness The total shows a cut of almost one billion dollars under the current budget First estimates of revenue from the beer tax were declared today at the white house to be running ahead of the previous estimate of 5150000000 annually Turn to PIKC 2 Cnlamn 3 Tom fo rmce 2 Colomn 1 17 ARE KILLED IN CUBAN UPRISINGS Troops in Oriente Province to Stamp Out Revolt at Its Seat SANTIAGO Cuba May 3 Troops ranged Oriente province to slash at rebellion today as the number of slain in uprisings that began Saturday grew to 37 The latest victims were two sol diers They died last night in a skirmish with rebels near San Luis Other soldiers were wounded but the casualties among their foes were not determined Four of the band surrendered to Col Louis Del Rosal chief of the military district Twentyfour hours earlier three rebels who had taken part in Saturdays raid on the civil guard post al San Ltjii were sur prised and slain 9 IOWA MEMBERS VOTE AY IN 307 TO 86 ROLL CALL larly Agreement Seen on Rest of Farm Relief Measure BULLETIN WASHINGTON Sfny S fl senate todny passed the Muscle ShoalsTennessee Volley development bill It now goes conference with the house WASHINGTON May 3 louse of representatives today ap roved the administration inflation irogram as already passed by the enate Comparing with the impressive i to 21 senate vote last week the epresentatives palled 307 in favor and 86 opposed to the broad cur powers to be vested in Presi dent Roosevelt This completed con ressional action on the inflation set up Iowas congressional delegation voted solidly in favor of the infla tion amendment Drop Party Linos The three republican representa tives Lloyd Thurston C C DoweU and Fred C Gilchrist joined with the six Iowa democrats E C Eicher B M Jacobsen A C Will ford Fred Biermann Otha T Wearin and Guy M Gillette in vot ing for the Inflation amendment The roll call followed immediately on a voice vote to differ wltti the I senate on amendments made to UMJ masalve farm roliel sending the conference wVtkxVtivi other branch Cor compromise on differences Six hours of debate were con eluded last night on the inflation proposal opposed by the republican leadership Score Republicans Democratic inflationist at every turn trounced the drastic efforts of the republicans to defeat the pro posal already adopted by the sen ate The inflation proposal gives President Rosevelt broad powers to expand credit and currency in a five point program as follows Permits the federal reserve sys tem to buy S3000000000 in govern ment bonds against which cur rency may be issued Authorizes the president to in United States notes issued Gives the president power to Change the content of the gold dol ar up to 50 per cent reduction Change Silver Ratio Authorizes the president to ihangc the ratio of the silver dollar ind provides for free coinage of liver Authorizes the president to ac icpt in silver from for ign debtors on the war debts for vhlch currency may be issued Speaker Ralney had Indicated scp irate votes would be had on the old content and silver sections of he bill but to the surprise of many his did not materialize Republi can Leader Snell had demanded procedure The main controversy as between senate and house on the farm bill s expected to be the NorrlaSimp son production cost guarantee plan Sec Early Agreement Some members of the conference committees already have gone into the differences informally and the democratic leadership expected agreement by the end of the week This would make it possible to get the legislation to the white housp for signature without further delay inasmuch as no difficulty was ex pected in having both branches sanction the compromises thai might be reached Besides the inflation provision the bill provides for an experimental farm relief plan to be controlled and administered by the secretary of agriculture It creates a 000 farm mortgage refinancing system designed to aid farmers to hold their property IOWA WEATHER Mostly cloudy Wednesday night and Thursday fihoweris prolmblu west and extreme Houtli portions little change In temperature LOCAL STATISTICS GlobeGazette weather figures for21 horn period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Maximum Tuesday 57 Minimum In Nlfrht 33 At 8 A M t1 ;